Potential Impacts of Global Climate Change on Human Health by zez16524

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									   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
David M. Borowski,
       MS
      Environmental Epidemiologist
State of Tennessee Department of Health
"...health and environment are
closely linked, as strongly
demonstrated by the issue of
climate change."

Dr. Julie Gerberding
 Director of CDC
Global climate change: implications
for international public health policy
The evidence for anthropogenic climate change is now clear and
convincing. The Earth’s surface has warmed over the past
century, mostly in the past three decades.

This warming has been linked to more extreme weather
conditions such as intense floods and droughts, heavier and
more frequent storms.

These changes are largely caused by human activities, mainly
the burning of fossil fuels releasing carbon dioxide (CO2) that
traps heat within the atmosphere. These CO2 emissions
continue to rise, and climate models project the average surface
temperature will rise.
       QuickTime™ and a
         decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
              Key Points

Climate change is a mainstream issue
Climate change is a public health issue
Climate change has disproportionate effects
CDC is uniquely poised to make contributions
Opportunity costs of not taking action are high
There are effective, science-based activities and
messages for CDC to conduct and deliver
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
Sea Level Rise due to Glacier
            loss




    Glacier Bay National Park 1941 & 2004
     Photo credits: USGS & USGS/Bruce Molnia
Sea Level Rise
Estimated change
 from a 3.5 meter
   sea level rise




Source: Shaw J. Fueling
  our future. Harvard
Magazine, May-June 2005,
       pp 40-48.
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
Farming and Food Security
 The CDC estimates that 76 million Americans
 get sick, more than 30,000 are hospitalized and
 5,000 die each year from food-borne illnesses.
 Between 1950-2004 the number of U.S. farms
 capable of producing food decreased from
 58 million to 2.1 million.
    Tennessee ranked 8th in the nation in loss of
    farmland from 1992-1997.
 The average farmer in the U.S. is 55 years old.
 The average food item travels between 1500
 and 2500 miles before reaching the market.
 The U.S. spends about $90 billion annually on
 international food programs.
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
Civil Strife
"Climate change is perhaps the
largest looming public health
challenge we face, certainly in
the environmental health field."

Dr. Howard Frumkin
 Director of CDC's National Center for Environmental Health
   Potential Impacts of Global
Climate Change on Human Health
    Change on Human Health
                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                  Storms & flooding      displacement


                        Heat          Morbidity / mortality
Global climate
change effects:    Vector biology      Infectious diseases
• Temperature
                                      Respiratory diseases
• Sea level         Air pollutants

• Precipitation
                    Food supply            Malnutrition

                                      Morbidity / mortality /
                    Civil conflict
                                         displacement
"An effective public health
response to climate change
can prevent injuries, illnesses,
and death; and enhance overall
public health preparedness."
Dr. Julie Gerberding
Director of CDC
Climate Change
 Global Change
Personal Change


 Make Change

								
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