36B Household Appliances Industry

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36B Household Appliances Industry Powered By Docstoc
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    Census of
    Manufactures
    MC92-I-36B


    INDUSTRY SERIES


    Household
    Appliances
    Industries 3631, 3632, 3633, 3634, 3635,
    and 3639




    U.S. Department of Commerce
    Economics and Statistics Administration
    BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
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                                                                                                  Census of
                                                                                                Manufactures
                                                                                                                                           MC92-I-36B


                                                                                                                      INDUSTRY SERIES


                                                                                                                     Household
                                                                                                                     Appliances
                                                              Industries 3631, 3632, 3633, 3634, 3635,
                                                                                             and 3639


                                                                                                                        +                                   +




                                                                                                                     U.S. Department of Commerce
                                                                                                                        Ronald H. Brown, Secretary
                                                                                                                      David J. Barram, Deputy Secretary
                                                                                                              Economics and Statistics Administration
                                                                                                                   Everett M. Ehrlich, Under Secretary
                                                                                                                                   for Economic Affairs
                                                                                                                               BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
                                                                                                                        Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director
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                  Acknowledgments
                     Many persons participated in the various activities of the 1992 Census of Manufactures. The
                  overall planning and review of the census operations were performed by the Economic Census
                  Staff of the Economic Planning and Coordination Division.
                     Manufacturing and Construction Division prepared this report. David W. Cartwright, Assistant
                  Chief for Census and Related Programs, was responsible for the overall planning, management,
                  and coordination of the census of manufactures. Planning and implementation were under the
                  direction of Bruce M. Goldhirsch, Chief, Electrical and Transportation Branch, assisted by
                  Raphael S. Corrado, Section Chief, with primary staff assistance by Belva Kirk.
                     Brian Greenberg, Assistant Chief for Research and Methodology Programs, assisted by
                  Stacey Cole, provided the mathematical and statistical techniques as well as the coverage
                  operations.
                     Baruti A. Taylor, under the direction of A. William Visnansky, Chief, Special Reports Branch,
                  performed overall coordination of the publication process. Julius Smith, Jr. and Andrew W. Hait
                  provided primary staff assistance.
                     The Economic Planning and Coordination Division provided the computer processing proce-
                  dures. Shirin A. Ahmed, Assistant Chief for Post Data Collection Processing, was responsible for
                  editing and the analysts’ interactive database review and correction system. Design and
                  specifications were prepared under the supervision of Dennis L. Wagner, Chief, Post Collection
                  Census Branch, assisted by S. Mark Schmidt and Robert A. Rosati.
                     The staff of the Data Preparation Division, Judith N. Petty, Acting Chief, performed mailout
                  preparation and receipt operations, clerical and analytical review activities, data keying, and
                  geocoding review.
                     The Geography Division staff developed geographic coding procedures and associated
                  computer programs.
                     The Economic Statistical Methods and Programming Division, Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief,
                  developed and coordinated the computer processing systems. Martin S. Harahush, Assistant
                  Chief for Quinquennial Programs, was responsible for design and implementation of the computer
                  systems. Gary T. Sheridan, Chief, Manufactures and Construction Branch, assisted by Gerald S.
                  Turnage, supervised the preparation of the computer programs.
                     Computer Services Division, Marvin D. Raines, Chief, performed the computer processing.
                     The staff of the Administrative and Publications Services Division, Walter C. Odom, Chief,
                  performed publication planning, design, composition, editorial review, and printing planning and
                  procurement for publications and report forms. Cynthia G. Brooks provided publication coordi-
                  nation and editing.
                     Special acknowledgment is also due the many businesses whose cooperation has contributed
                  to the publication of these data.


                      If you have any questions concerning the statistics in this report, call 301-457-4817.
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            Economics and Statistics                                                        BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
             Administration                                                                 Martha Farnsworth Riche, Director
            Everett M. Ehrlich, Under Secretary                                             Harry A. Scarr, Deputy Director
             for Economic Affairs
                                                                                            Paula J. Schneider, Principal Associate
                                                                                             Director for Programs
                                                                                            Frederick T. Knickerbocker, Associate
                                                                                             Director for Economic Programs
                                                                                            Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Assistant Director
                                                                                             for Economic Programs
                                                                                            ECONOMIC PLANNING AND COORDINATION
                                                                                             DIVISION
                                                                                            John P. Govoni, Chief
                                                                                            MANUFACTURING AND CONSTRUCTION DIVISION
                                                                                            John P. Govoni, Acting Chief




                                For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
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Introduction to
the Economic Census


PURPOSES AND USES OF THE ECONOMIC                                                                Special programs also cover enterprise statistics and
CENSUS                                                                                        minority-owned and women-owned businesses. (The 1992
                                                                                              Census of Agriculture and 1992 Census of Governments
   The economic census is the major source of facts about                                     are conducted separately.) The next economic census is
the structure and functioning of the Nation’s economy. It                                     scheduled to be taken in 1998 covering the year 1997.
provides essential information for government, business,
industry, and the general public.
   The economic census furnishes an important part of the                                     AVAILABILITY OF THE DATA
framework for such composite measures as the gross
domestic product, input/ output measures, production and                                         The results of the economic census are available in
price indexes, and other statistical series that measure                                      printed reports for sale by the U.S. Government Printing
short-term changes in economic conditions.                                                    Office and on compact discs for sale by the Census
   Policymaking agencies of the Federal Government use                                        Bureau. Order forms for all types of products are available
the data, especially in monitoring economic activity and                                      on request from Customer Services, Bureau of the Census,
providing assistance to business.                                                             Washington, DC 20233-8300. A more complete descrip-
                                                                                              tion of publications being issued from this census is on the
   State and local governments use the data to assess
                                                                                              inside back cover of this document.
business activities and tax bases within their jurisdictions
and to develop programs to attract business.                                                     Census facts are also widely disseminated by trade
                                                                                              associations, business journals, and newspapers. Vol-
   Trade associations study trends in their own and com-
                                                                                              umes containing census statistics are available in most
peting industries and keep their members informed of
                                                                                              major public and college libraries. Finally, State data
market changes.
                                                                                              centers in every State as well as business and industry
   Individual businesses use the data to locate potential                                     data centers in many States also supply economic census
markets and to analyze their own production and sales                                         statistics.
performance relative to industry or area averages.

                                                                                              WHAT’S NEW IN 1992
AUTHORITY AND SCOPE
                                                                                                  The 1992 Economic Census covers more of the economy
  Title 13 of the United States Code (sections 131, 191,                                      than any previous census. New for 1992 are data on
and 224) directs the Census Bureau to take the economic                                       communications, utilities, financial, insurance, and real
census every 5 years, covering years ending in 2 and 7.                                       estate, as well as coverage of more transportation indus-
The 1992 Economic Census consists of the following eight                                      tries. The economic, agriculture, and governments cen-
censuses:                                                                                     suses now collectively cover nearly 98 percent of all
• Census of Retail Trade                                                                      economic activity.
                                                                                                  Among other changes, new 1992 definitions affect the
• Census of Wholesale Trade                                                                   boundaries of about a third of all metropolitan areas. Also,
• Census of Service Industries                                                                the Survey of Women-Owned Businesses has now been
                                                                                              expanded to include all corporations.
• Census of Financial, Insurance, and Real Estate
  Industries
                                                                                              HISTORICAL INFORMATION
• Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities
                                                                                                 The economic census has been taken as an integrated
• Census of Manufactures                                                                      program at 5-year intervals since 1967 and before that for
• Census of Mineral Industries                                                                1963, 1958, and 1954. Prior to that time, the individual
                                                                                              subcomponents of the economic census were taken sepa-
• Census of Construction Industries                                                           rately at varying intervals.

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                       INTRODUCTION III
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    The economic census traces its beginnings to the 1810                                        The Survey of Minority-Owned Business Enterprises
Decennial Census, when questions on manufacturing were                                        was first conducted as a special project in 1969 and was
included with those for population. Coverage of economic                                      incorporated into the economic census in 1972 along with
activities was expanded for 1840 and subsequent cen-                                          the Survey of Women-Owned Businesses.
suses to include mining and some commercial activities. In                                       An economic census has also been taken in Puerto
1902, Congress established a permanent Census Bureau                                          Rico since 1909, in the Virgin Islands of the United States
and directed that a census of manufactures be taken every                                     and Guam since 1958, and in the Commonwealth of the
5 years. The 1905 Manufactures Census was the first time                                      Northern Mariana Islands since 1982.
a census was taken apart from the regular every-10-year                                          Statistical reports from the 1987 and earlier censuses
population census.                                                                            provide historical figures for the study of long-term time
    The first census of business was taken in 1930, cover-                                    series and are available in some large libraries. All of the
ing 1929. Initially it covered retail and wholesale trade and                                 census data published since 1967 are still available for
construction industries, but it was broadened in 1933 to                                      sale on microfiche from the Census Bureau.
include some of the service trades.
    The 1954 Economic Census was the first census to be
                                                                                              AVAILABILITY OF MORE FREQUENT
fully integrated—providing comparable census data across
                                                                                              ECONOMIC DATA
economic sectors, using consistent time periods, con-
cepts, definitions, classifications, and reporting units. It                                     While the census provides complete enumerations every
was the first census to be taken by mail, using lists of firms                                5 years, there are many needs for more frequent data as
provided by the administrative records of other Federal                                       well. The Census Bureau conducts a number of monthly,
agencies. Since 1963, administrative records also have                                        quarterly, and annual surveys, with the results appearing in
been used to provide basic statistics for very small firms,                                   publication series such as Current Business Reports (retail
reducing or eliminating the need to send them census                                          and wholesale trade and service industries), the Annual
questionnaires. The Enterprise Statistics Program, which                                      Survey of Manufactures, Current Industrial Reports, and
publishes combined data from the economic census, was                                         the Quarterly Financial Report. Most of these surveys,
made possible with the implementation of the integrated                                       while providing more frequent observations, yield less
census program in 1954.                                                                       kind-of-business and geographic detail than the census.
    The range of industries covered in the economic cen-                                      The County Business Patterns program offers annual
suses has continued to expand. The census of construc-                                        statistics on the number of establishments, employment,
tion industries began on a regular basis in 1967, and the                                     and payroll classified by industry within each county.
scope of service industries was broadened in 1967, 1977,
and 1987. The census of transportation began in 1963 as
                                                                                              SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION
a set of surveys covering travel, transportation of commodi-
ties, and trucks, but expanded in 1987 to cover business                                         More information about the scope, coverage, classifica-
establishments in several transportation industries. For                                      tion system, data items, and publications for each of the
1992, these statistics are incorporated into a broadened                                      economic censuses and related surveys is published in the
census of transportation, communications, and utilities.                                      Guide to the 1992 Economic Census and Related Statis-
Also new for 1992 is the census of financial, insurance,                                      tics. More information on the methodology, procedures,
and real estate industries. This is part of a gradual expan-                                  and history of the census will be published in the History of
sion in coverage of industries previously subjected to                                        the 1992 Economic Census. Contact Customer Services
government regulation.                                                                        for information on availability.




IV     INTRODUCTION                                                                                                    MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
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Census of Manufactures


GENERAL                                                                                        Management and Budget. This classification system is
                                                                                               used by Government agencies as well as many organiza-
   This report, from the 1992 Census of Manufactures, is                                       tions outside the Government.
one of a series of 83 industry reports, each of which                                             The SIC Manual defines manufacturing as the mechani-
provides statistics for individual industries or groups of                                     cal or chemical transformation of substances or materials
related industries. Additional separate reports will be issued                                 into new products. The assembly of component parts of
for each State and the District of Columbia and for special                                    products also is considered to be manufacturing if the
subjects such as manufacturers’ shipments to the federal                                       resulting product is neither a structure nor other fixed
government and concentration ratios in manufacturing.                                          improvement. These activities are usually carried on in
   The industry reports include such statistics as number                                      plants, factories, or mills that characteristically use power-
of establishments, employment, payroll, value added by                                         driven machines and materials-handling equipment.
manufacture, cost of materials consumed, capital expen-                                           Manufacturing production is usually carried on for the
ditures, product shipments, etc.                                                               wholesale market, for transfers to other plants of the same
   State reports present similar statistics for each State                                     company, or to the order of industrial users rather than for
and its important metropolitan areas (MA’s), counties, and                                     direct sale to the household consumer. Some manufactur-
places. Selected statistical totals for ‘‘all manufacturing’’                                  ers in a few industries sell chiefly at retail to household
have been shown in the State reports for MA’s with 250                                         consumers through the mail, through house-to-house routes,
employees or more and for counties and places with 500                                         or through salespersons. Some activities of a service
employees or more.                                                                             nature (enameling, engraving, etc.) are included in manu-
                                                                                               facturing when they are performed primarily for trade. They
   The General Summary report contains industry, product
                                                                                               are considered nonmanufacturing when they are per-
class, and geographic area statistics summarized in one
                                                                                               formed primarily to the order of the household consumer.
report. The introduction to the General Summary dis-
cusses, at greater length, many of the subjects described
in this introduction. For example, the General Summary                                         RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANNUAL SURVEY OF
text discusses the relationship of value added by manu-                                        MANUFACTURES AND CENSUS OF
facture to national income by industry of origin, the changes                                  MANUFACTURES
in statistical concepts over the history of the censuses,
and the valuation problems arising from intracompany                                              The Bureau of the Census conducts the annual survey
transfers between manufacturing plants of a company and                                        of manufactures (ASM) in each of the 4 years between the
between manufacturing plants and sales offices and sales                                       censuses of manufactures. The ASM is a probability-based
branches of a company.                                                                         sample of approximately 62,000 establishments and col-
                                                                                               lects the same industry statistics (employment, payroll,
                                                                                               value of shipments, etc.) as the census of manufactures. In
SCOPE OF CENSUS AND DEFINITION OF                                                              addition to collecting the information normally requested
MANUFACTURING                                                                                  on the census form, the establishments in the ASM sample
                                                                                               are requested to supply information on assets, capital
   The 1992 Census of Manufactures covers all establish-                                       expenditures, retirements, depreciation, rental payments,
ments with one paid employee or more primarily engaged                                         supplemental labor costs, costs of purchased services,
in manufacturing as defined in the 1987 Standard Industrial                                    and foreign content of materials consumed. Except for
Classification (SIC) Manual1 This is the system of industrial                                  supplemental labor costs, the extra ASM items are col-
classification developed by experts on classification in                                       lected only in census years.
Government and private industry under the guidance of the
Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of
                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT BASIS OF REPORTING

    1
                                                                                                  The census of manufactures is conducted on an estab-
    Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. For sale by Super-
intendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington,                           lishment basis. A company operating at more than one
DC 20402. Stock No. 041-001-00314-2.                                                           location is required to file a separate report for each

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                           CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES V
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location. The ASM also is conducted on an establishment                                              were not distributed among specific products and
basis, but separate reports are filed for just those estab-                                          materials for these establishments but were included
lishments selected in the sample. Companies engaged in                                               in the product and material ‘‘not specified by kind’’
distinctly different lines of activity at one location are                                           (n.s.k.) categories.
requested to submit separate reports if the plant records                                               The industry classification codes included in the
permit such a separation and if the activities are substan-                                          administrative-records files were assigned on the basis
tial in size.                                                                                        of brief descriptions of the general activity of the
    In 1992, as in earlier years, a minimum size limit was set                                       establishment. As a result, an indeterminate number of
for inclusion of establishments in the census. All establish-                                        establishments were erroneously coded at the four-
ments employing one person or more at any time during                                                digit SIC level. This was especially true whenever there
the census year are included. The same size limitation has                                           was a relatively fine line of demarcation between
applied since 1947 in censuses and annual surveys of                                                 industries or between manufacturing and nonmanufac-
manufactures. In the 1939 and earlier censuses, establish-                                           turing activity.
ments with less than $5,000 value of products were
excluded. The change in the minimum size limit in 1947                                                  Sometimes these administrative-records cases were
does not appreciably affect the historical comparability of                                          only given a two- or three-digit SIC group. For the 1992
the census figures except for data on number of establish-                                           Census of Manufactures, these establishments were
ments for a few industries. This report excludes informa-                                            sent a separate classification form, which requested
tion for separately operated administrative offices, ware-                                           information on the products and services of the estab-
houses, garages, and other auxiliary units that service                                              lishment. This form was used to code many of these
manufacturing establishments of the same company (see                                                establishments to the four-digit SIC level. Establish-
Auxiliaries).                                                                                        ments that did not return the classification form were
                                                                                                     coded later to those four-digit SIC industries identified
MANUFACTURING UNIVERSE AND CENSUS                                                                    as ‘‘not elsewhere classified’’ (n.e.c.) within the given
REPORT FORMS                                                                                         two- or three-digit industry groups.
   The 1992 Census of Manufactures universe includes                                                    As a result of these situations, a number of small
approximately 380,000 establishments. The amounts of                                                 establishments may have been misclassified by indus-
information requested from manufacturing establishments                                              try. However, such possible misclassification has no
were dependent upon a number of factors. The more                                                    significant effect on the statistics other than on the
important considerations were the size of the company                                                number of companies and establishments.
and whether it was included in the annual survey of                                                      The total establishment count for individual indus-
manufactures. The methods of obtaining information for                                               tries should be viewed as an approximation rather than
the various subsets of the universe to arrive at the aggre-                                          a precise measurement. The counts for establish-
gate figures shown in the publication are described below:                                           ments with 20 employees or more are far more reliable
  1. Small single-establishment companies not sent a                                                 than the count of total number of establishments.
     report form. In the 1992 Census of Manufactures,
     approximately 143,000 small single-establishment com-                                       2. Establishments sent a report form.       The over
     panies were excused from filing reports. Selection of                                          237,000 establishments covered in the mail canvass
     these small establishments was done on an industry-                                            were divided into three groups:
     by-industry basis and was based on annual payroll and
     total shipments data as well as on the industry classi-                                         a. ASM sample establishments. This group con-
     fication codes contained in the administrative records                                             sisted of approximately 62,000 establishments cov-
     of Federal agencies. The cutoffs were selected so that                                             ering all the units of large manufacturing establish-
     these administrative-records cases would account for                                               ments as well as a sample of the medium and
     no more than 3 percent of the value of shipments for                                               smaller establishments. The probability of selection
     all manufacturing. Generally, all single-establishment                                             was proportionate to size (see Appendix B, Annual
     companies with less than 5 employees were excused,                                                 Survey of Manufactures).
     while all establishments with more than 20 employees                                                   In a census of manufactures year, the ASM
     were mailed forms.                                                                                  report form (MA-1000) replaces the first page of the
        Information on the physical location of the estab-                                               regular census form for those establishments included
     lishment, as well as information on payrolls, receipts                                              in the ASM. In addition to information on employ-
     (shipments), and industry classification, was obtained                                              ment, payroll, and other items normally requested
     from the administrative records of other Federal agen-                                              on the regular census form, establishments in the
     cies under special arrangements, which safeguarded                                                  ASM sample were requested to supply information
     their confidentiality. Estimates of data for these small                                            on assets, capital expenditures, retirements, depre-
     establishments were developed using industry aver-                                                  ciation, rental payments, supplemental labor costs,
     ages in conjunction with the administrative informa-                                                and costs of purchased services. See appendix A,
     tion. The value of shipments and cost of materials                                                  section 2, for an explanation of these items.

VI     CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES                                                                                          MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
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              The census part of the report form is 1 of                                                 material data and totals but no details on employ-
           approximately 200 versions containing product, mate-                                          ment, payrolls, cost of materials, inventories, and
           rial, and special inquiries. The diversity of manufac-                                        capital expenditures.
           turing activities necessitated the use of these many
           forms to canvass the 459 manufacturing industries.                                     Use of the short form has no adverse effect on pub-
           Each form was developed for a group of related                                      lished totals for the industry statistics; the same data were
           industries.                                                                         collected on the short form as on the long form. However,
              Appearing on each form was a list of products                                    detailed information on materials consumed was not col-
           primary to the group of related industries as well as                               lected on the short form; thus its use would increase the
           secondary products and miscellaneous services                                       value of the n.s.k. categories.
           that establishments classified in these industries
           were likely to be performing. Respondents were
           requested to identify the products, the value of
                                                                                               AUXILIARIES
           each product, and, in a large number of cases, the                                      In this industry report, the data on employment and
           quantity of the product shipped during the survey                                   payroll are limited to operating manufacturing estab-
           year. Space also was provided for the respondent                                    lishments. The census report form filed for auxiliaries
           to describe products not specifically identified on                                 (ES-9200) requested a description of the activity of the
           the form.                                                                           establishments serviced. However, the manufacturing aux-
               The report form also contained a materials-                                     iliaries were coded only to the two-digit major group of the
           consumed inquiry, which varied from form to form                                    establishments they served; whereas, the operating estab-
           depending on the industries being canvassed. The                                    lishments were coded to a four-digit manufacturing indus-
           respondents were asked to review a list of materials                                try. Data for the approximately 11,000 separately operated
           generally used in their production processes. From                                  auxiliaries are included in the geographic area series and in
           this list, each establishment was requested to iden-                                a report issued as part of the 1992 Enterprise Statistics
           tify those materials consumed during the survey                                     Survey.
           year, the cost of each, and, in certain cases, the                                      Auxiliaries are establishments whose employees are
           quantity consumed. Once again, space was pro-                                       primarily engaged in performing supporting services for
           vided for the respondent to describe significant                                    other establishments of the same company, rather than for
           material not identified on the form.                                                the general public or for other business firms. They can be
              Finally, a wide variety of special inquiries was                                 at different locations from the establishments served or at
           included to measure activities peculiar to a given                                  the same location as one of those establishments but not
           industry, such as operations performed and equip-                                   operating as an integral part thereof and serving two
           ment used.                                                                          establishments or more. Where auxiliary operations are
                                                                                               conducted at the same location as the manufacturing
      b. Large and medium establishments (non-                                                 operation and operate as an integral part thereof, they
         ASM). Approximately 112,000 establishments were                                       usually are included in the report for the operating manu-
         included in this group. A variable cutoff, based on                                   facturing establishment.
         administrative-records payroll data and determined                                        Included in the broad category of auxiliaries are admin-
         on an industry-by-industry basis, was used to select                                  istrative offices. Employees in administrative offices are
         those establishments that were to receive 1 of the                                    concerned with the general management of multiestablish-
         approximately 200 census of manufactures regular                                      ment companies, i.e., with the general supervision and
         forms. The first page, requesting establishment                                       control of two units or more, such as manufacturing plants,
         data for items such as employment and payroll, was                                    mines, sales branches, or stores. The functions of these
         standard but did not contain the detailed statistics                                  employees may include the following:
         included on the ASM form. The product, material,
         and special inquiry sections supplied were based                                        1. Program planning, including sales research and coor-
         on the historical industry classification of the estab-                                    dination of purchasing, production, and distribution
         lishment.                                                                               2. Company purchasing, including general contracts and
                                                                                                    purchasing methods
      c. Small single-establishment companies (non-ASM).
         This group consisted of approximately 63,000 estab-                                     3. Company financial policy and accounting
         lishments. For those industries where application of
         the variable cutoff for administrative-records cases                                    4. General engineering, including design of product machin-
         resulted in a large number of small establishments                                         ery and equipment, and direction of engineering effort
         being included in the mail canvass, an abbreviated                                         conducted at the individual operation locations
         or ‘‘short’’ form was used. These establishments                                        5. Company personnel matters
         received 1 of the approximately 80 versions of the
         short form, which requested summary product and                                         6. Legal and patent matters

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                           CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES VII
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   Other types of auxiliaries serving the plants or central                                       In ASM years, establishments included in the ASM
management of the company include purchasing offices,                                          sample with noncertainty weight are not shifted from one
sales promotion offices, research and development orga-                                        industry classification to another. They are retained in the
nizations, etc.                                                                                industry where they were classified in the base census
                                                                                               year (see Appendix B, Annual Survey of Manufactures).
                                                                                               However, in the following census year, these ASM plants
INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION OF ESTABLISH-                                                          are allowed to shift from one industry to another.
MENTS
                                                                                                  The results of these rules covering the switching of
   Each of the establishments covered in the census was                                        plants from one industry classification to another are that,
classified in 1 of 459 manufacturing industries in accor-                                      at the aggregate level, some industries comprise different
dance with the industry definitions in the 1987 SIC Manual.                                    mixes of establishments between survey years and estab-
The 1987 edition of this manual represents a major                                             lishment data for such industry statistics as employment
revision for manufacturing industries from the 1972 edition                                    and payroll may be tabulated in different industries between
and its 1977 supplement. Appendix A of the 1987 Manual                                         survey years. Hence, comparisons between prior-year and
notes the revisions in the four-digit industry levels between                                  current-year published totals, particularly at the four-digit
1972/ 77 and 1987.                                                                             SIC level, should be viewed with caution. This is particu-
   An industry is generally defined as a group of establish-                                   larly true for the comparison between the data shown for a
ments producing the same product or a closely related                                          census year versus the data shown for the previous ASM
group of products. The product groupings from which                                            year.
industry classifications are derived are based on consider-                                       As previously noted, the small establishments that may
ations such as similarity of manufacturing processes, types                                    have been misclassified by industry are usually administrative-
of materials used, types of customers, and the like. The                                       records cases whose industry codes were assigned on the
resulting group of establishments must be significant in                                       basis of incomplete descriptions of the general activity of
terms of number, value added by manufacture, value of                                          the establishment. Such possible misclassifications have
shipments, and number of employees. The system oper-                                           no significant effect on the statistics other than on the
ates in such a way that the definitions progressively                                          number of companies and establishments.
become narrower with successive additions of numerical                                            While some establishments produce only the primary
digits. For 1992, there are 20 major groups (two-digit SIC),                                   products of the industry in which they are classified, all
139 industry groups (three-digit SIC), and 459 industries                                      establishments of an industry rarely specialize to this
(four-digit SIC). This represents an expansion of four-digit                                   extent. The industry statistics (employment, inventories,
industries from 452 in 1972/ 77 and a reduction of three-                                      value added by manufacture, total value of shipments
digit groups from 143 in 1972/ 77. Product classes and                                         including resales and miscellaneous receipts, etc.) shown
products of the manufacturing industries have been assigned                                    in tables 1a through 5a, therefore, reflect not only the
codes based on the industry from which they originate.                                         primary activities of the establishments in that industry but
There are about 11,000 products identified by a seven-digit                                    also their secondary activities. The product statistics in
code. The seven-digit products are considered the primary                                      table 6a represent the output of all establishments whether
products of the industry with the same four digits.                                            or not they are classified in the same industry as the
   Accordingly, an establishment is usually classified in a                                    product. For this reason, in relating the industry statistics,
particular industry on the basis of its major activity during a                                especially the value of shipments to the product statistics,
particular year, i.e., production of the products primary to                                   the composition of the industry’s output shown in table 5b
that industry exceeds, in value, production of the products                                    should be considered.
primary to any other single industry. In a few instances,                                         The extent to which industry and product statistics may
however, the industry classification of an establishment is                                    be matched with each other is measured by two ratios
not only determined by the products it makes but also by                                       which are computed from the figures shown in table 5b.
the process employed in operations. Refining of nonfer-                                        The first of these ratios, called the primary product spe-
rous metals from ore or rolling and drawing of nonferrous                                      cialization ratio, measures the proportion of product ship-
metals (processes which involve heavy capitalization in                                        ments (both primary and secondary) of the establishments
specialized equipment) would be classified according to                                        classified in the industry represented by the primary prod-
the process used during a census year. These establish-                                        ucts of those establishments. The second ratio, called the
ments then would be ‘‘frozen’’ in that industry during the                                     coverage ratio, is the proportion of primary products shipped
following ASM years.                                                                           by the establishments classified in the industry to total
   In either a census or ASM year, establishments included                                     shipments of such products by all manufacturing establish-
in the ASM sample with certainty weight, other than those                                      ments.
involved with heavily capitalized activities described above,                                     However, establishments making products falling into
are reclassified by industry only if the change in the primary                                 the same industry category may use a variety of processes
activity from the prior year is significant or if the change has                               and materials to produce them. Also, the same industry
occurred for 2 successive years. This procedure prevents                                       classification (based on end products) may include both
reclassification when there are minor shifts in product mix.                                   establishments that are highly integrated and those that

