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Air freight - Sea freight

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					Air freight - Sea freight
Ocean freight
1. Heavy Lift
(1) the noun: 1. Basic Rate (BASIC RATE), is the registration fee for
each unit (such as a freight tons) of goods the basic shipping charge.
There was a hierarchy of basic rate rate rate of cargo types, ad
valorem rates, special rates and uniform rates of the points. Liner
shipping is a basic shipping and additional charges of two parts. 2.
Surcharge (SURCHARGES): In order to maintain the stability of base
rate in a given period, but also accurately reflect the variety of
goods to Hong Kong shipping costs, shipping companies in addition to
the basic rate, but also provides a variety of expenses.
Are: (1) fuel surcharge (BUNKER SURCHARGE OR BUNKER ADJUSTMENT FACTOR
- BAF). In the sudden rise in fuel prices when the subject. (2)
currency depreciation surcharge (DEVALUATION SURCHARGE OR CURRENCY
ADJUSTMENT FACTOR - CAF). In currency devaluation, real income will
not ship to reduce tariffs by a certain percentage of the basic
subject of the surcharge. (3) transshipment surcharge (TRANSHIPMENT
SURCHARGE). All the goods shipped to Hong Kong non-essential, to be
shipped to the purpose of transfer Hong Kong, an additional fee for
the ship, including the transfer and two-way shipping freight charges.
(4) direct surcharge (DIRECT ADDITIONAL). When the goods shipped to
Hong Kong non-essential to reach a certain volume of the shipping
company can arrange flights transhipment to the port when not subject
to the surcharge. (5) overweight surcharge (HEAVY LIFT ADDITIONAL)
transportation expenses (LONG LENGTH ADDITIONAL) and large surcharges
(SURCHARGE OF BULKY CARGO). When the length of a gross weight of cargo
or freight or volume exceeded or reached the values in this provision
are subject to additional fees. (6) Port Surcharge (PORT ADDITIONAL OR
PORT SUECHARGE). Some of the port handling the equipment, poor or low
efficiency, and other reasons, shipping companies are subject to
additional fees. (7) Port Congestion Surcharge (PORT CONGESTION
SURCHARGE). Some of the crowded port, ship berthing time, subject to
the surcharge increase. (8) Select Port Surcharge (OPTIONAL
SURCHARGE). Shipping cargo unloaded in Hong Kong fashion is not
determined to require a pre-made in two or more ports to select a port
of discharge, the vessel subject to additional fees. (9) Change the
port of discharge surcharge (ALTERNATIONAL OF DESTINATION CHARGE) the
original owner of the goods to change the provisions of the Hong Kong
and Hong Kong, the relevant authorities (such as customs) to allow,
without the consent of the ship and are subject to additional fees.
(10) deviation surcharge (DEVIATION SURCHARGE). Blocked the normal
flight path impassable, the ship must pass before the goods to the
destination, the ship had charged an additional fee.
(2) freight Standard (BASIS / UNIT FOR FREIGHT CALCULATION): usually
by weight of the goods; according to size or volume of goods; by cargo
weight or size, select one shipping charge, whichever is higher
freight; FOB value of goods received by a certain percentage of As a
fee, called the ad valorem freight; per unit, a unit of income; by the
cargo shipping charge an agreed price between the two parties, known
as bargaining.
(3) freight steps: (1) Select the relevant tariffs; (2) According to
the goods, found in the cargo freight classification standard table
(BASIS) and level (CLASS); (3) in the level of fees some of the basic
rate rate table, find the appropriate route, departure port,
destination port, found at the basic level of tariffs.
(4) and then find out all the parts from the surcharge due from (to)
and the amount of additional fee (or percentage) and currencies; (5)
According to the basic rate and calculate the actual tariff
surcharges; (6) freight = X shipping tons of freight
2. Chartering of freight:
Some provisions in the charter contract process freight rates,
according to the weight or volume per unit of goods of certain
amounts; some provisions of the entire ship packages (LUMPSUM
FREIGHT). Rate is mainly determined by the level of supply and demand
in the charter market, but also with the transport distance, type of
goods, loading and unloading rate, port use, handling charges and
commissions by the relevant level. The contract of freight by shipping
weight (INTAKEN QUANTITY) or discharge weight (DELIVERED QUANTITY)
calculations, freight is prepaid or collect, must be prescribed.
Particular attention is to meet the shipping time is the owner of the
date of receipt, not the charterer to pay date.
