delnet Newsletter Vol.6 No. 1 July 1999 DELNET is promoted by National Informatics Centre (NIC), Planning Commission, Government of India and India International Centre, New Delhi. wished to start a network of the libraries DELNET Opens State Centres in Lucknow. Although it is important H. K. Kaul that all cities have a library network, but in reality it is difficultforasmall network A warm response to DELNET's participated. At the Indian Institute of to be self-sufficient in the long run. It is databases and services in different Advanced Study, Shimla, the Fellows of forthis reason we have been promising parts of India is evident from its growing the Institute were pleased to note that technical support to agencies that would membership outside Delhi. Wefeelwe they could have access to a variety of wish to establish networks at the state are obliged to those researchers who information and they could borrow books level. In this regard we are negotiating want to access information stored in through DELNET. As a result, the Institute with several agencies and institutions our systems. And also, we feel the in the country. has opted for DELNET's ILL-ONLINE information available with DELNET facility and the process of borrowing books At Lucknow the programme was should have a wide coverage within and outside India. In order to achieve this, we gave online demonstrations of the DELNET databases and services at various institutions in India as given below: 1. I ndian I nstitute of Advanced Study, Shimla 2. Punjab University, Chandigarh 3. Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow 4. Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages, Hyderabad 5. University of Mumbai, Mumbai 6. National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 7. Indian Institute of Technology, Dr. H. K. Kaul speaking at the KELTRON-DELNETSeminar Madras 8. National Centre for Science through DELNET has begun. This has coordinated by Shri S. N. Agarwal, Information, HSc, Bangalore been possible because of the interest Librarian, Indian Toxicology Research 9. Kerala State Electronic taken by Mr. D. K. Mukherjee, the Librarian Centre and Dr. Roshan Raina, Librarian, Development Corporation Ltd. of the Institute. Indian Institute of Management. (KELTRON), Thiruvananthapuram At Lucknow the Directors of several A demo at the Punjab University At each of the above institutions, institutions and heads of libraries and Library was found useful as librarians librarians and information specialists information centres participated. They from Chandigarh and afewparticipants state centres from outside Chandigarh also The online demo atthe Indian Institute facilities. This function was arranged participated. The Punjab University of Technology, Madras, also attracted a by Prof. M. B. Konnur, the former Library has already joined DELNET number of librarians from Chennai. The Librarian of the University of Pune. and we hope to have a fruitful demo was in fact one of the first demos Dr. Krishnan, who presided over the partnership with them. Shri A. R.Sethi, we gave outside Delhi. Dr. Harish meeting among others, and the Librarian, Punjab University Library took Chandra, Librarian, Indian Institute of representatives of PUNENET showed a keen interest in organising the Technology, Madras, and his staff played great interest in DELNET databases programme. He has introduced a major role in arranging the demo. As a and services. considerable information technology result of this demo, the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, joined DELNET as Dr. T. B. Rajashekar, Associate into the library. a State Centre in Chennai. Chairman, National Centre for Science Dr. T.A.V. Murthy, Librarian, Information, Indian Institute of Science, Central Institute of English and Foreign A demo was also organised at the Bangalore, arranged my online demo Languages, Hyderabad, arranged a University of Mumbai Library, Kalina at the Centre. As Bangalore has a major function which included the Campus. Some of the library science concentration of a number of research inauguration of DELNET services in students and the staff of this University, institutions, we hope to make our Hyderabad and an online demo. More besides the librarians in Mumbai, joined. services available there. than one hundred librarians from This function was possible because of One of the major functions Hyderabad and outside Hyderabad the efforts made by Mrs. P. Rajahansa, organised in this series was a participated. Prof. A. K. Bhatnagar, Library-in-charge and Ms. P. V. Iyer, KELTRON-DELNET seminar on Vice-Chancellor, University of Lecturer and Assistant Librarian of the Library Networking in Thiruvanantha- Hyderabad, inaugurated the DELNET University. Mumbai has a number of puram on July 12,1999. The seminar was attended by over fifty library professionals. One of the features of the seminar was an online demo to DELNET databases. The inaugural function was addressed by Mr. L. Radhakrishnan, IAS, Special Secretary (Industries) and MD, KELTRON, Mr. K. Mohandas, IAS, Principal Secretary (Industries) and Chairman, KELTRON, Mr. N. Chandrasekharan Nair, IAS, Principal Secretary (Higher Education), Mr. N. Ravindranath, Executive Director, KELTRON, Prof. K. A. Isaac, Former Professor and Head, Dept. of Library and Information Science, University of Kerala and Sri. N. Sukumaran Nair, President, Kerala Library Association HI -:- and Library Consultant, Kerala State Dr. P.K. Seth, Director, MRC, Dr. V.P. Kamboj, Former Director, CDRI, Dr. H.K. Kaul Library Council. The seminar resulted in KELTRON joining DELNET as its services. Prof. Pramod Talgeri, Vice- good libraries and we feel that they should State Centre in Kerala. Chancellor, Central Institute of English be able to use our services. and Foreign Languages, presided over We are promoting our services in the function. The Central Institute of A bigger function was organised at other states in India and outside India English and Foreign Languages is the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, as well. Let us hope that DELNET offering full cooperation in making in which more than one hundred librarians serves scholars, researchers and users DELNET services available to the participated. The online demo was clearer in India and outside India in a more libraries in Hyderabad. at NCL as they have better INTERNET effective way. • delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 L seminar Seminar on Library Networking in Kerala of the essentials of library networking at this inaugural function. Library H. K. Kaul networking is meant to promote and onwards. The digital information obtains facilitate sharing of the resources It gives me pleasure to participate full network capability. It can be accessed available within a group of libraries in in this important seminar on Library fast and can be both current as well as order to provide maximum information Networking, which is being organised material which was published in the past. to users, lower operational cost and by KELTRON in collaboration with Now lately, with the use of multimedia also make optimum use of local, DELNET. applications access to information is regional and national resources. In Today we live in a world which is becoming more meaningful and more in- orderto achieve this, we not only need passing through a rapid phase of growth depth than we could ever think of in the the reliable and relatively high speed as a result of the explosion in past. This environment is making an telecommunication infrastructure, but information. ITtransactions which were impact on the universe of knowledge. also the hardware and software that 5 billion dollars in 1960 rose to 700 The new information technology, including allows the creation of machine readable billion dollars in 1997. We are expecting online information systems and high-tech bibliographic records of international it to go up to 1,000 billion dollars in the innovations, are transforming the storage standards. We need the communication year 2000. The growth of INTERNET and retrieval systems. As a result, the facilities that enable these records to itself has been phenomenal. In fact, library and information science be exchanged among the libraries. In 21,000 INTERNET domain names in professionals have a challenge at hand. this regard, the union catalogues play a 1993 went up to 8,28,000 in 1997. Those who succeed, master the major role. The union catalogues of INTERNET hosts jumped from 1.3 technology, while those who do not, will books and serials with holdings and million in 1993 to 16.1 million in 1997. slowly