Allies at Odds examines America's Vietnam policy from 1961 to 1968 in an international context by focusing on the United States relationship with its European partners France, West Germany, and Great Britain. The European response to America's Vietnam policy provides a framework to assess this important chapter in recent American history within the wider perspective of international relations. Equally significant, the respective approaches to the "Vietnam question" by the Europeans and Americans reveal the ongoing challenge for nation-states of transcending narrowly defined state-centered policies for a global perspective pursuant of common goals among the trans-Atlantic allies. Blang explores the failure of France, West Germany, and Great Britain to significantly influence American policy-making. Disregarding European concerns, the United States unilaterally embarked on a strategy of escalation to secure a non-Communist South Vietnam without its European allies.