Compare Contrast Parenting Styles

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					“Parenting is a complex activity that includes many specific behaviors that work individually and together to influence child outcomes” ( For a new parent, deciding how to raise their child can be a difficult choice to make. However, there are two main approaches to parenting that they can consider. By comparing these two types, Authoritative and Authoritarian, that choice can be made more easily and clearly. “The construct of parenting style is used to capture normal variations in parents’ attempts to control and socialize their children” ( Authoritative parents center their attention on the encouragement of the child’s independence. There is usually an open communication pattern between the child and parent. The parent explains rules and why those rules are important to the child thoroughly for complete understanding. They also help the child make their own decisions and choices, instead of doing it for them or telling them what to do. However, “Authoritarian parents expect much of their child but do not explain the rules at all, unlike the Authoritative parent” (Wikipedia). They have high expectations for their child, and put these expectations upon them with little explanation or reasoning. These parents are more likely to physically punish their child, such as smacking them on the bottom or grabbing them forcefully, than Authoritative parents. They demand obedience without question, and the child has little or no freedom. There are many negative effects of the Authoritarian parenting style. These children are usually socially withdrawn and have trouble making decisions on their own. Some will rebel from their parents as they grow older, because they feel as if they are being too controlled. There

is also more of a risk for these children to engage in drinking and drug related activities than children of other parenting types. “Children and adolescents from authoritarian families (high in demandingness, but low in responsiveness) tend to perform moderately well in school and be uninvolved in problem behavior, but they have poorer social skills, lower self-esteem, and higher levels of depression” ( In retrospect, children raised by an Authoritative style of parenting usually grow up to be successful and happy young adults. They are able to make decisions on their own, have higher self-esteems, higher levels of independence, and are more willing to be generous to others. These children tend to be more successful in both schooling and social settings. “This is the most recommended style of parenting by child-rearing experts, and it is also the most common one used in the world today” ( By doing the proper research on parenting styles, it becomes obvious that only one of these works the best. Authoritarian children may rise above the others when it comes to discipline, but Authoritative children grow up in a healthy environment with a complete understanding of who they are and what they have the potential to be in life.

Works Cited “Parenting Style and Its Correlates.” Continuing Education. 2008. 5 Nov. 2008 <> “Parenting Styles.” Parenting Styles. 5 Nov. 2008. <>

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