Survey of Income and Program Participation

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Survey of Income and Program       Participation Powered By Docstoc
					  Current Population Survey
             (CPS)
               &
Survey of Income and Program
     Participation (SIPP)
                  Sarah Crissey
      Education and Social Stratification Branch
 Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division
                 U.S. Census Bureau


                                                      1
Residential Mover Rate in U.S. is Lowest Since Census Bureau Began
  Tracking in 1948
          Homes Wi h Cell Phones Nearly Double in First Half of Decade
          H     With C ll Ph     N l D bl i Fi          H lf f D    d
Nearly Half of Parents Get Full Amount of Child Support
             Foreign-Born Exceed the Native-Born in Advanced Degrees
Real Median Household Income Fell 3.6 Percent Between 2007 and 2008
                                y
       Voter Turnout Increases by 5 Million in 2008 Presidential Election
Internet Use Triples in Decade
               Hispanics Become More Prevalent on College Campuses
Stay-at-Home Moms are More Likely Younger, Hispanic and Foreign-
  Born Than Other Mothers
                 F    O t f Fi Old Child         A d i ll O T k
                 Four Out of Five Older Children Academically On-Track
As Baby Boomers Age, Fewer Families Have Children Under 18 at Home
                                 Who Could Afford to Buy a Home in 2004?

                                                                            2
                      Outline
• Survey comparison
• Overview of Census Bureau products
• Current Population Survey (CPS)
  – Background
  – Highlights
  – Exercises
•S          f Income and Program Participation (SIPP)
  Survey of I          dP        P ti i ti
   – Background
   – Highlights
   – Exercises
• Recent Census Bureau Products

                                                3
                           CPS vs. SIPP
• Current Population Survey (CPS)
                                 y              p
    – Cross-sectional: continually refreshed sample
    – Historical comparisons

 Survey of I
•S                  dP        P ti i ti
         f Income and Program Participation
 (SIPP)
    – Longitudinal: tracks same person over time
    – Detailed data on family and economic dynamics

Data from CPS and SIPP are confidential and protected by Title 13 of the
U.S. Code. The Census Bureau uses statistical methods to ensure that
                                          individuals.
the statistics we release do not identify individuals

                                                                           4
               Survey Products:
             p                    g
           Reports and Table Packages
• Provide current information about specific topics
  – Reports published for general audience
     • PDF versions are available online
  – Table packages provide reference material for many
      di
    audiences
     • Released online only
• To find reports or table packages from CPS or
  SIPP:
  – Websites by subject area
  – Start at main Census Web page: www.census.gov
  – Use ‘Subjects A to Z’ or ‘Search’ to find subject area
          p g
    homepages
                                                             5
                 Survey Products:
                    Data Files

         y
• Publicly available
  – DataFerrett - data mining tool that available as
    web-based java applet

  – FTP download page allows you to download the
                             p p
    datasets for statistical purposes


• Users groups, technical documentation, and
  other support available


                                                       6
      Current Population Survey (CPS)

• The 1930s – The Great Depression
  – No data to gauge severity
  – Needed to track trends and assess policy

• Early 1940s: Monthly National Labor Force
  Survey initiated jointly with the Bureau of
  Labor Statistics (BLS) and Census Bureau

• Foundation for the CPS, still run jointly with
  the Census Bureau and BLS


                                                   7
 Current Population Survey (CPS) Design

• Cross-sectional

• Monthly survey

• Sample
                                 p     (   p p )
  – Household addresses are sampled (not people)
  – Upwards of 70,000 households per month
  – Unique contribution – Provides historical time
    series on a number of topics

                               g
• General Web site: www.census.gov/CPS
                                                     8
  Current Population Survey (CPS) Design

• Basic
    Asked
  – A k d every month th
  – Poverty and labor force characteristics
  – Universe: Civilian noninstitutionalized population

• Supplements
  – Asked yearly or less often
  – Universe varies by supplement




                                                         9
    Current Population Survey Supplements
                           y
            2008-2012 Survey Years
                  2008                2009            2010            2011            2012
                  p
               Displaced            Unbanked /         p
                                                    Displaced                          p
                                                                                    Displaced
January         Workers            Underbanked       Workers      Tobacco Use        Workers
February         ASEC                ASEC            ASEC            ASEC            ASEC
March            ASEC                ASEC            ASEC            ASEC            ASEC
             ASEC/Child                            ASEC/Child                      ASEC/Child
April
A il           S
               Support               ASEC           Support
                                                    S                ASEC           Support
                                                                                    S
            Participation in
May            the Arts              (OPEN)       Tobacco Use        (OPEN)          (OPEN)
June            Fertility            (OPEN)         Fertility        (OPEN)          Fertility
July

