; July 1999
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July 1999


  • pg 1
Vol.6                                                            No. 1                                                         July 1999
DELNET is promoted by National Informatics Centre (NIC), Planning Commission, Government of India and India International Centre, New Delhi.

                                                                                                wished to start a network of the libraries
           DELNET Opens State Centres                                                           in Lucknow. Although it is important
                                         H. K. Kaul                                             that all cities have a library network, but
                                                                                                in reality it is difficultforasmall network
      A warm response to DELNET's               participated. At the Indian Institute of        to be self-sufficient in the long run. It is
 databases and services in different            Advanced Study, Shimla, the Fellows of          forthis reason we have been promising
 parts of India is evident from its growing     the Institute were pleased to note that         technical support to agencies that would
 membership outside Delhi. Wefeelwe             they could have access to a variety of          wish to establish networks at the state
 are obliged to those researchers who           information and they could borrow books         level. In this regard we are negotiating
 want to access information stored in           through DELNET. As a result, the Institute      with several agencies and institutions
 our systems. And also, we feel the                                                             in the country.
                                                has opted for DELNET's ILL-ONLINE
 information available with DELNET              facility and the process of borrowing books         At Lucknow the programme was
 should have a wide coverage within
 and outside India. In order to achieve
 this, we gave online demonstrations of
 the DELNET databases and services
 at various institutions in India as given

  1.   I ndian I nstitute of Advanced Study,
 2.    Punjab University, Chandigarh
  3.   Industrial Toxicology Research
       Centre, Lucknow
  4.   Central Institute of English and
       Foreign Languages, Hyderabad
  5.   University of Mumbai, Mumbai
  6.   National Chemical Laboratory,
  7.   Indian Institute of Technology,
                                                Dr. H. K. Kaul speaking at the    KELTRON-DELNETSeminar
  8.   National Centre for Science              through DELNET has begun. This has              coordinated by Shri S. N. Agarwal,
       Information, HSc, Bangalore
                                                been possible because of the interest           Librarian, Indian Toxicology Research
  9. Kerala   State      Electronic             taken by Mr. D. K. Mukherjee, the Librarian     Centre and Dr. Roshan Raina, Librarian,
     Development Corporation Ltd.               of the Institute.                               Indian Institute of Management.
     (KELTRON), Thiruvananthapuram
                                                     At Lucknow the Directors of several           A demo at the Punjab University
       At each of the above institutions,       institutions and heads of libraries and        Library was found useful as librarians
  librarians and information specialists        information centres participated. They         from Chandigarh and afewparticipants
                                                                                                                    state centres
    from outside Chandigarh also                             The online demo atthe Indian Institute     facilities. This function was arranged
    participated. The Punjab University                  of Technology, Madras, also attracted a        by Prof. M. B. Konnur, the former
    Library has already joined DELNET                    number of librarians from Chennai. The         Librarian of the University of Pune.
    and we hope to have a fruitful                       demo was in fact one of the first demos        Dr. Krishnan, who presided over the
    partnership with them. Shri A. R.Sethi,              we gave outside Delhi. Dr. Harish              meeting among others, and the
    Librarian, Punjab University Library took            Chandra, Librarian, Indian Institute of        representatives of PUNENET showed
    a keen interest in organising the                    Technology, Madras, and his staff played       great interest in DELNET databases
    programme. He has introduced                         a major role in arranging the demo. As a       and services.
    considerable information technology                  result of this demo, the Indian Institute of
                                                         Technology, Madras, joined DELNET as                Dr. T. B. Rajashekar, Associate
    into the library.
                                                         a State Centre in Chennai.                     Chairman, National Centre for Science
        Dr. T.A.V. Murthy, Librarian,                                                                   Information, Indian Institute of Science,
    Central Institute of English and Foreign                 A demo was also organised at the           Bangalore, arranged my online demo
    Languages, Hyderabad, arranged a                     University of Mumbai Library, Kalina           at the Centre. As Bangalore has a
    major function which included the                    Campus. Some of the library science            concentration of a number of research
    inauguration of DELNET services in                   students and the staff of this University,     institutions, we hope to make our
    Hyderabad and an online demo. More                   besides the librarians in Mumbai, joined.      services available there.
    than one hundred librarians from                     This function was possible because of
                                                                                                            One of the major functions
    Hyderabad and outside Hyderabad                      the efforts made by Mrs. P. Rajahansa,
                                                                                                        organised in this series was a
    participated. Prof. A. K. Bhatnagar,                 Library-in-charge and Ms. P. V. Iyer,
                                                                                                        KELTRON-DELNET seminar on
    Vice-Chancellor, University of                       Lecturer and Assistant Librarian of the
                                                                                                        Library Networking in Thiruvanantha-
    Hyderabad, inaugurated the DELNET                    University. Mumbai has a number of
                                                                                                        puram on July 12,1999. The seminar
                                                                                                        was attended by over fifty library
                                                                                                        professionals. One of the features of
                                                                                                        the seminar was an online demo to
                                                                                                        DELNET databases. The inaugural
                                                                                                        function    was addressed by
                                                                                                        Mr. L. Radhakrishnan, IAS, Special
                                                                                                        Secretary (Industries) and MD,
                                                                                                        KELTRON, Mr. K. Mohandas, IAS,
                                                                                                        Principal Secretary (Industries) and
                                                                                                        Chairman, KELTRON, Mr. N.
                                                                                                        Chandrasekharan Nair, IAS, Principal
                                                                                                        Secretary (Higher Education), Mr. N.
                                                                                                        Ravindranath, Executive Director,
                                                                                                        KELTRON, Prof. K. A. Isaac, Former
                                                                                                        Professor and Head, Dept. of Library
                                                                                                        and Information Science, University of
                                                                                                        Kerala and Sri. N. Sukumaran Nair,
                                                                                                        President, Kerala Library Association
                                                HI -:-                                                  and Library Consultant, Kerala State
    Dr. P.K. Seth, Director, MRC, Dr. V.P. Kamboj, Former Director, CDRI, Dr. H.K. Kaul                 Library Council. The seminar resulted
                                                                                                        in KELTRON joining DELNET as its
    services. Prof. Pramod Talgeri, Vice-                good libraries and we feel that they should    State Centre in Kerala.
    Chancellor, Central Institute of English             be able to use our services.
    and Foreign Languages, presided over                                                                     We are promoting our services in
    the function. The Central Institute of                   A bigger function was organised at         other states in India and outside India
    English and Foreign Languages is                     the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune,        as well. Let us hope that DELNET
    offering full cooperation in making                  in which more than one hundred librarians      serves scholars, researchers and users
    DELNET services available to the                     participated. The online demo was clearer      in India and outside India in a more
    libraries in Hyderabad.                              at NCL as they have better INTERNET            effective way.                        •

delnet Newsletter                                                                                                           Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999

