The Interrelationships of Business Functions and
Integration of Teaching and Learning
Critics of education in the 1980’s and 1990’s indicated the curricula in our schools are
too compartmentalized. Schools offer courses as ends in themselves, rather than
emphasizing various aspects of life that interrelate with one another. (National Standards
for Business Education, NBEA, 1995)
Because of the discipline orientation of the overall curricula, including the business
curriculum, compartmentalization can naturally occur. When teachers organize a
curriculum with no artificial boundaries between content areas, teachers and students
discover and uncover commonalities between the disciplines and students gain greater
understanding, retention and application.
Integrated or interdisciplinary curriculum is about finding connections among the
students, subject area content and the outside world. For transfer and understanding to
occur, students need to be consciously guided in their practice of recognizing, discussing
and applying concepts and skills across disciplines. In this way students will internalize
and then discover the nature of the connections in what they are studying.
It is important to recognize there is no single model for organizing curriculum for
integrated teaching and learning. Typically, integrated curriculum is developed by a team
of teachers who possess a depth of understanding of their content. These teams plan,
write integrated lessons, share ideas, develop materials and coach each other. This
approach to curriculum requires a personal belief in integrated curriculum and
commitment of school resources by administrators.
In 1995 the National Business Education Association saw the need to emphasize the
interrelationship of business subjects and published the Matrix of Interrelationships in the
National Business Education Standards. The format shows the interrelationship of facets
of business and provides classroom activities at the levels of analysis, application and
For example, in the Accounting matrix which follows, the teacher can emphasize the
interrelationship of accounting to marketing by selecting the example labeled
“marketing” in the accounting matrix. These activities will rely heavily on the accounting
function as it relates to marketing.
Matrix of Interrelationships of Accounting to Other Business Functions
Accounting careers require the ability to Accounting is affected by the form of Accounting provides vital information for
think logically and to manually and ownership pursued by an entrepreneur. management decisions.
electronically manipulate data. Analysis – Identify the differences in accounting Analysis – Investigate merchandise inventory
Analysis – Research an accounting career available procedures for sole proprietorships, partnerships and accounting principles that relate to budgetary
in the local community. corporations. decisions.
Application – Shadow a selected accounting career. Application – Compare/contrast format in financial Application – Calculate merchandise inventory
statement account titles for sole proprietorships, turnover ratios.
Impact – Make a decision about advanced training
partnerships, and corporations. Impact – Using calculated merchandise inventory
Impact – Determine financial reasons for specific data, prepare a presentation on a new management
firms being sole proprietorships, partnerships, or decision for the company.
Accounting statements communicate the Accounting functions are enhanced by a Accounting data drives marketing
financial health of a business. variety of information systems. decisions.
Analysis – Explain what financial statements Analysis – Using spreadsheet software, organize, Analysis – Analyze sales data.
communicate to readers. calculate, and complete an accounting financial Application – Determine the effect of changes in
Application – Write a narrative report explaining statement. sales volume, unit costs and unit sales prices on
data from a financial statement. Application – Make projections using “What if” net income.
Impact – In a presentation, substantiate a decision statements. Impact – Using calculated sales data, prepare a
based on financial data. Impact – Evaluate a business decision on presentation on a new management decision for
projections. the company.
Accounting helps in making decisions at the Accounting is the “language” of business Accounting data is an integral link in
margin. everywhere. determining manufacturing costs.
Analysis – Analyze costs and benefits of hiring one Analysis – Compare foreign currencies and Analysis – Identify the flow of costs through the
additional employee. determine how business affects exchange rate. manufacturing process.
Application – Create a graph of existing and Application – Use the newspaper or business Application – Calculate merchandise inventory
projected costs and benefits. magazines to research the value of currency of turnover ratios.
Impact – Support a decision for expenditure on the selected countries over a given period of time. Impact – Through debate, persuade a peer group
basis of data. Impact – Predict how internal business affairs in a to modify a production process.
given country will impact the economy and
exchange rate of that country.
