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									     U.S. Census Bureau
     Foreign Trade Division

Understanding Foreign Trade Data

          June 23, 2010
 U.S. Census Bureau

Overview & Export Specific
       Information

         Carlos Ocasio
 Commodity Analysis Branch
 Carlos.J.Ocasio@census.gov
What do the statistics measure?

 The physical movement of goods
 between:
  • United States, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Foreign countries.




                                                      3
What’s not Covered in Statistics?
  •   Monetary gold
  •   U.S. government to U. S. government
  •   Imports of articles repaired under warranty
  •   Intangibles
  •   Personal and household effects
  •   Low valued transactions



                                                    4
The Harmonized System (HS)
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the U.S.
 Annotated for Statistical Reporting Purposes
 (HTSUSA)
Statistical Classification of Domestic and
  Foreign Commodities Exported from the U.S.
  (Schedule B)




                                                5
The HS System
17,000+ HTSUSA & 8,000+ Schedule B codes
   • Periodically revised
   • Structure:
      • 2 digit Chapter
      • 4 digit Heading
      • 6 digit sub heading
      • 8 digit legal
      • 10 digit statistical




                                           6
The HS System




                7
What is the difference?
Export codes (Schedule B) are maintained by the U.S.
  Census Bureau.
Import codes are administered by the U.S. International
  Trade Commission (USITC).
Import Codes CAN be used to classify Exports, but
  Exports codes CAN NOT be used to classify goods
  for import (Imports has a lot more detail!!)




                                                          8
Changes to the HTSUSA & Schedule B
Changes occur three different ways:
• WCO changes affect the HS (4 or 6 digit) level
• Legislation – affects the legal (8-digit) level
   • Imports only

• 484(f) committee – affects the statistical (10-digit)
  level




                                                          9
Export Specific Information
Related vs. Non-related
Statistics cover the physical movement of
  goods, regardless of if item is sold
When a U.S. manufacturer exports
 merchandise to their company in
 France or to a non-related purchaser in
 Russia, both are counted as trade



                                            11
Valuation
F.A.S. Export Value (free alongside ship)
• Value of export at port based on transaction
  price, including inland freight, insurance
  other charges incurred (before loaded)
• Excludes international freight, cost of loading
  merchandise and any other charges/costs
  beyond port of export



                                                    12
Leases

If merchandise exported for <12 months
  • Non-statistical
Consignment - Temp. lease with option to
 buy
  • Statistical
  • Examples: artwork or aircraft



                                           13
Repairs – Exports
Exporting items for repair
  • Report Ch. 1-97 HS number of item
  • Non-statistical
  • AES export information code TR
    (temporary export for repair)
Exporting items repaired in U.S.
  • Report HS 9801 and value of repair
  • Statistical



                                         14
Import Specific Information


        Carol Aristone
 Commodity Analysis Branch
Carol.Ann.Aristone@census.gov
Topics
 •   Valuation
 •   CSC
 •   Special Provisions
 •   Rate Provision Codes (RP)
 •   Repairs




                                 16
Valuation
Customs Value
  • Generally, price actually paid excluding:
    • Duties
    • Freight
    • Insurance and other charges
  • Relationship b/w parties should not
    influence value



                                                17
Valuation (cont.)

CIF (cost, insurance, freight)

  • CIF = Customs Value + Import Charges

  • Excludes U.S. import duties




                                           18
Valuation (cont.)

Dutiable Value
  • Customs value of foreign goods subject to
    duty
  • Where merchandise is a combination of
    U.S. and foreign goods, duty is applied
    only to the foreign value added



                                                19
Valuation (cont.)

To determine the dutiable value of a
 combination of U.S. and foreign goods:
    • Example: 9802 provision
    • U.S. value is included in statistics
        Value is total of domestic + foreign values
    • U.S. Goods indicators show that a portion of
      the import is domestic materials
    • Publication IM146A



                                                       20
Valuation (cont.)

Duty
  • Collected by CBP
  • FTD generally uses duty as reported to
    CBP




                                             21
Country Sub-Codes (CSC)
Indicates a special program allowing for
  free or reduced duty
• Examples: GSP, US-Chile Free Trade
  Agreement, NAFTA
• CSC used:
  •   00 = no special programs claimed
  •   CA = Goods marked for Canada (NAFTA)
  •   MX = Goods marked for Mexico (NAFTA)
  •   Full list available on our website




                                             22
Special Provisions

Chapter 98 & 99 for National use
  • Ch 98 - duty free/reduction
  • Ch 99 - legislation, executive and
    administrative actions




                                         23
Special Provisions (cont.)

9801 - U.S. goods exported and returned
  not advanced or improved
  • U.S. origin
  • Previously exported from U.S.




                                          24
Special Provisions (cont.)

9802 – Goods with components of U.S.
  origin
  • U.S. goods assembled abroad
  • Importers deduct value of U.S. goods from
    total Customs value




                                                25
Special Provisions (cont.)
   Dual Reporting of Codes
Report 10-digit statistical reporting number
• Chapter 1-97
• Unit of quantity and value
Followed by special provision
• Chapter 98



                                               26
Special Provisions (cont.)
   Dual Reporting of Codes
9817.85.01
   • Prototypes for development, testing, evaluation
   • Free
8422.11.0000
   • Dishwasher, household
   • 2.4%
8422.19.0000
   • Dishwasher, other
   • Free


                                                       27
Special Provisions (cont.)

Chapter 99
  • Quotas
  • Additional duties
  • Temporary reductions




                             28
29
30
31
Special Provisions (cont.)
   Dual Reporting of Codes
 • Footnote 189 - See headings 9902.01.19,
   9902.02.12, 9902.12.54, etc.
 • Reduced or duty free rates
 • 9902.01.19 Vinclozolin
 • Report 9902.01.19 - 2934.99.1200




                                             32
Rate Provision (RP) codes

  • RP codes indicate free or dutiable status

  • Every line item is assigned a RP code

  • RP code can relate back to Ch. 98 or 99

  • Assigned by FTD



                                                33
Rate Provisions (cont.)
Examples of RP codes:
  • RP 17 = Free as articles imported for the
    handicapped. Imported under HTS
    subheadings 9817.00.92, 9817.00.94 &
    9817.00.96
  • RP 69 = Dutiable at rate prescribed in
    Rate of Duty columns of HTS Ch. 99.
    Duty reported
  • Full list available on our website

                                                34
Repairs – Imports
Importing repaired item
  • Report Ch. 98 number and value of repair
     • If under warranty – non-statistical
     • If Non-warranty – statistical
        Also report Ch. 1-97 HS in order to
         determine duty

