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CONTEXT

VIEWS: 36 PAGES: 11

									                                     GOVERNMENT OF ANGOLA

                       UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME



                               Project Title:
  Developing Community Networks to Leverage the Local Development in Angola



Brief Description: This project represents a continuation and expansion of the original Angonet project
activities which started in 1989 and which took on a new role as Angonet initiated its participation in UNDP's
SDN program from 1994. It allowed the establishment of the first commercial Internet Service Provider,
provided technical resources for international and local CSOs to run electronic conferencing systems and
Web sites.

The new Angonet Project aims at increasing CSOs' capacity, provide training and Internet access to the
communities and local authorities through improving communications and information exchange. This
involves: i) Creating an electronic network to support beneficiaries identified above; ii) Providing ICT tools for
information dissemination and exchange in the areas of human rights, peace building, sustainable
development and humanitarian assistance to national and international CSOs, community organizations and
projects, students and teachers as well as various professionals; iii) Maintaining a monitoring and evaluation
process regarding the use of ICTs for supporting the development of poor communities, with emphasis on
the most adequate use of these technologies.

Through the multiple aspects of its activities, the project seeks to contribute to: a) Strengthening technology
application strategies for poverty reduction; promoting generation and sharing of knowledge; b) Improving
people's skills; developing new forms of collaborative work in civil society; exploiting new forms of
partnership between social projects and the private sector; c) Seeking local solutions for universal access to
the new Information Technology (ICTs); leveraging personal abilities to use ICT tools for information
exchange, thus contributing to digital inclusion; d) Developing local content; leveraging the ability to
generate, obtain, disseminate and use information for knowledge; e) Maintaining a monitoring and
evaluation process regarding the use of ICTs for supporting the development of poor communities, with
emphasis on the most adequate use of these technologies.

The project will be carried out in two phases in simultaneous: Phase I – installation and operation of a
VSAT/Wi-Fi community network in the city of Huambo, where Angonet already operates an e-mail server
and community telecenter (2003); Phase II – installation and operation of similar networks and
corresponding community telecenters in the cities of Huambo, Kuito, Malange, Cabinda, Uíge and Zaire
(2004).




                                                                                       Date:




                                             Page 1 of 11
  Country: Angola

  UNDAF Outcome(s)/Indicator(s):          Information/data management for improved planning and monitoring


  Expected Outcome(s)/Indicator (s):      In cooperation with the private sector, make available the
                                          benefits of new technologies, especially information and
                                          communications technologies

  Expected Output(s)/Indicator(s):        Creating six electronic networks in six provinces; Providing ICT tools
                                          for information dissemination and exchange; Maintaining a monitoring
                                          and evaluation process regarding the use of ICTs for supporting the
                                          development of poor communities

  Implementing partner:                   Development Workshop

  Other Partners:                         CNTI




Programme Period: 2001/2004                                     Total budget: USD 1.917.657,00
                                                                Allocated resources: USD 800.000,00
Programme Component: Poverty Reduction                                     Government USD 210.000,00 (in-
                                                                            kind contributions)
Project Title: Developing Community Networks to                            Regular              ____________
               Leverage the Local Development in                           Other:(including in-kind
               Angola                                                       contributions)
                                                                            o Donor _________
Project Code: 00039328                                                      o Donor _________
                                                                            o Donor _________
Project Duration: 3 years                                       Unfounded budget:       USD 907.657

  Agreed by (Government): _______________________________________________________
  Agreed by (Implementing partner):_______________________________________________
  Agreed by (UNDP):_____________________________________________________________




                                            Page 2 of 11
PART I.        SITUATION ANALYSIS


A.1    Introduction

Angonet is a pioneer non-profit ICT project in Africa, and one of the first in the Southern Hemisphere
to seek the best forms of appropriating these technologies for use by civil society. It worked out its
activities in a disastrous situation of a war-torn country and managed to keep alive and providing
essential services to national or international Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), as well as, until
recently, the government itself. Angonet is now completing 14 years of courageous service (half of
which with the current project leader) to the community using a minimum of resources.