        Seminar on Library Networking in Kerala                                              of the essentials of library networking
                                                                                             at this inaugural function. Library
                                       H. K. Kaul                                            networking is meant to promote and
                                             onwards. The digital information obtains        facilitate sharing of the resources
       It gives me pleasure to participate
                                             full network capability. It can be accessed     available within a group of libraries in
  in this important seminar on Library
                                             fast and can be both current as well as         order to provide maximum information
  Networking, which is being organised
                                             material which was published in the past.       to users, lower operational cost and
  by KELTRON in collaboration with
                                             Now lately, with the use of multimedia          also make optimum use of local,
                                             applications access to information is           regional and national resources. In
       Today we live in a world which is     becoming more meaningful and more in-           orderto achieve this, we not only need
 passing through a rapid phase of growth     depth than we could ever think of in the        the reliable and relatively high speed
 as a result of the explosion in             past. This environment is making an             telecommunication infrastructure, but
 information. ITtransactions which were      impact on the universe of knowledge.            also the hardware and software that
 5 billion dollars in 1960 rose to 700 The new information technology, including             allows the creation of machine readable
 billion dollars in 1997. We are expecting   online information systems and high-tech        bibliographic records of international
 it to go up to 1,000 billion dollars in the innovations, are transforming the storage       standards. We need the communication
 year 2000. The growth of INTERNET           and retrieval systems. As a result, the         facilities that enable these records to
 itself has been phenomenal. In fact,        library and information science                 be exchanged among the libraries. In
 21,000 INTERNET domain names in             professionals have a challenge at hand.         this regard, the union catalogues play a
 1993 went up to 8,28,000 in 1997. Those who succeed, master the                             major role. The union catalogues of
 INTERNET hosts jumped from 1.3              technology, while those who do not, will        books and serials with holdings and
 million in 1993 to 16.1 million in 1997.    slowly let new IT professionals take over       databases of articles of various other
 Similarly, the WWW servers grew             their operations.                               library materials including CDs, video
 phenomenally from 130 in 1993 to 1                                                          recordings, sound recordings,
 million in 1997. Databases of different           It may be noted that with the advent      manuscripts, dissertations and grey
 types are getting created including         of INTERNET, the libraries are no longer        literature are important basic tools. It is
 bibliographic, full text, statistical, etc. a permanent fixture offering knowledge          the full text eventually which is going to
 all the time. As a result of this rapid     through books and other types of                provide maximum online access to
 change that is taking place, library        documents. The libraries can obtain wings       knowledge and help to the user with its
 professionals have a major role to play.    nowthrough INTERNET communication               hyper text applications.
 This role has various facets. One of the    and local connectivities. As a result,
 major facets of this role is to develop     information has begun to flow in and out              In order to create better digital
 communication links with the                of some of our best libraries. The concept      bibliographic tools, we have to conform
 professionals working in different          of information being fixed to the pages of      to international standards. In this day
 libraries in a state, a region, a country   the printed volumes is no longer valid          and age, any library that creates digital
 or outside the country. These links are     because the books on the stacks do not          bibliographic records should be such
 very important to be established for        provide in-depth links to related               that they are used anywhere in the
 resource sharing, because no library        information that is getting created around      world and the international system
 can be self- sufficient on the basis of its the globe. It is, therefore, in this context    should emerge in such a way that a
 collection, especially in the age when      that today we are holding this conference       record created once should not be
 massive information resources in            on Library Networking. The purpose is           created again. Because books and
 various disciplines are piling up at a      that we should be able to network the           documents eventually reach different
 high rate.                                  libraries in Kerala so that we off erthe best   parts of the world and the catalogues in
                                             and maximum information to our users at         the machine readable form should be
       We have to remember that the          low cost. The information available within      done once and not again by anybody in
 information in digital form has the         the State needs to be shared, duplication       the world. To achieve this standard a
 characterstics that makes it usable on      to be reduced and unnecessary                   great deal of cooperation between
 thelNTERNETsimultaneouslybymany             expenditure stopped. Also, we should be         librarians, library associations,
                                             able to share the digital information so        institutions and the heads of institutions
 users anywhere in the world. Such
                                             created in the State with the rest of the       is needed. Resource sharing has to
 resources are becoming available at
                                             world and share information available in        become a part of the discipline. We
 low cost and we feel that Indian scholars
                                             the libraries in and outside India freely.      notice that the same journal gets
 will be able to afford access to such
  information increasingly from now                                                          subscribed to by more than one library
                                                   It may be important to refer to some

delnet Newsletter                                                                                                Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
   in the same campus or closely situated       participation in library networks is            and DEL-WINDOWS effective
   libraries.   There is no cooperation         essential for library and information           softwares for creating MARC records
   taking place between many heads of           professionals. As we participate in a          forthe National Bibliographic Database
   the institutions. It is possible to          library network, the first important task is    Project. The project is sponsored by
   rationalise acquisition once library        to create the records of the documents          the Department of Culture, Government
   cooperation receives the blessings of       available in each library into machine          of India. On this project, DELNET
   the administrators and networking           readable form. It is only after this is done,   worked in Chennai as well as in Patiala.
   becomes effective and part of the library   can we introduce full                   scale   We created 50,000 MARC records in
   discipline.                                 computerisation in the library that covers      Punjabi, Tamil and English at the
                                               acquisition, circulation, current               International Institute of Tamil Studies,
       The inter-library loan does not exist
                                               awareness          service,       selective     Chennai and Punjabi University Library,
  in India in a big way. It is so because
                                               dissemination of information, etc. For          Patiala. We are sure that if Indian
  there is no single agency at the national
                                               undertaking these jobs, the selection of        library and information professionals
  level doing ILL effectively. DELNET
                                                                                               have to compete with the rest of the
  has 115 institutions as its members          software plays a major role. DELNET
                                                                                               world in information technology, it is
  from different parts of India and outside    was started in 1988 and we began our
                                                                                               important that they create standard
  India and we have established a              operation with CDS/ISIS. We soon noticed
                                                                                               MARC records. In orderto promote the
  separate unitto lookafterthe ILL facility    that CDS/ISIS, which is used with
                                                                                               creation of international standard
                                                                                               records, DELNET offersfree DEL-DOS
                                                                                               and DEL-WINDOWS software with
                                                                                               membership. DELNET provides the
                                                                                               solutions for the first time in India.

                                                                                                     I would like to highlight some of the
                                                                                                barriers that exist in resource sharing
                                                                                                and library networks in India today.
                                                                                               The libraries have very limited financial
                                                                                                resources. We have to adopt
                                                                                                networking and resource sharing
                                                                                                methodology which is most economical.
                                                                                                In this regard, I may mention that
                                                                                                DELNET is opening State Centres just
                                                                                               to help the states in creating library
                                                                                                networks at state level without any major
                                                                                               expenditure on their part. We are
  Mr. L. Radhakrishnan, IAS, Special Secretary (Industries) and Managing Director, KELTRON
  speaking at the KELTRON-DELNET Seminar                                                       planning to create union catalogues of
                                                                                               documents received from our member
  among the libraries in India. This has to    CommonCommunication Format (CCF)                libraries from different parts of India
  grow and I am sure that as an increasing     and not with the MARC format, could not         and make them available through
  number of institutions join DELNET           be used in the creation of union catalogues     INTERNET under each state so that
  and also with the development of             or networking operations. DELNET began          resource sharing could be undertaken
  DELNET State Centres, we are going           union catalogue work with LIBRIS                by the libraries in the state without any
  to offer document delivery service at        software which was created by an agency         expenditure on creating infrastructure
  the national level in a more effective       in Hyderabad. We again noticed that this
                                                                                               for networking or developing of union
  way.                                         software could not take in massive data.
                                                                                               catalogues of major resources. Thus
                                               We replaced it with BASISPIus, an
        It may also be noted that the          RDBMS package from IDI, USA and                 libraries could concentrate more on
  libraries that join a network should be      developed on BASISPIus several                  database creation and on acting as
  willing partners and not only participants   modules for the creation of union               switching centres, so that they provide
  under any force or compulsion. The           catalogues and other databases which            much needed access to users to
  librarians have to understand that in        we call DELSIS. As you will notice in my        information from different parts of the
  the 21st century they have to play a         demo in the first session, all the databases    world.
  significant role as information              created by DELNET are created on
  disseminators at all levels. Thus,           DELSIS. We also developed DEL-DOS                   As we access INTERNET today,