VIII     CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES                                                                                       MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
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put only the finishing touches on an already highly fabri-                                     SPECIAL TABULATIONS
cated item. For example, the refrigeration equipment indus-
try includes instances of almost complete integration (pro-                                       Special tabulations of data collected in the 1992 Census
duction of the compressor, condensing unit, electric motor,                                    of Manufactures may be obtained on computer diskette or
casting, stamping of the case, and final assembly) all                                         in tabular form. The data will be in summary form and
carried on at one plant. On the other hand, the condensing                                     subject to the same rules prohibiting disclosure of confi-
unit, the motor, and the case may be purchased and only                                        dential information (including name, address, kind of busi-
assembled into the finished product.                                                           ness, or other data for individual business establishments
                                                                                               or companies) as are the regular publications.
   In some instances, separate industry categories have
                                                                                                  Special tabulations are prepared on a cost basis. A
been established for integrated and nonintegrated estab-
                                                                                               request for a cost estimate, as well as exact specifications
lishments. For other industries, the census provides sepa-
                                                                                               on the type and format of the data to be provided, should
rate statistics on the production of intermediate commodi-
                                                                                               be directed to the Chief, Manufacturing and Construction
ties made and used in the producing plant. For some
                                                                                               Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC 20233.
industries characterized by many plants of the same
company, separate figures on interplant transfers of prod-
ucts usually are shown.                                                                        ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS
   Differences in the integration of production processes,
types of operations, and alternatives in types of materials                                       The following abbreviations and symbols are used in
used should be considered when relating the industry                                           this publication:
statistics (employment, payrolls, value added, etc.) to the
product and material data.                                                                         –             Represents zero.
                                                                                                   (D)           Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual
                                                                                                                 companies; data are included in higher level
VALUE OF SHIPMENTS FOR THE INDUSTRY                                                                              totals.
COMPARED WITH VALUE OF PRODUCT                                                                     (NA)          Not available.
SHIPMENTS                                                                                          (NC)          Not comparable.
                                                                                                   (S)           Withheld because estimate did not meet pub-
   This report shows value of shipments data for industries                                                      lication standards.
and products. In tables 1a through 5b, these data repre-                                           (X)           Not applicable.
sent the total value of shipments of all establishments                                            (Z)           Less than half the unit shown.
classified in a particular industry. The data include the                                          n.e.c.        Not elsewhere classified.
shipments of the products classified in the industry (pri-                                         n.s.k.        Not specified by kind.
mary to the industry), products classified in other industries                                     pt.           Part.
(secondary to the industry), and miscellaneous receipts                                            r             Revised.
(repair work, sale of scrap, research and development,                                             SIC           Standard Industrial Classification.
installation receipts, and resales). Value of product ship-
ments shown in table 6a represents the total value of all                                         Other abbreviations, such as lb, gal, yd, doz, bbl, and
products shipped that are classified as primary to an                                          s tons, are used in the customary sense.
industry.

                                                                                               CONTACTS FOR DATA USERS
CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES
                                                                                               Subject Area                Contact                Phone
   In accordance with Federal law governing census reports,
no data are published that would disclose the data for an                                      Census, ASM, and
individual establishment or company. However, the num-                                          CIR
ber of establishments classified in a specific industry is not                                   SIC’s 20-23,             Judy Dodds            301-457-4651
considered a disclosure, so this information may be released                                      3021, 31
even though other information is withheld.                                                       SIC’s 24-30              Michael Zampogna 301-457-4810
   The disclosure analysis for the industry statistics in                                         (exc. 3021), 32
tables 1a through 5a of this report is based on the total                                        SIC’s 33-35              Kenneth Hansen        301-457-4755
value of shipments. When the total value of shipments                                             (exc. 357)
cannot be shown without disclosing information for indi-                                         SIC’s 357, 36-39         Bruce Goldhirsch      301-457-4817
vidual companies, the complete line is suppressed except                                       Import/ export             Foreign Trade         301-457-3041
for new capital expenditures. However, the suppressed                                           publications              Division
data are included in higher-level totals. A separate disclo-
sure analysis is performed for new capital expenditures                                        Industry analysis          International         202-377-4356
that can be suppressed even though value of shipments                                           and forecasting           Trade
data are publishable.                                                                                                     Administration

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                              CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES IX
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Users’ Guide for Locating Statistics in This Report
by Table Number


[For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                                                                   Five-digit product class and
                                                                      Four-digit industry statistics
                                                                                                                                   seven-digit product statistics

                                                                                                                  By
                                                                                                           industry
                    Item
                                                                                   Sum-                          and                                Product
                                                                           By      mary          By        product Materials                        class by
                                                             Oper-       geo-       and      employ-           class    con- Industry-   Product        geo-   Historical
                                                     His-     ating   graphic    supple-       ment        special-  sumed product          ship-    graphic    product
                                                   torical   ratios      area    mental         size         ization by kind analysis     ments         area       class

Number of companies . . . . . . . .                    1a                              3a                                                    * 6a
Number of establishments. . . . .                      1a                   2          3a              4       5a
Employment and payroll:
 Number of employees . . . . . .                       1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
 Payroll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
 Supplemental labor costs . . .                                                        3a
 Production workers . . . . . . . . .                  1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
 Production-worker hours . . . .                       1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
 Production-worker wages . . .                         1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
Shipments, cost of materials,
 and value added:
  Value of shipments
   (four-digit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a                  5b
  Product class shipments
   (five-digit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                               6a         6b           6c
  Product shipments
   (seven-digit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                                  6a
  Value added by
   manufacture . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
  Cost of materials . . . . . . . . . . .              1a       1b          2          3a              4       5a
  Fuels and electric energy . . .                                                      3a
  Materials consumed by kind .                                                                                            7
Inventories:
  Total, end of year . . . . . . . . . .               1a                              3a              4
  By stage of fabrication . . . . . .                                                  3a
Capital expenditures, assets,
 rental payments, and
 purchased services:
  New capital expenditures. . . .                      1a                   2          3b              4       5a
  Used plant and equipment
   expenditures. . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                             3b
  Gross assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                             3b
  Depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           3b
  Retirements of buildings and
   machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           3b
  Rental payments . . . . . . . . . . .                                                3b
  Foreign content of materials
   consumed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                            3c
  Purchased services. . . . . . . . .                                                  3c
  Ratios:
    Specialization . . . . . . . . . . . . .           1a                                                                          5b
    Coverage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          1a                                                                          5b

      * Number of companies with shipments of more than $100 thousand.

X      USERS’ GUIDE                                                                                                   MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
                    Contents
                    Household Appliances
                                                                                                                 [Page numbers listed here omit the prefix that
                                                                                                                  appears as part of the number of each page]

                                                                                                                                                           Page
                    Introduction to the Economic Census                                                                                                       III
                    Census of Manufactures                                                                                                                     V
                    Users’ Guide for Locating Statistics in This Report by Table Number                                                                        X
                    Description of Industries and Summary of Findings                                                                                          3


                    TABLES

                    Industry Statistics
                    1a.         Historical Statistics for the Industry: 1992 and Earlier Years                                                                7
                    1b.         Selected Operating Ratios for the Industry: 1992 and Earlier Years                                                            8
                    2.          Industry Statistics for Selected States: 1992 and 1987                                                                       10
                    3a.         Summary Statistics for the Industry: 1992                                                                                    11
                    3b.         Gross Book Value of Depreciable Assets, Capital Expenditures, Retirements,
                                 Depreciation, and Rental Payments: 1992                                                                                     12
                    3c.         Supplemental Industry Statistics Based on Sample Estimates: 1992                                                             13
                    4.          Industry Statistics by Employment Size of Establishment: 1992                                                                14
                    5a.         Industry Statistics by Industry and Primary Product Class Specialization: 1992                                               15

                    Product Statistics
                    5b.         Industry–Product Analysis Value of Industry and Primary Product Shipments;
                                 Specialization and Coverage Ratios: 1992 and Earlier Census Years                                                           16
                    6a.         Product and Product Classes Quantity and Value of Shipments by All Producers:
                                 1992 and 1987                                                                                                               17
                    6b.         Product Classes Value of Shipments by All Producers for Specified States:
                                 1992 and 1987                                                                                                               19
                    6c.         Historical Statistics for Product Classes Value Shipped by All Producers: 1992
                                 and Earlier Years                                                                                                           20

                    Material Statistics
                    7.          Materials Consumed by Kind: 1992 and 1987                                                                                    20


                    APPENDIXES

                    A.          Explanation of Terms                                                                                                        A–1
                    B.          Annual Survey of Manufactures Sampling and Estimating Methodologies                                                         B–1
                    C.          Product Code Reference Tables                                                                                               C–1
                    Publication Program                                                                                                        Inside back cover




MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–1
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Description of Industries and
Summary of Findings


   This report shows 1992 Census of Manufactures statis-                                        All dollar figures included in this report are at prices
tics for establishments classified in each of the following                                  current for the year specified and, therefore, unadjusted for
industries:                                                                                  changes in price levels. Consequently, when making com-
                                                                                             parisons to prior years, users should take into consider-
                              SIC code and title                                             ation the inflation that has occurred.

                                                                                             INDUSTRY 3631, HOUSEHOLD COOKING
    3631          Household Cooking Equipment
                                                                                             EQUIPMENT
    3632          Household Refrigerators and Freezers
                                                                                                 This industry is made up of establishments primarily
    3633          Household Laundry Equipment                                                engaged in manufacturing household electric and nonelec-
    3634          Electric Housewares and Fans                                               tric cooking equipment, such as stoves, ranges, and
    3635          Household Vacuum Cleaners                                                  ovens, except portable electric appliances. This industry
    3639          Household Appliances, N.E.C.                                               includes establishments primarily engaged in manufactur-
                                                                                             ing microwave and convection ovens, including portable.
    The industry statistics (employment, payroll, cost of                                    Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing other
materials, value of shipments, inventories, etc.) are reported                               electric household cooking appliances, such as portable
for each establishment as a whole. Aggregates of such                                        ovens, hot plates, grills, percolators, and toasters, are
data for an industry reflect not only the primary activities of                              classified in industry 3634. Establishments primarily engaged
the establishments but also their activities in the manufac-                                 in manufacturing commercial cooking equipment are clas-
ture of secondary products as well as their miscellaneous                                    sified in industry 3589. Products of this industry also are
activities (contract work on materials owned by others,                                      collected in the Current Industrial Report (CIR) MA-36F,
repair work, etc.). This fact should be taken into account in                                Major Household Appliances. For information regarding
comparing industry statistics (tables 1 through 5a) with                                     the CIR, see Contacts for Data Users at the end of the
product statistics (table 6) showing shipments by all indus-                                 Census of Manufactures section.
tries of the primary products of the specified industry. The                                     The 1992 definition of this industry is the same as that
extent of the ‘‘product mix’’ is indicated in table 5b, which                                used in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
shows the value of primary and secondary products shipped                                    system. The SIC number and title also are the same.
by establishments classified in the specified industry and                                       In the 1992 Census of Manufactures, Industry 3631,
the value of primary products of the industry shipped as                                     Household Cooking Equipment, had employment of 18.8
secondary products by establishments classified in other                                     thousand. The employment figure was 14 percent below
industries.                                                                                  the 21.9 thousand reported in 1987.
                                                                                                 The leading States in employment in 1992 were Geor-
    Establishment data were tabulated based on industry                                      gia, Illinois, Ohio, and Tennessee. This represents a shift
definitions included in the 1987 Standard Industrial Clas-                                   from 1987 when Tennessee, Georgia, Kentucky, and Ohio
sification (SIC) Manual1. The 1987 edition represents a                                      were the leading States.
major revision for manufacturing industries from the 1972                                        The total value of shipments for establishments classi-
edition and its 1977 supplement. In addition to the 1987                                     fied in this industry was $3.0 billion.
SIC revision, changes were made to the product class                                             Establishments in virtually all industries ship secondary
(five-digit) and product code (seven-digit) categories. The                                  products as well as products primary to the industry in
product class and product code comparability between the                                     which they are classified and have some miscellaneous
1992 and 1987 censuses is shown in appendix C. This                                          receipts, such as resales and contract receipts. Industry
appendix presents, in tabular form, the linkage from 1992
                                                                                             3631 shipped $2.5 billion of household cooking equipment
to 1987, and 1987 to 1992.
                                                                                             considered primary to the industry.
                                                                                                 Establishments in this industry accounted for 82 percent
    1                                                                                        of products considered primary to the industry no matter
      Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. For sale by Super-
intendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington,                         where they were actually produced (coverage ratio). In
DC 20402. Stock No. 041-001-00314-2.                                                         1987, the coverage ratio was 78 percent.

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   The products primary to industry 3631, no matter in                                       of secondary products, and had $230.1 million of miscel-
what industry they were produced, appear in table 6a and                                     laneous receipts, resales, and contract work. Thus, the
aggregate to $3.0 billion. For further explanation of spe-                                   ratio of primary products to the total of both secondary and
cialization and coverage ratios, see table 5b and the                                        primary products shipped by establishments in this indus-
appendixes.                                                                                  try was 98 percent (specialization ratio). In 1987, the
   The total cost of materials, services, and fuels and                                      specialization ratio was 97 percent.
energy used by establishments classified in the household                                       Establishments in this industry also accounted for 97
cooking equipment industry amounted to $1.8 billion. Data                                    percent of products considered primary to the industry no
on specific materials consumed appear in table 7.                                            matter where they were actually produced (coverage ratio).
   Single-establishment companies in this industry with                                      In 1987, the coverage ratio was 98 percent.
less than 20 employees were excluded from the mail                                              The products primary to industry 3632, no matter in
portion of the census. The data for these establishments                                     what industry they were produced, appear in table 6a and
(and a small number of larger establishments whose                                           aggregate to $4.0 billion. For further explanation of spe-
reports were not received at the time the data were                                          cialization and coverage ratios, see table 5b and the
tabulated) were obtained from administrative records of                                      appendixes.
other agencies or developed from industry averages. These                                       The total cost of materials, services, and fuels and
establishments accounted for less than 1 percent of the                                      energy used by establishments classified in the household
total value of shipments.                                                                    refrigerators and freezers industry amounted to $2.6 bil-
                                                                                             lion. Data on specific materials consumed appear in table
                                                                                             7.
INDUSTRY 3632, HOUSEHOLD                                                                        Single-establishment companies in this industry with
REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS                                                                   less than 5 employees were excluded from the mail portion
                                                                                             of the census. The data for these establishments (and a
   This industry is made up of establishments primarily                                      small number of larger establishments whose reports were
engaged in manufacturing household refrigerators and                                         not received at the time the data were tabulated) were
home and farm freezers. Establishments primarily engaged                                     obtained from administrative records of other agencies or
in manufacturing commercial and industrial refrigeration                                     developed from industry averages. These establishments
equipment, packaged room coolers, and all refrigeration                                      accounted for less than 1 percent of the total value of
compressor and condenser units are classified in industry                                    shipments.
3585, and those manufacturing portable room dehumidifi-
ers are classified in industry 3634. Products of this industry
also are collected in the Current Industrial Report (CIR)                                    INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY
MA-36F, Major Household Appliances. For information                                          EQUIPMENT
regarding the CIR, see Contacts for Data Users at the end
of the Census of Manufactures section.                                                           This industry is made up of establishments primarily
                                                                                             engaged in manufacturing laundry equipment, such as
   The 1992 definition of this industry is the same as that
                                                                                             washing machines, dryers, and ironers, for household use,
used in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
                                                                                             including coin-operated. Establishments primarily engaged
system. The SIC number and title also are the same.
                                                                                             in manufacturing commercial laundry equipment are clas-
   In the 1992 Census of Manufactures, Industry 3632,                                        sified in industry 3582, and those manufacturing portable
Household Refrigerators and Freezers, had employment                                         electric irons are classified in industry 3634. Products of
of 25.4 thousand. The employment figure was 1 percent                                        this industry also are collected in the Current Industrial
below the 25.7 thousand reported in 1987. Compared with                                      Report (CIR) MA-36F, Major Household Appliances. For
1991, employment increased 17 percent. The 1991 data                                         information regarding the CIR, see Contacts for Data
are based on the Census Bureau’s annual survey of                                            Users at the end of the Census of Manufactures section.
manufactures (ASM), which is a sample survey conducted                                           The 1992 definition of this industry is the same as that
each year between censuses.                                                                  used in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
   The leading States in employment in 1992 were Arkan-                                      system. The SIC number and title also are the same.
sas, Indiana, Iowa, and Kentucky. This represents a shift                                        In the 1992 Census of Manufactures, Industry 3633,
from 1987 when Indiana, Arkansas, Kentucky and Illinois                                      Household Laundry Equipment, had employment of 14.2
were the leading States.                                                                     thousand. The employment figure was 15 percent below
   The total value of shipments for establishments classi-                                   the 16.7 thousand reported in 1987. Compared with 1991,
fied in this industry was $4.2 billion.                                                      employment decreased 3 percent. The 1991 data are
   Establishments in virtually all industries ship secondary                                 based on the Census Bureau’s annual survey of manufac-
products as well as products primary to the industry in                                      tures (ASM), which is a sample survey conducted each
which they are classified and have some miscellaneous                                        year between censuses.
receipts, such as resales and contract receipts. Industry                                        The leading States in employment in 1992 were Iowa,
3632 shipped $3.9 billion of household refrigerators and                                     Kentucky, Ohio, and Wisconsin. These same States were
freezers considered primary to the industry, $71.4 million                                   the leaders in 1987.

36B–4        HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                       MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
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   The total value of shipments for establishments classi-                                      The leading States in employment in 1992 were Mis-
fied in this industry was $3.3 billion.                                                      souri, North Carolina, Ohio, and Wisconsin. This repre-
   Establishments in virtually all industries ship secondary                                 sents a shift from 1987 when North Carolina, Tennessee,
products as well as products primary to the industry in                                      Wisconsin, and Missouri were the leading States.
which they are classified and have some miscellaneous                                           The total value of shipments for establishments classi-
receipts, such as resales and contract receipts. Industry                                    fied in this industry was $2.9 billion.
3633 shipped $3.0 billion of household laundry equipment                                        Establishments in virtually all industries ship secondary
considered primary to the industry.                                                          products as well as products primary to the industry in
   Establishments in this industry accounted for 99 percent                                  which they are classified and have some miscellaneous
of products considered primary to the industry no matter                                     receipts, such as resales and contract receipts. Industry
where they were actually produced (coverage ratio). In                                       3634 shipped $2.4 billion of electric housewares and fans
1987, the coverage ratio also was 99 percent.                                                considered primary to the industry, $171.3 million of sec-
   The products primary to industry 3633, no matter in                                       ondary products, and had $306.8 million of miscellaneous
what industry they were produced, appear in table 6a and                                     receipts, resales, and contract work. Thus, the ratio of
aggregate to $3.0 billion. For further explanation of spe-                                   primary products to the total of both secondary and
cialization and coverage ratios, see table 5b and the                                        primary products shipped by establishments in this indus-
appendixes.                                                                                  try was 93 percent (specialization ratio). In 1987, the
   The total cost of materials, services, and fuels and                                      specialization ratio was 91 percent.
energy used by establishments classified in the household                                       Establishments in this industry also accounted for 91
laundry equipment industry amounted to $1.7 billion. Data                                    percent of products considered primary to the industry no
on specific materials consumed appear in table 7.                                            matter where they were actually produced (coverage ratio).
   Single-establishment companies in this industry with                                      In 1987, the coverage ratio was 90 percent.
less than 5 employees were excluded from the mail portion                                       The products primary to industry 3634, no matter in
of the census. The data for these establishments (and a                                      what industry they were produced, appear in table 6a and
small number of larger establishments whose reports were                                     aggregate to $2.7 billion. For further explanation of spe-
not received at the time the data were tabulated) were                                       cialization and coverage ratios, see table 5b and the
obtained from administrative records of other agencies or                                    appendixes.
developed from industry averages. These establishments                                          The total cost of materials, services, and fuels and
accounted for less than 1 percent of the total value of                                      energy used by establishments classified in the electric
shipments.                                                                                   housewares and fans industry amounted to $1.5 billion.
                                                                                             Data on specific materials consumed appear in table 7.
INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC HOUSEWARES AND                                                          Single-establishment companies in this industry with
FANS                                                                                         less than 20 employees were excluded from the mail
   This industry is made up of establishments primarily                                      portion of the census. The data for these establishments
engaged in manufacturing electric housewares for heating,                                    (and a small number of larger establishments whose
cooking, and other purposes; and electric household fans,                                    reports were not received at the time the data were
except attic fans. Important products of this industry include                               tabulated) were obtained from administrative records of
household-type ventilation and exhaust fans; portable house-                                 other agencies or developed from industry averages. These
hold cooking appliances, except convection and micro-                                        establishments accounted for 5 percent of the total value
wave ovens; electric space heaters; electrically heated                                      of shipments.
bedcoverings, electric scissors; and portable humidifiers
and dehumidifiers. Establishments primarily engaged in                                       INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM
manufacturing attic fans and industrial and commercial                                       CLEANERS
exhaust and ventilation fans are classified in industry 3564;
and those manufacturing room air-conditioners and humidi-                                       This industry is made up of establishments primarily
fying and dehumidifying equipment, except portable, are                                      engaged in manufacturing vacuum cleaners for household
classified in industry 3585. Products of this industry also                                  use. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing
are collected in the Current Industrial Report (CIR) MA-36E,                                 vacuum cleaners for industrial use are classified in industry
Electric Housewares and Fans. For information regarding                                      3589. Establishments primarily engaged in installation of
the CIR, see Contacts for Data Users at the end of the                                       central vacuum cleaner systems are classified in construc-
Census of Manufactures section.                                                              tion, industry 1796.
   The 1992 definition of this industry is the same as that                                     The 1992 definition of this industry is the same as that
used in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)                                    used in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
system. The SIC number and title also are the same.                                          system. The SIC number and title also are the same.
   In the 1992 Census of Manufactures, Industry 3634,                                           In the 1992 Census of Manufactures, Industry 3635,
Electric Housewares and Fans, had employment of 20.4                                         Household Vacuum Cleaners, had employment of 11.3
thousand. The employment figure was 19 percent below                                         thousand. The employment figure was unchanged from
the 25.1 thousand reported in 1987.                                                          the 11.3 thousand reported in 1987.

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES       36B–5
JOBNAME: No Job Name PAGE: 4 SESS: 3 OUTPUT: Mon Apr 10 11:22:12 1995 / pssw02/ disk2/ economic/ mc92i/ 36b/ 07txtsum


   The leading States in employment in 1992 were Illinois,                                   Industrial Report (CIR) MA-36F, Major Household Appli-
Kentucky, Ohio, and South Carolina. These same States                                        ances. For information regarding the CIR, see Contacts for
were the leaders in 1987.                                                                    Data Users at the end of the Census of Manufactures
   The total value of shipments for establishments classi-                                   section.
fied in this industry was $1.9 billion.                                                         The 1992 definition of this industry is the same as that
   Establishments in virtually all industries ship secondary                                 used in the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
products as well as products primary to the industry in                                      system. The SIC number and title also are the same.
which they are classified and have some miscellaneous                                           In the 1992 Census of Manufactures, Industry 3639,
receipts, such as resales and contract receipts. Industry                                    Household Appliances, N.E.C., had employment of 12.7
3635 shipped $1.7 billion of household vacuum cleaners                                       thousand. The employment figure was 21 percent below
                                                                                             the 16.0 thousand reported in 1987. Compared with 1991,
considered primary to the industry, $99.5 million of sec-
                                                                                             employment decreased 9 percent. The 1991 data are
ondary products, and had $95.4 million of miscellaneous
                                                                                             based on the Census Bureau’s annual survey of manufac-
receipts, resales, and contract work. Thus, the ratio of
                                                                                             tures (ASM), which is a sample survey conducted each
primary products to the total of both secondary and                                          year between censuses.
primary products shipped by establishments in this indus-                                       The leading States in employment in 1992 were Ken-
try was 94 percent (specialization ratio). In 1987, the                                      tucky, Ohio, South Carolina, and Tennessee. This repre-
specialization ratio was 89 percent.                                                         sents a shift from 1987 when Tennessee, Ohio, Kentucky,
   Establishments in this industry also accounted for 95                                     and Indiana were the leading States.
percent of products considered primary to the industry no                                       The total value of shipments for establishments classi-
matter where they were actually produced (coverage ratio).                                   fied in this industry was $3.2 billion.
In 1987, the coverage ratio was 87 percent.                                                     Establishments in virtually all industries ship secondary
   The products primary to industry 3635, no matter in                                       products as well as products primary to the industry in
what industry they were produced, appear in table 6a and                                     which they are classified and have some miscellaneous
aggregate to $1.8 billion. For further explanation of spe-                                   receipts, such as resales and contract receipts. Industry
cialization and coverage ratios, see table 5b and the                                        3639 shipped $2.0 billion of household appliances, not
appendixes.                                                                                  elsewhere classified, considered primary to the industry.
   The total cost of materials, services, and fuels and                                         Establishments in this industry accounted for 89 percent
energy used by establishments classified in the household                                    of products considered primary to the industry no matter
vacuum cleaners industry amounted to $859.8 million.                                         where they were actually produced (coverage ratio). In
Data on specific materials consumed appear in table 7.                                       1987, the coverage ratio was 91 percent.
   Single-establishment companies in this industry with                                         The products primary to industry 3639, no matter in
less than 10 employees were excluded from the mail                                           what industry they were produced, appear in table 6a and
portion of the census. The data for these establishments                                     aggregate to $2.3 billion. For further explanation of spe-
                                                                                             cialization and coverage ratios, see table 5b and the
(and a small number of larger establishments whose
                                                                                             appendixes.
reports were not received at the time the data were
                                                                                                The total cost of materials, services, and fuels and
tabulated) were obtained from administrative records of
                                                                                             energy used by establishments classified in the household
other agencies or developed from industry averages. These                                    appliances, not elsewhere classified, industry amounted to
establishments accounted for 12 percent of the total value                                   $2.0 billion. Data on specific materials consumed appear in
of shipments.                                                                                table 7.
                                                                                                Single-establishment companies in this industry with
INDUSTRY 3639, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES,                                                         less than 25 employees were excluded from the mail
N.E.C.                                                                                       portion of the census. The data for these establishments
                                                                                             (and a small number of larger establishments whose
  This industry is made up of establishments primarily                                       reports were not received at the time the data were
engaged in manufacturing household appliances, not else-                                     tabulated) were obtained from administrative records of
where classified, such as water heaters, dishwashers, food                                   other agencies or developed from industry averages. These
waste disposal units, and household sewing machines.                                         establishments accounted for 9 percent of the total value
Products of this industry also are collected in the Current                                  of shipments.