let new IT professionals take over databases of articles of various other Similarly, the WWW servers grew their operations. library materials including CDs, video phenomenally from 130 in 1993 to 1 recordings, sound recordings, million in 1997. Databases of different It may be noted that with the advent manuscripts, dissertations and grey types are getting created including of INTERNET, the libraries are no longer literature are important basic tools. It is bibliographic, full text, statistical, etc. a permanent fixture offering knowledge the full text eventually which is going to all the time. As a result of this rapid through books and other types of provide maximum online access to change that is taking place, library documents. The libraries can obtain wings knowledge and help to the user with its professionals have a major role to play. nowthrough INTERNET communication hyper text applications. This role has various facets. One of the and local connectivities. As a result, major facets of this role is to develop information has begun to flow in and out In order to create better digital communication links with the of some of our best libraries. The concept bibliographic tools, we have to conform professionals working in different of information being fixed to the pages of to international standards. In this day libraries in a state, a region, a country the printed volumes is no longer valid and age, any library that creates digital or outside the country. These links are because the books on the stacks do not bibliographic records should be such very important to be established for provide in-depth links to related that they are used anywhere in the resource sharing, because no library information that is getting created around world and the international system can be self- sufficient on the basis of its the globe. It is, therefore, in this context should emerge in such a way that a collection, especially in the age when that today we are holding this conference record created once should not be massive information resources in on Library Networking. The purpose is created again. Because books and various disciplines are piling up at a that we should be able to network the documents eventually reach different high rate. libraries in Kerala so that we off erthe best parts of the world and the catalogues in and maximum information to our users at the machine readable form should be We have to remember that the low cost. The information available within done once and not again by anybody in information in digital form has the the State needs to be shared, duplication the world. To achieve this standard a characterstics that makes it usable on to be reduced and unnecessary great deal of cooperation between thelNTERNETsimultaneouslybymany expenditure stopped. Also, we should be librarians, library associations, able to share the digital information so institutions and the heads of institutions users anywhere in the world. Such created in the State with the rest of the is needed. Resource sharing has to resources are becoming available at world and share information available in become a part of the discipline. We low cost and we feel that Indian scholars the libraries in and outside India freely. notice that the same journal gets will be able to afford access to such information increasingly from now subscribed to by more than one library It may be important to refer to some delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 seminar in the same campus or closely situated participation in library networks is and DEL-WINDOWS effective libraries. There is no cooperation essential for library and information softwares for creating MARC records taking place between many heads of professionals. As we participate in a forthe National Bibliographic Database the institutions. It is possible to library network, the first important task is Project. The project is sponsored by rationalise acquisition once library to create the records of the documents the Department of Culture, Government cooperation receives the blessings of available in each library into machine of India. On this project, DELNET the administrators and networking readable form. It is only after this is done, worked in Chennai as well as in Patiala. becomes effective and part of the library can we introduce full scale We created 50,000 MARC records in discipline. computerisation in the library that covers Punjabi, Tamil and English at the acquisition, circulation, current International Institute of Tamil Studies, The inter-library loan does not exist awareness service, selective Chennai and Punjabi University Library, in India in a big way. It is so because dissemination of information, etc. For Patiala. We are sure that if Indian there is no single agency at the national undertaking these jobs, the selection of library and information professionals level doing ILL effectively. DELNET have to compete with the rest of the has 115 institutions as its members software plays a major role. DELNET world in information technology, it is from different parts of India and outside was started in 1988 and we began our important that they create standard India and we have established a operation with CDS/ISIS. We soon noticed MARC records. In orderto promote the separate unitto lookafterthe ILL facility that CDS/ISIS, which is used with creation of international standard records, DELNET offersfree DEL-DOS and DEL-WINDOWS software with membership. DELNET provides the solutions for the first time in India. I would like to highlight some of the barriers that exist in resource sharing and library networks in India today. The libraries have very limited financial resources. We have to adopt networking and resource sharing methodology which is most economical. In this regard, I may mention that DELNET is opening State Centres just to help the states in creating library networks at state level without any major expenditure on their part. We are Mr. L. Radhakrishnan, IAS, Special Secretary (Industries) and Managing Director, KELTRON speaking at the KELTRON-DELNET Seminar planning to create union catalogues of documents received from our member among the libraries in India. This has to CommonCommunication Format (CCF) libraries from different parts of India grow and I am sure that as an increasing and not with the MARC format, could not and make them available through number of institutions join DELNET be used in the creation of union catalogues INTERNET under each state so that and also with the development of or networking operations. DELNET began resource sharing could be undertaken DELNET State Centres, we are going union catalogue work with LIBRIS by the libraries in the state without any to offer document delivery service at software which was created by an agency expenditure on creating infrastructure the national level in a more effective in Hyderabad. We again noticed that this for networking or developing of union way. software could not take in massive data. catalogues of major resources. Thus We replaced it with BASISPIus, an It may also be noted that the RDBMS package from IDI, USA and libraries could concentrate more on libraries that join a network should be developed on BASISPIus several database creation and on acting as willing partners and not only participants modules for the creation of union switching centres, so that they provide under any force or compulsion. The catalogues and other databases which much needed access to users to librarians have to understand that in we call DELSIS. As you will notice in my information from different parts of the the 21st century they have to play a demo in the first session, all the databases world. significant role as information created by DELNET are created on disseminators at all levels. Thus, DELSIS. We also developed DEL-DOS As we access INTERNET today, delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 seminar we notice that the Indian content on the different parts of India and outside India. INTERNET is much too small. The We provide ILL online facility so that any DELNET DATABASES reasons being that not many databases user in the world accessing our system are being created in India and made can request for a document on loan Union Catalogue of Books: CCF accessible through the INTERNET. without making any call or sending any 5,24,398 records These databases could be of various message by E-mail. We are able to Union Catalogue of Books: MARC types including full text, bibliographic, provide photocopies and books on loan 20,000 records etc. There is also a need for developing from our member