760 - 781 by wdo11402

VIEWS: 28 PAGES: 20

									488                                                     Prices

      Figure 15.1
      Annual Percent Change in Producer Price
      Indexes by Stage of Processing: 1970 to 1994
      Percent
 60

 50

 40

 30
                             Crude materials
 20
                                                             Finished consumer goods
 10

  0

–10

–20

–30
  1970               1974                1978               1982               1986       1990   1994

      Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 767.




      Figure 15.2
      Annual Percent Change in Consumer
      Price Indexes: 1970 to 1994
      Percent
 60

 50

 40
                                                              Fuel oil
 30

 20
                                                                           Medical care
 10

  0
                         All items
–10

–20

–30
  1970               1974                1978               1982               1986       1990   1994

      Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Bureau of the Census. For data, see table 761.
                                                                              Section 15
                                                                            Prices
This section presents indexes of producer
and consumer prices, actual prices for se-       In Brief
lected commodities, and energy prices.
                                                 Consumer price changes:
The primary sources of these data are
                                                 1993-94:
monthly publications of the Department of
Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS),           All items index up 2.6 percent
which include Monthly Labor Review, Con-           Medical care index up 4.8 percent
sumer Price Index, Detailed Report; Pro-           Fuel oil index down -1.8 percent
ducer Price Indexes; and U.S. Import and
Export Price Indexes. The Department of
Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis          basket” of goods and services purchased
is the source for gross domestic product       either by urban wage earners and clerical
measures.                                      workers or by all urban consumers.
Producer price index (PPI).—This               In 1919, BLS began to publish complete
index, dating from 1890, is the oldest con-    indexes at semiannual intervals, using a
tinuous statistical series published by BLS.   weighting structure based on data col-
It is designed to measure average              lected in the expenditure survey of wage-
changes in prices received by producers        earner and clerical-worker families in
of all commodities, at all stages of proces-   1917-19 (BLS Bulletin 357, 1924). The first
sing, produced in the United States.           major revision of the CPI occurred in 1940,
                                               with subsequent revisions in 1953, 1964,
The index has undergone several re-            1978, and 1987.
visions (see Monthly Labor Review, Febru-      Beginning with the release of data for Jan-
ary 1962, April 1978, and August 1988).        uary 1988 in February 1988, most Con-
It is now based on approximately 3,200         sumer Price Indexes shifted to a new ref-
commodity price series and 80,000 quota-       erence base year. All indexes previously
tions per month. Indexes for the net output    expressed on a base of 1967=100, or any
of manufacturing and mining industries         other base through December 1981, have
have been added in recent years. Prices        been rebased to 1982-84=100. Selection
used in constructing the index are col-        of the 1982-84 period was made to coin-
lected from sellers, and generally apply to    cide with the updated expenditure weights,
the first significant large volume commer-     which are based upon data tabulated from
cial transaction for each commodity—i.e.,      the Consumer Expenditure Surveys for
the manufacturer’s or other producer’s sel-    1982, 1983, and 1984.
ling price or the selling price on an orga-
nized exchange or at a central market.         BLS publishes CPI’s for two population
                                               groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers
The weights used in the index represent        (CPI-U) which covers approximately 80
the total net selling value of commodities     percent of the total population; and (2) a
produced or processed in this country. Val-    CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical
ues are f.o.b. (free-on-board) production      Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent
point and are exclusive of excise taxes.       of the total population. The CPI-U includes,
Effective with the release of data for Janu-   in addition to wage earners and clerical
ary 1988, many important producer price        workers, groups which historically have
indexes were changed to a new reference        been excluded from CPI coverage, such
base year, 1982=100, from 1967=100. The        as professional, managerial, and technical
reference year of the PPI shipment             workers, the self-employed, short-term
weights has been taken primarily from the      workers, the unemployed, and retirees and
1987 Census of Manufactures. For further       others not in the labor force.
detail regarding the PPI, see the BLS
Handbook of Methods, Bulletin 2414,            The current CPI is based on prices of
Chapter 16.                                    food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transporta-
                                               tion fares, charges for doctors’ and den-
Consumer price indexes (CPI).—The              tists’ services, drugs, etc., purchased for
CPI is a measure of the average change         day-to-day living. Prices are collected in
in prices over time in a fixed “market         85 areas across the country from over
 490                                     Prices

57,000 housing units and 19,000 estab-         The product universe for both the import
lishments. Area selection was based on         and export indexes includes raw materi-
the 1980 census. All taxes directly            als, agricultural products, semifinished
associated with the purchase and use of        manufactures, and finished manufac-
items are included in the index. Prices of     tures, including both capital and consum-
food, fuels, and a few other items are         er goods. Price data for these items are
obtained every month in all 85 locations.      collected primarily by mail questionnaire.
Prices of most other commodities and           In nearly all cases, the data are collected
services are collected monthly in the five     directly from the exporter or importer, al-
largest geographic areas and every other       though in a few cases, prices are ob-
month in other areas.                          tained from other sources.

In calculating the index, each item is         To the extent possible, the data gathered
assigned a weight to account for its rela-     refer to prices at the U.S. border for ex-
tive importance in consumers’ budgets.         ports and at either the foreign border or
Price changes for the various items in         the U.S. border for imports. For nearly all
each location are then averaged. Local         products, the prices refer to transactions
data are then combined to obtain a U.S.        completed during the first week of the
city average. Separate indexes are also        month. Survey respondents are asked
published for regions, area size-classes,      to indicate all discounts, allowances, and
cross-classifications of regions and size-     rebates applicable to the reported prices,
classes, and for 29 local areas, usually       so that the price used in the calculation
consisting of the Metropolitan Statistical     of the indexes is the actual price for
Area (MSA); see Appendix II. Area defini-      which the product was bought or sold.
tions are those established by the Office of
Management and Budget in 1983. Defini-         In addition to general indexes for U.S.
tions do not include revisions made since      exports and imports, indexes are also
1983. Area indexes do not measure differ-      published for detailed product categories
ences in the level of prices among cities;     of exports and imports. These categories
they only measure the average change in        are defined according to the five-digit lev-
prices for each area since the base period.    el of detail for the Bureau of Economic
For further detail regarding the CPI, see      Analysis End-use Classification, the
the BLS Handbook of Methods, Bulletin          three-digit level of detail for the Standard
2414, Chapter 19; the Consumer Price In-       International Trade Classification (SITC),
dex, and Report 736, the CPI: 1987 Revi-       and the four-digit level of detail for the
sion. In January 1983, the method of           Harmonized System. Aggregate import
measuring homeownership costs in the           indexes by country or region of origin are
CPI-U was changed to a rental equiva-          also available.
lence approach. This treatment calculates
homeowner costs of shelter based on the        Other price indexes.—The fixed-
implicit rent owners would pay to rent the     weighted price index is a weighted aver-
homes they own. The rental equivalence         age of the detailed price indexes used in
approach was introduced into the CPI-W in      the deflation of goods and services that
1985. The CPI-U was used to prepare the        make up the gross domestic product
consumer prices tables in this section.        (GDP). These price indexes are com-
                                               bined using weights that reflect the com-
                                               position of GDP in 1987. Because the
International price indexes—The BLS
                                               same weights are used for each period,
International Price Program produces
                                               changes in this index measure changes
export and import price indexes for non-       in prices over any period.
military goods traded between the United
States and the rest of the world. The ex-      Measures of inflation.—Inflation is de-
port price index provides a measure of         fined as a time of generally rising prices for
price change for all products sold by U.S.     goods and factors of production. The Bu-
residents to foreign buyers. The import        reau of Labor Statistics samples prices of
price index provides a measure of price        items in a representative market basket
change for goods purchased from other          and publishes the results as the CPI. The
countries by U.S. residents. The refer-        media invariably announce the inflation
ence period for the indexes is 1990=100,       rate as the percent change in the CPI from
unless otherwise indicated.                    month to month. A much more meaningful
                                                          Prices                                                        491

indicator of inflation is the percent change                      the change in cost of the labor factor of
from the same month of the prior year.                            production, and changes in long-term inter-
                                                                  est rates that are often used to measure
The Producer Price Index (PPI) measures
                                                                  changes in the cost of the capital factor
prices at the producer/manufacturing level
                                                                  of production.
only. The PPI shows the same general
pattern of inflation as does the CPI, but is
                                                                  Statistical reliability.—For a discussion of
more volatile. The PPI can be roughly
                                                                  statistical collection and estimation, sam-
viewed as a leading indicator. It often
                                                                  pling procedures, and measures of statisti-
tends to foreshadow trends that later occur
                                                                  cal reliability pertaining to the producer
in the CPI.
                                                                  price index and the CPI, see Appendix III.
Other measures of inflation include the in-
dex of industrial materials prices; the Dow                       Historical statistics.—Tabular headnotes
Jones Commodity Spot Price Index; Fu-                             provide cross-references, where applica-
tures Price Index, the Employment Cost                            ble, to Historical Statistics of the United
Index, the Hourly Compensation Index, or                          States, Colonial Times to 1970. See Ap-
the Unit Labor Cost Index as a measure of                         pendix IV.


                          No. 760. Purchasing Power of the Dollar: 1950 to 1994
[Indexes: PPI, 1982=$1.00; CPI, 1982–84=$1.00. Producer prices prior to 1961, and consumer prices prior to 1964, exclude Alas-
ka and Hawaii. Producer prices based on finished goods index. Obtained by dividing the average price index for the 1982=100,
PPI; 1982–84=100, CPI base periods (100.0) by the price index for a given period and expressing the result in dollars and cents.
Annual figures are based on average of monthly data]
               ANNUAL AVERAGE AS                          ANNUAL AVERAGE AS                          ANNUAL AVERAGE AS
                 MEASURED BY—                               MEASURED BY—                               MEASURED BY—
  YEAR         Producer      Consumer        YEAR         Producer      Consumer        YEAR         Producer      Consumer
                prices        prices                       prices        prices                       prices        prices
1950 . . . .     $3.546        $4.151      1965 . . . .       2.933        3.166      1980 . . . .       1.136         1.215
1951 . . . .      3.247         3.846      1966 . . . .       2.841        3.080      1981 . . . .       1.041         1.098
1952 . . . .      3.268         3.765      1967 . . . .       2.809        2.993      1982 . . . .       1.000         1.035
1953 . . . .      3.300         3.735      1968 . . . .       2.732        2.873      1983 . . . .       0.984         1.003
1954 . . . .      3.289         3.717      1969 . . . .       2.632        2.726      1984 . . . .       0.964         0.961
1955 . . . .      3.279         3.732      1970 . . . .       2.545        2.574      1985 . . . .       0.955         0.928
1956 . . . .      3.195         3.678      1971 . . . .       2.469        2.466      1986 . . . .       0.969         0.913
1957 . . . .      3.077         3.549      1972 . . . .       2.392        2.391      1987 . . . .       0.949         0.880
1958 . . . .      3.012         3.457      1973 . . . .       2.193        2.251      1988 . . . .       0.926         0.846
1959 . . . .      3.021         3.427      1974 . . . .       1.901        2.029      1989 . . . .       0.880         0.807
1960 . . . .      2.994         3.373      1975 . . . .       1.718        1.859      1990 . . . .       0.839         0.766
1961 . . . .      2.994         3.340      1976 . . . .       1.645        1.757      1991 . . . .       0.822         0.734
1962 . . . .      2.985         3.304      1977 . . . .       1.546        1.649      1992 . . . .       0.812         0.713
1963 . . . .      2.994         3.265      1978 . . . .       1.433        1.532      1993 . . . .       0.802         0.692
1964 . . . .      2.985         3.220      1979 . . . .       1.289        1.380      1994 . . . .       0.797         0.675
   Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Monthly data in U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business.
492                                                                               Prices

                   No. 761. Consumer Price Indexes (CPI-U), by Major Groups: 1960 to 1994
[1982-84=100. Represents annual averages of monthly figures. Reflects buying patterns of all urban consumers. Minus sign (-)
  indicates decrease. See text, section 15. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970, series E 135-173 for similar data]

                                                                                                                                       Tele-
                                             All                                Apparel Trans-     Med-    Fuel    Elec-      Utility phone    All
       YEAR                                         Energy    Food    Shelter     and              ical                      (piped)          com-
                                           items                                upkeep portation   care     oil    tricity     gas     serv- modities
                                                                                                                                       ices
1960   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    29.6      22.4     30.0     25.2      45.7      29.8    22.3    13.5    29.9       17.6    58.3     33.6
1961   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    29.9      22.5     30.4     25.4      46.1      30.1    22.9    14.0    29.9       17.9    58.5     33.8
1962   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    30.2      22.6     30.6     25.8      46.3      30.8    23.5    14.0    29.9       17.9    58.5     34.1
1963   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    30.6      22.6     31.1     26.1      46.9      30.9    24.1    14.3    29.9       17.9    58.6     34.4
1964   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    31.0      22.5     31.5     26.5      47.3      31.4    24.6    14.0    29.8       17.9    58.6     34.8
1965   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    31.5      22.9     32.2     27.0      47.8      31.9    25.2    14.3    29.7       18.0    57.7     35.2
1966   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    32.4      23.3     33.8     27.8      49.0      32.3    26.3    14.7    29.7       18.1    56.5     36.1
1967   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    33.4      23.8     34.1     28.8      51.0      33.3    28.2    15.1    29.9       18.1    57.3     36.8
1968   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    34.8      24.2     35.3     30.1      53.7      34.3    29.9    15.6    30.2       18.2    57.3     38.1
1969   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    36.7      24.8     37.1     32.6      56.8      35.7    31.9    15.9    30.8       18.6    58.0     39.9
1970   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    38.8      25.5     39.2     35.5      59.2      37.5    34.0    16.5    31.8       19.6    58.7     41.7
1971   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    40.5      26.5     40.4     37.0      61.1      39.5    36.1    17.6    33.9       21.0    61.6     43.2
1972   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    41.8      27.2     42.1     38.7      62.3      39.9    37.3    17.6    35.6       22.1    65.0     44.5
1973   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    44.4      29.4     48.2     40.5      64.6      41.2    38.8    20.4    37.4       23.1    66.7     47.8
1974   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    49.3      38.1     55.1     44.4      69.4      45.8    42.4    32.2    44.1       26.0    69.5     53.5
1975   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    53.8      42.1     59.8     48.8      72.5      50.1    47.5    34.9    50.0       31.1    71.7     58.2
1976   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    56.9      45.1     61.6     51.5      75.2      55.1    52.0    37.4    53.1       36.3    74.3     60.7
1977   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    60.6      49.4     65.5     54.9      78.6      59.0    57.0    42.4    56.6       43.2    75.2     64.2
1978   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    65.2      52.5     72.0     60.5      81.4      61.7    61.8    44.9    60.9       47.5    76.0     68.8
1979   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    72.6      65.7     79.9     68.9      84.9      70.5    67.5    63.1    65.6       55.1    75.8     76.6
1980   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    82.4      86.0     86.8     81.0      90.9      83.1    74.9    87.7    75.8       65.7    77.7     86.0
1981   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    90.9      97.7     93.6     90.5      95.3      93.2    82.9   107.3    87.2       74.9    84.6     93.2
1982   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    96.5      99.2     97.4     96.9      97.8      97.0    92.5   105.0    95.8       89.8    93.2     97.0
1983   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    99.6      99.9     99.4     99.1     100.2      99.3   100.6    96.5    98.9      104.7    99.2     99.8
1984   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   103.9     100.9    103.2    104.0     102.1     103.7   106.8    98.5   105.3      105.5   107.5    103.2
1985   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   107.6     101.6    105.6    109.8     105.0     106.4   113.5    94.6   108.9      104.8   111.7    105.4
1986   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   109.6      88.2    109.0    115.8     105.9     102.3   122.0    74.1   110.4       99.7   117.2    104.4
1987   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   113.6      88.6    113.5    121.3     110.6     105.4   130.1    75.8   110.0       95.1   116.5    107.7
1988   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   118.3      89.3    118.2    127.1     115.4     108.7   138.6    75.8   111.5       94.5   116.0    111.5
1989   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   124.0      94.3    125.1    132.8     118.6     114.1   149.3    80.3   114.7       97.1   117.2    116.7
1990   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   130.7     102.1    132.4    140.0     124.1     120.5   162.8    98.6   117.4       97.3   117.7    122.8
1991   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   136.2     102.5    136.3    146.3     128.7     123.8   177.0    92.4   121.8       98.5   119.7    126.6
1992   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   140.3     103.0    137.9    151.2     131.9     126.5   190.1    88.0   124.2      100.3   120.4    129.1
1993   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   144.5     104.2    140.9    155.7     133.7     130.4   201.4    87.2   126.7      106.5   121.2    131.5
1994   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   148.2     104.6    144.3    160.5     133.4     134.3   211.0    85.6   126.7      108.5   123.1    133.8

