ART DECO ARCHITECTURE IN MIAMI BEACH by ocv22853

VIEWS: 602 PAGES: 13

									      ART DECO
ARCHITECTURE IN
  MIAMI BEACH


    A Workbook for
          Students




             City of Miami Beach
Department of Historic Preservation
                and Urban Design
          ART DECO ARCHITECTURE IN MIAMI BEACH
                          A WORKBOOK FOR STUDENTS



                                         CITY OF MIAMI BEACH
                                 Carla Bernabei-Talarico, City Manager
                  DEPARTMENT OF HISTORIC PRESERVAION AND URBAN DESIGN
                                Jud Kurlancheek, Director
                      Text and Illustrations by Ricard Rickles, Principal Planner




This project has been financed in part with historic preservation grant assistance, provided by the Bureau of Historic
Preservation, Florida Department of State, assisted by the Historic Preservation Advisory Council. However, the content
and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Florida Department of State, nor does the mention of
trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Florida Department of State.
                                                                 WHAT IS ART
The “Art Deco” style in architecture was popular from the
                                                                    DECO?
mid-1920s through the 1940s, the same time that Miami
Beach was becoming a popular vacation resort. During
that time so many people were coming to Miami Beach
that hundreds of buildings were built each year to
accommodate them - many in the popular Art Deco style.
That is why there are so many Art Deco-style buildings in
Miami Beach.
It was in Paris, France in 1925 that the Art Deco style first received
widespread attention, and it soon became popular throughout Europe and
the Americas. The first Art Deco-style building in Miami Beach was built in
1929. The style was a combination of modern architectural design, based on
the latest technology, with decoration rooted in ancient times. The result
would be a building which resembled a 1930s automobile or airplane (the
most modern machine of the time) with a roof that looked like an ancient
pyramid. In a humorous way, buildings also resembled rocket ships and
other machines which were still just in the imagination of writers and artists.
The Art Deco style is remembered because it symbolizes our striving for the
future and our fascination with the past. Art Deco-style buildings are
particularly important to Miami Beach because they teach us how we
developed into a city and are one of the things that makes Miami Beach
different and special.
                                                                                             HOW CAN YOU
   Ziggurat Roof Line
                                                                 Flag Pole or Finial        IDENTIFY AN ART
                                                                                                DECO-STYLE
                                                                                                 BUILDING?
 Racing Stripes                                                                                    Central Vertical Element




                                                                                                    Eyebrow


Porthole Windows
                                                                                                    Rounded Corners




Glass Block Windows

                                                                                                           ACTIVITY
                                                                                                           1. Color this building as
                                                                                                           you would imagine an
                                                                                                           Art Deco building is
                                                                                                           colored.
     GREYSTONE HOTEL, located at 1920 Collins Avenue, designed by Henry Hohauser, built in 1939.
                                                                              NAME THE PARTS OF
                                                                              AN ART DECO-STYLE
                                                                                       BUILDING




          Porthole Windows               Ziggurat Roof Line             Rounded Corners              Eyebrow


                                                                                                     ACTIVITIES
                                                                                                     1. Draw a line
                                                                                                     connecting each label to
                                                                                                     the correct part of this
                                                                                                     Art Deco-style building.
                                                                                                     2. Color this building as
                                                                                                     you would imagine an
                                                                                                     Art Deco building is
                                                                                                     colored.
ROYAL MERIDIAN COURT, located at 701 Meridian Avenue, designed by B. Kingston Hall, built in 1930.
                                                                         WHAT DO THE PARTS OF
                                                                           AN ART DECO-STYLE
                                                                          BUILDING REPRESENT?

