JOCV Zimbabwe Newsletter Dec 200 by pengxiuhui


           in Zimbabwe
                         December 2005

   Web-based Distribution

                                                What is JOCV?

Small steps lead to giant leaps

      We are spreading our roots on the vast extent of land in Zimbabwe
      by transferring techniques so that people in Zimbabwe build
      more skills to develop the country.

      We are working on various issues for seeing smiles of every Zimbabwean.

                      With the people in Zimbabwe
 What is JOCV?                                                    Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

                                                            What is JOCV?
   The Japan Oversea Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV)
is one of the programs that Japan International
Cooperation Agency (JICA) has been carrying out over
40 years. The program dispatches young Japanese
generation, aged between 20 and 41, who are to
make use of their skills, techniques, knowledge and
experience for the people in developing countries.

   The JOCV program began in 1965 and since that
time more than 26,000 volunteers have been
dispatched to 83 countries around the world.

   Initial duration of the volunteers is two years. Prior
to the dispatch they are given 3-month-training for
acquiring skills of languages and studying culture and
history of their host countries. A supplementary
technical training system is also available that allows                                                Fields
to improve practical skills needed for cooperative
activities.                                                   Members of JOCV work in the following fields:
                                                            Agriculture,   Forestry    and   Fisheries;   Processing;
   The objective of JOCV is “to promote and assist the      Maintenance; Civil Engineering; Health and Hygiene;
overseas activities of the youths whose purposes are        Education and Culture; Sport. Within these fields, the
to cooperate, in unity with the people of developing        specific occupations of each volunteer can vary widely.
areas, in the economic and social development of
those areas.”                                               Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
                                                            Vegetable    growing;     Fruit  growing;    Agricultural
   The basic stance of JOCV is apparent in the phrase       machinery;     Rural development; Food       processing;
“with local people”. In other words the stance is to        Forestation; Cultivation and more.
practice cooperative activities and promote self-help
efforts of the people by living with them, speaking         Processing
their language and deepening mutual understanding.          Pottery and porcelain; Woodwork; Leather art; Printing;
                                                            Sheet metal; Welding and more.

                                              Fact          Maintenance
                                                            Automobile mechanic; Electric machinery;        Wireless
Fact about JOCV (As of 30 September 2005)                   radios; Electronic engineering and more.

JOCV officially established:                                Civil Engineering
 20 April 1965                                              Civil engineering; Surveying; City planning; Architecture;
Total number of Volunteers to date:                         Landscape architecture and more.
 26,459 (40% female, 60% male)
Total number of countries served to date:                   Health and Hygiene
 83                                                         Nurse;     Laboratory     technologist;    Pharmacist;
Current number of Volunteers:                               Kindergarten teacher; Water analysis and more.
 2,633 (57% female, 43% male)
Current number of countries served:                         Education and Culture
 73                                                         Computer technique; Youth activity; Tourism; Music
Volunteers by Work Area:                                    teacher; Primary school teacher; Japanese instructor;
 Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries – 17.6%                Cooking; Fine art and more.
 Processing – 1.5%
 Maintenance – 3.5%                                         Sport
 Civil engineering – 2.5%                                   Physical education; Basketball; Baseball; Judo; Karate;
 Health and Hygiene – 19.7%                                 Swimming; Tennis; Gymnastics and more.
 Education and Culture – 48.2%
 Sport – 7.0%
       JOCV in Zimbabwe
                                                                           Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

                                                        JOCV in Zimbabwe

        34 jocv members are casting seeds of development on the ground

                                         Computer technician (5)
                                         Civil engineer
                                         Teacher for challenged children
                                         Youth adviser
                                         Electrical engineer                   Marondera
                                         Mechanical engineer                    Primary school teacher

                    Vegetable grower                                                             Rusape
                                                                                                  Civil engineer
          Vegetable grower
                                                                                                Regina Coeli
                                                                                                 Laboratory technologist
    Gokwe                                                                                        Pharmacist
     Pattern maker
     Automobile mechanic
     Physical education teacher                                                               Mutare
     Pre-school teacher                                                                        Music teacher
                                                                                               Physical education teacher

