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									  R E S E A R C H                      ∞        L E A R N I N G                        ∞       F E L L O W S H I P


  Larimer County Genealogical Society
                   Celebrating                                                                   35 Years
              Volume 29 Number 1                                                            January/February 2009

                                                                                           In This Issue...                   Page
                     Events Calendar                                                       Ramblings from Ken                    2
Regular meetings are held on the 3rd Thursday at 6:30 p.m. in
                                                                                           Let’s Go Site-Seeing                  3
the Community Room of the Harmony Public Library at 4616 S.
Shields Street (Front Range College Campus West Side)                                      Society News                          4
**January 6: Family Tree Maker Users Group - 7 pm
Harmony Public Library in the Community Room                                               Annual Board Elections                5
FTM 2009 software basics review presented by Bob Larson
See page three for class information.
                                                                                           Stories Of A Lifetime                 6
January 8: Weld County Genealogical Society, Greeley - 7 pm
Centennial Park Branch Library, 2227 23rd Avenue
Program: Scrapbooking by Ila Leavy & Judy Atkinson.                                        Technology Corner                     7

January 13: Cheyenne GHS meeting - 6:30 pm
Laramie County Library, 2200 Pioneer Avenue
Program: “Look in Your Own Backyard!” presented by Sue Seniawski
                                                                                             Program Highlights
Presentation is on the genealogy collections at the new Cheyenne Library.              January 15 Program: Our annual meeting
                                                                                                    includes Volunteer of the Year
**January 15: Larimer County Genealogical Society - 6:30 pm                                         award, a raffle drawing for sev-
Harmony Public Library in the Community Room
Program: 2008 society highlights video presentation and dessert social                              eral great prize, the election of
See program highlights for details.                                                                 new officers, President’s mes-
                                                                                                    sage, special video presentations
**February 4: Family Tree Maker Users Group - 6:30 pm                                  of our 2008 society highlights plus the recent
Fort Collins Main Public Library in the Ben Delatour Room                              colorful Beijing Olympics pictorial high-
FTM 2009 software basics review presented by Bob Larson                                lights, and our famous dessert social event.
See page three for class information.                                                  Bring a friend for a great evening of fellow-
                                                                                       ship, entertainment, dessert, and prizes! See
February 10: Cheyenne GHS meeting - 6:30 pm
Laramie County Library, 2200 Pioneer Avenue                                            page five for the list of officers being elected
Program: The Wyoming Newspaper Digitization Project” presented by Wyoming              in 2009.
State Library.
                                                                                       February 19 Program: Sharon Greenlee
**February 19: Larimer County Genealogical Society - 6:30 pm                                           will present “Writing to Cap-
Harmony Public Library in the Community Room                                                           ture Memories for Your Chil-
Program: “Writing to Capture Memories for Your Children and Grandchildren”                             dren and Grandchildren.” She
presented by Sharon Greenlee. Please see program highlights for details.                               will discuss various stories to
February 21: Colorado Genealogical Society DNA Seminar - 10 am                                         include in your family story to
Denver Public Library, Lower Level Conference Center                                                   make it both interesting and
One day seminar on DNA and Federal Records presented                                   entertaining. If you’re planning on writing
by national speakers Thomas (MD) & Patricia (CG) Shawker                               any family history, this will be a great learn-
Cost: $30 per person. Please register with Carol Darrow at 303-287-6063                ing experience for you!
or Lou-Jean Rehn at 303-333-2492 or at www.cogensoc.us/cgsevents.htm.                     Sharon is a Fort Collins Counselor and an
                                                                                       author of two books. She has conducted
**June 12-13, Colorado Family History Expo, Loveland
Two day conference at the new Embassy Suites on The Ranch fairgrounds. Over            workshops on "Writing to Capture Happy
25 national and local speakers will present 50 classes plus over 40 vendor exhibits.   Childhood Memories," writing for self-
Please register at www.fhexpos.com. Cost: $65 for the two day expo.                    understanding and peace of mind plus sev-
                                                                                       eral for children and teens. She is an elemen-
                  All programs are FREE unless noted and                               tary school teacher and counselor and does
            the public and friends are cordially invited to attend.                    special classes at University levels.

