With our roots in the landscape and a stated purpose to
“Enrich Outdoor Spaces,” Landscape Forms has a special
relationship to the natural environment. We have always been
mindful that as we design and manufacture products that
are acted upon by the environment, we act upon it in turn.
Environmental sustainability is completely consistent with our
purpose, our goals, our values and our principles. We make
stewardship of the environment a vital part of our business.
Landscape Forms Environmental Statement 2
Landscape Forms Sustainability Principles:
N We will pursue continuous improvement in all our operations: Lean is Green
N We will find healthy ways to grow
N We will conserve resources
N We will consider the complete life cycle (cradle to cradle) of the products we produce
N We will identify and address adverse consequences of our operations
N We will respect the needs of future generations
Our sustainability principles are expressed in our products, processes, programs
Landscape Forms employs recycled materials and wood from sustainable managed forests (including wood
with FSC Chain of Custody Certification upon request) in our products, and produces many products that
are themselves recyclable. We actively seek ways to limit the environmental impacts of our manufacturing,
packaging, shipping and administrative processes. We implement energy efficient building solutions and
specify sustainable products in our facility. In all of these efforts we address our customers’ expectation for
high-design, high-quality products that also help them meet their sustainable goals.
Products Landscape Forms products are designed and engineered to live long, useful lives in outdoor spaces
without the use of chemical cleaners to maintain the finish. We test our seating products to BIFMA durability
standards. Products are designed to allow replacement of damaged parts. The durability, longevity and low
maintenance of our products contribute to responsible stewardship of the earth’s resources.
The primary materials used in the manufacture of Landscape Forms products are steel, aluminum and
wood. These materials are chosen for their durability and their ability to withstand the rigors of outdoor
environments and active public use.
Steel and Aluminum
Metal is an extremely durable material. It is also the world’s most recycled material and is fully recyclable.
Landscape Forms manufactures steel benches, chairs, tables, structural systems, bollards, litter recep-
tacles, ash urns and other accessories. The average recycled content of steel used in Landscape Forms
products is 97%.
Aluminum is used to make Landscape Forms benches, chairs, transit shelters, pedestrian lighting, bollards,
display elements, shade structures, litter receptacles and other accessories. Aluminum is easily extruded
or cast into a variety of shapes and is extremely durable in outdoor environments. The average recycled
content of aluminum used in our products is 70%.
For more information about steel recycling or to locate a steel recycling location in your area, visit
3 Landscape Forms Environmental Statement
Landscape Forms manufactures and markets wood benches, tables, chairs, and shade structures. We
employ sturdy hardwoods for exterior use that are dimensionally stable, resistant to insects and rot, are
difficult to carve into and do not require a protective finish. These include ipe, jarrah, teak, maple, oak, and
redwood. All Landscape Forms wood products utilize wood harvested from sustainable managed forests.
As part of our commitment to sustainable forestry, Landscape Forms shall not use illegally harvested wood,
wood from genetically modified (GM) trees, or wood harvested from forest areas where traditional or civil
rights are violated.
Landscape Forms has held FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) Chain of Custody certification since 2004
and offers FSC Certified wood as an option on most wood products. Wood products certified by
SmartWood are recognized as coming from well-managed forests that adhere to strict environmental
principles and criteria established by the FSC.
Jarrah used in Landscape Forms products is harvested from western Australia’s forests, which are
managed by the Western Australian government agency, the Forest Products Commission (FPC), in
compliance with internationally accepted principles of sustainable development. The FPC gained ISO 14001
certification in July 2001. All Western Australian jarrah is now from re-growth forests: harvesting of old
growth forests is no longer allowed.
See our Wood Technical Brief for more details.
Landscape Forms manufactures benches made with PolySite recycled plastic timbers. Polysite is
formed of HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) containing 90% recycled content. PolySite is fully recyclable.
See our PolySite Technical Sheet for more details.
We manufacture seating and shade structures containing polycarbonate, a high-performance
engineered plastic that is extremely durable and is fully recyclable. See our Polycarbonate Technical Sheet
for more details.
Landscape Forms manufactures and markets seating, planters, bollard sleeves and litter receptacle parts
made of LMDPE (Low Medium Density Polyethylene). Our polyethylene products are flame, stain and scuff
resistant and protected with UV inhibitors and stabilizers. LMDPE with recycled content does not provide
the structural integrity required to produce durable site furnishings and therefore is not employed. However,
our LMDPE parts are fully recyclable. See our Polyethylene Technical Sheet for more details.
Marneaux®, a 100% acrylic resin polymer used for Landscape Forms tabletops resists scratching, staining,
chipping and cracking. While other tabletop materials may fade or chip, Marneux® can sustain abuse and
retain its “like new” appearance with minimal maintenance. Weather, harsh chemicals, and UV rays have
virtually no effect on the “through body” color or structural integrity. Most scratches can be buffed out and
graffiti rubs off easily. Small chips may be sanded smooth. Marneux® has recycled content of 75%. See our
Solid Surface Technical Sheet for more details.
Landscape Forms Environmental Statement 4
LED Lighting Landscape Forms is collaborating with award-winning lighting consultants to develop innovative
solutions for new lighting products that use LED’s as the light source. Our commitment to LED
technology is consistent with our goal to address the needs of our customers while becoming a more
environmentally sustainable company. We currently offer LED lighting in transit shelters, pedestrian
& pathway lighting and bollards for pathway demarcation and wayfinding.