36B–6        HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                       MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
Table 1a.          Historical Statistics for the Industry: 1992 and Earlier Years
[Excludes data for auxiliaries. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                All establishments3     All employees               Production workers                                                                                    Ratios
                                                                                                                                                                   New    End-of-
                                           With 20                                                                Value added                                   capital       year     Spe-
       Year1                               employ-                                                                by manufac-       Cost of       Value of    expend-       inven-     ciali-   Cover-
                       Com-                 ees or                Payroll                              Wages             ture4    materials5    shipments       itures6    tories4   zation7     age8
                     panies2       Total     more     Number      (million     Number        Hours     (million        (million     (million       (million    (million   (million     (per-     (per-
                        (no.)      (no.)      (no.)    (1,000)    dollars)      (1,000)   (millions)   dollars)        dollars)     dollars)       dollars)    dollars)   dollars)     cent)     cent)

                                                                             INDUSTRY 3631, HOUSEHOLD COOKING EQUIPMENT

1992   Census             80         89         43       18.8       437.0         15.0         29.9      293.4        1 141.4       1   811.7     2   950.0       82.9     466.2         (D)         82
1991   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       18.4       401.5         14.8         28.0      278.7        1 091.2       1   801.0     2   890.7       95.7     457.8       (NA)        (NA)
1990   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       19.2       442.2         15.3         30.2      303.0        1 138.9       1   821.7     2   994.0       84.7     515.8       (NA)        (NA)
1989   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       20.0       440.7         15.9         31.3      305.7        1 087.6       1   940.0     3   094.5       63.2     576.3       (NA)        (NA)
1988   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       21.8       463.8         17.3         33.3      325.7        1 404.7       2   382.3     3   699.4       92.6     714.8       (NA)        (NA)
1987   Census             65         78         47       21.9       475.8         16.9         33.3      323.6        1 267.9       2   118.3     3   395.8       79.6     648.6          96         78
1986   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       22.2       461.9         16.9         32.6      310.1        1 305.3       2   089.8     3   328.7       88.6     663.0       (NA)        (NA)
1985   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       24.2       492.4         18.5         35.9      323.7        1 236.5       2   006.7     3   297.3       76.6     621.5       (NA)        (NA)
1984   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       27.7       544.8         21.5         42.9      370.8        1 528.8       2   161.4     3   578.5       86.3     756.4       (NA)        (NA)
1983   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       26.5       488.7         19.7         39.4      323.7        1 276.9       1   862.0     3   075.8       69.4     590.8       (NA)        (NA)
1982   Census             71         88         59       23.7       402.1         17.0         31.4      254.8          941.4       1   408.3     2   414.9       51.5     497.1          88         84
1981   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       27.3       417.3         20.9         42.1      288.9        1 041.8       1   552.4     2   525.9       57.7     499.2       (NA)        (NA)
1980   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       28.1       398.9         21.1         42.3      272.8          968.0       1   507.5     2   465.5       49.8     440.2       (NA)        (NA)
1979   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       29.1       384.1         21.6         42.1      255.2          991.1       1   369.8     2   353.4       41.5     432.2       (NA)        (NA)
1978   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       28.0       339.8         21.6         40.5      235.0          841.3       1   110.7     1   912.4       35.8     365.6       (NA)        (NA)
1977   Census             84         96         58       25.4       289.1         19.1         36.8      197.9          784.1           943.9     1   707.2       36.1     303.8          92         80

                                                                   INDUSTRY 3632, HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

1992   Census             52         58         19       25.4       719.0         21.4         41.5      531.7        1   629.1     2   596.6     4   232.4     187.4      446.7         98          97
1991   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       21.8       605.5         17.8         35.8      459.9        1   386.9     2   238.4     3   721.3     168.7      452.3       (NA)        (NA)
1990   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       23.6       609.2         19.2         36.6      460.5        1   464.3     2   193.9     3   799.8     101.9      580.0       (NA)        (NA)
1989   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       25.2       683.9         20.7         42.0      535.6        1   653.4     2   444.1     4   015.4     172.6      747.1       (NA)        (NA)
1988   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       27.0       695.6         22.5         43.1      550.6        1   538.6     2   382.4     3   902.0     133.6      671.9       (NA)        (NA)
1987   Census             40         49         26       25.7       650.7         21.6         41.5      518.2        1   450.4     2   161.6     3   518.9     100.3      621.0         97          98
1986   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       23.9       594.7         20.1         38.4      466.2        1   427.2     1   977.8     3   352.8      84.9      502.4       (NA)        (NA)
1985   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       22.3       514.5         18.4         34.1      393.1        1   352.2     1   889.5     3   340.5      64.3      452.7       (NA)        (NA)
1984   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       24.0       526.5         20.4         37.9      415.5        1   152.5     2   052.6     3   088.0      56.3      523.8       (NA)        (NA)
1983   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       21.0       460.2         17.5         33.4      359.1        1   146.2     1   653.7     2   821.2      53.7      429.8       (NA)        (NA)
1982   Census             39         50         30       22.4       441.2         18.4         33.1      340.4        1   032.3     1   460.5     2   470.7      79.1      432.4         85          94
1981   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       27.1       469.7         22.9         39.6      364.6        1   059.9     1   658.4     2   702.9      55.8      273.2       (NA)        (NA)
1980   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       27.2       422.1         23.0         40.2      327.3        1   034.4     1   380.6     2   460.2      55.4      257.4       (NA)        (NA)
1979   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       28.9       424.6         24.6         45.7      336.2        1   130.6     1   402.2     2   683.8      38.6      265.0       (NA)        (NA)
1978   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       38.2       540.4         32.1         59.7      405.6        1   204.3     1   606.9     2   773.0      73.3      439.0       (NA)        (NA)
1977   Census             33         42         25       35.8       468.6         29.8         56.9      358.0        1   166.1     1   447.6     2   576.6      46.9      399.1         77          98

                                                                             INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT

1992   Census             10         17         15       14.2       423.1         12.1         24.8      340.0        1 545.2       1   721.2     3   328.5       93.6     264.4         (D)         99
1991   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       14.7       413.3         12.4         24.5      334.5        1 517.6       1   654.3     3   205.7       82.2     326.0       (NA)        (NA)
1990   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       16.1       439.5         13.9         27.4      360.9        1 543.1       1   726.1     3   234.4       54.6     393.8       (NA)        (NA)
1989   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       16.6       453.3         14.2         27.7      366.2        1 460.6       1   657.0     3   103.8       59.4     367.3       (NA)        (NA)
1988   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       16.6       449.1         14.1         26.5      364.3        1 398.1       1   727.4     3   117.9       93.2     350.6       (NA)        (NA)
1987   Census             11         18         16       16.7       465.8         14.1         27.7      373.4        1 406.2       1   649.0     3   034.8       73.4     342.9         (D)         99
1986   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       17.4       452.3         14.7         28.7      358.9        1 520.4       1   558.4     3   062.9       69.3     325.5       (NA)        (NA)
1985   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       17.2       415.5         14.4         27.1      330.3        1 375.5       1   450.9     2   838.4       81.4     306.6       (NA)        (NA)
1984   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       16.7       401.2         14.1         27.0      319.3        1 292.5       1   435.1     2   715.6       69.9     323.2       (NA)        (NA)
1983   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       16.1       361.9         13.6         25.4      288.2        1 114.8       1   290.5     2   369.4       36.9     313.9       (NA)        (NA)
1982   Census             15         25         20       16.5       335.4         13.4         23.4      261.1          984.1       1   116.2     2   122.2       35.1     286.4          85         99
1981   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       18.9       360.2         15.6         28.1      280.1        1 021.3       1   240.7     2   259.0       43.5     173.4       (NA)        (NA)
1980   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       19.2       331.6         15.7         28.4      256.7          989.5       1   148.8     2   142.2       45.6     170.1       (NA)        (NA)
1979   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       20.1       323.0         16.7         30.9      251.5        1 066.5       1   152.3     2   214.7       32.0     185.7       (NA)        (NA)
1978   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       19.6       288.4         16.1         29.5      221.8          918.5       1   017.6     1   946.1       33.4     157.7       (NA)        (NA)
1977   Census             21         31         24       19.4       262.4         15.9         29.4      202.4          844.7           953.1     1   792.8       27.3     170.6          87         90

                                                                             INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC HOUSEWARES AND FANS

1992   Census            189        209         81       20.4       400.6         16.5         30.9      261.0        1   387.0     1   525.0     2   897.5       46.3     482.7         93          91
1991   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       23.6       453.8         18.9         34.0      295.4        1   371.7     1   651.2     3   111.8       47.1     493.2       (NA)        (NA)
1990   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       24.9       462.1         19.5         35.1      298.5        1   425.0     1   633.7     3   055.9       48.9     613.0       (NA)        (NA)
1989   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       25.9       463.1         20.5         37.3      298.4        1   488.4     1   639.2     3   077.9       44.5     582.4       (NA)        (NA)
1988   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       25.4       445.4         19.4         37.3      283.9        1   322.6     1   506.6     2   828.1       38.3     468.7       (NA)        (NA)
1987   Census            201        230        100       25.1       432.5         19.2         37.0      280.4        1   378.1     1   430.7     2   825.7       57.0     482.1         91          90
1986   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       28.6       502.2         21.3         40.5      306.5        1   436.4     1   644.3     3   116.1       65.7     531.8       (NA)        (NA)
1985   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       30.7       524.3         23.4         43.8      333.4        1   546.6     1   559.2     3   099.6       68.5     557.6       (NA)        (NA)
1984   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       33.1       522.6         25.7         47.1      338.4        1   669.7     1   607.9     3   238.6       64.9     541.5       (NA)        (NA)
1983   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       36.0       543.3         28.1         51.0      348.6        1   639.6     1   548.7     3   186.2       66.1     588.9       (NA)        (NA)
1982   Census            217        262        134       38.7       539.1         29.3         54.4      341.3        1   511.9     1   556.2     3   128.4       73.0     605.8         90          94
1981   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       44.0       568.3         34.2         64.1      387.3        1   515.5     1   621.6     3   078.4       74.4     601.2       (NA)        (NA)
1980   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       47.1       574.4         36.8         70.2      399.5        1   690.0     1   654.9     3   299.8       70.1     539.9       (NA)        (NA)
1979   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       46.8       531.2         36.7         68.8      365.1        1   417.4     1   466.9     2   868.9       62.1     479.7       (NA)        (NA)
1978   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       46.9       491.7         36.8         68.2      331.1        1   344.5     1   244.9     2   581.1       62.9     463.1       (NA)        (NA)
1977   Census            239        291        148       47.3       458.7         37.6         71.4      305.0        1   365.7     1   169.8     2   531.2       47.8     429.5         87          90

                                                                              INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS

1992   Census             35         43         22       11.3       278.7          7.7         15.2      172.1        1 054.6           859.8     1   905.3       66.8     230.5         94          95
1991   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.9       282.5          8.2         15.8      176.9          961.8           827.4     1   804.5       53.3     227.0       (NA)        (NA)
1990   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       12.4       295.6          8.6         17.2      186.7          997.8           860.4     1   860.1       33.8     245.1       (NA)        (NA)
1989   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.9       272.7          8.3         15.9      173.1          835.8           773.0     1   605.0       32.1     234.8       (NA)        (NA)
1988   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.4       256.7          7.5         14.4      163.3          795.6           712.6     1   473.0       48.7     241.2       (NA)        (NA)
1987   Census             28         31         21       11.3       247.1          7.6         14.4      162.7          718.2           622.5     1   324.2       59.6     200.0         89          87
1986   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.5       242.4          7.5         14.9      152.3          702.8           626.6     1   337.3       46.7     191.3       (NA)        (NA)
1985   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.2       236.4          7.5         14.3      149.8          691.9           592.9     1   301.9       35.3     210.4       (NA)        (NA)
1984   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.9       237.5          8.2         15.5      156.9          746.5           610.9     1   307.3       43.4     231.1       (NA)        (NA)
1983   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       10.1       189.4          6.7         12.4      122.0          556.7           423.6         970.6       23.4     149.7       (NA)        (NA)
1982   Census             29         31         18        8.4       151.1          5.2          9.5       94.6            463.6         294.9         775.7       17.1     121.1         95          80
1981   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)        9.5       153.5          6.3         11.3      100.6            427.3         347.2         769.8       26.5     101.6       (NA)        (NA)
1980   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       10.3       149.1          7.0         12.6      101.0            413.0         335.2         753.9       20.9      93.6       (NA)        (NA)
1979   ASM              (NA)       (NA)       (NA)       11.2       147.8          7.7         14.4      101.5            459.2         342.7         796.1       19.1     102.6       (NA)        (NA)

         See footnotes at end of table.


MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                             HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–7
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Table 1a.          Historical Statistics for the Industry: 1992 and Earlier Years Con.
[Excludes data for auxiliaries. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                               All establishments3           All employees                    Production workers                                                                                               Ratios
                                                                                                                                                                                       New     End-of-
                                            With 20                                                                          Value added                                            capital        year     Spe-
       Year1                                employ-                                                                          by manufac-            Cost of       Value of        expend-        inven-     ciali-   Cover-
                      Com-                   ees or                    Payroll                                    Wages             ture4         materials5    shipments           itures6     tories4   zation7     age8
                    panies2       Total       more        Number       (million       Number          Hours       (million        (million          (million       (million        (million    (million     (per-     (per-
                       (no.)      (no.)        (no.)       (1,000)     dollars)        (1,000)     (millions)     dollars)        dollars)          dollars)       dollars)        dollars)    dollars)     cent)     cent)

                                                                             INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS Con.

1978 ASM               (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          10.5      127.5                7.4        13.2         86.7             408.5             281.4         683.0           14.5        92.9      (NA)        (NA)
1977 Census              33         36            23          10.4      117.1                7.4        13.0         79.2             380.4             267.5         644.3           16.4        85.3       (D)          81

                                                                                      INDUSTRY 3639, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, N.E.C.

1992   Census            61         68            34          12.7      329.7               10.5        21.0       253.5         1   061.3          1   954.5     3   169.1          79.2        204.2        (D)         89
1991   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          14.0      340.1               11.7        23.4       264.1         1   083.5          1   771.3     2   958.2          49.4        378.1      (NA)        (NA)
1990   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          14.2      355.9               11.8        23.5       275.2         1   266.9          1   874.0     3   124.9          66.5        493.9      (NA)        (NA)
1989   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          14.7      359.5               12.2        24.8       275.6         1   647.7          1   959.0     3   438.0         113.5        460.6      (NA)        (NA)
1988   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          15.2      361.7               12.5        24.6       278.5         1   103.6          1   215.8     2   312.0          63.0        272.9      (NA)        (NA)
1987   Census            61         75            38          16.0      370.2               13.1        26.0       276.3         1   215.5          1   208.2     2   398.3          60.2        279.6         87         91
1986   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          16.7      373.5               13.9        27.1       285.5         1   053.8          1   247.1     2   280.1          44.9        284.6      (NA)        (NA)
1985   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          16.0      337.1               13.2        26.7       259.3         1   018.9          1   147.7     2   175.3          71.9        260.4      (NA)        (NA)
1984   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          16.2      338.3               13.6        27.8       262.2         1   025.5          1   157.6     2   150.7          48.5        274.9      (NA)        (NA)
1983   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          15.7      313.9               13.0        25.9       238.9             869.7          1   026.0     1   879.0          36.6        239.5      (NA)        (NA)
1982   Census            70         83            49          14.2      252.4               11.4        21.7       180.2             673.8              754.9     1   432.0          40.6        217.9         90         82
1981   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          15.4      265.8               12.4        23.7       193.7             692.8              789.4     1   462.4          33.7        197.3      (NA)        (NA)
1980   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          15.7      243.2               12.6        23.7       177.2             622.9              768.4     1   411.1          23.6        182.8      (NA)        (NA)
1979   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          17.3      249.9               14.0        26.5       182.2             644.9              809.4     1   424.9          28.2        209.1      (NA)        (NA)
1978   ASM             (NA)       (NA)          (NA)          16.4      215.3               13.1        24.2       154.9             546.4              721.1     1   267.7          29.9        167.5      (NA)        (NA)
1977   Census            65         80            40          15.7      195.6               12.8        25.1       143.2             527.9              667.5     1   184.0          24.6        164.2         93         79

         1In annual survey of manufactures (ASM) years, data are estimates based on a representative sample of establishments canvassed annually and may differ from results of a complete
canvass of all establishments. ASM publication shows percentage standard errors. Unless otherwise noted, for data prior to 1977, see 1977 Census of Manufactures, vol. II, table 1 of the industry
chapter.
         2For the Census, a company is defined as a business organization consisting of one establishment or more under common ownership or control.
         3Includes establishments with payroll at any time during the year.
         4Beginning in 1982, all respondents were requested to report their inventories at cost or market prior to adjustment to LIFO cost. This is a change from prior years when respondents were
permitted to value their inventories using any generally accepted accounting method. Consequently, 1982 data for inventories and value added by manufacture are not comparable to prior-year data.
         5Cost of materials is the sum of five components: the cost of (1) parts used in the manufacture of finished goods (materials, parts, containers, and supplies incorporated into products or
otherwise directly consumed in the process); (2) purchased items later resold without further manufacture; (3) fuels; (4) electricity; and (5) commissions or fees to outside parties for contract
manufacturing. A separate cost for each of the five components is shown in table 3a. Detailed data on materials consumed by type, are shown in table 7.
         6Detailed data on new machinery and equipment expenditures are provided in table 3c.
         7Represents ratio of primary product shipments to total product shipments (primary and secondary, excluding miscellaneous receipts) for establishments classified in the industry.
         8Represents ratio of primary products shipped by establishments classified in industry to total shipments of such products by all manufacturing establishments, wherever classified.




Table 1b.          Selected Operating Ratios for the Industry: 1992 and Earlier Years
[Excludes data for auxiliaries. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                                                                                    Cost of
                                                        Production                                                         Cost of            materials and
                                                        workers as                             Average hourly          materials as              payroll as
          Year                     Payroll              percent of      Annual hours              earnings of           percent of              percent of                                 Payroll as         Value added
                                       per                    total     of production              production             value of                 value of      Value added               percent of       per production
                                 employee              employment             workers                 workers           shipments               shipments       per employee             value added          worker hour
                                  (dollars)              (percent)          (number)                 (dollars)           (percent)                (percent)          (dollars)              (percent)             (dollars)

                                                                                       INDUSTRY 3631, HOUSEHOLD COOKING EQUIPMENT

1992   Census                       23    245                   80                1   993                  9.81                  61                      76            60   713                   38                 38.17
1991   ASM                          21    821                   80                1   892                  9.95                  62                      76            59   304                   37                 38.97
1990   ASM                          23    031                   80                1   974                 10.03                  61                      76            59   318                   39                 37.71
1989   ASM                          22    035                   79                1   969                  9.77                  63                      77            54   380                   41                 34.75
1988   ASM                          21    275                   79                1   925                  9.78                  64                      77            64   436                   33                 42.18
1987   Census                       21    726                   77                1   970                  9.72                  62                      76            57   895                   38                 38.08
1986   ASM                          20    806                   76                1   929                  9.51                  63                      77            58   797                   35                 40.04
1985   ASM                          20    347                   76                1   941                  9.02                  61                      76            51   095                   40                 34.44
1984   ASM                          19    668                   78                1   995                  8.64                  60                      76            55   191                   36                 35.64
1983   ASM                          18    442                   74                2   000                  8.22                  61                      76            48   185                   38                 32.41
1982   Census                       16    966                   72                1   847                  8.11                  58                      75            39   722                   43                 29.98
1981   ASM                          15    286                   77                2   014                  6.86                  61                      78            38   161                   40                 24.75
1980   ASM                          14    196                   75                2   005                  6.45                  61                      77            34   448                   41                 22.88
1979   ASM                          13    199                   74                1   949                  6.06                  58                      75            34   058                   39                 23.54
1978   ASM                          12    136                   77                1   875                  5.80                  58                      76            30   046                   40                 20.77
1977   Census                       11    382                   75                1   927                  5.38                  55                      72            30   870                   37                 21.31

                                                                             INDUSTRY 3632, HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

1992   Census                       28    307                   84                1   939                 12.81                  61                      78            64   138                   44                 39.26
1991   ASM                          27    775                   82                2   011                 12.85                  60                      76            63   619                   44                 38.74
1990   ASM                          25    814                   81                1   906                 12.58                  58                      74            62   047                   42                 40.01
1989   ASM                          27    139                   82                2   029                 12.75                  61                      78            65   611                   41                 39.37
1988   ASM                          25    763                   83                1   916                 12.77                  61                      79            56   985                   45                 35.70
1987   Census                       25    319                   84                1   921                 12.49                  61                      80            56   436                   45                 34.95
1986   ASM                          24    883                   84                1   910                 12.14                  59                      77            59   715                   42                 37.17
1985   ASM                          23    072                   83                1   853                 11.53                  57                      72            60   637                   38                 39.65
1984   ASM                          21    938                   85                1   858                 10.96                  66                      84            48   021                   46                 30.41
1983   ASM                          21    914                   83                1   909                 10.75                  59                      75            54   581                   40                 34.32
1982   Census                       19    696                   82                1   799                 10.28                  59                      77            46   085                   43                 31.19
1981   ASM                          17    332                   85                1   729                  9.21                  61                      79            39   111                   44                 26.77
1980   ASM                          15    518                   85                1   748                  8.14                  56                      73            38   029                   41                 25.73
1979   ASM                          14    692                   85                1   858                  7.36                  52                      68            39   121                   38                 24.74
1978   ASM                          14    147                   84                1   860                  6.79                  58                      77            31   526                   45                 20.17
1977   Census                       13    089                   83                1   909                  6.29                  56                      74            32   573                   40                 20.49


36B–8           HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                                               MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 2
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 1b.          Selected Operating Ratios for the Industry: 1992 and Earlier Years Con.
[Excludes data for auxiliaries. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                                                                  Cost of
                                                   Production                                                  Cost of      materials and
                                                   workers as                            Average hourly    materials as        payroll as
          Year                      Payroll        percent of           Annual hours        earnings of     percent of        percent of                        Payroll as     Value added
                                        per              total          of production        production       value of           value of     Value added       percent of   per production
                                  employee        employment                  workers           workers     shipments         shipments      per employee     value added      worker hour
                                   (dollars)        (percent)               (number)           (dollars)     (percent)          (percent)         (dollars)      (percent)         (dollars)

                                                                                   INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT

1992   Census                       29   796                85                 2   050            13.71             52                64          108   817            27             62.31
1991   ASM                          28   116                84                 1   976            13.65             52                64          103   238            27             61.94
1990   ASM                          27   298                86                 1   971            13.17             53                67           95   845            28             56.32
1989   ASM                          27   307                86                 1   951            13.22             53                68           87   988            31             52.73
1988   ASM                          27   054                85                 1   879            13.75             55                70           84   223            32             52.76

1987   Census                       27   892                84                 1   965            13.48             54                70           84   204            33             50.77
1986   ASM                          25   994                84                 1   952            12.51             51                66           87   379            30             52.98
1985   ASM                          24   157                84                 1   882            12.19             51                66           79   971            30             50.76
1984   ASM                          24   024                84                 1   915            11.83             53                68           77   395            31             47.87
1983   ASM                          22   478                84                 1   868            11.35             54                70           69   242            32             43.89

1982   Census                       20   327                81                 1   746            11.16             53                68           59   642            34             42.06
1981   ASM                          19   058                83                 1   801             9.97             55                71           54   037            35             36.35
1980   ASM                          17   271                82                 1   809             9.04             54                69           51   536            34             34.84
1979   ASM                          16   070                83                 1   850             8.14             52                67           53   060            30             34.51
1978   ASM                          14   714                82                 1   832             7.52             52                67           46   862            31             31.14
1977   Census                       13   526                82                 1   849             6.88             53                68           43   541            31             28.73

                                                                                   INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC HOUSEWARES AND FANS

1992   Census                       19   637                81                 1   873             8.45             53                66           67   990            29             44.89
1991   ASM                          19   229                80                 1   799             8.69             53                68           58   123            33             40.34
1990   ASM                          18   558                78                 1   800             8.50             53                69           57   229            32             40.60
1989   ASM                          17   880                79                 1   820             8.00             53                68           57   467            31             39.90
1988   ASM                          17   535                76                 1   923             7.61             53                69           52   071            34             35.46

1987   Census                       17   231                76                 1   927             7.58             51                66           54   904            31             37.25
1986   ASM                          17   559                74                 1   901             7.57             53                69           50   224            35             35.47
1985   ASM                          17   078                76                 1   872             7.61             50                67           50   378            34             35.31
1984   ASM                          15   789                78                 1   833             7.18             50                66           50   444            31             35.45
1983   ASM                          15   092                78                 1   815             6.84             49                66           45   544            33             32.15

1982   Census                       13   930                76                 1   857             6.27             50                67           39   067            36             27.79
1981   ASM                          12   916                78                 1   874             6.04             53                71           34   443            37             23.64
1980   ASM                          12   195                78                 1   908             5.69             50                68           35   881            34             24.07
1979   ASM                          11   350                78                 1   875             5.31             51                70           30   286            37             20.60
1978   ASM                          10   484                78                 1   853             4.85             48                67           28   667            37             19.71
1977   Census                        9   698                79                 1   899             4.27             46                64           28   873            34             19.13

                                                                                    INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS

1992   Census                       24   664                68                 1   974            11.32             45                60           93   327            26             69.38
1991   ASM                          23   739                69                 1   927            11.20             46                62           80   824            29             60.87
1990   ASM                          23   839                69                 2   000            10.85             46                62           80   468            30             58.01
1989   ASM                          22   916                70                 1   916            10.89             48                65           70   235            33             52.57
1988   ASM                          22   518                66                 1   920            11.34             48                66           69   789            32             55.25

1987   Census                       21   867                67                 1   895            11.30             47                66           63   558            34             49.88
1986   ASM                          21   078                65                 1   987            10.22             47                65           61   113            34             47.17
1985   ASM                          21   107                67                 1   907            10.48             46                64           61   777            34             48.38
1984   ASM                          19   958                69                 1   890            10.12             47                65           62   731            32             48.16
1983   ASM                          18   752                66                 1   851             9.84             44                63           55   119            34             44.90

1982   Census                       17   988                62                 1   827             9.96             38                57           55   190            33             48.80
1981   ASM                          16   158                66                 1   794             8.90             45                65           44   979            36             37.81
1980   ASM                          14   476                68                 1   800             8.02             44                64           40   097            36             32.78
1979   ASM                          13   196                69                 1   870             7.05             43                62           41   000            32             31.89
1978   ASM                          12   143                70                 1   784             6.57             41                60           38   905            31             30.95
1977   Census                       11   260                71                 1   757             6.09             42                60           36   577            31             29.26

                                                                                     INDUSTRY 3639, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, N.E.C.