delnet Newsletter                                                                                                  Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
  we notice that the Indian content on the    different parts of India and outside India.
  INTERNET is much too small. The             We provide ILL online facility so that any      DELNET DATABASES
  reasons being that not many databases       user in the world accessing our system
  are being created in India and made         can request for a document on loan               Union Catalogue of Books: CCF
  accessible through the INTERNET.            without making any call or sending any                  5,24,398 records
  These databases could be of various         message by E-mail. We are able to
                                                                                              Union Catalogue of Books: MARC
  types including full text, bibliographic,   provide photocopies and books on loan
                                                                                                       20,000 records
  etc. There is also a need for developing    from our member libraries.
  special databases in which special                                                           Union List of Current Periodicals
  libraries could contribute well and this          It is heartening to note that the                 in Delhi Libraries
  information could be used by the users       Government of India and some of the                      16,211 records
  in the rest of the country and outside.      State Governments, including the
                                                                                               Union Catalogue of Periodicals in
 We notice that there are several              Government of Kerala are promoting IT
                                                                                                       Delhi Libraries
  institutions specialising in the same        application in libraries seriously. We
                                                                                                       10,203 records
 discipline in the country. Although           need high speed communication
 nobody can stop them from doing so,           bandwidth for the libraries and the              Database of Periodical Articles
 we could suggest to them that there is        networks so that the access is faster and              1,27,081 records
 enormous duplication taking place.           a large number of users access the
                                              system simultaneously. DELNET is                       CD-ROM Database
 There is a need for rationalisation and                                                                138 records
                                              looking towards better coordination with
 more cooperation in regard to creating
                                              the State Governments as well. For quick          Union List of Video Recordings
 databases. We will also have to see
                                              transformation of libraries in each state,                1,794 records
 how rationalisation could affect
                                              training of library and information
 collection development             in the                                                      Union List of Sound Recordings
                                              professionals is necessary. This training
 institutions and how they could save                                                                     500 records
                                              has to be in IT applications and library
 the precious foreign exchange in the
                                              networking and it has to be on a continuous      Databases of Urdu Manuscripts
 acquisition of important material. As in
                                              basis. This is needed so thatthe librarians               210 records
 the case of databases creation work,
                                              and information professionals prepare
 similarly in the case of acquisition of                                                           Database of Theses and
                                              themselves for the new millennium.
 documents and collection development,                                                                  Dissertations
                                              DELNET is making some contribution in
 rationalisation could play an important      this regard. DELNET organises the                         251 records
 role. This can happen only if we bring       National Convention on Library and
 the institutions closer in various                                                              Indian Specialists' Database: A
                                              Information Networking and invites                         Who's Who
 disciplines and make them cooperate          librarians to participate in the tutorials as             2,000 records
 with each other. There is another major      well as in the National Convention. I may
 obstacle which needs to be highlighted.      also mention that there is great need to            Union List of Newspapers
 Often the heads of institutions do not       change the curricula of the Library and
 believe in resource sharing and                                                                Serials: Management Libraries
                                              Information Science Departments in the                     800 records
 therefore do not allow documents to be       universities. We should induct IT
 shared by the institutions. I think there    professionals into these Departments so          Union List of Serials: Petroleum
 is a need to request such administrators     that the students who are emerging from             and Natural Gas Sector
 that in this day and age cooperation is      these universities are going to manage                     900 records
 a must and it has to be deep rooted and      modern libraries for the modern users.
                                                                                               Union Catalogue of Hindi Books
 entrenched among the institutions.
                                                                                                       3,000 records
      As may be noted in India, several            Finally, I sincerely hope that the
                                                                                                     DEVINSA Database
 experiments were made to establish           seminar on Library Networking being
                                                                                                       20,000 records
 city networks, but DELNET emerged            organised today, turns into a milestone
 as the first operational library network.    for the networking of libraries in Kerala.       Directory of Libraries/Networks
 Our expenses have been relatively            DELNET offers full cooperation in this          Database of Publications in Indian
 small and we are now offering our            educational and research oriented                          Languages
 databases and services to libraries in       enterprise.                              •

delnet   Newsletter                                                                                            Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
                                                                                                   He then defined multimedia,
                      Multimedia In Libraries                                                 describing it as information provided in
                                              and to present it to the user in one place.     different formats, like pictures, moving
      DELNET, in collaboration with the
                                                                                              pictures, sound and also the text,
 British Council Division, British High
                                                   Dr. Vijayaditya, in his opening speech     through one media. Dr. Thompson felt
 Commission organised a lecture
                                              noted that IT had become the key factor         that having information in multimedia in
 demonstration on Multimedia in
 Libraries:Some Recent Develop-               in today's life. He said that though we         the libraries was not sufficient, but what
 ments and Solutions by Dr. Anthony           talked of library computerisation much          we needed was an integrated approach
 Hugh Thompson, Managing Editor,              earlier, not much progress had taken            to the information available and all the
 Multimedia       Information      and        place till recently, and in the late 1990s it   staff in a library should be involved in all
 Technology, UK, on Friday, March 19,         had suddenly exploded, as the need had          the media so that when a reader
 1999 at the India International Centre.      arisen. This was the reason why the             approached the staff, they should be in
                                              Government had set up an IT Task Force          a position to provide all the information
     Mr. P. Jayarajan, Library and            and was emphasizing on building up the          available in one place.
 Information Services Manager (India),        infrastructure for storing and transacting
 the British Council, introduced the topic    information through electronic media, and            He cited the example of the
 and the speaker, and Dr. N. Vijayaditya,     for creating virtual libraries. He hoped        Pompadour Centre in Paris, which was
 Deputy Director-General, National            that our librarians would be able to learn      one of the best multimedia virtual
 Informatics Centre, presided over the        a great deal from an experienced                libraries in the world where they had an
 meeting.                                      professional like Dr. Thompson, about          integrated approach to information.
      Introducing the speaker, Mr.            the newtechnology of digital applications.           Dr. Thompson referred to an ideal
 Jayarajan observed that Dr. Thompson                                                         digital library that has CLDs (Compact
                                                   Dr. Thompson alluded to the new
 was by no means new to us, since he                                                          Laser Disc) and DVDs (Digital Versatile
                                              technologies adopted in the libraries which
 had visited India several times on other                                                     Disc), which can hold 25 times more
                                              were going to have an impact on the
 occasions. He described Dr. Thompson                                                         information than a conventional CD.
                                              librarians in future. He felt that within the
 as a teacher, author, editor, and a                                                          He also spoke extensively about the
                                              nextfewyears, libraries all overthe world
 speaker, besides being a scholar in the                                                      different kinds of material available in
 field of information technology and said     would be moving into the multimedia age.
                                                                                              DVDs. Visualising the future, Dr.
 that we had much to learn from his           Librarians would have no choice but to
                                                                                              Thompson felt that shortly all the major
 knowledge regarding the technology           move with the trade, as publishers would
                                                                                              reference books would disappearfrom
 transmission and storage of                  take the lead and publish books in elec-
                                                                                              the library shelves and what would
 information. He maintained that              tronic form. Already many journals were
                                                                                              remain would only be CDs and DVDs.
 multimedia was the technology to bring        being published electronically, either in      He also thought that even large
 together various facets of information       the form of CDs or throughlNTERNET.             databases would be made available on
                                                                                              discs and not on computer hard discs
                                                                                              and felt that presentation of visual
                                                                                              images was more important for
                                                                                              providing information. He also stressed
                                                                                              on the need for language labs in libraries
                                                                                              and the importance of interactive
                                                                                              multimedia, where a reader could
                                                                                              actually interact with information by
                                                                                              asking questions and extracting
                                                                                                  Talking about the potentiality of the
                                                                                              INTERNET, Dr. Thompson maintained
                                                                                              that in the near future it was going to
                                                                                              grow extensively, overflowing with
                                                                                              information. Advising the librarians on
                                                                                              the need for training, Dr. Thompson
  Dr. N. Vijayaditya, Deputy Director-General, NIC                                            said that though we had computers,