libraries. special databases in which special Union List of Current Periodicals libraries could contribute well and this It is heartening to note that the in Delhi Libraries information could be used by the users Government of India and some of the 16,211 records in the rest of the country and outside. State Governments, including the Union Catalogue of Periodicals in We notice that there are several Government of Kerala are promoting IT Delhi Libraries institutions specialising in the same application in libraries seriously. We 10,203 records discipline in the country. Although need high speed communication nobody can stop them from doing so, bandwidth for the libraries and the Database of Periodical Articles we could suggest to them that there is networks so that the access is faster and 1,27,081 records enormous duplication taking place. a large number of users access the system simultaneously. DELNET is CD-ROM Database There is a need for rationalisation and 138 records looking towards better coordination with more cooperation in regard to creating the State Governments as well. For quick Union List of Video Recordings databases. We will also have to see transformation of libraries in each state, 1,794 records how rationalisation could affect training of library and information collection development in the Union List of Sound Recordings professionals is necessary. This training institutions and how they could save 500 records has to be in IT applications and library the precious foreign exchange in the networking and it has to be on a continuous Databases of Urdu Manuscripts acquisition of important material. As in basis. This is needed so thatthe librarians 210 records the case of databases creation work, and information professionals prepare similarly in the case of acquisition of Database of Theses and themselves for the new millennium. documents and collection development, Dissertations DELNET is making some contribution in rationalisation could play an important this regard. DELNET organises the 251 records role. This can happen only if we bring National Convention on Library and the institutions closer in various Indian Specialists' Database: A Information Networking and invites Who's Who disciplines and make them cooperate librarians to participate in the tutorials as 2,000 records with each other. There is another major well as in the National Convention. I may obstacle which needs to be highlighted. also mention that there is great need to Union List of Newspapers Often the heads of institutions do not change the curricula of the Library and believe in resource sharing and Serials: Management Libraries Information Science Departments in the 800 records therefore do not allow documents to be universities. We should induct IT shared by the institutions. I think there professionals into these Departments so Union List of Serials: Petroleum is a need to request such administrators that the students who are emerging from and Natural Gas Sector that in this day and age cooperation is these universities are going to manage 900 records a must and it has to be deep rooted and modern libraries for the modern users. Union Catalogue of Hindi Books entrenched among the institutions. 3,000 records As may be noted in India, several Finally, I sincerely hope that the DEVINSA Database experiments were made to establish seminar on Library Networking being 20,000 records city networks, but DELNET emerged organised today, turns into a milestone as the first operational library network. for the networking of libraries in Kerala. Directory of Libraries/Networks Our expenses have been relatively DELNET offers full cooperation in this Database of Publications in Indian small and we are now offering our educational and research oriented Languages databases and services to libraries in enterprise. • delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 lecture He then defined multimedia, Multimedia In Libraries describing it as information provided in and to present it to the user in one place. different formats, like pictures, moving DELNET, in collaboration with the pictures, sound and also the text, British Council Division, British High Dr. Vijayaditya, in his opening speech through one media. Dr. Thompson felt Commission organised a lecture noted that IT had become the key factor that having information in multimedia in demonstration on Multimedia in Libraries:Some Recent Develop- in today's life. He said that though we the libraries was not sufficient, but what ments and Solutions by Dr. Anthony talked of library computerisation much we needed was an integrated approach Hugh Thompson, Managing Editor, earlier, not much progress had taken to the information available and all the Multimedia Information and place till recently, and in the late 1990s it staff in a library should be involved in all Technology, UK, on Friday, March 19, had suddenly exploded, as the need had the media so that when a reader 1999 at the India International Centre. arisen. This was the reason why the approached the staff, they should be in Government had set up an IT Task Force a position to provide all the information Mr. P. Jayarajan, Library and and was emphasizing on building up the available in one place. Information Services Manager (India), infrastructure for storing and transacting the British Council, introduced the topic information through electronic media, and He cited the example of the and the speaker, and Dr. N. Vijayaditya, for creating virtual libraries. He hoped Pompadour Centre in Paris, which was Deputy Director-General, National that our librarians would be able to learn one of the best multimedia virtual Informatics Centre, presided over the a great deal from an experienced libraries in the world where they had an meeting. professional like Dr. Thompson, about integrated approach to information. Introducing the speaker, Mr. the newtechnology of digital applications. Dr. Thompson referred to an ideal Jayarajan observed that Dr. Thompson digital library that has CLDs (Compact Dr. Thompson alluded to the new was by no means new to us, since he Laser Disc) and DVDs (Digital Versatile technologies adopted in the libraries which had visited India several times on other Disc), which can hold 25 times more were going to have an impact on the occasions. He described Dr. Thompson information than a conventional CD. librarians in future. He felt that within the as a teacher, author, editor, and a He also spoke extensively about the nextfewyears, libraries all overthe world speaker, besides being a scholar in the different kinds of material available in field of information technology and said would be moving into the multimedia age. DVDs. Visualising the future, Dr. that we had much to learn from his Librarians would have no choice but to Thompson felt that shortly all the major knowledge regarding the technology move with the trade, as publishers would reference books would disappearfrom transmission and storage of take the lead and publish books in elec- the library shelves and what would information. He maintained that tronic form. Already many journals were remain would only be CDs and DVDs. multimedia was the technology to bring being published electronically, either in He also thought that even large together various facets of information the form of CDs or throughlNTERNET. databases would be made available on discs and not on computer hard discs and felt that presentation of visual images was more important for providing information. He also stressed on the need for language labs in libraries and the importance of interactive multimedia, where a reader could actually interact with information by asking questions and extracting information. Talking about the potentiality of the INTERNET, Dr. Thompson maintained that in the near future it was going to grow extensively, overflowing with information. Advising the librarians on the need for training, Dr. Thompson Dr. N. Vijayaditya, Deputy Director-General, NIC said that though we had computers, delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 lecture used several prog rammes and facilities, introduction of analog and digital played in double glazed glass walled unless we educated the users on the technologies, and affirmed that the high rooms to seat 20-30 people. In this use of these programmes and facilities, fidelity T V screens could be plugged into library they had several TV sets they would not be useful at all. He also the laser disc-phones or computers to permanently hooked to different satellite stressed on the need for training the get better photographic display. channels. You