            Primary school teacher
                                                                                              City planner
                   Lower Gwelo
                    Music teacher

                              Basketball coach                                        Masvingo
                              Water analyst (2)                                        Music teacher
                              Community developer       Bulawayo
                                                         Tourism lecturer
                                                         Chef                          (As of 01 November 2005)
                                                         Computer technician

                  Their occupations vary widely as each seed brings flowers with various colours

   JOCV in Zimbabwe
                                                                     Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

   16 years have passed since the first JOCV volunteers were
dispatched to Zimbabwe. Volunteers have played active roles
especially in the fields of education and sport such as primary
school teacher, music teacher, physical education teacher,
baseball coach or softball coach.
   The fields of the volunteers in Zimbabwe have been
gradually shifting to vocational training and higher education 
such as computer technique, civil engineering or vegetable
growing. Nearly half of the volunteers are based in colleges,
vocational training centres and other training institutes.
   New volunteers arriving in Zimbabwe are given one-month-
training. They learn Shona or Ndebele, experience home stay
for a few days in a village, have a training trip using public
transportation and have some lectures from staff of JICA.
   Most volunteers become nervous on the eve of moving to the
place in which they will live for two years because they have
not been accustomed with the faraway country and her people
yet. However it doesn’t take long time to accommodate
themselves to their new environment as the people in the place
always give a hearty welcome to the volunteers.

                                                                  Fact about JOCV in Zimbabwe
                                                                  (As of 01 November 2005)

                                                                  JOCV invited first in Zimbabwe:
                                                                   July, 1989
                                                                  Total number of Volunteers to date:
                                                                   420 (48% female, 52% male)
                                                                  Current number of Volunteers:
                                                                   34 (35% female, 65% male)
                                                                  Volunteers by Work Area
                                                                   Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries – 9%
                                                                   Maintenance – 9%
                                                                   Civil engineering – 12%
                                                                   Health and Hygiene – 17%
                                                                   Education and Culture – 44%
                                                                   Sport – 9%

      Cooperation by JOCV
                                                                     Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

    Field of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

     Akio Goto
      Vegetable grower
      Lecturer at Mupfure Self Help College

       The sector of agriculture is one of the most important
     economic cooperation sectors from Japan to Zimbabwe.
     The sector of agriculture occupies 15% of Gross
     Domestic Product in Zimbabwe. More than two-thirds
     of Zimbabwe’s economically active population is
     engaged in agriculture.
                                                                   My playground is Mupfure Self Help College in
                                                                Chegutu, which belongs to Ministry of Higher and
       At this moment volunteers who belong to the
                                                                Tertiary Education. This college has character as an
     agriculture sector in JICA (Japan International
                                                                industrial oriented school. My activity is chiefly
     Cooperation Agency) policies are mainly vegetable
                                                                familiarizing organic farming techniques as a
     growing specialists. JICA plans to send volunteers who
                                                                lecturer to those who belong to the college.
     will be involved in some other occupations such as
                                                                Concretely the following things: Lecturing on
     agriculture, civil engineering, agriculture machinery,
                                                                horticulture and food processing to students,
     and tissue culture and so on. JICA is trying to evolve
                                                                demonstrating organic farming techniques to
     broader activities in Zimbabwe.
                                                                students and staffs, innovating new breeds of crop
                                                                and breeding new vegetables. Then I’m working on
                                                                some other things which are as follows: Making
                                                                weed collection which can give them ideas to keep
                                                                off weeds from their field, growing herbs which are
                                                                useful for their farming and growing ‘Moringa
                                                                Trees’, which are highlighted in Southern Africa.

                                                                   Agriculture in Zimbabwe has illimitable capacities.
                                                                I am not sure how much I can contribute to their
                                                                agriculture. It might be little work but I want to pass
                                                                to them how interesting and beneficial agriculture is.
                                                                So I want to sow some seeds in Zimbabwe which
                                                                will have blooming of agriculture.

