5 themes of geography

					                           The Five Themes of Geography

1. Location: Where is it?
      A. Absolute location: the point where 2 lines intersect (latitude & longitude,
      streets, addresses)

      B. Relative location: where it is in relation to something else (north of.., across
      from.. etc.)

2. Place: What’s it like there?
      A. Physical characteristics (landforms, bodies of water, climate, soil, natural
      vegetation, animal life)

      B. Human characteristics (population density, language patterns, religion, culture,
      political systems)

3. Human/Environment Interaction: What is the relationship between humans and their
     environment?
     A. How humans depend on the environment (basic needs: food, shelter, clothing)

      B. How humans modify the environment (construct dams, plow & irrigate fields,
      dig mines, build houses, schools, and shipping centers)

      C. How humans adapt to the environment (air conditioning in the southwestern
      U.S.)

4. Movement: How and why are places connected with one another?
     A. Transportation and communications systems (highways, rivers, air & ship
     routes, telephone lines)

      B. People (ideas, food, language)

      C. Physical Systems (wind, rain, weather)

5. Regions: How and why is one area similar to, or different from, another area?
      A. Physical characteristics: climate, landforms (the desert southwest, the peaks
      and valleys of the Rocky Mountains)

      B. Human characteristics: economic & political systems, social & cultural
      concerns (Quebec, the South, Scandinavia)
                                            Fourth Grade
                                      Arizona Integrated Studies
                                            Sara Jenkins
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Dupré, Judith. Native American Rock Art. 1997. 0-811-1611-7. A petroglyph stamp kit.

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      mountain lion, a roadrunner, a coyote, a tortoise, and members of the Papago Indian tribe, adapt
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Grossman, Virginia. Ten Little Rabbits. 1991.
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       magic.

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Lattimore, Deborah. Frida Maria: A Story of the old Southwest. 1994. 0-15-27663-7.
       Because she does not sew, cook, or dance like a “proper señorita,” Frida cannot please her
       mother until she saves the day at the fiesta with her special talent.

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Maricopa County DOCD & ES. Desert Survival.

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Riley, Gail. Miranda v. Arizona: Rights of the Accused. 0-89490-504-X

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Shelton, Napier. Saguaro National Monument. 1972.

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Smith, Robert. Venomous Animals of Arizona. 1982.

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Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk. The Navajos. 1993. 0-8234-1039-0
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Soto, Gary. The Skirt. 1992. 0-44015-924-1. A light, engaging narrative that successfully combines
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Southwest Parks & Monuments Ass. Tumacacori. 1984.

Spizzirri, Linda. Kachina Dolls. 1983. Educational Coloring Book. 0-86545-046-3.

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Teiwes, Helga. Mission San Xavier del Bac. 1973.

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Vick, Helen Hughes. Walker’s Journey Home. 1995. 1-5140-000-1 Still trapped in ancient times,
fifteen-
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Werner, Floyd and Carl Olson. Insects of the Southwest. 1994. 1-55561-060-9.

Werner, Ruth. Novice in Navajoland. 1972.        Teacher at Navajo Nation from 1941.

Willeford, Daisy. Copper Miner’s Wife. 1996.

Williams, Jack. From the Ground up: Stories of Arizona’s Mines and Early Mineral
       Discoveries. 1993. 1-884892-01-9
Willing, Karen and Julie Dock. Cotton Now and Then. 1996. 0-9641820-3-3.

Woolsey, Norman. Coyote Field Guide. 1987. 0-917563-02-6.

Young, John V. Kokopelli: Casanova of the Cliffdwellers. 1990. 0-86541-026-7.

Zaslavsky, Claudia. Multicultural Mathematics. 1987. 0-8251-2181-7.

                                    Geography Picture Trade Books
                                     Regions of the United States

SOUTHEAST

Borden, Louise. Just in Time for Christmas. 0590453556 A young boy, living in rural Kentucky, looks
forward to the annual Christmas festivities, especially the traditional family cream candy; but, when
his.favorite dog disappears, he comes to realize that tradition and family have a deeper meaning.

Costello, Emily. Realm of the Panther: A Story of South Florida’s Forests. 1568998481 In Florida’s
Big Cypress National Preserve, two hungry panther kittens go in search of food and succeed in their first
hunt without their mother.

Giovanni, Nikki. Knoxville, Tennessee. 0590470744 Describes the joys of summer spent with family in
Knoxville: eating vegetables right from the garden, going to church picnics, and walking in the
mountains.

Hershey, Kathleen. Cotton Mill Town. 0525449663 A visit to Grandmama provides lyrical moments of
peace and pleasure, picking huckleberries or catching tadpoles in the goldfish pond.