could also book time staff in the use of new technologies so slots to see any programme or to hear Dr. Thompson described in detail that they could tackle all the needs of a cassette or CD. The library also how the satellite works for transmitting the users efficiently. He suggested permitted one to test several new TV signals through large areas and that all the equipment in a library should computer programmes so that one was explained how multi communication be properly displayed with care so that satellites transmitted telephone signals, familiar with them before one decided users could see it. He also spoke on which were used for INTERNET to buy them. Video on Demand and On Demand information networks. Publishing. Dr. Thompson then spoke about Dr. Thompson then gave an the City of Science and Industry in Dr. Thompson discussed the DVD elucidation of some virtual/digital libraries, Paris, which was theirscience museum, technology and solid state technology which included the Pompadour Centre that was inspired and influenced by the in detail. Regarding DVD technology, and Mediatech of the City Science and PompadourCentre. He described it as a brightly coloured library with its own classification system. He mentioned that they had separate areas earmarked for children and the blind, with electronic braille readers and discussed their special issuing system. From Paris, Dr. Thompson took his audience to Singapore. He took them on a tour of the Polytechnic of Singapore, which had a very large multimedia centre with about 90 TVs and VCRs, and multimedia computers and a large collection of educational material and was very popular with students. Dr. Thompson then showed slides of the Singapore National Library, which Or. Anthony Hugh Thompson delivering his talk at IIC also ran their public library system. It Dr. Thompson enumerated that in future Industry, both in Paris, and the Polytechnic was fully equipped with multimedia each disc would be able to hold more of Singapore and Singapore National facilities all overthe library. He observed and more information such as 5 million Library. Dr. Thompson presented a slide that many of its regular users were pages provided the tiniest laser beam show of approximately 100 slides about children. Their children's section also to read the vast amount of information these libraries while describing them. had multimedia facilities and the stored on the disc was available. But it children as young as 5-6 years old About the 20-year-old Pompadour were allowed to use them. In this would be definitely possible in the near Centre, Dr. Thompson described it as future, he hoped. He also felt that library also, the user could type in the nearest to being a full multimedia library. shortly, recordable DVD-ROMs would request on the keyboard, which got It was so popular that within two hours of replace VCRs, which would give better registered on the screens in the control opening in the morning all of its 5,000 quality. Providing a vast encyclopedia room and the staff there would pick up seats would be full and another 5,000 on a DVD in multimedia would be much people would be waiting their turn to get the required documents from the easier, compact and much less in! He described its architecture, how its shelves and send them back to the expensive than producing multi volume resources were arranged to intermingle users. hard copies. He noted how the T V itself together and how its staff helped the — A. VijayaMurthy was undergoing vast changes with the users. Films and grand operas were also a delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature libraries, 61 Taluk libraries and 14 Model Application of Information Technology in village libraries at the rate of one per the Libraries of Kerala : A Status Report district, all with modern facilities. N. Sukumaran Nair and K.P. Vijaya Kumar There are about 40 Municipal libraries all overthe state, controlled by the municipal administration. They also 1 Introduction envisaged a 3-tier system of come underthe group of Public libraries. administration, viz. the State Library Information technology has Though several are in bad shape at Council, District Library Council andTaluk become an inevitable ingredient in the present, efforts are being made to Library Council. The State Library Council functioning of modern libraries reorganise them. The District is the apex body to which about 4,000 throughout the world. This trend is panchayats (14 in number) and Block Public libraries have so far been affiliated. clearly discernible in the library scene panchayats are also trying to strengthen The affiliated libraries are categorised in Kerala as well. As is generally the libraries in their respective areas. into 6 groups from A to F, on the basis of followed, the libraries in our state can infrastructural facilities and services 3 Academic Libraries be broadly classified as the Public offered. These libraries are neither libraries, Academic libraries and Special Academic libraries constitute technically organised nor manned by libraries on the basis of the clientele for libraries of schools, colleges, professionally qualified librarians. whom they function. The infrastructural universities and similar institutions, facilities and the level of performance Even though Library legislation which cater to the needs of different of these libraries also vary for obvious was enacted in-Kerala in 1989, the State levels of the Academic community and reasons. Let us examine the structure Library Council came into power only in supplement academic instruction. andfunctioning of these different groups 1994. Afterthe assumption of charge, the of libraries. Council has initiated steps to reorganise 3.1 School Libraries the Public library sectoron modern lines. 2 Public Libraries In Kerala the school library sector As afirst step, training programmes have is unsatisfactorily developed. There are The Public Library movement in been started to impart professional 2,592 high schools, 2,964 upper primary Kerala began as early as 1829 with the training to the untrained working librarians. schools and 6,717 lower primary establishment of theTrivandrum Public It is estimated that on the whole, librarians schools in the state. Central schools Library. This was followed by the can be given training within the next five and some higher secondary schools in opening of the few major libraries such years and the libraries can be re- the management sector have libraries as the Emakulam Public Library (1871), organised on scientific lines by that time. to supplement academic instruction. Trichur Public Library (1873), Kottayam All other schools possess a collection Public Library(1882) and the Public The State Library Council has a scheme to establish District libraries and of books kept either in the headmaster's Libraries at Tellichery (1901), Calicut room or in the game's room. No (1924) and Cannanore (1972). The late Taluk libraries on modem lines. The separate space is allotted f orthe school nineteenth century saw the scheme envisages the upgradation of library. In the absence of a qualified establishment of many more libraries the existing libraries to the level of the librarian, a teacher is given additional in the erstwhile States of Travancore, District libraries or Taluk libraries charge of the library and there are no Cochin and Malabar areas. The wherever it is possible and the library facilities in the lower primary Travancore Grandhasala Sanghom establishment of fresh ones where such schools. was formed in 1945, which was upgradation becomes impossible. Steps renamed Kerala Grandhasala have already been taken to establish 3.2 College Libraries Sanghom after the State of Kerala was Model village libraries, Academic study formed in 1956. Kerala Grandhasala centres, Career guidance centres, etc. at There are about 254 colleges Sanghom has succeeded in opening a places where they are required. Activities affiliated to Kerala, Mahatma Gandhi, large number of libraries throughout to transform Public libraries into Calicut, Kannur and Agricultural the length and breadth of the state and Community information centres are also Universities in Kerala. College libraries the number of Public libraries rose to in progress. These developments will are categorised as first, second, third 5,239. naturally demand the application of and fourth grade on the basis of certain information technology in the Public library criteria. For colleges that have the first, Library legislation was enacted in sector. Thus, when these activities are second and third grade libraries, there