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									Employment Situation of
    Veterans 2009

      Submitted with the Statement of
                      L
               Philip L. Rones
           Deputy Commissioner
          Bureau of Labor Statistics
                b f     h
                before the
   Subcommittee on Economic Opportunity
 of the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs
               April 15, 2010

               Statement available online at
               http://www.bls.gov/cps/demographics.htm#vets
Where do the data come from?

   The data are collected as part of the Current Population
    Survey (CPS). The CPS is a monthly survey of about
    60,000 households.

   The CPS is a joint program between the Bureau of Labor
    Statistics (BLS) and the Census Bureau.

   It is the source of civilian employment and
    unemployment data, including the national
    unemployment rate.

   Questions are included in the survey that identify
    Q    ti       i l d d i th            th t id tif
    veterans and their period of service (when they served).
Who are veterans?

   Veterans are men and women who served on active
    duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were civilians at
    the time of the survey. Members of the Reserve and
    National Guard are counted as veterans if they have
    ever been called to active duty.

   Nonveterans are men and women who have never
    served on active duty in the U.S. military.
 Periods of Service

     Labor force statistics are available by these periods of
      service:
         Gulf War era II =                         Sept. 2001- present
         Gulf War era I =                          Aug. 1990 - Aug. 2001
         Vietnam era      =                        Aug. 1964 - April 1975
         Korean War       =                                    Jan.
                                                   July 1950 - Jan 1955
         World War II     =                        Dec. 1941- Dec. 1946
         Other service periods                     = All other time periods

 “Other service periods” are the dates between war periods:
     May 1975 - July 1990, Jan. 1947 - June 1950,
     Feb. 1955 - July 1964, Nov. 1941 or earlier
NOTE: The CPS monthly survey does not identify where a veteran served.
Data on veterans are available monthly from the
Current Population Survey (CPS)

   Veterans data are published monthly in the
    Employment Situation news release.

                                                 p
    Additional tables are available from BLS on topics such
    as:
     Age, sex, race, and Hispanic ethnicity
     Occupation and industry

     Full or part-time status
              part time
     Class of worker (private, government, self-employed,
      unpaid family worker)
     Duration of unemployment
Additional data are available from the
veterans supplement

   Collected every 2 years since 1985; conducted
    annually beginning in 2009. (August 2009, July 2010,
    August 2011, August 2012).

   Co-sponsored by the Veterans’ Employment and
    Training Service (VETS) and the Department of
                     ( )
    Veterans Affairs (VA).

   Provides additional information about veterans such
    as presence and rating of service-connected
                                service connected
    disability, Reserve or National Guard status, and
    service in a combat or war zone.
Employment Situation of Veterans
E  l       Si    i    fV




Characteristics of veterans
 Chart 1. Of the 22 million veterans, the largest
               WWII,           War,
 group is from WWII Korean War and Vietnam era

                                                              Gulf War-era II
                                                              veterans (8.7%)

                                                                            Gulf War-era I
                                                                                     (13.1%)
                                                                            veterans (13 1%)

                      Other service
                      periods (26.8%)



                         WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam-era
                         veterans (51.3%)




NOTE: Gulf War-era II veterans served anywhere on active duty since September 2001. Gulf War-era I veterans
served anywhere between August 1990 and August 2001.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
 Chart 2. Most veterans are men


Percent of total
                               Women
100
                               Men
                   8                         3
 90                                                                   18

 80

 70                                                                                       56

 60

 50                                         97
                   92
 40                                                                   82

 30

 20                                                                                       44

 10

   0
              Veterans             WWII, Korean War,           Gulf War-era II        Nonveterans
                                    and Vietnam era               veterans
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
                ,
Chart 3. Overall, veterans are older than nonveterans

Percent of total

 40                                                                                        39

 35                                               Veterans     Nonveterans

 30

                                                                                 25
 25

                                                                     20
 20                             19                 19
                                                               17

 15           14                                                                      14        14
                                             11
 10
                           7

 5
         1
 0

          18-24             25-34             35-44             45-54             55-64     65+
                                                        Age
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
 Chart 4. Most Gulf War-era II veterans are under
 35 years old

Percent of total

55

50                         49                     Gulf War-era II veterans
45                                                Nonveterans
40

35

30

25

                                19                 19                20
20
         16                                  16
              14                                               15                     14       14
15

10
                                                                                  4
 5
                                                                                           0
 0

          18-24             25-34             35-44             45-54             55-64    65+
                                                        Age
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
 Chart 5. Among men, veterans age 18-24 are
                    y
 somewhat more likely than nonveterans to be
 employed
Employed as a percent of population

 90                                          85.0 83.6                 Male veterans           Male nonveterans
                                  80.6                                80.8
                           78.5                                77.0
 80

 70                                                                                     67.6
         62.0
                                                                                 59.9
 60             55.9

 50

 40

 30
                                                                                                           23 0
                                                                                                           23.0
 20                                                                                                 17.9


 10

  0
           18-24             25-34             35-44             45-54                55-64           65+
                                                       Age
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
 Chart 6. Women of similar ages are employed at
 about the same rates