Importing item for repair
  • Temporary imports


                                               35
Internet References

FTD
  • http://www.census.gov/trade
Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics
  • http://www.census.gov/foreign-
    trade/guide/index.html




                                     36
  Internet References (cont.)

Schedule B
  • http://www.census.gov/scheduleb
HTSUSA
  • http://www.usitc.gov/tata/hts/bychapter/index.htm




                                                        37
Internet References (cont.)

CSC
  • http://www.census.gov/foreign-
    trade/reference/codes/csc.html
RP
  • http://www.census.gov/foreign-
    trade/reference/codes/rp.html


                                     38
Any Questions?


                 39
  U.S. Census Bureau

       Sources of Data

           Katrina R. King
Data Collection Coordination Branch
    Katrina.R.King@census.gov
Topics
•   Coverage
•   Bonded Warehouses
•   Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs)
•   Sources of Import Data
•   Import Data Categories
•   Sources of Export Data
•   Export Data Categories
•   Kimberley Process (KP)


                                 41
Coverage


           42
Coverage

Movement of goods into & out of:
  •   U.S. Customs Territory
  •   U.S. Virgin Islands
  •   Bonded Warehouses
  •   Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs)



                                   43
Coverage (cont.)

• Goods not included:
  • U.S. trade with U.S. territories
  • Trade between U.S. territories
  • Trade between foreign countries and U.S.
    territories (other than PR and VI)
  • In transit merchandise through the U.S.


                                               44
 Bonded
Warehouses

             45
Bonded Warehouses

• Authorized by U.S. Customs

• Payment of duties on goods are deferred
  until goods are moved into Customs
  territories

• No duties if reshipped to foreign points

                                             46
Foreign Trade
Zones (FTZs)

                47
Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs)
• Operated as public utilities under the control of
  U.S. Customs

• Goods are subject to duties if sent into Customs
  territory

• No duties if reshipped to foreign points



                                                      48
Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) (cont.)

•Non-Privileged Foreign (NPF) Status—duties are
based on the condition of the goods when it exits
the zone

•Privileged Foreign (PF) Status—duties are based
on the condition of the goods when it first enters
the zone



                                                     49
 Sources of
Import Data

              50
Sources of Import Data
    Paper (PRTDS)            Electronic

   Entry Summaries       (ACS) ABI Entries
   (CBP Form-7501)       (CBP Form-7501)

   Vessel Repairs        Automated Commercial
   (CBP Form-226)        Environment (ACE)

   Foreign Trade Zones
   Admissions            CBP E-214
   (CBP Form-214A)




                                                51
Sources of Import Data (cont.)
                             Percent of      Number of
 Source                        Value          Records

 ABI                                  86.7     3,948,079
 E214                                 10.2        58,188
 Canadian                              1.3            53
  Gas and Electricity

 Paper Documents                       1.0         9,172
   CBPF-7501, CBPF-226 and CBPF-214

 Estimates                             0.7           209
 ACE                                   0.1        11,307
 Totals                                        4,026,955

                                                  February 2010 data
                                                                       52
Import Data
 Categories

              53
Import Data Categories


 1. General Imports        2. Imports for Consumption
 Imports for Consumption     Imports for Consumption
Warehouse or FTZ Entries    Warehouse or FTZ Withdrawals




                                                           54
Import Data Categories (cont.)

General Imports – measure the total
 physical arrivals of merchandise from
 foreign countries
  • Entering consumption channels
    immediately or
  • Bonded warehouses or FTZs admissions
  • Most widely used measure of imports

                                           55
Import Data Categories (cont.)

Imports for Consumption – measure
  the total merchandise that has
  physically cleared through Customs
  • Entering consumption channels
    immediately or
  • Entering after withdrawal for consumption
    from bonded warehouses or FTZ

                                                56
Import Data Categories (cont.)

Usually
Imports for consumption <= General imports


Remember
General Imports = Consumption+admissions
Imports for Consumption = Consumption+withdrawals



                                                    57
Import Data Categories (cont.)

Goods processed in a FTZ
  Example: Petroleum entered in FTZ
  • General import stats would show Ch 27 when
    goods admitted to FTZ
  • Petroleum is processed in the zone, creating
    byproducts classified in Ch 25
  • Therefore imports for consumption are based
    on what EXITS the zone (Ch 25)


                                                   58
Import Data Categories (cont.)

Example continued:
Petroleum processed in a FTZ could result in:
   Chapter 27
   General import stats > Consumption stats


   Chapter 25
   General Import stats < Consumption stats



                                                59
Sources of
Export Data

              60
Sources of Export Data

                Electronic


          Automated Export System
                  (AES)



          Canadian Data Exchange




                                    61
Sources of Export Data (cont.)
  Source         Percent of   Number of
                   Value       Records

  AES                 78.9     1,596,539
  Canada              18.8       773,027
  Estimates            2.3           222
  Totals                       2,440,295

                                 February 2010 data



                                                      62
Export Data
Categories

              63
Export Data Categories

• Domestic Exports
• Foreign Exports (Re-exports)
• Noncontiguous Exports




                                 64
Export Data Categories (cont.)

Domestic Exports
  • Merchandise grown, produced, or
    manufactured in the U.S.
  • Foreign origin merchandise that has been
    changed from the form in which it was
    originally imported



                                               65
Export Data Categories (cont.)

Foreign Exports (Re-exports)
  • Foreign origin merchandise that has
    entered the U.S. for consumption
  • At the time of exportation, the condition of
    the merchandise is substantially the same
    as it was when imported



                                                   66
Export Data Categories (cont.)

Noncontiguous Exports
  • PR and VI trade with the U.S
  • Separate data product




                                   67
Kimberley Process
      (KP)


                    68
Kimberley Process (KP)

• A joint initiative to stem the flow of conflict
  diamonds.
• Minimum requirements for its members
   •   Domestic legislation
   •   Forgery-resistant certificate
   •   Tamper-proof packaging
   •   Trade with other KP Participants
   •   Submit to peer review
   •   Statistical reporting
                                                    69
Kimberley Process (KP) (cont.)

• Imports must be entered by formal entry
  regardless of value
• Exports must be filed in AES regardless of
  value
• Export validation
• US KP statistics
  • KP certificate
  • Date of certificate issue


                                               70
Kimberley Process (KP) (cont.)

• Resources
  – www.KimberleyProcessStatistics.org
     (KP Rough Diamond Statistics)
  – www.state.gov/e/eeb/diamonds
     (State Department Conflict Diamonds)
  – www.KimberleyProcess.com
     (Main Kimberley Process)
  – www.uskpa.org
     (U.S. Kimberley Process Authority)
                                            71
Data Collection Coordination Branch


           Questions!