Kerala in 1989. The legislation completed, Kerala will have 14 District will be one librarian in the prescribed delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature grade and a fourth grade librarian. For Vellanikkara, Thrissur in addition to the libraries, Business and industrial the fourth grade libraries, there will be eight constituent college libraries. The libraries and Government departmental only one librarian of that grade. By and new Central Library established in 1995 libraries. large, the collections of college libraries is equipped with all modern facilities. The were not technically processed. But constituent colleges are: 4.1 Research Libraries the Expert Committee Report on 1. College of Agriculture, Pilicode. The research libraries are attached College Libraries brought out in 1994, to the research institutions and their suggested a number of programmes 2. College of Agriculture, Vellayani main purpose is to provide information for the all round development of the 3. College of Cooperation and Banking, support to research activities. A list of college libraries. Now there appears a Mannuthy research institutions which have been changing trend. Many colleges have 4. College of Fisheries, Panangad established in Keralaat various periods recently started the technical since 1940 and which possess good processing of their library collection. If 5. College of Forestry, Vellanikkara libraries are listed here: this trend continues, it will definitely 6. College of Horticulture, Vellanikkara invite IT application in the college • Agency for Non-Conventional libraries. 7. College of Veterinary and Animal Energy and Rural Technology, Science?, Mannuthy Thiruvananthapuram. 3.3 University Libraries 8. Kelappaji College of Agricultural • Central Institute of Fisheries Engineering and Technology, Kerala has seven Universities, viz. Technology Tavanur University of Kerala (1937), University • Central Marine Fisheries Research of Calicut (1968), Cochin University of The Sanskrit University Library was Institute, Kochi Science andTechnology (1971), Kerala established at Kaladi in 1995. It is at the • Central Plantation Crops Research Agricultural University (1972), Mahatma inception stage. The University Centre at Institute, Kayamkulam Gandhi University (1983), Sree Thiruvanathapuram also minatains a library. • Central Tuber Crops Research Sankara Sanskrit University (1994) Institute, Thiruvanathapuram and Kannur University (1995). The Kannur University Library is • Centre for Development of Imaging Kerala University Library was being organised and so far no library Technology, Thiruvananthapuram established in 1942. With the inception building has been constructed. • Centre for Earth Science Studies, of the new campus at Kariavattom, a Thiruvanathapuram campus library was also established Collection in all the University libraries is technically processed and the libraries • Centre for Water Resource there. In addition to these two central are provided with adequate manpower. Development and Management, libraries, every teaching department is These libraries offer many kinds of Kozhikode equipped with a good library manned by professionally qualified librarians. information services. • Electronic Research and Development Centre, Calicut University Library was 4 Special Libraries Thiruvananthapuram established in 1970. Apart form the • Fluid Control Research Institute, main library, various teaching and re- Special libraries began to emerge Idukki search departments maintain theirown and develop at the beginning of the twentieth century in response to the • Forest Research Institute, Peechi. libraries. Cochin University Library started functioning in 1977. There also increased tempo of industrial, scientific • Geological Survey of India, various teaching and research depart- and technological advances. These Thiruvananthapuram ments maintain their own libraries, in libraries are attached to the research and • Indian Institute of Spices Research, addition to the main University Library. development, industrial, professional, and Kozhikode Mahatma Gandhi University Library similar institutions. Science and • Kerala Engineering Research was started in 1983 and attained technology libraries constitute the major Institute, Peechi sufficient development within a short chunk of the special libraries in Kerala. These function under the Central • National Transportation Planning period of time. It has the Central Library Government, State Government, and Research Centre, alone on the main campus. autonomous bodies or private agencies. Thiruvananthapuram The Agricultural University Library The special libraries can be classified • Naval Physical Oceanographic system consists of a Central Library at into Research libraries, Social science Laboratory, Kochi delnet Newsletter Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature • Regional Cancer Centre, support. Over the years, a number of financial and other support from the Thiruvananthapuram industrial concerns emerged in Kerala parent body and as they are established • Regional Centre of the National and they began to build up library and with the prime intention of providing Institute of Oceanography, Kochi information centres. The following is a list custom tailored service to their special of such institutions: readers, most of them are well • Regional Research Laboratory, developed and keep pace with their Thiruvananthapuram • Cochin Refineries Ltd counterparts in the rest of the country. • Rubber Research Institute of • Cochin Shipyard Technology, Kottayam 5 Use of Computers in Libraries • Fertilizers and Chemicals of • Software Technology Park, Travancore, Ernakulam Though in the earlier part, libraries Thiruvananthapuram • Hindustan Machine Tools, were listed in the orderof public libraries, • Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute for Kalamasery academic libraries and special libraries, Medical Sciences and Technology, in this section I prefer to mention them • Hindustan Newsprint Project, Thiruvananthapuram in the reverse order, just to follow a Velloor chronological pattern. In the order of • State Nirmiti Kendra, • Instrumentation Ltd., Palakkad using computers, special libraries come Thiruvanthapuram • Kerala State Industrial Development first followed by academic and public. • Thumba Equatorial Rocket Corporation, Thiruvananthapuram Launching Station, 5.1 Special Library Scenario • Marine Products Export Thiruvananthapuram Development Authority, Kochi In a study in 1994, only 32 libraries • Tropical Botanical Garden and in Kerala were found using computers. 4.4 Goverment Department Research Institute, Palode Of these 24 (75 per cent) were special Libaries libraries, 7 (21.9 per cent) were 4.2 Social Science Library Many of the government departments academic libraries and one was a public maintain theirown libraries. The following library. Social science research was mostly confined to University Departments is a list of such libraries: The special libraries were: before the 1970s. This was diversified • Central Administrative Tribunal, 1. Central Institute of Fisheries with the establishment of the Centre of Ernakulam Technology, Kochi Development Studies, Thiruvanantha- puram in 1971. Since then a numberof • Department of Archives, Thiruvanan- 2. Central Tuber Crops Research Social science libraries were thapuram Institute, Palakkad established over the years. A list of • Department of Forests, Thiruvanan- 3. Centre for Development Studies, institutions with such libraries are thapuram Thiruvananthapuram mentioned here: • Doordarshan Kendra, Thiruvanan- 4. Centre for Management thapuram Development, Thiruvanantha- • AKG Centre of Research and • Kerala High Court, Ernakulam. puram Studies, Thiruvananthapuram • Kerala Legislative Assembly, 5. Centre for Water Resource • Centre for Development Studies, Development and Management, Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Kozhikode • Kerala State Electricity Board, • International School of Dravidian 6. ER & DC, Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Linguistics, Thiruvanathapuram • Kerala State Film Development 7. Fluid Control Research Institute, • Kerala Institute for Research Idukki Corporation, Thiruvananthapuram Training and Development Studies, • Public Relations Department, 8. Indian Cardamom Research Kozhikode. Thiruvananthapuram Institute, idukki • University Departments • Public Service Commission, 9. Institute for Management in 4.3 Business and Industrial Thiruvananthapuram Government, Thiruvananthapuram Libraries 10. KFRI, Peechi, Thrissur It is estimated that the government Industrial establishments began to department libraries amount to 50. 