   PERCENT
   CHANGE 1
1960 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.7        2.3     1.0      2.0        1.6        -     3.7    -1.5      1.4       6.7     1.6      0.9
1961 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.0        0.4     1.3      0.8        0.9      1.0     2.7     3.7        -       1.7     0.3      0.6
1962 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.0        0.4     0.7      1.6        0.4      2.3     2.6       -        -         -       -      0.9
1963 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.3          -     1.6      1.2        1.3      0.3     2.6     2.1        -         -     0.2      0.9
1964 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.3       -0.4     1.3      1.5        0.9      1.6     2.1    -2.1     -0.3         -       -      1.2
1965 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.6        1.8     2.2      1.9        1.1      1.6     2.4     2.1     -0.3       0.6    -1.5      1.1
1966 . . . . . . .                 .   .     2.9        1.7     5.0      3.0        2.5      1.3     4.4     2.8        -       0.6    -2.1      2.6
1967 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.1        2.1     0.9      3.6        4.1      3.1     7.2     2.7      0.7         -     1.4      1.9
1968 . . . . . . .                 .   .     4.2        1.7     3.5      4.5        5.3      3.0     6.0     3.3      1.0       0.6       -      3.5
1969 . . . . . . .                 .   .     5.5        2.5     5.1      8.3        5.8      4.1     6.7     1.9      2.0       2.2     1.2      4.7
1970 . . . . . . .                 .   .     5.7        2.8     5.7      8.9        4.2      5.0     6.6     3.8      3.2       5.4     1.2      4.5
1971 . . . . . . .                 .   .     4.4        3.9     3.1      4.2        3.2      5.3     6.2     6.7      6.6       7.1     4.9      3.6
1972 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.2        2.6     4.2      4.6        2.0      1.0     3.3       -      5.0       5.2     5.5      3.0
1973 . . . . . . .                 .   .     6.2        8.1    14.5      4.7        3.7      3.3     4.0    15.9      5.1       4.5     2.6      7.4
1974 . . . . . . .                 .   .    11.0       29.6    14.3      9.6        7.4     11.2     9.3    57.8     17.9      12.6     4.2     11.9
1975 . . . . . . .                 .   .     9.1       10.5     8.5      9.9        4.5      9.4    12.0     8.4     13.4      19.6     3.2      8.8
1976 . . . . . . .                 .   .     5.8        7.1     3.0      5.5        3.7     10.0     9.5     7.2      6.2      16.7     3.6      4.3
1977 . . . . . . .                 .   .     6.5        9.5     6.3      6.6        4.5      7.1     9.6    13.4      6.6      19.0     1.2      5.8
1978 . . . . . . .                 .   .     7.6        6.3     9.9     10.2        3.6      4.6     8.4     5.9      7.6      10.0     1.1      7.2
1979 . . . . . . .                 .   .    11.3       25.1    11.0     13.9        4.3     14.3     9.2    40.5      7.7      16.0    -0.3     11.3
1980 . . . . . . .                 .   .    13.5       30.9     8.6     17.6        7.1     17.9    11.0    39.0     15.5      19.2     2.5     12.3
1981 . . . . . . .                 .   .    10.3       13.6     7.8     11.7        4.8     12.2    10.7    22.3     15.0      14.0     8.9      8.4
1982 . . . . . . .                 .   .     6.2        1.5     4.1      7.1        2.6      4.1    11.6    -2.1      9.9      19.9    10.2      4.1
1983 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.2        0.7     2.1      2.3        2.5      2.4     8.8    -8.1      3.2      16.6     6.4      2.9
1984 . . . . . . .                 .   .     4.3        1.0     3.8      4.9        1.9      4.4     6.2     2.1      6.5       0.8     8.4      3.4
1985 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.6        0.7     2.3      5.6        2.8      2.6     6.3    -4.0      3.4      -0.7     3.9      2.1
1986 . . . . . . .                 .   .     1.9      -13.2     3.2      5.5        0.9     -3.9     7.5   -21.7      1.4      -4.9     4.9     -0.9
1987 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.6        0.5     4.1      4.7        4.4      3.0     6.6     2.3     -0.4      -4.6    -0.6      3.2
1988 . . . . . . .                 .   .     4.1        0.8     4.1      4.8        4.3      3.1     6.5       -      1.4      -0.6    -0.4      3.5
1989 . . . . . . .                 .   .     4.8        5.6     5.8      4.5        2.8      5.0     7.7     5.9      2.9       2.8     1.0      4.7
1990 . . . . . . .                 .   .     5.4        8.3     5.8      5.4        4.6      5.6     9.0    22.8      2.4       0.2     0.4      5.2
1991 . . . . . . .                 .   .     4.2        0.4     2.9      4.5        3.7      2.7     8.7    -6.3      3.7       1.2     1.7      3.1
1992 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.0        0.5     1.2      3.3        2.5      2.2     7.4    -4.8      2.0       1.8     0.6      2.0
1993 . . . . . . .                 .   .     3.0        1.2     2.2      3.0        1.4      3.1     5.9    -0.9      2.0       6.2     0.7      1.9
1994 . . . . . . .                 .   .     2.6        0.4     2.4      3.1       -0.2      3.0     4.8    -1.8        -       1.9     1.6      1.7
                                               1
     - Represents zero.                            Change from immediate prior year.
     Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and Handbook of Labor Statistics, periodic.
                                                                             Consumer Price Indexes                                              493

   No. 762. Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Selected Items
                               and Groups: 1980 to 1994
                               [1982-84=100. Annual averages of monthly figures. See headnote, table 761]

                        ITEM                                                     1980    1985    1988    1989    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994
      All items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           82.4   107.6   118.3   124.0   130.7   136.2   140.3   144.5   148.2

Food and beverages . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .   .   .    86.7   105.6   118.2   124.9   132.1   136.8   138.7   141.6   144.9
 Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  .   .   .   .    86.8   105.6   118.2   125.1   132.4   136.3   137.9   140.9   144.3
  Food at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .   .   .    88.4   104.3   116.6   124.2   132.3   135.8   136.8   140.1   144.1
   Cereals and bakery products . . . .                           .   .   .   .    83.9   107.9   122.1   132.4   140.0   145.8   151.5   156.6   163.0
    Cereals and cereal products . . .                            .   .   .   .    84.2   107.2   122.5   133.8   141.1   147.5   153.3   157.9   164.8
     Cereals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .   .   .   .    76.3   111.3   132.9   147.9   158.6   168.1   175.4   183.3   134.8
     Rice, pasta, and cornmeal . . . .                           .   .   .   .    90.9   102.1   114.4   120.0   122.0   126.5   128.3   129.7   190.6
    Bakery products . . . . . . . . . . .                        .   .   .   .    83.8   108.2   121.8   131.5   139.2   144.7   150.4   155.7   139.7
     White bread . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .   .   .    85.9   105.8   118.6   129.4   136.4   139.3   146.2   152.2   161.9
     Cookies, cakes, and cupcakes .                              .   .   .   .    81.5   110.2   125.0   134.5   142.7   151.1   155.6   159.3   159.0
    Meats, poultry, fish and eggs . .                     .   .   .   .   .   .    92.0   100.1   114.3   121.3   130.0   132.6   130.9   135.5   137.2
     Meats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .    92.7    98.9   112.2   116.7   128.5   132.5   130.7   134.6   135.4
      Beef and veal . . . . . . . . . .                  .   .   .   .   .   .    98.4    98.2   112.1   119.3   128.8   132.4   132.3   137.1   136.0
       Ground beef excl. canned .                        .   .   .   .   .   .   104.6    95.9   103.4   108.6   118.1   119.9   118.9   121.7   119.7
       Chuck roast . . . . . . . . . .                   .   .   .   .   .   .    99.8    95.6   108.1   116.8   130.3   135.8   137.1   141.9   140.3
       Round steak . . . . . . . . . .                   .   .   .   .   .   .    98.9    97.0   110.6   116.6   125.1   129.5   129.9   134.4   133.0
       Sirloin steak . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .    96.2    99.7   120.0   126.0   130.6   133.5   132.4   138.5   137.5
      Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .    81.9    99.1   112.5   113.2   129.8   134.1   127.8   131.7   133.9
       Bacon . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .    73.5   101.3   100.9    95.8   113.4   119.8   104.6   110.8   118.1
       Chops . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .    82.9    98.7   118.8   122.7   140.2   141.7   138.9   144.6   144.2
       Ham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .    85.5    99.8   116.5   117.3   132.4   139.9   135.6   137.9   139.3
      Poultry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              .   .   .   .   .   .    93.7   106.2   120.7   132.7   132.5   131.5   131.4   136.9   141.5
       Fresh whole chicken . . . . .                     .   .   .   .   .   .    94.4   104.5   125.1   137.1   134.9   131.7   131.9   138.0   140.1
       Fresh, frozen chicken parts                       .   .   .   .   .   .    91.7   104.6   123.3   135.7   135.9   134.7   134.4   140.1   145.6
     Fish and seafood. . . . . . .               ......                  .   .    87.5   107.5   137.4   143.6   146.7   148.3   151.7   156.6   163.7
      Canned fish and seafood                     ......                  .   .    93.7    97.8   117.0   124.3   119.5   119.0   118.7   121.5   123.8
      Fresh and frozen fish and                   seafood                 .   .    84.1   112.9   144.2   155.2   161.4   163.8   168.7   174.5   183.6
     Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          ......                  .   .    88.6    91.0    93.6   118.5   124.1   121.2   108.3   117.1   114.3
    Dairy products . . . . . . . . .             ......                  .   .    90.9   103.2   108.4   115.6   126.5   125.1   128.5   129.4   131.7
   Fruits and vegetables. .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    82.1   108.4   128.1   138.0   149.0   155.8   155.4   159.0   165.0
    Fresh fruits . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    84.8   116.3   143.0   152.4   170.9   193.9   184.2   188.8   201.2
     Apples . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    92.1   113.1   134.2   140.5   147.5   172.8   179.5   169.0   174.0
     Bananas . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    91.5    99.9   119.2   131.3   138.2   145.0   139.9   135.5   143.6
     Oranges, tangerines .           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    72.6   119.7   144.6   147.0   160.6   249.4   176.2   190.1   189.9
    Fresh vegetables . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    79.0   103.5   129.3   143.1   151.1   154.4   157.9   168.7   172.3
     Potatoes . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    81.0   101.6   119.1   153.5   162.6   144.6   141.5   154.6   174.3
     Lettuce . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    77.8   106.1   148.6   151.5   150.3   159.8   155.7   178.2   170.3
     Tomatoes . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    81.9   103.6   123.1   136.2   160.8   153.1   171.8   168.0   173.5
    Processed fruits . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    82.1   109.5   122.0   125.9   136.9   131.8   137.7   132.3   133.1
    Processed vegetables             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    83.1   104.4   112.2   124.2   127.5   128.5   128.8   130.8   136.6
    Coffee . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   111.6   105.5   115.0   120.4   117.5   115.3   110.7   109.8   140.4
 Lunch away from home . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    83.8   107.8   121.5   127.6   133.9   138.4   141.3   144.0   146.4
 Dinner away from home. .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    84.2   108.8   121.6   126.9   132.3   136.3   138.9   141.3   143.8

 Alcoholic beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           .   .    86.4   106.4   118.6   123.5   129.3   142.8   147.3   149.6   151.5
  Alcoholic beverages at home . . . . . .                                .   .    87.3   105.2   114.2   117.9   123.0   137.8   141.6   142.2   142.5
   Beer and ale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          .   .    84.8   106.7   114.4   118.2   123.6   138.4   143.5   143.2   143.4
   Distilled spirits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .    89.8   105.3   116.1   119.9   125.7   139.2   141.5   143.2   144.3
   Wine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      .   .    89.5   100.2   107.8   110.9   114.4   129.9   132.6   134.0   133.3
  Alcoholic beverages away from home .                                   .   .    82.9   111.1   130.6   137.4   144.4   156.9   162.5   167.4   171.6
Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    81.1   107.7   118.5   123.0   128.5   133.6   137.5   141.2   144.8
 Shelter . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    81.0   109.8   127.1   132.8   140.0   146.3   151.2   155.7   160.5
  Renters’ cost . . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)   115.4   133.6   138.9   146.7   155.6   160.9   165.0   169.4
   Rent, residential . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    80.9   111.8   127.8   132.8   138.4   143.3   146.9   150.3   154.0
    Tenants’ insurance . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    78.9   109.4   124.9   128.3   130.6   133.2   136.5   140.8   145.8
  Homeowners’ costs . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)   113.1   131.1   137.3   144.6   150.2   155.3   160.2   165.5
   Owners’ equivalent rent           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)   113.2   131.1   137.4   144.8   150.4   155.5   160.5   165.8
   Household insurance . .           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)   112.4   129.0   132.6   135.3   138.4   142.2   146.9   152.3
  Maintenance and repair .           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    82.4   106.5   114.7   118.0   122.2   126.3   128.6   130.6   130.8
 Fuels and other utilities . . . .           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    75.4   106.5   104.4   107.8   111.6   115.3   117.8   121.3   122.8
  Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    74.8   104.5    98.0   100.9   104.5   106.7   108.1   111.2   111.7
   Fuel oil and other . . . . . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    86.1    95.9    78.1    81.7    99.3    94.6    90.7    90.3    88.8
    Fuel oil . . . . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    87.7    94.6    75.8    80.3    98.6    92.4    88.0    87.2    85.6
   Gas (piped) and electricity               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    71.4   107.1   104.6   107.5   109.3   112.6   114.8   118.5   119.2
    Electricity . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    75.8   108.9   111.5   114.7   117.4   121.8   124.2   126.7   126.7
    Utility (piped) gas. . . . . .           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    65.7   104.8    94.5    97.1    97.3    98.5   100.3   106.5   108.5
   Telephone services . . . . . . . . . . .                      .   .   .   .    77.7   111.7   116.0   117.2   117.7   119.7   120.4   121.2   123.1
    Local charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    .   .   .   .    72.8   120.4   141.3   146.5   149.3   153.9   155.7   156.4   156.9
    Interstate toll charges. . . . . . . . .                     .   .   .   .    83.3    94.9    72.3    70.0    68.2    67.6    68.0    69.6    75.2
    Intrastate toll charges. . . . . . . . .                     .   .   .   .    85.2   106.8   101.5    97.0    95.1    93.1    91.4    90.7    90.2
   Water and sewerage maintenance .                              .   .   .   .    74.0   113.4   132.7   140.8   150.2   161.1   172.1   181.4   190.6
   Cable television . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    .   .   .   .    (NA)   110.6   132.9   144.0   158.4   175.7   186.2   198.9   197.4
   Refuse collection . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .   .   .   .    (NA)   109.9   142.5   155.6   171.2   189.2   207.3   220.5   231.4
     See footnotes at end of table.
494                                                                                           Prices

   No. 762. Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Selected Items
                         and Groups: 1980 to 1994—Continued
                               [1982-84=100. Annual averages of monthly figures. See headnote, table 761]

                        ITEM                                                        1980    1985    1988    1989    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994
   Household furnishings and operations .                                       .    86.3   103.8   109.4   111.2   113.3   116.0   118.0   119.3   121.0
     Housefurnishings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                               .    88.5   101.7   105.1   105.5   106.7   107.5   109.0   109.5   111.0
       Furniture and bedding . . . . . . . . .                                  .    88.0   104.9   113.2   113.9   115.7   116.6   120.6   123.5   128.2
         Bedroom furniture . . . . . . . . . .                                  .    83.5   107.4   117.7   117.6   118.5   120.1   126.8   132.5   135.1
         Sofas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .    (NA)   103.0   114.3   117.0   118.4   118.3   119.4   120.1   125.2
         Living room chairs and tables . .                                      .    (NA)   103.2   111.0   112.5   116.7   118.4   121.9   125.0   132.7
       Appliances and electronic equip. . .                                     .    93.5    95.2    90.2    89.1    87.8    86.0    84.6    83.4    82.3
         Video and audio equipment . . .                                        .   100.7    91.9    83.6    82.2    80.8    79.4    78.4    77.1    76.0
            Television . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .   104.6    88.7    77.6    76.1    74.6    72.9    72.4    70.7    69.9
            Video products other than TV                                        .    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    96.8    91.5    84.6    81.0    78.5    73.8
            Audio products . . . . . . . . . .                                  .    97.7    94.4    92.7    92.8    93.2    94.6    94.4    93.9    93.8
     Housekeeping supplies . . . . . . . . . .                                  .    83.2   106.2   114.7   120.9   125.2   128.9   129.6   130.7   132.3
     Housekeeping services . . . . . . . . . .                                  .    84.3   106.1   114.3   117.3   120.1   127.5   132.1   135.8   138.5
       Postage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .    76.2   108.8   121.4   125.1   125.1   143.6   145.3   145.3   145.3

Apparel and upkeep . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .   .    90.9   105.0   115.4   118.6   124.1   128.7   131.9   133.7   133.4
  Apparel commodities . . . . . . . . . . . .                               .   .    92.9   104.0   113.7   116.7   122.0   126.4   129.4   131.0   130.4
    Apparel commodities less footwear .                                     .   .    93.0   104.3   114.4   117.1   122.8   127.4   130.2   131.9   131.2
       Men’s and boy’s apparel . . . . . .                                  .   .    89.4   105.0   113.4   117.0   120.4   124.2   126.5   127.5   126.4
       Women’s and girl’s apparel . . . .                                   .   .    96.0   104.9   114.9   116.4   122.6   127.6   130.4   132.6   130.9
       Infants’ and toddlers’. . . . . . . . .                              .   .    85.5   107.2   116.4   119.1   125.8   128.9   129.3   127.1   128.1
  Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          .   .    91.8   102.3   109.9   114.4   117.4   120.9   125.0   125.9   126.0
Transportation . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    83.1   106.4   108.7   114.1   120.5   123.8   126.5   130.4   134.3
  Private transportation.       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    84.2   106.2   107.6   112.9   118.8   121.9   124.6   127.5   131.4
     New vehicles . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    88.5   106.1   116.5   119.2   121.4   126.0   129.2   132.7   137.6
       New cars . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    88.4   106.1   116.9   119.2   121.0   125.3   128.4   131.5   136.0
       New trucks . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)   105.5   113.5   117.0   121.6   127.0   130.9   135.7   141.7
    Used cars . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    62.3   113.7   118.0   120.4   117.6   118.1   123.2   133.9   141.7
      Motor fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          .   .    97.4    98.7    80.9    88.5   101.2    99.4    99.0    98.0    98.5
      Automobile maintenance and repair                                     .   .    81.5   106.8   119.7   124.9   130.1   136.0   141.3   145.9   150.2
      Automobile insurance . . . . . . . . . .                              .   .    82.0   119.2   156.6   166.6   177.9   191.5   205.5   216.7   224.8
      Automobile finance charges. . . . . .                                  .   .    86.4    94.5    91.3   100.5    99.6    98.0    86.1    78.6    83.8
      Vehicle rental, registration, other . .                               .   .    78.3   111.7   128.1   135.0   148.1   154.8   162.3   169.8   174.2