1992   Census                       25   961                83                 2   000            12.07             62                72           83   567            31             50.54
1991   ASM                          24   293                84                 2   000            11.29             60                71           77   393            31             46.30
1990   ASM                          25   063                83                 1   992            11.71             60                71           89   218            28             53.91
1989   ASM                          24   456                83                 2   033            11.11             57                67          112   088            22             66.44
1988   ASM                          23   796                82                 1   968            11.32             53                68           72   605            33             44.86

1987   Census                       23   138                82                 1   985            10.63             50                66           75   969            30             46.75
1986   ASM                          22   365                83                 1   950            10.54             55                71           63   102            35             38.89
1985   ASM                          21   069                83                 2   023             9.71             53                68           63   681            33             38.16
1984   ASM                          20   883                84                 2   044             9.43             54                70           63   302            33             36.89
1983   ASM                          19   994                83                 1   992             9.22             55                71           55   395            36             33.58

1982   Census                       17   775                80                 1   904             8.30             53                70           47   451            37             31.05
1981   ASM                          17   260                81                 1   911             8.17             54                72           44   987            38             29.23
1980   ASM                          15   490                80                 1   881             7.48             54                72           39   675            39             26.28
1979   ASM                          14   445                81                 1   893             6.88             57                74           37   277            39             24.34
1978   ASM                          13   128                80                 1   847             6.40             57                74           33   317            39             22.58
1977   Census                       12   459                82                 1   961             5.71             56                73           33   624            37             21.03

         Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 1a.




MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                          HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–9
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 3
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 2.         Industry Statistics for Selected States: 1992 and 1987
[Excludes data for auxiliaries. States with 100 employees or more are shown. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                                          1992                                                                              1987

                                              All establishments    All employees              Production workers
                                                                                                                                                                         New
   Industry and geographic area                          With 20                                                          Value added                                 capital                Value added
                                                         employ-                                                          by manufac-      Cost of      Value of    expend-           All    by manufac-
                                                          ees or             Payroll                             Wages             ture   materials   shipments        itures   employ-               ture
                                                 Total     more Number2      (million     Number      Hours      (million      (million    (million      (million    (million       ees2          (million
                                      E1         (no.)      (no.) (1,000)    dollars)      (1,000) (millions)    dollars)      dollars)    dollars)      dollars)    dollars)    (1,000)          dollars)

INDUSTRY 3631,
 HOUSEHOLD COOKING
 EQUIPMENT

         United States                    –        89         43     18.8      437.0         15.0       29.9        293.4     1 141.4      1 811.7      2 950.0         82.9        21.9           1 267.9
Alabama                                   –         2          2        F        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          F                (D)
Arkansas                                  –         3          1        E        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          E                (D)
California                                –        11          3        F        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)         G                 (D)
Georgia                                   –         5          3       H         (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)         17.9       (NA)                (D)
Illinois                                  –        10          8      2.3       56.0          1.8        3.7         37.9        101.1       166.0        264.2          (D)        1.6               88.7
Indiana                                   –          5         2       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          F                (D)
Kentucky                                  –          2         1       F            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         G                 (D)
Mississippi                               –          3         2       F            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Missouri                                  –          4         2       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          F                (D)
Ohio                                      –          6         4       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         G                 (D)
Pennsylvania                         E1              4         2        C        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)         G                 (D)
South Carolina                        –              1         1        F        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)       (NA)               (NA)
Tennessee                             –              9         8      4.5      113.2          3.5        7.8         71.8        298.8       542.8        850.4         21.8        4.7              245.3


INDUSTRY 3632,
 HOUSEHOLD
 REFRIGERATORS AND
 FREEZERS

         United States                    –        58         19     25.4      719.0         21.4       41.5        531.7     1 629.1      2 596.6      4 232.4       187.4         25.7           1 450.4
Alabama                               –             1          1       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          F                (D)
Arizona                              E9             1          1       C            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Arkansas                              –             1          1       H            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
California                            –            10          1       E            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         E                 (D)
Illinois                              –             2          1       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Indiana                               –              3         2        I           (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Iowa                                  –              1         1       H            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         G                 (D)
Kentucky                              –              1         1       H            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Massachusetts                        E1              3         1       E            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         E                 (D)
Michigan                              –              4         1       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Minnesota                                 –          2         1       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          F                (D)
Ohio                                      –          4         2       E            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)               (NA)
South Carolina                            –          2         1       F            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         E                 (D)
Tennessee                                 –          1         1       C            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)               (NA)
Wisconsin                                 –          2         2       E            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         E                 (D)


INDUSTRY 3633,
 HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY
 EQUIPMENT

         United States                    –        17         15     14.2      423.1         12.1       24.8        340.0     1 545.2      1 721.2      3 328.5         93.6        16.7           1 406.2
Arkansas                                  –          1         1       E            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         E                 (D)
Illinois                                  –          2         1       F            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          F                (D)
Indiana                                   –          2         1       F            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)               (NA)
Iowa                                      –          4         4       H            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Kentucky                                  –          1         1       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Michigan                                  –          1         1       E            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          F                (D)
Missouri                                  –          1         1       C            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)               (NA)
Ohio                                      –          2         2        I           (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)       (NA)                (D)
Wisconsin                                 –          1         1       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)         G                 (D)


INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC
 HOUSEWARES AND FANS

         United States                    –       209         81     20.4      400.6         16.5       30.9        261.0     1 387.0      1 525.0      2 897.5         46.3        25.1           1 378.1
Alabama                               –             5          2        E        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)           .1          E                (D)
Arkansas                              –             3          2        C        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)       (NA)                (D)
California                           E1            20          8       .6       12.4           .5         .9          8.1         60.1        70.3        125.5          1.7         .6               52.1
Connecticut                           –             3          2        F        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)         G                 (D)
Georgia                               –             4          2        C        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)       (NA)               (NA)
Illinois                              –            15          2       G         (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)          .2         G                 (D)
Indiana                               –             8          3       .6       11.7           .5         .9          7.5         22.6        34.6          56.7         4.3         E                 (D)
Iowa                                 E1             3          1        C        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)         (D)       (NA)               (NA)
Kansas                                –             3          2        E        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)         (D)         E                 (D)
Louisiana                             –             4          1        E        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)         (D)         E                 (D)
Mississippi                           –             7          6       G            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)         (D)         G                 (D)
Missouri                              –             8          6       H            (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)         (D)         G                 (D)
New Jersey                           E3             5          1       .1           1.6        .1         .2          1.1          3.9         6.0           9.9         (D)       (NA)                (D)
New Mexico                            –             1          1        E           (D)       (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)           (D)         (D)          E                (D)
New York                             E2            18          2       .3           5.7        .3         .6          4.0         24.5        17.6          41.3          .7         E                 (D)
North Carolina                       E1             8          5       H         (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          6.1       (NA)                (D)
Ohio                                  –            13          8      2.0       43.9          1.3        2.6         24.4        197.6       202.3        406.4          6.6         G                 (D)
Pennsylvania                         E1             8          3        E        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          F                (D)
South Carolina                        –             2          1        E        (D)          (D)        (D)          (D)          (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)         .6               29.8
Tennessee                             –             7          4      1.3       24.5          1.0        1.5         13.9         47.2       113.2        160.6          (D)       (NA)                (D)

         See footnotes at end of table.


36B–10           HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                                 MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 4
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 2.         Industry Statistics for Selected States: 1992 and 1987 Con.
[Excludes data for auxiliaries. States with 100 employees or more are shown. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                                       1992                                                                                          1987

                                             All establishments    All employees            Production workers
                                                                                                                                                                               New
   Industry and geographic area                         With 20                                                           Value added                                       capital                   Value added
                                                        employ-                                                           by manufac-         Cost of         Value of    expend-            All      by manufac-
                                                         ees or             Payroll                              Wages             ture      materials      shipments        itures    employ-                 ture
                                                Total     more Number2      (million   Number      Hours         (million      (million       (million         (million    (million        ees2            (million
                                     E1         (no.)      (no.) (1,000)    dollars)    (1,000) (millions)       dollars)      dollars)       dollars)         dollars)    dollars)     (1,000)            dollars)

INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC
 HOUSEWARES AND FANS
   Con.

Texas                                 –             7         4       .8       12.0         .7        1.3             8.5            40.4            57.9       104.5          1.2           F                  (D)
Virginia                             E5             3         3        C        (D)        (D)        (D)             (D)             (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           E                  (D)
Washington                            –             6         1        C        (D)        (D)        (D)             (D)             (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)        (NA)                  (D)
Wisconsin                             –             9         5       G         (D)        (D)        (D)             (D)             (D)             (D)         (D)         10.0         2.6                146.4


INDUSTRY 3635,
 HOUSEHOLD VACUUM
 CLEANERS

        United States                E1           43         22     11.3      278.7        7.7       15.2          172.1          1 054.6        859.8        1 905.3         66.8            11.3            718.2
Arkansas                              –            1          1        C        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)        (NA)                 (NA)
California                            –            5          1        C        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)        (NA)                  (D)
Illinois                              –            3          1       G         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)        (NA)                  (D)
Kentucky                              –            1          1        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)          G                   (D)
Michigan                              –            2          1        E        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)           E                  (D)
Mississippi                           –            1          1        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)        (NA)                  (D)
Ohio                                 E2           11          8      3.9      119.9        2.7        5.1           70.6            498.8        247.2          736.3          (D)        (NA)                  (D)
Pennsylvania                          –            1          1        E        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)           E                  (D)
South Carolina                        –            1          1       G         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)          G                   (D)
Tennessee                             –            1          1        C        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)        (NA)                 (NA)
Texas                                 –            4          3        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)           E                  (D)
Virginia                              –            1          1        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)           E                  (D)


INDUSTRY 3639,
 HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES,
 N.E.C.

        United States                    –        68         34     12.7      329.7       10.5       21.0          253.5          1 061.3     1 954.5         3 169.1         79.2            16.0          1 215.5
Alabama                               –            1          1        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           F                   (D)
California                           E5           13          5       .8       19.7         .6        1.2           13.6             42.4            70.9       114.2          1.1           F                  (D)
Illinois                              –            2          2        C        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           F                   (D)
Kentucky                              –            2          1       G         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)          G                    (D)
Massachusetts                        E4            5          3       .2        4.2         .2         .3            2.4              8.8            11.6        20.3          (D)        (NA)                 (NA)
Michigan                              –            1          1        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           F                   (D)
Nevada                               E9            1          1        C        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           F                   (D)
New York                             E7            9          3        C        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           E                   (D)
North Carolina                        –            3          2        F        (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)        (NA)                 (NA)
Ohio                                  –            5          3       G         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)        (NA)                   (D)
South Carolina                        –            2          2       G         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)           F                   (D)
Tennessee                            E3            4          4       H         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)        (NA)                   (D)
Wisconsin                             –            6          4       G         (D)        (D)        (D)            (D)              (D)             (D)         (D)          (D)          G                    (D)

        Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 1a.
        1Payroll and sales data for some small single-establishment companies with up to 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry) were obtained from administrative records of other Government
agencies rather than from census report forms. These data were then used in conjunction with industry averages to estimate the items shown for these small establishments. This technique was
also used for a small number of other establishments whose reports were not received at the time data were tabulated. The following symbols are shown for those States where estimated value of
shipments data based on administrative-record data account for 10 percent or more of figure shown: E1 10 to 19 percent; E2 20 to 29 percent; E3 30 to 39 percent; E4 40 to 49 percent;
E5 50 to 59 percent; E6 60 to 69 percent; E7 70 to 79 percent; E8 80 to 89 percent; E9 90 percent or more.
        2Statistics for some producing States have been withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual companies. However, for States with 100 employees or more, number of establishments is
shown and employment-size range is indicated by one of the following symbols: C 100 to 249 employees; E 250 to 499 employees; F 500 to 999 employees; G 1,000 to 2,499 employees;
H 2,500 to 4,999 employees; I 5,000 to 9,999 employees; J 10,000 to 24,999 employees; K 25,000 to 49,999 employees; L 50,000 to 99,999 employees; M 100,000 employees or more.




Table 3a.         Summary Statistics for the Industry: 1992
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                             Household              Household          Household              Electric       Household
                                         Item                                                   cooking      refrigerators and             laundry    housewares and            vacuum                 Household
                                                                                              equipment                freezers         equipment                fans          cleaners         appliances, n.e.c.
                                                                                             (SIC 3631)             (SIC 3632)         (SIC 3633)          (SIC 3634)        (SIC 3635)                (SIC 3639)

Companies                                                                  number                    80                     52                 10                 189                   35                       61
All establishments                                                         number                    89                     58                 17                 209                   43                       68
  With 1 to 19 employees                                                   number                    46                     39                  2                 128                   21                       34
  With 20 to 99 employees                                                  number                    12                      3                  3                  34                    6                       17
  With 100 employees or more                                               number                    31                     16                 12                  47                   16                       17
Employment and labor costs:
 Employees                                                                  1,000                  18.8                  25.4                14.2                20.4                  11.3                    12.7
 Compensation, total                                                       mil dol                554.2                 937.7               556.5               504.4                 349.3                   426.8
   Annual payroll                                                          mil dol                437.0                 719.0               423.1               400.6                 278.7                   329.7
   Fringe benefits                                                         mil dol                117.3                 218.7               133.4               103.9                  70.6                    97.0
     Social Security and other legally required payments                   mil dol                 45.4                  76.1                44.4                44.0                  30.4                    40.3
     Employer voluntary payments                                           mil dol                 71.9                 142.6                89.1                59.9                  40.2                    56.7

        See footnotes at end of table.


MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                                HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–11
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 5
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 3a.             Summary Statistics for the Industry: 1992 Con.
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                               Household            Household        Household             Electric       Household
                                          Item                                                    cooking    refrigerators and           laundry   housewares and            vacuum               Household
                                                                                                equipment              freezers       equipment               fans          cleaners       appliances, n.e.c.
                                                                                               (SIC 3631)           (SIC 3632)       (SIC 3633)         (SIC 3634)        (SIC 3635)              (SIC 3639)

Production workers:
  Average for year                                                             1,000                  15.0                21.4             12.1               16.5                7.7                   10.5
    March                                                                      1,000                  15.8                21.3             12.2               15.1                7.4                   10.4
    May                                                                        1,000                  15.7                22.3             12.6               16.3                7.7                   10.7
    August                                                                     1,000                  13.8                21.6             11.5               17.1                7.8                   10.5
    November                                                                   1,000                  14.5                20.5             12.2               17.7                7.9                   10.4

  Hours                                                                      millions                 29.9                41.5             24.8               30.9               15.2                   21.0

  Wages                                                                       mil dol                293.4              531.7             340.0              261.0              172.1                  253.5

Cost of materials1                                                            mil   dol           1 811.7             2 596.6           1 721.2            1 525.0              859.8               1 954.5
  Materials, parts, containers, etc., consumed2                               mil   dol           1 482.0             2 375.7           1 531.7            1 278.2              804.4               1 230.4
  Resales                                                                     mil   dol             284.4               178.5             158.8              211.8               31.3                 694.6
  Fuels                                                                       mil   dol              10.0                 6.7               9.4                5.9                3.4                   7.0
  Purchased electricity                                                       mil   dol              18.5                27.6              20.2               20.0               13.2                  16.4
  Contract work                                                               mil   dol              16.8                 8.0               1.1                9.1                7.4                   6.1

Quantity of electric energy used for heat and power:
 Purchased                                                                   mil kWh                 372.2              589.5             473.9              330.0              248.1                  350.5
 Generated less sold                                                         mil kWh                   (D)                (D)               (D)                  –                  –                    (D)

Total value of shipments                                                      mil dol             2 950.0             4 232.4           3 328.5            2 897.5           1 905.3                3 169.1

Value added                                                                   mil dol             1 141.4             1 629.1           1 545.2            1 387.0           1 054.6                1 061.3

Inventories by stage of fabrication:
  Beginning of 1992                                                           mil   dol              451.2              458.8             330.8              443.4              218.3                  362.7
    Finished goods                                                            mil   dol              244.1              312.9             219.8              224.2              112.2                  256.4
    Work in process                                                           mil   dol               84.2               43.3              48.9               66.3               57.7                   33.4
    Materials and supplies                                                    mil   dol              122.9              102.6              62.0              152.9               48.4                   73.0

  End of 1992                                                                 mil   dol              466.2              446.7             264.4              482.7              230.5                  204.2
    Finished goods                                                            mil   dol              255.2              311.8             163.5              236.2              119.4                  101.0
    Work in process                                                           mil   dol               76.2               37.7              43.2               68.9               59.6                   35.4
    Materials and supplies                                                    mil   dol              134.8               97.2              57.7              177.7               51.6                   67.8

          Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 1a.
          1Data   on purchased services for the repair of buildings and machinery and for communication services are not included in cost of materials, etc., but are shown in table 3c.
          2Data   on materials consumed by type are shown in table 7. Data on amount purchased or transferred from foreign sources are shown in table 3c.




Table 3b.             Gross Book Value of Depreciable Assets, Capital Expenditures, Retirements,
                      Depreciation, and Rental Payments: 1992
[Million dollars. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                               Household            Household        Household             Electric       Household
                                          Item                                                    cooking    refrigerators and           laundry   housewares and            vacuum               Household
                                                                                                equipment              freezers       equipment               fans          cleaners       appliances, n.e.c.
                                                                                               (SIC 3631)           (SIC 3632)       (SIC 3633)         (SIC 3634)        (SIC 3635)              (SIC 3639)

Gross book value of depreciable assets:
  Total:
    Beginning of year                                                                                968.3            1 462.9           1 103.8              629.7              534.3                  741.7
       New capital expenditures1                                                                      82.9              187.4              93.6               46.3               66.8                   79.2
       Used capital expenditures                                                                      15.2                1.4               (D)                5.4                9.0                    7.8
       Retirements                                                                                    73.8               43.2               (D)               39.7               14.9                   56.9
    End of year                                                                                      992.6            1 608.5           1 182.7              641.7              595.2                  771.8
  Buildings and other structures:
    Beginning of year                                                                                201.9              332.7             226.4              142.2              118.0                  340.7
       New capital expenditures                                                                        4.8               16.3              12.3                4.1                5.2                    1.5
       Used capital expenditures                                                                       (D)                (D)               (D)                (D)                (D)                    (D)
       Retirements                                                                                     (D)                (D)               (D)                (D)                (D)                    (D)
    End of year                                                                                      197.5              347.6             238.4              146.8              127.4                  328.2
  Machinery and equipment:
    Beginning of year                                                                                766.4            1 130.3             877.4              487.5              416.3                  400.9
       New capital expenditures1                                                                      78.1              171.1              81.4               42.2               61.6                   77.7
       Used capital expenditures                                                                       (D)                (D)               (D)                (D)                (D)                    (D)
       Retirements                                                                                     (D)                (D)               (D)                (D)                (D)                    (D)
    End of year                                                                                      795.2            1 260.9             944.3              494.8              467.8                  443.6

Depreciation charges during 1992:
  Total                                                                                               75.1              113.7              74.0               62.3               45.2                   51.5
    Buildings and other structures                                                                    11.1               14.1               7.9               10.9                4.5                   24.3
    Machinery and equipment                                                                           64.0               99.6              66.0               51.4               40.7                   27.2

Rental payments:
 Total                                                                                                17.6                 9.6               2.9              16.7               10.7                   17.5
    Buildings and other structures                                                                     9.6                 3.8               1.0               9.8                4.8                    5.1
    Machinery and equipment                                                                            8.1                 5.8               1.8               6.9                5.9                   12.4

          1Data   on new machinery and equipment expenditures by type are provided in table 3c.




36B–12             HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                               MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 6
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 3c.         Supplemental Industry Statistics Based on Sample Estimates: 1992
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                                                                             Household refrigerators and
                                                                                        Household cooking equipment                                              Household laundry equipment
                                                                                                                                     freezers
                                                                                                (SIC 3631)                                                               (SIC 3633)
                                                                                                                                    (SIC 3632)

                                       Item                                                                     Relative                            Relative                             Relative
                                                                                                               standard                            standard                             standard
                                                                                              Amount            error of          Amount            error of          Amount             error of
                                                                                              (million        estimate1           (million        estimate1           (million         estimate1
                                                                                              dollars)        (percent)           dollars)        (percent)           dollars)         (percent)

Purchased services:
  Cost of purchased services for the repair of–
    Buildings and other structures                                                                4.8                  (X)            3.2                  (X)            2.2                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         92.1                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           99.9                   (X)
    Machinery                                                                                    14.8                  (X)           15.2                  (X)            5.9                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         93.3                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           99.9                   (X)
  Other purchased services:
    Communications                                                                                4.1                  (X)            2.4                  (X)            1.1                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         88.4                  (X)           66.7                  (X)           82.8                   (X)
    Legal                                                                                         2.0                  (X)             .9                  (X)             .5                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         91.6                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           94.9                   (X)
    Accounting and bookkeeping                                                                    2.4                  (X)             .4                  (X)             .1                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         91.6                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           94.9                   (X)
    Advertising                                                                                  94.8                  (X)             .1                  (X)           26.2                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         92.1                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           94.9                   (X)
    Software and other data processing                                                            1.9                  (X)            1.7                  (X)             .4                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         91.6                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           94.9                   (X)
    Refuse removal, including hazardous waste                                                     2.2                  (X)            1.6                  (X)            1.6                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         91.6                  (X)           87.5                  (X)           99.9                   (X)

New machinery and equipment expenditures                                                         78.1                  (X)          171.1                  (X)           81.4                   (X)
 Automobiles, trucks, etc., for highway use                                                        .5                   41             .2                    1             .1                     1
 Computers and peripheral data processing equipment                                               5.9                    3            8.5                    1            4.3                     1
 All other                                                                                       71.8                    1          162.4                    1           77.0                     1
   Adjustment ratio3                                                                              1.1                  (X)            1.0                  (X)            1.0                   (X)

Cost of materials, components, parts, etc., used                                              1 482.0                  (X)       2 375.7                   (X)       1 531.7                    (X)
  Materials purchased or transferred from foreign sources4                                       69.4                    1         267.2                     1          22.8                      1
  Materials purchased or transferred from domestic sources                                    1 412.6                    1       2 108.5                     1       1 508.9                      1
    Adjustment ratio3                                                                             1.5                  (X)           1.2                   (X)           1.5                    (X)

                                                                                        Electric housewares and fans         Household vacuum cleaners           Household appliances, n.e.c.
                                                                                                  (SIC 3634)                        (SIC 3635)                          (SIC 3639)

                                       Item                                                                     Relative                            Relative                             Relative
                                                                                                               standard                            standard                             standard
                                                                                              Amount            error of          Amount            error of          Amount             error of
                                                                                              (million        estimate1           (million        estimate1           (million         estimate1
                                                                                              dollars)        (percent)           dollars)        (percent)           dollars)         (percent)

Purchased services:
  Cost of purchased services for the repair of–
    Buildings and other structures                                                                3.3                  (X)            1.7                  (X)            3.2                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         91.1                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           75.7                   (X)
    Machinery                                                                                    16.4                  (X)            6.9                  (X)            7.6                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         85.8                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           75.7                   (X)
  Other purchased services:
    Communications                                                                                5.6                  (X)            5.7                  (X)            2.3                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         80.6                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           69.1                   (X)
    Legal                                                                                         4.1                  (X)            7.5                  (X)            2.2                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         83.4                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           81.5                   (X)
    Accounting and bookkeeping                                                                    1.6                  (X)            2.0                  (X)             .4                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         83.4                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           78.8                   (X)
    Advertising                                                                                  36.4                  (X)           66.8                  (X)           16.0                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         87.1                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           81.5                   (X)
    Software and other data processing                                                             .7                  (X)            3.1                  (X)            2.7                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         87.5                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           81.5                   (X)
    Refuse removal, including hazardous waste                                                     1.8                  (X)            1.1                  (X)            1.4                   (X)
      Response coverage ratio (percent)2                                                         88.8                  (X)           97.7                  (X)           75.7                   (X)

New machinery and equipment expenditures                                                         42.2                  (X)           61.6                  (X)           77.7                   (X)
 Automobiles, trucks, etc., for highway use                                                        .6                   49             .1                   14            (Z)                   (X)
 Computers and peripheral data processing equipment                                               1.8                    8            6.1                    7            2.0                     1
 All other                                                                                       39.7                    1           55.3                    1           75.6                     1
   Adjustment ratio3                                                                              1.0                  (X)            1.1                  (X)            1.0                   (X)

Cost of materials, components, parts, etc., used                                              1 278.2                  (X)          804.4                  (X)       1 230.4                    (X)
  Materials purchased or transferred from foreign sources4                                      174.9                   15           26.5                   12          12.4                      1
  Materials purchased or transferred from domestic sources                                    1 103.3                    3          777.9                    1       1 218.0                      1
    Adjustment ratio3                                                                             1.3                  (X)            1.1                  (X)           1.3                    (X)

         Note: The amounts shown for purchased services reflect only those services that establishments purchase from other companies. Amounts purchased by separate central admnistrative
offices and services provided to establishments by central administrative offices are excluded.
         1For description of relative standard error of estimate, see Qualifications of the Data in appendixes.
         2A response coverage ratio is derived for this item by calculating the ratio of the weighted employment (establishment data multiplied by sample weight, see appendix B) for those ASM
establishments that reported to the weighted total employment for all ASM establishments classified in the industry.
         3Detail has been adjusted upwards to account for nonresponse. Inverse of the ratio shown represents a measure of the response of the inquiry. (See appendixes for further explanation.)
         4Data may understate the true cost of imported parts, components, and supplies since some respondents do not know the origin of these materials. Includes cases where materials were
purchased from secondary suppliers or where they were transferred from company-operated warehouses or other distribution points. Direct purchases from foreign suppliers and importers by
domestic manufacturing establishments are believed to be reported accurately.




MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                      HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–13
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 7
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 4.        Industry Statistics by Employment Size of Establishment: 1992
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                        All employees              Production workers               Value                                    New    End-of-
                                                                All                                                              added by                                 capital      year
       Industry and employment size class                   estab-                                                               manufac-      Cost of      Value of    expend-      inven-
                                                              lish-               Payroll                             Wages            ture   materials   shipments        itures     tories
                                                            ments     Number      (million    Number        Hours     (million     (million    (million      (million    (million   (million
                                                     E1      (no.)     (1,000)    dollars)     (1,000)   (millions)   dollars)     dollars)    dollars)      dollars)    dollars)   dollars)

INDUSTRY 3631, HOUSEHOLD COOKING
 EQUIPMENT

        Total                                         –         89       18.8       437.0        15.0         29.9      293.4     1 141.4      1 811.7      2 950.0         82.9     466.2

Establishments with an average of
  1 to 4 employees                                  E9          23        (Z)         1.0         (Z)           .1         .7          2.5         3.8          6.3           .2       1.1
  5 to 9 employees                                  E9          14         .1         1.9          .1           .1        1.3          4.8         7.3         12.0           .3       2.0
  10 to 19 employees                                E2           9         .1         2.6          .1           .2        1.2          6.9         8.3         15.1           .7       3.2
  20 to 49 employees                                 –           7         .2         4.7          .2           .3        2.9         10.7        10.7         21.2           .4       4.2
  50 to 99 employees                                 –           5         .4         8.3          .3           .6        4.2         24.6        29.5         52.1          2.1      11.5
  100 to 249 employees                               –           9        1.6        27.9         1.2          2.2       15.5         76.8        79.1        162.9          4.0      14.0
  250 to 499 employees                               –           8        2.6        60.3         2.2          4.5       46.7        109.2       153.1        255.5          7.4      48.7
  500 to 999 employees                               –          11        8.0       199.0         6.5         12.9      137.6        509.5       880.6      1 370.2         37.6     236.7
  1,000 to 2,499 employees                           –           3        5.7       131.2         4.4          8.9       83.4        396.5       639.3      1 054.7         30.2     144.9
Covered by administrative records2                  E9          31          .1          1.9         .1          .2        1.3          4.8         7.7          12.5          .3        2.1


INDUSTRY 3632, HOUSEHOLD
 REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

        Total                                         –         58       25.4       719.0        21.4         41.5      531.7     1 629.1      2 596.6      4 232.4       187.4      446.7

Establishments with an average of
  1 to 4 employees                                  E9          27        (Z)         1.0         (Z)           .1         .8         2.3          3.1          5.3           .1        .8
  5 to 9 employees                                  E5           8         .1         1.0         (Z)           .1         .7         3.7          4.2          7.7           .3        .9
  10 to 19 employees                                E9           4        (Z)         1.5         (Z)           .1        1.1         3.6          4.9          8.4           .9       1.6
  50 to 99 employees                                 –           3         .2         5.1          .2           .3        3.0        18.6         15.8         34.1          (D)       4.9
  100 to 249 employees                              E2           3         .5        10.0          .4           .9        7.7        29.8         72.9        102.2          3.0       9.2
  250 to 499 employees                               –           3        1.7        41.1         1.4          3.0       31.6       165.4        230.4        394.8          4.1      34.5
  500 to 999 employees                               –           1        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  1,000 to 2,499 employees                           –           5        9.8       272.2         8.5         16.1      218.7       540.6      1 054.8      1 635.4         99.8     116.1
  2,500 employees or more                            –           4       13.2       387.0        10.8         21.0      268.2       865.1      1 210.5      2 044.4         79.0     278.8
Covered by administrative records2                  E9          32          .1          1.7         .1          .1        1.3          3.8         5.2           9.0          .2        1.4


INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY
 EQUIPMENT

        Total                                         –         17       14.2       423.1        12.1         24.8      340.0     1 545.2      1 721.2      3 328.5         93.6     264.4

Establishments with an average of
  1 to 4 employees                                  E9           1         .4         9.4          .3           .8        7.6        24.0         28.6         51.8          (D)       7.9
  5 to 9 employees                                   –           1        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  20 to 49 employees                                E7           3        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  100 to 249 employees                               –           2        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  250 to 499 employees                               –           2        1.8        51.6         1.5          3.2       40.0       142.2        167.0        310.2          (D)      23.2
  500 to 999 employees                               –           2        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  1,000 to 2,499 employees                           –           5       12.0       362.1        10.3         20.8      292.3     1 379.0      1 525.6      2 966.5          (D)     233.3
  2,500 employees or more                            –           1        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
Covered by administrative records2                  E9           1         (Z)          (Z)        (Z)         (Z)        (Z)            .1          .1            .2        (Z)        (Z)


INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC
 HOUSEWARES AND FANS

        Total                                         –       209        20.4       400.6        16.5         30.9      261.0     1 387.0      1 525.0      2 897.5         46.3     482.7

Establishments with an average of
  1 to 4 employees                                  E9          64         .1         2.4          .1           .2        1.6         6.9          8.6         15.5           .2       2.8
  5 to 9 employees                                  E7          39         .3         6.2          .2           .4        4.1        16.9         22.0         38.9           .5       6.8
  10 to 19 employees                                E4          25         .4         7.8          .3           .5        5.1        20.6         24.2         44.8           .7       8.2
  20 to 49 employees                                E1          19         .6        10.9          .4           .7        6.3        33.3         44.2         77.0          1.0      15.4
  50 to 99 employees                                 –          15        1.1        22.8          .8          1.6       12.5        77.6         91.8        165.7          5.4      27.9
  100 to 249 employees                               –          19        3.3        64.9         2.7          5.2       41.1       231.9        310.6        526.6          6.8     115.3
  250 to 499 employees                               –          17        6.2       109.2         5.2          9.7       76.6       389.7        465.4        863.1         14.2     126.9
  500 to 999 employees                               –          10        8.5       176.4         6.8         12.7      113.6       610.1        558.3      1 165.8         17.6     179.6
  1,000 to 2,499 employees                           –           1        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
Covered by administrative records2                  E9          84          .3          5.9         .3          .4        3.9         13.9        17.0          30.9          .4        5.7



INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM
 CLEANERS

        Total                                       E1          43       11.3       278.7         7.7         15.2      172.1     1 054.6        859.8      1 905.3         66.8     230.5

Establishments with an average of
  1 to 4 employees                                  E9          11        (Z)          .4         (Z)          (Z)         .3         1.4          1.2          2.6           .1        .4
  5 to 9 employees                                  E6           7         .1         1.8         (Z)           .1         .8         7.4         22.5         30.0           .2       2.2
  10 to 19 employees                                E1           3        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  20 to 49 employees                                E6           4         .3         6.3          .2           .4        3.8        21.1         19.8         40.5           .6       5.8
  50 to 99 employees                                 –           2        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
  100 to 249 employees                              E6           5         .8        18.9          .7          1.2       11.0        97.2        104.5        202.3         15.5      15.8
  250 to 499 employees                              E1           5        1.9        54.3         1.3          2.9       28.8       239.4        248.8        485.6          3.7      50.3
  500 to 999 employees                               –           3        2.1        52.9         1.6          3.1       32.8       170.3        193.6        354.7         23.8      37.5
  1,000 to 2,499 employees                           –           2        6.0       144.2         3.8          7.6       94.5       517.8        269.3        789.6         22.9     118.5
  2,500 employees or more                            –           1        (D)         (D)         (D)          (D)        (D)         (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)       (D)
Covered by administrative records2                  E9          17          .1          1.2        (Z)          .1         .7          3.5         3.0           6.6          .1          .9

        See footnotes at end of table.


36B–14          HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                             MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 8
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 4.          Industry Statistics by Employment Size of Establishment: 1992 Con.
[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                                                            All employees               Production workers                   Value                                      New      End-of-
                                                                   All                                                                    added by                                   capital        year
          Industry and employment size class                   estab-                                                                     manufac-        Cost of      Value of    expend-        inven-
                                                                 lish-                Payroll                                Wages              ture     materials   shipments        itures       tories
                                                               ments     Number       (million    Number          Hours      (million       (million      (million      (million    (million     (million
                                                       E1       (no.)     (1,000)     dollars)     (1,000)     (millions)    dollars)       dollars)      dollars)      dollars)    dollars)     dollars)

INDUSTRY 3639, HOUSEHOLD
 APPLIANCES, N.E.C.

          Total                                            –        68       12.7       329.7        10.5           21.0       253.5         1 061.3      1 954.5      3 169.1         79.2        204.2


Establishments with an average of
  1 to 4 employees                                     E9           17        (Z)          .7           (Z)           .1          .5             2.2          2.7          4.9           (D)           .6
  5 to 9 employees                                     E6           10         .1         1.7            .1           .1         1.3             4.5          5.6         10.1           (D)          1.3
  10 to 19 employees                                   E4            7         .1         2.1            .1           .2         1.7             7.7          9.4         17.1           (D)          2.2
  20 to 49 employees                                    –           13         .4        10.0            .3           .6         5.0            31.0         33.3         64.9           (D)          7.8
  50 to 99 employees                                   E4            4         .3         8.1            .2           .4         4.9            30.0         23.0         52.8           (D)          7.5
  100 to 249 employees                                 E2            6        1.7        41.4           1.4          2.9        31.0            76.7        154.9        233.6           (D)         26.2
  250 to 499 employees                                 E5            2        (D)         (D)           (D)          (D)         (D)             (D)          (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)
  500 to 999 employees                                 E1            6        4.7       114.8           3.6          7.6        83.5           408.6        463.9        883.5           (D)         66.7
  1,000 to 2,499 employees                              –            3        5.4       150.9           4.8          9.2       125.5           500.5      1 261.7      1 902.2           (D)         91.9

Covered by administrative records2                     E9           21          .1          1.4          .1           .1         1.1              4.2          5.2          9.5           .2          1.2

          Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 1a. Data shown as (D) are included in underscored figures above.
         1Payroll and sales data for some small single-establishment manufacturing companies with up to 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry) were obtained from administrative records of other
Government agencies rather than from census report forms. These data were then used in conjunction with industry averages to estimate the items shown for these small establishments. This
technique was also used for a small number of other establishments whose reports were not received at the time data were tabulated. The following symbols are shown for those employment-size
classes where estimated data based on administrative-record data account for 10 percent or more of figures shown: E1 10 to 19 percent; E2 20 to 29 percent; E3 30 to 39 percent; E4 40 to
49 percent; E5 50 to 59 percent; E6 60 to 69 percent; E7 70 to 79 percent; E8 80 to 89 percent; E9 90 percent or more.
         2Report forms were not mailed to small single-establishment companies with up to 20 employees (cutoff varied by industry).         Payroll and sales data for 1992 were obtained from
administrative records supplied by other agencies of the Federal Government. Those data were then used in conjunction with industry averages to estimate the items shown. Data are also
included in respective employment-size classes shown.




Table 5a.           Industry Statistics by Industry and Primary Product Class Specialization: 1992
[Table presents selected statistics for establishments according to their degree of specialization in products primary to their industry. Measures of plant specialization shown are (1) industry
 specialization: ratio of primary product shipments to total product shipments (primary plus secondary, excluding miscellaneous receipts) for the establishment; and (2) product class specialization:
 ratio of largest primary product class shipments to total product shipments (primary plus secondary, excluding miscellaneous receipts) for the establishment. See appendix for method of computing
 ratios. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

Indus-                                                                                  All employees                   Production workers                 Value                                      New
 try or                                                                         All                                                                     added by                                   capital
 prod-                                                                      estab-                                                                      manufac-      Cost of        Value of    expend-
                       Industry or primary product class
   uct                                                                        lish-                Payroll                                   Wages            ture   materials     shipments        itures
 class                                                                      ments     Number       (million      Number         Hours        (million     (million    (million        (million    (million
 code                                                                    (number)      (1,000)     dollars)       (1,000)    (millions)      dollars)     dollars)    dollars)        dollars)    dollars)

3631       Household cooking equipment:
            All establishments in industry                                      89       18.8        437.0           15.0         29.9        293.4      1 141.4      1 811.7        2 950.0         82.9
             Establishments with this product class primary:
36311          Electric, including microwave, household ranges,
                ovens, surface cooking units                                    15          7.9      188.4            6.5         12.6        135.5         469.4        673.9       1 159.4         31.9
36313          Gas household ranges, ovens, surface cooking units,
                and equipment                                                   11          5.8      147.0            4.3          9.3          90.8        364.8        703.7       1 045.9         26.0
36314          Other household ranges and cooking equipment                     22          4.9       97.0            4.0          7.6          64.1        296.4        417.3         717.2         24.1

3632       Household refrigerators and freezers:
            All establishments in industry                                      58       25.4        719.0           21.4         41.5        531.7      1 629.1      2 596.6        4 232.4       187.4
             Establishments with this product class primary:
36321          Household mechanical refrigerators, including
                combination refrigerator-freezers                               16       23.0        665.7           19.3         37.2        489.2      1 467.7      2 344.4        3 815.8       170.7
36322          Food freezers, household                                          2        (D)          (D)            (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)            (D)         (D)
36323          Parts and attachments for household refrigerators and
                freezers                                                         3          (D)          (D)          (D)          (D)           (D)          (D)          (D)            (D)         (D)

3633       Household laundry equipment:
            All establishments in industry                                      17       14.2        423.1           12.1         24.8        340.0      1 545.2      1 721.2        3 328.5         93.6

3634       Electric housewares and fans:
             All establishments in industry                                   209        20.4        400.6           16.5         30.9        261.0      1 387.0      1 525.0        2 897.5         46.3
             Establishments with this product class primary:
36341          Electric fans, except industrial-type                            19        4.8        107.1            3.5          7.3         64.2         316.5        448.5         777.9         15.4
36345          Small electric household appliances, except fans                 59       13.2        251.4           11.1         20.3        166.3         968.3        953.8       1 896.3         28.1
36349          Parts and attachments for small household electric
                appliances                                                      14          1.7       27.5            1.4          2.4          21.1         63.2         66.7         127.7          1.6

3635       Household vacuum cleaners:
            All establishments in industry                                      43       11.3        278.7            7.7         15.2        172.1      1 054.6         859.8       1 905.3         66.8

3639       Household appliances, n.e.c.:
            All establishments in industry                                      68       12.7        329.7           10.5         21.0        253.5      1 061.3      1 954.5        3 169.1         79.2
             Establishments with this product class primary:
36391          Household water heaters, electric                                 8          1.2       19.8             .8          1.6          12.7        107.7        111.0         219.8          1.1
36392          Household water heaters, except electric                         11          4.9      121.3            4.1          8.0          91.1        355.3        481.3         845.7          6.1
36395          Household appliances, n.e.c., and parts for household
                appliances, n.e.c.                                              13          6.2      181.3            5.3         10.9        144.5         577.5     1 336.9        2 057.5         71.3

          Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 1a.




MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                                 HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–15
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 9
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 5b.          Industry–Product Analysis Value of Industry and Primary Product Shipments;
                   Specialization and Coverage Ratios: 1992 and Earlier Census Years
[Million dollars. An establishment is assigned to an industry based on shipment values of products representing largest amount considered primary to an industry. Frequently, establishment
 shipments comprise mixtures of products assigned to an industry (primary), those considered primary to other industries (secondary), and receipts for activities such as merchandising or contract
 work (total miscellaneous receipts). Subtotals for total value of shipments show this product pattern for an industry. Primary products specialization ratio is the primary products value of shipments
 divided by the sum of primary products value of shipments plus secondary products value of shipments. The extent of which an industry’s primary products are shipped by establishments classified
 both in and out of an industry is the coverage ratio and is calculated by dividing the primary products value of shipments by the value of primary products shipments made in all industries. For
 meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                    Industry                                                                     1992                                    1987                                     1982

INDUSTRY 3631, HOUSEHOLD COOKING EQUIPMENT

Total value of shipments                                                                                      2 950.0                                 3 395.8                                  2 414.9
  Primary products value of shipments                                                                         2 469.4                                 2 530.4                                  1 975.8
  Secondary products value of shipments                                                                           (D)                                   107.5                                    259.2
  Total miscellaneous receipts                                                                                    (D)                                   757.9                                    179.9
    Value of resales                                                                                              (D)                                   714.9                                    167.4
    Contract receipts                                                                                             (D)                                     (D)                                      (D)
    Other miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  (D)                                     (D)                                      (D)

Primary products specialization ratio                                                                              (D)                                      96                                       88

Value of primary products shipments made in all industries                                                    3 006.8                                 3 232.5                                  2 346.3
  Value of primary products shipments made in this industry                                                   2 469.4                                 2 530.4                                  1 975.8
  Value of primary products shipments made in other industries                                                  537.4                                   702.1                                    370.5

Coverage ratio                                                                                                      82                                      78                                       84


INDUSTRY 3632, HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AND
 FREEZERS

Total value of shipments                                                                                      4 232.4                                 3 518.9                                  2 470.7
  Primary products value of shipments                                                                         3 930.9                                 3 250.0                                  2 061.7
  Secondary products value of shipments                                                                          71.4                                    95.6                                    358.9
  Total miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  230.1                                   173.3                                     50.1
    Value of resales                                                                                            226.8                                     (D)                                     48.0
    Contract receipts                                                                                               –                                     (D)                                      (D)
    Other miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  3.3                                     (D)                                      (D)

Primary products specialization ratio                                                                               98                                      97                                       85

Value of primary products shipments made in all industries                                                    4 047.6                                 3 322.1                                  2 201.7
  Value of primary products shipments made in this industry                                                   3 930.9                                 3 250.0                                  2 061.7
  Value of primary products shipments made in other industries                                                  116.8                                    72.1                                    139.9

Coverage ratio                                                                                                      97                                      98                                       94


INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT

Total value of shipments                                                                                      3 328.5                                 3 034.8                                  2 122.2
  Primary products value of shipments                                                                         2 963.0                                 2 783.3                                  1 787.0
  Secondary products value of shipments                                                                           (D)                                     (D)                                    309.6
  Total miscellaneous receipts                                                                                    (D)                                     (D)                                     25.6
    Value of resales                                                                                              (D)                                     (D)                                      (D)
    Contract receipts                                                                                               –                                     (D)                                      (D)
    Other miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  (D)                                     (D)                                      (D)

Primary products specialization ratio                                                                              (D)                                     (D)                                       85

Value of primary products shipments made in all industries                                                    2 995.0                                 2 790.5                                  1 800.2
  Value of primary products shipments made in this industry                                                   2 963.0                                 2 783.3                                  1 787.0
  Value of primary products shipments made in other industries                                                   32.0                                     7.2                                     13.2

Coverage ratio                                                                                                      99                                      99                                       99


INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC HOUSEWARES AND FANS

Total value of shipments                                                                                      2 897.5                                 2 825.7                                  3 128.4
  Primary products value of shipments                                                                         2 419.3                                 2 324.2                                  2 669.6
  Secondary products value of shipments                                                                         171.3                                   235.6                                    300.9
  Total miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  306.8                                   265.9                                    157.9
    Value of resales                                                                                            303.0                                   243.0                                    147.1
    Contract receipts                                                                                             (D)                                     (D)                                      1.1
    Other miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  (D)                                     (D)                                      9.7

Primary products specialization ratio                                                                               93                                      91                                       90

Value of primary products shipments made in all industries                                                    2 651.8                                 2 589.1                                  2 845.6
  Value of primary products shipments made in this industry                                                   2 419.3                                 2 324.2                                  2 669.6
  Value of primary products shipments made in other industries                                                  232.5                                   264.9                                    176.0

Coverage ratio                                                                                                      91                                      90                                       94


INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS

Total value of shipments                                                                                      1 905.3                                 1 324.2                                     775.7
  Primary products value of shipments                                                                         1 710.3                                 1 125.3                                     726.7
  Secondary products value of shipments                                                                          99.5                                   144.9                                      36.3
  Total miscellaneous receipts                                                                                   95.4                                    54.0                                      12.7
    Value of resales                                                                                             92.8                                    52.8                                      11.8
    Contract receipts                                                                                             (D)                                     (D)                                       (D)
    Other miscellaneous receipts                                                                                  (D)                                     (D)                                       (D)

Primary products specialization ratio                                                                               94                                      89                                       95

Value of primary products shipments made in all industries                                                    1 808.6                                 1 290.6                                     905.8
  Value of primary products shipments made in this industry                                                   1 710.3                                 1 125.3                                     726.7
  Value of primary products shipments made in other industries                                                   98.3                                   165.2                                     179.1

Coverage ratio                                                                                                      95                                      87                                       80


36B–16           HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                               MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
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Table 5b.          Industry–Product Analysis Value of Industry and Primary Product Shipments;
                   Specialization and Coverage Ratios: 1992 and Earlier Census Years Con.
[Million dollars. An establishment is assigned to an industry based on shipment values of products representing largest amount considered primary to an industry. Frequently, establishment
 shipments comprise mixtures of products assigned to an industry (primary), those considered primary to other industries (secondary), and receipts for activities such as merchandising or contract
 work (total miscellaneous receipts). Subtotals for total value of shipments show this product pattern for an industry. Primary products specialization ratio is the primary products value of shipments
 divided by the sum of primary products value of shipments plus secondary products value of shipments. The extent of which an industry’s primary products are shipped by establishments classified
 both in and out of an industry is the coverage ratio and is calculated by dividing the primary products value of shipments by the value of primary products shipments made in all industries. For
 meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see appendixes]

                                    Industry                                                                          1992                                  1987                                     1982

INDUSTRY 3639, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, N.E.C.

Total value of shipments                                                                                        3 169.1                                  2 398.3                                  1 432.0
  Primary products value of shipments                                                                           2 032.6                                  2 080.4                                  1 260.0
  Secondary products value of shipments                                                                             (D)                                    300.0                                    140.0
  Total miscellaneous receipts                                                                                      (D)                                     17.9                                     32.0
    Value of resales                                                                                                (D)                                     16.8                                     30.4
    Contract receipts                                                                                                 –                                      (D)                                      (D)
    Other miscellaneous receipts                                                                                    (D)                                      (D)                                      (D)
Primary products specialization ratio                                                                                  (D)                                    87                                        90
Value of primary products shipments made in all industries                                                      2 278.8                                  2 284.7                                      (NA)
  Value of primary products shipments made in this industry                                                     2 032.6                                  2 080.4                                      (NA)
  Value of primary products shipments made in other industries                                                    246.2                                    204.3                                      (NA)
Coverage ratio                                                                                                         89                                     91                                        82

         Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 1a.




Table 6a.          Product and Product Classes Quantity and Value of Shipments by All Producers:
                   1992 and 1987
[Includes quantity and value of products of this industry produced by (1) establishments classified in this industry (primary) and (2) establishments classified in other industries (secondary). Transfers
  of products of this industry from one establishment of a company to another establishment of the same company (interplant transfers) are also included. For further explanation, see Value of
  Shipments in appendixes. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

                                                                                                                 1992                                                       1987

                                                                                                        Number of                                                  Number of
 Product                                                                                                companies                                                  companies
                                               Product                                                         with                    Value of                           with                    Value of
  code
                                                                                                         shipments                      product                     shipments                      product
                                                                                                                 of                 shipments1                              of                 shipments1
                                                                                                          $100,000                      (million                     $100,000                      (million
                                                                                                           or more                      dollars)                      or more                      dollars)

3631– –– HOUSEHOLD COOKING EQUIPMENT

                         Total                                                                                (NA)                     3 006.8                           (NA)                     3 232.5
36311        Electric, including microwave, household ranges, ovens, surface
              cooking units                                                                                   (NA)                     1 609.4                           (NA)                     1 999.1
36311 10       Electric household ranges, ovens, surface cooking units, and
                equipment3                                                                                      14                     1 490.2                             21                     1 823.4
36311 20       Parts and accessories for electric household ranges and ovens,
                such as burners, rotisseries, oven racks, broiler pans3                                         14                         119.2                           17                        175.7
36311 00       Electric, including microwave, household ranges, ovens, surface
                cooking units, n.s.k.                                                                         (NA)                             –                         (NA)                            –
36313        Gas household ranges, ovens, surface cooking units, and equipment                                (NA)                         613.8                         (NA)                        678.2
36313 10      Gas household ranges, ovens, surface cooking units, and
               equipment3                                                                                       12                         581.9                           12                        637.5
36313 20      Parts and accessories for gas household ranges and ovens, such
               as burners, rotisseries, oven racks, broiler pans, etc.3                                         12                          31.9                           10                         40.7
36313 00      Gas household ranges, ovens, surface cooking units, and
               equipment, n.s.k.                                                                              (NA)                             –                         (NA)                            –
36314        Other household ranges and cooking equipment                                                     (NA)                         763.3                         (NA)                        538.2
36314 10       Other household ranges and cooking equipment (except gas and
                electric), and outdoor cooking equipment3                                                       27                         682.4                           26                        486.5
36314 20       Parts and accessories for outdoor and other cooking equipment,
                sold separately3                                                                                19                          80.9                           16                         48.6
36314 00       Other household ranges and cooking equipment, n.s.k.                                           (NA)                             –                         (NA)                          3.1
36310        Household cooking equipment, n.s.k.                                                              (NA)                          20.3                         (NA)                         17.0
36310 00      Household cooking equipment, n.s.k.4                                                            (NA)                           7.8                         (NA)                            –
36310 02      Household cooking equipment, n.s.k.5                                                            (NA)                          12.5                         (NA)                         17.0


3632– –– HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

                         Total                                                                                (NA)                     4 047.6                           (NA)                     3 322.1
36321        Household mechanical refrigerators, including combination refrigerator-
              freezers                                                                                        (NA)                           (6)                         (NA)                     3 004.5
36321 00        Household mechanical refrigerators, including combination
                 refrigerator-freezers3                                                                         17                           (7)                           18                     3 004.5
36322        Food freezers, household                                                                         (NA)                    63   953.2                         (NA)                        230.1
36322 00       Food freezers, complete units, household-type3                                                    8                    73   953.2                            9                        230.1
36323        Parts and attachments for household refrigerators and freezers                                   (NA)                          77.5                         (NA)                         76.9
36323 00       Parts, attachments for household refrigerators and freezers (excl.
                compressors, condensing units, ice making machines3                                             18                          77.5                           17                         76.9
36320        Household refrigerators and freezers, n.s.k.                                                     (NA)                          16.9                         (NA)                         10.6
36320 00      Household refrigerators and freezers, n.s.k.8                                                   (NA)                           7.9                         (NA)                          2.6
36320 02      Household refrigerators and freezers, n.s.k.9                                                   (NA)                           9.0                         (NA)                          8.0

         See footnotes at end of table.


MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                               HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–17
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Table 6a.          Product and Product Classes Quantity and Value of Shipments by All Producers:
                   1992 and 1987 Con.
[Includes quantity and value of products of this industry produced by (1) establishments classified in this industry (primary) and (2) establishments classified in other industries (secondary). Transfers
  of products of this industry from one establishment of a company to another establishment of the same company (interplant transfers) are also included. For further explanation, see Value of
  Shipments in appendixes. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

                                                                                                                 1992                                                      1987

                                                                                                        Number of                                                Number of
 Product                                                                                                companies                                                companies
                                              Product                                                          with                      Value of                       with                      Value of
  code
                                                                                                         shipments                        product                 shipments                        product
                                                                                                                 of                   shipments1                          of                   shipments1
                                                                                                          $100,000                        (million                 $100,000                        (million
                                                                                                           or more                        dollars)                  or more                        dollars)

3633– –– HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT

                        Total                                                                                 (NA)                       2 995.0                        (NA)                        2 790.5
36330        Household laundry machines, including washing machines, dryers, and
              combinations                                                                                    (NA)                       2 995.0                        (NA)                        2 790.5
36330 10       Household laundry machines, including both coin- and noncoin-
                operated washing machines, dryers, and combinations3                                             6                       2 845.4                           6                        2 581.5
36330 20       Parts, accessories, and attachments for household laundry
                equipment, sold separately3                                                                     12                            142.5                       10                          206.9
36330 00       Household laundry equipment, n.s.k.8                                                           (NA)                              7.1                     (NA)                            2.0
36330 02       Household laundry equipment, n.s.k.9                                                           (NA)


3634– –– ELECTRIC HOUSEWARES AND FANS

                        Total                                                                                 (NA)                       2 651.8                        (NA)                        2 589.1
36341        Electric fans, except industrial-type                                                            (NA)                            498.8                     (NA)                          492.6
36341 00       Electric fans, except industrial-type3                                                           25                            498.8                       25                          492.6
36345        Small electric household appliances, except fans                                                 (NA)                       1 914.8                        (NA)                        1 806.8
36345 00      Small electric household appliances, except fans3                                                 86                       1 914.8                          81                        1 806.8
36349        Parts and attachments for small household electric appliances                                    (NA)                            153.3                     (NA)                          190.7
36349 11       Parts and attachments for household electric fans3                                                9                             20.0                        7                           12.5
36349 20       Parts for other small household electric appliances3                                             18                            133.3                       23                          169.0
36349 00       Parts and attachments for small household electric appliances,
                n.s.k.                                                                                        (NA)                                 –                    (NA)                            9.2
36340        Electric housewares and fans, n.s.k.                                                             (NA)                              84.9                    (NA)                           99.0
36340 00       Electric housewares and fans, n.s.k.4                                                          (NA)                              55.9                    (NA)                            8.4
36340 02       Electric housewares and fans, n.s.k.5                                                          (NA)                              29.0                    (NA)                           90.7

                                                                                                                 1992                                                      1987

                                                                                               Number of              Product   shipments1              Number of              Product shipments1
 Product                                                                                       companies                                                companies
                                              Product                                                 with                                                     with
  code
                                                                                                shipments                                                shipments
                                                                                                        of                                    Value              of                                  Value
                                                                                                 $100,000                                    (million     $100,000                                  (million
                                                                                                  or more             Quantity2              dollars)      or more             Quantity2            dollars)

3635– –– HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS

                        Total                                                                        (NA)                  (X)           1 808.6              (NA)                  (X)             1 290.6
36350        Household vacuum cleaners, including parts and
              attachments                                                                            (NA)                   (X)          1 808.6              (NA)                   (X)            1 290.6
36350   41     Complete power units, central system type                 thousands                      6                   (S)             23.1                 6                   (S)               24.2
36350   11     Hand type                                                 thousands                      6               5 967.2            169.4                 7              6 778.9               154.7
36350   33     Upright/ stick type                                       thousands                      8             * 9 807.6            950.6                10              6 425.3               551.7
36350   31     Cannister/ tank type                                      thousands                     11               2 129.0            423.4              (NA)                 (NA)               400.6
36350   36     Other general-purpose types, including utility            thousands                      2
36350   51     Attachments and cleaning tools, including central
                system attachments                                                                      9                   (X)                 83.4            11                   (X)               54.9
36350 71       Parts for household-type vacuum cleaners, including
                central system parts                                                                   14                   (X)               124.9             13                   (X)               93.9
36350 00       Household vacuum cleaners, n.s.k.10                                                   (NA)                   (X)                27.3           (NA)                   (X)                4.8
36350 02       Household vacuum cleaners, n.s.k.11                                                   (NA)                   (X)                 6.6           (NA)                   (X)                5.7

                                                                                                                 1992                                                      1987

                                                                                                        Number of                                                Number of
 Product                                                                                                companies                                                companies
                                              Product                                                          with                      Value of                       with                      Value of
  code
                                                                                                         shipments                        product                 shipments                        product
                                                                                                                 of                   shipments1                          of                   shipments1
                                                                                                          $100,000                        (million                 $100,000                        (million
                                                                                                           or more                        dollars)                  or more                        dollars)

3639– –– HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, N.E.C.

                        Total                                                                                 (NA)                       2 278.8                        (NA)                        2 284.7
36391        Household water heaters, electric                                                                (NA)                            432.6                     (NA)                          388.9
36391 00      Water heaters, electric, for permanent installation3                                              15                            432.6                       10                          388.9
36392        Household water heaters, except electric                                                         (NA)                            568.4                     (NA)                          541.5
36392 00      Water heaters, except electric3                                                                   12                            568.4                       12                          541.5
36395        Household appliances, n.e.c., and parts for household appliances,
              n.e.c.                                                                                          (NA)                       1 231.3                        (NA)                        1 309.0
36395 10       Other major household appliances, n.e.c., excluding parts3                                       11                       1 133.6                          14                        1 210.4
36395 20       Parts and accessories for other household appliances, n.e.c.3                                    15                         1295.9                         18                          1298.6
36395 00       Household appliances, n.e.c., and parts for household appliances,
                n.e.c., n.s.k.                                                                                (NA)                               1.8                    (NA)                              –
36390        Household appliances, n.e.c., n.s.k.                                                             (NA)                              46.4                    (NA)                           45.4
36390 00      Household appliances, n.e.c., n.s.k.13                                                          (NA)                              36.9                    (NA)                           19.5
36390 02      Household appliances, n.e.c., n.s.k.14                                                          (NA)                               9.5                    (NA)                           25.9

         See footnotes at end of table.


36B–18          HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                                    MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
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Table 6a.              Product and Product Classes Quantity and Value of Shipments by All Producers:
                       1992 and 1987 Con.
        1Data reported by all producers, not just those with shipments of $100,000 or more.
        2For some establishments, data have been estimated from central unit values which are based on quantity-value relationships of reported data. The following symbols are used when
percentage of each quantity figure estimated in this manner equals or exceeds 10 percent of published figure: * 10 to 19 percent estimated; * * 20 to 29 percent estimated. If 30 percent or more is
estimated, figure is replaced by (S).
        3Additional detail is collected for this product in the Current Industrial Reports. For the survey number and title, see appendix C, part 3.
        4Typically for establishments with 20 employees or more.
        5Typically for establishments with less than 20 employees.
        6For 1992, product class 36322 is included with product class 36321 to avoid disclosing data for individual companies.
        7For 1992, product code 36322 00 is included with product code 36323 00 to avoid disclosing data for individual companies.
        8Typically for establishments with 5 employees or more.
        9Typically for establishments with less than 5 employees.
        10Typically for establishments with 10 employees or more.
        11Typically for establishments with less than 10 employees.
        12Data include parts for household water heaters.
        13Typically for establishments with 25 employees or more.
        14Typically for establishments with less than 25 employees.




Table 6b.              Product Classes Value of Shipments by All Producers for Specified States: 1992
                       and 1987
[Million dollars. Product classes shown are those where the data are geographically dispersed, provided dispersion is not approximated by data in table 2. Also, product classes are not shown if
 they are miscellaneous or " not specified by kind" classes. Statistics for some States are withheld because they are either less than $2 million in product class shipments or they disclose data for
 individual companies in 1992. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

             Product class and geographic area                   1992 value of          1987 value of               Product class and geographic area             1992 value of        1987 value of
                                                             product shipments      product shipments                                                         product shipments    product shipments

36311, ELECTRIC, INCLUDING MICROWAVE,                                                                   36341, ELECTRIC FANS, EXCEPT
 HOUSEHOLD RANGES, OVENS, SURFACE                                                                        INDUSTRIAL-TYPE
 COOKING UNITS                                                                                                 United States                                              498.8                492.6
           United States                                                  1 609.4            1 999.1
                                                                                                        Tennessee                                                           59.4                60.6
Tennessee                                                                   399.8              328.0    Texas                                                               73.1                46.8

36313, GAS HOUSEHOLD RANGES, OVENS,                                                                     36345, SMALL ELECTRIC HOUSEHOLD
 SURFACE COOKING UNITS, AND                                                                              APPLIANCES, EXCEPT FANS
 EQUIPMENT                                                                                                     United States                                            1 914.8              1 806.8
           United States                                                    613.8              678.2 California                                                            36.3                 25.5
California                                                                   18.6               (NA) Illinois                                                              29.0                103.8
Tennessee                                                                   317.5              316.3 Michigan                                                              15.6                 (NA)
                                                                                                     New York                                                              62.5                 46.2
                                                                                                     Ohio                                                                 175.5                 77.6
36314, OTHER HOUSEHOLD RANGES AND                                                                    Washington                                                            15.6                 (NA)
 COOKING EQUIPMENT                                                                                   Wisconsin                                                            197.1                140.5
           United States                                                    763.3              538.2
                                                                                                        36349, PARTS AND ATTACHMENTS FOR
Illinois                                                                    212.9              179.4     SMALL HOUSEHOLD ELECTRIC
                                                                                                         APPLIANCES
36321, HOUSEHOLD MECHANICAL                                                                                    United States                                              153.3                190.7
 REFRIGERATORS, INCLUDING
 COMBINATION REFRIGERATOR-FREEZERS1
           United States                                                      (D)            3 004.5    36391, HOUSEHOLD WATER HEATERS,
                                                                                                         ELECTRIC
                                                                                                               United States                                              432.6                388.9
36322, FOOD FREEZERS, HOUSEHOLD1
           United States                                                      (D)              230.1    36392, HOUSEHOLD WATER HEATERS,
                                                                                                         EXCEPT ELECTRIC
36323, PARTS AND ATTACHMENTS FOR                                                                               United States                                              568.4                541.5
 HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AND
 FREEZERS
                                                                                                        36395, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, N.E.C.,
           United States                                                     77.5                76.9    AND PARTS FOR HOUSEHOLD
                                                                                                         APPLIANCES, N.E.C.
Alabama                                                                       6.0               (NA)
Indiana                                                                       4.5               16.4           United States                                            1 231.3              1 309.0

           Note: For qualifications of data, see footnotes on table 6a.
           1Product   classes 36321 and 36322 are combined to avoid disclosing data for individual companies. The combined value is $3 953.2 million.




MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                             HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–19
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Table 6c.           Historical Statistics for Product Classes Value Shipped by All Producers: 1992
                    and Earlier Years
[Million dollars. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Product                                    Product class
 code                                                                                          1992     19911       19901          19891          19881        1987          1982           1977

3631-       Household cooking equipment                                                      3 006.8   2 942.3    3 026.9        3 135.8         3 311.0    3 232.5       2 346.3        1 818.8
36311        Electric, including microwave, household ranges, ovens, surface
              cooking units                                                                  1 609.4   1 523.1    1 637.8        1 816.7         1 988.0    1 999.1       1 543.2        1 232.5
36313        Gas household ranges, ovens, surface cooking units, and
              equipment                                                                        613.8     664.7      741.4          710.5           736.9      678.2          418.8          349.1
36314        Other household ranges and cooking equipment                                      763.3     689.3      609.3          573.4           570.5      538.2          370.6          215.8
36310        Household cooking equipment, n.s.k.                                                20.3      65.2       38.4           35.2            15.5       17.0           13.7           21.4
3632-       Household refrigerators and freezers                                             4 047.6   3 621.3    3 711.3        3 895.0         3 683.1    3 322.1       2 201.7        2 005.6
36321        Household mechanical refrigerators, including combination
              refrigerator-freezers                                                          3 953.2   3 276.5    3 363.8        3 547.1         3 296.1    3 004.5       1 786.9        1 644.4
36322        Food freezers, household                                                                    263.6      254.0          240.3           253.1      230.1         311.2          296.0
36323        Parts and attachments for household refrigerators and freezers                     77.5      75.1       86.2          102.9           125.2       76.9          92.0           61.8
36320        Household refrigerators and freezers, n.s.k.                                       16.9       6.0        7.3            4.7             8.8       10.6          11.6            3.4
3633-       Household laundry equipment                                                      2 995.0   2 859.5    2 905.5        2 913.3         2 841.0    2 790.5       1 800.2        1 697.3
36330        Household laundry machines, including washing machines, dryers,
              and combinations                                                               2 995.0   2 859.5    2 905.5        2 913.3         2 841.0    2 790.5       1 800.2        1 697.3
3634-       Electric housewares and fans                                                     2 651.8   2 608.1    2 683.6        2 847.3         2 675.0    2 589.1       2 845.6        2 304.0
36341         Electric fans, except industrial-type                                            498.8     437.4      471.9          499.9           532.1      492.6         592.3          257.0
36345         Small electric household appliances, except fans                               1 914.8   1 866.6    1 925.1        2 062.5         1 889.3    1 806.8       1 977.3        1 846.2
36349         Parts and attachments for small household electric appliances                    153.3     119.1      120.1          148.8           148.8      190.7         210.6          148.4
36340         Electric housewares and fans, n.s.k.                                              84.9     185.0      166.5          136.2           104.7       99.0          65.4           52.4
3635-       Household vacuum cleaners                                                        1 808.6   1 834.2    1 876.1        1 626.1         1 460.9    1 290.6          905.8          710.4
36350        Household vacuum cleaners, including parts and attachments                      1 808.6   1 834.2    1 876.1        1 626.1         1 460.9    1 290.6          905.8          710.4
3639-       Household appliances, n.e.c.                                                     2 278.8   2 224.0    2 296.4        2 270.9         2 239.0    2 284.7           (NA)           (NA)
36391        Household water heaters, electric                                                 432.6     429.3      411.6          396.7           394.1      388.9          300.8          222.5
36392        Household water heaters, except electric                                          568.4     534.6      554.0          550.9           528.3      541.5          390.5          281.6
36395        Household appliances, n.e.c., and parts for household appliances,
              n.e.c.                                                                         1 231.3   1 186.6    1 255.7        1 279.2         1 275.5    1 309.0           (NA)           (NA)
36390        Household appliances, n.e.c., n.s.k.                                               46.4      73.5       75.1           44.1            41.1       45.4           21.6           17.3

          1Figures are estimates derived from a representative sample of manufacturing establishments. Standard errors associated with estimates are published in annual survey of manufactures
publications for this period.




Table 7.          Materials Consumed by Kind: 1992 and 1987
[Includes cost of materials consumed or put into production by establishments classified only in this industry.   For further explanation, see Cost of Materials in appendixes.   For meaning of
  abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

 Material                                                                                                               1992 delivered cost                                  1987 delivered cost
                                                 Material
  code                                                                                                                      (million dollars)                                    (million dollars)

             INDUSTRY 3631, HOUSEHOLD COOKING EQUIPMENT

                      Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies                                                              1 482.0                                              1 564.0

             Fabricated metal products, except forgings:
346901         Metal stampings                                                                                                          98.9                                                   (1)
349013         Wire racks, grills, springs, and other fabricated nonelectric wire products                                              36.5                                                 31.1
345001         Bolts, nuts, screws, washers, rivets, and screw machine products                                                         20.5                                                 24.7
340059         All other fabricated metal products                                                                                      29.9                                                   (1)
346000       Forgings                                                                                                                    (D)                                                   (1)
             Castings (rough and semifinished):
332001         Iron and steel                                                                                                           12.6                                                  3.1
336005         Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                                                                              35.4
                                                                                                                                        65.4
336003         All other nonferrous                                                                                                                                                            (1)
             Shapes and forms, except castings, forgings, and fabricated metal products:
               Steel:
331007           Bars, bar shapes, and plates                                                                                            (D)                                                   (1)
331022           Sheet and strip                                                                                                       103.2                                                   (1)
331034           All other steel shapes and forms                                                                                       49.9                                                   (1)
335010         Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                                                                              25.2
                                                                                                                                         8.7
335091         All other nonferrous shapes and forms                                                                                                                                           (1)
335701       Nonferrous wire and cable, including magnet wire, bare or insulated wire,
              etc.                                                                                                                         4.7                                                 (1)
             Electric motors and generators:
               Fractional horsepower electric motors:
362110            Timing motors, synchronous and subsynchronous                                                                                                                                (1)
362115            Other fractional horsepower electric motors, excluding timing motors                                                  13.2                                                 12.9
362120         Integral horsepower electric motors and generators (1 hp or more)                                                                                                               (1)
260091       Paper and paperboard containers including shipping sacks and other paper
              packaging supplies                                                                                                        58.8                                                 47.4
360101       Electrical transmission, distribution, and control equipment                                                               49.0                                                 30.7
364300       Current-carrying wiring devices                                                                                            34.0                                                 20.3
387316       Timing mechanisms, except microprocessors                                                                                  12.8                                                 39.1
382201       Automatic temperature controls (thermostats, regulators, etc.)                                                             28.8                                                 69.9
285101       Paints, varnishes, lacquers, stains, shellacs, japans, enamels, and allied
              products                                                                                                                  27.8                                                 28.8
306902       Fabricated rubber products, except tires, tubes, hose, belting, and gaskets                                                 4.6                                                  1.3
305201       Rubber and plastics hose and belting                                                                                        6.0                                                  4.0
308007       Plastics products consumed in the form of sheets, rods, tubes, and other
              shapes                                                                                                                    28.8                                                 20.3
282104       Plastics resins consumed in the form of granules, pellets, powders, liquids,
              etc.                                                                                                                         3.3                                                 (1)
335762       Complete flexible cord sets                                                                                                   (D)                                                 (1)
367004       Resistors, capacitors, transformers, electron tubes, semiconductors, and
              other electronic components                                                                                               53.9                                                 78.9
329601       Mineral wool insulation (fibrous glass, rock wool, etc.)                                                                   12.2                                                 23.0
970099       All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies                                                       361.0                                             1 r750.8
971000       Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, n.s.k.2                                                                 341.7                                                317.1

          See footnotes at end of table.


36B–20           HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                           MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 14
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 7.         Materials Consumed by Kind: 1992 and 1987 Con.
[Includes cost of materials consumed or put into production by establishments classified only in this industry.   For further explanation, see Cost of Materials in appendixes.   For meaning of
  abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Material                                                                                                                1992 delivered cost                                  1987 delivered cost
                                               Material
 code                                                                                                                       (million dollars)                                    (million dollars)

            INDUSTRY 3632, HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AND
             FREEZERS

                     Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies                                                               2 375.7                                              1 991.4
358501      Refrigeration compressors, compressor units, fin coils, and other heat
             transfer equipment                                                                                                        343.7                                                 303.2
            Electric motors and generators:
              Fractional horsepower electric motors (less than 1 hp):
362110           Timing motors, synchronous and subsynchronous                                                                                                                                 25.6
362114           Other (excluding timing motors)                                                                                        87.8                                                   42.7
362120        Integral horsepower motors and generators (1 hp or more)                                                                                                                             –
356401      Fans and blowers                                                                                                             (D)                                                     (1)
360101      Electrical transmission, distribution, and control equipment                                                                30.6                                                   29.0
364300      Current-carrying wiring devices                                                                                             73.0                                                   81.8
382201      Automatic temperature controls, thermostats, regulators, etc.                                                               48.1                                                   59.2
356200      Ball and roller bearings (mounted or unmounted)                                                                              (D)                                                    (Z)
            Fabricated metal products, except forgings:
345001        Bolts, nuts, screws, washers, rivets, and screw machine products                                                          59.1                                                   42.1
346901        Metal stampings                                                                                                           30.2                                                   30.7
342903        Metal hardware including hinges, handles, locks, casters, etc.                                                            37.8                                                   31.5
349402        Pipe, valves, and pipe fittings                                                                                                                                                   5.0
                                                                                                                                        19.5
340073        All other fabricated metal products                                                                                                                                                (1)
346000      Forgings                                                                                                                       –                                                     (1)
            Castings (rough and semifinished):
332001        Iron and steel                                                                                                                                                                     (1)
336005        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                          30.8                                                     (1)
336003        Other nonferrous                                                                                                                                                                   (1)
            Shapes and forms, except castings, forgings, and fabricated metal products:
              Steel:
331007          Bars, bar shapes, and plates                                                                                             (Z)                                                    (1)
331022          Sheet and strip                                                                                                        249.5                                                 236.4
331027          Wire and wire products                                                                                                                                                          (1)
                                                                                                                                       100.6
331035          All other steel shapes and forms                                                                                                                                              16.4
              Copper and copper-base alloy:
335152          Pipe and tube                                                                                                           19.4                                                     (1)
335191          All other copper and copper-base alloy (except pipe and tube)                                                           15.2                                                   23.6
              Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy:
335301          Sheet, plate, foil, and welded tubing                                                                                   20.6                                                   18.2
335011          All other (except sheet, plate, foil, and welded tubing)                                                                                                                         (1)
                                                                                                                                        15.4
335099        Other nonferrous shapes and forms                                                                                                                                                  (1)
260091      Paper and paperboard containers including shipping sacks and other paper
             packaging supplies                                                                                                         48.3                                                   61.9
244022      Wooden containers, complete (including combination wood and
             paperboard)                                                                                                                 6.3                                                     (1)
285101      Paints, varnishes, stains, lacquers, shellacs, japans, enamels, and allied
             products                                                                                                                   29.1                                                   24.3
286903      Refrigerant gases and other synthetic organic chemicals                                                                     90.2                                                   40.5
282104      Plastics resins consumed in the form of granules, pellets, powders, liquids,
             etc., except sheets, rods, tubes and shapes                                                                               139.7                                                 167.7
308007      Plastics products consumed in the form of sheets, rods, tubes, and other
             shapes                                                                                                                     44.6                                                   21.7
308004      Fabricated plastics products, except gaskets, hose, and belting                                                            209.1                                                  170.4
305201      Rubber and plastics hose and belting                                                                                         (D)                                                     (1)
329300      Gaskets (all types) and asbestos packing                                                                                    41.6                                                   50.2
329601      Mineral wool insulation (fibrous glass, rock wool, etc.)                                                                    24.3                                                   20.8
970099      All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies                                                        192.0                                             1   r440.9
971000      Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, n.s.k.2                                                                  343.6                                                   47.6



            INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT

                     Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies                                                               1 531.7                                              1 569.7

            Fabricated metal products, except forgings:
346901        Metal stampings                                                                                                           42.8                                                     (1)
349013        Wire racks, grills, springs, and other fabricated nonelectric wire products                                                8.8                                                   10.5
345001        Bolts, nuts, screws, washers, rivets, and screw machine products                                                          40.1                                                   54.9
340059        All other fabricated metal products                                                                                       34.6                                                     (1)
346000      Forgings                                                                                                                       –                                                     (1)
            Castings (rough and semifinished):
332001        Iron and steel                                                                                                                                                                     (1)
336005        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                         134.8                                                   23.2
336003        All other nonferrous                                                                                                                                                               (1)
            Shapes and forms, except castings, forgings, and fabricated metal products:
              Steel:
331007          Bars, bar shapes, and plates                                                                                            19.1                                                     (1)
331022          Sheet and strip                                                                                                                                                                  (1)
                                                                                                                                       293.4
331034          All other steel shapes and forms                                                                                                                                                 (1)
335010        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                           (D)                                                     (1)
335091        All other nonferrous shapes and forms                                                                                      (D)                                                     (1)
335701      Nonferrous wire and cable, including magnet wire, bare or insulated wire,
             etc.                                                                                                                        (D)                                                     (1)
            Electric motors and generators:
              Fractional horsepower electric motors:
362110           Timing motors, synchronous and subsynchronous                                                                                                                                  (1)
                                                                                                                                       226.0
362115           Other fractional horsepower electric motors, excluding timing motors                                                                                                        188.3
362120        Integral horsepower electric motors and generators (1 hp or more)                                                         29.9                                                      –
260091      Paper and paperboard containers including shipping sacks and other paper
             packaging supplies                                                                                                         37.7                                                  78.2
360101      Electrical transmission, distribution, and control equipment                                                                49.4                                                  56.3
364300      Current-carrying wiring devices                                                                                              (D)                                                  47.1
387316      Timing mechanisms, except microprocessors                                                                                   72.9                                                 104.3
382201      Automatic temperature controls (thermostats, regulators, etc.)                                                              42.5                                                  13.0
285101      Paints, varnishes, lacquers, stains, shellacs, japans, enamels, and allied
             products                                                                                                                   46.3                                                   38.4

         See footnotes at end of table.


MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                       HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–21
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 15
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 7.         Materials Consumed by Kind: 1992 and 1987 Con.
[Includes cost of materials consumed or put into production by establishments classified only in this industry.   For further explanation, see Cost of Materials in appendixes.   For meaning of
  abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Material                                                                                                                1992 delivered cost                                  1987 delivered cost
                                               Material
 code                                                                                                                       (million dollars)                                    (million dollars)

            INDUSTRY 3633, HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT Con.