Handling costs by law: (1) ship the burden of handling charges (GROSS
OR LINER OR BERTH TERMS), also known as "liner terms." (2)
Ship does not pay handling charges (FREE IN AND OUT - FIO) with the
conditions, but also a clear stowage and trimming costs who pays fees.
Generally provide that the burden of the charterer, the ship is not
the burden of handling, stowage and trimming costs conditions (FREE IN
AND OUT, STOWED, TRIMMED - FIOST). (3) whether the ship unloading tube
(FREE OUT - FO) conditions. (4) whether the ship unloading pipe
installed (FREE IN - FI) conditions.
3. Container shipping freight
Currently, sea cargo container inland freight tariff system more
mature. Basically divided into two categories, one is Xi Yong bulk
cargo shipping method, that is, per metric ton unit (commonly known as
bulk price), and the other is for the billing unit for each container
(commonly known as the package price box .)
1. Pieces of cargo base rate plus surcharge:
(1) base rate - with reference to the traditional break-bulk cargo
freight, the freight ton unit, the majority of routes, rates by grade.
(2) an additional fee - in addition to traditional grocery routine
received an additional fee, but also some additional container cargo
transport-related surcharges.
2. Packet box rates (BOX RATE): The rate for each container as a
billing unit, commonly used in the case of container shipment, the
CFS-CY or CY-CY terms of the common package case rates have the
following three forms:
(1) FAK Boxes rates (FREIGHT FOR ALL KINDS) - that is not broken down
inside the container for each class of goods, excluding the volume
(within limits in the important), collect the tariffs.
(2) FCS Boxes rates (FREIGHT FOR CLASS) - developed by different
levels of goods Boxes rates, general cargo containers and general
cargo transport sub-classification method, as is still the 1-20 level,
but container goods rate difference is much less than grocery-class
rate differentials, generally lower fees than traditional container
transport, high-priced cargo containers less than traditional
transport; the same class of goods, higher than the volume of heavy
freight cargo freight container prices. Visible, high-priced shipping
companies to encourage people to transport cargo and bulk cargo
packing. In this rate, the LCL freight transport as traditional, under
the name of Richard goods level, calculate the standard, and then to
set the appropriate rates, multiplied by the metric ton, which was
shipping.
(3) FCB Boxes rates (FREIGHT FOR CLASS or BASIS) - This is the class
of goods or goods in different classes and to calculate the
standard-setting rates.
Calculation of air freight
(A) the chargeable weight: airline provides cargo small, large,
according to the actual weight; bulky goods, the weight of hours, by
volume. When the concentration of shipment, shipment of goods by
several pieces of different composition, with light bulbs also have
heavy cargo shipment. The chargeable weight is applied in the bulk of
the total gross weight or volume of the total weight of the higher by
two factors, a calculation.
(B) the type of airline rates and charges
1. Rates (RATES): the provisions of the carrier for transport of goods
on a unit of weight (or volume) as freight charges. Freight between
the airport and the airport (AIRPORT TO AIRPORT) air costs, not
including the carrier, agent or other fees charged by the airport.
2. Freight (TRANSPORTATION CHARGES): obtained under the applicable
tariff terms the consignor or consignee shall pay the transportation
costs of each shipment as freight.
3. Airways International Air Transport Association, according to the
three divisions of the rate of development of international air
freight charges. One of main guide to North America, Greenland, etc.;
II mainly refers to Europe, Africa, and Iran; three areas mainly
refers to Asia, Australia
4. The main air cargo freight rates are four categories: (1) general
cargo freight (GENERAL CARGO RATE "GCR"); (2) or the
designated goods of special cargo freight tariff (SPECIAL CARGO RATE;
SPECIFIC COMMODITY RATE "SCR "); (3) the level of goods
tariffs (CLASS RATE" CCR "); (4) container cargo freight
(UNITIZED CONSIGNMENTS RATE" UCR ")
(C) at least freight: the airlines for the lowest acceptable number of
shipping the goods, regardless of the size of the weight or volume of
goods, transport group of goods between two points should be charged
the minimum amount. At least in different regions have different
shipping costs.
(D) The other provisions of tariffs: a variety of air freight and
charges have the following in common: 1. Tariff is from one airport to
another airport. But only for a single direction. 2. Does not include
other additional costs. Such as delivery, customs clearance, delivery
and warehousing costs connected. 3. Rates are usually published in
local currency. 4. Tariffs are generally computed in terms of
kilograms or pounds. 5. Air Waybill in the tariff is based on the date
of the consignment note issued by the applicable tariff.

				
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