The involvement of UNDP provided much needed resources to help Angonet improve its services,
provide the basic infrastructure for content dissemination and exchange among other CSOs, and
gave the basic leverage for it to extend services beyond the capital city of Luanda. Angonet Angola
SDN project is one of the few (less than three in each 10 SDN projects), which survived without
losing track of its general mission. To date, the project remains unique as a trustful services provider
for the CSO community in the country.

Angonet has primarily focused its activity as a non-profit service provider seeking to support
community networks in Luanda serving CSOs and individuals – thus, universal access is a central
part of its objectives. It has plans to extend its community access activities to the capitals of at least
six of the 18 provinces of Angola.

In the case of Angonet, the original SDN program objective, however, was more specific, given the
extremely precarious conditions for networking in the country – working towards universal access
and thus seeking to provide the basic conditions for content provision and exchange using ICTs.
This new Angonet project seeks to initiate in Angola, through concrete activities in the capital cities
of six provinces besides Luanda (Huambo, Cuito, Malange, Cabinda, Uíge and Zaire), the carrying
out of an alternative approach to network services under the concept of community networks, which is
being applied in several countries (Canada, Brazil, USA, some European countries etc).

This means to create a local or regional network infrastructure (a borough, a city, a group of cities) in
which this infrastructure is a community asset instead of just a service bought individually from
telecom providers. In this way, the community as a whole negotiates a common, bulk contract to
connect its network to the Internet with a backbone provider – resulting in a better service at much
lower cost for each participant of the community network consortium. The community agrees to pay
for network operation and maintenance services on a cost-sharing basis.


A.2    The Problem to be addressed

This project aims at supporting communication, content dissemination and information exchange
needs of national and international civil society organizations (CSOs) directly involved in
humanitarian and reconstruction activities in post-war, a primary human development objective in
the particular situation of a war-torn country. In the framework of this primary objective training and
Internet access for local communities (teachers, professionals, students, etc) are foreseen. This
represents a continuation and expansion of the original Angonet project activities which started in
1989 and which took on a new role as Angonet initiated its participation in UNDP's SDN program
from 1994.

These objectives will be achieved through the installation and operation of community networks in
six cities (provincial capitals), including a community telecenter in each one.


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Recent advances in connectivity via satellite, combined with the extremely rapid advance of digital
radio technologies (known generically as Wi-Fi), today allows the installation of wireless community
networks at reasonably low costs, with rapid implementation as compared to laying down fiber or
other physical infrastructure. For the cost of about 3-4 km of installed dark fiber one can purchase
long-range Wi-Fi equipment reaching up to 25 km for connecting 15-20 institutions.


A.3. Development Objective (Relevant Outcome)

This project must be evaluated in light of the current human development situation of Angola.
Development and reconstruction efforts need immediate support of basic ICT services in order to
expedite their crucial work in the interior of the country. Also the activities undertaken under this new
project are according with Millennium Development Goal 8 and target 18 “In cooperation with the
private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and
communications technologies”.

War has destroyed or badly affected the communications infrastructure (roads, telecommunications),
and Angonet, working as part of a large international community of specialist ICT-related
organizations, has the expertise to provide local, immediate solutions to support national and
international organizations' communications needs in these areas at the lowest possible cost without
sacrificing efficacy.

Thus Angonet aims at increasing CSOs' capacity, communities and local authorities through
improving communications and information exchange. This involves:

- Creating an electronic network to support national CSOs regarding their communication and
information exchange with local and international partners.

- Providing ICT tools (internet, e-mail, training, etc.) for information dissemination and exchange in
the areas of human rights, peace building, sustainable development and humanitarian assistance to
national and international CSOs, community organizations and projects.

- Maintaining a monitoring and evaluation process regarding the use of ICTs for supporting the
development of poor communities, with emphasis on the most adequate use of these technologies.

Through the multiple aspects of its activities, the project seeks to contribute to:

- Strengthening technology application strategies for poverty reduction; promoting generation and
sharing of knowledge.