Howard, Elizabeth Fitzgerald. Virgie Goes to School with Us Boys. 0689800762 In the post-Civil War
South, a young African American girl is determined to prove that she can go to school just like her older
brothers.

LeTord, Bijou. Picking & Weaving.

Littlesugar, Amy. Freedom School, Yes! 0399230068 When their house is attacked because her mother
volunteered to take in the young white woman who has come to teach black children at the Freedom
School, Jolie is afraid, but she overcomes her fear after learning the value of education.

McKissack, Patricia. Mirandy and Brother Wind. 0440840732

Rylant, Cynthia. Appalachia: The Voices of Sleeping Birds. 0440846854
       When I was Young in the Mountains. 0525441980 The story of a very special Appalachian
childhood, illumined with perceptively happy painting, evokes the love of a place, of a family, and
above all, of a way of life.

San Souci, Robert D. The Boy and the Ghost. 0440843189.
Taulbert, Clifton. Little Cliff and the Porch People. 0803721749 Sent to buy special b utter for Mama
Pearl’s candied sweet potatoes and told to get back lickety-split, Little Cliff is delayed by all his
neighbors when they want to contribute their own ingredients.

Turner, Ann. Nettie’s Trip South. 0590427210.

SOUTHWEST

Albert, Richard. Alejandro’s Gift. 0590988638.

Anzaldua, Gloria. Prietita and the Ghost Woman. 0892391367 Prietta, a young Mexican-American
girl, becomes lost in her search for an herb to cure her mother and is aided by the legendary ghost
woman. (Eng./Span.)

Chandler, Mitzi. I See Something Grand. 0938216503.

Coles, Robert. The Story of Ruby Bridges. 0590439685.

Cordova, Amy. Abuelita’s Heart. 0689801815 Before returning to the city with her parents, a young
girl walks with her grandmother, learning about the special feelings, places, and plants that are part of
her heritage and the Southwestern desert where Abuelita lives.

Hayes. Joe. A Spoon for Every Bite. 0531094995 A poor husband and wife ask their rich neighbor to
be godfather of their child, and once they are compadres, prey upon his pride and extravagance to trick
him out of his fortune.

James, Betsy. The Mud Family. 0399225498 A drought threatens to force Sosi’s family to move from
their canyon, unless she can bring rain with her dancing.

McLerran, Alice. Roxaboxen. 0590468235

Roessel, Monty. Songs from the Loom: A Navajo Girl Learns to Weave. 0822597128

Webb, Denise. The Same Sun was in the Sky. 0873586026 A boy and his grandfather go hiking in the
Arizona desert, where they observe the many rock carvings and imagine the lives of the Hohokam
people who lived there in ancient times.


NORTHEAST

Bartone, Elisa, Peppe The Lamplighter. 0590205900 Peppe’s father is upset when he learns that Peppe
has taken a job lighting the gas street lamps in his New York City neighborhood.

De Angeli, Marguerite. Yoni Wonderrnose. 0440842867

Cherry, Lynne. A River Ran Wild. 044083385X
Cooney, Barbara. Island Boy. 0440840392

Demas, Corinne. The Disappearing Island. 06890539X To celebrate her ninth birthday, Carrie’s
grandmother takes her boat to Billingsgate Island off Cape Cod, an island that is visible only during low
tides.

Dionetti, Michelle. Coal Mine Peaches. 0531059480 Beginning with her grandfather’s boyhood in
Italy, a young girl describes his arrival in the United States and the life he lived with her grandmother
and their children and grandchildren.

Dodd, Anne Wescott. The Story of the Sea Glass 082724161 When Nicole finds a beautiful piece of red
sea glass on the beach, her grandmother Nana tells her a story from her own childhood of a broken red
vase, which may have been the origin of this seaglass. Includes information about sea glass and
instructions for making a sea glass sun-catcher.

Holling, Clancy. Seabird. 0440841151.

Howard, Elizabeth. What’s in Aunt Mary’s Room? 0395698456 While visiting their Great-Aunt
Flossie, two sisters get a chance to see what family treasures are stored in a locked room there.

Howard, Ginger. William’s House. 0761316744 Arriving in New England in 1637, William is
determined to recreate his home in England but realizes that climate requires modification to it.

Lakin, Patricia. Hurricane. 0761316167 A girl and her father prepare their beach cottage for the
coming hurricane, which topples their swing tree and washes away their stairs. Includes section of
hurricane facts.

Lasky, Kathryn. Sugaring Time. 068971081X Text and photographs show how a family taps the sap
from maple trees and processes it into maple syrup.

Levinson, Riki. I go with My Family to Grandma’s. 044084218

Littlesugar, Amy. Tree of Hope. 0399233008 Florrie’s daddy used to be a stage actor in Harlem before
the Depression forced the Lafayette Theater to close, but he gets a chance to act again when Orson
Wells reopens the theater to stage an all-black version of Macbeth.