                      Visit our updated website: www.lcgsco.org
  January/February 2009                                                                  Larimer County Genealogical Society

  LARIMER COUNTY GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OFFICERS                                                     Ramblings
President
Vice President
                             Ken Goldsberry
                             Open
                                                     663-6698
                                                                                                   from Ken
Treasurer                    Paul Smith              613-1930
Recording Secretary          Carol Stetser           495-1132                               It was almost five years ago that Ty Curtis,
Corresponding Secretary      Hap Hazard              484-9194                               was the last President of LCGS. He had
Board Member                 Ceil Damschroder        226-2164
                                                                       replaced Ceil Damschroder, who had guided the Society to
Board Member                 Len Ray                 282-0915
                                                                       new horizons and Ty was keeping us on the same path. New
                     COMMITTEE CHAIRS                                  members were coming on board and many of them volunteer-
                                                                       ing to exercise their passions of working to make the Society
Archival                     Sonny Hygh              204-1460          function more and more. Several present committee members
Council Representative       Marilyn Rudd            484-1197          have been involved for years...and please join me in a big
Education                    Robert Larson           225-0491          thank you to them for their tireless work. A few volunteers
Hospitality                  Open                                      have come and gone...but left their mark on a still growing
LDS Contact                  Pat Johnson             482-3385
                                                                       society. Today, we have several Board members and commit-
Membership                   Jan Hygh                204-1460
                                                                       tee chairs and members who were active in other genealogical
Publications                 Hap Hazard              484-9194          societies across the nation. I thank them for their many contri-
Publicity                    Kathy Patrick           206-1664          butions that have helped make the LCGS more useful and
Recycle Table                Cathi Smith             613-1930          continue to grow. On the other hand, there are several mem-
Researcher-Ft. Collins       Carol Stetser           495-1132          bers that were active in other organizations and they too have
Researcher-Loveland          Al Boswell              669-8766          volunteered and provided outstanding contributions.
                     NEWSLETTER STAFF                                     At this point, I want to encourage all of our members to
Editor                    Robert Larson              225-0491          step up to the plate when there is an opportunity. As our Soci-
Publisher                 Kareen Whatley             377-0520          ety grows, so will the need for more members to become in-
Distribution              Julia Hillen               482-5957          volved. One simple way to assist is to participate in the BAG
                                                                       program...that means Bring A Guest...or obtain some calling
 Larimer County Genealogical Society meets at 6:30 p.m. on             cards from Hap Hazard, our Corresponding Secretary, then
 the third Thursday of each month (except no meeting in                create a conversation with anyone you happen to contact and
 December) at the Harmony Public Library, Community Meeting            find out if they have worked on their family history...open the
 Room, 4616 So. Shields Street in Fort Collins, CO.                    door with conversation and follow it up with a LCGS card
 Dues are $18 per year for an individual or $27 per year for a
                                                                       and invite them to a meeting.
 family.                                                                  The 2008 Holiday Adventure Dinner was hampered a little
                                                                       by the weather. The snow had stopped, but the temperature
 The newsletter is published six times a year. Please submit all
                                                                       was less than freezing, but the 30 attendees out of the 70 that
 articles and announcements to the newsletter committee at
 email address: newsletter_editor@lcgsco.org or to our                 signed up had a great time. Over $1000 of gifts were donated
 mailing address below.                                                for the raffle, $1 raffle tickets were sold, and an HP printer, a
                                                                       1 year World Deluxe Membership to Ancestry.com and 1 free
 Mailing Address: Larimer County Genealogical Society
                                                                       admission to the Family History Expo (12-13 June at the Em-
                      PO Box 270737,                                   bassy Suites at the “Ranch”) were the top donations. We will
                 Ft Collins, CO 80527-0737                             have about 20 donations to raffle at the January meeting.
                                                                          You will hear more about it every month...but the June 12-
                  Web page: www.lcgsco.org                             13 Colorado Family History Expo is something every person
                                                                       interested in their family history or genealogical connections
                                                                       will want to attend. There is room for 2000 people and this
                                                                       exciting activity will bring people from 100's of miles around
      Family History Center News                                       us. Yes, our Society will be asked to help in many ways...and
                by Pat Johnson                                         most or perhaps all of the volunteer positions will have free
                                                                       admission...so mark the dates on your calendar and raise your
                                                                       hand! ! !
Family History Center contact info:
Fort Collins hours at 226-5955 (closed Dec 22-Jan 6)                      Also, the trip to the Salt Lake Family History Library has
Loveland hours at 669-6498                                             been moved to September. Fantastic arrangements are being
                                                                       made...and it will be open to other society members in South-
TIP: Go to http://familysearch.org and choose “Search                  ern Wyoming and Northern Colorado. Watch for the final
Records.” The drop down menu directs you to “Record Search             dates...and the total program.
Pilot”. Even though this was mentioned last time, it is a good            Well..that’s 30...A big thank you again and please con-
thing to go here frequently to see what has been added since           tinue to support your new President and Board.
you last visited. When you see the World Map, just select                        Happy Digging, Ken Goldsberry , President
“View all databases” to see the list. It continues to grow.