- Improving people's skills; developing new forms of collaborative work in civil society; exploiting new
forms of partnership between social projects and the private sector.

- Seeking local solutions for universal access to ICTs; leveraging personal abilities to use ICT tools
for information exchange, thus contributing to digital inclusion.

- Developing local content; leveraging the ability to generate, obtain, disseminate and use
information for knowledge.

With the implantation of community networks in the six cities in which the reconstruction effort is
concentrated, Angonet will provide tremendous leverage for these activities. The technical solutions
chosen in this project will remain effective in the medium-term, even in a future scenario in which the
satellite connection is replaced by fiber backbones.


                                                   4
These community networks will also be able to provide connectivity services to some local
government offices as needed, by just expanding on the bandwidth contract with the satellite
operator as needed. The networks can be extended with the use of long-range low cost wireless
bridges, thus making possible the outreach of the service to neighbouring urban and rural areas.

Additionally, Angonet will reinforce its activities of digital inclusion in Luanda (with improvements in
the current community telecenter and support to local communities wishing to develop similar
facilities), and will experience a significant increase in the number of users of its Internet services.
Community telecenters installed as hubs to the community networks in the provinces will provide a
collective facility for Internet access and user training. Each telecenter will also provide local dial-up
access to the Internet through its VSAT links.

Income generated from user fees and cost-sharing will be used to support maintenance and further
development of the services.


A.4         Past initiatives and lessons learnt

Angonet has an extensive record of successful work in community networking initiatives, including
the running of community telecenters in Luanda and Huambo, operating e-mail and Web services for
national and international CSOs as well as government offices, training of operators, instructors and
users of these services, and information dissemination services on humanitarian, environmental and
human rights issues to mention a few.

An important point regarding this project is that there is a clear window of opportunity for Angonet to
try and start building community networks in cities where the surveys1 have indicated strong interest
and a sufficient number of international CSOs willing to share the operating costs of the network.

If any commercial network appears in the future in those cities (and they certainly will appear),
Angonet will have already established a community of mutually trusting organizations, and
commercial pricing will quite probably not justify the community network partners abandoning the
consortium in favour of a for-profit service. If adequate planning-ahead is done, Angonet, in these
terms, will always be able to remain competitive and will be able to propagate the community
networking concept and practice to other regions of the country.

An engineering sub project should be prepared within the project in order to analyse and to do the
assessment based on the better use of the technology employed in the project, for instance micro
wave technology. Also it will be necessary to know how the project can be integrated in general
Internet facilities in the country. Terms of references should be prepared to find an institution or
expert that can do this.

A.5         National Institutional and Legal Framework

The project takes place in the context of an on-going evolution of the legal institutional framework
rendered necessary by recent developments. It is therefore designed to assist in ensuring a smooth
transition from the exiting setting to new institutions adjusted to the new circumstances resulting
from the Peace Agreement of 4 April 2002.

Angonet it will be implemented by Development Workshop (DW), a legally registered international
CSO in Angola, with a record of successful partnerships with UNDP and other national and
international agencies.


    Survey realized under ANG/98/006 project and DW in June 2003
1



                                                                   5
Deployment of the wireless technologies proposed in this project follows the national and
international regulations regarding the unlicensed radio spectrum frequencies in which Wi-Fi
equipment operates. The licensed VSAT portion of the networks will be contracted with legally
authorized service providers in the country.


A.6. Intended Beneficiaries

The direct beneficiaries are CSOs and NGOs presently in the country that work in Humanitarian and
Reconstruction efforts, while end beneficiaries are vulnerable populations directly affected by
poverty and needy community rehabilitation; also governments and local public institutions, various
communities amongst teachers, students and professionals.

A survey carried out by the consultants in Huambo (during the final evaluation of preview project)
has found that at least 12 international CSOs would immediately become members of the
community network, participating therefore in its cost-sharing scheme. Another survey carried out by
Development Workshop shows a similar strong interest in other provincial capitals.