Page 1 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Career Development to Other Business Functions
Many careers involve accounting knowledge The career choice with the most Career opportunities are available at
and practices. opportunities continues to be many levels of management.
Analysis – Give examples of current and emerging Analysis – Explore the levels of management in a
accounting careers and educational requirements. Analysis – Explore local entrepreneurial small, medium and large business organization in
Application – Interview an accountant regarding opportunities for minorities. your community.
responsibilities and preparation required for Application – Present research findings to local Application – Develop interview questions to
accounting-related careers. Chamber of Commerce. determine management responsibilities.
Impact – Make a decision about advanced training Impact – Recommend an opportunity for a minority Impact – Conduct interview and document
or employment opportunities. sole proprietorship in the local community. findings.
Career development is enhanced by effective Career knowledge has increased through the Career opportunities continue to expand
communication. use of information systems. in the field of marketing.
Analysis – Research various career paths. Analysis – Identify three ways to obtain career Analysis – Examine the marketing job
Application – Through shadowing, interview, or information using electronic information systems. opportunities in the sports or entertainment
survey, collect data on a chosen career path. Application – Obtain career information through a industry.
Impact – Select an appropriate high school course of selected electronic information system for one career Application – Research education/training
study to meet career requirements. path. requirements for emerging marketing careers.
Impact – Electronically follow and update a selected Impact – Prepare a presentation on a selected
career for one month. marketing career.
Career decisions are affected by economic Career opportunities have expanded to Career opportunities have expanded to
factors. encompass the globe. encompass the globe.
Analysis – Explore and explain why wages differ Analysis – Analyze costs and benefits of hiring one Analysis – Examine career opportunities in
from occupation to occupation. additional employee. manufacturing.
Application – Estimate the probable income from Application – Create a graph of existing and Application – Research education/training
careers of your choice and cost of preparing for projected costs and benefits. requirements for emerging manufacturing careers.
those careers. Impact – Support a decision for expenditure on the Impact – Make a decision about advanced
Impact – Appraise career choices by comparing the basis of data. training or employment opportunities.
cost of preparation to predicted income.
Page 2 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Communications to Other Business Functions
Communication skills can be used to Effective communication tools are essential in Communication provides advantageous
demonstrate accounting techniques and the entrepreneurial endeavors. business contacts for managers.
Analysis – Through interview or biographic study, Analysis – Determine the effectiveness of
Analysis – Compare and contrast LIFO and FIFO collect information about the relationship of business networking.
procedures. communication to success as an entrepreneur. Application – Obtain at least ten business cards
Application – Write a memo explaining the Application – Prepare a listing of critical and related information from management
advantages and disadvantages of each inventory communication skills. personnel.
procedure. Impact – Brainstorm communication skills required to Impact – Prepare a “networking notebook”
Impact – Justify the decision and present the become an entrepreneur. including collected business cards, company
findings. brochures and other information that will be
helpful for business networking.
Effective communication is required in all Communication requires the use of Communication facilitates marketing
careers. information systems for daily business strategies.
Analysis – Determine the communication skills operations. Analysis – Define and design a community needs
required in a selected career. Analysis – Examine and research electronic scheduling survey.
Application – Through telephone interviews, systems. Application – Compile a survey to deterimine
survey three local medium-sized businesses about Application – Schedule appointments and make notes community needs in the year 2000.
the five most important communication skills in an electronic system. Impact – Plan and share a marketing strategy to
required on the job. meet one community need.
Impact – Using an electronic scheduling system,
Impact – Document survey results in a written search and change appointments.
Due to rapid communication, economic Rapid communication allows global business to Communication provides production
decisions have an immediate impact. become a reality. coordination.
Analysis – Explain how rapid communication has Analysis – Identify various global stock markets. Analysis – Investigate the relationship between
contributed to changing inventory policies. communication and production.