      Cooperation by JOCV
                                                                                      Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

          Field of Maintenance

 Hiroyuki Takamatsu
 Automobile mechanic
 Lecturer at Gokwe Vocational Training Center

   The vocational training centre I work at is in Gokwe, 150 km west
of Kwekwe. Gokwe is the rural town which is richly cultivated with
cotton and maize. People are cheerful and kind, and greet others
even if they are not acquainted. The vocational training centre is still
in its early days and has six departments (Clothing, Motor Mechanic,
Brick and Block laying, Hotel and Catering, Carpentry, and
Welding). They have 50 students as a total. Each department has its           I am mainly assigned to practical lessons in the workshop but
workshop and it is a main operation to provide experience and              because of shortage of teaching materials we often have theoretical
technical knowledge to students through working there.                     lessons in a classroom. When cars are brought from outside for
   I am working as a lecturer of the Motor Mechanic department             maintenance I work with my students. We find broken parts and fix
with a counterpart. Our department welcomes 25-30 students every           them teaching diagnosis procedure or meaning of each operation.
year. Though the department has admission requirements it accepts          Because the training centre itself doesn’t have any cars for practice
even those who don’t satisfy them so as to give opportunities to learn     this is the only chance for the students to meet cars. This is why a
technique as long as they have motivation. I sometimes find it             lot of students crowd around a car even though I choose only a few
difficult to give lessons in one class because there are various levels    students for the maintenance. Their interest and motivation push
of students, but I am teaching them with joy and pleasure.                 them to the front. They are sometimes obstacles of maintenance
                                                                           but I can’t get them away thinking of their situation.

                                                                              The circumstances of automobile maintenance in Gokwe are
                                                                           hard. It has been more difficult to get automobile parts in Gokwe
                                                                           than other larger cities and they cost as two times as in those cities.
                                                                           We are sometimes forced to buy poor quality parts because they
                                                                           are the only choice of us. Most of the cars we maintain are old-
                                                                           fashioned whose parts are not available from manufacturers so we
                                                                           sometimes must process metal and make the parts by ourselves. As
                                                                           for maintenance fee there is a wide gap between cities and Gokwe.
                                                                           For example, we charge Z$ 100,000 on changing engine oil but it
                                                                           costs Z$ 1 million to 2 millions in Harare. The costs might differ in
                                                                           factories and clients but the difference is clear. I think that regional
                                                                           differences between cities and rural areas are getting wider.
                                                                              My activity is reaching a final phase and I am getting busy. I
                                                                           would like to experience a lot being concerned with students and
                                                                           colleagues as much as possible, and transfer my technique to them.

        Cooperation by JOCV
                                                                                 Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

             Field of Civil Engineering

    Takuro Urakabe
     City planner
     Planning technician at Chimanimani Rural District