In order to make sure all installation, operation, maintenance and procedural details are taken into
account; Angonet proposes the project to be carried out in two phases more or less in same time:

- The first phase will cover the city of Huambo, taking advantage of the already existing community
telecenter infrastructure;

- A second phase will extend the project to five other cities, benefiting from the findings and lessons
learned in Huambo during the implementation of formers Angonet project.

Thus the immediate beneficiaries will be the national and international CSOs in the city of Huambo
and the Government’s Humanitarian Coordination Unit (UTCAH), whose local computer networks
will be connected to the telecenter hub via Wi-Fi or by dialling a local phone number to obtain full
Internet service.

Since the project will also offer connectivity services to some local government offices, the
corresponding services, teachers, professionals, to mention a few, will also benefit from the project.

Individual users will also be able to register at the community telecenter to either use Internet
services at the center or through its local dial-up lines.

In a similar fashion, the community networks will benefit institutional and individual users in the other
cities.


PART II. STRATEGY

B.1    National Commitment to achieving the Outcome

At the same day the cease-fire deal was signed (April 4th, 2002), the government made official a
National Commission for Information Technology (NCIT) (http://www.cnti-angola.gv.ao), which
produced a “Strategy for the Development of Information Technology 2000-2010” (http:www.cnti-
angola.gv.ao/strategy.htm). In 2002 a specialist reference and research center on ICTs, CENAPATI,
was also created and delegated responsibility for developing and running the national research
network. CENAPATI is also working on projects like an e-government plan, introducing the Internet
in schools, and collective Internet access points (telecenters). Regarding e-government, there are


                                                  6
some Web-based information centers already in operation (for example, http://www.mapess.gv.ao
and http://www.minfin.gv.ao).

The strategy document lists the main guidelines for the “establishment and development of IT in
Angola”:
- To influence the computer science culture in the Angola society in view of creating a favourable
atmosphere to turn Angola into an information society;

- To create conditions to develop telecommunication and computerized system facilities as well as
their integration in the world network system, through the use of software, information system and
database capable of satisfying the administration needs of state organs and others;

- To explore and use at the most all the available opportunities in the transfer of technology,
capable of contributing to the development and eventually to the production of modern computer
system, prioritising the creation of a national software industry;

- To motivate the use of information Technology in the exploration and research of the natural
resources and environment, in scientific researches as well as in other activities.

In this context, the Angonet project can be considered as a reference in the country, due to its
pioneer nature, technical expertise, and it’s practically exclusive country knowledge of the problems
involved in carrying out community networks, and as such its members should be clearly called upon
by the government to participate in the formulation and implementation of these strategies.

Although Angola’s telecommunications services continue to be basically run by State company
(Angola Telecom), particularly in the provinces, a privatisation process began in 2001, when a
private mobile phone operator was licensed to initiate operations in competition on with State-owed
cellular company. In 2002 four private fixed-line incumbents were licensed, opening up the Angolan
market to become one of the most liberalized in the region. It is expected that this will result in a very
significant improvement in access facilities at least in the main capital cities in the next two to three
years, helping to bring down costs and improving service quality.

All others experiences between UNDP and the Government in ICT area, such as the Internet 2000,
will be a way to create interactions between Angonet and all initiatives that run to serve communities
and local institutions.


B. 2 Strategy for the use of UNDP resources

The project is consistent with the UNDP mandate to support countries to achieve sustainable human
development and MDG goal 8 target 18. Furthermore the activities envisaged in this project are
consistent with the broad objective of expanded national capacity for ICTs envisaged in the current
Country Co-operation Framework (CCF) for Angola for 2002-2004 and in the on going Strategic
Results Framework (SFR).

Development Workshop (DW) was designated as executing agency as per rules and procedures laid
down in the UNDP Programme Manual and mainly due the fact that this NGO was the former
executing agency of the former and the first project with UNDP in this sector. In addition to reporting
requirements detailed in Part III-A.2.1, one important requirement is visibility. All measures will be
taken to ensure that such visibility is achieved, including initiatives such as quarterly reports, field
visits etc.