Application – After researching a selected market,
Application – Interview business people to make a prediction about market activities in other Application – Research the production plan of an
determine the inventory used. countries. international firm.
Impact – Predict how costs associated with Impact – Analyze interrelationships between global Impact – Illustrate how the communication
maintaining an adequate inventory have been markets. process affects business production coordination.
affected by faster communications.
Page 3 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Economics to Other Business Functions
The amount of profit is the Economic forces significantly affect Economic trends affect management
incentive/disincentive to the business person. entrepreneurship. decisions.
Analysis – Analyze alternative business Analysis – Identify three economic forces that could Analysis – Analyze and illustrate how economic
opportunities and returns. affect profit or loss of a small business. activity affects management decisions about
Application – Plot results of analysis. Application – From case study examples, calculate employment trends.
Impact – Select an appropriate investment the profit or loss. Application – Determine the economic factors
opportunity for a small business. Impact – Document economic forces for small leading to management decisions to downsize.
businesses that will cause profit or loss. Impact – Defend the management decision.
Economic factors affect career decisions. Economic impacts are influenced by Economic trends strongly influence
Analysis – Select a career and determine the information systems. marketing strategies.
average salary in five geographic locations. Analysis – Select three international stock markets for Analysis – Explain why the equilibrium price
Application – Determine the average cost of living comparison. change for a given product.
in each location. Application – Choose a commodity for comparison. Application – Plot the supply and demand curve
Impact – Compare the average salary with the cost Impact – Compare three markets for for a product/service
of living to predict potential lifestyles. increase/decrease over a given period of time. Impact – Based on data, develop a marketing
strategy to stimulate demand.
Economic decisions require effective Economic principles are universal. The four factors of production are a basic
communication. Analysis – Determine how comparative advantage concept of economics.
Analysis – Determine the process of enacting a relates to economic trade. Analysis – Determine the factors of production
government bill from “grass roots” beginnings to Application – Demonstrate how comparative involved with the production of a good or service.
enactment. advantage relates to production and foreign trade in Application – Choose one factor of production
Application – Draft a petition or bill on a current various countries. and develop a strategy for cost reduction.
important business issue. Impact – Select a new product or service for which Impact – For a given period of time, graphically
Impact – Chart the steps to take this petition/bill to our country has the comparative advantage. illustrate the cost reduction.
Page 4 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Entrepreneurship to Other Business Functions
Entrepreneurs rely on accounting data for Entrepreneurs are heavily dependent upon An entrepreneur must possess expert
decision making. all economic principles. management skills.
Analysis – Determine financial data needed to apply Analysis – Identify an economic principle (e.g., Analysis – Determine the functions of
for a loan. scarcity, opportunity costs, specialization, supply management for a small business.
Application – Prepare necessary financial statements and demand) and explain how it relates to the Application – Given a case study of small
for a loan application. entrepreneur. business ownership, determine what management
Impact – Write a business plan incorporating Application – Given a specific small firm, indicate qualities are needed to solve business problems.
financial data. what economic principles are at work. Impact – Evaluate the effectiveness of the
Impact – As a result of the economic principles management decision made for the case study.
being employed, predict the outcome of various
phenomena affecting the business.
Entrepreneurship traits must be considered in A successful entrepreneur relies on a An entrepreneur gains success through
making a sound career decision. well-designed information system. using effective marketing strategies.
Analysis – Research literature and compile a list of Analysis – Contact vendors to examine the current Analysis – List marketing strategies used by
positive traits of successful entrepreneurs. offerings of information systems for small small business in the local community.
Application – Using the list of positive traits, survey businesses. Application – Select an appropriate marketing
local small business owners to validate the traits. Application – Compare and contrast the strategy for a specific product/ service and design
Impact – Using the data from the survey, compare the specifications and capabilities of each information a promotional piece to reach the targeted market.
researched traits with those of entrepreneurs in the system. Impact – Evaluate the effectiveness of the
local community. Impact – Select an appropriate system that will marketing strategy.
enhance the operation of a small business.