      Katrina.R.King@census.gov
             (301)763-2476
                                      72
  Processing and Editing


           June 23, 2010

            Sherri R. Ewing
Methods Research and Quality Assurance
     Sherri.R.Ewing@census.gov
Topics

• Processing
• ACE Portal




               74
Processing

Overview
• Prepare for editing
• Edit
• Resolve errors




                        75
Editing at Point of Collection

• We edit data at point of collection
• Alerts the filer of any discrepancies
  – Immediate feedback and response to
    errors
  – More difficult to correct records once we
    receive the data
• Ensures best quality data

                                                76
Prepare Records for Editing
• Combine sources

• Reformat data to uniform structure

• Identify Non-statistical transactions
   − Shipments to the U.S. Armed Forces
   – Personal household goods


• Low value records
                                          77
Prepare Records for Editing
Statistical time periods
• Statistical month
  – Imports - Release date
  – Exports - Clearance date
• Current Month
• Carryover
• Future month
                               78
Prepare Records for Editing

Preliminary Alterations
• Recode or convert commodities as
  necessary
• Convert quantities
  Example: Conversion of lbs. to kg.



                                       79
Prepare Records for Editing
Apply Corrections to Data
  • Submitted by filer
  • Replace existing shipments
     Example: Filer mistakenly placed $10
     million in the value field and then reported
     a correction for that field of $10 thousand
 Note: can also apply corrections received
 after data edited
                                                    80
Editing

Overview
• Code Validations
• Relationship Edits
• Ratio Edits
• Range Edits


                       81
Editing

Code Validations
We validate codes with lookup tables
  – Harmonized System commodity
  – Country of origin
  – Foreign port
  – U.S. port
  – Special Program Indicators (imports)

                                           82
Editing
Relationship Edits

• Commodity-specific relationship edits

• Mode of Transportation and Port of
  Unlading relationship


                                          83
Editing
Ratio Edits
• Verify numeric data by computing ratios
• Check ratios against commodity-specific
  ranges
• Several types of ratio edits
  o Value to quantity
  o Quantity to shipping weight or value to shipping weight
  o First quantity to second quantity for shipments
    requiring two quantities


                                                              84
Editing
Ratio Edits
• Unit price example - Fireworks
  – We edit the quantity using unit price
    parameters of $0.66/kg to $30.17/kg




                                            85
Editing
Range Edits
• Range Edits
  o Shipping weight exceeds what the mode of
    transportation can carry
     – Example: 205,000 kg shipped via air is impossible


• Commodity-Specific Range Edits
  o Focus on each individual commodity
     – Example: 20 kg of diamonds unlikely


                                                           86
Editing
Commodity Specific Parameters
• 2.5 million parameters
  – 17,000+ Import commodity codes
  – 8,000+ Export commodity codes
• Approximately 100 edit parameters per
  commodity
• Flexible – can easily make necessary
  changes to parameters
                                          87
Error Resolution
• Cannot review every questionable
  record
• Edit programs identify records that are
  eligible for imputation
• Edit programs will not automatically
  impute records that have high impact


                                            88
Error Resolution

Imputation

  Is the substitution of some value for a
      missing data point or a missing
        component of a data point


                                            89
Error Resolution
Imputation
• Impute a new quantity or shipping weight
  from a factor and value or previously
  edited field
• Unit price example
    1,000 kg of fireworks valued at $40,000
    would reject our edit if unit price
    parameters are $0.66/kg to $30.17/kg

                                              90
Error Resolution
Analyst review
• Contact the filer
• Confirm correct classification
• Bypass the edits



                                   91
Error Resolution

Analyst Review
• Aggregate data by commodity to determine if
  total values and quantities are reasonable
• Utilize summary files
• Compare measures to previous months –
  look for missing or misreported data and
  identify processing problems


                                                92
Topics

• Processing
• ACE Portal




               93
ACE Portal

 Several sources of data are used in
 Census publications.

 Data users will not see all the data,
 such as statistics on paper, and low
 value estimates.


                                         94
ACE Portal

Census Categorizes data by Entry Types
     • General Imports
     • Imports for Consumption


The ACE Portal will contain all entry
 types
     • Double counting trade into and out of
       warehouses and Foreign Trade Zones

                                               95
ACE Portal
 Differences in the data

    • Editing and imputing data occur after the
      data are extracted from the source

    • Non-statistical data are not published



                                                  96
ACE Portal

Time periods

    • Late filings are published in a later
      statistical month, and then corrected in
      the yearly revisions.

    • Early filings are held until the next
      processing month

                                                 97
Data Processing and Editing

        Questions!




   Sherri.R.Ewing@census.gov
          (301)763-3330
                               98
         The
United States – Canada
    Data Exchange

Eboné Norman
Process Coordination Staff
U.S. Census Bureau
June 23, 2010

Ebone.D.Norman@census.gov
What is the United States – Canada
          Data Exchange?
 Agreement between the governments of
      the United States and Canada
               based on a
 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)




                                        100
          Who is Involved?

UNITED STATES
• U.S. Census Bureau (BOC)
• U.S. Customs & Border Protection (CBP)

CANADA
• Statistics Canada (STC)
• Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)


                                           101
   How Does It Work?


  U.S. Exports to Canada =
Canadian Imports from the U.S.
             and
Canadian Exports to the U.S. =
  U.S. Imports from Canada



                                 102
       Why Was It Created?

• Rise in Export under coverage

 Benefits:
• Decrease operating costs to process
     Export Declarations

• Eliminate reporting burden of Exporters

• Location and language of both countries
                                            103
  Impact On U.S. Trade Statistics

• U.S. and Canada Major Trading Partners


• Approx.14-15% of Total Imports Value
 from Canada

• Approx.18-20% of Total Exports Value to
 Canada
                                            104
105
What Are Some Differences in the
        Data Exchange?