   The field of Civil Engineering plays very important role for
people to live a comfortable and a safe life. For example, getting
water (water supply), disposing sewage, road network system and
so on, they are the required infrastructures for our lives, and the
techniques of Civil Engineering are used in order to make up them.
   Meanwhile, a quality of construction, a proper execution
                                                                          I am supporting my counterpart, who works in the department of
management and coordinating some other sorts of civil engineering
                                                                       engineering and technical services of Chimanimani Rural District
works orderly and efficiently, are also important works in the field
                                                                       Council as a city planner. I am mainly in charge of developing a
of Civil Engineering. Each technological and managemental skill
                                                                       layout plan, setting up pegs and authorizing building construction,
should be engaged successfully.
                                                                       working with my counterpart. I have already developed two layout
   In case of Zimbabwe, especially big cities like Harare,
                                                                       plans and advised a method for effective pegging. To obtain a
Bulawayo or Mutare the provision of social overhead capital is
                                                                       beneficial means of any duties on a budget is the most important for
ahead compared with some other African countries. However, on
the other hand, it is behind in rural areas. Japan Overseas
                                                                          It is the first step to develop a layout plan that we, based on the
Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV) working in the field of Civil
                                                                       latest topological map, gather data on actual terrain, established
Engineering are mainly assisting to improve the provision of social
                                                                       buildings and so on. Such basic data is needed to be coincident with
overhead capital behind in those rural areas. So far 38 engineers
                                                                       the road network and the allocation of land use, being shown on any
have been sent to Zimbabwe. At the present, 2 civil engineers, 1
                                                                       layout plans. Besides, it is necessary for us to coordinate with
architect and 1 city planner are in Zimbabwe, supporting their co-
                                                                       governmental officers in order to get an approval, and a layout plan
workers to improve their skills and enhance the condition in rural
                                                                       will take effect in case of no problem. We peg after coming into
                                                                       effect according to that layout plan, and anyone can construct their
                                                                       own buildings on the site. Consequently layout plan is very
    Table: The number of JOCV in the fields of Civil Engineering and   important because it is fundamental for development.
           Architecture in Zimbabwe                                       I have worked to design a layout plan in Machongwe area, located
                                                                       in Chimanimani, for getting approval from senior office because
             Category                 Current            Total         Chimanimani Rural District Council urgently needs it. However
           Civil engineer               2                 5            there are already plenty of established buildings in Machongwe and
                                                                       they are obstacles to complete the plan. Fuel shortage also deprives
             Architect                  1                 27           us of opportunities to get to the spot easily, and our works have been
            City Planner                1                 5            delayed beyond my expectation. Because a completed layout plan
           Road Planner                 0                 1            will be very valuable and will cut budget for equipment of
                Total                   4                 38           infrastructure in long-term perspective, we should achieve
                                                                       development of the layout plan as early as possible. I am expecting
       (As of 01 December 2005)                                        to have some effects in limited span of time now.
     Cooperation by JOCV
                                                                                Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

      Field of Health and Hygiene

   Yoshiko Matsubara
     Water Analyst at City of Gweru

   I work at the experimental section of the engineering bureau of
Gweru City. My operation is to build an analysis system of toxic
substances such as using chromium(VI) using a portable
absorption spectrophotometer as startup of analysis of waste
water from various factories in this industrial city; Gweru. The
startup hasn’t been going well because it is more difficult than
expected to procure necessary experimental tools and reagent.

   Analysis of waste water doesn’t generate income in short term.
It rather leads to huge expenses by the result. It might be natural
that this kind of operation rarely has enough budgets considering
the economic situation of this country. However I can’t ignore
such problems as we experienced pollutions in the past in Japan. I        The rubbish thrown in streets are collected by tax. It is better to
hope that such pollution will not be seen in Zimbabwe. We              plant flowers in parks and make cities beautiful using the same
should do what should be done before problems arise.                   amount of money. The accumulated garbage thrown into
                                                                       drainage trench during a dry season will flow into rivers that are
   I feel necessity that my coworkers take more interest in            the source of drinking water in a rainy season. Occasionally
environmental issues above all things. It needs to be understood       drainage trench is blocked by garbage and flow out to town, and
that our work is not to produce an income but is of importance.        garbage damages pipes and need a lot of cost to be fixed. A lot of
Moreover I hope that not only coworkers but also as many               people may come to feel a sense of crisis toward letting current
citizens in general as possible will have interest in environmental    situation be if they know much about influences of factory
issues. They are large-scale issues but it is important for a lot of   wastage for human health.
people as a citizen to be responsible for the issues not depending
on others and to do what they can do. A small piece of attention          I have conducted some educational campaigns believing that
by each citizen has potential to change our environment.               people will act more environmentally-friendly if each of us
                                                                       concerns our environment and think of it seriously. The
                                                                       campaigns conducted so far are clean up with citizens, events of
                                                                       poems, plays and music and the slogan competition of
                                                                       environment. We created banners and t-shirts with the prize-
                                                                       winning slogans of the competition. We placed a simple analyzer
                                                                       in the event where a lot of people gathered in the city and tried to
                                                                       let them understand it is probable that the water which seems to
                                                                       be plain water contains toxic substances through experiments.

                                                                          I would like to engage in such campaigns besides a regular
                                                                       work as a water analyst expecting that people with interest in
                                                                       environment will increase even little by little.