306902      Fabricated rubber products, except tires, tubes, hose, belting, and gaskets                                                  (D)                                                 26.3
305201      Rubber and plastics hose and belting                                                                                        46.2                                                 32.8
308007      Plastics products consumed in the form of sheets, rods, tubes, and other
             shapes                                                                                                                     67.6                                                 68.4
282104      Plastics resins consumed in the form of granules, pellets, powders, liquids,
             etc.                                                                                                                       29.3                                                 42.7
335762      Complete flexible cord sets                                                                                                  (D)                                                   .9
367004      Resistors, capacitors, transformers, electron tubes, semiconductors, and
             other electronic components                                                                                                 (D)                                                   (1)
329601      Mineral wool insulation (fibrous glass, rock wool, etc.)                                                                     (D)                                                   (1)
970099      All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies                                                        142.4                                             1 r782.3
971000      Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, n.s.k.2                                                                    4.5                                                  2.2


            INDUSTRY 3634, ELECTRIC HOUSEWARES AND FANS

                     Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies                                                               1 278.2                                              1 209.7

            Fabricated metal products, except forgings:
346901        Metal stampings                                                                                                           31.8                                                  8.3
349013        Wire racks, grills, springs, and other fabricated nonelectric wire products                                               21.3                                                  5.6
345001        Bolts, nuts, screws, washers, rivets, and screw machine products                                                          21.6                                                 34.4
340059        All other fabricated metal products                                                                                       16.0                                                   (1)
346000      Forgings                                                                                                                       –                                                   (1)
            Castings (rough and semifinished):
332001        Iron and steel                                                                                                             5.2                                                   (1)
336005        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                          25.5                                                 11.3
336003        All other nonferrous                                                                                                      13.0                                                   (1)
            Shapes and forms, except castings, forgings, and fabricated metal products:
              Steel:
331007          Bars, bar shapes, and plates                                                                                              (3)                                                  (1)
331022          Sheet and strip                                                                                                         86.9                                                   (1)
331034          All other steel shapes and forms                                                                                        35.8                                                   (1)
335010        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                          25.7                                                   (1)
335091        All other nonferrous shapes and forms                                                                                      7.8                                                   (1)
335701      Nonferrous wire and cable, including magnet wire, bare or insulated wire,
             etc.                                                                                                                        9.5                                                   (1)
            Electric motors and generators:
              Fractional horsepower electric motors:
362110           Timing motors, synchronous and subsynchronous                                                                                                                               15.2
                                                                                                                                       140.8
362115           Other fractional horsepower electric motors, excluding timing motors                                                                                                        58.6
362120        Integral horsepower electric motors and generators (1 hp or more)                                                          4.3                                                  8.8
260091      Paper and paperboard containers including shipping sacks and other paper
             packaging supplies                                                                                                         72.1                                                 48.1
360101      Electrical transmission, distribution, and control equipment                                                                20.0                                                  6.5
364300      Current-carrying wiring devices                                                                                             24.8                                                 29.3
387316      Timing mechanisms, except microprocessors                                                                                    (D)                                                   (1)
382201      Automatic temperature controls (thermostats, regulators, etc.)                                                              61.4                                                 31.0
285101      Paints, varnishes, lacquers, stains, shellacs, japans, enamels, and allied
             products                                                                                                                   21.7                                                 10.5
306902      Fabricated rubber products, except tires, tubes, hose, belting, and gaskets                                                  6.5                                                  3.2
305201      Rubber and plastics hose and belting                                                                                         (D)                                                  1.0
308007      Plastics products consumed in the form of sheets, rods, tubes, and other
             shapes                                                                                                                     74.5                                                 98.7
282104      Plastics resins consumed in the form of granules, pellets, powders, liquids,
             etc.                                                                                                                       50.2                                                 42.8
335762      Complete flexible cord sets                                                                                                 39.1                                                 17.6
367004      Resistors, capacitors, transformers, electron tubes, semiconductors, and
             other electronic components                                                                                                32.5                                                 11.6
329601      Mineral wool insulation (fibrous glass, rock wool, etc.)                                                                     (D)                                                   (1)
970099      All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies                                                        286.6                                             1 r442.1
971000      Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, n.s.k.2                                                                  164.3                                                325.1



            INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS

                     Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies                                                                  804.4                                                574.6

            Fabricated metal products, except forgings:
346901        Metal stampings                                                                                                            9.3                                                  5.0
349013        Wire racks, grills, springs, and other fabricated nonelectric wire products                                                3.6                                                  1.6
345001        Bolts, nuts, screws, washers, rivets, and screw machine products                                                          14.4                                                 13.3
340059        All other fabricated metal products                                                                                        8.2                                                   (1)
346000      Forgings                                                                                                                       –                                                   (1)
            Castings (rough and semifinished):
332001        Iron and steel                                                                                                               –                                                   (1)
336005        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                                                                               12.1
                                                                                                                                        16.8
336003        All other nonferrous                                                                                                                                                            1.6
            Shapes and forms, except castings, forgings, and fabricated metal products:
              Steel:
331007          Bars, bar shapes, and plates                                                                                                                                                   (1)
331022          Sheet and strip                                                                                                         16.2                                                   (1)
331034          All other steel shapes and forms                                                                                                                                               (1)
335010        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                                                                                 (1)
                                                                                                                                         2.6
335091        All other nonferrous shapes and forms                                                                                                                                            (1)
335701      Nonferrous wire and cable, including magnet wire, bare or insulated wire,
             etc.                                                                                                                        9.9                                                   (1)
            Electric motors and generators:
              Fractional horsepower electric motors:
362110           Timing motors, synchronous and subsynchronous                                                                                                                                 (1)
                                                                                                                                        54.7
362115           Other fractional horsepower electric motors, excluding timing motors                                                                                                        15.2
362120        Integral horsepower electric motors and generators (1 hp or more)                                                         36.4                                                 43.5

         See footnotes at end of table.


36B–22          HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES                                                                                            MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES
TIPS [UPF] C_BROOKS [APS_PSB,C_BROOKS] APS-PSB 5/ 17/ 95 11:14 AM MACHINE: EPCV23 DATA:NONE TAPE: NOreel FRAME: 16
TSF:36B_92.DAT;2 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:27 UTF:36B_93.DAT;4 5/ 17/ 95 11:11:28 META:TIPS96-11111203.DAT;1 5/ 17/ 95 11:13:47
Table 7.         Materials Consumed by Kind: 1992 and 1987 Con.
[Includes cost of materials consumed or put into production by establishments classified only in this industry.       For further explanation, see Cost of Materials in appendixes.   For meaning of
  abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text]

Material                                                                                                                     1992 delivered cost                                 1987 delivered cost
                                               Material
 code                                                                                                                            (million dollars)                                   (million dollars)

            INDUSTRY 3635, HOUSEHOLD VACUUM CLEANERS Con.

260091      Paper and paperboard containers including shipping sacks and other paper
             packaging supplies                                                                                                                39.0                                                19.8
360101      Electrical transmission, distribution, and control equipment                                                                        (D)                                                  (1)
364300      Current-carrying wiring devices                                                                                                    13.4                                                  (1)
387316      Timing mechanisms, except microprocessors                                                                                             –                                                  (1)
382201      Automatic temperature controls (thermostats, regulators, etc.)                                                                      (D)                                                  (1)

285101      Paints, varnishes, lacquers, stains, shellacs, japans, enamels, and allied
             products                                                                                                                            .7                                                 1.5
306902      Fabricated rubber products, except tires, tubes, hose, belting, and gaskets                                                         3.3                                                  (1)
305201      Rubber and plastics hose and belting                                                                                               15.7                                                20.5
308007      Plastics products consumed in the form of sheets, rods, tubes, and other
             shapes                                                                                                                             (D)                                                56.9
282104      Plastics resins consumed in the form of granules, pellets, powders, liquids,
             etc.                                                                                                                            115.5                                                 55.1

335762      Complete flexible cord sets                                                                                                        19.5                                                 6.4
367004      Resistors, capacitors, transformers, electron tubes, semiconductors, and
             other electronic components                                                                                                       (D)                                                 11.5
329601      Mineral wool insulation (fibrous glass, rock wool, etc.)                                                                             –                                                   (1)
970099      All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies                                                              184.5                                           1   r271.6
971000      Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, n.s.k.2                                                                        195.6                                                 39.0



            INDUSTRY 3639, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, N.E.C.

                     Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies                                                                      1 230.4                                           1 159.2


            Fabricated metal products, except forgings:
346901        Metal stampings                                                                                                                  30.0                                                 6.6
349013        Wire racks, grills, springs, and other fabricated nonelectric wire products                                                      23.2                                                21.9
345001        Bolts, nuts, screws, washers, rivets, and screw machine products                                                                 23.4                                                16.3
340059        All other fabricated metal products                                                                                              30.8                                                  (1)
346000      Forgings                                                                                                                             (4)                                                 (1)

            Castings (rough and semifinished):
332001        Iron and steel                                                                                                                                                                        3.3
336005        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                                 18.6                                                  (1)
336003        All other nonferrous                                                                                                                                                                   (1)

            Shapes and forms, except castings, forgings, and fabricated metal products:
              Steel:
331007          Bars, bar shapes, and plates                                                                                                    (3)                                                  (1)
331022          Sheet and strip                                                                                                              146.7                                                   (1)
331034          All other steel shapes and forms                                                                                             339.6                                                   (1)
335010        Aluminum and aluminum-base alloy                                                                                                21.1                                                   (1)
335091        All other nonferrous shapes and forms
335701      Nonferrous wire and cable, including magnet wire, bare or insulated wire,
             etc.                                                                                                                               7.5                                                  (1)

            Electric motors and generators:
              Fractional horsepower electric motors:
362110           Timing motors, synchronous and subsynchronous                                                                                                                                       (1)
                                                                                                                                               57.2
362115           Other fractional horsepower electric motors, excluding timing motors                                                                                                              38.9
362120        Integral horsepower electric motors and generators (1 hp or more)                                                                 2.5                                                    –
260091      Paper and paperboard containers including shipping sacks and other paper
             packaging supplies                                                                                                                43.8                                               42.1
360101      Electrical transmission, distribution, and control equipment                                                                       55.4                                                 (1)
364300      Current-carrying wiring devices                                                                                                    27.8                                               25.7
387316      Timing mechanisms, except microprocessors                                                                                          23.5                                               25.4
382201      Automatic temperature controls (thermostats, regulators, etc.)                                                                     85.7                                              116.9

285101      Paints, varnishes, lacquers, stains, shellacs, japans, enamels, and allied
             products                                                                                                                          16.7                                                14.9
306902      Fabricated rubber products, except tires, tubes, hose, belting, and gaskets                                                         5.2                                                 4.3
305201      Rubber and plastics hose and belting                                                                                               11.4                                                  (1)
308007      Plastics products consumed in the form of sheets, rods, tubes, and other
             shapes                                                                                                                            77.7                                                24.8
282104      Plastics resins consumed in the form of granules, pellets, powders, liquids,
             etc.                                                                                                                              79.2                                                25.1

335762      Complete flexible cord sets                                                                                                          .4                                                  (1)
367004      Resistors, capacitors, transformers, electron tubes, semiconductors, and
             other electronic components                                                                                                        3.7                                                25.4
329601      Mineral wool insulation (fibrous glass, rock wool, etc.)                                                                           18.6                                                11.0
970099      All other materials and components, parts, containers, and supplies                                                              4215.1                                          1 r700.1
971000      Materials, ingredients, containers, and supplies, n.s.k.2                                                                        165.8                                                 56.6

         1In 1987, data for these material codes were not collected separately but were included in material code 970099.
         2Total cost of materials of establishments that did not report detailed materials data, including establishments that were not   mailed a form.
         3For 1992, material code 331007 is included with material code 331034 to avoid disclosing data for individual companies.
         4For 1992, material code 346000 is included with material code 970099 to avoid disclosing data for individual companies.




MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 36B–23
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Appendix A.
Explanation of Terms


   This appendix is in two sections. Section 1 includes items requested of all establishments mailed census of
manufactures forms including annual survey of manufactures (ASM) forms. Note that this section also includes several
items (number of establishments and companies, value added, classes of products, and specialization and coverage ratios)
not included on the report forms but derived from information collected on the forms. Section 2 covers supplementary items
requested only from establishments included in the ASM sample. Results of the supplementary ASM inquiries are included
in table 3c of this report.


       SECTION 1. ITEMS COLLECTED OR DERIVED BASED ON ALL CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES
                              (INCLUDING ASM) REPORT FORMS

Number of establishments and companies. A separate                                           paid holidays, and paid vacations during these pay
report was required for each manufacturing establishment                                     periods. Officers of corporations are included as employ-
(plant) with one employee or more. An establishment is                                       ees; proprietors and partners of unincorporated firms are
defined as a single physical location where manufacturing                                    excluded. The ‘‘all employees’’ number is the average
is performed. A company, on the other hand, is defined as                                    number of production workers plus the number of other
a business organization consisting of one establishment or                                   employees in mid-March. The number of production work-
more under common ownership or control.                                                      ers is the average for the payroll periods including the 12th
   If the company operated at different physical locations,                                  of March, May, August, and November.
even if the individual locations were producing the same                                     Production workers. This item includes workers (up
line of goods, a separate report was requested for each                                      through the line-supervisor level) engaged in fabricating,
location. If the company operated in two or more distinct                                    processing, assembling, inspecting, receiving, storing, han-
lines of manufacturing at the same location, a separate                                      dling, packing, warehousing, shipping (but not delivering),
report was requested for each activity.                                                      maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product
   An establishment not in operation for any portion of the                                  development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g.,
year was requested to return the report form with the                                        power plant), recordkeeping, and other services closely
proper notation in the ‘‘Operational Status’’ section of the                                 associated with these production operations at the estab-
form. In addition, the establishment was requested to                                        lishment covered by the report. Employees above the
report data on any employees, capital expenditures, inven-                                   working-supervisor level are excluded from this item.
tories, or shipments from inventories during the year.
                                                                                             All other employees. This item covers nonproduction
   In this report, data are shown for establishments in                                      employees of the manufacturing establishment including
operation at any time during the year. A comparison with                                     those engaged in factory supervision above the line-
the number of establishments in operation at the end of                                      supervisor level. It includes sales (including driver sales-
the year will be provided in the Introduction of the General                                 persons), sales delivery (highway truckdrivers and their
Summary subject report.                                                                      helpers), advertising, credit, collection, installation and
                                                                                             servicing of own products, clerical and routine office
Employment and related items.            The report forms                                    function, executive, purchasing, financing, legal, personnel
requested separate information on production workers for                                     (including cafeteria, medical, etc.), professional, and tech-
a specific payroll period within each quarter of the year and                                nical employees. Also included are employees on the
on other employees as of the payroll period which included                                   payroll of the manufacturing establishment engaged in the
the 12th of March.                                                                           construction of major additions or alterations to the plant
                                                                                             and utilized as a separate work force.
All employees.      This item includes all full-time and                                        In addition to reports sent to operating manufacturing
part-time employees on the payrolls of operating manu-                                       establishments, information on employment during the
facturing establishments during any part of the pay period                                   payroll period which included March 12 and annual pay-
which included the 12th of the months specified on the                                       rolls also was requested of auxiliary units (e.g., administra-
report form. Included are all persons on paid sick leave,                                    tive offices, warehouses, and research and development

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                         APPENDIX A A–1
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laboratories) of multiestablishment companies. However,                                      others on materials or parts furnished by manufacturing
these figures are not included in the totals for individual                                  establishments (contract work), and (5) products bought
industries shown in this report. They are included in the                                    and resold in the same condition. (See discussion of
General Summary and geographic area reports as a                                             duplication of data below.)
separate category.
                                                                                             Specific materials consumed. In addition to the total
Payroll. This item includes the gross earnings of all                                        cost of materials, which every establishment was required
employees on the payrolls of operating manufacturing                                         to report, information also was collected for most manu-
establishments paid in the calendar year 1992. Respon-                                       facturing industries on the consumption of major materials
dents were told they could follow the definition of payrolls                                 used in manufacturing. The inquiries were restricted to
used for calculating the Federal withholding tax. It includes                                those materials which were important parts of the cost of
all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, com-                                     production in a particular industry and for which cost
missions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave                                    information was available from manufacturers’ records.
pay, and compensation in kind, prior to such deductions as                                   Information on the establishments consuming less than a
employees’ Social Security contributions, withholding taxes,                                 specified amount (usually $25,000) of a specific material
group insurance, union dues, and savings bonds. The total                                    were not requested to report consumption of that material
includes salaries of officers of corporations; it excludes                                   separately. Also, the cost of materials for the small estab-
payments to proprietors or partners of unincorporated                                        lishments for which either administrative records or short
concerns. Also excluded are payments to members of                                           forms were used was imputed as ‘‘not specified by kind.’’
Armed Forces and pensioners carried on the active pay-                                       (See Census of Manufactures for the importance of
rolls of manufacturing establishments.                                                       administrative records in the industry.)
    The census definition of payrolls is identical to that
recommended to all Federal statistical agencies by the                                       Value of shipments. This item covers the received or
Office of Management and Budget. It should be noted that                                     receivable net selling values, f.o.b. plant (exclusive of
this definition does not include employers’ Social Security                                  freight and taxes), of all products shipped, both primary
contributions or other nonpayroll labor costs, such as                                       and secondary, as well as all miscellaneous receipts, such
employees’ pension plans, group insurance premiums, and                                      as receipts for contract work performed for others, instal-
workers’ compensation.                                                                       lation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products
    The ASM provides estimates of employers’ supplemen-                                      bought and resold without further processing. Included are
tal labor costs, both those required by Federal and State                                    all items made by or for the establishments from materials
laws and those incurred voluntarily or as part of collective                                 owned by it, whether sold, transferred to other plants of the
bargaining agreements. (Supplemental labor costs are                                         same company, or shipped on consignment. The net
explained later in this appendix.)                                                           selling value of products made in one plant on a contract
    As in the case of employment figures, the payrolls of                                    basis from materials owned by another was reported by
separate auxiliary units of multiestablishment companies                                     the plant providing the materials.
are not included in the totals for individual industries or                                      In the case of multiunit companies, the manufacturer
industry groups.                                                                             was requested to report the value of products transferred
                                                                                             to other establishments of the same company at full
Production-worker hours. This item covers hours worked                                       economic or commercial value, including not only the
or paid for at the plant, including actual overtime hours (not                               direct cost of production but also a reasonable proportion
straight-time equivalent hours). It excludes hours paid for                                  of ‘‘all other costs’’ (including company overhead) and
vacations, holidays, or sick leave.                                                          profit. (See discussion of duplication of data below.)

Cost of materials. This term refers to direct charges                                        Individual products.       As in previous censuses, data
actually paid or payable for items consumed or put into                                      were collected for most industries on the quantity and
production during the year, including freight charges and                                    value of individual products shipped. In the 1992 census
other direct charges incurred by the establishment in                                        program, information was collected on the output of almost
acquiring these materials. It includes the cost of materials                                 11,000 individual product items. The term ‘‘product,’’ as
or fuel consumed, whether purchased by the individual                                        used in the census of manufactures, represents the finest
establishment from other companies, transferred to it from                                   level of detail for which output information was requested.
other establishments of the same company, or withdrawn                                       Consequently, it is not necessarily synonymous with the
from inventory during the year.                                                              term ‘‘product’’ as used in the marketing sense. In some
   The important components of this cost item are (1) all                                    cases, it may be much more detailed and, in other cases,
raw materials, semifinished goods, parts, containers, scrap,                                 it is more aggregative. For example, ‘‘pharmaceutical
and supplies put into production or used as operating                                        preparations’’ was distributed into over 100 terms; whereas,
supplies and for repair and maintenance during the year,                                     ‘‘motor gasoline’’ was reported as a single item.
(2) electric energy purchased, (3) fuels consumed for heat,                                     Approximately 6,300 of the product items were listed
power, or the generation of electricity, (4) work done by                                    separately on the 1992 census report forms. Data for

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about 4,500 products were obtained in the monthly, quar-                                     in the production of a finished manufactured product.
terly, or annual surveys comprising the Current Industrial                                   Examples are the addition of flour mills to bakeries in the
Reports series of the Census Bureau. Totals for the year                                     food group and the addition of pulp mills to paper mills in
1992 for these items, as derived from the commodity                                          the paper and allied products group of industries. Esti-
surveys, are shown in the ‘‘products shipped’’ table.                                        mates of the overall extent of this duplication indicate that
    The list of products for which separate information was                                  the value of manufactured products exclusive of such
collected was prepared after consultation with industry and                                  duplication (the value of finished manufactures) tends to
government representatives. Comparability with previous                                      approximate two-thirds of the total value of products
figures was given considerable weight in the selection of                                    reported in the annual survey.
product categories so that comparable 1987 information is                                       Duplication of products within individual industries is
presented for most products.                                                                 significant within a number of industry groups, e.g., machin-
    Typically, both quantity and value of shipments informa-                                 ery and transportation industries. These industries fre-
tion were collected. However, if quantity was not significant                                quently include complete machinery and their parts. In this
or could not be reported by manufacturers, only value of                                     case, the parts made for original equipment are materials
shipments was collected.                                                                     consumed for assembly plants in the same industry.
    Shipments include both commercial shipments and                                             Even when no significant amount of duplication is
transfers of products to other plants of the same company.                                   involved, value of shipments figures are deficient as mea-
For industries in which a considerable portion of the total                                  sures of the relative economic importance of individual
shipments is transferred to other plants of the same                                         manufacturing industries or geographic areas because of
company, separate information on interplant transfers also                                   the wide variation in ratio of materials, labor, and other
was collected. Moreover, for products that are used to a                                     processing costs of value of shipments, both among
large degree within the same establishment as materials or                                   industries and within the same industry.
components in the fabrication of other products, total                                          Before 1962, cost of materials and value of shipments
production and often consumption of the item within the                                      were not published for some industries which included
plant was collected. Typically, the information on produc-                                   considerable duplication. Since then, these data have
tion also was collected for products for which there are                                     been published for all industries at the U.S. level and
significant differences between total production and ship-                                   beginning in 1964, for all geographic levels.
ments in a given year because of wide fluctuations in
finished goods inventories. Other measures of output of                                      Value added by manufacture. This measure of manu-
products with long production cycles were used as appro-                                     facturing activity is derived by subtracting the cost of
priate and feasible.                                                                         materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electricity,
                                                                                             and contract work from the value of shipments (products
Classes of products. To summarize the product infor-                                         manufactured plus receipts for services rendered). The
mation, the separate products were aggregated into classes                                   result of this calculation is adjusted by the addition of value
of products that, in turn, were grouped into all primary                                     added by merchandising operations (i.e., the difference
products of each industry. The code structure used is a                                      between the sales value and the cost of merchandise sold
seven-digit number for the individual product, a five-digit                                  without further manufacture, processing, or assembly) plus
number for the class of product, and a four-digit number for                                 the net change in finished goods and work-in-process
the total primary products in an industry. (See Census of                                    between the beginning- and end-of-year inventories.
Manufactures, Industry Classification of Establishments,                                        For those industries where value of production is col-
for application of the coding structure to the assignment of                                 lected instead of value of shipments (see footnote in table
SIC codes for establishments.)                                                               1a), value added is adjusted only for the change in
   In the 1992 census, the 11,000 products were grouped                                      work-in-process inventories between the beginning and
into approximately 1,500 separate classes on the basis of                                    end of year. For those industries where value of work done
general similarity of manufacturing processes, types of                                      is collected, the value added does not include an adjust-
materials used, etc. However, the grouping of products                                       ment for the change in finished goods or work-in-process
was affected by the economic significance of the class                                       inventories.
and, in some cases, dissimilar products were grouped                                            ‘‘Value added’’ avoids the duplication in the figure for
because the products were not sufficiently significant to                                    value of shipments that results from the use of products of
warrant separate classes.                                                                    some establishments as materials by others. Value added
                                                                                             is considered to be the best value measure available for
Duplication in cost of materials and value of ship-                                          comparing the relative economic importance of manufac-
ments. The aggregate of the cost of materials and value                                      turing among industries and geographic areas.
of shipments figures for industry groups and for all manu-
facturing industries includes large amounts of duplication                                   New and used capital expenditures. For establish-
since the products of some industries are used as materi-                                    ments in operation and any known plants under construc-
als by others. This duplication results, in part, from the                                   tion, manufacturers were asked to report their new expen-
addition of related industries representing successive stages                                ditures for (1) permanent additions and major alterations to

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                          APPENDIX A A–3
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manufacturing establishments, and (2) machinery and                                             Because of this change in reporting instructions, the
equipment used for replacement and additions to plant                                        1982 through 1992 data for inventories and value added by
capacity if they were of the type for which depreciation                                     manufacture included in the tables of this report are not
accounts were ordinarily maintained.                                                         comparable to the prior-year data shown in table 1a of this
   The totals for new expenditures include expenditures                                      report and in historical census of manufactures and annual
leased from nonmanufacturing concerns through capital                                        survey of manufactures publications.
leases. New facilities owned by the Federal Government
but operated under contract by private companies, and                                           In using inventory data by stage of fabrication for ‘‘all
plant and equipment furnished to the manufacturer by                                         industries’’ and at the two-digit industry level, it should be
communities and nonprofit organizations are excluded.                                        noted that an item treated as a finished product by an
Also excluded are expenditures for used plant and equip-                                     establishment in one industry may be reported as a raw
ment (although reported in the census), expenditures for                                     material by another establishment in a different industry.
land, and cost of maintenance and repairs charged as                                         For example, the finished-product inventories of a steel
current operating expenses.                                                                  mill would be reported as raw materials by a stamping
   Manufacturers also were requested to report the value                                     plant. Such differences are present in the inventory figures
of all used buildings and equipment purchased during the                                     by stage of fabrication shown for individual industries,
year at the purchase price. For any equipment or structure                                   industry groups, and ‘‘all manufacturing’’, which are aggre-
transferred for the use of the reporting establishment by                                    gates of figures reported by establishments in specified
the parent company or one of its subsidiaries, the value at                                  industries.
which it was transferred to the establishment was to be
reported. Furthermore, if the establishment changed own-
                                                                                             Specialization and coverage ratios. These items are not
ership during the year, the cost of the fixed assets (building
                                                                                             collected on the report forms but are derived from the data
and equipment) was to be reported under used capital
                                                                                             shown in table 5b. An establishment is classified in a
expenditures.
                                                                                             particular industry if its shipments of primary products of
   Total expenditures for used plant and equipment is a
universe figure; it is collected on all census forms. How-                                   that industry exceed in value its shipments of the products
ever, the breakdown of this figure between expenditures                                      of any other single industry.
for used buildings and other structures and expenditures                                        An establishment’s shipments include those products
for used machinery and equipment is collected only on the                                    assigned to an industry (primary products), those consid-
ASM form. The data for total new capital expenditures,                                       ered primary to other industries (secondary products), and
new building expenditures, and new machinery expendi-                                        receipts for miscellaneous activities (merchandising, con-
tures, as well as the data for total used expenditures, are                                  tract work, resales, etc.). Specialization and coverage
shown in table 3b.                                                                           ratios have been developed to measure the relationship of
                                                                                             primary product shipments to the data on shipments for
End-of-year inventories. Respondents were asked to                                           the industry shown in tables 1a through 5a and data on
report their 1991 and 1992 end-of-year inventories at cost                                   product shipments shown in tables 6a through 6c.
or market. Effective with the 1982 Economic Census, this
change to a uniform instruction for reporting inventories                                       Specialization ratio represents the ratio of primary prod-
was introduced for all sector reports. Prior to 1982, respon-                                uct shipments to total product shipments (primary and
dents were permitted to value inventories using any gen-                                     secondary, excluding miscellaneous receipts) for the estab-
erally accepted accounting method (FIFO, LIFO, market,                                       lishments classified in the industry.
to name a few). In 1982, LIFO users were asked to first                                         Coverage ratio represents the ratio of primary products
report inventory values prior to the LIFO adjustment and                                     shipped by the establishments classified in the industry to
then to report the LIFO reserve and the LIFO value after                                     the total shipments of such products that are shipped by all
adjustment for the reserve.                                                                  manufacturing establishments wherever classified.


                                 SECTION 2. ITEMS COLLECTED ONLY ON ASM REPORT FORMS

  The following items were collected only from establish-                                    were employer initiated or the result of collective bargain-
ments included in the ASM sample:                                                            ing. They include the employer portion of such plans as
                                                                                             insurance premiums, premiums for supplemental accident
Supplemental labor costs. Supplemental labor costs                                           and sickness insurance, pension plans, supplemental unem-
are divided into legally required expenditures and pay-                                      ployment compensation, welfare plans, stock purchase
ments for voluntary programs. The legally required portion                                   plans on which the employer payment is not subject to
consists primarily of Federal old age and survivors’ insur-                                  withholding tax, and deferred profit-sharing plans. They
ance, unemployment compensation, and workers’ compen-                                        exclude such items as company-operated cafeterias, in-plant
sation. Payments for voluntary programs include all pro-                                     medical services, free parking lots, discounts on employee
grams not specifically required by legislation whether they                                  purchases, and uniforms and work clothing for employees.