                                                                   2
  January/February 2009                                                                  Larimer County Genealogical Society

                                          Let’s Go Site-Seeing!
                   More states and cities are posting their online databases on the Internet. Many of these databases include land
                   records, other county courthouse or city records, etc. The State of Virginia recently added new databases to their
                   Library of Virginia website, www.lva.lib.va.us which includes a new feature “Burned Record Counties Data-
                   base” along with notes on the counties that have suffered loss of records due to Civil War and other natural dis-
                   aster since the 17th century. The LVA offers many rolls of microfilm via interlibrary loan. So check out the li-
                   brary for the many different available records. (Internet Genealogy Magazine January 2009)

The city of Chicago recently added their vital records databases online at www.cookcountygenealogy.com. Ultimately, their web-
site will include birth certificates over 75 years old, marriages over 50 years old, and death certificates over 20 years old. The fa-
mous Chicago fire of 1871, erroneously started by Mrs. O’Leary’s cow, destroyed all records prior to 1871. To search their web-
site, you must register, which is quick and painless, then search their databases. If you locate a desired record, the cost is $15 plus
credit card charge. You can download the record image after payment is completed. More cities and counties are doing this for ad-
ditional revenue and using employees for more important tasks other than research. More records will be added each week.
(Internet Genealogy magazine January 2009)

More and more older newspapers are being digitized across the world! The famous London Gazette published their first newspaper
in 1665. This is the official newspaper of the United Kingdom and still is in operation today as the world’s oldest English language
newspaper. You can search their newspaper archives for FREE at www.gazettes-online.co.uk. It’s not quite the newspaper in
terms of personal articles, but has more government related articles. (Internet Genealogy Magazine January 2009)


                                            Genealogy Tidbits
                            Preservation Tip of the Month--Photo & Scrapbook Albums
                                        by Becky Schipper with Allen County Public Library
For those of you purchasing photo and scrapbook albums for yourself or others, be certain that you purchase materials that are acid
free or archival quality. Not all materials are photo safe or acid free, and this includes paper, adhesives, photo corners, stickers,
markers, and pens. Use only products that are labeled as archival quality or acid free.

Acid causes paper and photos to disintegrate. The pH for acid free paper should be 7 or above. There are inexpensive testing pens
that allow you to check for acidity. They can be purchased at most art supply stores and online. The one that I use here at the ACPL
is an "Abbey pH Pen." They sell for around $5.00. If you want to include newspaper articles and or announcements in your album,
photocopy them on acid–free paper as newspaper is very acidic.

                                                 Retirement Records Online
Did you know retirement records are available most everywhere? Besides the Social Security records since 1937 at
www.socialsecurity.gov for a fee, there are the railroad retirement records at www.rrb.gov, military records and Civilian Conser-
vation Corps records at National Archives at www.nara.gov, not to mention trade union records available at the different union
headquarters, and finally state government retirement records available through each state’s, county, and city retirement boards.
(From Internet Genealogy Magazine January 2009)



                           Family Tree Maker Users Group
The January 6 class will discuss the new FTM 2009 software beginning with the new Windows Vista ribbon menu format, the
new screens, navigating the newly designed toolbars, details of the File and Help menu items, and entering family information into
the family templates. Handouts will be available. Location: Harmony Public Library Community Room at 7 pm.