11. KITCO (Kerala IndustrialandTech- emerge in Travancore in the 1930s, but nical Consultancy Organisation), the small industries did not have library Since the special libraries get full Kochi delnet Newsletter 10 Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature 12. KITTS (KeralaInstituteforTourism Mathrubhumi Daily, Calicut, and The established by upgrading the already and Travel Studies), Thiruvanan- Indian Express, Kochi have joined the list existing high schools, those students thapuram with state of the art facilities. In tune with are also denied the privilege of using 13. KSIDC, Thiruvanathapuram the times, some 12 institutions have opted libraries.On other extremes there are for LAN facilities within the library. Two public schools, both aided and unaided, 14. Kerala State Planning Board, special libraries have access to the VSAT which provide excellent library services. Thiruvanathapuram Most of them have started using facility. The libraries with the LAN facility 15. LPSC, Thiruvananthapuram have also opted for INTERNET computers to catalogue and circulate 16. Naval Physical Oceanographic connectivity. The libraries of Sree Chithira documents. In fact, the Kerala Library Laboratory, Kochi Thirunal Institute of Medical Sciences, Association has been giving technical Regional Cancer Centre, Centre for advice to some of these schools for 17. Regional Physical Oceanographic Development Studies, Regional library computerisation. Laboratory, Kochi Research Laboratory, Naval Physical 18. Regional Research Laboratory, The St. Thomas Residential School Oceanographic Laboratory, Kerala Forest Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram, for example, has Research Institute, Kerala State Industrial automated the circulation of books in 19. Rubber Research Institute of India, Development Corporation, etc. have thethreelibrariesmaintainedbythem.lt Kottayam computerised their database was from experience that many school 20. Spices Board, Kochi development activities and almost all the authorities are enthusiastic about the housekeeping operations. The NACID 21. Sree Chithira Thirunal Institute of use of computers in libraries, since Centre for NISSAT also functions at the Medical Sciences and Technology they offer computer literacy KSIDC Information Centre. (Hospital Wing), Thiruvanantha- programmes to students.But the main puram Many more libraries like.CESS, Indian hurdle is the absence of integrated 22. SCTIMST (Biomedical Wing), Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode, library software at an affordable rate. Thiruvananthapuram and FEDO, Kochi are preparing The St. Thomas Residential School is themselves to join the fray. The experimenting with a package 23. Tropical Botanical Gardens and developed by the Advanced Information INTERNET has proved itself to be a Research Institute Palode, Management Society (AIMS), a group major attraction for the libraries to use Thiruvananthapuram of computer : enthusiasts in computers. 24. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram. Anotherobstacle Thiruvanathapuram There are about twenty libraries here is the absence of library attached to the various departments of professionals in government and aided The fact that these libraries were the Government of Kerala.Most of them schools to man the libraries. The found to be using computers does not are one man libraries. None of them government is yet to create the posts of mean that they were computerised makes use of IT facilities. The heavily librarians even in higher secondary libraries. In fact, many of them were used ones like the Legislative Library and schools. using computers for word processing Central Secretariat Library are yet to and data base management. The free consider the automation seriously. The 5.2.2. College Libraries distribution of the CDS/SISI package High Court Library, however, makes use The study conducted in 1994, about by NISSAT played a crucial role in of systems mainly to search the JURIS which mention was made earlier, inculcating the use of computers for Database. revealed that only four colleges make catalogue preparation and compilation use of computers for library work. The 5.2 Academic Libraries of bibliographies. Except for five only Arts and Science College which libraries,all of them possessed either 5.2.1 School Libraries was found to possess a computer PC-AT or PC-XT. Only two libraries As stated earlier, in the majority of system made use of it mainly for were found to be using any integrated high schools, the library as a supporting multimedia viewing. The other three library software like LIBSYS. Today, service still remains elusive. There are were one engineering college, one the situation has changed entirely. More schools, which have a collection of more medical college and an agricultural libraries, such as Central Marine than 30,000 books, but the library is college. The Model Engineering Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), absent. The collection is put in charge of College, Thrikkakara, Kochi was the Kochi Central Plantation Crops a regular teacher who has the same one which began to use computers for Research Institute (CPCRI), Kasargod, teaching workload as other teachers. library automation. They had developed Malayalam ManoramaDaWy, Kottayam, Since the higher secondary schools are a software there itself mainly for delnet Newsletter 11 Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature database creation and circulation problems. Using part of the assistance automation activities are taking place. purposes. The other college library is given by UGC for the modernisation of The Central Library of the University at the Medical College, Thiruvanantha- the library, the Central Library could buy Vellanikkara, Thrissur came up only in puram. Here the computer was mainly many systems and databases. In 1998, the 1990s. But within a short span of used for reading the CD-ROMs. But INTERNET connectivity was also time it has emerged as a fully over the last five years there is a obtained.lt has also procured LIBSYS computerised library with dozens of sweeping change in the college sector. software recently.But the catalogue computer systems with all the modern As many as 50 colleges have procured conversion, use of computers for other amenities. But the otherseven colleges at least one system for the library. This housekeeping operations and LAN facility lag behind in computerisation. also includes some government interconnecting the various sections are colleges. All of them are engaged in the yet to take off. The Kariavattom Campus The Calicut University Library retrospective conversion of their Library of the University of Kerala has deserves special mention. Though the catalogue. Another 15 colleges have effectively made use of the scanty computerisation activities began only submitted proposals for the computer facilities it had as far back as in 1997, it become a fully computerised procurement of computers eitherto the 1996. It has now procured a state-of-the- University Library in the state within UGC or to the Higher Education two years. It was inaugurated in May art server for LAN facility; INTERNET Department. 1999. This library has also succeeded connectivity was obtained in 1997. It will in installing its own VSAT facility. serve as the hub of the Campus LAN The decision to start a B.Sc. sanctioned by the University. 