   Public transportation . . . . . . .                  .   .   .   .   .   .   .    69.0   110.5   123.3   129.5   142.6   148.9   151.4   167.0   172.0
     Airline fares . . . . . . . . . . .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .    68.0   112.5   124.2   131.6   148.4   155.2   155.2   178.7   185.5
     Other intercity transportation                     .   .   .   .   .   .   .    73.1   114.7   132.6   138.5   143.3   149.0   152.5   150.9   152.8
     Intracity transportation . . . .                   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    69.7   107.7   121.7   125.2   133.5   138.9   146.9   150.7   152.7
Medical care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          .   .    74.9   113.5   138.6   149.3   162.8   177.0   190.1   201.4   211.0
  Medical care commodities . . . . . . . .                                  .   .    75.4   115.2   139.9   150.8   163.4   176.8   188.1   195.0   200.7
    Prescription drugs . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .   .    72.5   120.1   152.0   165.2   181.7   199.7   214.7   223.0   230.6
    Nonprescription drugs, medical sup.                                     .   .    (NA)    (NA)   108.1   114.6   120.6   126.3   131.2   135.5   138.1
  Medical care services . . . . . . . . . . .                               .   .    74.8   113.2   138.3   148.9   162.7   177.1   190.5   202.9   213.4
    Professional medical services . . . .                                   .   .    77.9   113.5   137.5   146.4   156.1   165.7   175.8   184.7   192.5
       Physicians’ services . . . . . . . . .                               .   .    76.5   113.3   139.8   150.1   160.8   170.5   181.2   191.3   199.8
       Dental services . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .   .    78.9   114.2   137.5   146.1   155.8   167.4   178.7   188.1   197.1
       Eye care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            .   .    (NA)    (NA)   108.7   112.4   117.3   121.9   127.0   130.4   133.0
    Hospital and related services . . . . .                                 .   .    69.2   116.1   143.9   160.5   178.0   196.1   214.0   231.9   245.6
       Hospital rooms . . . . . . . . . . . .                               .   .    68.0   115.4   143.3   158.1   175.4   191.9   208.7   226.4   239.2
Entertainment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             .    83.6   107.9   120.3   126.5   132.4   138.4   142.3   145.8   150.1
  Entertainment commodities . . . . . . . . .                                   .    84.5   105.8   115.0   119.8   124.0   128.6   131.3   133.4   136.1
     Reading materials . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .    77.7   110.7   124.3   129.5   136.2   144.7   150.9   156.2   161.3
        Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .    79.4   109.3   123.7   129.2   134.6   146.5   154.8   161.1   168.2
        Magazines, periodicals, and books                                       .    75.9   112.1   125.0   130.0   137.9   143.3   147.4   151.8   155.1
     Sporting goods, equipment . . . . . . .                                    .    88.5   104.6   108.1   111.1   114.9   118.5   120.2   120.1   122.2
        Sport vehicles, including bicycles .                                    .    87.9   106.3   108.9   112.3   115.3   117.5   119.7   120.6   122.3
     Toys, hobbies; other entertainment . .                                     .    86.5   103.3   113.2   118.5   121.5   123.9   124.7   126.0   127.4
        Pet supplies and expenses . . . . .                                     .    83.3   106.4   114.5   120.7   124.6   129.1   128.1   128.8   130.9
  Entertainment services. . . . . . . . . . . .                                 .    82.3   110.9   127.7   135.4   143.2   150.6   155.9   160.8   166.8
     Club membership . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                  .    (NA)    (NA)   107.2   112.6   117.0   122.5   125.2   128.4   130.7
     Admissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .    83.8   112.8   131.1   141.4   151.2   159.3   164.5   167.3   175.2
Tobacco and smoking products . . . . . .                                .   .   .    72.0   116.7   145.8   164.4   181.5   202.7   219.8   228.4   220.0
Personal care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .    81.9   108.3   119.4   125.0   130.4   134.9   138.3   141.5   144.6
  Personal care services. . . . . . . . . .                             .   .   .    83.7   108.9   120.7   126.8   132.8   137.0   140.0   144.0   147.9
    Beauty parlor services for women .                                  .   .   .    83.4   108.8   120.3   126.5   133.0   137.2   139.8   143.6   147.7
    Haircuts, etc. for men . . . . . . . . .                            .   .   .    84.4   109.0   121.7   127.3   131.5   135.9   140.3   144.6   147.9
Personal and educational expenses. . .                                  .   .   .    70.9   119.1   147.9   158.1   170.2   183.7   197.4   210.7   223.2
  School books and supplies . . . . . . .                               .   .   .    71.4   118.2   148.1   158.0   171.3   180.3   190.3   197.6   205.5
  Personal and educational services . .                                 .   .   .    70.8   119.2   148.0   158.3   170.4   184.2   198.1   211.9   224.8
  Tuition and other school fees . . . . .                               .   .   .    71.2   119.7   151.0   162.7   175.7   191.4   208.5   225.3   239.8
    College tuition . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .    70.8   119.9   150.0   161.9   175.0   192.8   213.5   233.5   249.8
    Elementary and high school tuition                                  .   .   .    72.3   119.0   154.6   168.0   182.8   198.0   213.7   228.9   242.6
        Day care and nursery school . .                                 .   .   .    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)   103.2   108.3   113.6   119.6

All commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                86.0   105.4   111.5   116.7   122.8   126.6   129.1   131.5   133.8
All commodities less food . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    85.7   105.2   107.7   112.0   117.4   121.3   124.2   126.3   127.9
Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             86.0   101.6    89.3    94.3   102.1   102.5   103.0   104.2   104.6
     NA Not available.
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and CPI Detailed Report, January issues.
                                                               No. 763. Consumer Price Indexes (CPI-U)—Selected Areas: 1980 to 1994
[1982-84=100, except as indicated. Represents annual averages of monthly figures. Local area CPI indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national
index and is therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long- term trends are simi-
lar. Area definitions are those established by the Office of Management and Budget in 1983. For further detail see the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Handbook of Methods, Bulletin 2285, Chapter 19, the Consumer
Price Index, and Report 736, the CPI: 1987 Revision. See also text, section 15]

                                                                                                                                                                  1994
                                                                                                                               Food                               Ap-       Trans-     Med-       Enter-      Fuel
                        AREA                                 1980     1985     1990     1991     1992     1993         All      and                   Hous-      parel                                         and
                                                                                                                     items     bever-      Food        ing       and        porta-     ical        tain-      other
                                                                                                                                ages                            upkeep       tion      care       ment       utilities
   U.S. city average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .     82.4    107.6    130.7    136.2    140.3    144.5      148.2       144.9      144.3      141.8      133.4      134.3      211.0      150.1       122.8
Anchorage, AK MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .     85.5    105.8    118.6    124.0    128.2    132.2      135.0       131.9      130.5      122.9      128.9      136.9      197.8      166.6       142.1
Atlanta, GA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .     80.3    108.9    131.7    135.9    138.5    143.4      146.7       141.1      142.9      140.1      167.3      123.8      227.0      172.3       132.2
Baltimore, MD MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .     83.7    108.2    130.8    136.4    140.1    143.1      146.9       149.7      150.3      138.4      135.3      132.8      218.1      154.7       113.1
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA . . .                  .     82.6    109.4    138.9    145.0    148.6    152.9      154.9       150.0      149.8      147.9      146.8      135.0      251.1      163.9       119.9
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY CMSA . . . . . . . .           .     83.5    108.6    127.7    133.4    137.9    142.7      146.8       143.1      143.0      155.9      118.7      120.9      174.5      177.7       127.0




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Consumer Price Indexes
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA.                 .     82.2    107.7    131.7    137.0    141.1    145.4      148.6       147.0      145.8      144.8      131.0      130.3      213.2      160.0       110.7
Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA . . . . .             .     82.1    106.6    126.5    131.4    134.1    137.8      142.4       135.6      134.5      135.2      140.5      129.4      213.8      147.1       117.5
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA . . . . . .              .     78.9    107.8    129.0    134.2    136.8    140.3      144.4       144.4      144.8      142.4      128.8      128.6      195.8      149.4       121.8
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA. . . . . . . . . . .          .     81.5    108.2    125.1    130.8    133.9    137.3      141.2       142.2      140.3      129.0      148.2      134.5      205.6      147.1       126.3
Denver-Boulder, CO CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . .          .     78.4    107.1    120.9    125.6    130.3    135.8      141.8       134.4      135.5      131.1       96.8      148.4      230.3      145.6       121.3
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA . . . . . . . . . . .         .     85.3    106.8    128.6    133.1    135.9    139.6      144.0       138.7      137.8      137.6      136.1      138.6      199.7      145.7       116.8
Honolulu, HI MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .     83.0    106.8    138.1    148.0    155.1    160.1      164.5       153.4      153.2      171.6      118.7      156.4      206.0      142.3       121.3
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA. . . .               .     82.7    104.9    120.6    125.1    127.1    133.4      137.9       137.5      136.8      120.4      146.7      132.9      204.6      157.4       107.6
Kansas City, MO-KS CMSA . . . . . . . . . . .            .     83.6    107.7    126.0    131.2    134.3    138.1      141.3       140.2      140.1      133.1      123.3      128.1      202.9      160.5       125.7
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA CMSA . .                     83.7    108.4    135.9    141.4    146.5    150.3      152.3       148.5      146.7      151.0      129.6      140.5      215.2      137.2       143.1
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . . . . . .                 81.1    106.5    128.0    132.3    134.5    139.1      143.6       152.7      152.7      135.2      143.5      135.3      188.1      134.4       111.9
Milwaukee, WI PMSA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            81.4    107.0    126.2    132.2    137.1    142.1      147.0       141.5      142.2      148.0      122.5      134.2      201.7      130.2       106.3
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA . . . . . . . .                78.9    107.0    127.0    130.4    135.0    139.2      143.6       149.1      147.0      129.6      148.1      134.2      205.4      151.8       112.5
New Orleans, LA MSA 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            (NA)     (NA)    111.5    116.0    120.2    124.7      129.0       123.6      124.8      115.9      185.5      120.7      169.1      134.8       127.7
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island,
 NY-NJ-CT CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           82.1    108.7    138.5    144.8    150.0    154.5      158.2       151.9      151.6      159.9      126.2      141.8      217.6      154.0        112.4
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-
 MD CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         83.6    108.8    135.8    142.2    146.6    150.2      154.6       142.7      141.3      155.1      105.8      144.0      223.9      160.3       120.5
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA CMSA . . . . . . .                81.0    106.9    126.2    131.3    136.0    139.9      144.6       140.6      139.2      145.2      133.2      122.3      207.0      153.6       136.1
Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA CMSA . . . . . . .                   87.2    106.7    127.4    133.9    139.8    144.7      148.9       135.9      135.2      149.5      123.7      138.6      192.8      157.7       124.3
San Diego, CA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            79.4    110.4    138.4    143.4    147.4    150.6      154.5       147.6      146.8      153.4      141.7      141.8      217.8      157.8       114.7
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA .                      80.4    108.4    132.1    137.9    142.5    146.3      148.7       148.9      149.0      151.5      115.5      125.7      204.3      164.5       142.8
Seattle-Tacoma, WA CMSA. . . . . . . . . . . . .               82.7    105.6    126.8    134.1    139.0    142.9      147.8       146.9      146.7      147.9      120.9      135.0      199.8      146.7       112.7
St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL CMSA . . . . .                 82.5    107.1    128.1    132.1    134.7    137.5      141.3       144.0      143.0      136.7      125.1      129.2      201.7      142.6       119.8
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA 1 .                    (NA)     (NA)    111.7    116.4    119.2    124.0      126.5       121.9      121.4      121.4      143.6      118.8      172.8      109.9       115.9
Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA . . . . . . . . . . .                 82.9    109.0    135.6    141.2    144.7    149.3      152.2       144.2      143.7      150.9      141.5      137.0      203.5      155.9       123.5
                             1
     NA Not available.           1987=100.
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and CPI Detailed Report, January issues.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          495
496                                                                                   Prices

            No. 764. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), by Region:
                                          1980 to 1994
                                                          [1982-84=100. For composition of regions, see table 27]

                 ITEM                                    1980     1984    1985       1986    1987       1988     1989     1990     1991    1992        1993    1994
U.S. city average, all items . .                   .      82.4    103.9   107.6      109.6     113.6    118.3    124.0    130.7    136.2      140.3    144.5   148.2
  Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      86.8    103.2   105.6      109.0     113.5    118.2    125.1    132.4    136.3      137.9    140.9   144.3
  Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .      81.1    103.6   107.7      110.9     114.2    118.5    123.0    128.5    133.6      137.5    141.2   144.8
  Gas (piped) and electricity.                     .      71.4    105.4   107.1      105.7     103.8    104.6    107.5    109.3    112.6      114.8    118.5   119.2

Northeast:
  All items. . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      82.2    104.5   108.4      111.1     116.0    121.8    128.6    136.3    142.5      147.3    151.4   155.1
  Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      86.5    103.3   106.2      110.1     115.8    121.1    128.7    135.9    139.8      141.9    145.1   148.4
  Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .      80.7    104.6   109.0      112.7     117.3    124.0    130.8    138.0    144.4      149.0    152.6   156.4
  Gas (piped) and electricity.                     .      73.8    104.7   105.9      104.6     101.2    100.2    105.4    109.6    113.4      117.2    121.4   125.1

North Central:
  All items. . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      82.4    103.6   106.8      108.0     111.9    116.1    121.5    127.4    132.4      136.1    140.0   144.0
  Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      88.5    102.7   104.4      107.5     111.8    116.0    122.2    129.6    133.5      135.0    137.8   140.9
  Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .      80.0    103.5   107.0      109.4     112.4    115.9    119.9    124.1    128.5      132.1    135.8   139.2
  Gas (piped) and electricity.                     .      70.1    106.1   108.6      107.1     104.6    104.3    105.5    104.0    105.6      107.6    111.6   109.6
South:
  All items. . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      81.9    103.8   107.1      108.9     112.4    116.4    121.5    127.9    132.9      136.5    140.8   144.7
  Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .      86.6    103.6   105.7      108.8     113.1    117.6    124.2    131.6    135.0      136.1    138.6   142.4
  Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .      80.8    103.0   106.3      109.0     111.0    113.9    117.2    121.8    125.6      128.8    132.8   136.4
  Gas (piped) and electricity.                     .      70.2    105.0   106.0      105.1     104.3    106.1    108.2    110.4    112.9      114.9    118.3   118.3
West:
 All items. . . . . . . . . . . . .                .      83.3    103.6   108.0      110.5     114.3    119.0    124.6    131.5    137.3      142.0    146.0   149.6
 Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .      85.2    103.6   106.1      109.0     112.9    117.6    124.9    132.0    136.4      138.5    141.9   145.3
 Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 .      83.3    103.3   108.8      113.0     116.5    120.7    124.8    130.9    136.9      141.2    144.6   148.0
 Gas (piped) and electricity.                      .      72.1    105.6   108.1      105.8     105.5    108.8    112.9    115.8    122.9      123.6    126.6   129.1
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Monthly Labor Review and CPI Detailed Report, January issues.


         No. 765. Annual Percent Changes in Consumer Prices, United States and OECD
                                   Countries: 1975 to 1992
      [Covers member countries of Organization for Economic Cooperation (OECD). For consumer price indexes for OECD
                                                  countries, see section 30]

          COUNTRY                                 1975 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991                                             1992
United States . . . . . . . .                      9.1     13.5    10.3        6.1    3.2      4.3      3.5      1.9     3.7     4.1    4.8      5.4     4.2     3.0

OECD . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   11.7 13.5        10.8        8.0    5.6     5.6       4.9      3.0     3.6    4.3     5.4      5.8     5.2     4.0
Australia . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   15.1   9.8       10.1       11.2   10.1     3.9       6.7      9.1     8.5    7.3     7.5      7.3     3.2     1.0
Canada . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   10.7 10.2        12.4       10.8    5.8     4.3       4.0      4.2     4.4    4.0     5.0      4.8     5.6     1.5
Japan . . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   11.8   7.8        4.9        2.7    1.9     2.2       2.0      0.6     0.1    0.7     2.3      3.1     3.3     1.7
New Zealand . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   14.7 17.2        15.4       16.2    7.3     6.2      15.4     13.2    15.8    6.4     5.7      6.1     2.6     1.0
Austria . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .    8.4   6.3        6.8        5.4    3.3     5.7       3.2      1.7     1.4    1.9     2.6      3.3     3.3     4.0
Belgium . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   12.8   6.7        7.1        8.7    7.7     6.3       4.9      1.3     1.6    1.2     3.1      3.4     3.2     2.4
Denmark. . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .    9.6 12.3        11.7       10.1    6.9     6.3       4.7      3.6     4.0    4.6     4.8      2.7     2.4     2.1
Finland . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   17.9 11.6        12.0        9.6    8.3     7.1       5.9      2.9     4.1    5.1     6.6      6.1     4.3     2.9
France . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   11.8 13.6        13.4       11.8    9.6     7.4       5.8      2.7     3.1    2.7     3.6      3.4     3.2     2.4
Greece . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   13.6 24.7        24.5       21.0   20.2    18.5      19.3     23.0    16.4   13.5    13.7     20.4    19.5    15.9
Ireland . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   20.9 18.3        20.4       17.1   10.5     8.6       5.5      3.8     3.1    2.1     4.1      3.3     3.2     3.1
Italy 1 . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   .   17.2 21.1        18.7       16.3   15.0    10.6       8.6      6.1     4.6    5.0     6.6      6.1     6.5     5.3
Luxembourg . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   10.7   6.3        8.1        9.4    8.7     5.6       4.1      0.3    -0.1    1.4     3.4      3.7     3.1     3.2
Netherlands . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   10.2   6.5        6.7        5.9    2.7     3.3       2.3      0.1    -0.7    0.7     1.1      2.5     3.9     3.7
Norway. . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   11.7 10.9        13.7       11.3    8.4     6.3       5.7      7.2     8.7    6.7     4.6      4.1     3.4     2.3
Portugal 2 . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   20.4 16.6        20.0       22.4   25.5    28.8      19.6     11.8     9.4    9.7    12.6     13.4    11.4     8.9
Spain . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   17.0 15.6        14.5       14.4   12.2    11.3       8.8      8.8     5.2    4.8     6.8      6.7     5.9     5.9
Sweden . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .    9.8 13.7        12.1        8.6    8.9     8.0       7.4      4.2     4.2    5.8     6.4     10.5     9.3     2.3
Switzerland . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .    6.7   4.0        6.5        5.6    3.0     2.9       3.4      0.8     1.4    1.9     3.2      5.4     5.8     4.0
Turkey 2 . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   19.5 110.2       36.6       29.7   31.4    48.4      45.0     34.6    38.9   75.4    63.3     60.3    66.0    70.1
United Kingdom .          .   .   .   .   .   .   24.2 18.0        11.9        8.6    4.6     5.0       6.1      3.4     4.1    4.9     7.8      9.5     5.9     3.7
Germany . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .    5.9   5.5        6.3        5.3    3.3     2.4       2.2     -0.1     0.2    1.3     2.8      2.7     3.5     4.0
     1                                                                    2
         Households of wage and salary earners.                               Excludes rent.
     Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, Main Economic Indicators, monthly.
500                                                                                    Prices