         Cooperation by JOCV
                                                                                  Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

     Field of Education and Culture

       Susumu Akiyama
         Computer technician
         Lecturer at Danhiko Project

       I am working as a computer lecturer at Danhiko Project in
    Harare, a training institution mainly for the challenged. Almost
    one year has passed since I started working as a member of
    JOCV. I teach computing and IT. This is my first time to teach
    students and live in a foreign country and I am learning a great
    deal about people in Zimbabwe and how to communicate with

       The school where I work is a unique institution in that it offers
    secondary, vocational and technical education within an
    integrated environment of challenged and able-bodied students.
    Danhiko is a Shona word which means steps, a stepping stone or
    a ladder with which persons with disabilities, the disadvantaged          I teach Visual Basic Programming and Computer Architecture
    or anyone else can climb from the ground to meet the summit of         at IT department and I really enjoy doing it with my students. At
    their aspirations and ability. I was greatly impressed when I came     the beginning of my teaching, I was always anxious whether they
    to Danhiko for the first time and saw the students helped each         would understand what I said in the class or not, because they
    other. Besides, all people in Danhiko are very kind to me, and         were very quiet and they didn’t ask me anything. One day, I
    they always talk to me friendly. That’s why I like this place very     decided to use Shona in my lessons at times and I asked
    much and enjoy every day.                                              “Manzwisisa here?”, and then they all burst into laughter and
                                                                           since then we’ve got good friendly relations each other.

                                                                            My favorite meal in Zimbabwe is “sadza” with “murio”. I prefer
                                                                           “muriwo” to “nyama”. I don’t eat “sadza” every day but
                                                                           sometimes eat it. I like other vegetables and fruits too such as
                                                                           avocadoes, tomatoes, potatoes, bananas, etc. In addition, my best
                                                                           drink is “chibuku”. It was not my taste at first but as I drunk
                                                                           repeatedly with my friends I got fond of it. The merit of drinking
                                                                           “chibuku” is that we don’t need to have any meal after drinking.
                                                                           It’s a food & drink!

                                                                              My contract will expire in December 2006. I’m still learning a
                                                                           lot of things from my duties, my workmates and my students. I’ll
                                                                           do my best to teach and grow in my experience until I go back to

     Cooperation by JOCV
                                                                                Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

                      Field of Sport

Norifumi Kichijoji
Physical-education teacher
Teaching at Hartzell Primary School in Old Mutare

   I am trying to popularise academic physical education (P.E) in
Mutare area. I am teaching P.E at Hartzell Primary School in Old
Mutare, located about 15 km west of Mutare town. I have been
giving lessons in the morning since September 2004. At that time,
academic P.E lessons were not done properly through a syllabus
at the school. One of the reasons that lessons were sometimes
canceled was that it was very hot outside. This reason surprised
me very much. I could understand this idea but I was too shocked
to say anything. Who will give students opportunities of P.E if
teachers don’t give them? As for students, they like P.E lessons
very much.
   At first I had to go to each classroom and take students to a P.E
lesson because teachers of other subjects didn’t let them go.
When I appeared, the students shouted loudly “P.E! P.E!”,                  I am also lecturing health and physical education at Mutare
demanding the teachers for my P.E lessons. Recently, however,          Teacher’s College. This college is for training interns of
students have become to come to my lessons spontaneously.              secondary schools and high schools. P.E department of the
   Some teachers are interested in academic P.E. They and I            college was established 3 years ago and 40 interns have
cooperate and try to spread the necessity of P.E not only at           graduated so far. Teacher training schools like the college are
Hartzell Primary but also at other primary schools.                    very few in Zimbabwe. In these days the necessity of such
                                                                       training schools has been recognized. The interns I teach are also
   I must do lessons with little equipment. The school doesn’t         getting hold of the concept of P.E enough through my lessons and
have enough equipment for every student, as I expected. The            I am also pleased with the result. I have asked many interns why
school and the students don’t have any skipping rope so they           they applied for the P.E department. Majority of them surely gave
must bring fiber of trees or long wire. I often see students           benefits from P.E as the reason. Nowadays the interns commonly
stumble or fall down in soccer games because the ground is             have the idea of spreading P.E earnestly in Zimbabwe. They held
uneven. Uneven ground easily injures players during the body           netball workshops at a primary school supported by lecturers.
exercises that expect them for turning rapidly and supporting          Both lecturers and interns cooperate to bring academic P.E to a
weight of the whole body with one leg, such as football. Other         life.
schools that I have researched have the same problems of
equipment shortage and uneven grounds.                                    I have got toughness from local people in my daily life more
                                                                       than the assistance I gave them. The attitude of my students, who
                                                                       do not give up and cheer up others, helps me a lot. I have got
                                                                       many things from the students, who enjoy learning positively not
                                                                       worrying about bad things. They have helped me find new ideas
                                                                       of lectures. People living around me are also supporting me more
                                                                       to keep on my activity.
                                                                          I often hear the Shona phrase “Zvishoma Zvishoma – slowly
                                                                       slowly ”. This phrase helps me live and work in Zimbabwe and
                                                                       reminds me of getting more time to myself.