Entrepreneurship efforts are enhanced The global community offers emerging Entrepreneurship often begins with
through small business networking. markets for entrepreneurial ventures. creative product design.
Analysis – Investigate the membership advantages of Analysis – Given research, compile a list of Analysis – Explore potential product ideas that
a small business owners’ association. emerging global industries for small business will meet a need in the community.
Application – Invite a member of the small business owners. Application – Design and test market a product
owners’ association to validate the advantages of Application – Compare starting a small business in appropriate for manufacture by a small business.
membership for networking. the United States vs. another country. Impact – From the test market, determine the
Impact – Develop a list of ways to network to Impact – Justify a decision to open a small interest for this product as to its creativity and
enhance business success. business in another country. need.
Page 5 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Information Systems to Other Business Functions
Information systems have revolutionized the Information systems can enhance the Information systems provide a linkage for
field of accounting. efficiency of business purchasing decisions. management.
Analysis – Examine the appropriateness of various Analysis – Identify how the utilization of Analysis – Investigate how computers are linked
accounting software packages. information systems can encourage efficiency. together in a company.
Application – Produce and examine sample financial Application – Interview business people regarding Application – Research the types of tasks
statements for comparison. the effects on cost of a new information system. managers complete using computers.
Impact – Design an automated accounting system Impact – Predict how increased computerization Impact – Diagram a computer information
for a student-operated business. will affect the production process and the goods and system demonstrating linkages among five
services offered. departments in a hypothetical company.
The field of information systems provides a Information systems enable entrepreneurs to Information systems have expanded the
variety of career choices. employ a smaller staff, yet accomplish various markets in which items can be
Analysis – Prepare an extensive list of career ENTREPRENEURSHIP needed work. sold.
opportunities in information systems. Analysis – Appraise the required tasks to operate a Analysis – Compare two telemarketing systems
Application – Select two emerging information small business effectively. (e.g., shopper’s channel and infomercial).
systems careers and project the demand. Application – Develop an action plan in which the Application – Collect the following marketing
Impact – For a selected career, identify the training information system can perform some of the data: marketing plan, target market and product
requirements and projected salary. required tasks. type.
Impact – Based on the action plan, predict the Impact – Evaluate the success of the marketing
impact of employing the necessary staff to operate strategy of each approach.
The quality, quantity and cost-effectiveness of Information systems have encouraged more Information systems have increased the
communications improves through the use of competition in the world economy. ability to make more informed production
technology. Analysis – Select a common product produced in a decisions.
Analysis – Examine five ways technology will foreign country and offered to consumers at a retail Analysis – Determine the kinds of data used to
enhance communications. setting in the United States. make management decisions.
Application – Design and produce necessary Application – Research the origin of production and Application – Invite a production manager to
components of a business presentation. compare to a similar product produced in the United discuss how information systems impact decision
States. making in his/her firm.
Impact – Develop and deliver a quality multi-media
presentation. Impact – Summarize how diverse countries are Impact – Using a computer production data case
competing for the same share of the market. study, generate a production decision.
Page 6 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of International Business to Other Business Functions
International business is affected by International business is dependent upon A manager’s role is vital to a firm’s
accounting practices. rapidly changing economic factors. success in the global marketplace.
Analysis – Identify how accounting practices may Analysis – Interpret economic measuring standards. Analysis – List changes in management
differ from country to country. qualifications as businesses become more global.
Application – Find the gross national product and
Application – Prepare a classroom display of per capita income of three foreign countries and the Application – Given the typical characteristics of
pertinent information gathered. United States. workers in two different cultures, describe how
Impact – Describe the advantages and disadvantages Impact – Using standards of economic measure, management styles might differ when working
of adopting uniform accounting practices for compare the economics of three foreign countries to with each group.
businesses worldwide. the United States. Impact – Evaluate key factors individuals should
consider when assuming managerial
responsibilities in a foreign country.
