Air freight - Sea freight Ocean freight 1. Heavy Lift (1) the noun: 1. Basic Rate (BASIC RATE), is the registration fee for each unit (such as a freight tons) of goods the basic shipping charge. There was a hierarchy of basic rate rate rate of cargo types, ad valorem rates, special rates and uniform rates of the points. Liner shipping is a basic shipping and additional charges of two parts. 2. Surcharge (SURCHARGES): In order to maintain the stability of base rate in a given period, but also accurately reflect the variety of goods to Hong Kong shipping costs, shipping companies in addition to the basic rate, but also provides a variety of expenses. Are: (1) fuel surcharge (BUNKER SURCHARGE OR BUNKER ADJUSTMENT FACTOR - BAF). In the sudden rise in fuel prices when the subject. (2) currency depreciation surcharge (DEVALUATION SURCHARGE OR CURRENCY ADJUSTMENT FACTOR - CAF). In currency devaluation, real income will not ship to reduce tariffs by a certain percentage of the basic subject of the surcharge. (3) transshipment surcharge (TRANSHIPMENT SURCHARGE). All the goods shipped to Hong Kong non-essential, to be shipped to the purpose of transfer Hong Kong, an additional fee for the ship, including the transfer and two-way shipping freight charges. (4) direct surcharge (DIRECT ADDITIONAL). When the goods shipped to Hong Kong non-essential to reach a certain volume of the shipping company can arrange flights transhipment to the port when not subject to the surcharge. (5) overweight surcharge (HEAVY LIFT ADDITIONAL) transportation expenses (LONG LENGTH ADDITIONAL) and large surcharges (SURCHARGE OF BULKY CARGO). When the length of a gross weight of cargo or freight or volume exceeded or reached the values in this provision are subject to additional fees. (6) Port Surcharge (PORT ADDITIONAL OR PORT SUECHARGE). Some of the port handling the equipment, poor or low efficiency, and other reasons, shipping companies are subject to additional fees. (7) Port Congestion Surcharge (PORT CONGESTION SURCHARGE). Some of the crowded port, ship berthing time, subject to the surcharge increase. (8) Select Port Surcharge (OPTIONAL SURCHARGE). Shipping cargo unloaded in Hong Kong fashion is not determined to require a pre-made in two or more ports to select a port of discharge, the vessel subject to additional fees. (9) Change the port of discharge surcharge (ALTERNATIONAL OF DESTINATION CHARGE) the original owner of the goods to change the provisions of the Hong Kong and Hong Kong, the relevant authorities (such as customs) to allow, without the consent of the ship and are subject to additional fees. (10) deviation surcharge (DEVIATION SURCHARGE). Blocked the normal flight path impassable, the ship must pass before the goods to the destination, the ship had charged an additional fee. (2) freight Standard (BASIS / UNIT FOR FREIGHT CALCULATION): usually by weight of the goods; according to size or volume of goods; by cargo weight or size, select one shipping charge, whichever is higher freight; FOB value of goods received by a certain percentage of As a fee, called the ad valorem freight; per unit, a unit of income; by the cargo shipping charge an agreed price between the two parties, known as bargaining. (3) freight steps: (1) Select the relevant tariffs; (2) According to the goods, found in the cargo freight classification standard table (BASIS) and level (CLASS); (3) in the level of fees some of the basic rate rate table, find the appropriate route, departure port, destination port, found at the basic level of tariffs. (4) and then find out all the parts from the surcharge due from (to) and the amount of additional fee (or percentage) and currencies; (5) According to the basic rate and calculate the actual tariff surcharges; (6) freight = X shipping tons of freight 2. Chartering of freight: Some provisions in the charter contract process freight rates, according to the weight or volume per unit of goods of certain amounts; some provisions of the entire ship packages (LUMPSUM FREIGHT). Rate is mainly determined by the level of supply and demand in the charter market, but also with the transport distance, type of goods, loading and unloading rate, port use, handling charges and commissions by the relevant level. The contract of freight by shipping weight (INTAKEN QUANTITY) or discharge weight (DELIVERED QUANTITY) calculations, freight is prepaid or collect, must be prescribed. Particular attention is to meet the shipping time is the owner of the date of receipt, not the charterer to pay date. Handling costs by law: (1) ship the burden of handling charges (GROSS OR LINER OR BERTH TERMS), also known as "liner terms." (2) Ship does not pay handling charges (FREE IN AND OUT - FIO) with the conditions, but also a clear stowage and trimming costs who pays fees. Generally provide that the burden of the charterer, the ship is not the burden of handling, stowage and trimming costs conditions (FREE IN AND OUT, STOWED, TRIMMED - FIOST). (3) whether the ship unloading tube (FREE OUT - FO) conditions. (4) whether the ship unloading pipe installed (FREE IN - FI) conditions. 