The February 4 class will discuss exploring the different workspaces and building your family tree. Exploring the seven different
workplace tabs on the main toolbar allows users to navigate between planning, people, places, media, sources, publishing and web
search. We’ll discuss each of these in detail. Handouts will be available. Location: Fort Collins Main Library Ben Delatour Room
at 6:30 pm.

                                                                   3
  January/February 2009                                                                         Larimer County Genealogical Society

                                                       Society News
                                                             Membership News
Please welcome new members: Katherine Eberhard from Fort Collins and Carol Diaczun from Loveland!

                Loveland Public Library & LCGS Sponsors Scanners & Digital Cameras Workshop
                                 Over 25 genealogists and photographers attended our three hour workshop on Scanners & Digital Cameras spon-
                                 sored by the Loveland Public Library last October. Thanks to Jackie Kietzmann, LCGS Member and the li-
                                 brary’s adult programming supervisor for coordinating the event and Paul Smith, our society treasurer and tech-
                                 nologist, for presenting the workshop.

                                 Paul discussed digital camera and scanner technology fundamentals, researching and buying digital cameras and
                                 scanners, downloading, editing, filing, and organizing pictures and documents. He discussed the different features
                                 and options available on digital cameras and flatbed or all in one scanners/printers and finally, Paul gave several
                                 tips on using digital cameras and scanners to obtain great pictures and documents.


                                         LCGS Hosts Annual Holiday Adventure Dinner
Over 30 members and their spouses attended the popular Holiday Adventure Dinner held on December 4 at the Golden Corral Restaurant in Fort
Collins. President Ken Goldsberry gave several genealogy related stories after dinner. Members Fran Ek, Jan Hygh, Roger Long, and Gwen
Kelly gave humorous genealogy quips or stories followed by banjo music entertainment with Carrie Graves. Members and their spouses drew for
raffle prizes donated by several retailers including several restaurants at Applebee's, Olive Garden, Café Vino, 3 Margaritas, and Carrabbas includ-
ing an annual subscription from Ancestry, Family History Expo tickets, HP printer from Office Depot, and everyone received coupons from Cold
Stone Creamery. See the 2008 society highlights video for more dinner highlights at our January meeting and on our website in February.




       John Rinne with Santa prize                  President Ken Goldsberry with Carrie Graves               Cathi Smith with Ancestry prize


                                Mary Joy Hauk Receives 2008 Volunteer of the Year Award!
                             The Board approved the Education Committee’s nomination of Mary Joy Hauk as our Volunteer of the Year award
                             for 2008! Mary Joy became our first LCGS volunteer to receive this distinguished award. She has always been an
                             admirable volunteer for our society since joining in 1991.

                             Mary Joy was our Treasurer for two terms, filling in for Janet Lake, who passed away unexpectedly in 2003. She
                             started the Family Tree Maker Users Group in 2003 besides managing several research projects with key research
                             leaders in getting our latest county marriage, county divorce, and Wellington cemetery books published in 2006. She
                             volunteered as a helper at several workshops and for booth duty at the Victorian Sunday in the Park last June and
                             September’s Cemetery Stroll events. Besides all these activities, she volunteers for other groups too. Mary Joy re-
                             ceived a certificate and a magazine subscription for receiving the first ever distinguished award at our December holi-
                             day dinner and recognition at the January meeting. Congratulations Mary Joy!

A personal note from Mary Joy: My thanks to the LCGS Board for the Volunteer of the Year Award. Also thanks to all of you who have worked
with me on various projects - we've got a lot done and had some fun too. Hope to work with you again on some future project. The more of us that
get involved, the better our club will be and the more each of you will get out of the club. THANKS AGAIN!!!!!

                                                                         4
 January/February 2009                                                                Larimer County Genealogical Society

                                   Annual Board Elections
                      Nominating Committee Selects Three New Officers for 2009
The Nominating Committee in 2008 (Carol Stetser & Barbara Sullivan) presented their recommendations to the Board last No-
vember for President, Corresponding Secretary, and one Board Member At Large. Bob Larson is nominated for President, Hap
Hazard for Corresponding Secretary, and Pat Walker for Board Member At Large. President Ken Goldsberry will ask the
membership to approve the nominations at the general meeting on January 15. Other members can nominate any other member,
providing that member is willing to serve on the Board for two years. If more than one member is nominated for a certain posi-
tion, a ballot election is required. Bob will announce his Vice President’s choice replacing Len Ray, who stepped down last
March due to personal matters. Here’s a profile of our nominated officers.