  • HS Recodes

  • Vendor vs. Exporter (USPPI)




                                   106
How Do We Receive Canadian
       Import Data?

 • STC transmits files twice per month

 • Adjustments are required




                                         107
 What Kind of Adjustments?
• Freight Charges

• Currency Conversion

• Exports of Foreign Goods to Canada

• Exports of U.S. Goods to Canada from
  Third Party Countries

• Revisions
                                         108
          Freight Charges

• Included in U.S. Exports

• Excluded in Canadian Imports

• Added to compensate for difference in
  valuation


                                          109
       Currency Conversion

• U.S. Federal Reserve’s
 monthly exchange rate


• STC converts to U.S. dollars/BOC
 converts to Canadian dollars


• Files are transmitted
                                     110
    Exports of Foreign Goods
           to Canada

• Transmitted from STC

• BOC includes these goods
  in U.S. export statistics to Canada



                                        111
Exports of U.S. Goods to Canada
  from Third Party Countries

 • Transmitted from STC

 • BOC excludes these goods from
   U.S. export statistics to Canada



                                      112
           Revisions


• Estimates for Late Arrivals

• Corrections from STC

• Corrections Made by BOC


                                113
   Estimates for Late Arrivals

• STC sends with second transmittal

• Estimates replaced with actual
  values the following month in the
   FT-900 press release only



                                      114
     Corrections from STC

• STCsends with second
 transmittal

• Corrections to data sent in first
 transmittal

• Prior Month Corrections

                                      115
    Corrections Made By BOC

• Commodity analysts verify corrections
 with their STC counterparts


• Corrections made prior to publication,
  when possible



                                           116
       ??? Questions ???




Eboné Norman
Ebone.D.Norman@census.gov

                            117
U.S. Census Bureau
  Foreign Trade Division

Trade with Partner Countries

                   Emmanuel Omoruyi
                         June 23, 2010
                   U.S. Census Bureau
   Trade with Partner Countries

Definition of Partner Country
Reasons for Trade Discrepancies
Resolving Trade Discrepancies
Partner Country Reconciliation




                                  119
   Trade with Partner Countries
      Definition of Partner Country

• Countries that have official export and
    import trade relationships with the
    United States.
• Country of ultimate destination for
    export and country of origin for
    import.
                                            120
  Trade with Partner Countries

         Partner Countries

                        China



U.S                      Malaysia

                                    121
    Trade with Partner Countries

      What is considered a U.S. export ?

•   Domestically produced merchandise

•   Foreign merchandise re-exported or sold
     to partner countries




                                              122
   Trade with Partner Countries


   What is considered a U.S. import ?

• Partner’s merchandise based on country of
     origin
• Partner’s re-exports of foreign merchandise


                                                123
    Trade with Partner Countries
    Reasons for Trade Discrepancies


• The valuation of goods
    Imports : Customs basis.
    Exports: Free AlongSide Ship (FAS) basis.




                                                124
   Trade with Partner Countries

    Reasons for Trade Discrepancies

• Classification issues
   Commodity contents
   True commodity




                                      125
   Trade with Partner Countries

      Reasons for Trade Discrepancies


• Definition of goods
    The U.S. does not count containers as goods
    traded with partner’s countries




                                                  126
     Trade with Partner Countries

    Reasons for Trade Discrepancies

• Undercounting or under reporting
    Import is more complete
    Export may be understated




                                      127
     Trade with Partner Countries
     Reasons for Trade Discrepancies

• Third country
                      U.S.


  China                      Malaysia




                                        128
   Trade with Partner Countries
   Reasons for Trade Discrepancies


• Low value
  $2000 for imports
  Special case: $250 for certain quota items

  $2500 for exports



                                               129
    Trade with Partner Countries

   Reasons for Trade Discrepancies


• Geographic coverage
  Trading partners’ often treat Puerto Rico and Virgin
    Islands trade as trade with separate countries.




                                                         130
    Trade with Partner Countries
    Reasons for Trade Discrepancies

• Special Cases
  In-Transit Goods
  Re-imports
  Country of origin undetermined
  International Standard Organization (ISO) coding
     errors


                                                     131
    Trade with Partner Countries
      Resolving Trade Discrepancies

• Resolve significant trade discrepancies by
     reconciliation.
• Assign reasons and dollar amounts for all
     known previous reasons.
• The unexplained balance we assign as
     Residual.


                                               132
     Trade with Partner Countries

       Resolving Trade Discrepancies

From total U.S. published imports, we subtract :
     Re-imports
     Containers
     Imports from 3rd countries
     Geographical coverage
     Low value
     Re-exports

                                                   133
     Trade with Partner Countries

      Resolving Trade Discrepancies

From total U.S. published exports, we subtract :
     Re-exports
     Geographic coverage
     Shipping (Freight Charges)
     Repairs

                                                   134
   Trade with Partner countries

     Resolving Trade Discrepancies

• Residual
  U.S. published imports – calculated discrepancies -
   Partner’s published exports.

  U.S. published exports – calculated discrepancies -
    Partner’s published imports.

                                                        135
Trade with Partner Countries
        Partner Country Reconciliation

• China:
      Published 2000, 2004 and 2006 reconciliation
      http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade /aip/ recon



• Morocco:
     Reconciliation in process.


                                                        136
Trade with Partner Countries

         QUESTIONS?




                               137
District/Port and
Mode of Transportation Data


                          Bill Regina
                       June 23, 2010
                  U.S. Census Bureau




                                        138
                Objectives

   District/Port data definitions
   Mode of Transportation (MOT) types
   District/Port and MOT edits/relationship
   Data quality and other issues




                                               139
 What is a District/Port Code?
A 4-digit number denoting the specific
           location of the port:

               3022
“30” = Seattle, WA (general district)
“3022” = Spokane, WA (exact port)




                                         140
District/Port Data
Definitions


Exports
     Vessel or Air –

    The airport or seaport where the goods are loaded

     on the exporting carrier that is taking them out of

     the United States




                                                           141
District/Port Data
Definitions,
Continued

Exports
     Overland (to a border country) –

    The port where the export crosses the U.S. border

     into a foreign country




                                                        142
District/Port Data
Definitions,
Continued

Exports
     Overland (through a border country) –

    The port where the goods are loaded on the

     exporting carrier that is taking them out of the

     United States




                                                        143
District/Port Data Definitions,
Continued

Imports
 Port of Entry –

The port where the goods clear U.S. Customs




                                              144
District/Port Data Definitions,
Continued

Imports
 Port of Unlading –

The port where the goods are unloaded from the
  conveying vessel or aircraft




                                                 145
  Mode of Transportation (MOT)
  types
MOT is based on how the merchandise arrives in or
departs from the United States.

      Vessel
      Air
      “Other”
           - Truck
           - Rail
           - Others




                                                    146
How does a truck get here from
Finland?


  Method of Transportation (MOT) is identified by the
   method of conveyance that is used when the
   shipment crosses the border and enters the U.S.