                                                                                                     Finials and flag poles are like
                                                                                                     radio towers or antennae
 Ziggurat Roof is stepped like an
 ancient pyramid




Racing stripes and rounded
forms like on a car
                                                                                                  Rounded corners and
                                                                                                  aerodynamic design like the
                                                                                                  trains and cars of the period




  Porthole windows, smokestacks,                                                                          ACTIVITY
  pipe railings, and other features
  from ships                                                                                              1. Color this building as
                                                                                                          you would imagine an
                                                                                                          Art Deco building is
    GREYSTONE HOTEL, located at 1920 Collins Avenue, designed by Henry Hohauser, built in 1939.           colored.
                                                                                        NAME THE PARTS
                                                                                            OF AN ART
                                                                                           DECO-STYLE
                                                                                              BUILDING




                                                                                             ACTIVITIES
                                                                                             1. Fill in the blanks
                                                                                             naming each part of this
                                                                                             Art Deco-style building
                                                                                             2. Color this building as
                                                                                             you would imagine an
                                                                                             Art Deco building is
MARLIN HOTEL, located at 1200 Collins Avenue, designed by L. Murray Dixon, built in 1939.    colored.
                                                                    WAS ART
                                                               DECO JUST FOR
                                                                  BUILDINGS?
During the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, more than just buildings were designed in
the Art Deco style. Numerous products, such as clothing and household
appliances, had features similar to the buildings. The items shown below
have rounded corners and “racing stripes,” just like the buildings of the same
time.

    Vacuum Cleaner, 1937



                                                                          ACTIVITIES
                                                                          1. Draw a dress, suit, or
                                                                          other article of clothing
                                                                          that would have been
                                                                          popular in the 1930s.
              Camera, 1936                                                2. If you had an Art
                                                                          Deco-style car, what
                                                                          would it look like?
                                                                          3. Think about the
                                                                          things you have in your
                                           Dress, 1934                    room at home. What
                                                                          would they look like in
                                                                          the Art Deco style?
                                                                                        NAME THE PARTS
                                                                                            OF AN ART
                                                                                           DECO-STYLE
                                                                                              BUILDING




                                                                                              ACTIVITIES
                                                                                              1. Name each part of
                                                                                              this Art Deco-style
                                                                                              building. What does
                                                                                              each feature represent?
                                                                                              2. Color this building as
                                                                                              you would imagine an
                                                                                              Art Deco building is
                                                                                              colored.
CENTURY HOTEL, located at 140 Ocean Drive, designed by Henry Hohauser, built in 1939.
                                                            THE ART DECO
                                                                  DISTRICT


On the following page is a map of the Miami Beach Architectural Historic
District (generally called the “Art Deco District.”) Historic Districts are
neighborhoods which contain numerous historic buildings of similar age or
character. The Art Deco District contains more than 800 buildings built
between 1919 and 1948. Over half of these are in the Art Deco style and
were built between 1930 and 1948.
The buildings in the Art Deco District show us what Miami Beach was like 50
years ago. The District contains hotels, stores, apartment buildings, and
houses. Seeing how the buildings relate to one another teaches us much
more about the people who used them and how Miami Beach became the
city it is today.
THE MAP OF THE
     ART DECO
      DISTRICT
     ACTIVITIES
     1. Draw on the map
     those streets you have
     been on in the Art Deco
     District.
     2. Draw stars on the
     map where you have
     seen Art Deco-style
     buildings.
     3. Draw a map of the
     neighborhood around
     your school or your
     home.
     4. Draw stars on your
     map where you have
     seen Art Deco-style
     buildings, or other
     important old buildings.
     5. What do these
     important buildings look
     like? Try drawing them.
                                                                  OTHER HISTORIC
                                                                      BUILDINGS
Most cities more than 50 years old have historic buildings, but not all of these
buildings are in the Art Deco style. Even in Miami Beach, there are hsitoric
buildings in other architectural styles.
Other cities in Miami-Dade County are known for their historic buildings.
Some of these include:




  Wood Frame                                          Bungalow
  Can be seen in the Overtown                         Can be seen in the Little Havana and
  neighborhood of Miami and southern                  Edgewater neighborhoods of Miami
  Miami Beach
                                                   MORE HISTORIC
                                                      BUILDINGS




Mediterranean Revival                 Pueblo
Can be seen in Coral Gables, Miami,   Can be seen in Miami Springs
Miami Shores, and Miami Beach


                                        ACTIVITIES
                                        1. Are there historic buildings in the neighborhood
                                        around your home or school? What style are they?
                                        Try drawing them.
                                        2. Have you been to any other cities in Miami-Dade
                                        County, or Florida, or across America? Did you see
                                        historic buildings there? What style were they? Try
                                        drawing them.

								
To top