                                                   7
B.3 Development Workshop Strategy toward Achieving Sustainability

The Angonet project will seek to progressively move toward achieving a level of sustainability
through promoting a strategy of cost recovery from the provision of services. The project will seek to
develop mechanisms of user fees and other kinds of fees for services, which can eventually be
applied to sharing of recurring costs. The project will establish a “sustainability fund” through which
income from service provision will be controlled. This fund will aim to accumulate sufficient
resources by the end of the current project to be able to help subsidize the on-going running of the
programme when donor funding ends. Funds generated from the provision of services to users will
also be used to cover running and administrative costs not originally covered in the UNDP budget.


PART II. RESULTS FRAMEWORK (Attached)


PART III. MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS

Under this project, UNDP will sign a standard Project Cooperation Agreement with the DW, which
will serve as the basic legal agreement between UNDP and DW. The present project document,
signed by UNDP and the Government, is attached as an annex to the project cooperation
agreement. Upon signature of the document, UNDP will provide DW with a copy, along with copies
of "UNDP procedures for execution by NGOs", "UNDP public information disclosure policy" and any
other relevant documentation.

A.1. Execution Arrangements

The execution of this project by NGO DW can be considered an opportunity to enhance the dialogue
between the Government and the NGOs as well as to enlarge the range of UNDP partners. As per
the conditions in the UNDP financial regulations and rules, the modality of NGO Execution was
considered most appropriate for the management of this project, so as to: involve close interaction
with target groups such as CSOs that worked very close with poor and vulnerable communities; and
benefit from established technical expertise, operational capacity, and institutional contacts already
existing at the field level (in particularly in Huambo province).
In the areas of financial management, accounting and reporting, UNDP procedures for national
execution shall apply:
The NGO-executed project (DW) must have a person in charge of the project, normally called the
project coordinator, acting as overall co-coordinator and assuming the primary responsibility for all
aspects of the project.
UNDP-supported equipment remains UNDP property until formally transferred or disposed of.
Unless otherwise agreed, equipment shall be returned to UNDP at the end of the project or upon
termination of the cooperation agreement.
Interest earned from project advances is refunded to the project budget or to UNDP.


The implementation shall be based on the following arrangements:
The Steering Committee Mechanism (SCM) including one appointed representative of each
institution namely: Ministry of Planning, UNDP, Inter ministerial Commission for Information
Technologies, FONGA, CONGA, UTCAH.



                                                 8
The Development Workshop will act as national counterpart to UNDP in the implementation of the
project. The experience acquired by DW NGO in the former project will certainly enable this
institution implement this project according to the NGO Execution.

National Project Manager: will be responsible for:
- Preparing the plans for activity and coordinating and guiding their implementation;
- Ensuring technical guidance for the work, overall coherence of project activities and the circulation
of information between the various stakeholders;
- Ensuring the financial management and control of the resources allocated to the project.


The project will also count with the global participation of two Technicians nominate by CNTI. They
will support technical and institutionally the project coordination, being integral part of the project
staff, under supervision of the project manager, on time full basis and during the validity of the
project.

Project execution will involve scheduling of the following activities:
- Equipment procurement and acquisition – Definition of specifications (mostly already done in the
attached budget), procurement and acquisition. The role of UNDP in this process is crucial,
particularly because the best possible prices are obtained in the US market;
- Telecenter furniture and materials – Procurement, acquisition;
- Installation of the community telecenters – Selecting locations, rebuilding, electrical, and network
installation;
- Installation of the VSAT infrastructure – Contracting and installing VSAT equipment and
configuration of services;

- Selection and hiring of personnel as specified in the budget;
- Personnel initial training;
- Renting and installation of phone lines (community telecenters) – This will include at least four dial-
up phone lines for individual Internet access as well as one additional phone line for administrative
purposes and emergency use;
- Management organization – Preparing MoUs for member registration, including detailed cost-
sharing clauses; organizing the administrative system;
- Support and facilitation for content production and management – Planning/scheduling of specific
activities related to content management, production, dissemination, facilitation and exchange.


A.2 – Monitoring, Measurement and Evaluation

The project will be implemented as per Project Cooperation Agreement with DW NGO (Article X and
XI), and in accordance with the revised UNDP Results-Oriented Monitoring and Evaluation
Handbook.




