How is Santa Clara County different today by fsy40675

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									                How is Santa Clara County
                different today?

Assessing the Impact of the Greenbook Initiative and Related Efforts since
                                 2001:


                A SELECTION OF EVALUATION FINDINGS




                                                 Applied Survey Research,
                                     Local Evaluator and Research Partner
                             Presented by Greenbook Initiative Leadership
What is the Greenbook Project?

     In 2001, Santa Clara County was chosen as one of
       six communities, funded by the Federal
       Departments of Justice and HHS under an inter-
       departmental initiative: “Collaborations to
       Address Domestic Violence and Child
       Maltreatment.”
     Eight federal agencies supported this effort to
       implement policies from the “Greenbook”, a
       policy blueprint to design effective interventions
       between child welfare services, domestic violence
       agencies and the juvenile dependency court.
   Getting to Community-level Impact…

System Changes            Better Results
within and amongst        for Families
Greenbook and related     County-wide
efforts
                 Greenbook’s Theory of Change


IF                       THEN
                            The immediate response
                                                        THEN
    Professionals           to families with co-          Families will be
     throughout the                                         able to heal,
                             occurrence of DV and
     system are better
     trained and             CM will be improved            and
     connected, and
     Communities                                           Families will

                            There will be protocols
     assist their own                                       improve their
                             for further screening,
     to seek help for                                       level of
     DV/ Child               assessment and service
                                                            functioning,
     Maltreatment            planning
                                                            and
     (CM), and
    There is               Families will be able to      Families will not
     improved
                             access opportunities for       experience
     screening and
     referral for DV         healing, such as               further violence
     and/ or CM              counseling, batterer and
                             alcohol/drug treatment
                             programs
What happened in Santa Clara County:

       Project oversight provided by senior representatives
        from DFCS, five non-profit domestic violence
        agencies, Juvenile Dependency Court and Law
        Enforcement (Project Oversight Committee – POC).
       Project management provided by Kids in Common.
       Local evaluation conducted by Applied Survey
        Research.
       The Greenbook Project benefitted from a
        convergence of other projects and reforms: DFCS
        Redesign, Family to Family, and the System
        Improvement Plan.
Eight Project Groups

    1.   Development and training of DV
         Advocates.
    2.   Cross training and building internal
         capacity.
    3.   Batterer accountability and services.
    4.   Multidisciplinary response.
    5.   Change DFCS agency policy and worker
         practice.
Eight Project Groups

     6.   Integrated Courts
     7.   Respect Culture and Community Initiative
          (RCCI)
     8.   The Partnership Project.
When “co-occurrence” children and
their parents come into contact
with the Law Enforcement, DFCS,
Court and DV systems,


            how is their experience today
            different than it was, or
            would have been, in 2001?
              Improved Capability of Staff

               The reported level of knowledge about the
Influences:
               co-occurrence of domestic violence and child
GB - IT
meetings
               maltreatment has increased amongst system
               leaders associated with Greenbook
GB - POC

Project 2 –    Implementation Team (IT) attendees’ reported level of knowledge about
  Cross        co-occurrence, 2000 and 2003
 Training       100%
                                                                                       80%
                                                                                                 2000
                 80%
                                                                                                 2003
                 60%                                          50%               49%

                 40%
                                                                    21%
                 20%
                                  1%        0%
                  0%
                            Not knowledgeable                  Somewhat      Very knowledgable
                                                             knowledgeable

                       Source: ASR. 2000 n=72, 2003 n= 39.
              Improved Capability of Staff

               DV victims and their children are now more
Influences:    likely to be served by sensitized,
Project 2 –    resourceful staff:
  Cross
 Training
               At least 700 staff representing law enforcement, courts, social
               workers, and CBOs have been cross-trained by GB on impact
               of co-occurrence, how to screen/ assess, how other systems
               work, and resources/ referrals
               Percentage of participants who felt cross-training was helpful / very helpful
                   100%

                                                                  95%                                               95%
                    95%            93%
                                                                                                  92%

                    90%


                    85%


                    80%
                                   2003                           2004                            2005              2006
                          Source: ASR – Post training surveys. 2003 (n=29), 2004 (n=45), 2005 (n=32), 2006 (n=31)
Improved Initial Response

     During the past 5 years, many reforms in DFCS,
       including Early Intervention/Weekend Diversion,
       Family to Family, Joint Response, limiting shelter
       stays and Greenbook have impacted the overall
       rates of children entering the system.
        In 2001, 1,629 children were removed from
         their home.
        In 2005, only 1,231 were removed from their
         home.
                Improved Initial Response

 Influences:      Children who may have been exposed to
Greenbook
                  violence are now less likely to be
Practice &        removed from their homes and placed in
 Culture
 Change
                  shelter:
    Early
                  The number of children removed from the home and
Intervention/     brought to the Children’s Shelter has decreased since 2001
  Weekend
  Diversion
                   Total Number of Annual Admits                                  Average Daily Population
                   3000
 Family to                 2274
                                                                                  200

  Family
                                                                                  150   133
                   2000
                                                                           1380
    Law
                                                                                  100
Enforcement
DV protocol        1000
                                                                                   50                             30

   Joint              0                                                             0
 Response                  2000      2001      2002      2003      2004    2005         2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

                          Source: Santa Clara County’s Children Shelter.
               Improved Initial Response

 Influences:      Families coming into DFCS are now more
                  likely to have their cases be diverted to
Greenbook
Project 5-        voluntary services rather than for
  DFCS            Dependency Court Intervention
 practice
                  Number of children within DFCS whose families receive voluntary
    Early         services
Intervention/
  Weekend         1500
                                                                                               16000   Children with ER
  Diversion                                                                                            Investigation
                                                                                               14000

