IRONING or smoothing is the work of using a heated tool, or tools, (an iron) to remove wrinkles from fabric. The heating is commonly done to a temperature of 100°Celsius. Ironing may also be used as a germ/parasite killing hygienic operation. IRON The iron is the small appliance used to remove wrinkles from fabric. It is also known as a clothes iron, flat iron, or smoothing iron.The iron has a long history of development. The iron started out as a coal powered appliance. With the introduction of electricity iron began getting more and more advanced, to the point at which cordless irons are now in use. How to Iron Shirts Start the process by ironing the collar. Stretch the back of it across the flat surface of the board. Run the iron over the back of the collar several times until you are sure it is correctly pressed. Turn the shirt over and handle the front of the collar. Move to the sleeves of the garment. You need to be sure to iron the back of the sleeves first, then move to the front of the sleeves. Start by stretching the larger part of the sleeves across the point of the ironing board. Iron all the way around the back of the sleeves, then move it toward the sleeve front until you have ironed the circumference of the sleeve. Stretch the lower back of the sleeve across the large, flat surface of the ironing board. Iron toward the cuffs. Flip the shirt over and do the front, making sure to take careful, short strokes. When you get ready to handle the rest of the shirt, lay it as flat as possible on the ironing board. Work from one side to the other slowly smoothing out the wrinkled spots as you go. Hang the shirt directly after you finish ironing. Be sure to button the top and center buttons. How to Iron Dresses Begin by stretching the skirt portion of the dress across the point of the ironing board. If you are working with pleats, start at the bottom and work toward the top. Work your way around the skirt with strong, fast strokes. If the top of the dress won't stretch across the point of the ironing board, smooth it as flat as possible across the large, flat surface of the board. Start with the back and work your way to the front. On each side, be sure to work from the top down. Hang the dress as soon as possible after you iron it. Try not to wear the garment for a few hours, as it will be more prone to wrinkling again once you've heated the fibers. How to Iron Pants Turn the pants inside out. Begin with the top. Iron the circumference of the waistband. Move toward the pockets. Be sure to iron both sides of the pockets. Iron the fly, then the seams of the pants, then the hems. Follow that order carefully, and use smooth, quick strokes. Turn the pants so the correct side is facing out. hook the waistline of the pants around the arrow shaped edge of the board. Use the iron to press o ut the wrinkles of the top front part of your pants. Put the pants legs parallel to the board, with both of them headed in the same direction. Iron each leg without damaging the current creases. Iron the cuffs, and hang the pants. IRONING BOARD Most ironing is done on an ironing board, a small, portable, foldable table with a heat resistant top. Some commercial- grade ironing boards incorporate a heating element and a pedal-operated vacuum to pull air through the board and dry the garment. An ironing board is generally a large, flat piece of board or metal that is covered with a heat-safe padding on which clothing or linens may be ironed safely.