5.3 Public Libraries computer science programme in many colleges has come in handy because The Central Library of the Cochin The British Library, Thiruvanan- many students come forward to take University of Science and Technology thapuram serves as a beacon light in up the development of packages for was the second University Library to this sector. This is one of the rare library computerisation as their project procure computer systems. They also libraries, which used to function work mainly using d Base IV, FoxPro or have the LAN facility. But they use mainly effectively even in the manual mode. Visual Basic. But the main problem centred round database creation and CD- The use of IT has further augmented arising out of this situation is the lack of ROM search.Now the library is going to the efficiency. It makes use of the standardisation of the packages and be fully automated using the funds LIBSYS network version forthe various the non-availability of experts who can obtained from Dutch assistance. The library operations. overcome the bugs that are likely to campus LAN facility is also coming up. arise. When we turn towards other Public The library software is supplied by the libraries, the picture is rather dismal. Dutch agency. The Trivandrum Public Library, which The Kerala Library Association is implementing a project to create a is also the State Central Library, has The Mahatma Gandhi University computerised catalogue for the considered using computers only Library procured the system in 1995, but Government Training College, recently and they have just started the unlike other libraries, they made effective Thiruvananthapuram, using library catalogue conversion. This itself is an use of it from the very beginning. software by KELTRON. The work is encouraging sign. Immediately afterwards online search of not over and at present it is too the international databases was started, As far as the rest of the Public premature to say anything about the the first among University Libraries in libraries are concerned, no efficacy of the software. But I want to Kerala. Using l-net facility, INTERNET generalisation is possible. As I stress here that if KELTRON is really access was also started. Now the library mentioned earlier, the 4,000 and odd interested, this is a potential area where has procured all the necessary libraries are affiliated to the State Library hundreds of clients are likely to arise if infrastructure for the LAN so that it can Council. The State Library Council has the software is reasonably priced. The play a crucial role in the Campus LAN embarked on the ambitious programme Government Arts College is also which is coming up. of revitalising these libraries. In the last experimenting with the same software. two years, four district level libraries The Agricultural University has only have been identified. They are Quilon 5.2.3. University Libraries 8 libraries attached to the constituent Public Library and Research Centre, Kerala University Library was the colleges. Of these, the College of Kollam, Kottayam Public Library, first to buy three microcomputers in Agriculture, Vellayani is the first to use Ernakulam Public Library and Thrissur 1989. But they could be put to effective computers in the library. The catalogue Public Library. Of these, Kottayam and use only in 1993, owing to several has already been converted and other Thrissur have converted theircatalogue delnet Newsletter 12 VoL 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature into machine-readable format. it, the annual budget of the Government software at an affordable price is Kottayam Public Library has started of Kerala allows individual departments an impediment as far as college circulating the documents using to make use of 3 per cent of their budget and school libraries are concerned. computers. Ernakulam and Quilon forcomputerisation. Furtherthere is also Public Libraries have acquired the a plan to open thousands of INTERNET 4. Finally, I repeat here what I have system with assistance from the State booths in the state. Rural libraries are mentioned earlier. Agencies like Library Council and work is already in likely to provide facilities to a number of KELTRON can render competent progress. them. The Government has also service to the profession by offering announced that by 2002 alt high schools an effective software at a moderate The State Library Council has also in the state will be provided with the price. identified 6 Model rural libraries at the rate of one from each district. They are INTERNET facility. All these are likely to The libraries, both Academic and classifying the documents as a prelude provide a boost to computerisation Special, at least in Thiruvananthapuram to computerising them. It can thus be activities in the state. and Kochi, are in a position to form stated that computers and other IT Metropolitan Networks. It is high time 7 Conclusion gadgets would be used in at least 100 that the library professionals in the state, Public libraries in the next three years. A cursory survey like this reveals academicians, authorities of institutions certain salient points: concerned, promoting agencies of 6 Favourable Factors for Library Automation 1. Kerala is not far behind in the information technology like KELTRON, computerisation of libraries. ER&DC, NIC, C-DIT and finally the Of late, the Government of Kerala Government of Kerala resolve to make has launched an ambitious programme 2. There is a revival of interest among college libraries for automation. such networks a reality in the immediate of IT application at the government future. level for the next three years. As part of 3. Absence of an integrated library a Sankhya Vahini atthe India International Centre. Dr. N. Seshagiri, Director-General, National Dr. Raj Reddy, Dean of the School librarians and information specialists in Informatics Centre, Government of of Computer Sciences and Dr. V.S. Delhi to present Sankhya Vahini : The India, presided. Arunachalam, Distinguished Professor, Data Network for India, created by them, Department of Engineering, Carnegie on Tuesday, March 16, 1999. The Introducing Dr. Raj Reddy, Dr. Mellon University, USA, addressed the programme was organised by DELNET, Seshagiri observed that as the father of several robotics, Dr. Reddy had made a significant contribution not only in the area of robotics, but to the IT as a whole and to the culture of IT worldwide. He said that Dr. Reddy's research included a study of human interaction and artificial intelligence. He was also involved in the projects on speech recognition software and cognitive systems networks. Dr. Reddy was a member of the National Academy of Engineering, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and President of the American Association of Artificial Intelligence. Dr. Reddy was also awarded the Legion of Honour by President Mitterand of France. Dr. Seshagiri then explained the contribution of India in the field of IT. Dr. N. Seshagiri, Director-General, NIC delnet Newsletter 13 Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature He spoke of the role of the National Dr. Reddy narrated a brief history of Task Force on IT, set up by the Prime how the technology of data transfer had DELNET Introduces RF Minister, and its sub-committees. He evolved originally, through E-mail which Linkage maintained that though India entered was the communication between DELNET has installed 64 kbps RF Linkage the field of fibre optics quite late, owing computers, as an alternative to telephone with the courtesy of National Informatics to the significant contribution of the communication. He said that Centre and has also installed a high speed Department of Telecommunications, it data server with the latest version of the communication through the original operating system in order to provide effective, had found its roots, as a 75,000 km. E-mail was very primitive, slow and faulty efficient and fast access to its various route of fibre optics was laid by them in as compared to what it was today — a ONLINE databases. This facility will be of three years. He also mentioned the major, most important and fast human greater use to libraries accessing DELNET role of Videsh Sanchar Nigam in the from outside Delhi or outside India through communication network. The users of field. Dr. Seshagiri then explained how INTERNET. E-mail communication now numbered a Dr. Reddy and Dr. Arunachalam took staggering hundred million people around increase, so does the speed and volume the initiative to bring into the country a the globe, he affirmed. He also noted that 2.5 GBPS to 10 GBPS fibres and of data transmitted. 