Chinese Medicine Industry strengths, weaknesses and threats ???????Chinese Medicine Industry strengths, weaknesses and threats ????????In China, a real problem is that joining the WTO, because chemicals developed to further strengthen intellectual property protection, imitation will be more difficult, and in the purchase of imported drugs and the price of foreign pharmaceutical patent cases are very expensive to play Chinese traditional medicine the unique advantages of the pharmaceutical industry to become the inevitable choice of development strategy. However, the shoulder that responsibility of Chinese Traditional Medicine Industry, the equipment and process are quite backward, a serious shortage of international competitiveness, therefore, the correct analysis of the Chinese medicine industry in international competition in the comparative strengths, weaknesses and threats to traditional Chinese medicine industry In a competitive advantage in international competition to have important significance. First, the comparative advantage of Chinese Traditional Medicine Industry Long cultural superiority of Chinese medicine theory and Chinese herbal medicine resources and rich Chinese medicine to the Chinese nation's fine traditional culture of applications in medicine, clinical experience, sum up to form a complete theoretical system of Chinese medicine to save as many as 30 million of the recipe, recipes. Traditional Chinese Medicine theory to adapt to the rise of the world began to demand individuality and diversity, showing a great vitality. Long Chinese medicine theory and cultural superiority to the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry and the world has laid a solid foundation Jinchu At the same time, our wide range of natural conditions, gave birth to the rich resources of Chinese herbal medicines, so our training, development of Chinese medicine industry has unique advantages in resources. According to the National Census and Statistics traditional Chinese medicine resources, China has recorded as many as 12,807 kinds of medicinal resources. By source, 11,146 kinds of medicinal plants, 1,581 kinds of medicinal animals, 80 kinds of medicinal minerals, by the use of points, more than 1200 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines business, more than 4000 kinds of folk medicine, folk medicine for more than 7000 kinds. 600 commonly used herbs in planting more than 200 kinds of medicinal herbs, cultivated area of 400,000 hectares, annual production of 300,000 tons, accounting for 30% of commonly used medicinal species, cultivation accounting for the acquisition of the total annual output of nearly 50%; wild herbs buy varieties of 400 species, the acquisition was 40 million tons of varieties of herbs commonly used about 70% of the acquisition purchase accounting for 50% -60% of the total. National business more than 1200 kinds of medicinal species, Chinese herbal medicine around the acquisition value of 16 billion yuan. A large number of human resources China has a knowledge of modern medical science and technology, traditional Chinese medicine research team. Where (the country) Chinese Medicine Hospital 2552, the 30 institutions of Chinese medicine, the independent medical research institutions 77, and hundreds of Chinese new product development organization. As of 1998, China has a total of 514,380 health professionals in medicine, including Chinese classes for the 350 743 people, Chinese class is 163 637 people, the technical personnel foundation for the development of Chinese medicine in China, while there are a thousand a year were higher in medical professionals to the social and scientific research institutions step. In recent years also welcomed, encouraged to apply for Non-Traditional Chinese Medicine of undergraduate institutions, graduate students, aims to train a number of other institutions have learned to use the computer, biological, chemical and other knowledge to the development of Chinese medicine compound talents for Chinese medicine modern, high technology into the new force. Strong market demand Back to nature in recent years, the rise of the tide of the world, led the Chinese market demand continues to grow. Relevant statistics show that sales from the international herbal market of 12.4 billion U.S. dollars in 1994 to 16 billion U.S. dollars in 2000, the average annual growth of above 8%. Sales of herbal medicines is now the highest in Europe, accounting for 35% global market share. U.S. market accounts for 20%, although lower than in Europe, but herbal medicine market in the past 10 years, the highest growth rate of the country. As it is expected, natural medicine in the world pharmaceutical market capacity of up to 40 billion U.S. dollars. In China, the demand of Chinese medicine is also growing. Chinese patent medicine published in the national directory of non-prescription drugs account for more than 80%, but mainly for the purchase of proprietary Chinese medicine pharmacy consumers have less than 40% of consumers, while the parties concerned on the market, according to the survey, the current market with herbal cosmetics Traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine treatment of the demand increases, traditional Chinese medicine in the rural market prospects, which makes the existence of a potential of China's OTC market proprietary A good basis for new drug development Modern study of traditional Chinese medicine has made remarkable progress: the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine has been a systematic and comprehensive finishing; identification of areas in addition to general sources of medicine, character identification of foreign, are still widely used microscopic, chemical and other means; by Chinese dish Technology and principles of modern research, traditional Chinese medicine