                                                         147
Port and Method of
Transportation (MOT) edits
 Are the data:
  Valid?
  Obsolete?

 Relationship editing:
  MOT vs. port
  MOT vs. commodity
  MOT vs. other data




                             148
Data Quality and Other Issues


 Container information

 Reported information:

     missing, invalid, obsolete, or erroneous




                                                149
Data Quality and Other Issues,
Continued
 User-Fee and Courier Ports

 “Special” Districts

 Published Method of Transportation

      (MOT) totals at Ports




                                       150
       Questions?




Bill Regina
William.G.Regina@census.gov
(301) 763-7751


                              151
U.S. Census Bureau
 Foreign Trade Division

     Quality Issues

                        Chris Grieves
                       June 23, 2010
                 U.S. Census Bureau
           Topics Covered


• Uses of Foreign Trade Statistics
• Quality Issues
• Responses to Quality Issues




                                     153
  Uses of Foreign Trade Statistics

Accurate trade data are necessary for
  economic, commercial, and policy purposes.

Used by
  • Government
  • Non-Government




                                               154
           Government Uses
• Develop the merchandise trade figures
     • To appraise and analyze major movements
       and trends in international trade
     • To evaluate and plan various programs
     • To measure impact of tariff and trade
       concessions

• Statistical base to implement and analyze
  operations under various international
  agreements
     • E.g. NAFTA
                                                 155
         Government Uses (cont.)

Meet legal and regulatory requirements
  Imports
     •   Correctly assess import duties
     •   Administer embargoes and quotas
     •   Restrict counterfeit items entering the country
     •   Implement control policies
  Exports
     Effectively administer control and regulatory policies for
     • national security or foreign policy reasons
     • implement export quotas or embargo programs
     • administer short supply programs

                                                                  156
        Non-Government Uses

Users in industry, finance, research, and
 transportation
     • Appraise the general trade situation and
       outlook
     • Perform share-of-the-market analyses and
       market penetration studies
     • Aid in product and market development
     • Measure the impact of competition
     • Determine marketing policies

                                                  157
    Importance of Data Quality

• Leading economic indicator
• Wide and varied group of users
• To use information wisely and
  appropriately need to understand
  limitations.



                                     158
          Topics Covered


• Foreign Trade Statistics
• Quality Issues
• Responses to Quality Issues




                                159
              Quality Issues

•   Reporting Errors
•   Documentation
•   Low Value
•   Carryover




                               160
            Reporting Errors

Mistakes or omissions made by importers,
  exporters, or their agents when reporting
  import or export shipments

Common Data Elements
• quantity or shipping weight
• state of origin designation
• commodity code
• charges
                                              161
            Reporting Errors
Misclassification of Commodity Codes

• Import information subject to greater scrutiny
  so more common with exports and duty free
  imports

• Results in inaccuracies for commodity level
  detailed data

                                                   162
           Reporting Errors
Reasons for Misclassification
  • Typos
  • Duty avoidance
  • Not understanding the classification
    system

   Census Bureau utilizes edits to detect
   misreporting and send error messages to the
   filers
                                                 163
            Reporting Errors
Charges
  • Invoiced freight, insurance, or other
    charges
     • If included in the invoice price must be
       included in the Customs Value
     • If an importer does not know the exact value of
       all charges, must be estimated
     • The filer must have documentation to exclude
       an item from Custom Value
  Result is actual value may be over or
   understated                                           164
              Quality Issues

•   Reporting Errors
•   Documentation
•   Low Value
•   Carryover




                               165
            Documentation

Documentation issues can arise when
 shipments
  • move through an intermediary country
  • move through Foreign Trade Zones
    (FTZs)
  • consist of rail cars and/or locomotives


                                              166
             Documentation
Intermediary Country
Canada
  • Exports to Canada; no documentation required
  • Exports where Canada is not the ultimate
    destination country; documentation is required

Transiting Goods
  • When under bond, excluded from trade statistics
  • Sometimes entered into the US using import entry
    summary and an export declaration is filed

                                                       167
              Documentation
Foreign Trade Zones

Goods enter a FTZ
  • A customs form 214 is filled out


Goods withdrawn from a FTZ can be
  • Imports
  • Exports
  • In-bond

                                       168
                    Documentation
  Foreign Trade Zone Withdrawals


                              FTZ




                       U.S. Customs                  Foreign
     FTZ                                             Country
                         Territory
Shipment in-bond,   Import documentation must be   Export documentation
  no duties paid        filled out, duties paid         should be
                                                         filled out

                                                                          169
              Documentation
Imports of Rail Cars

By law importers of rail cars and locomotives
  are not required to report their shipments,
  when duty free.

Statistics Canada (STC)
  • established a voluntary survey
  • included as a revision to Canada’s export trade
    data since late 2004

                                                      170
              Quality Issues

•   Reporting Errors
•   Documentation
•   Low Value
•   Carryover




                               171
What do we mean by “Low Value”?

• To reduce filer burden, value-based exemption
  levels have been in place for many years
• Current exemption levels
   • Exports - $2500 for all goods
   • Imports - $2000 for most goods
             - $250 for certain quota items

• Filers not required to file full detail for data valued
  below exemption level


                                                            172
              Quality Issues

•   Reporting Errors
•   Documentation
•   Low Value
•   Carryover




                               173
              Carryover

• Trade records received and/or processed
  too late for inclusion with records in the
  correct transaction month

• Current carryover rate (2009 avg. of total
  value)
  • 0.10% exports
  • 0.60% imports

                                               174
                   Carryover
Each month in the FT900, the total import,
  export, trade balance and ―end-use‖ totals for
  the prior month are adjusted for carryover
     • SITC (Standard International Trade
       Classification) and country detail reports not
       revised

Annual revision takes place each June
     • SITC and country detail reports are revised


                                                        175
          Topics Covered


• Foreign Trade Statistics
• Quality Issues
• Responses to Quality Issues




                                176
               Revisions
Every June of the current year, FTD
 publishes an annual revision of the
 previous year
  • Carryover correction
  • Corrections resulting from data
    investigations
  • Customs and Canadian revisions


                                       177
Low Value Estimation
Starting with January 2010 statistics, we have
implemented new LV estimation methodologies.
For Exports
• We have added a courier component

For Imports
• We have implemented a roll-up procedure as well as a
   courier component

For Both
• We are utilizing current month records
                                                         178
         Automated Reporting

• Effective July 2, 2008 all exports were to be
  filed through the Automated Export System
  (AES)

• Imports can be electronically filed through the
  Automated Broker Interface (ABI) and the
  Automated Commercial Environment (ACE)


                                                    179
Benefits of Automated Reporting

 • Receive and compile data quickly
 • Reduce Error
   • Exports (as of a 2001 study)
       – 57% of paper SEDs contain errors
       – 10% of AES records contain errors
   • Imports (as of a 2001 study)
       – 37% of Customs Entry Forms 7501 contain
         errors
       – 8% of ABI records contain errors

                                                   180
Benefits of Automated Reporting

  • Online, instant validation checks
  • Reduction in carryover

Exports
  • AES Compliance Review Program
  • No more export paper documents are
    lost
                                         181
             Conclusion

FTD continues to monitor the quality of
 data during collection, processing, and
 publication.