delnet   Newsletter                                                                                                  Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
 used several prog rammes and facilities,     introduction of analog and digital               played in double glazed glass walled
 unless we educated the users on the          technologies, and affirmed that the high         rooms to seat 20-30 people. In this
 use of these programmes and facilities,      fidelity T V screens could be plugged into       library they had several TV sets
 they would not be useful at all. He also     the laser disc-phones or computers to            permanently hooked to different satellite
 stressed on the need for training the        get better photographic display.                 channels. You could also book time
 staff in the use of new technologies so                                                       slots to see any programme or to hear
                                                   Dr. Thompson described in detail
 that they could tackle all the needs of                                                       a cassette or CD. The library also
                                              how the satellite works for transmitting
 the users efficiently. He suggested                                                           permitted one to test several new
                                              TV signals through large areas and
 that all the equipment in a library should                                                    computer programmes so that one was
                                              explained how multi communication
 be properly displayed with care so that      satellites transmitted telephone signals,        familiar with them before one decided
 users could see it. He also spoke on         which were used for INTERNET                     to buy them.
 Video on Demand and On Demand                information networks.
 Publishing.                                                                                         Dr. Thompson then spoke about
                                                  Dr. Thompson then gave an                    the City of Science and Industry in
     Dr. Thompson discussed the DVD           elucidation of some virtual/digital libraries,   Paris, which was theirscience museum,
 technology and solid state technology        which included the Pompadour Centre              that was inspired and influenced by the
 in detail. Regarding DVD technology,         and Mediatech of the City Science and            PompadourCentre. He described it as
                                                                                               a brightly coloured library with its own
                                                                                               classification system. He mentioned
                                                                                               that they had separate areas earmarked
                                                                                               for children and the blind, with electronic
                                                                                               braille readers and discussed their
                                                                                               special issuing system.
                                                                                                   From Paris, Dr. Thompson took
                                                                                               his audience to Singapore. He took
                                                                                               them on a tour of the Polytechnic of
                                                                                               Singapore, which had a very large
                                                                                               multimedia centre with about 90 TVs
                                                                                               and VCRs, and multimedia computers
                                                                                               and a large collection of educational
                                                                                               material and was very popular with
                                                                                                     Dr. Thompson then showed slides
                                                                                               of the Singapore National Library, which
 Or. Anthony Hugh Thompson delivering his talk at IIC
                                                                                               also ran their public library system. It
 Dr. Thompson enumerated that in future       Industry, both in Paris, and the Polytechnic     was fully equipped with multimedia
 each disc would be able to hold more         of Singapore and Singapore National              facilities all overthe library. He observed
 and more information such as 5 million       Library. Dr. Thompson presented a slide          that many of its regular users were
 pages provided the tiniest laser beam        show of approximately 100 slides about           children. Their children's section also
 to read the vast amount of information       these libraries while describing them.           had multimedia facilities and the
 stored on the disc was available. But it                                                      children as young as 5-6 years old
                                                   About the 20-year-old Pompadour             were allowed to use them. In this
 would be definitely possible in the near     Centre, Dr. Thompson described it as
 future, he hoped. He also felt that                                                           library also, the user could type in the
                                              nearest to being a full multimedia library.
 shortly, recordable DVD-ROMs would                                                            request on the keyboard, which got
                                              It was so popular that within two hours of
 replace VCRs, which would give better                                                         registered on the screens in the control
                                              opening in the morning all of its 5,000
 quality. Providing a vast encyclopedia                                                        room and the staff there would pick up
                                              seats would be full and another 5,000
 on a DVD in multimedia would be much         people would be waiting their turn to get        the required documents from the
 easier, compact and much less                in! He described its architecture, how its       shelves and send them back to the
 expensive than producing multi volume        resources were arranged to intermingle           users.
 hard copies. He noted how the T V itself     together and how its staff helped the                                   — A. VijayaMurthy
 was undergoing vast changes with the         users. Films and grand operas were also                                                  a
delnet Newsletter                                                                                                   Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
                                                                                                libraries, 61 Taluk libraries and 14 Model
   Application of Information Technology in                                                     village libraries at the rate of one per
   the Libraries of Kerala : A Status Report                                                    district, all with modern facilities.

                       N. Sukumaran Nair and K.P. Vijaya Kumar                                       There are about 40 Municipal
                                                                                                libraries all overthe state, controlled by
                                                                                                the municipal administration. They also
  1 Introduction                                envisaged a 3-tier system of
                                                                                                come underthe group of Public libraries.
                                                administration, viz. the State Library
        Information technology has                                                              Though several are in bad shape at
                                                Council, District Library Council andTaluk
   become an inevitable ingredient in the                                                       present, efforts are being made to
                                                Library Council. The State Library Council
   functioning of modern libraries                                                              reorganise them. The District
                                                is the apex body to which about 4,000
   throughout the world. This trend is                                                          panchayats (14 in number) and Block
                                                Public libraries have so far been affiliated.
  clearly discernible in the library scene                                                      panchayats are also trying to strengthen
                                                The affiliated libraries are categorised
  in Kerala as well. As is generally                                                            the libraries in their respective areas.
                                                into 6 groups from A to F, on the basis of
  followed, the libraries in our state can
                                                infrastructural facilities and services         3 Academic Libraries
  be broadly classified as the Public
                                                offered. These libraries are neither
  libraries, Academic libraries and Special                                                         Academic libraries constitute
                                                technically organised nor manned by
  libraries on the basis of the clientele for                                                   libraries of schools, colleges,
                                                professionally qualified librarians.
  whom they function. The infrastructural                                                       universities and similar institutions,
  facilities and the level of performance                Even though Library legislation        which cater to the needs of different
  of these libraries also vary for obvious      was enacted in-Kerala in 1989, the State        levels of the Academic community and
  reasons. Let us examine the structure         Library Council came into power only in         supplement academic instruction.
  andfunctioning of these different groups      1994. Afterthe assumption of charge, the
  of libraries.                                 Council has initiated steps to reorganise           3.1 School Libraries
                                                the Public library sectoron modern lines.
  2 Public Libraries                                                                                 In Kerala the school library sector
                                                As afirst step, training programmes have
                                                                                                is unsatisfactorily developed. There are
       The Public Library movement in           been started to impart professional
                                                                                                2,592 high schools, 2,964 upper primary
  Kerala began as early as 1829 with the        training to the untrained working librarians.
                                                                                                schools and 6,717 lower primary
  establishment of theTrivandrum Public         It is estimated that on the whole, librarians
                                                                                                schools in the state. Central schools
  Library. This was followed by the             can be given training within the next five
                                                                                                and some higher secondary schools in
  opening of the few major libraries such       years and the libraries can be re-
                                                                                                the management sector have libraries
  as the Emakulam Public Library (1871),        organised on scientific lines by that time.
                                                                                                to supplement academic instruction.
  Trichur Public Library (1873), Kottayam                                                       All other schools possess a collection
  Public Library(1882) and the Public                  The State Library Council has a
                                                scheme to establish District libraries and      of books kept either in the headmaster's
  Libraries at Tellichery (1901), Calicut                                                       room or in the game's room. No
  (1924) and Cannanore (1972). The late         Taluk libraries on modem lines. The
                                                                                                separate space is allotted f orthe school
  nineteenth century          saw the           scheme envisages the upgradation of
                                                                                                library. In the absence of a qualified
  establishment of many more libraries          the existing libraries to the level of the
                                                                                                librarian, a teacher is given additional
  in the erstwhile States of Travancore,        District libraries or Taluk libraries
                                                                                                charge of the library and there are no
  Cochin and Malabar areas. The                 wherever it is possible and the
                                                                                                library facilities in the lower primary
  Travancore Grandhasala Sanghom                establishment of fresh ones where such
  was formed in 1945, which was                 upgradation becomes impossible. Steps
  renamed Kerala Grandhasala                    have already been taken to establish                3.2 College Libraries
  Sanghom after the State of Kerala was         Model village libraries, Academic study
  formed in 1956. Kerala Grandhasala            centres, Career guidance centres, etc. at             There are about 254 colleges
  Sanghom has succeeded in opening a            places where they are required. Activities      affiliated to Kerala, Mahatma Gandhi,
  large number of libraries throughout          to transform Public libraries into              Calicut, Kannur and Agricultural
  the length and breadth of the state and       Community information centres are also          Universities in Kerala. College libraries
  the number of Public libraries rose to        in progress. These developments will            are categorised as first, second, third
   5,239.                                       naturally demand the application of             and fourth grade on the basis of certain
                                                information technology in the Public library    criteria. For colleges that have the first,
     Library legislation was enacted in         sector. Thus, when these activities are         second and third grade libraries, there
  Kerala in 1989. The legislation               completed, Kerala will have 14 District         will be one librarian in the prescribed