Employed as a percent of population

                                                                  Female veterans         Female nonveterans
 80
                                             75.2              74.3
                                                    70.4              71.4
                                  68.6
 70                        66.5

 60      55.8 55.4                                                                      56.4
                                                                                 53.9

 50


 40


 30


 20
                                                                                                        12.8
                                                                                                  9.5
 10


  0
           18-24             25-34             35-44             45-54                55-64        65+
                                                       Age
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
 Chart 7. WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam-era
                               p y           ,
 veterans tend to have lower employment rates,
 largely reflecting their age
Employed as a percent of population

90
                                                         81.0
80                                 75.0

70

60                                                                                            55.1
             50.1
50

40                                                                             35.4

30

20

10

  0
        Veterans, all        Gulf War era II       Gulf War era I       WWII, Korean      Other service
       service periods                                                 War, and Vietnam      periods
                                                                              era

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
            p y                     y
 Chart 8. Employment varies little by combat status

Employed as a percent of population

         Combat veterans         Noncombat veterans
 90
                                                             83.2
                                                      80.1
 80                             75.0   75.0

 70

 60                                                                                                 55.2
                 51.4                                                                        51.4
 50       43.9
 40                                                                                  36.1
                                                                              29.1
 30

 20

 10

  0
        Veterans, all       Gulf War era II        Gulf War era I       WWII, Korean        Other service
       service periods                                                 War, and Vietnam        periods
                                                                              era
NOTE: Combat or war zone status was not reported for about 1 in 6 veterans.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
 Chart 9. Male veterans and female veterans have
 similar unemployment rates by period of service

Unemployment rate

  12          Men      Women                                   11.5

                                                                                       10.3
                                                     9.9
  10

                 8.1        8.0                                                                    7.8
   8


   6


   4


   2


   0
                   Veterans                   Gulf War-era II veterans                  Nonveterans
NOTE: The unemployment rates of male and female Gulf War-era II veterans are similar. The unemployment rate for
female Gulf War-era II veterans is based on a relatively small sample. Small samples have large standard errors.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, annual averages 2009
  Chart 10. Among veterans who served sometime
  since August 1990, there is little difference in the
  unemployment rates of those with or without a
  service-connected disability
  Unemployment rate

  12                                                          11.4
               10.4
  10                                                                                                 9.7
                                       9.1
                                       91                                             9.1
                                                                                      91

   8


   6


   4


   2


   0
                  ,
          Disabled, total        Less than 30                   p
                                                       30 to 50 percent            p
                                                                                60 percent or    Not disabled
                                percent disabled           disabled            higher disabled
                                           Service-connected disability status
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, August 2009 veterans supplement
  Chart 11. Among veterans who served sometime
  since August 1990, those with a service-connected
  disability are less likely to be employed than those
  without a service-connected disability
  Employed as a percent of population

  90
                                                                                                     81.9
  80                                   77.3                   75.7
               70.7
  70

  60                                                                                 55.8

  50

  40

  30

  20

  10

   0
                  ,
          Disabled, total        Less than 30                   p
                                                       30 to 50 percent            p
                                                                                60 percent or    Not disabled
                                percent disabled           disabled            higher disabled
                                           Service-connected disability status
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, August 2009 veterans supplement
 Chart 12. 1 of 5 employed disabled veterans
 works for the Federal government

Percent of employed
100
                  8.1                          9.8                          6.6            Other workers
                                                                           12.4            State and local
                 12.2
                                              13.8                                         government workers
 80
                  2.1                          7.6                         19.9            Federal government
                                                                                           workers
 60
                                                                                           Private
                                                                                                     l   l
                                                                                           nonagricultural wage
 40                                                                                        and salary workers
                 77.5
                                              68.9
                                                                           61.1

 20



  0
             Nonveterans             Nondisabled veterans           Disabled veterans
NOTE: “Other workers” includes persons employed in agriculture, the unincorporated self-employed, and unpaid family
workers. Totals may not add to 100 percent because of rounding.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, August 2009 veterans supplement
Chart 13. Current or past members of the Reserve or
National Guard have higher employment rates and
lower unemployment rates than veterans who never
were members of the Reserve or National Guard
        Gulf War-era II veterans,                                  Gulf War-era II veterans,
              August 2009                                                August 2009

Employed as a percent of population                       Unemployment rate
100
                                                         16
                                                                                        13.8
                                                                                        13 8
             77.2              73.2                      14
 80
                                                         12           10.6
 60                                                      10
                                                          8
 40
                                                          6
 20                                                       4
                                                          2
  0                                                       0
        Current or past   Never a member                        Current or past   Never a member
        member of the     of the Reserve or                     member of the     of the Reserve or
          Reserve or       National Guard                         Reserve or       National Guard
        National Guard                                          National Guard




SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, August 2009 veterans supplement
Further information is available at:


http://www.bls.gov/cps/demographics.htm#vets
http://www bls gov/cps/demographics htm#vets

         or by calling (202) 691-6378

								
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