We are constantly exploring ways to
 further improve the quality of
 international trade data.
                                           182
       Questions ?




christopher.grieves@census.gov
         (301) 763-6610



                                 183
   U.S. International Trade in Goods

              Balance of Payments Basis


                            John Rutter
                   Bureau of the Census Conference on
              “Understanding and Using Foreign Trade Data”
                             Washington D.C.
www.bea.gov                    June 23, 2010
    Goods on a Balance of Payments (BOP) Basis


    ▪ BOP basis = Census basis + Net BOP Adjustments

    ▪ BOP Adjustments are made to:
        Eliminate duplication of transactions recorded
         elsewhere in the international accounts

         Supplement coverage of Census basis data

         Align U.S. trade data with national and international
          BOP accounting standards



www.bea.gov                                                       185
    BOP Adjustments to Exports and Imports

                 BOP Adjustments to Exports and Imports, 2009
                                       [billions of dollars]
     Exports of goods, Census basis    1,056.0 Imports of goods, Census basis      1,559.6

     Plus: BOP adjustments, net            12.5 Plus: BOP adjustments, net            15.8

         Goods procured in U.S.            10.9        Goods procured in foreign      8.5
         ports by foreign carriers                     ports by U.S. carriers
         Exports under U.S. military        1.0        Imports by U.S. military        2.7
         agency sales contracts, net                   agencies, net
         Low-value transactions            4.0         Low-value transactions         0.5

         Repair of equipment               -4.4        Repair of equipment           -2.6

         Other adjustments                  1.0        Other adjustments              6.6

     Equals: Exports of goods, BOP     1,068.5 Equals: Imports of goods, BOP       1,575.4
     basis                                     basis

www.bea.gov                                                                                  186
                                               Net BOP Adjustments

                                                             BOP Net Adjustments, 1999-2009
                          40.0


                          35.0


                          30.0


                          25.0
    billions of dollars




                          20.0


                          15.0


                          10.0


                           5.0


                           0.0
                                 1999   2000   2001       2002        2003        2004        2005     2006   2007   2008   2009

                                                Import Adjustments, Net      Export Adjustments, Net


www.bea.gov                                                                                                                        187
     Goods Procured in Port (Exports and Imports)


 ▪ Addition of air and ocean carriers’ purchases of
   goods in foreign ports

 ▪ Limited to purchases of bunker fuel and jet fuel at
   this time

 ▪ Formerly included in the services category “Other
   transportation”



www.bea.gov                                              188
 Exports Under U.S. Military Agency Sales Contracts

    ▪ Net value of two separate adjustments beginning with statistics for
      1999:
        Deduction of goods identified in the Census data as exports
         under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program; and,
        Addition of identified FMS goods exports, which are provided to
         BEA by the U.S. Department of Defense.

    ▪ New treatment introduced in June 2010 to align the U.S. accounts
      with international balance of payments accounting standards

    ▪ For statistics prior to 1999, reflects only the deduction of identified
      goods exported under the FMS program
         These exports were then included, along with exports of services under
          the FMS program, in the services category "Transfers under U.S.
          military sales contracts”




www.bea.gov                                                                        189
               Imports by U.S. Military Agencies

    ▪ Net value of two separate adjustments beginning with statistics for
      1999:
        Deduction of goods (petroleum and non-petroleum) identified
         in the Census data as imports by U.S. military agencies; and,
        Addition of petroleum purchases abroad by U.S. military
         agencies, which are provided to BEA by the U.S. Department of
         Defense.

    ▪ New treatment introduced in June 2010 to align the U.S. accounts
      with international balance of payments accounting guidelines

    ▪ For statistics prior to 1999, reflects only the deduction of goods
      imported by U.S. military agencies
          These imports were then included, along with imports of services by
           U.S. military agencies, in the services category "Direct defense
           expenditures"




www.bea.gov                                                                      190
    Low-Value Transactions (Exports and Imports)


    ▪   Census revised its low-value estimation methodology beginning with
        statistics for January 2010

    ▪   BEA added adjustments for 2007-2009 to phase in the new methodology

    ▪   Adjustments are based on comparison of statistics resulting from the new
        and previous Census methodologies

    ▪   Unlike exports, the new low value adjustment for imports is accomplished
        with two procedures rather than one. The second procedure is to identify
        and include reported low-value imports by commodity and country with
        the existing higher-valued reported imports data. Thus, the low value
        estimate for imports is relatively small compared with the low value
        estimate for exports.

    ▪   BEA will reexamine the historical low value adjustments when additional
        “new vs. previous” comparisons become available



www.bea.gov                                                                        191
     Repair of Equipment (Exports and Imports)

  ▪ Deductions are made from goods to classify all
    repairs in services

  ▪ Census data include only the value of the repairs
    (parts + labor), not the value of the underlying
    commodity

  ▪ International guidelines recommend that all
    repairs be classified as services



www.bea.gov                                             192
                    Other BOP Adjustments

     ▪   Exports
           Private gift parcel remittances are added
           Electric energy transmitted to Mexico is added
           Motion picture film is deducted to avoid duplication with services
            data

     ▪   Imports
           Inland freight in Canada and Mexico are added
           Revaluation of imported software is added, reflecting an increase
            from reported media value to estimated full market value
           Locomotives/railcars shipped from Canada and Mexico are added
           Electric energy transmitted from Mexico is added
           An adjustment for nonmonetary gold is added, if needed, reflecting
            gold sold by foreign official agencies to private purchasers out of
            stock held at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York




www.bea.gov                                                                       193
                                    BOP Adjustments to Exports

                                                           BOP Export Adjustments, 1999-2009
                      20.0



                      15.0



                      10.0
billions of dollars




                       5.0



                       0.0



                      -5.0



             -10.0
                             1999   2000      2001       2002    2003       2004       2005        2006       2007       2008   2009

                                       Export Adjustments, Net   Goods Procured in Ports      Low Value Transactions
                                       Foreign Military Sales    Equipment Repair             Other Export Adjustments


         www.bea.gov                                                                                                                   194
                                    BOP Adjustments to Imports

                                                              BOP Import Adjustments, 1999-2009

                      40.0


                      35.0


                      30.0

                      25.0
billions of dollars




                      20.0


                      15.0


                      10.0

                       5.0


                       0.0


                      -5.0
                             1999     2000      2001          2002      2003      2004         2005       2006         2007      2008   2009

                                    Import Adjustments, Net          Goods Procured in Ports          Inland Freight
                                    Direct Defense Expenditures      Equipment Repair                 Other Import Adjustments


www.bea.gov                                                                                                                                    195
  Possible Future New BOP Adjustments

     ▪ As needed to implement international
       accounting standards or to improve coverage
     Examples
           Goods for Processing
               This adjustment would deduct from Census-basis goods
                data the value of goods processed abroad without change
                of ownership. The fee charged by the processor
                (including all costs, margins and profit) would be added
                to manufacturing services exports or imports.