International business offers numerous The global community is an emerging source Effective marketing strategies can enhance
career opportunities. for small business ownership. the success of a business in the global
Analysis – Examine diversity in the global ENTREPRENEURSHIP Analysis – Research and compile a list of emerging marketplace.
workplace. global industries for small business owners. Analysis – Analyze through current readings how
Application – Compare cultural differences and Application – Compare the steps required to start a individual businesses have successfully marketed
job-related benefits, restrictions, training and small business in the United States with those of a product in other countries.
education requirements for a specific job in three another country. Application – Develop a marketing plan to
countries. Impact – Depend a decision to start a small business introduce a new product into a foreign market.
Impact – Determine how diversity has affected the in another country. Impact – Evaluate the effectiveness of another
movement of jobs from one country to another. student’s or group’s marketing plan.
Knowledge of international business is A successful business person relies on a Production procedures depend on a
contingent upon current, accurate well-designed information system. country’s resource base.
communication. Analysis – Contact vendors to examine information Analysis – Describe production procedures for
Analysis – Electronically research “cultural systems for small businesses. three different products produced by low, medium
differences” by accessing libraries in three countries. Application – Compare and contrast the qualities of and highly developed countries.
Application – Prepare a written report based on each information system. Application – Given seven products, indicate the
research. Impact – Justify the selection of an information country most technologically advanced to produce
system for use in a selected small business. each item.
Impact – Evaluate how the differences affect the job
market and present findings. Impact – Predict how a country might change its
production techniques given demographics,
educational level and technological capability.
Page 7 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Management to Other Business Functions
Management decisions impact the Management decisions are affected by Management policies affect the quality and
development and design of accounting external economic factors. price of goods produced at home and
systems. Analysis – Define how increases in interest rates or abroad.
Analysis – Provide examples of how accounting the devaluation of another country’s currency affect Analysis – Track the production of one product in
procedures change due to a manager’s needs for management decisions. three countries.
specific data. Application – Using newspapers and trade Application – Compare the quality and price of a
Application – Read an annual report of a firm and magazines, track how currency and interest rate particular item produced in the United States vs.
indicate additional information that might be needed changes affect managerial decisions. the same item in another country.
by a CEO. Impact – Write a management recommendation Impact – Select one item to market in the United
Impact – Suggest a management decision based on regarding a change in policy due to changing States and defend that choice.
an independent auditing report. external economic factors.
Management decisions affect all levels of Management decisions set the tone for a Management relies on marketing to “sell
career decisions. firm’s ethical behavior. the product.”
Analysis – Identify work and human relations traits ENTREPRENEURSHIP Analysis – Debate ethical and unethical business Analysis – Appraise the value of advertising.
that accompany job advancement. practices. Application – Develop a project to illustrate
Application – Through video-taped role-playing, Application – Using newspapers, identify breaches advertising principles and effects.
demonstrate positive and negative human relations of ethical behavior as defined in class discussions. Impact – Present a team-prepared, video-taped
situations. Impact – Differentiate between acceptable and advertisement for a product.
Impact – As a team, evaluate the video and discuss unacceptable ethical behavior, its effect on
optional decisions. management decisions and the impact on employees.
Management has dramatically changed its Management’s ability to process information Management decisions are influenced by
method of communications to keep pace with is enhanced by technology. product success.
new and emerging technology. Analysis – Experiment with teleconferencing and/or Analysis – Select a product to produce.
Analysis – Trace management communication e-mail communications. Application – Within budgetary constraints,
methods for the past ten years. Application – Organize and participate in a produce five of the selected product.
Application – Observe and write a report on simulated management-level teleconference. Impact – Explain how quality control contributes
communication methods used by management Impact – Compare the speed, accuracy and cost of to the efficient production of the selected product.
personnel of three businesses. using teleconferencing vs. traditional
Impact – Present effective communication strategies communications methods.
observed in the three businesses.