                                                                                               12000   New 300 Petitions
CW Reform                                                                                      10000
                                                                                                       filed

  (SIP)           1000
                                                                                               8000
                                                                                                       Voluntary cases
                                                                                                       (IS and VFM)
                                                                                               6000
 Family to
                                                                                               4000
  Family
                                                                                               2000

                   500                                                                         0
                         1998/99 1999/00 2000/1   2001/2   2002/3   2003/4   2004/5   2005/6

                     Source: DFCS
Improved Initial Response

     Removals – 4 days or less:
        In 2001, there were 538 children who
         were removed from their home for 4
         days or less (33% of the total
         removals).
        In 2005, there were only 297 children
         removed for 4 days or less (24.1% of
         the total removals.)
                   Improved Initial Response

  Influences:
                       DV victims are now more likely to
                       receive a phone call from a DV
  Project 4 –
DVRT & Family
                       advocate following a DV incident,
   Violence            offering crisis intervention and
    Center
                       resources:
 VAWA grant
procured by GB           Community Solutions serves approximately 400-500 victims
(funded call support   each year, either through follow up calls from police reports or
    to victims and
   language bank)
                       as walk-ins.

     Law                Law enforcement from San Jose, Los Gatos, Campbell and the
Enforcement’s          Sheriff’s department referred 4,367 victims to Next Door, all of
 DV protocol           whom were reached at least once (05/06)

                        From July – Dec 2005, Support Network for Battered Women’s
                       Victim Advocacy Project reviewed police reports and followed up
                       with 563 victims from the cities of Mountain View, Sunnyvale,
                       Palo Alto and Los Altos Hills.
              Improved Initial Response

Influences:     Families coming into DFCS are now more
Project 5-      likely to be screened for DV
  DFCS
 practice

                 Percent of DFCS cases (random sample) screened for Domestic
                 Violence.

                  100%
                                                           78%    79%
                  75%


                  50%                   41%


                  25%


                   0%
                                        2001               2003   2004-5

                         Source: ASR – Case Abstraction.
                         N= 150 each year
…and what difference do we
hope all of these system changes
have made for families?
     Reduced Family Violence

The rate of DV calls for assistance has
decreased in Santa Clara County
  Rate of calls per 1000 population
      8.0
                                                                                               Santa Clara County
                                                                                               San Mateo County
      7.0
                                                                                               Santa Cruz County
                                                                                               San Benito County
      6.0                                                                                      Alameda County



      5.0



      4.0



      3.0



      2.0
                 1998           1999            2000        2001   2002   2003   2004   2005


            Source: California Attorney Generals’ Office.
      Reduced Family Violence

The re-occurrence of child abuse has
decreased in Santa Clara County
 Percent of children in DFCS who experience a subsequent allegation
 of abuse, within 6 months of first substantiated allegation
     12%
                                                                                                                            Santa Clara

                                                                                                                            Alameda
     10%                                                                                                                    San Mateo

                                                                                                                            Santa Cruz


     8%




     6%




     4%
            CY 1998        CY 1999        CY 2000     Jul 01-Jun 02 Jul 02 - Jun    July 03- Jun   Jul 04-June
                                                                         03              04             05


       Source: Needell, B., Webster, D., Armijo, M., Lee, S., Cuccaro-Alamin, S., Shaw, T., Dawson, W., Piccus, W., Magruder, J., Exel, M., Conley,
       A., Smith, J., Dunn, A., Frerer, K., & Putnam Hornstein, E., (2006). Child Welfare Services Reports for California. Retrieved August 2006 from
       University of California at Berkeley Center for Social Services Research website. Table: Recurrence of Abuse/Neglect over Time: Children
       with a first substantiated report of abuse/neglect for base period (example) July 1, 2004 to June 30, 2005.
            Overall Climate Change across Systems


 Each year, key informants have been consistently positive
  about Greenbook’s impact, especially the initiative’s ability to
   • keep co-occurrence on the cross-sector, county level policy agenda, and
   • keep people talking….bringing sectors together to have the sometimes tough
     conversations needed to create cross-sector policy change

 Most commonly noted impact is the hardest to measure:
   culture change…
   • a shift in perceptions, attitudes…leading to
   • breakthrough of real or perceived barriers between sectors…leading to
   • Subtle yet innumerable changes in daily practices
   • …and this priming of the climate is the foundation that is essential for
     sustaining past efforts and developing new ones
                        Key Factors of Success

IT meeting attendees in 2003 said the following were key
factors that have contributed to the success of the Santa
Clara County Greenbook Initiative

                                 Having the right people at the table                                 4.51
Mean score of
        various                                   Strong leadership
        factors,
     where “1”       The partners have the needs of the women and
                                    children in mind
 means not at
 all a success                           Commitment of key leaders

     factor and    Collaborative member agreement about the nature
    “5” means                       of the problem
  very much a            Involvement of certain key agencies/groups
       success
         factor.             Shared vision of what the group should
                                          accomplish

                        Individual relationships among collaborative
                                 members and agency staff                             4.12

                                                                        3       4                                    5


                                                                            Source: Applied Survey Research, 2003.
Next Steps

  1.   Expand Greenbook Leadership to include
       representatives from Mental Health, Drug and
       Alcohol Services and Probation.
  2.   Support the implementation of the
       recommendations from the GB Safety Audit.
  3.   Having a Greenbook Project coordinator was
       identified as being critical to the success of this
       work. Therefore, a means to provide on-going
       coordination is needed in order to insure
       continued improvement of outcomes for
       children and families experiencing domestic
       violence and child maltreatment.
For More Information:


    You may download a full copy of the
      Greenbook Evaluation at:
      www.kidsincommon.org/greenbook_eval
                        or
          www.appliedsurveyresearch.org
        Select “Recently Released Reports”

								
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