           Merchanting
               Merchanting represents the profit/loss of goods
                purchased/sold abroad without entering the U.S. customs
                territory. Merchanting is currently included in services
                trade on a net export basis.


www.bea.gov                                                                196
U.S. Census Bureau
 Foreign Trade Division
Profile of U.S. Exporting
 Companies 2007-2008

                     Ryan Coleman
                      May 20, 2010
                U.S. Census Bureau
Profile of U.S. Exporters
       2007 – 2008
       Released April 13, 2010
Available on FTD Website back to 1996
http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/aip/index.html#profile



                                                             198
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

What is the Profile of U.S. Exporters?
  Snapshot of exporting companies within a
  given data year:

     Who exports?
     Where do they export ?
     Where are they exporting from?


                                             199
   Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

               U.S. Census Bureau News
                  U.S. Department of Commerce • Washington, D.C. 20230


                                  FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
                           8:30 A.M. EST FRIDAY, APRIL 13, 2010

For information contact: (301) 763-3629                                  CB-xx-
xx
Jeff McHugh , Ryan Coleman or Andreana Able



                A Profile of U.S. Exporting Companies, 2007 - 2008


                                                                           200
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

          $
 Partially ponsored by the
 International Trade Administration (ITA)

 Produced by the Special Projects Branch

 Produced by linking export records to the Census
 Business Register



                                                    201
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
 Composition of Total Export Value: 2008
               3%
                             8%        Unidentified =
                                      Unmatched export
                                      records
                                       Identified = Matched
                                      export records(Known
                    89%
                                      export value)
                                       Other = Low value
                                      est., revisions, Gov’t
                                      shipments
Unidentified    Identified    Other

                                                               202
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

      Profile Characteristics - I

   Company type – NAICS based
     (North American Industry Classification System)
        Manufacturers
        Wholesalers
        Other
        Unclassified

                                                       203
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

     Profile Characteristics - II

   Company size - # of employees
     Small (0-99 employees)
     Medium (100-499 employees)
     Large (500 or more employees)



                                        204
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
Profile Provides Data Users:

   Employment sizes, types of companies, &
    major foreign markets
   Countries and areas exported to most
   Export statistics for each state (OM State)
   Number of employees of identified
    exporting companies



                                                  205
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
The Profile can answer questions such as:

   Value exported by manufacturers in 2008
   Canada’s known export value that can be
    attributed to small companies
   Number of exporters from Maryland in
    2008 and value of their exports



                                              206
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
        2008 Known Export Value
                By Company Type
       Manufacturers
          61.9%




                                           Wholesalers
                                             21.6%




                       Others
                                Unclassified
                       16.0%
                                   0.5%



                                                         207
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
 2008 Number of Partner Countries
         Percent Export Value by Size
 80.0%
 70.0%
 60.0%
 50.0%                                                                       Large Companies
 40.0%
 30.0%                                                                       Small & Medium
 20.0%                                                                       Companies
 10.0%
  0.0%
         1




                                      10


                                                  25
                 2-

                             5-




                                                       50
         C


                   4

                               9


                                       -2


                                                   -4

                                                          +
             ou


                      Co

                               Co


                                          4


                                                      9

                                                            Co
               nt




                                              C


                                                       C
                         u

                                  u




                                                               un
                                              ou


                                                               ou
                 ry


                        nt

                                   nt




                                                                 tr
                           rie

                                      rie


                                                nt


                                                                  nt


                                                                   ie
                                                  r ie


                                                                    r ie
                               s

                                          s




                                                                      s
                                                                         s


                                                                         s




                                                                                               208
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
      2008 Export Concentration
   % of Known Export Value



                             70.0%
                                                                                    60.1%
                             60.0%
                                                                            50.6%
                             50.0%
                             40.0%                                  38.0%
                                                            29.5%
                             30.0%
                                                    18.6%
                             20.0%
                                            11.2%
                             10.0%   7.3%

                             0.0%
                                     Top Top Top Top Top Top Top
                                      4   8   20 50 100 250 500
                                                    Companies                               209
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
    2008 Export Value and Number of Exporters
                by Employee Sizes
   100%                                      3%
                                             6%

   80%


          69%
   60%


                                             91%   Employee Sizes:
   40%
                                                     Large (500 or More)
           9%                                        Medium (100-499)
   20%                                               Small (0-99)
          22%

    0%

            Known Export        Number of
               Value            Exporters
                ($1,148 bil.)    (288,747)
                                                                           210
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

How is our data valuable to data users?
Example:


The number of small and medium sized exporters(0-499
Employees) that are single location companies.




                                                       211
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008
Special requests for data:
Data users sometimes want specific data not in profile
Example:
Data user requested data on large exporting companies with
additional size category breakouts
Table 1a of the Profile categorizes large exporting companies
as 500+ employees




                                                                212
 Profile of U.S. Importers

Why? - To meet a growing demand for statistics
 on U.S. importers

When? - Scheduled to release with next Profile of
 U.S. Exporters

Produced by similar methods as Profile of U.S.
  Exporters
                                                    213
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008

            The EDB Team

 Jeffrey McHugh
 Ryan Coleman
 Andreana Able

 (301)763-3629
                                        214
Profile of U.S. Exporters 2007 – 2008




                                        215
U.S. Census Bureau
Foreign Trade Division

State and Sub-State Data Series

                              Andreana Able
                               June 23, 2010
                         U.S. Census Bureau
                       Background

•   Exports
      •   State Data
          •   Origin of Movement Data
          •   ZIP based Data
      •   Sub-State Data
          •   Metropolitan Data
•   Imports
      •   State Data
          •   State of Destination Data
•   Data Limitations