                Robert (Bob) Larson for President. Bob was born in Casper, Wyoming to Lawrence and Gayle (Pierson) Lar-
                son. He graduated from high school in Billings, Montana and received his Associates Degree in Electronics Engi-
                neering Technology in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He worked for the Santa Fe Railway (now BNSF Railway)
                for three years in their communications department. While working at Motorola for 28 years in a number of posi-
                tions in engineering, sales and product marketing management, he received his Bachelors Degree in Marketing
                from National University in San Diego and his MBA Degree from Pepperdine University in Los Angeles. He
                started his own manufacturing company before retiring in 2006.

Bob traveled the world during his last six years for Motorola, visiting over 30 countries in Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, and
Central & South America working with many customers in marketing Motorola products. His hobbies include photography with
over 18,000 pictures in his library and of course, genealogy, where he speaks regularly to many societies and conferences in
Southern Wyoming and Northern Colorado besides teaching Family Tree Maker software classes since 2004. He published his
first family history book The Coffin Pierson Legacy in 2007 on his ancestors with the help of 30 cousins. He has held six different
chair positions in LCGS since joining in 2003.

                 Gordon “Hap” Hazard for Corresponding Secretary. Hap was born at Chanute Air Force Base, Illinois to
                 Oscar and Edith (Theye) Hazard. His father was a career Air Force officer, who was a survivor of the Pearl Har-
                 bor attack in Hawaii. The Hazard family lived in Illinois, Texas, and Hawaii during Hap’s first ten years. Fol-
                 lowing his father’s retirement, they settled in Belleville, Illinois and remained there until moving to Denver. Fol-
                 lowing his Air Force enlistment, Hap moved to Fort Collins in 1974 and received his BS Degree from CSU. He
                 retired from CSU in 2004, working as a Building Manager at the Student Center for 11 years and then worked
                 for 19 years as a University Conference Coordinator.

Hap had always had an interest in his family history, but not until the deaths of some family members in 2004, when the
“genealogy bug” really hit. Using information recorded by his late mother and late uncle as his starting point, he began research-
ing the Hazard, Gilpin, Theye, and Rector families. Hours spent on the Internet and trips to Kansas, Nebraska, Kentucky and Illi-
nois have provided more information and more surnames to research. Many future road trips are planned to meet with cousins and
visit cemeteries, libraries and courthouses. Hap has cheerfully served as Publications Chair and At Large Board Member since
joining our society in 2005.

                 Pat Walker for At Large Board Member. Patricia Walker was born in Alton, Illinois, the second child of
                 Harry and Eleanor Walker. The family left for Texas soon after Pat’s birth and she spent her childhood moving
                 back and forth between Texas and Connecticut. Although she got her degree from Colorado State University in
                 political science, she always worked in information systems jobs. Her newfound experience in genealogy re-
                 search and her love of history led Pat to a recent career change. She now works as a research assistant at the Fort
                 Collins Museum Local History Archive. Here she gets to help others with their research and be an active con-
                 tributor in preserving the history of the Larimer County area.

Always an avid historian and archivist, Pat’s interest in genealogy started in 2000 when her brother began having children. She
felt it was important to give her next generation a sense of where they came from. Since knowledge about the family tree was
pretty sparse, she began what was meant to be “a few months” of research on her four grandparents, none of whom she met. From
this ensued a passion for genealogy and family history. Pat joined our society in early 2008 and became our webmaster several
months later.
Editor’s Note: Thanks to our Nomination Committee and past Board members for their outstanding volunteer services!

                                                                 5
 January/February 2009                                                               Larimer County Genealogical Society

                                                                                  My Hammond Ancestors
                                                                                                       by
                                                                                                  Julia Hillen

                         My Grandpa, Shuyler Augustine Hammond, was born in 1870 at West Chester, Pennsylvania. His ances-
                         tors were Mennonites, who through religious persecution had been driven from Switzerland into Ger-
                         many and later came to North America and settled in the Mennonite communities of Pennsylvania.