                         No. 767. Producer Price Indexes, by Stage of Processing: 1960 to 1994
         [1982=100. Minus sign (-) indicates decline. See text, section 15. See Historical Statistics, Colonial Times to 1970,
                                                   series E 73-86 for similar data]

                                                                                                           FINISHED          CONSUMER
                                                                  CRUDE MATERIALS              Inter-       GOODS              FOODS          Finished
                                                                                             mediate
                                                                                      Crude materials,                                          con-
                                                                   Food-             nonfood supplies,                                         sumer
                 YEAR                                              stuffs                                 Con-    Capital
                                                                                      mate-     and                                  Proc-     goods
                                                         Total      and     Fuel                         sumer    equip-    Crude               excl.
                                                                   feed-               rials   com-      goods     ment              essed
                                                                                      except                                                    food
                                                                   stuffs                    ponents
                                                                                       fuel
1960 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     30.4      38.4    10.5       26.9      30.8     35.5      30.2     35.2     28.4       33.5
1961 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     30.2      37.9    10.5       27.2      30.6     35.4      30.3     35.3     28.4       33.4
1962 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     30.5      38.6    10.4       27.1      30.6     35.7      30.5     35.6     28.4       33.4
1963 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     29.9      37.5    10.5       26.7      30.7     35.3      30.6     35.2     28.5       33.4
1964 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     29.6      36.6    10.5       27.2      30.8     35.4      31.0     35.2     28.4       33.3
1965 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     31.1      39.2    10.6       27.7      31.2     36.8      31.5     36.8     28.8       33.6
1966 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     33.1      42.7    10.9       28.3      32.0     39.2      32.5     39.2     29.3       34.1
1967 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     31.3      40.3    11.3       26.5      32.2     38.5      33.8     38.8     30.0       34.7
1968 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     31.8      40.9    11.5       27.1      33.0     40.0      35.0     40.0     30.6       35.5
1969 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     33.9      44.1    12.0       28.4      34.1     42.4      36.2     42.3     31.5       36.3
1970 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     35.2      45.2    13.8       29.1      35.4     43.8      38.1     43.9     32.5       37.4
1971 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     36.0      46.1    15.7       29.4      36.8     44.5      39.6     44.7     33.5       38.7
1972 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     39.9      51.5    16.8       32.3      38.2     41.5      42.8     48.0     47.2       39.4
1973 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     54.5      72.6    18.6       42.9      42.4     46.0      44.2     63.6     55.8       41.2
1974 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     61.4      76.4    24.8       54.5      52.5     53.1      50.5     71.6     63.9       48.2
1975 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     61.6      77.4    30.6       50.0      58.0     58.2      58.2     71.7     70.3       53.2
1976 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     63.4      76.8    34.5       54.9      60.9     60.4      62.1     76.7     69.0       56.5
1977 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     65.5      77.5    42.0       56.3      64.9     64.3      66.1     79.5     72.7       60.6
1978 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     73.4      87.3    48.2       61.9      69.5     69.4      71.3     85.8     79.4       64.9
1979 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     85.9     100.0    57.3       75.5      78.4     77.5      77.5     92.3     86.8       73.5
1980 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     95.3     104.6    69.4       91.8      90.3     88.6      85.8     93.9     92.3       87.1
1981 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    103.0     103.9    84.8      109.8      98.6     96.6      94.6    104.4     97.2       96.1
1982 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    100.0     100.0   100.0      100.0     100.0    100.0     100.0    100.0    100.0      100.0
1983 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    101.3     101.8   105.1       98.8     100.6    101.3     102.8    102.4    100.9      101.2
1984 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    103.5     104.7   105.1      101.0     103.1    103.3     105.2    111.4    104.9      102.2
1985 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     95.8      94.8   102.7       94.3     102.7    103.8     107.5    102.9    104.8      103.3
1986 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     87.7      93.2    92.2       76.0      99.1    101.4     109.7    105.6    107.4       98.5
1987 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     93.7      96.2    84.1       88.5     101.5    103.6     111.7    107.1    109.6      100.7
1988 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     96.0     106.1    82.1       85.9     107.1    106.2     114.3    109.8    112.7      103.1
1989 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    103.1     111.2    85.3       95.8     112.0    112.1     118.0    119.6    118.6      108.9
1990 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    108.9     113.1    84.8      107.3     114.5    118.2     122.9    123.0    124.4      115.3
1991 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    101.2     105.5    82.9       97.5     114.4    120.5     126.7    119.3    124.4      118.7
1992 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    100.4     105.1    84.0       94.2     114.7    121.7     129.1    107.6    124.4      120.8
1993 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    102.4     108.4    87.1       94.1     116.2    123.0     131.4    114.4    126.5      121.7
1994 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    101.7     106.5    82.5       96.9     118.5    123.3     134.1    111.2    127.9      121.6
 PERCENT CHANGE
1960 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -2.3      -1.0      1.0      -4.3         -      2.0       1.3      1.4      0.7        0.6
1961 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -0.7      -1.3        -       1.1      -0.6     -0.3       0.3      0.3        -       -0.3
1962 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      1.0       1.8     -1.0      -0.4         -      0.8       0.7      0.8        -          -
1963 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -2.0      -2.8      1.0      -1.5       0.3     -1.1       0.3     -1.1      0.4          -
1964 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -1.0      -2.4        -       1.9       0.3      0.3       1.3        -     -0.4       -0.3
1965 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      5.1       7.1      1.0       1.8       1.3      4.0       1.6      4.5      1.4        0.9
1966 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      6.4       8.9      2.8       2.2       2.6      6.5       3.2      6.5      1.7        1.5
1967 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -5.4      -5.6      3.7      -6.4       0.6     -1.8       4.0     -1.0      2.4        1.8
1968 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      1.6       1.5      1.8       2.3       2.5      3.9       3.6      3.1      2.0        2.3
1969 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      6.6       7.8      4.3       4.8       3.3      6.0       3.4      5.7      2.9        2.3
1970 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      3.8       2.5     15.0       2.5       3.8      3.3       5.2      3.8      3.2        3.0
1971 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      2.3       2.0     13.8       1.0       4.0      1.6       3.9      1.8      3.1        3.5
1972 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     10.8      11.7      7.0       9.9       3.8     -6.7       8.1      7.4     40.9        1.8
1973 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     36.6      41.0     10.7      32.8      11.0     10.8       3.3     32.5     18.2        4.6
1974 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     12.7       5.2     33.3      27.0      23.8     15.4      14.3     12.6     14.5       17.0
1975 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      0.3       1.3     23.4      -8.3      10.5      9.6      15.2      0.1     10.0       10.4
1976 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      2.9      -0.8     12.7       9.8       5.0      3.8       6.7      7.0     -1.8        6.2
1977 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      3.3       0.9     21.7       2.6       6.6      6.5       6.4      3.7      5.4        7.3
1978 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     12.1      12.6     14.8       9.9       7.1      7.9       7.9      7.9      9.2        7.1
1979 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     17.0      14.5     18.9      22.0      12.8     11.7       8.7      7.6      9.3       13.3
1980 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     10.9       4.6     21.1      21.6      15.2     14.3      10.7      1.7      6.3       18.5
1981 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      8.1      -0.7     22.2      19.6       9.2      9.0      10.3     11.2      5.3       10.3
1982 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -2.9      -3.8     17.9      -8.9       1.4      3.5       5.7     -4.2      2.9        4.1
1983 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      1.3       1.8      5.1      -1.2       0.6      1.3       2.8      2.4      0.9        1.2
1984 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      2.2       2.8        -       2.2       2.5      2.0       2.3      8.8      4.0        1.0
1985 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -7.4      -9.5     -2.3      -6.6      -0.4      0.5       2.2     -7.6     -0.1        1.1
1986 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -8.5      -1.7    -10.2     -19.4      -3.5     -2.3       2.0      2.6      2.5       -4.6
1987 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      6.8       3.2     -8.8      16.4       2.4      2.2       1.8      1.4      2.0        2.2
1988 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      2.5      10.3     -2.4      -2.9       5.5      2.5       2.3      2.5      2.8        2.4
1989 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      7.4       4.8      3.9      11.5       4.6      5.6       3.2      8.9      5.2        5.6
1990 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      5.6       1.7     -0.6      12.0       2.2      5.4       4.2      2.8      4.9        5.9
1991 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -7.1      -6.7     -2.2      -9.1      -0.1      1.9       3.1     -3.0        -        2.9
1992 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -0.9      -0.4      1.3      -3.4       0.3      1.0       1.9     -9.8        -        1.8
1993 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      2.0       3.1      3.7      -0.1       1.3      1.1       1.8      6.3      1.7        0.7
1994 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     -0.7      -1.8     -5.3       3.0       2.0      0.2       2.1     -2.8      1.1       -0.1
    - Represents or rounds to zero.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly and annual.
                                                                              Producer Price Indexes                                                          501

       No. 768. Producer Price Indexes for Selected Commodity Groupings, by Stage of
                                  Processing: 1970 to 1994
                                                                                      [1982=100, except as indicated]

                         COMMODITY                                                                    1970    1980    1985    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994
Finished goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         39.3    88.0   104.7   119.2   121.7   123.2   124.7   125.5

 Finished consumer goods . . .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    39.1    88.6   103.8   118.2   120.5   121.7   123.0   123.3
  Finished consumer foods . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    43.8    92.4   104.6   124.4   124.1   123.3   125.7   126.8
   Fresh fruits. . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    42.3   100.3   108.1   118.1   129.9    84.0    84.5    82.4
   Fresh and dried vegetables .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    47.5    88.9    99.5   118.1   103.8   115.0   135.2   129.0
   Eggs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    71.0    95.7    95.7   117.6   110.7    94.1   105.9    97.8
   Bakery products . . . . . . . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    40.0    90.0   113.9   141.0   146.6   152.5   156.6   160.0
   Milled rice . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    52.4   131.5   105.0   102.5   109.9   108.8   101.3   118.5
   Beef and veal . . . . . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    46.7   106.2    90.3   116.0   112.2   109.5   112.9   103.6

    Pork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    44.6    78.4    89.1   119.8   113.4    98.9   105.7   101.2
    Processed young chickens . . . .                      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    61.2   106.8   106.5   111.0   105.1   104.9   109.5   113.3
    Processed turkeys . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    69.1   109.2   121.3   107.6   107.3   102.3   101.0   108.4
    Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    29.7    87.8   114.6   147.2   149.5   156.1   156.5   161.5
    Dairy products . . . . . . . . . . . .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    44.7    92.7   100.2   117.2   114.6   117.9   118.1   119.4
    Processed fruits and vegetables                       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    40.3    83.3   108.0   124.7   119.6   120.8   118.2   121.2
    Soft drinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    37.8    81.8   107.7   122.3   125.5   125.6   126.2   126.9
    Roasted coffee . . . . . . . . . . . .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    37.7   110.4   107.2   113.0   107.8   100.5   100.5   128.0
    Shortening and cooking oils . . .                     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    47.7    99.5   124.0   123.2   116.5   115.1   122.9   138.9

   Finished consumer goods excl. foods . . . . . . .                                          .   .    37.4    87.1   103.3   115.3   118.7   120.8   121.7   121.6
    Alcoholic beverages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    .   .    53.3    88.9   107.7   117.2   123.7   126.1   126.0   124.8
    Women’s apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     .   .    62.8    86.9   105.4   116.1   117.9   119.9   120.2   119.7
    Men’s and boys’ apparel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                      .   .    51.2    91.3   105.0   120.2   122.7   126.0   127.7   128.5
    Girls’, children’s, and infants’ apparel . . . . . .                                      .   .    58.8    87.1   103.1   115.3   117.8   119.0   120.1   120.0
    Textile housefurnishings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    .   .    43.4    86.8   100.6   109.5   111.8   113.7   115.8   117.3
    Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .   .    46.2    95.2   104.8   125.6   128.6   132.0   134.4   135.5
    Residential natural gas (December 1990=100)                                               .   .    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    99.2   100.9   107.3   108.6
    Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .   .   .    14.4    93.3    83.3    78.7    69.9    68.1    63.9    61.7
    Fuel oil No. 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              .   .   .    (NA)    82.8    81.6    73.3    65.2    61.7    59.1    56.2
    Pharmaceutical preps, ethical (Prescription) .                                        .   .   .    52.0    80.6   132.0   200.8   217.5   231.7   242.2   249.9
    Pharmaceutical preps, propri.; Over-counter .                                         .   .   .    42.3    81.3   121.6   156.8   165.4   173.6   180.0   183.2
    Soaps and synthetic detergents . . . . . . . . .                                      .   .   .    41.5    85.8   107.9   117.7   117.5   120.6   122.2   121.4
    Cosmetics and other toilet preparations . . . .                                       .   .   .    47.8    83.8   109.0   121.6   124.6   126.7   129.1   128.7
    Tires, tubes, tread, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .   .   .    42.7    92.8    93.0    96.8    98.2    98.9    98.9    98.7
    Sanitary papers and health products . . . . . .                                       .   .   .    32.5    91.9   106.6   135.3   136.2   136.9   134.6   133.0

    Household furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .   .   .   .   .    48.6    89.1   108.5   125.1   128.0   130.0   133.4   138.0
    Floor coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .   .   .   .   .   .    54.9    90.0   105.6   119.0   120.4   120.3   120.2   121.3
    Household appliances . . . . . . . . . . .                            .   .   .   .   .   .   .    52.9    87.5   106.7   110.8   111.3   111.4   112.9   112.9
    Home electronic equipment . . . . . . . .                             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   106.0   103.8    90.8    82.7    83.2    82.0    80.2    80.2
    Household glassware . . . . . . . . . . . .                           .   .   .   .   .   .   .    33.1    84.7   121.8   132.5   136.0   141.6   142.9   146.9
    Household flatware . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           .   .   .   .   .   .   .    32.7   148.0    98.6   122.1   119.5   125.2   130.7   133.8
    Lawn and garden equip., excl. tractors                                .   .   .   .   .   .   .    46.8    87.5   110.3   123.0   124.7   125.3   126.2   128.4
    Passenger cars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .   .   .   .   .    50.0    88.9   106.9   118.3   124.1   126.9   129.8   133.9
    Toys, games, and children’s vehicles .                                .   .   .   .   .   .   .    48.5    89.2   103.8   118.1   120.2   121.4   121.5   122.4
    Sporting and athletic goods . . . . . . . .                           .   .   .   .   .   .   .    52.7    90.6    99.7   112.6   115.3   118.2   118.6   120.1
    Tobacco products . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          .   .   .   .   .   .   .    35.2    76.0   132.5   221.4   249.7   275.3   260.3   224.5
    Mobile homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)    (NA)   101.7   117.5   120.4   121.7   127.8   137.2
Capital equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            .   .   .   .   .   .    40.1    85.8   107.5   122.9   126.7   129.1   131.4   134.1
   Agricultural machinery and equipment . .                                   .   .   .   .   .   .    36.4    83.3   108.7   121.7   125.7   129.5   133.6   136.8
   Construction machinery and equipment .                                     .   .   .   .   .   .    33.7    84.2   105.4   121.6   125.2   128.7   132.0   133.6
   Metal cutting machine tools . . . . . . . . .                              .   .   .   .   .   .    30.8    85.1   107.3   129.8   134.6   138.9   141.1   143.1
   Metal forming machine tools . . . . . . . .                                .   .   .   .   .   .    28.6    85.7   107.0   128.7   133.5   135.9   138.4   141.9
   Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and ind. molds                                 .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)    (NA)   106.3   117.2   122.7   125.1   128.4   131.4
   Pumps, compressors, and equipment . .                                      .   .   .   .   .   .    33.0    82.8   102.6   119.2   124.6   129.1   132.8   135.2
    Industrial material handling equipment. . . . . .                                         .   .    39.8    88.4   102.7   115.0   117.4   118.4   120.2   122.4
    Textile machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                   .   .    45.4    87.2   107.6   128.8   135.0   138.9   143.7   144.9
    Paper industries machinery (June 1982=100) .                                              .   .    (NA)    (NA)   109.8   134.8   140.1   142.7   144.9   147.4
    Printing trades machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     .   .    42.5    89.7   109.0   124.9   126.5   126.8   129.5   131.1
    Transformers and power regulators . . . . . . .                                           .   .    44.7    82.4   105.0   120.9   123.9   123.5   123.0   125.3
    Oil field and gas field machinery . . . . . . . . .                                         .   .    27.0    76.3    96.8   102.4   108.6   107.6   108.2   110.8
    Mining machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . .                                          .   .    30.9    85.2   105.4   121.0   125.2   127.4   129.5   131.1
    Office and store machines and equipment . . .                                             .   .    68.3    93.1   101.6   109.5   109.8   111.0   111.0   111.3
    Commercial furniture . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    41.6    85.7   111.9   133.4   136.2   138.1   140.5   144.7
    Light motor trucks . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    42.0    83.3   112.2   130.0   135.5   142.4   150.3   157.1
    Heavy motor trucks . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    36.3    82.3   108.8   120.3   123.6   128.6   133.9   139.2
    Truck trailers . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)    (NA)   106.2   110.8   112.1   115.1   118.2   122.2
    Railroad equipment . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    33.2    90.4   104.9   118.6   122.2   123.7   125.2   129.2
    Photographic equipment .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    72.0    94.9    89.5    97.2    99.3   101.1   101.5    98.0