50 per cent of the capacity of telephone created the Sankhya Vahini Project network was used for data transfer Dr. Reddy explained that this kind which was approved by the IT Task through E-mail. Futuristically, by the of cabling needed to be considered, as Force. Subsequently, the Department year 2005, actual phone conversations to dig and lay the cables all over the of Telecommunications, Government country was a very expensive affair. would be reduced to only 10 per cent of of India and the Carnegie Mellon Once this problem was solved, Dr. the total capacity. This was possible, University signed an MoU for Reddy felt that Sankhya Vahini, the according to Dr. Reddy, because of the collaborative work on the Sankhya invention of optical fibre and the laser. If major network for data transfer would Vahini Project. start in India. Dr. Reddy discussed the various other applications of the Other DELNET Online Services • National Bibliographic Database D Gistnic Database • Medlars and other Databases of NLM a US Patents: Full Text a Index to Hindu: The National Daily a Library of Congress Catalogues • Jain Databases: Full Text • INTERNET E-Mail Services Dr. Raj Reddy, Carnegie Mellon University, USA DEL-LISTERVs Dr. Raj Reddy provided an we could send data through conventional • Books: New Arrivals from introduction to Sankhya Vahini. copper wire at the speed of 300 bits per INTERNET According to him, its literal meaning second, through the modems it was • Book Reviews was River of Data and this name was possible to transmit data at the speed of coined to identify it as a network different 54 or 56 kbps. But with a single fibre, it a Current Contents from the conventional telephone system was found to be possible to transmit data n DELNET Information which was also a network. at nearly 155 mbps. And, as the strands delnet Newsletter 14 Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 feature spectrum and fibre, which included TV Talking about the applications of by the ITTask Force, an MoU would be and radio transmission, distant Sankhya Vahini, Dr. Arunachalam signed with the DoT for the education, education on demand, visualised it as a university without walls, implementation. Dr. Arunachalam separate transmission for each school as it was going to provide quality education observed that the Government of India going child, video telephones, etc. to students in our country. Its major should also provide a subsidy for the application was going to be on education. implementation of the Project, as in Dr. Reddy concluded his introduction stating that it was very He said that it was going to provide the 3 future it was going to generate sizeable heartening that the IT Task Force had Ls of learning: lectures, laboratories and revenue, through institutions. accepted their proposal of Sankhya libraries, besides major science and He said that so far in India we were Vahini and hoped that if things moved engineering research programmes. It trying to keep up with yesterday's fast enough, within a year or two was going to provide weatherforecasting, technology, but we should now try to Sankhya Vahini would commence. tele-commerce and many more. Through catch up with the future technology. Sankhya Vahini they were also going to Dr. V.S. Arunachalam, is a Dr. Arunachalam concluded on an provide high speed metro-links. Distinguished Professor in the optimistic note that once implemented, Department of Engineering, Public Dr. Arunachalam added that initially Sankhya Vahini would become the shining carrier of the nation into the Information Age. —A. Vijaya Murthy DELNET Member Libraries Andhra Pradesh 2 Bihar 1 Delhi 90 Haryana 4 Himachal Pradesh 1 Dr. V.S. Arunachalam, Distinguished Professor, Carnegie Mellon University, USA Karnataka 1 Policy, Material Science and Robotics the work would start in Mumbai as it was Kerala 1 at the Carnegie Mellon Unviersity. He the international gateway and would Madhya Pradesh 2 held many senior positions in the spread to the major cities like Pune, Government of India as well as in the Maharashtra 3 Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, etc. and UKand finally he was Senior Adviserto then to the rest of the country. He felt that Pondicherry 2 the Defence Minister, Government of by the time the Sankhya Vahini Project Punjab 3 India for more that a decade before he was completed, they would have covered migrated to the USA. He was the 35,000 kms. Dr. Arunachalam explained Tamil Nadu 4 recipient of the S.S. Bhatnagar prize thatthe actual design forSankhya Vahini Uttar Pradesh 5 and also the Padma Vibhushan. was going to be provided by an American West Bengal 2 Dr. Arunachalam presented an Company jointly with HSc, Bangalore, all overview of what Sankhya Vahini was, NTs and ITI at Hyderabad. They would Overseas Members 2 how it worked and how the country's have a staggering 150 mega-hertz Total: 123 future would change in the field of IT. bandwidth. Oncetheclearance was given delnet Newsletter 15 Vol. 6, No. 1, July 1999 R. No. 59488/94 U ISSN 0972-0790 online demo Library Networking in Pakistan MARC format, AACR II and Library of Congress Subject Headings. A software Courtesy of the US Information Pamphlets and Reports Database, package has been developed, which at Service, I was privileged to visit some Company Reports, etc. present is in its inception. of the key libraries in Lahore and The National Library of Pakistan is The other library I visited in Lahore Islamabad. I gave online demos to a depository library and therefore was the Quaid-e-Azam Library. I had DELNET databases and services from publishes the Pakistan National meetings with Director, Public Libraries Lahore and Islamabad and met Bibliography. The 1994 edition was (Punjab), Prof. Abdul Jabbar Shakir and librarians, information professionals Chief Librarian of this Library, Mr. published in 1998 which covers books and some administrators at both these Muhammad and saw its different published in English, and twelve other places. It was an interesting experience departments. Its computerisation Oriental languages. about a country with which we are programme has started. This Library, The libraries in Pakistan are historically and culturally closely related which began in 1984, has more than growing in number. The Directory of but about its libraries we know very 15,000 volumes in English and Oriental Libraries in Pakistan published by little. I do not know if my visit to the languages. Indexing books and the Pakistan Library Association and libraries was the first of its kind during periodicals in machine readable form is in Department of Libraries, Government the last 53years but certainly the online progress. of Pakistan lists 1,793 libraries. demos to any Indian databases were In Lahore another online demo to Modernisation of these libraries is done for the first time. Thanks to the DELNET databases was arranged at the essential and some of them have begun USIS, Mr. Henry H. Mendelsohn and USIS Information Resources Center. making efforts in this direction. his colleagues, Mr. Stephen Mark Mallinger, Information Resources My visit to Islamabad was also — H.K.Kaul Officerand Mr. Scott Marshal Rauland, rewarding. It began with an online demo Information Center Director in Pakistan, to DELNET databases at the USIS made it possible for me to have a Information Resources Center. About 40 dialogue with the professionals on Library and Information Science FORM IV database creation, bibliographic professionals participated in this demo. Statement about Ownership and other standards, software requirements and In Islamabad I visited the National Library particulars about the periodical other library and information networking of Pakistan and Quaid-e-Azam University. DELNET NEWSLETTER issues. The National Library of Pakistan has (as per Rule 8) a very recent origin. It was inaugurated in 1. Place of Publication New Delhi The first demo to DELNET 1993, it's building has a covered area of 2. Periodicity of databases was given at the Lahore Publication: Bi-annual/irregular 1,68,800 square feet and houses the University of Management Sciences. 3-5 Printer/Publisher/ following collections: Editor's Name: H.K. Kaul It was a pleasure to meet Mr. Indian Nationality: Muhammad Ramzan, Chief Librarian Books 1,15,965 vols. Address: 40, Max Mueller Marg New Delhi-110 003 of Lahore University of Management Manuscripts 555 titles 6. Names and addresses Delhi Library Science. He maintains a modern library Microfilms 45 reels of individuals who own Network which provides services such as Microfiche 48,000 cards the periodical and part- 40, Max Mueller Marg ners or shareholders NewDelhi-110 003 electronic document supply, CD-ROM Magazines 989 titles holding more than one search services, etc. This library is a Newspapers 135 titles per cent of the total capital: depository forWorld Bank publications Keeping in view its recent origin, the 1, H.K.Kaul, hereby declare thatthe particulars given above are true to the best of my knowledge and and maintains press clippings, a National Library of Pakistan has belief. pamphlet collection, besides reports progressed admirably. The Library has H.K. Kaul and books. The Library has prepared also begun work on the automation of its Publisher machine readable catalogues of books, facilities, including database creation work July 1999 Pakistan Business Periodicals Index, since October 22, 1998. It uses the Edited and published by Dr. H.K. Kaul, Director, DELNET, for Delhi Library Network (DELNET), 40, Max Mueller Marg, New Delhi-110 003. Printed by Dr. H.K. Kaul at Kaveri Printers, Darya Ganj, Delhi-110 002. Assistant Editor: A. Vijaya Murthy. ^%.