                         In 1895, Schuyler Augustine Hammond married the daughter of George Leary Krebs, Ella Morris Krebs
                         of Baltimore, Maryland. They had six children, Dorothy, Margaret, Krebs, Hilda (my mother), Schuyler
                         Jr., and Ruth.

                         The family lived in Gettysburg, where Schuyler was a civil engineer for the city and also with the
                         "Battlefield Commission." He did much of the surveying and additions to the avenues of Gettysburg. He
helped design the Gettysburg National Military Park for our veterans. The family was very active in community affairs.

I remember grandpa walked into the room, carrying large sheets of blue paper rolled into a tube. He placed the papers on the table
and said, "I have something to show you." "Not now Grandpa," I replied, "I'm on my way to meet some friends, for a coke, at the
                                                     drug store" (I was silly-stupid and sixteen). It was a long time later that I
                                                     learned those blue papers Grandpa wanted to
                                                     show me were some of the original blue
                                                     prints for the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
                                                     He was a civil engineer and assisted Lt. Colo-
                                                     nel Cope, who was appointed to develop the
                                                     cemetery. The memorial plaque as shown
                                                     below lists their names at the bottom.

                                                       For health reasons, they moved to Denver,
                                                       Colorado in 1908. Schuyler continued to
                                                       work as a civil engineer and invested time
                                                       and money in a mine at Russell Gulch, Colo-
                                                       rado. These were happy times for the family.
        Shuyler & Ella (Krebs) Hammond 1895            My grandparents lived in a beautiful two-
                                                       story house in Denver. Grandpa carried lead-
ership roles at Trinity Methodist Church, the Masonic Lodge and was a member of the Sons of the         My mother Hilda 1908
American Revolution.

The stock market crash hit America hard. My grandparents had two daughters living at home. Times were tough, so they decided
to move to Fort Collins, Colorado. In July 1921, they bought a home and acreage
on the old LaPorte road (now named Overland Trail). The farm had a small lake
known as Lee Lake. Today, this area is known as Nedra Acres.

                                                         Grandpa belonged to
                                                         the Grange, a social
                                                         group dedicated to
                                                         bringing a better life to
                                                         farmers. I fondly re-
                                                         member the Grange had
                                                         a minstrel show during
                                                         Christmas time.
                                                         Grandpa and several
                                                         other farmers played
                                                         minstrels, a group of
                                                         actors and singers
                                                         dressed up as Negroes
                                                         with black faces. My      Memorial Plaque at Gettysburg National Cemetery
     Schuyler with sons Krebs & Shuyler Jr. 1910         grandpa and several
                                                                                   Stories Of A Lifetime...continued on next page

                                                                6
  January/February 2009                                                                Larimer County Genealogical Society
Stories Of A Lifetime...continued from previous page

other actors were sitting at a table eating pancakes during the show. One actor said to my grandpa, “Want some molasses?” My
grandpa jokingly responded, “Molasses, how can I say molasses when I have no-lasses?” I loved his minstrel show!

In 1930, my grandparents moved to Long Beach, California, just one block from the beach and ocean. They lived there long
enough to experience the Long Beach earthquake on March 10, 1933. Then the decision was made, they would live with their eld-
est son in Oildale, California. Both grandparents died in Oildale, Schuyler in 1952 and Ella died three years later.