Intermed. materials, supplies, components .                                           .   .   .   .    35.4    90.3   102.7   114.5   114.4   114.7   116.2   118.5
 Intermediate foods and feeds . . . . . . . . . . .                                   .   .   .   .    45.6   105.5    97.3   113.3   111.1   110.7   112.7   114.8
    Flour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .   .    55.3   102.3    99.8   103.6    96.8   109.5   108.9   110.6
    Crude vegetable oils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .   .   .   .    75.8   127.1   137.6   115.8   103.0    97.1   110.5   135.4
    Prepared animal feeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 .   .   .   .    49.1   107.3    90.1   107.4   106.8   108.3   111.0   111.4
     See footnotes at end of table.
502                                                                          Prices

        No. 768. Producer Price Indexes for Selected Commodity Groupings by Stage of
                             Processing: 1970 to 1994—Continued
                                                             [1982=100, except as indicated]

                         COMMODITY                                         1970    1980    1985    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994
Intermediate materials less foods and feeds . .                    .   .    34.8    89.4   103.0   114.5   114.6   114.9   116.4   118.7
    Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    34.6    99.8   113.4   177.5   168.4   163.7   168.6   179.6
    Liquefied petroleum gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .    (NA)   102.3    86.3    77.4    75.4    65.8    63.7    58.2
    Electric power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    26.1    79.1   111.6   117.6   124.3   126.3   128.5   128.7
    Jet fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    (NA)    87.5    81.0    76.0    66.4    61.9    59.1    53.9
    No. 2 diesel fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    (NA)    85.8    81.2    74.1    65.6    61.9    60.7    56.0
    Residual fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    10.6    81.3    83.2    57.7    49.1    45.9    49.6    48.2
    Industrial chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    28.6    91.9    96.0   113.2   111.8   109.3   110.5   114.3
    Prepared paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    42.8    89.5   105.3   124.8   129.9   131.6   133.2   135.3
    Paint materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    33.3    89.9   109.5   136.3   135.8   131.1   131.5   132.1
    Medicinal and botanical chemicals . . . . . . . .              .   .    44.4    91.0    91.8   102.2   109.0   111.3   120.6   125.4
    Fats and oils, inedible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    49.7   111.6   110.6    88.1    86.8    93.0    95.7   110.6
    Mixed fertilizers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .    35.2    90.0    96.1   103.3   105.2   102.6    98.9   105.7
    Nitrogenates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    32.7    90.0    96.3    92.3    98.5    95.4    99.5   112.3
    Phosphates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    27.5    93.0    91.6    96.5    98.1    92.5    83.0    95.5
    Other agricultural chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .    23.2    80.1    98.7   119.9   125.6   129.2   134.5   140.8
    Plastic resins and materials. . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .    32.0    98.5   107.5   124.1   120.0   116.4   117.2   122.4
    Synthetic rubber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    34.0    85.3    96.8   111.9   106.1   103.8   105.7   108.9
    Plastic construction products . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .    65.5   103.9   108.6   117.2   115.1   112.7   116.8   122.9
    Softwood lumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    35.2   107.3   107.4   123.8   125.7   148.6   193.5   198.1
    Hardwood lumber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .    43.7    96.0   117.1   131.0   128.5   140.7   163.3   168.3
    Millwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    41.5    93.2   111.7   130.4   135.5   143.3   156.5   162.4
    Plywood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    46.7   106.2    99.6   114.2   114.3   133.3   152.7   158.6
    Woodpulp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    28.9   100.3    91.4   151.3   119.2   118.9   104.3   115.9
    Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    38.8    89.7   106.0   128.8   126.9   123.2   123.8   126.0
    Paperboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    39.7    92.0   107.7   135.7   130.2   134.3   130.0   140.5
    Paper boxes and containers . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   .    43.3    89.4   108.8   129.9   128.6   130.6   130.0   136.1
    Building paper and board . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .    42.2    86.1   107.4   112.2   111.8   119.6   132.9   144.1
    Commercial printing (June 1982=100) . . . . . .                .   .    (NA)    (NA)   111.6   128.0   130.0   131.1   134.8   136.5
    Foundry and forge shop products . . . . . . . . .              .   .    32.4    89.7   105.2   117.2   119.0   120.1   121.3   123.9
    Steel mill products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    32.7    86.6   104.7   112.1   109.5   106.4   108.2   113.4
    Primary nonferrous metals . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .    44.9   132.7    93.6   133.4   114.0   108.1    98.1   115.7
    Aluminum mill shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .    36.7    89.3   107.8   127.9   123.2   121.9   120.3   127.7
    Copper and brass mill shapes . . . . . . . . . . .             .   .    63.4   112.6   106.9   174.6   160.5   166.0   150.8   167.3
    Nonferrous wire and cable . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .    62.6   107.5   100.9   142.6   139.2   136.7   133.2   139.8
    Metal containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    34.3    90.9   109.0   114.0   115.5   113.9   109.5   108.1
    Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .    39.8    85.8   109.1   125.9   130.2   132.7   135.2   137.5
    Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings . . . . . . .               .   .    39.9    88.5   111.9   144.3   149.7   153.1   155.8   159.6
    Heating equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .    46.6    87.0   109.5   131.6   134.1   137.3   140.3   142.5
    Fabricated structural metal products . . . . . . .             .   .    36.7    88.8   103.2   121.8   122.4   122.1   123.2   127.3
    Mechanical power transmission equipment. . .                   .   .    36.9    84.5   108.2   125.3   129.1   132.1   136.2   140.5
    Ball and roller bearings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    33.1    80.0   105.9   130.6   136.7   139.0   141.8   145.7
    Wiring devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    35.9    81.9   111.7   132.2   133.9   134.8   138.6   141.5
    Motors, generators, motor generator sets . . .                 .   .    37.7    86.0   113.3   132.9   134.9   136.6   138.6   140.2
    Switchgear, switchboard, etc., equipment. . . .                .   .    40.5    88.4   106.7   124.4   128.5   131.5   134.6   136.8
    Electronic components and accessories . . . .                  .   .    57.4    88.8   112.4   118.4   118.6   117.5   117.8   116.6
    Internal combustion engines . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .    34.5    81.7   104.9   120.2   126.0   128.4   130.2   132.9
    Machine shop products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .    31.1    81.0   112.8   124.3   125.9   126.8   128.0   129.7
    Flat glass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    52.2    88.7   101.7   107.5   105.9   106.5   107.5   110.5
    Concrete products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    37.7    92.0   107.5   113.5   116.6   117.2   120.1   124.6
    Asphalt felts and coatings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         .   .    25.8    99.6   102.6    97.1    98.2    96.2    96.9    95.3
    Gypsum products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .    38.9   100.1   132.3   105.2    99.3    99.9   108.4   136.1
    Glass containers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    33.9    82.3   106.8   120.4   125.4   125.1   125.9   127.5
    Motor vehicle parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    32.9    72.9   102.5   111.2   112.5   113.1   113.7   114.3
    Photographic supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .    41.0    97.2   107.4   127.6   125.8   125.6   124.3   124.7
Crude materials for further processing . . . . . .                 .   .    35.2    95.3    95.8   108.9   101.2   100.4   102.4   101.8
 Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .    45.2   104.6    94.8   113.1   105.5   105.1   108.3   106.5
    Wheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    39.7   108.3    87.6    87.6    79.4    98.5    98.4   104.8
    Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    54.5   119.2   105.9   100.9    97.0    96.0    92.9   100.1
    Cattle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    46.9   104.9    91.2   122.5   115.8   115.4   116.7   105.8
    Hogs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .    45.5    74.5    80.7    94.1    82.7    70.7    76.1    65.9
    Live chickens (broilers and fryers) . . . . . . . .            .   .    48.5   103.4   110.5   119.5   111.9   114.6   124.9   127.7
    Live turkeys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .    59.9   112.2   144.6   116.9   109.5   106.6   113.1   119.6
    Fluid milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    40.8    96.0    93.7   100.8    89.5    96.1    93.8    95.7
    Soybeans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    45.3   117.0    94.2   100.8    95.1    97.3   104.8   106.0
    Cane sugar, raw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    39.9   148.3   104.6   119.2   113.7   112.1   113.2   115.2
Crude nonfood materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            .   .    23.8    84.6    96.9   101.5    94.6    93.5    94.7    94.8
    Raw cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    43.6   135.7    97.7   118.2   116.2    89.8    91.9   121.3
    Leaf tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    40.3    82.1   101.2    95.8   101.1   101.0    99.6   100.2
    Cattle hides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .    30.4   104.6   126.1   217.8   173.4   171.4   180.2   200.9
    Coal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    28.1    87.4   102.2    97.5    97.2    95.0    96.1    96.7
    Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .     7.9    63.3   102.9    80.4    79.1    80.6    84.6    78.8
    Crude petroleum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .    14.5    75.9    84.5    71.0    61.9    58.0    51.4    47.1
    Logs, timber, etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    (NA)    (NA)    96.0   142.8   144.1   164.8   211.9   219.1
    Wastepaper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   103.2   172.2   122.9   138.9   121.4   117.5   118.0   209.5
    Iron ore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .    35.9    87.8    97.5    83.3    83.6    83.7    82.7    82.7
    Iron and steel scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .    59.6   140.9   112.6   166.0   147.6   139.2   172.6   192.9
    Nonferrous metal ores (Dec. 1983=100) . . . .                  .   .    (NA)    (NA)    73.2    98.3    82.6    75.4    67.3    81.4
    Copper base scrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .   100.9   138.9    95.4   181.3   170.0   162.9   135.7   155.5
    Aluminum base scrap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .    34.4   183.9   123.4   172.6   143.1   137.6   129.1   172.9
    Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone                   .   .    40.9    85.3   110.7   125.4   128.6   130.6   133.9   137.9
     NA Not available.
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly and annual.
                                                                         Producer Price Indexes                                                         503

                        No. 769. Producer Price Indexes for the Net Output of Selected
                                           Industries: 1985 to 1994
   [Indexes are based on selling prices reported by establishments of all sizes by probability sampling. Industries selected by
                              value added. N.e.c.= not elsewhere classified. See text, section 27]

                                                                                      SIC       Index
                            ITEM                                                                               1985    1990    1991     1992    1993    1994
                                                                                     code 1      base
Meat packing plants . . . . . . . . . . . .              .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2011     12/80.   .   .    90.9   119.8   115.1    108.9   113.6    108.0
Sausages and other prepared meats .                      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2013     12/82.   .   .    95.7   112.7   113.0    108.7   110.4    108.9
Fluid milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2026     12/82.   .   .   102.6   121.4   119.0    121.6   121.3    123.6
Canned fruits and vegetables . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2033     06/81.   .   .   112.7   129.9   129.4    129.8   127.3    130.1
Frozen specialties . . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2038     12/82.   .   .   110.8   127.3   130.4    131.0   130.6    132.1
Bread, cake, and related products . . .                  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2051     06/80.   .   .   127.1   159.4   165.0    173.3   179.1    182.6
Cookies and crackers . . . . . . . . . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2052     06/83.   .   .   112.0   141.9   148.5    151.2   152.2    154.5
Malt beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2082     06/82.   .   .   110.0   115.2   121.3    123.6   122.2    119.9
Bottled and canned soft drinks . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2086     06/81.   .   .   112.5   127.2   130.3    131.0   132.5    134.0
Coffee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2095     06/81.   .   .   111.5   120.0   116.5    110.0   109.8    134.7
Food preparations, n.e.c . . . . . . . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2099     12/85.   .   .    (NA)   114.3   117.3    117.2   118.6    119.8
Cigarettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2111                           12/82. . .       110.7   197.6   225.0    250.5   235.0    198.9
Synthetic fiber and silk broadwoven fabric. . . . . 2221                                       06/81. . .       101.2   115.6   115.2    115.9   114.5    109.8
Women’s, misses’, and juniors’ dresses . . . . . . 2335                                       12/80. . .       108.0   125.6   129.0    129.7   130.1    127.2
Logging camps and logging contractors . . . . .                                  .   2411     12/81.   .   .    94.8   135.6   135.0    151.3   186.1    192.6
Sawmills and planing mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           .   2421     12/80.   .   .    97.3   109.9   111.5    127.9   159.3    162.0
Millwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .   2431     06/83.   .   .   103.2   120.4   125.8    134.5   148.6    152.8
Wood household furniture, except upholstered.                                    .   2511     12/79.   .   .   133.3   158.9   163.3    166.9   173.4    180.3

Paper mill products except building paper . . . . . 2621                                      06/81. . .       109.5   134.0   131.0    126.6   126.6    128.4
Paperboard mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2631                               12/82. . .       112.0   146.0   140.7    142.6   138.3    152.2
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes. . . . . . . . . . . 2653                                     03/80. . .       119.7   139.6   134.5    137.3   135.8    146.2
Newspaper publishing . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2711     12/79.   .   .   164.0   220.4   235.7    248.7   259.3    269.2
Periodical publishing . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2721     12/79.   .   .   157.9   205.7   217.8    227.9   233.1    239.1
Book publishing . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2731     12/80.   .   .   134.1   175.2   183.4    189.7   194.9    202.2
Commercial printing, lithographic.           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2752     06/82.   .   .   111.0   127.9   129.7    130.8   135.0    136.5
Commercial printing, n.e.c . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2759     06/82.   .   .   112.9   136.1   140.8    143.6   145.6    147.4
Manifold business forms . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   2761     12/83.   .   .   106.2   124.6   123.9    121.0   128.6    133.8
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c. . . . . . . . .                               2819     12/82.   .   .   100.4   117.9   119.4    118.9   117.2    115.8
Plastic materials and resins . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             2821     12/80.   .   .   113.6   139.5   137.9    131.8   132.4    137.4
Noncellulosic manmade fibers . . . . . . . . . . . .                                  2824     06/81.   .   .    97.6   102.7   101.9    101.6   101.8    102.9
Pharmaceutical preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                2834     06/81.   .   .   141.3   203.5   217.3    231.2   240.8    244.6
Soap and other detergents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                               2841     06/83.   .   .   104.2   115.2   116.0    118.5   120.0    119.6
Specialty cleaning, polish. and sanitation preps..                                   2842     06/83.   .   .   103.9   118.6   121.5    123.1   124.7    126.3
Toilet preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          2844     03/80.   .   .   135.4   153.2   158.0    162.6   166.7    166.6
Paints and allied products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             2851     06/83.   .   .   104.9   125.0   130.3    132.3   133.6    135.9
Cyclic (coal tar) crudes and intermediates. . . . .                                  2865     12/82.   .   .    96.9   114.1   113.3    113.3   116.3    117.5
Industrial organic chemicals, n.e.c . . . . . . . . . .                              2869     12/82.   .   .   101.3   125.6   129.1    127.8   123.8    126.1
Chemicals and chemical preparations, n.e.c . . .                                     2899     06/85.   .   .    (NA)   112.5   115.7    117.1   120.0    123.7
Petroleum refining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2911                                06/85. . .        98.3    90.1    80.9     78.3    75.3     72.2
Tires and inner tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3011                                06/81. . .        96.8   103.0   105.0    106.0   106.3    106.4
Ready-mixed concrete. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3273                                  06/81. . .       108.6   114.3   116.9    117.4   121.0    125.7
Blast furnaces and steel mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3312                                 06/82. . .       104.9   110.8   108.4    105.8   107.5    112.3
Gray iron foundries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3321                              12/80. . .       115.6   123.4   125.6    127.0   128.2    131.7
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating . . . . . . 3357                                       12/82. . .       100.5   148.7   145.0    141.8   138.2    144.8
Metal cans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3411     06/81.   .   .   110.4   116.6   118.1    117.0   113.1    110.8
Hardware, n.e.c.. . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3429     06/85.   .   .    (NA)   110.6   113.3    114.9   116.9    118.6
Fabricated structural metal . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3441     06/82.   .   .   103.0   118.6   117.3    116.6   118.2    121.6
Fabricated plate work . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3443     03/80.   .   .   120.8   142.3   145.8    147.0   146.5    149.7
Sheet metal work . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3444     12/82.   .   .   107.2   129.4   128.2    126.6   127.1    130.0
Automotive stampings . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3465     12/82.   .   .   110.4   112.6   111.7    111.5   111.3    111.9
Metal stampings, n.e.c. . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3469     06/84.   .   .   101.4   121.1   122.5    123.2   123.1    124.2
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c.            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3499     06/85.   .   .    (NA)   117.6   119.0    119.2   120.4    122.9
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c . . . .                       .....               3519     12/82.   .   .   103.4   115.7   120.7    123.3   125.5    128.0
Farm machinery and equipment . . . . . .                         .....               3523     12/82.   .   .   105.3   116.8   120.5    124.1   126.6    129.6
Construction machinery . . . . . . . . . . . .                   .....               3531     12/80.   .   .   119.5   137.6   142.0    146.9   151.3    153.7
Spec. tools, dies, jigs, fixtures and indus.                      molds               3544     06/81.   .   .   113.5   124.5   129.3    131.2   134.3    137.7
Special industry machinery, n.e.c . . . . .                      .....               3559     12/81.   .   .   116.4   137.5   142.4    146.2   151.0    152.9
Refrigeration and heating equipment . . .                        .....               3585     12/82.   .   .   104.7   119.0   119.7    121.1   122.2    123.0
Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c . . . . .                    .....               3599     06/84.   .   .   102.0   113.9   114.4    114.3   116.1    118.8
Electric motors and generators . . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3621     06/83.   .   .   108.2   127.5   129.7    131.5   133.5    134.3
Telephone and telegraph apparatus .                  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3661     12/85.   .   .    (NA)   112.0   112.8    112.3   115.0    116.9
Semiconductors and related devices                   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3674     06/81.   .   .   106.6   105.0   102.8     98.4    98.2     97.2
Electronic components, n.e.c . . . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   3679     06/82.   .   .   108.6   115.1   115.2    117.8   119.7    119.0