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While the excluded items do benefit employees and all or                                     buildings, structures, machinery, and equipment (produc-
part of their cost generally is similar to the items covered in                              tion, office, and transportation equipment) for which depre-
the ASM labor costs statistics, accounting records gener-                                    ciation reserves are maintained. Excluded are nondepre-
ally do not provide reliable figures on net employee                                         ciable capital assets, including inventories and intangible
benefits of these types.                                                                     assets, such as timber and mineral rights.
                                                                                                The definition of fixed depreciable assets is consistent
Retirements of depreciable assets. Included in this                                          with the definition of capital expenditures. For example,
item is the gross value of assets sold, retired, scrapped,                                   expenditures include actual capital outlays during the year,
destroyed, etc., during 1992. When a complete operation                                      rather than the final value of equipment put in place and
or establishment changed ownership, the respondent was                                       buildings completed during the year. Accordingly, the value
instructed to report the value of the assets sold at the                                     of assets at the end of the year includes the value of
original cost as recorded in the books of the seller. The                                    construction in progress. In addition, respondents were
respondent also was requested to report retirements of                                       requested to make certain that assets at the beginning of
equipment or structures owned by a parent company that                                       the year plus new and used capital expenditures, less
the establishment was using as if it were a tenant.                                          retirements, equalled assets at the end of the year.

Depreciation charges for fixed assets. This item includes                                    New and used capital expenditures. The data for total
depreciation and amortization charged during the year                                        new capital expenditures, new building expenditures, new
against assets. Depreciation charged against fixed assets                                    machinery expenditures, and total used capital expendi-
acquired since the beginning of the year and against                                         tures are collected on all census forms. However, the
assets sold or retired during the year are components of                                     breakdown between expenditures for used buildings and
this category. Respondents were requested to make cer-                                       other structures and expenditures for used machinery and
tain that they did not report accumulated depreciation.                                      equipment is collected only on the ASM form. (See further
                                                                                             explanation on capital expenditures in section 1.)
Rental payments. Total rental payments is collected on
all census forms. However, the breakdown between rental                                      Quantity of electric energy consumed for heat and
payments for buildings and other structures and rental                                       power. Data on the cost of purchased electric energy
payments for machinery and equipment is collected only                                       are collected on all census forms. However, data on the
on the ASM forms. This item includes rental payments for                                     quantity of purchased electric energy are collected only on
the use of all items for which depreciation reserves would                                   the ASM forms. In addition, information is collected on the
be maintained if they were owned by the establishment,                                       quantity of electric energy generated by the establishment
e.g., structures and buildings, and production, office, and                                  and the quantity of electric energy sold or transferred to
transportation equipment. Excluded are royalties and other                                   other plants of the same company.
payments for the use of intangibles and depletable assets,
and land rents where separable.                                                              Breakdown of new capital expenditures for machinery
    When an establishment of a multiestablishment com-                                       and equipment. ASM establishments were requested to
pany was charged rent by another part of the same                                            separate their capital expenditures for new machinery and
company for the use of assets owned by the company, it                                       equipment into (1) automobiles, trucks, etc., for highway
was instructed to exclude that cost from rental payments.                                    use, (2) computers and peripheral data processing equip-
However, the book value (original cost) of these company-                                    ment, and (3) all other.
owned assets was to be reported as assets of the estab-                                         The category ‘‘automobiles, trucks, etc., for highway
lishment at the end of the year.                                                             use’’ is intended to measure expenditures for vehicles
    If there were assets at an establishment rented from                                     designed for highway use that were acquired through a
another company and the rents were paid centrally by the                                     purchase or lease-purchase agreement. Vehicles normally
head office of the establishment, the company was instructed                                 operating off public highways (vehicles specifically designed
to report these rental payments as if they were paid directly                                to transport materials, property, or equipment on mining,
by the establishment.                                                                        construction, logging, and petroleum development projects)
                                                                                             are excluded from this item.
Depreciable assets. Total value of gross depreciable
assets is collected on all census forms. However, the                                        Foreign content of cost of materials. Establishments
detail for depreciable assets is collected only on the ASM                                   included in the ASM sample panel were requested to
forms. The data encompass all fixed depreciable assets on                                    provide information on foreign-made materials purchased
the books of establishments at the beginning and end of                                      or transferred from foreign sources. This includes materi-
the year. The values shown (book value) represent the                                        als acquired from a central warehouse or other domestic
actual cost of assets at the time they were acquired,                                        establishment of the same company but made in an
including all costs incurred in making the assets usable                                     operation outside of the 50 States, District of Columbia,
(such as transportation and installation). Included are all                                  Puerto Rico, or U.S. territories.

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                        APPENDIX A A–5
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Cost of purchased services. ASM establishments were                                                   Since the published statistics for these items were
requested to provide information on the cost of purchased                                          developed from the complete census universe and not
services for the repair of buildings and other structures, the                                     just the ASM establishments, there are no sampling
repair of machinery, communication services, legal ser-                                            variances associated with these statistics. However,
vices, accounting and bookkeeping services, advertising,                                           there is an unknown level of bias for each of the items
software and other data processing services, and refuse
                                                                                                   due to the imputation of the non-ASM establishments.
removal. Each of these items reflect the costs paid directly
                                                                                                   This bias is felt to be small due to the strong correla-
by the establishment, and exclude salaries paid to employ-
ees of the establishment for these services.                                                       tion between the items being imputed and the col-
   Included in the cost of purchased services for the repair                                       lected items that were used to generate the impute
of buildings and machinery are payments made for all                                               values.
maintenance and repair work on buildings and equipment,
such as painting, roof repairs, replacing parts, and over-                                     2. For items 8 and 9, the estimates were developed using
hauling equipment. Such payments made to other estab-                                             a ratio estimation methodology. For item 8, an esti-
lishments of the same company and for repair and main-                                            mate of the breakout of new capital expenditures for
tenance of any leased property also are included. Extensive                                       machinery and equipment into the three categories
repairs or reconstruction that were capitalized are consid-                                       was made from ASM establishments reporting these
ered capital expenditures for used buildings and machinery                                        categories. The estimated proportions were then applied
and are, therefore, excluded from this item. Repair and                                           to the corresponding census value for new capital
maintenance costs provided by an owner as part of a
                                                                                                  expenditures for machinery and equipment to produce
rental contract or incurred directly by an establishment in
                                                                                                  the estimates.
using its own work force also are excluded.
   Included in the cost of purchased advertising services                                            The estimates for item 9, foreign content of cost of
are payments for printing, media coverage, and other                                               materials, were developed in a similar manner based
advertising services and materials.                                                                on costs of parts, supplies, and components (item 5a)
   Included in the cost of purchased software and other                                            as the control total for the three categories.
data processing services are all purchases by the estab-
lishment from other companies. Excluded are services                                                  For items 8 and 9, an adjustment ratio of the
provided by other establishments of the same company                                               following form was computed:
(such as by a separate data processing unit).
                                                                                                                             NMc
   Included in the cost of purchased refuse removal ser-                                                              Rj =
vices are all costs of refuse removal services paid by the                                                                   TMEasm
establishment, including costs for hazardous waste removal                                             where:
or treatment. Excluded are all costs included in rental                                                             NMc = the census value of new capital
payments or as capital expenditures.                                                                                      expenditures for machinery and
   Three basic approaches were utilized to produce these
                                                                                                                          equipment
statistics.
                                                                                                          TMEasm =           the weighted ASM value of new
  1. For items 1 through 6, data were estimated (imputed)                                                                    capital expenditures for machinery
     for all non-ASM establishments using the available                                                                      and equipment from reporters of
     data in the establishment record and industry-based                                                                     the detailed breakout data
     parameters. The statistics were then generated by
     simply tabulating all census records including the
                                                                                               3. For item 10, cost of purchased services, the estimates
     imputed value for non-ASM establishments and the
     unweighted value for ASM establishments. Separate                                            were made by simply tabulating weighted data for all
     imputation rates were developed and are shown in the                                         the ASM records that reported the item. A response
     table. For quantity of purchased electricity for heat and                                    coverage ratio (a measure of the extent to which
     power (item 7), a similar procedure was used; how-                                           respondents reported for each item) is shown in table
     ever, the imputation parameters were geographically-                                         3c for the types of services. It is derived for each item
     based instead of industry-based. For quantities of                                           by calculating the ratio of the weighted employment
     generated less sold electricity, no imputation was                                           (establishment data multiplied by sample weight, see
     performed for non-ASM establishments. The estimates                                          appendix B) for those ASM establishments that reported
     for these items are simply tabulations of unweighted                                         the specific inquiry to the weighted total employment
     ASM values.                                                                                  for all ASM establishments classified in the industry.




A–6      APPENDIX A                                                                                                   MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
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Appendix B.
Annual Survey of Manufactures Sampling and
Estimating Methodologies

DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY SAMPLE                                                                 general statistics, since these are highly correlated with
                                                                                             value of shipments. Individual sample selection probabili-
    The annual survey of manufactures (ASM) contains two                                     ties were obtained by multiplying each establishment’s
components. The mail portion of the survey is a probability                                  final measure of size by an overall sampling fraction
sample of about 64,000 manufacturing establishments                                          coefficient calculated to yield a total expected sample size.
selected from a total of about 216,000 establishments.
These 216,000 establishments represent all manufactur-                                          The sample selection procedure gave each establish-
ing establishments of multiunit companies and all single-                                    ment in the sampling frame an independent chance of
establishment companies mailed schedules in the 1987                                         selection. This method of independent selection permits
Census of Manufactures. This mail portion is supple-                                         the rotation of small establishments out of a given sample
mented annually by a Social Security Administration list of                                  panel without introducing a bias into the survey estimates.
new manufacturing establishments opened after 1987 and                                           The nonmail portion of the survey includes all single-
a list of new multiunit manufacturing establishments iden-                                   establishment companies that were tabulated as adminis-
tified from the Census Bureau’s Company Organization                                         trative records in the 1987 Census of Manufactures.
Survey.                                                                                      Although this portion contained approximately 134,000
    For the current panel, all establishments of companies                                   establishments, it accounted for less than 2 percent of the
with 1987 shipments in manufacturing in excess of $500                                       estimate for total value of shipments at the total manufac-
million were included in the survey panel with certainty.                                    turing level. This portion was not sampled; rather, the data
There are approximately 500 such companies collectively                                      for every establishment in this group were estimated based
accounting for approximately 18,000 establishments. For                                      on selected information obtained annually from the admin-
the remaining portion of the mail survey, the establishment                                  istrative records of the Internal Revenue Service and the
was defined as the sampling unit. For this portion, all                                      Social Security Administration. This administrative-records
establishments with 250 employees or more and establish-                                     information, which includes payroll, total employment, indus-
ments with a very large value of shipments also were                                         try classification, and physical location of the establish-
included in the survey panel with certainty. A total of                                      ment, was obtained under conditions which safeguard the
12,100 establishments were selected from this portion of                                     confidentiality of both tax and census records. Estimates
the universe with certainty. Therefore, of the 64,000 manu-                                  of data other than payroll and employment for these small
facturing establishments included in the ASM panel, approxi-                                 establishments were developed from industry averages.
mately 31,000 are selected with certainty. These certainty
establishments collectively account for approximately 80                                        The corresponding estimates for the mail and nonmail
percent of the total value of shipments in the 1987 census.                                  establishments were added together, along with the base-
                                                                                             year differences, as defined in the Description of Estimat-
    Smaller establishments in the remaining portion of the
                                                                                             ing Procedure section, to produce the figures shown in this
mail survey were sampled with probabilities ranging from
                                                                                             publication.
0.999 to 0.005 in accordance with mathematical theory for
optimum allocation of a sample. The probabilities of selec-                                  DESCRIPTION OF ESTIMATING PROCEDURES
tion assigned to the smaller establishments were propor-
tional to measures of size determined for each establish-                                       Most of the ASM estimates for the years 1988-1991
ment. The measures of size depend directly upon each                                         were computed using a difference estimation procedure.
establishment’s 1987 product class values and the historic                                   For each item, a base-year difference was developed. This
variability of the year-to-year shipments of each product                                    base-year difference is equal to the difference between the
class. Product classes displaying more volatile year-to-                                     1987 census published number for an item total and the
year change in shipments at the establishment level were                                     linear ASM estimate of the total for 1987. The ASM linear
sampled at a heavier rate.                                                                   estimate was obtained by multiplying each sample establish-
    This method of assigning measures of size was used in                                    ment’s data by its sample weight (the reciprocal of its
order to maximize the precision (that is, minimize the                                       probability of selection) and summing the weighted values.
variance of estimates of the year-to-year change) in the                                        These base-year differences were then added to the
value of product class shipments. Implicitly, it also gave                                   corresponding current-year linear estimates, which include
weight differences in employment, value added, and other                                     the sum of the estimates for the mail and nonmail

MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                        APPENDIX B B–1
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establishments, to produce the estimates for the years                                          An inference that the comparable, complete-survey
1983-1991. Estimates developed by this procedure usually                                     result would be within the indicated ranges would be
are far more reliable than comparable linear estimates                                       correct in approximately the relative frequencies shown.
developed from the current sample data alone.                                                Those proportions, therefore, may be interpreted as defin-
   However, the 1992 sample estimates for the purchased                                      ing the confidence that the estimates from a particular
service items, shown in table 3c, are strictly ASM linear                                    sample would differ from complete-coverage results by as
estimates developed only from ASM establishments that                                        much as one, two, or three standard errors, respectively.
reported the specific item.                                                                     For example, suppose an estimated total is shown
   The remaining estimates in table 3c, showing the break-                                   as 50,000 with an associated relative standard error of 2
down of expenditures for new machinery and equipment                                         percent, that is, a standard error of 1,000 (2 percent of
and costs of parts (separated into purchases from foreign                                    50,000). There is approximately 67 percent confidence
sources and purchases from domestic sources), were                                           that the interval 49,000 to 51,000 includes the complete-
computed as ratio estimates. To do this, linear estimates of                                 coverage total, about 95 percent confidence that the
the new machinery detail items were developed from the                                       interval 48,000 to 52,000 includes the complete-coverage
ASM establishments and were ratio adjusted to the corre-                                     total and almost certain confidence that the interval 47,000
sponding census total for new machinery. In a similar                                        to 53,000 includes the complete-coverage total.
fashion, the ASM linear estimates of the detailed pur-
                                                                                                In addition to the sample errors, the estimates are
chased materials items were ratio adjusted to the corre-
                                                                                             subject to various response and operational errors: errors
sponding census total for cost of parts.
                                                                                             of collection, reporting, coding, transcription, imputation for
QUALIFICATIONS OF THE DATA                                                                   nonresponse, etc. These operational errors also would
   The estimates developed from the sample are apt to                                        occur if a complete canvass were to be conducted under
differ somewhat from the results of a survey covering all                                    the same conditions as the survey. Explicit measures of
companies in the sampled lists but otherwise conducted                                       their effects generally are not available. However, it is
under essentially the same conditions as the actual sample                                   believed that most of the important operational errors were
survey. The estimates of the magnitude of the sampling                                       detected and corrected in the course of the Census
errors (the differences between the estimates obtained                                       Bureau’s review of the data for reasonableness and con-
and the results theoretically obtained from a comparable,                                    sistency. The small operational errors usually remain. To
complete-coverage survey) are provided by the standard                                       some extent, they are compensating in the aggregated
errors of the estimates.                                                                     totals shown. When important operational errors were
   The particular sample selected for the ASM is one of a                                    detected too late to correct the estimates, the data were
large number of similar probability samples that, by chance,                                 suppressed or were specifically qualified in the tables.
might have been selected under the same specifications.                                         As derived, the estimated standard errors included part
Each of the possible samples would yield somewhat                                            of the effect of the operational errors. The total errors,
different sets of results, and the standard errors are                                       which depend upon the joint effect of the sampling and
measures of the variation of all the possible sample                                         operational errors, are usually of the order of size indicated
estimates around the theoretical, comparable, complete-                                      by the standard error, or only moderately higher. However,
coverage values.                                                                             for particular estimates, the total error may considerably
   Estimates of the standard errors have been computed                                       exceed the standard errors shown.
from the sample data for selected statistics in this report.
                                                                                                The concept of complete coverage under the conditions
They are presented in the form of relative standard errors
                                                                                             prevailing for the ASM is not identical to the complete
(the standard errors divided by the estimated values to
                                                                                             coverage of the census of manufactures, as the censuses
which they refer).
                                                                                             have been conducted. Nearly all types of operational
   In conjunction with its associated estimate, the relative
                                                                                             errors that affect the ASM also occur in the censuses. The
standard error may be used to define confidence intervals
                                                                                             ASM and the censuses, are conducted under quite differ-
(ranges that would include the comparable, complete-
                                                                                             ent conditions, and operational errors can be better con-
coverage value for specified percentages of all the pos-
                                                                                             trolled in the ASM than in the censuses. As a result, for
sible samples).
                                                                                             many of the census figures, the errors are of the same
   The complete-coverage value would be included in the
                                                                                             order of size as the total errors of the corresponding
range:
                                                                                             annual survey estimates. The differences between the
  1. From one standard error below to one standard error                                     census and ASM operating conditions also disturb, to
     above the derived estimate for about two-thirds of all                                  some degree, the comparability of the ASM and census
     possible samples.                                                                       data.
  2. From two standard errors below to two standard errors                                      Any figures shown in the tables in this publication having
     above the derived estimate for about 19 of 20 of all                                    an associated standard error exceeding 15 percent may be
     possible samples.                                                                       of limited reliability. However, the figure may be combined
  3. From three standard errors below to three standard                                      with higher-level totals, creating a broader aggregate,
     errors above the derived estimate for nearly all samples.                               which then may be of acceptable reliability.

B–2      APPENDIX B                                                                                                  MANUFACTURES—INDUSTRY SERIES
Appendix C.
Product Code Reference Tables


Part 1. Comparability of Product Classes and Product Codes That Changed: 1992 to 1987

[Not applicable for this report]




Part 2. Comparability of Product Classes and Product Codes That Changed: 1987 to 1992

[Not applicable for this report]




Part 3. Current Industrial Reports by Product Code
[Current Industrial Reports (CIR) data are contained in the publication Manufacturing Profiles: 1992 [MP-1(92)] issued August 1994 and available through the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
 Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. To access the most current CIR data electronically, dial the Census-BEA Electronic Forum at 301-457-2310. Your communications modem
 should be set as follows: Baud rate: 1200, 2400, 9600; Parity: None; Data bits: 8; Stop bits: 1; Duplex: full. Before making your first call, decide on a password and be prepared to provide the
 following regarding your computer: PC brand name, monitor screen dimensions (e.g., 80 columns by 24 lines), monitor color support, modem baud rate, and PC communications software package.
 Call the voice number, 301-457-1242, for further bulletin board assistance]

Product code                                      Current Industrial Report                           Product code                                  Current Industrial Report

3612400         MQ36C, Flourescent Lamp Ballasts                                                      3647000          MA36L, Electric Lighting Fixtures
3613200         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3648500          MA36L, Electric Lighting Fixtures
3613300         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3651100          MA36M, Consumer Electronics
3613400         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3651200          MA36M, Consumer Electronics
3613500         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3651400          MA36M, Consumer Electronics
3613600         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls
3613900         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3651500          MA36M, Consumer Electronics
3621100         MA36H, Motors and Generators                                                          3661100          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3621200         MA36H, Motors and Generators                                                          3661300          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3621300         MA36H, Motors and Generators                                                          3661400          MA36P, Communications Equipment
                                                                                                      3663100          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3621400         MA36H, Motors and Generators
3621700         MA36H, Motors and Generators
3621800         MA36H, Motors and Generators                                                          3663200          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3621900         MA36H, Motors and Generators                                                          3669100          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3625100         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3669200          MA36P, Communications Equipment
                                                                                                      3669300          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3625200         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3671300          MA36Q, Semiconductors, Printed Circuit Boards, and Related Equipment
3625300         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls
3625400         MA36A, Switchgear and Industrial Controls                                             3671400          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3631110         MA36F, Major Household Appliances                                                     3671500          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3631120         MA36F, Major Household Appliances                                                     3672000          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3631310         MA36F,   Major    Household   Appliances                                              3674100          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3631320         MA36F,   Major    Household   Appliances                                              3674200          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3631410         MA36F,   Major    Household   Appliances
3631420         MA36F,   Major    Household   Appliances                                              3674300          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3632100         MA36F,   Major    Household   Appliances                                              3674900          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3632200         MA36F,   Major Household Appliances                                                   3675000          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3632300         MA36F,   Major Household Appliances                                                   3676000          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3633010         MA36F,   Major Household Appliances                                                   3677000          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3633020         MA36F,   Major Household Appliances
3634100         MA36E,   Electric Housewares and Fans                                                 3678100          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
                                                                                                      3678200          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3634500         MA36E,   Electric Housewares and Fans                                                 3678300          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3634911         MA36E,   Electric Housewares and Fans                                                 3678400          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3634920         MA36E,   Electric Housewares and Fans                                                 3678500          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3639100         MA36F,   Major Household Appliances
3639200         MA36F,   Major Household Appliances
                                                                                                      3679100          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3639510         MA36F, Major Household Appliances                                                     3679300          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3639520         MA36F, Major Household Appliances                                                     3679500          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3641100         MQ36B, Electric Lamps                                                                 3679600          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3643100         MA36K, Wiring Devices and Supplies                                                    3679800          MA36Q,   Semiconductors,   Printed   Circuit   Boards,   and   Related   Equipment
3643200         MA36K, Wiring Devices and Supplies
3643300         MA36K,   Wiring   Devices   and   Supplies                                            3679920          MA36Q, Semiconductors, Printed Circuit Boards, and Related Equipment
3643400         MA36K,   Wiring   Devices   and   Supplies                                            3679930          MA36M, Consumer Electronics
3643500         MA36K,   Wiring   Devices   and   Supplies                                            3695000          MA35R, Computers and Office and Accounting Machines
3643600         MA36K,   Wiring   Devices   and   Supplies                                            3699100          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3644100         MA36K,   Wiring   Devices   and   Supplies                                            3699283          MA36P, Communications Equipment
3644200         MA36K, Wiring Devices and Supplies
3644300         MA36K, Wiring Devices and Supplies                                                    3699284          MA36P,   Communications    Equipment
3645100         MA36L, Electric Lighting Fixtures                                                     3699285          MA36P,   Communications    Equipment
3646200         MA36L, Electric Lighting Fixtures                                                     3699500          MA36P,   Communications    Equipment
3646300         MA36L, Electric Lighting Fixtures                                                     3699900          MA36P,   Communications    Equipment



MANUFACTURES INDUSTRY SERIES                                                                                                                                                    APPENDIX C C–1
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Publication Program

1992 CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES                                                                  Reference series—1 report (MC92-R-1)
                                                                                                The Numerical List of Manufactured and Mineral Products
   Publications of the 1992 Census of Manufactures, containing
preliminary and final data on manufacturing establishments in the                            includes a description of the principal products and services
United States, are described below. Publications order forms for                             published in the 1992 Censuses of Manufactures and Mineral
the specific reports may be obtained from any Department of                                  Industries.
Commerce district office or from Data User Services Division,
Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC
                                                                                             Location of Manufacturing Plants—1 report
                                                                                             (MC92-LM)
20233-8300.
                                                                                                 This report includes data for number of establishments by
                                                                                             four-digit SIC industry and by employment-size class for counties,
Preliminary Reports                                                                          incorporated places of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and Zip Codes
                                                                                             for each State. This report is available only on compact disc-read
Industry series—83 reports (MC92-I-20A(P) to -39D(P))                                        only memory (CD-ROM).
   Preliminary industry data are issued in 83 separate reports
covering 459 industries. Preliminary summary data for the United                             Analytical Reports—2 reports (AR92-1 and -2)
States and States are released in one report.
                                                                                             Exports From Manufacturing Establishments (AR92-1)
                                                                                                 This report presents data on exports by two- and three-digit
Final Reports                                                                                SIC industry groups for the United States and States. Information
                                                                                             is presented on value of direct report shipments and estimates of
Industry series—83 reports (MC92-1-20A to -39D)
                                                                                             the employment required to manufacture these products. Included
   Each of the 83 reports provides information for a group of                                are estimates of employment in manufacturing and nonmanufac-
related industries (‘‘dairy products’’ includes industries for butter,                       turing establishments that supply parts, materials, and services
cheese, milk, etc.). Final figures for the United States are shown                           for production of manufactured exports.
for each of the 459 manufacturing industries on quantity and
value of products shipped and materials consumed, cost of fuels                              Selected Characteristics of Manufacturing Establish-
and electric energy, capital expenditures, assets, rents, invento-
                                                                                             ments That Export (AR92-2)
ries, employment, payroll, payroll supplements, hours worked,                                  This report presents data on the number of manufacturing
value added by manufacture, number of establishments, and                                    companies and establishments that export by major group, State,
number of companies. Comparative statistics for earlier years are                            employment size, and ratios of exports to shipments.
provided where available.
   For each industry, data on value of shipments, value added by                             Electronic Media
manufacture, capital expenditures, employment, and payroll are
                                                                                                 All data included in the printed reports are available on
shown by employment-size class of establishment, State, and
                                                                                             CD-ROM. The CD-ROM’s provide the same information found
degree of primary product specialization.
                                                                                             in the reports as well as additional information not published in
                                                                                             the final reports, such as location of manufacturing plants.
Geographic area series—51 reports (MC92-A-1 to -51)                                          Electronic media products are available for users who wish to
    A separate report is being published for each State and the                              summarize, rearrange, or process large amounts of data. These
District of Columbia. Each report presents data for industry                                 products, with corresponding technical documentation, are sold
groups and industries on value of shipments, cost of materials,                              by Data User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of
value added by manufacture, employment, payroll, hours worked,                               the Census, Washington, DC 20233-8300.
new capital expenditures, and number of manufacturing estab-
lishments for the State, MA’s, counties, and selected places.                                OTHER ECONOMIC CENSUSES REPORTS
Comparative statistics for earlier census years are shown for the
State and large MA’s. Manufacturing totals are presented for                                    Data on retail trade, wholesale trade, financial, insurance, real
each county and for places with significant manufacturing activity.                          estate, service industries, construction industries, mineral
Detailed statistics (including inventories, assets, rents, and energy                        industries, transportation, communications, utilities, enterprise
costs) are presented only in statewide totals.                                               statistics, minority-owned businesses, and women-owned
                                                                                             businesses also are available from the 1992 Economic Census.
Subject series—3 reports (MC92-S-1 to -3)                                                    A separate series of reports covers the census of outlying
                                                                                             areas—Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of the United States, Guam,
   Each of the three reports contains detailed statistics for an                             and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Sepa-
individual subject, such as concentration ratios in manufacturing,                           rate announcements describing these reports are available free
manufacturers’ shipments to the Federal Government, and a                                    of charge from Data User Services Division, Customer Services,
general national-level summary.                                                              Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC 20233-8300.