3. Container shipping freight Currently, sea cargo container inland freight tariff system more mature. Basically divided into two categories, one is Xi Yong bulk cargo shipping method, that is, per metric ton unit (commonly known as bulk price), and the other is for the billing unit for each container (commonly known as the package price box .) 1. Pieces of cargo base rate plus surcharge: (1) base rate - with reference to the traditional break-bulk cargo freight, the freight ton unit, the majority of routes, rates by grade. (2) an additional fee - in addition to traditional grocery routine received an additional fee, but also some additional container cargo transport-related surcharges. 2. Packet box rates (BOX RATE): The rate for each container as a billing unit, commonly used in the case of container shipment, the CFS-CY or CY-CY terms of the common package case rates have the following three forms: (1) FAK Boxes rates (FREIGHT FOR ALL KINDS) - that is not broken down inside the container for each class of goods, excluding the volume (within limits in the important), collect the tariffs. (2) FCS Boxes rates (FREIGHT FOR CLASS) - developed by different levels of goods Boxes rates, general cargo containers and general cargo transport sub-classification method, as is still the 1-20 level, but container goods rate difference is much less than grocery-class rate differentials, generally lower fees than traditional container transport, high-priced cargo containers less than traditional transport; the same class of goods, higher than the volume of heavy freight cargo freight container prices. Visible, high-priced shipping companies to encourage people to transport cargo and bulk cargo packing. In this rate, the LCL freight transport as traditional, under the name of Richard goods level, calculate the standard, and then to set the appropriate rates, multiplied by the metric ton, which was shipping. (3) FCB Boxes rates (FREIGHT FOR CLASS or BASIS) - This is the class of goods or goods in different classes and to calculate the standard-setting rates. Calculation of air freight (A) the chargeable weight: airline provides cargo small, large, according to the actual weight; bulky goods, the weight of hours, by volume. When the concentration of shipment, shipment of goods by several pieces of different composition, with light bulbs also have heavy cargo shipment. The chargeable weight is applied in the bulk of the total gross weight or volume of the total weight of the higher by two factors, a calculation. (B) the type of airline rates and charges 1. Rates (RATES): the provisions of the carrier for transport of goods on a unit of weight (or volume) as freight charges. Freight between the airport and the airport (AIRPORT TO AIRPORT) air costs, not including the carrier, agent or other fees charged by the airport. 2. Freight (TRANSPORTATION CHARGES): obtained under the applicable tariff terms the consignor or consignee shall pay the transportation costs of each shipment as freight. 3. Airways International Air Transport Association, according to the three divisions of the rate of development of international air freight charges. One of main guide to North America, Greenland, etc.; II mainly refers to Europe, Africa, and Iran; three areas mainly refers to Asia, Australia 4. The main air cargo freight rates are four categories: (1) general cargo freight (GENERAL CARGO RATE "GCR"); (2) or the designated goods of special cargo freight tariff (SPECIAL CARGO RATE; SPECIFIC COMMODITY RATE "SCR "); (3) the level of goods tariffs (CLASS RATE" CCR "); (4) container cargo freight (UNITIZED CONSIGNMENTS RATE" UCR ") (C) at least freight: the airlines for the lowest acceptable number of shipping the goods, regardless of the size of the weight or volume of goods, transport group of goods between two points should be charged the minimum amount. At least in different regions have different shipping costs. (D) The other provisions of tariffs: a variety of air freight and charges have the following in common: 1. Tariff is from one airport to another airport. But only for a single direction. 2. Does not include other additional costs. Such as delivery, customs clearance, delivery and warehousing costs connected. 3. Rates are usually published in local currency. 4. Tariffs are generally computed in terms of kilograms or pounds. 5. Air Waybill in the tariff is based on the date of the consignment note issued by the applicable tariff.
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