Council on Competitiveness High Performance Computing Project by gqz18849

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									   Council on
 Competitiveness
High Performance
Computing Project




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                Council Background

• Founded 1986 by John Young (CEO Hewlett-Packard)
• Non-profit, non-partisan
• Mission
   – Set a public policy action agenda that drives economic growth and
     raises the standard of living for all Americans
• Membership
   – Only national organization whose membership is comprised
     exclusively of CEOs, university presidents and labor leaders



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              Changing Competitive
                 Environment
• U.S. is facing more serious global competitive
  challenges than in the past
• We can no longer compete on traditional cost and
  quality terms
• The ability to create new value will determine
  competitive advantage


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High Performance Computing and
           Innovation


  High performance computing
is a key ingredient in America’s
        innovation capacity


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        High Performance Computing Project
           A program of the Council’s National Innovation Initiative


Objective: Stimulate and facilitate wider usage of HPC across
  the private sector to propel productivity, innovation and
  competitiveness
Approach
• Determine whether the private sector is using HPC as
  aggressively as it could and should
   – If not…why not: business & technical barriers
• Explore the role of public-private sector partnerships to
  address barriers
• Leverage government investment in HPC R&D, systems and
  expertise to advance industrial and national competitiveness             5

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             Project Participants

• Private sector HPC users
• U.S. Government agencies and laboratories
• HPC manufacturers and software
  developers


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Advisory Committee




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Advisory Committee




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Advisory Committee




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           Advisory
          Committee
         Grand Challenges


HPC User              User
Surveys
         INNOVATION Conferences


         Case Studies
          Workshops




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FINDINGS




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            HPC Is Essential to Business Survival

             Competitive Risk from not having access to HPC
                                           Could exist and compete
                       3%
34%
                                           Could not exist as a business


                                           Could not compete on quality &
                                           testing issues
                                    47%    Could not compete on time to market
      16%                                  & cost
                                          Data from Council-sponsored survey conducted by IDC



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                                    HPC Drives Business
                                     Competitiveness

                                          • Reducing design costs
                                            through virtual
                                            prototyping
                                          • Reducing physical tests
                                            for faster time to market


Image courtesy of Pratt & Whitney



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                 HPC Drives Business
                  Competitiveness

• Breakthrough insights for
  manufacturers
  – Procter & Gamble uses
    HPC to model production
    of Pringles® and Pampers®
                                   Image courtesy of
                                   The Proctor & Gamble Company




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                  HPC Drives Business
                   Competitiveness

• Shortened product development cycles
  – U.S. entertainment industry must compete with
    foreign animation studios
     that have much cheaper
     wage rates



                             Image courtesy DreamWorks Animation SKG
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     Companies are not Using HPC as
        Aggressively as Possible

• Education and Training Barriers
             – Lack of computational scientists
               (internal or external)
             – Not enough people in the pipeline
             – Poor match between skills taught
               and skills needed


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       Companies are not Using HPC as
          Aggressively as Possible

• Business Culture Barriers:
  – Is HPC an investment, or a cost?
  – What is the return on investment (ROI)?




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        Companies are not Using HPC as
           Aggressively as Possible

• Technical Barriers
  – Legacy applications software inhibits usage
  – Codes are often not scalable for broader industrial
    use
  – Software licensing costs are growing, becoming a
    barrier for some sites


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HPC Independent Software Vendor
          (ISV) study




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     HPC Independent Software Vendor
               (ISV) Study

• First of its kind
• Independent, extensive assessment of the
  landscape and market dynamics surrounding
  ISVs that serve HPC users.



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    HPC Independent Software Vendor
              (ISV) Study
• Interviews Completed
  – 110 completed interviews (by application)
  – From 54 different suppliers/companies

• Notes
  – There are many small university codes that we did not focus on
  – Government ISV codes received second priority
  – We surveyed for codes that are used in the U.S. or worldwide. Codes
    that are only used in their foreign country of origin (e.g., India, Japan)
    were not included in this study.
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      HPC Independent Software Vendor
                (ISV) Study
• Primary Goals
  –   Assess the ISV landscape for HPC
  –   Identify ISVs’ readiness for petascale computing
  –   Identify barriers to future development
  –   Create an ISV directory



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     HPC Independent Software Vendor
               (ISV) study
• Study captures information on:
  – Demographics; company profile; history of code
  – Scalability
  – Willingness to form partnerships and improve
    code
  – Breakdowns by industry


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         HPC Independent Software Vendor
                   (ISV) study
 ISV applications only exploit a fraction of the
    performance potential of today’s systems
Typical single-job size - grouped
Number of CPUs Count Percent                           In practice, 82% of
                1      19     24.4%                   applications are run
             2-8       25     32.1%                   at 32 CPUs or below.
            9-32       20     25.6%
          33-128         9    11.5%                    About one in four
       129-1024          4     5.1%                      applications
       Unlimited         1     1.3%                     is single-CPU.
           Total:      78 100.0%
Data from Council-sponsored survey conducted by IDC


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         HPC Independent Software Vendor
                   (ISV) study
       For many applications, the ISVs know how to improve
                scalability but have no plans to do so.
           No, not possible
                  14%
                                      Already does, or in
                                   progress
                                     26%



  Yes, but no
immediate plans
     60%                                We need to understand the
                                        motivations of this group.

                                      Data from Council-sponsored survey conducted by IDC   25

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  HPC Independent Software Vendor
            (ISV) study


   Competitiveness Implications:
Many companies have important computational
       problems that they cannot solve




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        HPC Users Conference
  Accelerating Innovation for Prosperity

• July 13th in Washington, DC
• Registration: hpcusersconference.com




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             Software Workshop
   The Need for HPC Application Software Solutions


• July 14th in Washington, DC
• Registration
  – http://www.osc.edu




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            Council Contacts

Suzy Tichenor, VP/HPC Project Director
  – 202-969-3398
  – stichenor@compete.org
Melyssa Fratkin, Policy Director, HPC
  – 202-969-3384
  – mfratkin@compete.org


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