                                          Technology Corner
                       NIST Guides Genetic Genealogy Labs Toward Improved Accuracy
              Anyone who has watched crime dramas on TV knows that forensic scientists can use DNA "profiling" to identify
              people from evidence gathered at a crime scene, establish a paternity link or help free an innocent person who has
              been wrongly jailed. A lesser known but rapidly growing application of DNA profiling is tracing a person's paternal
              ancestry - a process known as genetic genealogy. The laboratories performing this testing often differ in their results,
              making data comparison between labs difficult and casting doubt on reported genetic matches. Researchers at the
              National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently published a paper with recommendations for gene-
              alogy testing that they hope will improve the accuracy and reliability of the product.
A man's paternal lineage can be traced using the DNA on his Y chromosome (Y-DNA), which, like many European surnames,
passes from father to son. DNA profiling provides a genetic path that follows the surname through the years. Women who wish to
know their ancestry can ask their father, brother, paternal uncle or paternal grandfather to take the test for them.
Genetic genealogy works by studying the sequences of repeating nucleotide (the base components of DNA) patterns on the Y
chromosome known as short tandem repeats (STRs). Each STR is considered a separate marker for potential genetic matching
because the number of times it is repeated will be the same for related males. For example, a person may have one STR sequence
that repeats 12 times, another 11 times, a third 17 times and so on. If another male has a Y chromosome with a high percentage of
the same STRs, it is considered likely that they share a common ancestor. Accurately counting the number of repeats is a tricky
task and the source of much of the error in genetic genealogy tests, causing genealogists to make incorrect matches or miss family
connections altogether.
In their paper, the NIST researchers explain the basis for the differing interpretations and recommend a solution using the
agency's certified reference material for human Y-chromosome DNA profiling (Standard Reference Material 2395), a collection
of Y-STR markers that can serve as a means for genetic labs to calibrate their testing equipment. The researchers "strongly en-
courage [SRM 2395's] use to enable compatible and calibrated measurements to be made between different Y-STR testing labora-
tories." Their sentiment is echoed by an editorial in the Journal of Genetic Genealogy that says of the NIST paper, "The advantages
of having industry-wide standards are compelling for both buyers and sellers of genetic genealogy services."

Source: Michael E. Newman, www.nist.gov (Dick Eastman’s Online Newsletter December 30, 2008)



                                   Past Program Highlights
                       Carol Darrow, CG and President of Colorado Genealogical Society, presented November’s lecture on “The
                       Tax Man Cometh.” Carol mentioned that the census taker came every 10 years, but the tax collector came
                       every year. The tax records included not only the head of household, but also the assets that were taxed. The
                       assets usually included the property, personal possessions, slaves before the Civil War, and dwellings. So
                       why aren’t tax records used more in genealogy research? Carol explained not all tax records survived due to
                       war, natural disasters, fire, and carelessness. Some tax records are hard to read and probably weren’t micro-
                       filmed.

                         Many types of tax records are available including early land taxes since the early 1700s, poll or head taxes,
tithe taxes paid to the Church of England in Virginia, personal property taxes, land taxes, federal taxes and other miscellaneous
taxes by each state. The records are available online through Ancestry and other services, on microfilm and online via the Family
History Library, and state archives. So check the tax records for another great genealogy record source where your ancestors lived.

                                                                  7
                                  What’s new for 2009? See page 5.
                                                                                                       Address Correction Requested
                                                                                                            80527-0737
                                                                                                          Fort Collins, CO
                                                                                                          PO Box 270737
                                                                                                        Genealogical Society
                                                                                                          Larimer County
                                                   Genealogy Bookshelf Review
                                                         by Carol Stetser
                                                   Book and DVD: John Adams
                                                     By David McCullough
If you have Revolutionary War era ancestors, John Adams is a fascinating glimpse into that time. John Adams tends to get lost
between the more colorful George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, but, without him, the American Revolution may well have
failed. Since Adams was from Massachusetts, the book is especially interesting for those who have New England roots. David
McCullough is a well-known historical non-fiction writer whose earlier book 1776 about the same period is another great read.
Recently, HBO filmed a version of John Adams starring Paul Giamatti and Laura Linney as John and Abigail Adams. Ordinarily,
I prefer the original book to the film version, but in this case, if you only have time for one, watch the film. From the vantage of
over two hundred years, it’s difficult to understand what life really was like in the late 1700s.
The members of the Continental Congress sweated their way through a Philadelphia summer, and candlelight really didn’t illumi-
nate rooms very well. Even well-to-do people such as John Adams had terrible dental hygiene, and when people referred to
“Toothless Adams,” they really meant it! It wasn’t just a metaphor for his ineffectual policies. The movie captures the details of
everyday Revolutionary era life in all its grubby, sometimes bloody and ignorant glory. We all think we know what went into
writing the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, but this film lets us see back into history to the people who lived it.
I watched the film first and enjoyed it so much that I had to check out the book and delve even further. The book, an audio ver-
sion of the book and the HBO film are available from the Fort Collins Library, or they can be purchased from Amazon.com. The
Loveland Public Library also has the book and audio recording. The video can be rented from Blockbuster or other video rental
firms.

								
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