                                          217
               Export State Data

Origin of Movement (OM) State – Based on Origin
State
   • Available 1987 – Present


Origin of Movement (OM) – ZIP Code Based
   • Available on website starting with January 2006
     statistics




                                                       218
  Origin of Movement State Data

• Based on the state in which the goods begin their
  journey to the port of export

• Does not represent the production origin of U.S.
  export merchandise




                                                      219
     Origin of Movement State Data

Origin State examples:

   • Goods warehoused in GA  transported to a FL port
     to be shipped to a foreign country. OM state
     is……GA

   • Auto parts produced from many states are
     consolidated in TX to be exported to Mexico. OM
     state is…… TX



                                                         220
  Origin of Movement State Data

• Available in our monthly FT-900 Press Release,
  supplement, exhibit 2
   •   State value for Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing
       (NAICS)
   •   http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-
       Release/current_press_release/exh2s.pdf




                                                             221
  Origin of Movement State Data

• Downloadable Historical Data (1995-2010)
  •   http://www.census.gov/foreign-
      trade/statistics/state/origin_movement/index.html


• Top 25 Commodities and Countries
  •   http://www.census.gov/foreign-
      trade/statistics/state/data/al.html




                                                          222
                ZIP Based State

• The ZIP Code of the US Principle Party in Interest
  (USPPI)

• Does not necessarily represent the location of the
  USPPI

•   Effective October 2008, the USPPI should report the
    address from which the goods begin the journey to the port
    of export




                                                                 223
                 ZIP Based State

ZIP Code State examples:

   • Goods warehoused in GA  transported to a FL port
     to be shipped to a foreign country. ZIP state is ...GA

   • For shipments with multiple origins, report the
     address from which the commodity with the greatest
     value begins its journey.




                                                              224
                 ZIP Based State

 • Similar to Origin of Movement table in supplement,
   exhibit 2; is available on our website
    •   State value for Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing
        (NAICS)

 • Downloadable Historical Data (2006-2010)
    •   http://www.census.gov/foreign-
        trade/statistics/state/zip/index.html

For more information, please contact our Data Dissemination
                 Branch at 301-763-2227.


                                                              225
  Export State Data Comparisons
           OM State vs. ZIP Based State (2009)
                      (Millions of Dollars)

         State       State OM          ZIP OM             Pct Difference
Dist of Columbia           3,618.2            1,096.7               229.9%
Minnesota                24,110.7         15,506.3                  55.5%
South Dakota               1,567.3            1,011.8               54.9%
Missouri                 14,110.5             9,507.8               48.4%
Colorado                   8,112.9            5,780.0               40.4%
            .             .                   .                 .

Iowa                       6,040.9            9,040.7               -33.2%
West Virginia              3,163.7            4,822.1               -34.4%
Alaska                     1,737.0            3,255.0               -46.6%
Louisiana                17,433.7         32,714.8                  -46.7%
Wyoming                       276.9               926.1             -70.1%

                                                                             226
       Export State Data Comparisons

        OM State and ZIP State Percent Differences (2009)
230%
100%

            DC
 80%
                                       23 states are within
 60%                                   10% tolerance

 40%


 20%


 0%


-20%

       Quartile 1 = -12.0
-40%
       Quartile 3 = 9.8
       Median = -0.4                                    Wyoming
-60%


-80%


                                                                  227
                 Export State Data

Additional export state data:
   • Monthly OM & ZIP state data is available for
     download.
      •   State by 4-Digit NAICS Commodity by Country (Total,
          Air & Vessel)
      •   State by 6-Digit HS Commodity by Country (Total, Air &
          Vessel)


  For more information, please contact our Data Dissemination
                   Branch at 301-763-2227.



                                                                   228
               Export State Data

Other products …

   • Manufacturing and Construction Division (MCD) :
     Gives exports by state, NAICS and major economic
     sector. Available online at http://www.census.gov/mcd




                                                             229
               Sub-State Data

• Available for export data.

• Data historically based on Metropolitan Area (MA).

• Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) are defined by
  Office of Management & Budget (OMB) for metro and
  micro areas.

• New definitions for CBSA’s were announced by OMB
  on June 2003.


                                                        230
              Sub-State Data

• CBSAs based on ZIP code of US Principle Party in
  Interest (USPPI).

• CBSAs now cover areas of 10 to 50 thousand
  population, which were not covered by Metropolitan
  Areas.

• CBSA codes increase coverage to about 93% of the
  population vs. 80% with MAs.




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              Sub-State Data

• Per a contract arrangement, we produce Metropolitan
  data for ITA which they release.

• To date, we have provided 3-digit ZIP Code & CBSA
  Metro totals for 2005 - 2008 and 2009H1 Export data
  to ITA.




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                   Sub-State Data

Next Steps…

  • Prepare 2009 metropolitan tables for ITA.

  • The current contract calls for CBSA by 3-digit NAICS,
    CBSA by Destination, 3-digit NAICS by CBSA, and
    other tables of trade totals.

  • ITA currently posts data at following address:
     •   http://ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/metro/


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              Import State Data

• Based on the State of Destination
   •   State value for Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing
       (NAICS)

• Available as of January 2010 statistics
   • Historical tables available starting with January 2008
     data

• A new table added to our monthly FT-900 Press
  Release, supplement, exhibit 2as



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       State of Destination Data

• State where the merchandise is destined, as known at
  the time of entry summary filing.

• Import destination does not indicate where the goods
  are consumed or used.

• The state code should be derived from the standard
  postal two-letter state or territory abbreviation.




                                                         235
       State of Destination Data

• FT-900 Press Release
  •   http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-
      Release/current_press_release/exh2as.pdf

• Downloadable Historical Data (2008-2010)
  •   http://www.census.gov/foreign-
      trade/statistics/state/destination_state/index.html




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          State of Destination Data

Additional import state data:
   • Monthly data available for download
       • Import state data by 6-digit HS by Country (Total, Air &
         Vessel)
       • Import state data by 4-digit NAICS by Country (Total, Air
         & Vessel)



  For more information, please contact our Data Dissemination
                   Branch at 301-763-2227.



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             State Data Limitations

  • Data reported at the time goods enter or leave U.S.
      • State data do not track interstate flows of goods.


  • Census Bureau discourages the use of these state
    data to calculate state trade balances.

  • Import sub-state data will not be available.

Please visit our website for detailed data limitations information:
      http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/aip/elom.html


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     For more information:

  Andreana.Able@Census.gov
     Special Projects Branch
      Foreign Trade Division
         (301) 763-0153
www.census.gov/foreign-trade/www/



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