Motor vehicles and passenger car bodies . .                              .   .   .   3711     06/82.   .   .   107.2   119.9   125.3    129.1   133.2    137.9
Motor vehicle parts and accessories . . . . .                            .   .   .   3714     12/82.   .   .   100.6   108.9   110.3    111.0   111.6    112.0
Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               .   .   .   3721     12/85.   .   .    (NA)   116.0   120.4    124.3   128.5    133.0
Aircraft engines and engine parts . . . . . . .                          .   .   .   3724     12/85.   .   .    (NA)   112.6   117.9    123.6   125.7    129.0
Aircraft parts and auxiliary equipment, n.e.c                            .   .   .   3728     06/85.   .   .    (NA)   116.3   120.3    124.9   128.0    130.7
Ship building and repairing. . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .   .   3731     12/85.   .   .    (NA)   114.0   116.2    118.3   123.7    127.2
Photographic equipment and supplies . . . . . . . 3861                                        12/83. . .       101.5   112.2    111.9   112.1   112.7    111.8
     NA Not available. 1 Standard Industrial Classification code.
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly.
504                                                                Prices

       No. 770. Fixed-Weighted Price Indexes for Personal Consumption Expenditures:
                                        1960 to 1994
                                                                   [1987=100]

                            Personal
                           consump- Motor                          Cloth-    Gas-                 House-    Elec-
                                                                                                                      Trans-
   YEAR                        tion  vehicles   Furni-    Food
                                                                    ing      oline
                                                                                        Housing
                                                                                                   hold     tricity
                                                                                                                       port-
                                                                                                                                Medical
                            expendi-   and      ture 2              and      and                   oper-     and       ation     care
                             tures 1  parts                        shoes      oil                  ation     gas

1960   .   .   .   .   .       30.8      40.6     79.2      27.4     46.1        30.5      28.8      32.0     24.6      25.5       17.8
1961   .   .   .   .   .       31.1      40.6     78.2      27.7     46.4        30.2      29.2      32.2     24.7      26.5       18.3
1962   .   .   .   .   .       31.3      40.8     76.5      28.0     46.5        30.4      29.5      32.3     24.8      26.8       18.8
1963   .   .   .   .   .       31.6      40.8     75.5      28.4     46.9        30.3      29.9      32.5     24.7      26.4       19.2
1964   .   .   .   .   .       31.9      41.0     74.9      29.0     47.3        30.1      30.2      32.6     24.7      26.4       19.9
1965   .   .   .   .   .       32.2      40.5     73.1      29.5     47.7        31.2      30.5      32.6     24.6      27.1       20.5
1966   .   .   .   .   .       32.8      40.1     71.5      30.7     49.0        32.0      30.9      32.5     24.6      27.9       21.5
1967   .   .   .   .   .       33.7      40.6     71.8      31.2     51.1        33.0      31.5      33.0     24.8      28.4       22.9
1968   .   .   .   .   .       35.0      41.9     73.0      32.3     54.0        33.5      32.3      33.6     25.0      29.2       24.6
1969   .   .   .   .   .       36.3      42.6     74.1      33.7     57.1        34.6      33.4      34.5     25.5      30.8       26.1
1970   .   .   .   .   .       37.9      43.8     74.9      35.9     59.4        34.9      34.8      35.6     26.4      33.8       27.9
1971   .   .   .   .   .       39.5      45.9     75.6      36.9     61.3        35.2      36.4      38.0     28.2      37.3       29.3
1972   .   .   .   .   .       40.8      45.9     76.2      38.6     62.7        35.7      37.7      39.9     29.7      38.6       30.7
1973   .   .   .   .   .       42.7      46.2     76.9      42.6     64.9        39.1      39.4      41.6     31.3      39.4       32.1
1974   .   .   .   .   .       46.7      49.1     80.6      48.7     69.5        52.7      40.9      45.8     36.6      42.1       34.7
1975   .   .   .   .   .       50.5      53.9     85.9      52.7     72.2        56.2      43.6      49.8     41.9      44.5       38.3
1976   .   .   .   .   .       53.3      57.8     88.3      54.4     74.5        58.6      46.5      53.6     45.6      49.3       41.7
1977   .   .   .   .   .       56.7      61.2     89.9      57.9     77.6        62.0      50.4      57.0     50.0      54.7       45.7
1978   .   .   .   .   .       60.7      65.3     92.9      63.1     79.5        64.7      54.0      60.2     53.8      57.9       50.0
1979   .   .   .   .   .       65.8      70.3     97.2      69.4     81.7        86.8      58.3      63.6     59.1      62.2       54.4
1980   .   .   .   .   .       72.6      75.6     98.2      75.9     85.2       120.7      63.8      69.7     69.0      71.9       60.4
1981   .   .   .   .   .       78.9      81.3    101.7      82.1     88.2       134.4      70.4      78.1     79.0      79.2       67.6
1982   .   .   .   .   .       83.2      85.1    103.6      85.4     90.0       127.5      75.9      86.7     89.1      83.0       74.7
1983   .   .   .   .   .       86.7      87.9    102.6      87.6     91.8       123.4      80.5      92.1     95.8      86.9       80.1
1984   .   .   .   .   .       89.9      90.5    101.7      91.1     93.1       121.5      84.9      96.3    100.0      89.6       85.0
1985   .   .   .   .   .       93.3      93.0    100.8      93.4     95.8       122.5      90.0      98.9    102.2      91.0       90.4
1986   .   .   .   .   .       96.1      95.7     99.5      96.5     95.8        96.2      95.4     100.4    101.7      94.0       94.6
1987   .   .   .   .   .      100.0     100.0    100.0     100.0    100.0       100.0     100.0     100.0    100.0     100.0      100.0
1988   .   .   .   .   .      104.3     101.5    101.0     104.0    104.2       100.9     104.9     101.4    100.8     104.9      107.1
1989   .   .   .   .   .      109.5     104.6    101.6     109.8    106.7       110.2     109.6     103.8    103.9     109.6      115.7
1990   .   .   .   .   .      115.2     105.3    102.4     115.7    111.4       125.5     115.4     105.8    105.6     114.9      124.3
1991   .   .   .   .   .      120.3     109.2    103.0     120.1    115.4       123.9     120.2     109.8    108.9     122.3      131.2
1992   .   .   .   .   .      124.6     112.4    103.9     122.0    117.9       123.3     124.1     112.3    111.0     129.3      139.1
1993   .   .   .   .   .      128.1     116.1    104.3     124.4    119.2       122.1     127.9     115.4    114.4     134.3      147.3
1994   .   .   .   .   .      131.2     120.5    105.7     127.3    118.3       122.8     131.9     117.5    115.0     136.4      153.5
 PERCENT
 CHANGE
1960 . . . . .                   1.3     -1.7       0.3      1.3       1.2        2.9       1.5       2.2       2.4       3.5       3.6
1961 . . . . .                   0.8        -      -1.3      0.9       0.5       -0.9       1.3       0.7       0.5       3.7       2.7
1962 . . . . .                   0.6      0.5      -2.2      1.2       0.2        0.6       1.2       0.4         -       1.3       2.8
1963 . . . . .                   0.9        -      -1.3      1.4       1.0       -0.2       1.1       0.7      -0.1      -1.5       2.6
1964 . . . . .                   1.1      0.4      -0.8      2.1       0.7       -0.6       1.0       0.3      -0.3      -0.1       3.2
1965 . . . . .                   1.0     -1.2      -2.4      1.8       1.0        3.8       1.0      -0.2      -0.3       2.8       3.3
1966 . . . . .                   1.8     -1.0      -2.2      3.9       2.6        2.3       1.4      -0.2       0.1       2.8       4.7
1967 . . . . .                   2.6      1.3       0.4      1.7       4.2        3.3       1.9       1.5       0.7       2.0       6.6
1968 . . . . .                   3.8      3.1       1.7      3.5       5.7        1.5       2.5       1.8       0.9       2.8       7.5
1969 . . . . .                   3.8      1.9       1.5      4.6       5.7        3.3       3.4       2.6       2.0       5.3       5.9
1970 . . . . .                   4.4      2.8       1.1      6.3       4.1        0.9       4.2       3.3       3.7       9.7       6.9
1971 . . . . .                   4.4      4.8       0.9      2.9       3.2        0.8       4.6       6.6       6.8      10.3       5.1
1972 . . . . .                   3.3        -       0.8      4.6       2.2        1.3       3.6       5.1       5.0       3.5       5.0
1973 . . . . .                   4.6      0.6       0.9     10.4       3.6        9.5       4.4       4.2       5.6       2.1       4.4
1974 . . . . .                   9.3      6.2       4.8     14.3       7.1       34.9       3.9      10.1      17.0       6.8       8.4
1975 . . . . .                   8.1      9.9       6.6      8.2       3.8        6.7       6.6       8.6      14.5       5.7      10.1
1976 . . . . .                   5.6      7.3       2.8      3.3       3.3        4.2       6.7       7.7       8.8      10.9       9.0
1977 . . . . .                   6.4      5.7       1.8      6.5       4.1        5.8       8.5       6.3       9.6      10.9       9.6
1978 . . . . .                   7.0      6.8       3.3      9.0       2.4        4.4       7.0       5.6       7.5       5.9       9.2
1979 . . . . .                   8.5      7.6       4.6     10.0       2.9       34.2       8.0       5.7       9.9       7.3       9.0
1980 . . . . .                  10.3      7.6       1.0      9.3       4.3       39.0       9.4       9.5      16.8      15.7      10.9
1981 . . . . .                   8.7      7.5       3.6      8.2       3.5       11.3      10.3      12.1      14.4      10.2      11.8
1982 . . . . .                   5.4      4.7       1.9      4.0       2.1       -5.1       7.8      11.1      12.8       4.7      10.6
1983 . . . . .                   4.3      3.2      -1.0      2.6       2.0       -3.3       6.1       6.2       7.5       4.8       7.2
1984 . . . . .                   3.7      3.0      -0.8      3.9       1.4       -1.5       5.4       4.6       4.5       3.1       6.1
1985 . . . . .                   3.8      2.8      -1.0      2.6       3.0        0.8       6.1       2.7       2.2       1.5       6.4
1986 . . . . .                   3.0      3.0      -1.2      3.3         -      -21.5       6.0       1.5      -0.5       3.3       4.6
1987 . . . . .                   4.1      4.5       0.5      3.6       4.3        4.0       4.8      -0.4      -1.7       6.4       5.7
1988 . . . . .                   4.3      1.5       1.0      4.0       4.2        0.9       4.9       1.4       0.8       4.9       7.1
1989 . . . . .                   5.0      3.1       0.5      5.6       2.4        9.2       4.6       2.4       3.1       4.5       8.0
1990 . . . . .                   5.3      0.7       0.8      5.4       4.4       13.9       5.3       1.9       1.6       4.8       7.4
1991 . . . . .                   4.4      3.7       0.6      3.8       3.6       -1.3       4.2       3.8       3.1       6.4       5.6
1992 . . . . .                   3.6      2.9       0.9      1.6       2.2       -0.5       3.2       2.3       1.9       5.7       6.0
1993 . . . . .                   2.8      3.3       0.4      2.0       1.1       -1.0       3.1       2.8       3.1       3.9       5.9
1994 . . . . .                   2.4      3.8       1.3      2.3      -0.8        0.6       3.1       1.8       0.5       5.9       4.2
    - Represents or rounds to zero. 1 Includes items not shown separately. 2 Includes household equipment.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States: Volume 2,
1959-88; and Survey of Current Business, August 1993, July 1994, and March 1995; and unpublished data.
                                            Fixed-Weight and Futures Price Indexes                                                                            505

                                    No. 771. Fixed-Weighted Price Indexes: 1980 to 1994
                                                                                         [1987=100 ]

                    ITEM                                                1980     1985     1986     1988      1989     1990         1991     1992    1993      1994
     Gross domestic product . . . . . . .                                 (NA)    94.3      97.0   104.0     108.6        113.6     118.1   121.9   125.5     128.9

Personal consumption expenditures.                              .   .     72.6    93.3      96.1   104.3     109.5        115.2    120.3    124.6   128.1     131.2
  Durable goods . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .     84.7    96.0      97.1   102.0     104.5        106.3    109.1    111.6   113.9     117.0
  Nondurable goods. . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .     79.6    96.2      96.1   103.8     109.5        116.2    120.5    123.0   125.0     126.6
  Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    .   .     65.3    90.9      95.8   105.1     110.7        116.8    123.0    128.7   133.5     137.6
Gross private domestic investment:
  Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . . .                        ..        (NA)    95.7      97.9   103.3     106.3        109.1     110.8   112.0   114.4     117.5
     Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           (NA)    97.3      98.8   102.8     105.6        108.4    110.2    111.2   113.0     115.5
       Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           78.5    96.9      98.5   104.6     109.0        112.4    113.9    114.1   117.3     121.2
       Producers’ durable equipment .                                     (NA)    97.5      99.0   101.9     103.9        106.2    108.3    109.7   110.7     112.5
     Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          75.3    92.1      95.8   104.3     107.8        110.7     111.9   113.6   117.4     122.0

Exports of goods and services . . . . . .                                 (NA)    98.2      97.3   105.7     108.2        110.0     112.6   113.9   115.3     118.1
Imports of goods and services . . . . . .                                 (NA)    94.6      93.8   105.4     108.5        112.4     113.8   115.4   115.2     117.2

Government purchases .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     73.3    95.4      97.6   103.7     107.9        112.6     116.8   120.8   124.5     128.6
  Federal . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     75.2    97.9      99.0   102.8     107.0        111.8     116.5   121.5   126.1     131.1
    National defense . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     76.3    98.8      99.5   103.1     107.1        112.1     116.5   122.0   126.6     131.5
    Nondefense . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     71.9    94.9      97.5   102.0     106.7        110.8     116.6   119.8   124.3     130.1
  State and local . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     71.9    93.5      96.5   104.3     108.6        113.2     117.0   120.3   123.4     126.6
     NA Not available.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States: Volume 2
1959-1988, and Survey of Current Business, July 1994 and March 1995.


         No. 772. Fixed-Weighted Price Indexes—Annual Percent Change: 1985 to 1994
                                                                                         [1987=100 ]

                 ITEM                                           1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-89 1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93                             1993-94
     Gross domestic product . . . .                                     2.8       3.1        4.0       4.5          4.6           4.0       3.2      3.0        2.7
Personal consumption expend. .                      .   .               3.0       4.1        4.3       5.0          5.3           4.4       3.5      2.8        2.5
  Durable goods . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .               1.2       3.0        2.0       2.4          1.7           2.6       2.3      2.1        2.7
  Nondurable goods. . . . . . . .                   .   .                 -       4.0        3.8       5.5          6.2           3.7       2.1      1.6        1.3
  Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              .   .               5.4       4.4        5.1       5.3          5.6           5.2       4.7      3.7        3.1
Gross private domestic invest.:
  Fixed investment . . . . . . . . . .                                  2.3       2.2        3.3       3.0          2.6           1.5       1.1      2.1        2.8
     Nonresidential . . . . . . . . . . .                               1.6       1.2        2.8       2.7          2.6           1.7       0.9      1.6        2.2
       Structures . . . . . . . . . . . .                               1.6       1.5        4.6       4.2          3.1           1.3       0.3      2.8        3.3
       Producers’ durable equip. .                                      1.6       1.0        1.9       2.0          2.3           2.0       1.3      0.9        1.6
     Residential . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              4.0       4.4        4.3       3.4          2.7           1.1       1.5      3.3        4.0
Exports of goods and services . . .                                     -0.9      2.8        5.7       2.4          1.7           2.3       1.2      1.2        2.5
Imports of goods and services . . .                                     -0.8      6.6        5.4       3.0          3.5           1.3       1.5     -0.2        1.8
Government purchases .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .               2.2       2.5        3.7       4.1          4.3           3.7       3.5      3.1        3.3
  Federal . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .               1.2       1.0        2.8       4.1          4.5           4.2       4.3      3.7        4.0
    National defense . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .               0.7       0.5        3.1       3.9          4.7           3.9       4.7      3.7        3.8
    Nondefense . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .               2.7       2.6        2.0       4.6          3.8           5.2       2.8      3.7        4.6
  State and local . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .               3.1       3.7        4.3       4.1          4.2           3.4       2.8      2.5        2.7
     - Represents zero.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, The National Income and Product Accounts of the United States: Volume 2,
1959-1988; and Survey of Current Business, September 1993, July 1994, and March 1995.
506                                                                                                             Prices

               No. 775. Average Prices of Selected Fuels and Electricity: 1980 to 1993
           [In dollars per unit, except electricity, in cents per kWh. Represents price to end-users, except as noted]
                                                                                 1
            ITEM                                                 Unit                        1980      1984     1985     1986        1987    1988       1989    1990     1991     1992      1993
Crude oil, composite 2 .                 . . Barrel . . . . . 28.07 28.63 26.75 14.55 17.90 14.67 17.97 22.22 19.06 18.43                                                                   16.41
Motor gasoline: 3
Unleaded regular . . . .                 .       .       Gallon. . . .                   .   1.25        1.21     1.20    0.93        0.95      0.95     1.02    1.16     1.14     1.13      1.11
Unleaded premium . . .                   .       .       Gallon. . . .                   .   (NA)        1.37     1.34    1.09        1.09      1.11     1.20    1.35     1.32     1.32      1.30
No. 2 heating oil. . . . .               .       .       Gallon. . . .                   .   0.79        0.92     0.85    0.56        0.58      0.54     0.59    0.73     0.67     0.63      0.60
No. 2 diesel fuel. . . . .               .       .       Gallon. . . .                   .   0.82        0.82     0.79    0.48        0.55      0.50     0.59    0.73     0.65     0.62      0.60
Residual fuel oil . . . . .              .       .       Gallon. . . .                   .   0.61        0.69     0.61    0.34        0.42      0.33     0.39    0.44     0.34     0.34      0.34
Natural gas, residential                 .       .       1,000 cu/ft .                   .   3.68        6.12     6.12    5.83        5.54      5.47     5.64    5.80     5.82     5.89      6.16
Electricity, residential. .              .       .       kWh . . . . .                   .    5.4         7.5      7.8     7.4         7.4       7.5      7.6     7.8      8.1      8.2      8.34
                                             1                                               2                                   3
     NA Not available.                           See headnote.                                   Refiner acquisition cost.            Average, all service.
     Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review.