August
                (OPEN)
            Immigration/Emmi
                gration
                                     DRAFT
                                     (OPEN)

                                    Veterans
                                                    (OPEN)

                                                  Tobacco Use
                                                                     (OPEN)

                                                                    Veterans
                                                                                     (OPEN)

                                                                                    (OPEN)
September     Volunteers           Volunteers      Volunteers      Volunteers      Volunteers

                  School            School          School          School          School
October     Enroll/Valid. Study    Enrollment      Enrollment      Enrollment      Enrollment
              Voting/Civic
November      Engagement            (OPEN)           Voting         (OPEN)           Voting
December    Food Security         Food Security   Food Security   Food Security   Food Security


                                                                                                  10
   Annual Social and Economic (ASEC)
                   Supplement
                   S   l    t
             pp
• Provides supplemental data on:
  – Work experiences, income, non-cash benefits,
    nine non-cash income sources, migration,
    education,                          received)
    education child support (paid and received),
    training and assistance received under welfare
    reform programs (e.g. job training, child care
    services),
    services) educational attainment
• Supplement takes place annually in the
   p g(          y             pp
  spring (formerly the March Supplement))
• Provides national poverty and health
  insurance estimates

                                                     11
Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance
  Coverage in the United States: 2008
      (P60-236) Issued September 2009




                                        12
                     Exercise 1:
                     CPS Report

           y people
• How many p p were below the official
  federal poverty line in 2008?
  – Go to Subjects A to Z
    Click           ll d    t    l t ‘I       D t ’( l
  – Cli k ‘I’ – scroll down to select ‘Income Data’ (also
    could look under ‘P’ for ‘Poverty’)
                    p g ,
  – Center of the page, under ‘Latest Releases’:
     • Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the
       United States: 2008 (P60-236RV)
     • Table 4, page 21 of report
                p g          p
  – OR, can look at the press release, which usually
    contain basic statistics on the topic

                                                               13
                   Exercise 2:
               CPS Historical Table

                    2009,
• True or false: In 2009 a larger percentage of
  women than men had completed at least a
  high school education? What about in 1989?
  – Go to Subjects A to Z
  – Click E for Education – Educational Attainment
  – Educational Attainment – Scroll down to
    Historical Tables
     • Table A-2. Percent of People 25 Years and Over Who
       Have Completed High School or College, by Race,
       Hispanic Origin and Sex: Selected Years 1940 to 2008


                                                              14
                 Voting Supplement

• Data on reported voting and registration

• Information includes:
  –   Registration
  –   Voting
  –                g
      Method of registration
  –   Reasons for not voting

  Every other November to correspond with
• E      th N        b t             d ith
  presidential and congressional elections

                                             15
  Voting and
Registration in
the Election of
November 2008
     (P20-562)
 Issued May 2010




                   16
       School Enrollment Supplement

• Data on school enrollment for persons 3
  years old and over
• Information includes:
  – Current grade attending (includes nursery school
    and kindergarten)
  – Public or private school
    Full       t ti
  – F ll or part-time
  – Year last attended a regular school
  – Year graduated from high school
• Annually in October


                                                       17
    School
Enrollment in the
 United States:
      2006
      (P20-559)
 Issued August 2008
                     Exercise 3:
              CPS Detailed Table Package
• In 2006, what percentage of women were
  childless?
  –   Go to Subjects A to Z
  –   Click W for Women
  –   Fertility of American Women
  –   2006 June CPS
  –   D t il d Tables
      Detailed T bl
       • Table 1. Women by Number of Children Ever Born by Race,
         Hispanic Origin, Nativity Status, Marital Status, and Age: June
                   R
         2006 (All Races))




                                                                      19
Survey of Income and Program Participation
                  (SIPP)

  Began i 1984
• B      in
• Longitudinal survey that follows respondents
  over time
• SIPP was designed to study
                   y
  – Labor market dynamics
  – Social welfare program participation and dynamics
  – Aspects of family change
• Used to look the impact of welfare reform


                                                        20
Survey of Income and Program Participation
              (SIPP) Design

  National panel survey
• N ti   l     l
  – Duration of each panel from 2½ yrs to 4 yrs
                      11 000    36 700
• Sample size between 11,000 to 36,700
  households
  – Interviews all adult household members
• Multistage-stratified sample of the U.S.
  civilian noninstitutionalized population
  General Web site: www.census.gov/sipp/
• G       l W b it                     / i /


                                                  21
Survey of Income and Program Participation
              (SIPP) Design

  Core
• C
  – Provides longitudinal monthly data for 3-4 year
    p
    periods
  – Detailed information on labor force, income,
    program participation, assets and wealth, health
    insurance
  – Typical reference period of 4 months
    p
• Topical modules
  – More in-depth content
  – Usually cross-sectional

                                                       22
SIPP Supplements - 2008 Panel



                DRAFT




                                23
SIPP Supplements - 2008 Panel




                DRAFT



                                24
               CPS vs. SIPP Example
• Poverty rate is 13% for 2 consecutive years.
  What can CPS and SIPP tell us about this?

