ART DECO ARCHITECTURE IN MIAMI BEACH A Workbook for Students City of Miami Beach Department of Historic Preservation and Urban Design ART DECO ARCHITECTURE IN MIAMI BEACH A WORKBOOK FOR STUDENTS CITY OF MIAMI BEACH Carla Bernabei-Talarico, City Manager DEPARTMENT OF HISTORIC PRESERVAION AND URBAN DESIGN Jud Kurlancheek, Director Text and Illustrations by Ricard Rickles, Principal Planner This project has been financed in part with historic preservation grant assistance, provided by the Bureau of Historic Preservation, Florida Department of State, assisted by the Historic Preservation Advisory Council. However, the content and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Florida Department of State, nor does the mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Florida Department of State. WHAT IS ART The “Art Deco” style in architecture was popular from the DECO? mid-1920s through the 1940s, the same time that Miami Beach was becoming a popular vacation resort. During that time so many people were coming to Miami Beach that hundreds of buildings were built each year to accommodate them - many in the popular Art Deco style. That is why there are so many Art Deco-style buildings in Miami Beach. It was in Paris, France in 1925 that the Art Deco style first received widespread attention, and it soon became popular throughout Europe and the Americas. The first Art Deco-style building in Miami Beach was built in 1929. The style was a combination of modern architectural design, based on the latest technology, with decoration rooted in ancient times. The result would be a building which resembled a 1930s automobile or airplane (the most modern machine of the time) with a roof that looked like an ancient pyramid. In a humorous way, buildings also resembled rocket ships and other machines which were still just in the imagination of writers and artists. The Art Deco style is remembered because it symbolizes our striving for the future and our fascination with the past. Art Deco-style buildings are particularly important to Miami Beach because they teach us how we developed into a city and are one of the things that makes Miami Beach different and special. HOW CAN YOU Ziggurat Roof Line Flag Pole or Finial IDENTIFY AN ART DECO-STYLE BUILDING? Racing Stripes Central Vertical Element Eyebrow Porthole Windows Rounded Corners Glass Block Windows ACTIVITY 1. Color this building as you would imagine an Art Deco building is colored. GREYSTONE HOTEL, located at 1920 Collins Avenue, designed by Henry Hohauser, built in 1939. NAME THE PARTS OF AN ART DECO-STYLE BUILDING Porthole Windows Ziggurat Roof Line Rounded Corners Eyebrow ACTIVITIES 1. Draw a line connecting each label to the correct part of this Art Deco-style building. 2. Color this building as you would imagine an Art Deco building is colored. ROYAL MERIDIAN COURT, located at 701 Meridian Avenue, designed by B. Kingston Hall, built in 1930. WHAT DO THE PARTS OF AN ART DECO-STYLE BUILDING REPRESENT? Finials and flag poles are like radio towers or antennae Ziggurat Roof is stepped like an ancient pyramid Racing stripes and rounded forms like on a car Rounded corners and aerodynamic design like the trains and cars of the period Porthole windows, smokestacks, ACTIVITY pipe railings, and other features from ships 1. Color this building as you would imagine an Art Deco building is GREYSTONE HOTEL, located at 1920 Collins Avenue, designed by Henry Hohauser, built in 1939. colored. NAME THE PARTS OF AN ART DECO-STYLE BUILDING ACTIVITIES 1. Fill in the blanks naming each part of this Art Deco-style building 2. Color this building as you would imagine an Art Deco building is MARLIN HOTEL, located at 1200 Collins Avenue, designed by L. Murray Dixon, built in 1939. colored. WAS ART DECO JUST FOR BUILDINGS? During the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, more than just buildings were designed in the Art Deco style. Numerous products, such as clothing and household appliances, had features similar to the buildings. The items shown below have rounded corners and “racing stripes,” just like the buildings of the same time. Vacuum Cleaner, 1937 ACTIVITIES 1. Draw a dress, suit, or other article of clothing that would have been popular in the 1930s. Camera, 1936 2. If you had an Art Deco-style car, what would it look like? 3. Think about the things you have in your Dress, 1934 room at home. What would they look like in the Art Deco style? NAME THE PARTS OF AN ART DECO-STYLE BUILDING ACTIVITIES 1. Name each part of this Art Deco-style building. What does each feature represent? 2. Color this building as you would imagine an Art Deco building is colored. CENTURY HOTEL, located at 140 Ocean Drive, designed by Henry Hohauser, built in 1939. THE ART DECO DISTRICT On the following page is a map of the Miami Beach Architectural Historic District (generally called the “Art Deco District.”) Historic Districts are neighborhoods which contain numerous historic buildings of similar age or character. The Art Deco District contains more than 800 buildings built between 1919 and 1948. Over half of these are in the Art Deco style and were built between 1930 and 1948. The buildings in the Art Deco District show us what Miami Beach was like 50 years ago. The District contains hotels, stores, apartment buildings, and houses. Seeing how the buildings relate to one another teaches us much more about the people who used them and how Miami Beach became the city it is today. THE MAP OF THE ART DECO DISTRICT ACTIVITIES 1. Draw on the map those streets you have been on in the Art Deco District. 2. Draw stars on the map where you have seen Art Deco-style buildings. 3. Draw a map of the neighborhood around your school or your home. 4. Draw stars on your map where you have seen Art Deco-style buildings, or other important old buildings. 5. What do these important buildings look like? Try drawing them. OTHER HISTORIC BUILDINGS Most cities more than 50 years old have historic buildings, but not all of these buildings are in the Art Deco style. Even in Miami Beach, there are hsitoric buildings in other architectural styles. Other cities in Miami-Dade County are known for their historic buildings. Some of these include: Wood Frame Bungalow Can be seen in the Overtown Can be seen in the Little Havana and neighborhood of Miami and southern Edgewater neighborhoods of Miami Miami Beach MORE HISTORIC BUILDINGS Mediterranean Revival Pueblo Can be seen in Coral Gables, Miami, Can be seen in Miami Springs Miami Shores, and Miami Beach ACTIVITIES 1. Are there historic buildings in the neighborhood around your home or school? What style are they? Try drawing them. 2. Have you been to any other cities in Miami-Dade County, or Florida, or across America? Did you see historic buildings there? What style were they? Try drawing them.
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