      Cleanup Activity
                                                                                      Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers

                                     Cleanup Activity
    Volunteers of JOCV conduct a cleanup activity on the second Saturday of
 every month at First Street in Harare. The purpose of this activity is not only
 to cleanup rubbish thrown out in the street but to boost the people’s
 awareness of importance to keep the town clean. The volunteers wear t-shirts
 with the same design that is in the motif of the national flag of Zimbabwe
 and has the message “KEEP OUR COUNTRY CLEAN!”.
    The first impression on Harare of most JOCV members soon after their
 arrival is the dirtiness in streets. It seems that people don’t hesitate to throw
 away banana peels, cover of candies or even plastic container of fast foods.
 Some gutter covers on streets are broken and such gutters are filled with
 rubbish. People tend to throw away things where rubbish is and it gets
 accumulated. It is necessary to cut this daisy chain of rubbish.
    During the activity the volunteers ask those who are on the street and seem
 interested in the activity to join. Some of them are willing to do and more
 hardworking than the volunteers.

                                                                                           Date: The second Saturday of every month
                                                                                           Time: 1PM-2PM
                                                                                           Venue: First Street in Harare
                                                                                           Come and join us!

                                                                                Mr. Taketoshi Hashimoto, Chief of the cleanup activity, said,
                                                                             “I want to repay the people of Zimbabwe for what they have been
                                                                             doing to me. It is a very beautiful country. It is also sad for us
                                                                             Japanese that some inconsiderate people in Zimbabwe throw
                                                                             away rubbish thoughtlessly and it's all over the country. The
                                                                             children who see those people also learn to litter. We adults first
                                                                             must act as their model, educate them, and keep Zimbabwe
                                                                             beautiful both the country and the spirit of the people.”


   This newsletter is intended to let those who know a little about               The idea the current and old JOCV members commonly have
JOCV know more. Colleagues of volunteers including me are                      is that they like this country a lot and dislike her a little, have
familiar with them but they rarely have chances to get information             been made pleasant many times and made unpleasant
about other JOCV members and an outline of JOCV. I hope that                   sometimes, have had many good things and some bad things.
the newsletter will deepen understanding of people living in                   Eventually they are very happy to come to this country.
Zimbabwe about JOCV.
   Zimbabwe has had difficulties these several years and volunteers                                                   Nobuyuki Hirakawa
of some organizations have withdrawn. That is what makes it                                      (Lecturer at Harare Polytechnic College)
needed for us to play more important roles in the country.
Our contribution might be too little to overcome the
difficulties but we should do what we can do for the           How to contact JOCV in Zimbabwe
smiles of the people, believing what we have
done will bear fruit someday and somewhere.                         C/O JICA Zimbabwe Office
                                                                    8th Floor, Intermarket Life Towers, 77 Jason Moyo Ave, Harare
                                                                    PO Box 4060, Harare, Zimbabwe
                                                                    Telephone: +263 4 252500/1/2, 252505

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