    - CPS data show constant rate and cross-sectional
      characteristics about the population in poverty and
                      assistance                historically.
      those receiving assistance. Can compare historically

                                      p p           p
    - SIPP data show that different people make up that 13
      percent each year. The population in poverty received
      aid in short spells, but only a small group was
      receiving assistance for the entire period. Can see
      change in jobs, family, education, etc.



                                                           25
Dynamics
     f
    of
Economic
   Well-
   W ll
  Being:
 P     t
 Poverty,
 1996 to
   1999
    (P70-91)
Issued July 2003




                   26
                       g p
   SIPP Child Well-Being Topical Module
• Topics covered include:
  – Living arrangements
  – Daily interactions with parents
  – Meals together, TV rules, praise, time together,
    outings,
    outings reading
  – Academic experiences (gifted classes, feelings
    about school, ever repeated a grade, private school)
  – Activities (sports, lessons, clubs, religious
    activities)
                             p
  – Parents’ educational expectations
  – Parents’ feelings toward their children
  – Neighborhood characteristics

                                                       27
    Child s
  A Child’s
     Day
  (Selected
 Indicators
      of
 Children’s
Well-Being):
Well Being):
    2003
    (P70-190)
 Issued January
      2007



                  28
                      Exercise 4:
                                  g
                  SIPP Table Package

•   In 2006, what percentage of adolescents (age
    12-17) ate dinner with a parent every day?
    – Go to Subjects A to Z
    – Click C for Children – Children
    – Scroll down to Children’s Well-Being
    – Survey of Income and Program
       Participation, 2004 Panel Wave 8
      • Detailed Tables 2006
         – Table D7. Daily Contact – Mealtimes with Child –
           Characteristics of Children Under 18 and Parents: 2006


                                                                    29
    SIPP Marital History Topical Module

• Adult men and women who were ever married
                                history.
  are asked about their marital history
• Collects:
    • Number of times married
    • Dates of up to 3 marriages, and whether/how
      they ended




                                                    30
   Number,
 Timing, and
 Ti i       d
  Duration of
M i
Marriages and d
Divorces: 2001
      (P70-97)
      (P70 97)
Issued February 2005




                       31
                         Exercise 5:
                         SIPP Report
• What percentage of new mothers participate in
  government assistance programs in 2004?
  – Go to Subjects A to Z
  – Click on W for Women
  – Fertility of American Women Data
  – Scroll down to Survey of Income and Program
    Participation (SIPP) Reports
  – Fertility and Program Participation Data -- SIPP
    2004
      • Report - Participation of Mothers in Government
        Assistance Programs: 2004



                                                          32
         Survey Products – Reports
• Selected reports:
                                        (    )
    – Americans with Disabilities: 2005 (SIPP)
    – Educational Attainment in the United States:
      2007 (ACS & CPS)
      Fertility f A i   W
    – F ili of American Women: 2006 (ACS &
      CPS)
      Income, Poverty,
    – Income Poverty and Health Insurance
      Coverage in the United States: 2009 (CPS)
           g      g
    – Living Arrangements of Children: Fall 2004
      (SIPP)
    – Maternity Leave and Employment Patterns of
      First-Time          1961–2003
      First Time Mothers: 1961 2003 (SIPP)
                                                     33
     Survey Products – Detailed Tables

• Selected detailed table packages:
  – A Child’s Day: 2006 (SIPP)
  – America’s Families and Living Arrangements: 2008
    (CPS)
  – Dynamics of Poverty: 2001-2003 (SIPP)
  – School Enrollment in the United States: 2008 (CPS)
  – What It’s Worth: Field of Training and Economic
    Status in 2004 (SIPP)
  – Voting and Registration in the Election of
                   (
    November 2008 (CPS)  )

                                                         34
         Survey Products – Data Files

• Alternate Web sites for getting data files:
   – National Bureau of Economic Research
     (NBER)
   – Unicon Research
   – Inter-University Consortium for Political
     and Social Research (ICPSR)
   – Integrated Public Use Microdata Series --
     USA (IPUMS)




                                                 35
               For More Information

• Demographic Call Center Staff

  – 301-763-2422 or 1-866-758-1060 (toll free)

• Visit http://ask.census.gov




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