                                                                         No. 776. Weekly Food Cost: 1990 and 1994
   [In dollars. Assumes that food for all meals and snacks is purchased at the store and prepared at home. See source for
                                               details on estimation procedures]

                                                                                                          DECEMBER 1990                                         JANUARY 1994
               FAMILY TYPE                                                                                 Low-                                                 Low-
                                                                                             Thrifty       cost     Moderate-         Liberal     Thrifty       cost     Moderate-        Liberal
                                                                                              plan                  cost plan          plan        plan                  cost plan         plan
                                                                                                           plan                                                 plan
                     FAMILIES
Family of two:
  20-50 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                 48.10      60.60         74.70         92.70          51.90     65.80          81.00      100.90
  51 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                    45.60      58.30         71.80         85.80          49.10     63.20          77.90       93.30
Family of four:
  Couple, 20-50 years and children—
    1-2 and 3-5 years . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                    70.10      87.30        106.60        131.00          75.60     94.80      115.70         142.40
    6-8 and 9-11 years . . . . . . . . . . .                                                     80.10     102.60        128.30        154.40          86.60    111.30      139.00         167.50
                                                         1
              INDIVIDUALS
Child:
  1-2 years .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       12.70      15.40         18.00         21.80          13.70     16.80          19.60       23.80
  3-5 years .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       13.70      16.80         20.70         24.90          14.70     18.20          22.50       26.90
  6-8 years .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       16.60      22.20         27.90         32.50          18.00     24.10          30.20       35.10
  9-11 years     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       19.80      25.30         32.50         37.60          21.40     27.40          35.20       40.70

Male:
  12-14 years. . . . .               .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       20.60      28.60         35.70         42.00          22.30     31.10          38.70       45.40
  15-19 years. . . . .               .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       21.40      29.60         36.80         42.60          23.10     32.00          39.90       46.20
  20-50 years. . . . .               .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       22.90      29.30         36.60         44.30          24.80     31.90          39.60       48.10
  51 years and over                  .   .   .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .       20.90      27.90         34.30         41.10          22.40     30.30          37.20       44.70
Female:
  12-19 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                 20.80      24.80         30.10         36.30          22.40     26.90          32.60       39.40
  20-54 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                 20.80      25.80         31.30         40.00          22.40     27.90          34.00       43.60
  55 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                    20.60      25.10         31.00         36.90          22.20     27.20          33.60       40.10
    1
      The costs given are for individuals in four-person families. For individuals in other size families, the following adjustments are
suggested: one-person, add 20 percent; two-person, add 10 percent; three-person, add 5 percent; five- or six-person, subtract
5 percent; seven- (or more) person, subtract 10 percent.
     Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, monthly.
                                           Retail Food Prices—Energy Prices                                                                                       507

                         No. 777. Food—Retail Prices of Selected Items: 1988 to 1994
                                        [In dollars per pound, except as indicated. As of December]

                       FOOD                                              1988                        1989         1990         1991       1992         1993      1994
   Cereals and bakery products:
Flour, white, all purpose. . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .                   0.22                   0.24         0.24         0.22       0.23        0.22      0.23
Rice, white, lg. grain, raw. . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .                   0.48                   0.50         0.49         0.51       0.53        0.50      0.53
Spaghetti and macaroni. . . . . . . . . . .          .   .   .                   0.85                   0.87         0.85         0.86       0.86        0.84      0.87
Bread, white, pan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .                   0.66                   0.69         0.70         0.72       0.74        0.76      0.75
   Meats, poultry, fish and eggs:
Ground chuck, 100% beef . . . . . . . . .            .   .   .                   1.79                   1.88         2.02         1.93       1.91        1.91      1.84
Rib roast, USDA Choice . . . . . . . . . .           .   .   .                   4.03                   4.21         4.54         4.59       4.69        4.73      4.88
Round steak, USDA Choice . . . . . . . .             .   .   .                   3.01                   3.17         3.42         3.38       3.34        3.32      3.24
Sirloin steak, bone-in . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .                   3.23                   3.46         3.65         3.78       3.75        3.69      (NA)
T-bone steak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .                   4.97                   5.04         5.45         5.21       5.39        5.77      5.86
   Pork:
Bacon, sliced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .                   1.79                   1.96         2.28         1.99       1.86        2.02      1.89
Chops, center cut, bone-in . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .                   2.65                   2.85         3.32         3.12       3.15        3.24      3.03
Shoulder picnic, bone-in, smoked . . . .             .   .   .                   1.10                   1.17         1.41         1.30       1.18        1.19      1.13
Sausage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .                   1.92                   2.12         2.42         2.24       2.14        1.99      1.85
   Poultry:
Chicken, fresh, whole . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .                   0.89                   0.88         0.86         0.86       0.88        0.91      0.90
Chicken breast, bone-in. . . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .                   2.06                   2.01         2.00         2.02       2.08        2.17      1.91
Chicken legs, bone-in . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .                   1.17                   1.14         1.17         1.14       1.14        1.13      1.12
Turkey, frozen, whole . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .                   0.97                   0.95         0.96         0.91       0.93        0.95      0.98
Eggs, Grade A, large, (dozen) . . . . . .            .   .   .                   0.83                   1.14         1.00         1.01       0.93        0.87      0.87
   Dairy products:
Milk, fresh, whole, fortified (1/2 gal.). . .         ...                         1.21                   1.37         1.39         1.40       1.39        1.43      1.44
Butter, salted, grade AA, stick . . . . . . .        ...                         2.15                   2.11         1.92         1.94       1.64        1.61      1.54
Ice cream, prepack., bulk,reg.(1/2 gal.).            ...                         2.54                   2.67         2.54         2.63       2.49        2.59      2.62
      Fruits and vegetables:
   Fresh fruits and vegetables:
Apples, red Delicious . . . . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .                   0.71                   0.57         0.77         0.86       0.76        0.78      0.72
Bananas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .                   0.41                   0.42         0.43         0.42       0.40        0.41      0.46
Oranges, navel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .                   0.56                   0.53         0.56         0.65       0.52        0.56      0.55
Grapefruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .                   0.45                   0.47         0.56         0.53       0.52        0.50      0.47
Lemons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .                   0.91                   0.96         0.97         1.21       0.90        1.05      1.04
Pears, Anjou . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .                   0.64                   0.76         0.79         0.88       0.80        0.89      (NA)
Potatoes, white . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .                   0.30                   0.31         0.32         0.28       0.31        0.36      0.34
Lettuce, iceberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .                   0.77                   0.52         0.58         0.69       0.66        0.53      0.91
Tomatoes, field grown . . . . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .                   0.81                   0.90         0.86         0.79       1.23        1.31      1.43
Cabbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .                   0.33                   0.34         0.39         0.46       0.38        0.37      0.45
Carrots, short trimmed and topped . . .              .   .   .                   0.39                   0.35         0.44         0.51       0.44        0.41      0.48
Celery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .                   0.44                   0.46         0.49         0.45       0.48        0.49      0.52
Cucumbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      .   .   .                   0.49                   0.64         0.56         0.55       0.51        0.93      0.69
   Processed fruits and vegetables:
Orange juice, frozen concentrate,
  12 oz. can, per 16 oz. . . . . . . . . . . .       ...                         1.82                   1.80         2.02         1.74       1.70        1.67      1.55
Potatoes, frozen, french fried . . . . . . .         ...                         0.70                   0.80         0.85         0.92       0.86        0.87      0.84


                No. 778. Average Price of Energy in Selected Metropolitan Areas: 1994
           [In dollars per unit shown. As of January. One therm contains approximately 100 cubic feet of natural gas.
                                                       See Appendix II]

                                                                                                       Utility   Electricity   Fuel oil               GASOLINE
                                                                                                      (piped)
                             CITY/MSA                                                                gas (100      (500         No. 2       All       Unleaded Unleaded
                                                                                                                   kWh)        (gallon)   types   1
                                                                                                                                                       regular premium
                                                                                                     therms)
      U.S. city average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 66.47          48.2        0.92       1.11        1.04     1.24
Baltimore, MD MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      64.44        48.62         1.01      1.16         1.07     1.26
Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA. . .                           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      94.34        57.26         0.92      1.14         1.05     1.30
Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA                          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      68.07        45.07         0.99      1.11         1.05     1.24
Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA . . . . . .                      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      55.06        54.24         (NA)      1.03         1.00     1.17

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA . . . . . . . . . .                   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      57.21        50.81         (NA)      1.07         1.00     1.17
Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA. . . . . . . . . . .                  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      52.91        49.27         0.93      0.98         0.94     1.12
Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX CMSA . . .                        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      52.19        43.77         (NA)      1.04         0.96     1.17
Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA CMSA                           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .      67.12         61.5         (NA)      1.20         1.13     1.34
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     .      90.39        43.83         (NA)      1.22         1.15     1.35
New York-N. NJ-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT CMSA . . . . . .                                            .      96.89        72.47         1.01      1.21         1.11     1.35
Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA.                                               .      74.92         59.1         0.91      1.16         1.03     1.27
Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                    .      65.15        54.82         (NA)      1.09         1.01     1.24

St. Louis-East St. Louis, MO-IL CMSA . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                          60.99        41.49         (NA)      0.95         0.88     1.09
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA CMSA . . . . . . . .                                                 62.05        62.98         (NA)      1.21         1.14     1.37
Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                          77.73        42.52         1.05      1.18         1.09     1.29
                              1
     NA Not available.            Includes types of gasoline not shown separately.
     Source of tables 777 and 778: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, CPI Detailed Report, January issues.
508                                                                                                       Prices

                    No. 779 Import Price Indexes—Selected Commodities: 1985 to 1994
[1990=100. Indexes are weighted by the 1990 Tariff Schedule of the United States Annotated, a scheme for describing and report-
ing product composition and value of U.S. imports. Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by importer. F.o.b. = Free
on board; c.i.f. = Cost, insurance, and freight; n.e.s.=Not elsewhere specified]
                                                                                                                                          1
                            COMMODITY                                                                     1985     1988    1989    1990       1991    1992    1993    1994
       All commodities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                       80.2    93.9    96.8     96.1      98.8   100.3   100.5   101.9

Food and live animals . . . . . . .         ................                                          .     87.2   100.5    98.2     98.6     102.4    97.9   101.1   109.0
  Meat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     ................                                          .     68.8    78.4    80.3    100.0     105.6    94.9    99.3    91.0
     Meat of bovine animals. . .            ................                                          .     77.1    91.2    95.2     98.5     100.8    91.1   100.8    86.5
  Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    ................                                          .     75.5    99.1    94.1     96.7     107.6   107.9   107.9   121.2
     Crustaceans; fresh, chilled,           frozen, salted or dried .                                 .     85.0   105.2    98.4     97.4     107.3   105.4   106.4   129.8

    Cereals and cereal preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           63.2    91.0    91.2     98.7      96.4    99.3   102.9   102.0
    Sugar 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                 87.4    94.0    95.5     99.7      96.7    95.3    95.1    98.2
    Coffee, tea and cocoa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                      145.1   140.0   128.0     99.4      93.2    77.3    81.2   137.1
Beverages and tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         77.1    90.3    91.1     99.2     110.8   113.4   112.6   113.2
  Beverages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     75.9    92.0    92.6     99.3     110.3   112.5   112.9   112.8

Crude materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     77.8   106.6   111.6    101.9      95.9    95.8    95.3   106.7
  Crude rubber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     98.3   147.1   100.6    101.2      98.4   100.8   102.9   106.3
  Cork and wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     93.4    99.1   100.0    102.4     107.7   116.8   130.3   159.9
  Pulp and waste paper . . . . . . . . .              .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     56.9    90.1   106.6    102.8      79.2    74.4    63.7    70.1
  Crude fertilizers and minerals . . . .              .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    102.8   103.1   106.9     99.6     100.9    89.0    82.5    82.3
  Metalliferous ores and metal scrap .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     59.9   105.1   133.1    100.8      93.6    91.1    88.3    89.6

Crude animal and vegetable materials, n.e.s. . . . . . . . .                                                83.9   131.2    97.6    103.9     103.7   107.2   106.1   131.2
Mineral fuels and related products . . . . . . .                      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    114.5    72.8    84.2     73.1      83.2    86.7    79.9    76.3
  Crude petroleum and petroleum products                              .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    112.1    71.7    83.8     72.0      82.8    86.7    79.2    75.7
    Crude petroleum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    123.8    70.9    82.7     66.8      81.4    87.8    76.6    73.6
  Natural gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     (NA)    (NA)    88.5     89.4      88.1    83.7    90.3    83.7
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes . . . . . . . . . .                                              115.5   116.8   123.3    100.6     102.2   134.9   117.8   135.1
Chemicals and related products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                            83.7    97.0   100.4     98.5     100.7   101.7   102.8   102.6
Intermediate manufactured products                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     73.1    97.4   100.3     99.5      99.2    99.4    99.3   101.0
   Rubber manufactures . . . . . . . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     85.9    93.0    96.9     99.8     100.6   102.0   103.8   102.4
   Cork and wood manufactures . . .               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     69.0    96.1    97.2    100.4      98.6   108.1   120.6   126.5
   Paper and paperboard products .                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     82.7    98.0   100.0    100.4     101.0    94.1    96.7    95.6
   Textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     77.6    94.6    95.8     98.7     103.0   106.0   108.1   108.9
   Nonmetallic mineral manufactures               .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     60.1    89.0    93.4     99.8     103.3   105.5   108.0   108.5
   Iron and steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .     79.3   100.7   105.8     99.7      99.3    97.6    98.2    99.1
    Nonferrous metals. . .         ....    ................                                       .   .    69.0    109.9   109.2     98.7      89.0    88.6    76.6    85.2
      Silver, platinum and         other   platinum group metals .                                .   .    71.2    102.7    89.6     93.6      90.2    75.5    69.1    74.8
      Copper . . . . . . . .       ....    ................                                       .   .    57.6     85.3    98.5     98.6      88.7    88.5    75.9    89.3
      Nickel . . . . . . . . .     ....    ................                                       .   .    62.4    154.9   152.2     95.5      97.6    87.5    72.9    75.3
      Aluminum. . . . . . .        ....    ................                                       .   .    (NA)    131.6   117.3     98.7      85.8    86.4    79.1    89.6
      Zinc . . . . . . . . . .     ....    ................                                       .   .    56.7     76.2   108.9    113.4      77.2    89.3    67.7    65.8
    Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         72.9    93.2    97.4     98.9     101.2   103.0   104.5   104.6
Machinery and transport equipment . . . . . . . . .                               .   .   .   .   .   .     75.1    96.6    98.1     98.7     101.6   103.5   105.0   106.8
  Machinery specialized for particular industries                                 .   .   .   .   .   .     59.1    91.8    89.3     97.3     101.7   105.4   107.5   109.7
  Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                            .   .   .   .   .   .     64.8    93.9    92.0     98.7     100.6   103.9   107.7   110.1
  General industrial machinery, parts, n.e.s. . . .                               .   .   .   .   .   .     62.6    91.8    91.3     97.7     101.5   104.9   107.0   109.0
    Computer equipment and office machines . . . . . . . . .                                                85.0   103.1   103.0     99.8      97.3    95.7    91.9    87.1
      Computer equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         112.8   107.6   105.0    100.3      96.9    92.4    85.5    76.5
                               3
    Telecommunications             ......................                                                   90.1   102.3   104.1    100.2      97.8    97.1    98.0    97.4
    Electrical machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                            77.4    95.9   100.1     98.7     100.6   102.1   103.9   106.1
      Electronic valves, diodes, transistors & integr. cir. . .                                             98.7    99.9   110.0     98.2      99.5    99.4   104.3   108.0
    Road vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     75.1    97.0    98.5     98.4     103.5   105.6   108.4   112.7
Miscellaneous manufactured articles . . . . . . . . . .                                   .   .   .   .     74.3    94.2    94.9     98.9     100.6   103.7   105.2   105.4
  Plumbing, heating & lighting fixtures . . . . . . . . .                                  .   .   .   .     68.9    88.7    91.9     98.4      98.0   101.5   102.0    99.6
  Furniture and parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             .   .   .   .     74.0    93.0    94.0     99.1     101.2   103.4   104.1   103.9
  Articles of apparel and clothing . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .   .   .   .     81.7    94.1    98.1    100.5      98.8   101.8   102.1   102.2
  Footwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          .   .   .   .     70.6    93.3    92.0     99.0     100.9   102.6   101.2   100.2
  Prof., scientific & contrlng instr & appratus, n.e.s.                                    .   .   .   .     64.4    95.5    91.4     97.5     102.1   104.4   110.5   113.0
  Photographic apparatus 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                .   .   .   .     73.5    96.1    95.1     98.0     100.1   102.9   106.9   109.1
  Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s. . . . .                                     .   .   .   .     71.1    94.3    93.8     97.9     101.8   106.0   108.3   108.5
    NA Not available. 1 June 1990 may not equal 100 because indexes were reweighted to an ‘‘average’’ trade value in 1990.
2
 Includes sugar preparations and honey. 3 Includes sound recording and reproducing equipment. 4 Includes photographic
supplies, optical goods, watches, and clocks.
      Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, News, quarterly.
                                                                           Export Price Indexes                                                                   509