delnet Newsletter                                                                                                    Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
  grade and a fourth grade librarian. For       Vellanikkara, Thrissur in addition to the         libraries, Business and industrial
  the fourth grade libraries, there will be     eight constituent college libraries. The          libraries and Government departmental
  only one librarian of that grade. By and      new Central Library established in 1995           libraries.
  large, the collections of college libraries   is equipped with all modern facilities. The
  were not technically processed. But           constituent colleges are:                             4.1 Research Libraries
  the Expert Committee Report on
                                                1.   College of Agriculture, Pilicode.                 The research libraries are attached
  College Libraries brought out in 1994,
                                                                                                  to the research institutions and their
  suggested a number of programmes              2.   College of Agriculture, Vellayani
                                                                                                  main purpose is to provide information
  for the all round development of the          3.   College of Cooperation and Banking,          support to research activities. A list of
  college libraries. Now there appears a             Mannuthy                                     research institutions which have been
  changing trend. Many colleges have
                                                4.   College of Fisheries, Panangad               established in Keralaat various periods
  recently started the technical
                                                                                                  since 1940 and which possess good
  processing of their library collection. If    5.   College of Forestry, Vellanikkara
                                                                                                  libraries are listed here:
  this trend continues, it will definitely      6. College of Horticulture, Vellanikkara
  invite IT application in the college                                                            •   Agency for Non-Conventional
  libraries.                                    7.   College of Veterinary and Animal
                                                                                                      Energy and Rural Technology,
                                                     Science?, Mannuthy
      3.3 University Libraries                  8.   Kelappaji College of Agricultural
                                                                                                  •   Central Institute of Fisheries
                                                     Engineering and Technology,
      Kerala has seven Universities, viz.                                                             Technology
  University of Kerala (1937), University                                                         •   Central Marine Fisheries Research
  of Calicut (1968), Cochin University of            The Sanskrit University Library was              Institute, Kochi
  Science andTechnology (1971), Kerala          established at Kaladi in 1995. It is at the       •   Central Plantation Crops Research
  Agricultural University (1972), Mahatma       inception stage. The University Centre at             Institute, Kayamkulam
  Gandhi University (1983), Sree                Thiruvanathapuram also minatains a
                                                library.                                          •   Central Tuber Crops Research
  Sankara Sanskrit University (1994)
                                                                                                      Institute, Thiruvanathapuram
  and Kannur University (1995).
                                                    The Kannur University Library is              •   Centre for Development of Imaging
       Kerala University Library was            being organised and so far no library                 Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
  established in 1942. With the inception       building has been constructed.                    •   Centre for Earth Science Studies,
  of the new campus at Kariavattom, a                                                                 Thiruvanathapuram
  campus library was also established                Collection in all the University libraries
                                                is technically processed and the libraries        •   Centre for Water Resource
  there. In addition to these two central
                                                are provided with adequate manpower.                  Development and Management,
  libraries, every teaching department is
                                                These libraries offer many kinds of                   Kozhikode
  equipped with a good library manned
  by professionally qualified librarians.       information services.                             •   Electronic    Research   and
                                                                                                      Development           Centre,
      Calicut University Library was            4 Special Libraries                                   Thiruvananthapuram
 established in 1970. Apart form the                                                              •   Fluid Control Research Institute,
 main library, various teaching and re-              Special libraries began to emerge
 search departments maintain theirown           and develop at the beginning of the
                                                twentieth century in response to the              •   Forest Research Institute, Peechi.
 libraries. Cochin University Library
 started functioning in 1977. There also        increased tempo of industrial, scientific         •   Geological Survey of India,
 various teaching and research depart-          and technological advances. These                     Thiruvananthapuram
 ments maintain their own libraries, in         libraries are attached to the research and        •   Indian Institute of Spices Research,
 addition to the main University Library.       development, industrial, professional, and            Kozhikode
 Mahatma Gandhi University Library              similar institutions. Science and
                                                                                                  •   Kerala Engineering Research
 was started in 1983 and attained               technology libraries constitute the major
                                                                                                      Institute, Peechi
 sufficient development within a short          chunk of the special libraries in Kerala.
                                                These function under the Central                  •   National Transportation Planning
 period of time. It has the Central Library
                                                Government, State Government,                         and      Research       Centre,
 alone on the main campus.
                                                autonomous bodies or private agencies.                Thiruvananthapuram
      The Agricultural University Library       The special libraries can be classified           •   Naval Physical Oceanographic
  system consists of a Central Library at       into Research libraries, Social science               Laboratory, Kochi

delnet Newsletter                                                                                                     Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
 •    Regional    Cancer         Centre,      support. Over the years, a number of           financial and other support from the
      Thiruvananthapuram                      industrial concerns emerged in Kerala          parent body and as they are established
 •    Regional Centre of the National         and they began to build up library and         with the prime intention of providing
      Institute of Oceanography, Kochi        information centres. The following is a list   custom tailored service to their special
                                              of such institutions:                          readers, most of them are well
 •    Regional Research Laboratory,
                                                                                             developed and keep pace with their
      Thiruvananthapuram                      •   Cochin Refineries Ltd                      counterparts in the rest of the country.
 •    Rubber Research Institute of            •   Cochin Shipyard
      Technology, Kottayam                                                                   5 Use of Computers in Libraries
                                              •   Fertilizers and Chemicals of
 •    Software Technology           Park,         Travancore, Ernakulam                            Though in the earlier part, libraries
      Thiruvananthapuram                      •   Hindustan       Machine      Tools,        were listed in the orderof public libraries,
 •    Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute for          Kalamasery                                 academic libraries and special libraries,
      Medical Sciences and Technology,                                                       in this section I prefer to mention them
                                              •   Hindustan Newsprint Project,
      Thiruvananthapuram                                                                     in the reverse order, just to follow a
                                                                                             chronological pattern. In the order of
 •    State      Nirmiti         Kendra,      •   Instrumentation Ltd., Palakkad             using computers, special libraries come
      Thiruvanthapuram                        •   Kerala State Industrial Development        first followed by academic and public.
 •    Thumba Equatorial Rocket                    Corporation, Thiruvananthapuram
      Launching          Station,                                                                 5.1 Special Library Scenario
                                              •   Marine     Products       Export
      Thiruvananthapuram                          Development Authority, Kochi                    In a study in 1994, only 32 libraries
 •    Tropical Botanical Garden and                                                          in Kerala were found using computers.
                                                  4.4 Goverment           Department
      Research Institute, Palode                                                             Of these 24 (75 per cent) were special
                                                                                             libraries, 7 (21.9 per cent) were
      4.2 Social Science Library                   Many of the government departments        academic libraries and one was a public
                                              maintain theirown libraries. The following     library.
      Social science research was mostly
 confined to University Departments           is a list of such libraries:                   The special libraries were:
 before the 1970s. This was diversified
                                              •   Central Administrative Tribunal,           1. Central Institute of Fisheries
 with the establishment of the Centre of          Ernakulam                                     Technology, Kochi
 Development Studies, Thiruvanantha-
 puram in 1971. Since then a numberof         •    Department of Archives, Thiruvanan-       2. Central Tuber Crops Research
 Social science libraries were                    thapuram                                      Institute, Palakkad
 established over the years. A list of        •   Department of Forests, Thiruvanan-         3. Centre for Development Studies,
 institutions with such libraries are             thapuram                                      Thiruvananthapuram
 mentioned here:                              •    Doordarshan Kendra, Thiruvanan-           4.   Centre   for   Management
                                                  thapuram                                        Development, Thiruvanantha-
 •    AKG Centre of Research and
                                              •   Kerala High Court, Ernakulam.                   puram
      Studies, Thiruvananthapuram
                                              •    Kerala Legislative Assembly,              5.   Centre for Water Resource
 •    Centre for Development Studies,                                                             Development and Management,
      Thiruvananthapuram                                                                          Kozhikode
                                              •   Kerala State Electricity Board,
 •    International School of Dravidian                                                      6.   ER & DC, Thiruvananthapuram
      Linguistics, Thiruvanathapuram
                                              •   Kerala State Film Development              7.   Fluid Control Research Institute,
 •    Kerala Institute for Research                                                               Idukki
                                                  Corporation, Thiruvananthapuram
      Training and Development Studies,
                                              •   Public Relations Department,               8.   Indian Cardamom Research
                                                  Thiruvananthapuram                              Institute, idukki
 •    University Departments
                                              •   Public Service Commission,                 9.   Institute for Management in
      4.3 Business and Industrial                 Thiruvananthapuram                              Government, Thiruvananthapuram
          Libraries                                                                          10. KFRI, Peechi, Thrissur
                                                 It is estimated that the government
       Industrial establishments began to     department libraries amount to 50.             11. KITCO (Kerala IndustrialandTech-
  emerge in Travancore in the 1930s, but                                                         nical Consultancy Organisation),
  the small industries did not have library       Since the special libraries get full           Kochi