                                                   9
A.2.1. Work planning, Monitoring, and reporting

The DW shall provide UNDP and the Government coordinating authorities (Ministry of
Telecommunications) with periodic reports on the progress, activities, achievements and results of
the projects, as agreed between the parties of the cooperation agreement. In particular, the DW
shall prepare an initial and final progress report, and provide a quarterly financial report:

- At the beginning of the implementation of the project, a work-plan will be submitted by DW to
UNDP;
- UNDP will advance funds quarterly to DW NGO, which, in turn, will report on, and justify,
expenditures, in order to receive further releases of funds.

Whenever possible, the DW will establish and maintain separate bank accounts for the receipt and
disbursement of UNDP funds. The DW must ensure that funds provided by UNDP can be reported
upon separately. Separate record keeping is mandatory. The project contemplates since its
beginning a monitoring and evaluation mechanism, with quarterly descriptive reports, as well as
progress evaluation reports every six months.

This will require the hiring of a person specifically in charge of carrying out this monitoring and
evaluation process and responsible for production of the following information pieces:

–   regular access statistics to all community network services;

–   usage statistics of all services at the community telecenters;

–   logging of user queries and support issues;

–   regular systems maintenance schedules.

For all usage statistics, the methodology will take into account specific information regarding
education, gender, age, profession etc.


A.2.2. Evaluation

The project will carry out a regular evaluation process, including:

–   technical evaluation of network resources – information generated here will be used to re-
    dimension those resources (bandwidth, services etc);

–   evaluation of the impact of the community telecenters – including aspects like training, outreach,
    access to services;

–   evaluation of impact on members of the community network;

–   evaluation of information sharing and dissemination resources.

An independent evaluation will be undertaken at the middle and at end of the project, as part of the
implementation of the revised UNDP results oriented monitoring and evaluation procedures. The
terms of reference for the evaluation will be prepared by UNDP for discussion and approval by the
designated institution.




                                                   10
A.3. Risks

Risks to the implementation of this project include overload due the number of connected institutions
and also, the capacity of the wireless connectivity via satellite band. The risks can come also due
the lack of capacity building related to the beneficiary in order a better use of the equipment. Another
risk could be the lack of electrical source that characterized the most of provinces where the project
is based.

For all those risk the project manager together with all partner must create condition to minimise
those risk. It’s means a very well manage plan to connectivity and also the acquisition of generators
or sunpanel to allow a permanent connectivity.

In signing this document, however, the government and DW NGO undertakes to work to minimise
those risks. The engineering sub project should give, after its implementation, some solutions to
minimize those risks.

A.2.3 Audit

Current procedures for nationally executed projects apply, with the following particular features for
NGO execution:
–   An audit, which is project specific and limited to the activity funded, will be undertaken at one year
    after start project, and will be reflected in the annual audit plan prepared by UNDP;

–   The audit shall be conducted by independent auditors of the DW NGO or by independent auditors
    contracted specifically for the project audit;

–   The audit arrangements will be detailed in the project co-operation agreement, and where
    appropriate budgeted on the work plan based on activities budget;

–   The project funded by UNDP may be subject to audit by the internal or external auditors of
    UNDP, and UNDP shall have right of access to the relevant books and records of the DW NGO.

According to UNDP rules and procedures, all services to be rendered by PNUD to the project will be
object to the payment of a cost recovery tax about 5% of each rendered service.


PARTE IV – LEGAL CONTEXT

This project shall be the instrument referred to as such in article 1 of the Standard Basic Assistance
Agreement between the Government of Angola and the United Nations Development Programme,
signed by the parties on 18 February 1977.


PART V – Budget/Work Plan (annexe 1)

As part of the work plan of the, the external audit costs are also budgeted as a M&E activity.

Any unspent balance from the UNDP resources will be returned to the UNDP on completion of the
Project, unless otherwise agreed between UNDP and DW NGO.


ANNEXES

Annex 1 –Work Plan with budgeted activities;

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