Locker, Thomas. Family Farm. 0803704895 A farm family nearly loses their home until they hit on the
idea of growing and selling pumpkins and flowers to supplement their corn and milk sales (Not sure if
this is Northeast?)

Maestro, Betsy & Giulio. Ferryboat. 0690945190 A family crosses a river on a ferryboat and observes
how the ferry operates.

McCloskey, Robert. Blueberries for Sal. 670050024
      Burt Dow Deep-Water Man. 0440840279
      One Morning in Maine. 0140501745
McCully, Emily Arnold. The Bobbin Girl. A ten-year old bobbin girl working in a textile mill in
Lowell, Massachusetts, in the 1830’s, must make a difficult decision—will she participate in the strike?
Myers, Walter Dean. Harlem. 0590543407

Provensen, Alice and Martin. Shaker Lane. 0670815683 When the town decides to build a reservoir on
their land, the residents of Shaker Lane decide to move away rather than fight to keep their homes.
Ringgold, Faith. Tar Beach. 059046310

Turkle, Brinton. Thy Friend, Obadiah. 0440848946

Uhlberg, Myron. Flying Over Brooklyn. 1561451940 Lifted by the wind, a boy flies over snow-covered
Brooklyn and admires its winter beauty. Includes information about the 1947 Brooklyn snowstorm, the
greatest in its history.

Wakefield, Pat and Larry Carrara. A Moose for Jessica. 0440845378

Waters, Kate and Madeline Slovenz-Low. Lion Dancer: Ernie Wan’s Chinese New Year.
05590430475


WEST

Bunting, Eve. Cheyenne Again. 0396703646 In the late 1880’s, a Cheyenne boy named Young Bull is
taken to a boarding school to learn the white man’s ways.

Gifaldi, David. Ben, King of the River. 0807506354 Chad experiences a range of emotions when he
goes camping with his parents and his fie-year old mentally disabled brother Ben, who has many
developmental problems.

Hirschi, Ron. Seya’s Song. 0912365625 Using some traditional Clallam words, a young Indian
describes the natural surroundings and activities of the Clallam, or S’Klallam, people through the
seasons of the year. Includes glossary.

Lucas, Barbara. Snowed In. 0027614654 Snowed in for the winter at their Wyoming frontier home ion
the early twentieth century and unable to attend school, Grace and Luke keep busy reading, studying,
singing, and sharing stories.

Paulsen, Gary. Dogteam. 0440910617

Politi, Leo. Song of the Swallows. 0689711409

Scott, Ann Herbert. Cowboy Country. 0395575613 An “old buckaroo” tells how he became a cowboy,
what the work was like in the past, and how this life has changed.

Stanley, Fay. The Last Princess: The Story of Princess Ka’iulani of Hawai’i. 0027867854 Recounts
the story of Hawaii’s last heir to the throne, who was denied her right to rule when the monarchy was
abolished.
Vaughan, Richard Lee. Eagle Boy. 1570611718 An Indian boy’s friendship with eagles ultimately saves
his village in the Pacific Northwest from starvation.

Williams, Sherley Anne. Working Cotton. 0152996249 A young black girl relates the daily events of
her family’s migrant life in the cotton fields of central California.
MIDWEST

Goble, Paul. Death of the Iron Horse. 0689716869 In an act of bravery and defiance against the white
men encroaching on their territory in 1867, a group of young Cheyenne braves derail and raid a freight
train.

Moore, Yvette. A Prairie Alphabet. 0887763235

Polacco, Patricia. My Ol’ Man. 0590897500

Rounds, Glen. Sod Houses on the Great Plains. 823411621

Sanders, Scott. Here Comes the Mystery Man. 0027781453 The Goodwin family’s pioneer home is
visited by the traveling peddler, who brings wondrous things and amazing tales from far away.

Sorensen, Henri. New Hope. 068813256

Stewart, Sarah. The Journey. 0374339058 A Young Amish girl tells her “silent friend,” her diary, about
all the wondrous experiences she has on her first trip to the city.

Wilder, Laura Ingalls. Dance at Grandpa’s. 006023878X A young pioneer girl and her family attend a
wintertime party at her grandparents’ house in the Big Woods of Wisconsin.
        Prairie Day. 0060259051 A little girl and her pioneer family travel westward to find a new home
on the prairie.

Williams, Vera B. Three Days on a River in a Red Canoe. 0688803075 Mother, Aunt Rosie, and two
children make a three-day camping trip by canoe.

Wittman, Patricia. Buffalo Thunder. 0761450017 When young Karl Isaac heads west with his family in
a prairie schooner, he experiences many things but longs to see buffalo.