delnet Newsletter                                                  10                                              Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
  12. KITTS (KeralaInstituteforTourism      Mathrubhumi Daily, Calicut, and The              established by upgrading the already
      and Travel Studies), Thiruvanan-      Indian Express, Kochi have joined the list       existing high schools, those students
      thapuram                              with state of the art facilities. In tune with   are also denied the privilege of using
  13. KSIDC, Thiruvanathapuram              the times, some 12 institutions have opted       libraries.On other extremes there are
                                            for LAN facilities within the library. Two       public schools, both aided and unaided,
  14. Kerala State Planning Board,          special libraries have access to the VSAT        which provide excellent library services.
      Thiruvanathapuram                                                                      Most of them have started using
                                            facility. The libraries with the LAN facility
  15. LPSC, Thiruvananthapuram              have also opted for INTERNET                     computers to catalogue and circulate
  16. Naval Physical Oceanographic          connectivity. The libraries of Sree Chithira     documents. In fact, the Kerala Library
      Laboratory, Kochi                     Thirunal Institute of Medical Sciences,          Association has been giving technical
                                            Regional Cancer Centre, Centre for               advice to some of these schools for
  17. Regional Physical Oceanographic
                                            Development Studies, Regional                    library computerisation.
      Laboratory, Kochi
                                            Research Laboratory, Naval Physical
  18. Regional Research Laboratory,                                                               The St. Thomas Residential School
                                            Oceanographic Laboratory, Kerala Forest
      Thiruvananthapuram                                                                     Thiruvananthapuram, for example, has
                                            Research Institute, Kerala State Industrial
                                                                                             automated the circulation of books in
  19. Rubber Research Institute of India,   Development Corporation, etc. have
      Kottayam                              computerised           their       database
                                                                                             was from experience that many school
 20. Spices Board, Kochi                    development activities and almost all the
                                                                                             authorities are enthusiastic about the
                                            housekeeping operations. The NACID
 21. Sree Chithira Thirunal Institute of                                                     use of computers in libraries, since
                                            Centre for NISSAT also functions at the
     Medical Sciences and Technology                                                         they offer computer            literacy
                                            KSIDC Information Centre.
     (Hospital Wing), Thiruvanantha-                                                         programmes to students.But the main
     puram                                       Many more libraries like.CESS, Indian       hurdle is the absence of integrated
  22. SCTIMST (Biomedical Wing),            Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode,         library software at an affordable rate.
      Thiruvananthapuram                    and FEDO, Kochi are preparing                    The St. Thomas Residential School is
                                            themselves to join the fray. The                 experimenting with a package
 23. Tropical Botanical Gardens and                                                          developed by the Advanced Information
                                            INTERNET has proved itself to be a
     Research Institute Palode,                                                              Management Society (AIMS), a group
                                            major attraction for the libraries to use
     Thiruvananthapuram                                                                      of     computer : enthusiasts in
  24. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre,                                                          Thiruvananthapuram. Anotherobstacle
      Thiruvanathapuram                         There are about twenty libraries             here is the absence of library
                                            attached to the various departments of           professionals in government and aided
      The fact that these libraries were    the Government of Kerala.Most of them            schools to man the libraries. The
 found to be using computers does not       are one man libraries. None of them              government is yet to create the posts of
 mean that they were computerised           makes use of IT facilities. The heavily          librarians even in higher secondary
 libraries. In fact, many of them were      used ones like the Legislative Library and       schools.
 using computers for word processing        Central Secretariat Library are yet to
 and data base management. The free         consider the automation seriously. The               5.2.2. College Libraries
 distribution of the CDS/SISI package       High Court Library, however, makes use                The study conducted in 1994, about
 by NISSAT played a crucial role in         of systems mainly to search the JURIS            which mention was made earlier,
 inculcating the use of computers for       Database.                                        revealed that only four colleges make
 catalogue preparation and compilation                                                       use of computers for library work. The
                                                5.2 Academic Libraries
 of bibliographies. Except for five                                                          only Arts and Science College which
 libraries,all of them possessed either         5.2.1 School Libraries
                                                                                             was found to possess a computer
 PC-AT or PC-XT. Only two libraries             As stated earlier, in the majority of        system made use of it mainly for
 were found to be using any integrated      high schools, the library as a supporting        multimedia viewing. The other three
 library software like LIBSYS. Today,       service still remains elusive. There are         were one engineering college, one
 the situation has changed entirely. More   schools, which have a collection of more         medical college and an agricultural
 libraries, such as Central Marine          than 30,000 books, but the library is            college. The Model Engineering
 Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI),      absent. The collection is put in charge of       College, Thrikkakara, Kochi was the
 Kochi Central Plantation Crops             a regular teacher who has the same               one which began to use computers for
 Research Institute (CPCRI), Kasargod,      teaching workload as other teachers.             library automation. They had developed
 Malayalam ManoramaDaWy, Kottayam,          Since the higher secondary schools are           a software there itself mainly for

delnet Newsletter                                                11                                              Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
 database creation and circulation              problems. Using part of the assistance        automation activities are taking place.
 purposes. The other college library is         given by UGC for the modernisation of         The Central Library of the University at
 the Medical College, Thiruvanantha-            the library, the Central Library could buy    Vellanikkara, Thrissur came up only in
 puram. Here the computer was mainly            many systems and databases. In 1998,          the 1990s. But within a short span of
 used for reading the CD-ROMs. But              INTERNET connectivity was also                time it has emerged as a fully
 over the last five years there is a            obtained.lt has also procured LIBSYS          computerised library with dozens of
 sweeping change in the college sector.         software recently.But the catalogue           computer systems with all the modern
 As many as 50 colleges have procured           conversion, use of computers for other        amenities. But the otherseven colleges
 at least one system for the library. This      housekeeping operations and LAN facility      lag behind in computerisation.
 also includes some government                  interconnecting the various sections are
 colleges. All of them are engaged in the       yet to take off. The Kariavattom Campus            The Calicut University Library
 retrospective conversion of their              Library of the University of Kerala has       deserves special mention. Though the
 catalogue. Another 15 colleges have            effectively made use of the scanty            computerisation activities began only
 submitted proposals for the                    computer facilities it had as far back as     in 1997, it become a fully computerised
 procurement of computers eitherto the          1996. It has now procured a state-of-the-     University Library in the state within
 UGC or to the Higher Education                                                               two years. It was inaugurated in May
                                                art server for LAN facility; INTERNET
 Department.                                                                                  1999. This library has also succeeded
                                                connectivity was obtained in 1997. It will
                                                                                              in installing its own VSAT facility.
                                                serve as the hub of the Campus LAN
      The decision to start a B.Sc.             sanctioned by the University.                      5.3 Public Libraries
 computer science programme in many
 colleges has come in handy because                 The Central Library of the Cochin              The British Library, Thiruvanan-
 many students come forward to take             University of Science and Technology          thapuram serves as a beacon light in
 up the development of packages for             was the second University Library to          this sector. This is one of the rare
 library computerisation as their project       procure computer systems. They also           libraries, which used to function
 work mainly using d Base IV, FoxPro or         have the LAN facility. But they use mainly    effectively even in the manual mode.
 Visual Basic. But the main problem             centred round database creation and CD-       The use of IT has further augmented
 arising out of this situation is the lack of   ROM search.Now the library is going to        the efficiency. It makes use of the
 standardisation of the packages and            be fully automated using the funds            LIBSYS network version forthe various
 the non-availability of experts who can        obtained from Dutch assistance. The           library operations.
 overcome the bugs that are likely to           campus LAN facility is also coming up.
 arise.                                                                                            When we turn towards other Public
                                                The library software is supplied by the       libraries, the picture is rather dismal.
                                                Dutch agency.                                 The Trivandrum Public Library, which
      The Kerala Library Association is
 implementing a project to create a                                                           is also the State Central Library, has
                                                     The Mahatma Gandhi University
 computerised catalogue for the                                                               considered using computers only
                                                Library procured the system in 1995, but
 Government Training College,                                                                 recently and they have just started the
                                                unlike other libraries, they made effective
 Thiruvananthapuram, using library                                                            catalogue conversion. This itself is an
                                                use of it from the very beginning.
 software by KELTRON. The work is                                                             encouraging sign.
                                                Immediately afterwards online search of
 not over and at present it is too              the international databases was started,           As far as the rest of the Public
 premature to say anything about the            the first among University Libraries in       libraries      are concerned, no
 efficacy of the software. But I want to        Kerala. Using l-net facility, INTERNET        generalisation is possible. As I
 stress here that if KELTRON is really          access was also started. Now the library      mentioned earlier, the 4,000 and odd
 interested, this is a potential area where     has procured all the necessary                libraries are affiliated to the State Library
 hundreds of clients are likely to arise if     infrastructure for the LAN so that it can     Council. The State Library Council has
 the software is reasonably priced. The         play a crucial role in the Campus LAN         embarked on the ambitious programme
 Government Arts College is also                which is coming up.                           of revitalising these libraries. In the last
 experimenting with the same software.                                                        two years, four district level libraries
                                                    The Agricultural University has only      have been identified. They are Quilon
      5.2.3. University Libraries
                                                8 libraries attached to the constituent       Public Library and Research Centre,
        Kerala University Library was the       colleges. Of these, the College of            Kollam, Kottayam Public Library,
  first to buy three microcomputers in          Agriculture, Vellayani is the first to use    Ernakulam Public Library and Thrissur
  1989. But they could be put to effective      computers in the library. The catalogue       Public Library. Of these, Kottayam and
  use only in 1993, owing to several            has already been converted and other          Thrissur have converted theircatalogue