concocted by a larger study the development of Chinese medicine concocted for many has been improved and standardized, and uses a lot of advanced equipment and technology to improve the quality slices; on the chemical composition of traditional Chinese medicine extensive research, most commonly used traditional Chinese medicine identified the main active ingredients, some identify the chemical structure; antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor and other aspects of a large number of drug screening, drug in polysaccharides, tannins, amino acids, peptides, have been found There are many biological activities, in clarifying the effectiveness of Chinese medicine has played an important role. In order to develop unified standards for medicines, Ministry of Health established the China Pharmacopoeia Committee, published in 1995 edition Pharmacopoeia. These results for the development of new drugs of TCM in China and have a complete IPR laid a good foundation, and has a complete intellectual property rights of Chinese medicine and the pharmaceutical industry in China to participate in international competition, the biggest advantage. Strong policy support My Government has always attached great importance to the pharmaceutical industry, given the strong policy support. In 1997, the CPC Central Committee and State Council required all aspects of the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry should actively promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine production. In 1999, the National Science and Technology and other ministries through the long-term research, the establishment of a "modern medicine" and "Chinese medicine more broadly to the world" strategic objective, select the "Chinese technology industry," as an entry point to promote the comprehensive development of traditional Chinese medicine industry. In April 2000 set up a traditional Chinese medicine in Shanghai Innovation Center, and to develop Hong Kong as an international center for Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine to Shanghai and Hong Kong through faster and better to go abroad. Recently, the State Planning Commission and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicines in 2002 made a special implementation of industrial elements. Special to train a large variety of Chinese Medicine Industry, big business, big market for the purpose, goals, Í»³ö focused implementation of demonstration projects of modern traditional Chinese medicine industry, the modern pharmaceutical industry, advanced technology and equipment, upgrading of Chinese Medicine Industry Neizaijingzheng Li . The cheering, the November 1, 2002, the State Council transmitted the Ministry of Science, the State Planning Commission, the State Economic and Trade Commission, Ministry of Health, the State Food and Drug Administration, State Intellectual Property Office, the State Medical Board, Chinese Academy of Sciences 8 departments jointly formulated the "Outline of Chinese modernization," the "Outline" made from 2002 to 2010 the guiding ideology of China's modernization of Chinese medicine, basic principles and strategic objectives, key tasks and key measures that will promote the pace of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine production a significant role. 2, disadvantages of traditional Chinese medicine industry Low level of international operations TCM is not proper international status, Chinese medicine in many countries still mainly non-governmental voluntary application, Chinese medicine has not fully legalized in most countries and areas covered by medical insurance. So far, the overall Chinese medicine only South Korea, Southeast Asia, individual countries recognized. In Europe and the United States market, China's TCM health food products can only be entered, rather than access to drugs, so the market is limited and the price is very low sales. With the implementation of the modernization of TCM in China, some Chinese manufacturers product positioning to compete in international markets, increased research and development efforts on the international market. However, industry-wide situation, the international investment and development efforts is not enough. State-owned foreign trade enterprises has been gradually declining, manufacturers are not familiar with the international market and other factors have restricted the development efforts of the international market. Resources development and utilization of traditional Chinese medicine production and low efficiency, product quality could not meet demand Because of the abundant resources of Chinese herbal medicines have not been well integrated development and use of large consumption of natural resources, makes some valuable resources of Chinese herbal medicines is almost depleted, the bulk of the cultivation techniques to promote Chinese herbal medicine is not enough, Chinese herbal medicine production extensive management, yield low, poor quality of the phenomenon more common; Chinese herbal pest control and pesticide residues pollution problem more serious. Processing in Chinese Herbal Medicine, Chinese herbal medicines as the quality of instability, confusion species, low level of factors of production, resulting in unstable product quality, processing issues such norms are not uniform, making it difficult to meet the needs of foreign customers, greatly weakened the Chinese medicine market competitiveness. Enterprise-scale industrial concentration lower than filial piety, technical level is not high According to the China Administration of Traditional Chinese medicine production enterprises on the 1059 Statistical analysis, which accounted for 1 018 small and medium enterprises, accounting for 96.13%. 