Page 8 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Marketing to Other Business Functions
Marketing success is dependent upon sound Marketing strategies and outcomes Marketing impacts business worldwide.
accounting principles. demonstrate the application of economic Analysis – Identify the essential information
Analysis – Identify the costs of producing a principles. necessary for advertising in a global market.
particular product or service. Analysis – Identify how marketing facilitates time
Application – Design an advertisement for a
Application – Obtain information from local and place utility. product/company suitable for display in two
businesses regarding how products/services are Application – Categorize how specific marketing countries.
priced for sale. strategies focus on providing time and/or place Impact – Evaluate displays of prepared
Impact – Compare and contrast different pricing utility. advertisements for correctness and
strategies and explain how pricing is part of the Impact – Prepare a presentation that addresses how appropriateness of purpose.
marketing plan. the world would be different without any marketing
Marketing continues to be a “career of Marketing sets the stage for entrepreneurial Marketing affects managerial decisions.
choice” for many people. endeavors.
Analysis – Explain how marketing results can
Analysis – Examine areas of employment in Analysis – Examine a variety of methods to identify affect managerial decisions.
marketing. a successful entrepreneurial endeavor. Application – Given a case problem providing
Application – Shadow employees from five different Application – Develop a marketing plan for a small marketing results for a specific product/service,
marketing occupational areas. business venture. determine three options that management might
Impact – Present a panel discussion of aspects of Impact – Evaluate the effectiveness of the
marketing careers shadowed. marketing plan developed for the specific business. Impact – Suggest management actions required
to implement one of the three options.
Marketing personnel must listen to consumer Marketing creates a vision of business Marketing successes are ultimately
comments and suggestions. through information systems. responsible for production growth.
Analysis – Distinguish between valid and invalid Analysis – Examine magazine advertising for layout Analysis – Determine the life cycle of products in
complaints design ideas and effectiveness. common use.
Application – Role-play responses to case study Application – Using desktop publishing, design and Application – Obtain published advertisements
complaint situations. print a flyer to market a product. for products that were not available ten years ago.
Impact – Critique the responses for appropriateness Impact – Discuss the influence of the flyer in Impact – Develop a marketing plan for a
and tact. determining whether or not to make a purchase. “product of the future.”
Page 9 of 10
Matrix of Interrelationships of Production to Other Business Functions
Production costs can be efficiently appraised Production decisions rely on economic Production is shifting to new countries.
through accounting. trends. Analysis – Select three companies that have
Analysis – Identify the elements of production costs. Analysis – Research the economic trends that relocated to another country and examine data
influence production decisions. relative to the decision.
Application – Prepare selected ledger and cost
sheets for a manufacturing business. Application – In a production case study, select Application – Compare the data to determine
three economic trends and decide what production financial, regulatory and production reasons for
Impact – Judge how these production records could
decision is required. reaching this decision.
be used in making production decisions.
Impact – Graph these production decisions to Impact – Appraise the trend toward overseas
demonstrate profit or loss. relocation for the production industry during the
next five years.
The production industry is going through Producing new goods and services is Changes in production methods, sites and
restructuring in the area of careers. common among small businesses. expectations are important to management
Analysis – Review current demand occupations in ENTREPRENEURSHIP Analysis – Identify three small business operations, decisions.
the production industry. locally or elsewhere in the state, that are producing Analysis – Appraise the labor market in selected
Application – Select three new production careers and innovative product/service. localities.
and electronically research qualifications and training Application – Compare and contrast these Application – In teams, examine the sites for
requirements. production operations relating the human, natural current production and future expansion.
Impact – Shadow one of these production careers at and economic resources of each.
Impact – Evaluate the cost effectiveness of the
a local manufacturing business. Impact – Determine why innovative products and decision to expand.
services are many times produced by small business.