delnet Newsletter                                                   12                                              VoL 6, No. 1, July 1999
  into machine-readable format.                it, the annual budget of the Government            software at an affordable price is
  Kottayam Public Library has started          of Kerala allows individual departments            an impediment as far as college
  circulating the documents using              to make use of 3 per cent of their budget          and school libraries are concerned.
  computers. Ernakulam and Quilon              forcomputerisation. Furtherthere is also
  Public Libraries have acquired the           a plan to open thousands of INTERNET          4.   Finally, I repeat here what I have
  system with assistance from the State        booths in the state. Rural libraries are           mentioned earlier. Agencies like
  Library Council and work is already in       likely to provide facilities to a number of        KELTRON can render competent
  progress.                                    them. The Government has also                      service to the profession by offering
                                               announced that by 2002 alt high schools            an effective software at a moderate
      The State Library Council has also
                                               in the state will be provided with the             price.
  identified 6 Model rural libraries at the
  rate of one from each district. They are     INTERNET facility. All these are likely to
                                                                                                  The libraries, both Academic and
  classifying the documents as a prelude       provide a boost to computerisation
                                                                                             Special, at least in Thiruvananthapuram
  to computerising them. It can thus be        activities in the state.
                                                                                             and Kochi, are in a position to form
  stated that computers and other IT                                                         Metropolitan Networks. It is high time
                                               7 Conclusion
  gadgets would be used in at least 100
                                                                                             that the library professionals in the state,
  Public libraries in the next three years.        A cursory survey like this reveals        academicians, authorities of institutions
                                               certain salient points:                       concerned, promoting agencies of
  6 Favourable Factors for Library
  Automation                                   1.   Kerala is not far behind in the          information technology like KELTRON,
                                                    computerisation of libraries.            ER&DC, NIC, C-DIT and finally the
      Of late, the Government of Kerala                                                      Government of Kerala resolve to make
  has launched an ambitious programme          2.   There is a revival of interest among
                                                    college libraries for automation.        such networks a reality in the immediate
  of IT application at the government
  level for the next three years. As part of   3. Absence of an integrated library

                                Sankhya Vahini                                               atthe India International Centre. Dr. N.
                                                                                             Seshagiri, Director-General, National
      Dr. Raj Reddy, Dean of the School        librarians and information specialists in     Informatics Centre, Government of
  of Computer Sciences and Dr. V.S.            Delhi to present Sankhya Vahini : The         India, presided.
  Arunachalam, Distinguished Professor,        Data Network for India, created by them,
  Department of Engineering, Carnegie          on Tuesday, March 16, 1999. The                     Introducing Dr. Raj Reddy, Dr.
  Mellon University, USA, addressed the        programme was organised by DELNET,             Seshagiri observed that as the father of
                                                                                              several robotics, Dr. Reddy had made
                                                                                             a significant contribution not only in the
                                                                                             area of robotics, but to the IT as a whole
                                                                                             and to the culture of IT worldwide. He
                                                                                             said that Dr. Reddy's research included
                                                                                             a study of human interaction and
                                                                                             artificial intelligence. He was also
                                                                                             involved in the projects on speech
                                                                                              recognition software and cognitive
                                                                                             systems networks. Dr. Reddy was a
                                                                                             member of the National Academy of
                                                                                             Engineering, American Academy of
                                                                                             Arts and Sciences, and President of
                                                                                             the American Association of Artificial
                                                                                             Intelligence. Dr. Reddy was also
                                                                                             awarded the Legion of Honour by
                                                                                             President Mitterand of France. Dr.
                                                                                             Seshagiri then explained the
                                                                                             contribution of India in the field of IT.
  Dr. N. Seshagiri, Director-General, NIC

delnet Newsletter                                                 13                                               Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
 He spoke of the role of the National                 Dr. Reddy narrated a brief history of
 Task Force on IT, set up by the Prime           how the technology of data transfer had              DELNET Introduces RF
 Minister, and its sub-committees. He            evolved originally, through E-mail which                  Linkage
 maintained that though India entered            was the communication between                   DELNET has installed 64 kbps RF Linkage
 the field of fibre optics quite late, owing     computers, as an alternative to telephone       with the courtesy of National Informatics
 to the significant contribution of the          communication.          He said        that     Centre and has also installed a high speed
 Department of Telecommunications, it                                                            data server with the latest version of the
                                                 communication through the original              operating system in order to provide effective,
 had found its roots, as a 75,000 km.            E-mail was very primitive, slow and faulty      efficient and fast access to its various
 route of fibre optics was laid by them in       as compared to what it was today — a            ONLINE databases. This facility will be of
 three years. He also mentioned the              major, most important and fast human            greater use to libraries accessing DELNET
 role of Videsh Sanchar Nigam in the                                                             from outside Delhi or outside India through
                                                 communication network. The users of
 field. Dr. Seshagiri then explained how                                                         INTERNET.
                                                 E-mail communication now numbered a
 Dr. Reddy and Dr. Arunachalam took              staggering hundred million people around       increase, so does the speed and volume
 the initiative to bring into the country a      the globe, he affirmed. He also noted that
 2.5 GBPS to 10 GBPS fibres and                                                                 of data transmitted.
                                                 50 per cent of the capacity of telephone
 created the Sankhya Vahini Project              network was used for data transfer                  Dr. Reddy explained that this kind
 which was approved by the IT Task               through E-mail. Futuristically, by the         of cabling needed to be considered, as
 Force. Subsequently, the Department             year 2005, actual phone conversations          to dig and lay the cables all over the
 of Telecommunications, Government                                                              country was a very expensive affair.
                                                 would be reduced to only 10 per cent of
 of India and the Carnegie Mellon                                                               Once this problem was solved, Dr.
                                                 the total capacity. This was possible,
 University signed an MoU for                                                                   Reddy felt that Sankhya Vahini, the
                                                 according to Dr. Reddy, because of the
 collaborative work on the Sankhya
                                                 invention of optical fibre and the laser. If   major network for data transfer would
 Vahini Project.
                                                                                                start in India. Dr. Reddy discussed the
                                                                                                various other applications of the