2001 Chinese herbal medicines and proprietary Chinese medicines industry sales top 10 enterprises in concentration of only 25%. Chinese medicine preparation equipment industry as a whole is only equal to 70 years the international level, few specifications, systematic, standardized, and supporting poor, low level of automation, quality inspection equipment, delay, lack of modern enterprise management system, and basically do not have the technology development of innovation. Production and export structure defects Chinese medicine industry in the production of defective products, outstanding performance in the competitive products of aging, low-technology, single-species production Guimo school principal products are basically three types of medicine, dosage form, backward technology, low level of quality standards, a high-quality second class drug rare, new dosage forms such as injections, pills, aerosols and other developed slowly. In the export structure, the international market every year up to 10 billion U.S. dollars sales of proprietary Chinese medicines, but still an annual increase rate of more than 10%, while the Chinese traditional medicine, in which only less than 4% share, and the main varieties are low processing, low value-added Chinese herbal medicine, Chinese herbal medicine exports in 1999, these varieties accounted for 64.7%, while the proprietary Chinese medicines and plant extracts falling instead of rising exports, the proportion of 15.4% and 20.2%. Third, the threat of Chinese Medicine Industry Japan and South Korea in the world drug market has formed a number of natural advantages Under the prospects of attracting industrial development of Chinese medicine, countries, especially Southeast Asia, Korea, Japan and other competing uses modern technology of Chinese medicine, Chinese herbal medicine to seize the international market often in Japan, "Chinese herbs" in GDP has more than 100 billion yen, of which drug preparations such as Pills, Tsumura Chailing soup successfully opened and occupied the international market, while Japan also Dajian herbal base and developed a large Chinese medicine development. At present the Korean market's more than 100 kinds of herbs commonly used, most of the country self-sufficient already, and many of the export supply. Korean ginseng is only an annual foreign exchange earnings reached 175 million U.S. dollars, has been higher than the participation of 10 times our garden. Japan, Korea and other countries of the proprietary Chinese medicines on the one hand with the reduction in tariffs to increase our proprietary Chinese medicines, Chinese patent medicine market, the impact on China, on the other hand will compete with the international herbal medicine market in China often they sound market operation mechanism, marketing strategy , management experience and advanced technology will bring our country a great threat to Chinese enterprises. Paying attention in many countries and regions, the development of natural medicine, herbal companies in the world are a large number Currently, the development of natural medicine has increasingly been the world attention. 124 countries around the world and regions have established various types of Chinese medicine institutions in Chinese medicine in Southeast Asia, Japan, Korea and other countries has been widely used, some European and American countries are also gradually improve the restrictions on Chinese medicine, some countries have of Chinese medicine into the health insurance area, and to be recognized in law. At the same time in the world herbal companies in large numbers, the United States has built dozens of large-scale herbal manufacturers, such as the existing international resources of these enterprises, production and development capabilities, there are a large sales network chains herbal group. Also in Western Europe, Japan, Korea and other regions and countries, with abundant capital, and development capability and advanced production technology and equipment production technology, basic research and quality control are superior to China, and to the international herbal medicine market is very competitive threat to the very traditional Chinese medicine industry. Currently, there are more than 170 companies, more than 40 research groups dedicated to natural medicine research and development, annual cost of 110 million. Large number of foreign enterprises to enter China pharmaceutical market, some to enter the domestic Chinese market With the progressive liberalization of China's medical market, the influx of foreign pharmaceutical companies, which especially is now more than 10 countries and regions, more than 40 kinds of natural medicine registration in China, annual imports of "foreign Chinese" on more than one 100 million U.S. dollars, "foreign Chinese" Chinese competition in the market with the severity of inconsiderable. Particular attention is to enter the Chinese market and overseas pharmaceutical companies, because of its abundant capital, advanced technologies and management experience, domestic enterprises will be tremendous pressure. Technical barriers to trade As the Chinese herbal medicines in the international arena has not yet formed a unified testing standards, our history of traditional production, processing and marketing methods become increasingly unsuited to the different needs of countries in the world. Domestic and international practice medicine the lack of quality standards, which is traditional Chinese medicine to enter the international market, the greatest obstacle. Mostly proprietary compound, stability is difficult to control; have excessive heavy metals, pesticide residues and other issues, far from Europe and the United States relating to drugs and even the basic requirements of food. These have become national Chinese medicine exports to China set up technical barriers to trade and hinder China's medicine industry in international competition reasons.