Production can only be effective through The production process is immediately Production is dependent upon aggressive
communication. impacted through information systems. marketing, including an attractive,
Analysis – Identify a production schematic chart for Analysis – Using a production process, identify functional product package.
one product. when information systems are used. Analysis – Distinguish between effective and
Application – Classify those components requiring Application – Formulate what impact the ineffective packaging concepts.
communication as a function of the process. technology has on each production process Application – Assemble a collection of examples
Impact – In a report, describe the impact of component. of good and bad commercial product packaging
communication in the production process. Impact – Compare and contrast what the effects efforts.
would be without technology. Impact – Test and document the packaging for
eye appeal, durability and cost effectiveness.
Page 10 of 10
Accounting and Related Services
CIP No. 52.0300
Students keep records of their class earnings (attendance, performance, etc) and deductions
(tardies, disruptions, etc) on business forms, chart and graph the results, and receive rewards
based on the outcomes
Big Five Accounting WebQuest
Project teams each research online one of the top 5 national accounting firms and prepare and
share a powerpoint about it
Students must record every money exchange transaction in monopoly as they play. Lesson
includes sample transactions to try before play begins, chart of accounts and detailed play
information. Game is for 4 players and goes over several days.
Contests and Prizes
Creaded by AICPA
Explaining Debits and Credits
Using a “t-account” to demonstrate visually the meaning of debits and credits.
Falcon’s Fruit Stand
Group activity using fruit shaped Runts to illustrate inventory, cost of merchandise sold and
profit. Forms included.
Largest accounting website on the internet
A 3 week project using all features of Microsoft Excel and PowerPoint to create spreadsheets,
charts, graphs, and a visual presentation re: their own lemonade stand
Teaching Strategies/Activities May 2004 1
CAREER PLANNING, EXPLORATION AND READINESS
Accounting Career Information
ABA Staffing, Inc
Provides resume instruction, samples and template. Also cover letter guide and interview
I Know How to Develop a Career Plan
Michigan Department of Education
Students take a self-assessment survey and use results to create a personal career goal
The Real Game
A series of interactive lessons designed for varied grade levels that help students set career goals
and plan ways to acquire the skills, training, education and work experience they need to achieve
SouthCentral Career Information Systems
Sixteen lesson plans based on 45 minute class periods take students from self and career
awareness through job shadowing, resume writing, and interviewing
Students complete and analyze a personal skills inventory, research career paths, and create a
When I Grow Up
Students use self and career research to create a five-step individualized career plan
Provides an overview of the accounting professional including skills and talents required, job
options, salaries, occupational facts and tends, top firms, and other links and resources.
2 Teaching Strategies/Activities May 2004
AskERIC lesson Plans
Student groups research the needs in their community and develop a business, complete with
business plan, to benefit their hometown
Not Your Grandma’s Lemonade Stand
National Council on Economic Education
Students set up a lemonade stand where location, weather, supply and demand affect their profits
What Makes An Entrepreneur?
National Council on Economic Education
Discussions and online activities lead students to understand definitions and lifestyles of various
types of entrepreneurs
My Own Business
Lessons that lead student through the writing of a business plan for a business or service of their
Creating a Business Plan
Small Business Administration
Provides a template and worksheet for creation of a business plan including description, product
services, location, marketing, competition, pricing and sales, advertising, management planning
and financial management.
Teaching Strategies/Activities May 2004 3
Students work in groups to build free-standing towers of straws and pins. This lesson also
addresses communications, group dynamics as well as leadership.
Illinois Office of Education
Students interview business leaders to study management styles and managerial responsibilities.
Table It or Spread It
After discussion of pros and cons of presenting data in Word table or Excel spreasheet formats,
students choose best format to present given data, present the data, justify choice of format.
Comparing Prices of Dream Cars
Excel Spreadsheet Project (5 days)
Students research costs, estimate future costs using given formulas, create 3 kinds of comparison
charts, hyperlink, and paper with imbedded pictures.
4 Teaching Strategies/Activities May 2004