                                                                                                           Other DELNET
                                                                                                           Online Services
                                                                                                  •    National Bibliographic Database
                                                                                                  D    Gistnic Database
                                                                                                  •    Medlars and other Databases of
                                                                                                 a     US Patents: Full Text
                                                                                                 a     Index to Hindu: The National
                                                                                                 a     Library of Congress Catalogues
                                                                                                 •     Jain Databases: Full Text
                                                                                                 •     INTERNET E-Mail Services
  Dr. Raj Reddy, Carnegie Mellon University, USA                                                       DEL-LISTERVs
      Dr. Raj Reddy provided an                  we could send data through conventional          •    Books: New Arrivals from
  introduction to Sankhya Vahini.                copper wire at the speed of 300 bits per              INTERNET
  According to him, its literal meaning          second, through the modems it was
                                                                                                  •    Book Reviews
  was River of Data and this name was            possible to transmit data at the speed of
  coined to identify it as a network different   54 or 56 kbps. But with a single fibre, it       a    Current Contents
  from the conventional telephone system         was found to be possible to transmit data        n    DELNET Information
  which was also a network.                      at nearly 155 mbps. And, as the strands

delnet Newsletter                                                    14                                                 Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
  spectrum and fibre, which included TV              Talking about the applications of         by the ITTask Force, an MoU would be
  and radio transmission, distant              Sankhya Vahini, Dr. Arunachalam                 signed with the DoT for the
  education, education on demand,              visualised it as a university without walls,    implementation. Dr. Arunachalam
  separate transmission for each school        as it was going to provide quality education    observed that the Government of India
  going child, video telephones, etc.          to students in our country. Its major           should also provide a subsidy for the
                                               application was going to be on education.       implementation of the Project, as in
       Dr. Reddy concluded his
  introduction stating that it was very        He said that it was going to provide the 3      future it was going to generate sizeable
  heartening that the IT Task Force had        Ls of learning: lectures, laboratories and      revenue, through institutions.
  accepted their proposal of Sankhya           libraries, besides major science and
                                                                                                    He said that so far in India we were
  Vahini and hoped that if things moved        engineering research programmes. It
                                                                                               trying to keep up with yesterday's
  fast enough, within a year or two            was going to provide weatherforecasting,
                                                                                               technology, but we should now try to
  Sankhya Vahini would commence.               tele-commerce and many more. Through
                                                                                               catch up with the future technology.
                                               Sankhya Vahini they were also going to
      Dr. V.S. Arunachalam, is a                                                               Dr. Arunachalam concluded on an
                                               provide high speed metro-links.
  Distinguished Professor in the                                                               optimistic note that once implemented,
  Department of Engineering, Public                 Dr. Arunachalam added that initially       Sankhya Vahini would become the
                                                                                               shining carrier of the nation into the
                                                                                               Information Age.

                                                                                                                   —A. Vijaya Murthy

                                                                                                    DELNET Member
                                                                                                 Andhra Pradesh                     2
                                                                                                 Bihar                               1
                                                                                                 Delhi                             90
                                                                                                 Haryana                            4
                                                                                                 Himachal Pradesh                   1
 Dr. V.S. Arunachalam, Distinguished Professor, Carnegie Mellon University, USA                  Karnataka                          1

 Policy, Material Science and Robotics         the work would start in Mumbai as it was          Kerala                             1
 at the Carnegie Mellon Unviersity. He         the international gateway and would              Madhya Pradesh                      2
 held many senior positions in the             spread to the major cities like Pune,
 Government of India as well as in the                                                          Maharashtra                         3
                                               Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, etc. and
 UKand finally he was Senior Adviserto         then to the rest of the country. He felt that    Pondicherry                         2
 the Defence Minister, Government of           by the time the Sankhya Vahini Project           Punjab                              3
 India for more that a decade before he        was completed, they would have covered
 migrated to the USA. He was the               35,000 kms. Dr. Arunachalam explained            Tamil Nadu                          4
 recipient of the S.S. Bhatnagar prize         thatthe actual design forSankhya Vahini          Uttar Pradesh                       5
 and also the Padma Vibhushan.                 was going to be provided by an American
                                                                                                West Bengal                         2
      Dr. Arunachalam presented an             Company jointly with HSc, Bangalore, all
 overview of what Sankhya Vahini was,          NTs and ITI at Hyderabad. They would             Overseas Members                    2
 how it worked and how the country's           have a staggering 150 mega-hertz                               Total:             123
 future would change in the field of IT.       bandwidth. Oncetheclearance was given

delnet Newsletter                                                   15                                             Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999
R. No. 59488/94 U ISSN 0972-0790

                                                                                                              online demo

             Library Networking in Pakistan                                                   MARC format, AACR II and Library of
                                                                                              Congress Subject Headings. A software
       Courtesy of the US Information          Pamphlets and Reports Database,                package has been developed, which at
 Service, I was privileged to visit some       Company Reports, etc.                          present is in its inception.
 of the key libraries in Lahore and                                                                The National Library of Pakistan is
                                                   The other library I visited in Lahore
 Islamabad. I gave online demos to                                                            a depository library and therefore
                                               was the Quaid-e-Azam Library. I had
 DELNET databases and services from                                                           publishes the Pakistan National
                                               meetings with Director, Public Libraries
 Lahore and Islamabad and met                                                                 Bibliography. The 1994 edition was
                                               (Punjab), Prof. Abdul Jabbar Shakir and
 librarians, information professionals         Chief Librarian of this Library, Mr.           published in 1998 which covers books
 and some administrators at both these         Muhammad and saw its different                 published in English, and twelve other
 places. It was an interesting experience      departments. Its computerisation               Oriental languages.
 about a country with which we are             programme has started. This Library,               The libraries in Pakistan are
 historically and culturally closely related   which began in 1984, has more than             growing in number. The Directory of
 but about its libraries we know very          15,000 volumes in English and Oriental
                                                                                              Libraries in Pakistan published by
 little. I do not know if my visit to the      languages. Indexing books and
                                                                                              the Pakistan Library Association and
 libraries was the first of its kind during    periodicals in machine readable form is in
                                                                                              Department of Libraries, Government
 the last 53years but certainly the online     progress.
                                                                                              of Pakistan lists 1,793 libraries.
 demos to any Indian databases were
                                                  In Lahore another online demo to            Modernisation of these libraries is
 done for the first time. Thanks to the
                                               DELNET databases was arranged at the           essential and some of them have begun
 USIS, Mr. Henry H. Mendelsohn and
                                               USIS Information Resources Center.             making efforts in this direction.
 his colleagues, Mr. Stephen Mark
 Mallinger, Information Resources                   My visit to Islamabad was also                                                — H.K.Kaul
 Officerand Mr. Scott Marshal Rauland,         rewarding. It began with an online demo
 Information Center Director in Pakistan,      to DELNET databases at the USIS
 made it possible for me to have a             Information Resources Center. About 40
 dialogue with the professionals on            Library and Information Science
                                                                                                                  FORM IV
 database creation, bibliographic              professionals participated in this demo.
                                                                                                  Statement about Ownership and other
 standards, software requirements and          In Islamabad I visited the National Library
                                                                                                     particulars about the periodical
 other library and information networking      of Pakistan and Quaid-e-Azam University.
                                                                                                           DELNET NEWSLETTER
 issues.                                            The National Library of Pakistan has                      (as per Rule 8)

                                               a very recent origin. It was inaugurated in     1. Place of Publication      New Delhi
     The first demo to DELNET
                                               1993, it's building has a covered area of      2. Periodicity of
 databases was given at the Lahore                                                               Publication:               Bi-annual/irregular
                                               1,68,800 square feet and houses the
 University of Management Sciences.                                                           3-5 Printer/Publisher/
                                               following collections:                             Editor's Name:             H.K. Kaul
 It was a pleasure to meet Mr.                                                                                               Indian
 Muhammad Ramzan, Chief Librarian                  Books             1,15,965 vols.               Address:                   40, Max Mueller Marg
                                                                                                                             New Delhi-110 003
 of Lahore University of Management                Manuscripts       555 titles
                                                                                               6. Names and addresses Delhi Library
 Science. He maintains a modern library            Microfilms        45 reels                     of individuals who own Network
 which provides services such as                   Microfiche        48,000 cards                 the periodical and part- 40, Max Mueller Marg
                                                                                                  ners or shareholders       NewDelhi-110 003
 electronic document supply, CD-ROM                Magazines         989 titles                   holding more than one
 search services, etc. This library is a           Newspapers        135 titles                   per cent of the total capital:

 depository forWorld Bank publications               Keeping in view its recent origin, the    1, H.K.Kaul, hereby declare thatthe particulars given
                                                                                               above are true to the best of my knowledge and
  and maintains press clippings, a             National Library of Pakistan has                belief.
  pamphlet collection, besides reports         progressed admirably. The Library has                                                     H.K. Kaul
  and books. The Library has prepared          also begun work on the automation of its                                                  Publisher
  machine readable catalogues of books,        facilities, including database creation work    July 1999
  Pakistan Business Periodicals Index,         since October 22, 1998. It uses the

 Edited and published by Dr. H.K. Kaul, Director, DELNET, for Delhi Library Network (DELNET), 40, Max Mueller Marg, New Delhi-110 003.
 Printed by Dr. H.K. Kaul at Kaveri Printers, Darya Ganj, Delhi-110 002. Assistant Editor: A. Vijaya Murthy.


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