                   No. 780. Export Price Indexes—Selected Commodities: 1985 to 1994
[1990=100. Indexes are weighted by 1980 export values according to the Schedule B classification system of the U.S. Bureau of
the Census. Prices used in these indexes were collected from a sample of U.S. manufacturers of exports and are factory trans-
action prices, except as noted. F.a.s. = free alongside ship. N.e.s. = not elsewhere specified. F.o.b. = free on board]
                                                                                                                                      1
                           COMMODITY                                                                   1985    1988    1989    1990       1991    1992    1993    1994
     All commodities. . . . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    88.4    96.6    99.7     99.5     100.6   101.0   101.4   103.2
Food and live animals . . . . . . . . .        .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    96.3    99.1   110.6    104.3     100.7   102.8    97.8   103.9
  Meat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    78.6   104.3   102.0     98.5     101.9   106.1   111.6   107.3
  Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    78.5   112.5   123.2     98.4      94.7    98.1    96.5    98.0
  Cereals and cereal preparations              .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   109.3    93.0   113.5    108.6      96.8   104.8    90.9   101.8
     Wheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   115.5   101.6   134.4    112.1      91.2   108.4    94.1    91.2
     Rice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   110.9   115.5   104.5    101.7     112.1   106.7    92.5   113.6
     Maize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   107.8    86.8   105.2    108.6      97.8   102.2    87.7   105.6
     Other cereals . . . . . . . . . . .       .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   105.0    86.5   103.6    104.7      97.6   104.6    88.7   112.0
  Fruits and vegetables . . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    88.6    92.4   100.6    102.0     121.5   100.0   103.0   109.6
  Feeding stuff for animals . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    74.9   130.3   118.8     97.6     100.0   102.2   100.7   106.2
  Miscellaneous food products . . .            .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    90.6    93.2    97.9     99.9     100.5   100.2   100.3    97.8
Beverages and tobacco . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                       79.9    88.3    93.8     99.3     105.7   109.8   113.1   113.5
  Tobacco and tobacco manufactures . . . . . . . . . . . .                                              79.6    88.1    93.8     99.4     105.7   109.6   112.8   113.1
Crude materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                    .   .   .   .   .   .   .    74.4   102.4   104.7    100.5      95.4    93.4    99.6   108.1
  Raw hides and skins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        .   .   .   .   .   .   .    63.3   108.3    97.4    105.2      81.5    80.8    79.2    94.4
  Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits . . . . . . . .                          .   .   .   .   .   .   .    92.8   125.8   114.3     97.1      99.4    98.4    97.9   112.9
  Crude rubber, f.a.s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                     .   .   .   .   .   .   .    85.6    91.0    98.3     99.1     103.2   101.0    99.2    96.1
  Cork and wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      .   .   .   .   .   .   .    56.2    85.2    97.2    102.1      97.9   110.1   161.4   149.4
  Pulp and waste paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .   .   .   .   .    57.6   103.2   111.2    100.2      86.6    82.6    70.2    94.6
  Textile fibers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    85.3    90.6    95.3    102.6     107.0    86.0    83.5   105.0
    Cotton textile fibers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       .   .   .   .   .   .   .    87.4    92.0    93.8    103.7     107.9    79.7    77.5   101.3
  Crude fertilizers and minerals . . . . . . . . .                         .   .   .   .   .   .   .   100.8    94.6    99.6    100.1     101.1    99.7    95.0    95.6
  Metalliferous ores and metal scrap . . . . . .                           .   .   .   .   .   .   .    70.7   102.3   110.1     99.9      89.1    85.1    83.9    91.2
    Ferrous waste and scrap . . . . . . . . . .                            .   .   .   .   .   .   .    73.0   107.6   112.4     99.8      93.4    82.2    99.0    95.6
    Nonferrous base metal waste and scrap                                  .   .   .   .   .   .   .    56.5   106.1   112.5     99.4      84.2    86.0    72.2    92.7
Mineral fuels and related materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                        104.6    84.4    88.4     91.1      89.9    86.5    88.0    87.4
  Coal, coke and briquettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                      103.1    94.5    96.8    100.1      98.6    96.9    93.9    93.9
  Crude petroleum and petroleum products . . . . . . . .                                                (NA)    75.1    81.4     83.9      80.1    77.2    80.7    80.3

Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes . . . . . . . . .                                            123.5   105.9    95.1    103.0      93.8    94.9    98.4   110.0
Chemicals and related products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                          84.5   102.6   102.9     97.4      99.7    97.4    96.1    99.0
  Organic chemicals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                      80.5   115.7   116.0     94.9      94.6    91.5    90.5    92.7
    Hydrocarbons, n.e.s. and derivatives, f.a.s. . . . . .                                              73.9   123.2   114.8     93.3      76.2    77.8    80.1    92.4
    Alcohols, phenols, phenol-alcohols, & deriv., f.a.s. .                                              78.6   113.2   147.1     96.3     101.8    93.1    93.2    89.3
  Chemical materials and products, n.e.s. . . . . . . . . .                                             86.7    88.3    95.0     98.7     103.4   102.9   105.7   108.7
Intermediate manufactured products                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    81.3    95.5    99.9     99.8     100.1   100.6   100.7   104.4
   Rubber manufactures . . . . . . . .             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    86.6    94.0    97.6     98.9     105.0   105.6   108.5   109.2
   Paper and paperboard products .                 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    76.7    98.6   102.1     99.5      99.5    98.4    93.9    96.2
   Textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    84.3    90.8    97.1     99.6     104.1   105.6   106.8   106.7
   Nonmetallic mineral manufactures                .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    (NA)    89.6    96.1     99.6     101.2   103.5   105.4   107.3
   Nonferrous metals. . . . . . . . . . .          .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    77.1   108.4   110.2    100.2      88.1    87.9    81.3    92.5
   Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.. . .             .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    84.9    91.7    97.1     99.8     102.7   103.6   105.1   107.3
Machinery and transport equipment 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           90.7    94.3    97.2     99.8     102.9   104.4   104.5   104.1
  Power generating machinery 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           85.2    92.3    96.0     99.8     104.7   109.6   110.7   112.8
    Rotating electric plant and parts thereof, n.e.s. . . .                                             76.8    89.7    95.0     99.7     101.9   104.7   106.1   107.4
  Machinery specialized for particular industries . . . . .                                             87.7    90.8    95.4     99.3     103.3   105.5   108.0   109.8
    Agricultural machinery and parts 4 . . . . . . . . . . .                                            89.4    91.6    94.2    100.0     102.1   104.9   107.3   109.4
    Civil engineering and contractors, plant and equip.                                                 90.7    89.0    95.2     98.8     103.9   102.0   105.5   109.6
  Metalworking machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                        82.1    91.2    96.5     99.6     106.5   109.1   111.0   110.7
  General industrial machines, parts, n.e.s. . . . . . . . .                                            84.4    91.2    95.6     99.7     103.7   106.1   108.3   110.1
  Computer equipment and office machines . . . . . . . .                                               105.9   101.5   100.6    100.3      98.4    94.7    87.7    81.0
    Computer equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         113.0   105.1   101.7    100.3      97.8    94.0    83.5    75.2
  Telecommunications 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                        89.6    94.1    96.8    100.1     106.4   108.3   109.4   107.3
  Electrical machinery and equipment . . . . . . . . . . . .                                            93.8    96.1    99.0     99.9     100.6   103.6   103.5   103.2
    Electronic valves, diodes, transistors & integr. cir. .                                            106.5   103.5   100.1    100.6      98.5   103.7   102.3   100.0
  Road vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     89.8    94.1    96.8     99.6     102.4   104.0   105.2   106.3
  Other transport equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         81.7    90.2    94.4     99.8     112.4   113.0   117.4   120.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           85.4    92.0    96.1     99.1     104.2   106.2   106.9   107.1
    NA Not available. 1 June 1990 may not equal 100 because indexes were reweighted to an ‘‘average’’ trade value in 1990.
2
  Excludes military and commercial aircraft. 3 Includes equipment. 4 Excludes tractors. 5 Includes sound recording and
reproducing equipment.
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, News, quarterly.
510                                                                      Prices

               No. 781. Refiner/Reseller Sales Price of Gasoline, by State: 1991 to 1993
  [In cents per gallon. As of March. Represents all refinery and gas plant operators’ sales through company-operated retail
                                       outlets. Gasoline prices exclude excise taxes]

                                        Gaso-      AVERAGE, ALL                                       UNLEADED
                                          line       GRADES              LEADED REGULAR               REGULAR                     PREMIUM
          STATE                         excise
                                         taxes
                                        1993 1   1991    1992    1993    1991    1992     1993     1991    1992    1993    1991    1992     1993

         United States .                    18    76.5    72.2    75.5    71.6    70.7     75.2     73.6    68.3    71.6    87.3    84.3     87.8

Northeast:
 New England:
  Maine. . . . . . . .          .   .       19    90.0    80.8    80.9   (NA)       (2)      (2)    86.9    77.0    76.4   102.2    93.2     93.6
  New Hampshire .               .   .       18    85.2    79.6    80.3    (D)       (2)      (2)    82.0    75.3    75.2    95.7    92.3     94.6
  Vermont . . . . . .           .   .       15    91.6    83.6    82.7    (D)       (2)      (2)    88.2    79.8    78.1   102.8    93.7     94.8
  Massachusetts . .             .   .       21    83.1    76.5    79.0   86.4      (D)       (2)    78.8    71.0    73.3    94.4    88.4     92.6
  Rhode Island . . .            .   .       28    82.9    74.4    77.6   (NA)       (2)      (2)    78.9    69.4    72.2    91.7    83.6     87.3
  Connecticut . . . .           .   .       29    83.0    78.3    81.6    (D)       (2)      (2)    78.5    72.7    75.3    93.7    89.8     96.2
 Middle Atlantic:
  New York . . . . .            ..           8    87.0    74.8    75.8   87.1     74.9      (D)     83.2    70.1    70.5    99.5    88.6     91.1
  New Jersey . . . .            ..          11    83.4    77.8    85.4   (NA)       (2)      (2)    77.9    70.5    77.1    94.2    89.3     98.9
  Pennsylvania . . .            ..          12    82.4    72.5    72.3    (D)       (2)      (2)    78.5    67.7    67.2    94.2    85.2     84.9
Midwest:
 East North Central:
  Ohio . . . . . . . . .            .       22    73.4    73.3    71.4    78.4    74.0     71.0     70.7    70.0    68.1    84.6    85.2     80.2
  Indiana . . . . . . . .           .       15    77.3    68.9    71.6    84.8    80.3     79.3     75.0    66.1    69.2    87.6    78.1     76.7
  Illinois. . . . . . . . .         .       19    76.1    69.6    74.1    88.2    72.7     80.9     73.4    66.3    71.0    86.2    81.3     83.6
  Michigan . . . . . . .            .       15    74.0    67.2    70.8    79.2    76.4     81.6     71.7    64.4    68.2    84.9    79.1     80.0
  Wisconsin . . . . . .             .       23    76.8    69.2    73.5    82.2    74.8     77.5     75.1    67.2    71.4    86.6    78.3     84.1
 West North Central:
  Minnesota . . . . . .             .       20    77.6    73.0    81.1    79.3    73.3     80.2     76.1    71.4    79.3    85.0    80.3     90.2
  Iowa . . . . . . . . .            .       20    80.0    70.9    72.9    83.7    77.5     75.2     79.1    69.9    71.9    86.4    78.3     81.3
  Missouri . . . . . . .            .       13    75.6    68.4    69.8    78.7    70.3     73.6     73.1    65.4    66.9    85.5    79.3     78.3
  North Dakota . . . .              .       17    82.8    79.1    85.1    85.5    81.6     89.8     82.2    78.4    84.0    85.6    85.1     93.2
  South Dakota . . .                .       18    80.8    75.9    78.2    80.2    77.1     85.1     79.9    75.1    76.9    90.4    86.2     89.1
  Nebraska . . . . . .              .       23    80.9    73.5    76.8    78.6    75.3     79.2     79.0    72.4    75.7    87.9    80.7     85.2
  Kansas . . . . . . . .            .       18    76.2    72.2    73.1    77.8    74.0     75.5     74.9    70.5    71.3    85.3    82.5     84.8
South:
 South Atlantic:
  Delaware . . . . . . .                    22    83.8    74.0    74.8   (NA)       (2)      (2)    78.8    68.6    69.7    98.4    87.7     88.3
  Maryland . . . . . . .                    24    78.8    78.1    75.5   (NA)       (2)      (2)    73.0    72.2    70.0    93.3    91.1     87.9
  District of Columbia.                     20     (D)     (D)     (D)    (D)       (2)      (2)     (D)     (D)     (D)     (D)     (D)      (D)
  Virginia . . . . . . . . .                18    77.2    73.3    75.4   72.4      (D)       (2)    72.7    67.7    69.2    89.1    86.6     89.6
  West Virginia . . . . .                   21    81.1    76.8    78.4    (D)      (D)       (2)    76.9    72.3    73.6    95.8    89.4     90.7
  North Carolina . . . .                    22    76.2    69.9    71.2    (D)      (D)       (2)    72.3    64.5    65.9    88.3    83.3     84.5
  South Carolina . . . .                    16    75.6    69.3    69.8    (D)      (D)       (2)    71.3    64.5    64.7    91.0    84.7     85.5
  Georgia . . . . . . . .                    8    75.9    70.8    72.6   75.9     64.8     73.1     71.3    74.9    77.1    89.2    84.9     86.9
  Florida . . . . . . . . .                  4    78.5    72.2    77.2      -      (D)       (2)    73.9    66.1    70.6    89.1    84.7     91.2
 East South Central:
  Kentucky . . . . . . .                    15    78.6    72.3    72.9    83.8    70.3      (D)     75.5    68.8    68.4    90.2    82.9     84.9
  Tennessee . . . . . .                     20    74.4    70.3    72.5     (D)     (D)      (D)     70.0    64.9    66.4    87.5    82.9     85.9
  Alabama . . . . . . . .                   16    78.4    73.6    74.5     (D)     (D)      (D)     75.1    69.4    69.7    90.1    86.3     87.6
  Mississippi . . . . . .                   18    78.9    70.6    74.5     (D)     (D)      (D)     75.2    66.7    69.9    90.4    81.5     86.7
 West South Central:
  Arkansas . . . . . . .                    19    77.5    70.1    72.8    79.5    67.3     67.8     74.8    66.9    69.3    90.6    81.9     86.0
  Louisiana . . . . . . .                   20    77.2    73.6    75.3     (D)     (D)      (D)     73.2    68.5    69.8    88.4    85.2     88.3
  Oklahoma . . . . . . .                    16    75.8    69.5    71.5    77.6    69.1     75.7     74.3    67.3    69.1    81.6    78.3     82.3
  Texas . . . . . . . . . .                 20    76.1    72.4    74.8    79.0    71.4     79.4     73.1    67.7    70.0    85.5    83.9     87.7
West:
 Mountain:
  Montana . . .     .   .   .   .   .       24    81.3    73.1    77.1    80.4    73.3     76.5     90.6    71.9    76.4    86.6    78.1     81.9
  Idaho . . . . .   .   .   .   .   .       22    67.0    71.7    72.6    66.0    71.1     72.4     66.4    70.8    71.7    77.8    81.1     82.4
  Wyoming . .       .   .   .   .   .        9    79.4    77.7    80.2    78.9    77.0     79.7     78.2    76.5    78.9    87.0    85.8     88.4
  Colorado. . .     .   .   .   .   .       22    73.4    74.7    80.4    73.3    75.3     83.3     71.3    71.8    77.0    83.0    84.4     93.3
  New Mexico        .   .   .   .   .       22    77.8    73.7    85.9    75.6    72.3     85.0     76.9    72.2    84.4    88.1    85.7     97.7
  Arizona. . . .    .   .   .   .   .       18    78.6    73.3    84.6    75.9    69.2     79.7     77.5    71.7    83.2    89.3    87.0     99.3
  Utah . . . . .    .   .   .   .   .       19    66.2    69.2    74.8    65.3    71.1     75.7     64.4    66.9    72.0    73.8    76.3     82.3
  Nevada . . .      .   .   .   .   .       23    79.2    77.8    83.1    74.5    73.4     81.2     77.6    76.1    80.6    90.4    90.1     97.1
 Pacific:
  Washington .      .   .   .   .   .       23    72.4    69.8    69.6   68.1     64.7     64.0     71.1    68.3    68.0    84.3    84.0     84.9
  Oregon . . . .    .   .   .   .   .       24    75.8    78.3    79.9   71.5     73.7     74.5     75.1    77.5    78.9    89.8    92.3     96.1
  California . .    .   .   .   .   .       17    65.3    73.7    84.4   61.4       (2)     (D)     63.2    69.9    80.6    75.2    85.4     98.6
  Alaska . . . .    .   .   .   .   .        8   108.7   103.9   107.7   (NA)    100.0    104.7    108.6   104.4    (NA)   109.2   103.6    109.1
  Hawaii . . . .    .   .   .   .   .       16    99.1   104.2   108.5   (NA)       (2)      (2)    93.0    97.5   103.0   110.3   115.3    119.2
   - Represents zero. D Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. NA Not available. 1 Source: U.S. Advisory
Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Significant Features of Fiscal Federalism, annual, vol. I, based on CCH, State Tax
Reporter. 2 No data reported.
     Source: Except as noted, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Marketing Monthly.

								
To top