LED’s are extremely energy efficient. Today’s high-performance LED’s produce @ 90 lumens per watt (90
lm/W) in comparison to @15 lm/W for conventional 60-100 watt incandescent bulbs. LED’s have a lifespan
of 100,000+ hours. LED’s dim over time, they do not abruptly burn out, allowing scheduled rather than
emergency replacement. (As LED’s do not have catastrophic failures, their lifespan is defined as 70% of
original output.) These facts, combined with LED’s long life translate into reduced maintenance costs.
LED’s provide focused light with no waste or “spill.” Due to the directional nature of LED light, it is easier to
put light where it is needed and avoid light pollution and trespass.
Landscape Forms, with the expertise of our sustainable-lighting consultant, is pioneering the use of white
LED’s for outdoor applications. While other manufacturers use cool blue-white LED’s (6000°K+), we have
developed LED arrays that provide light in the 3700-4300° Kelvin range, a warm white light that mimics
nature and provides illumination similar to moonlight, supporting the natural melatonin/serotonin cycle that
is essential for human health.
We offer LED lighting in wired and solar options. Solar-powered Smart Technology bollards, Connect
and Kaleidoscope transit shelters, which use renewable energy and save on wiring installation costs,
are an ideal solution for areas remote from wiring infrastructure and locations where security or emergency
preparedness mandate uninterrupted lighting in case of grid failure.
Lean is Green
Landscape Forms follows Kaizen principles of continuous improvement. The core Kaizen proposition
is doing more with less. Targeted activities are focused on eliminating waste of space, time, skills, and
materials. There is inherent environmental benefit in this approach to business operations; a continuous
improvement process and culture seek similar outcomes to those sought under ISO 14001. When
coupled with attention to the environmental impacts of specific solutions (for example, changes in
the chemical composition of substances used in production), it is a useful tool for waste reduction
and pollution prevention.
Kaizen events over a four-year period reduced the space utilized for manufacturing processes by 20,000
square feet, allowing new products and production processes to be added within the existing building
footprint, in lieu of a planned facility expansion. That expansion would have resulted in 10,000 additional
square feet, requiring the equivalent of 710 Mcf natural gas and 54,000 kilowatts annually for heating and
all steel, aluminum, wood scrap and sawdust
generated in our manufacturing processes are recycled.
99% of the water used in our manufacturing process is recycled.
5 Landscape Forms Environmental Statement
We give preference to local/regional material suppliers and vendor services to reduce environmental
impacts resulting from transportation. The majority of our steel and extruded aluminum comes from mills
and plants within 150 miles of our facility.
Landscape Forms is in full compliance with current environmental laws and retains a consultant to assure
that we remain in compliance. As a result of reengineering our processes, our impact on air and water is so
minimal that the DEQ no longer requires air or water permitting.
Paints and Finishes
Landscape Forms metal products are undercoated with Primegard® rust proofing, which provides a
high level of resistance to environmental degradation. Products are finished with Pangard II® polyester
powdercoat, which is lead-free, hazardous air pollutants-(HAPS) free), does not generate hazardous waste,
and contains less than 1% Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Once processed these trace VOCs are
fully inert and therefore cause no emission into the environment.
Landscape Forms wood furniture for outdoor use is manufactured from wood species that weather
naturally in outdoor settings. We do not apply paints or finishes to these products and do not recommend
the use of finishes on species suitable for natural weathering. Our wood furniture for indoor use is finished
with LF 80, a clear, catalyzed low-VOC acrylic finish.
Packaging and Shipping
We have eliminated polystyrene in our packaging. Products are sleeved in plastic to protect the
finish from rubbing against cardboard, which can become quite abrasive during transport. Products
are placed on recycled skids and surrounded by triple wall cardboard for further protection. All
cardboard meets the industry standard of 30% - 40% recycled content and is recyclable. The
website address used to locate recycling centers is printed on all outer packaging.
We are currently testing biodegradable materials to
replace plastic covering on products.
We ship our products on recycled skids.
In 2006 we reengineered our shipping process to consolidate loads and coordinate deliveries so that
freight loads are maximized, allowing fewer large trucks to make several stops and reducing the amount
of under-utilized truck capacity and the number of trucks on the road.
In 2007 Landscape Forms began the transition to paperless processes at our administrative and
manufacturing facility. 57% of the transition is completed, reducing the amount of paper used in the
main office by 265,000 sheets per year. This results in the following annual savings: (ref: Environmental
Defense Fund Calculator http://www.edf.org/papercalculator/):
tons of trees: 4.56
btu’s of energy: 50.16 million
pounds of green house gases: 7,433
gallons of waste water: 24,870
pounds of solid waste: 2974
Landscape Forms Environmental Statement 6
The remaining 43% of the paperless process, focused on manufacturing, is ongoing and will be completed
in 2009, further reducing the amount of paper used by 193,000 sheets per year. This will result in additional
annual savings of:
tons of trees: 3.44
btu’s of energy: 37.84 million
pounds of green house gases: 5,608
gallons of waste water: 18,761
pounds of solid waste: 2,243
In 2007 Landscape Forms “virtualized” company servers, using software to allocate memory as needed
and reducing the number of servers from 10 to 2. The energy saved in power and cooling hard drives
reduced our carbon emissions by 33 tons, which is equivalent to taking 6 cars off the road per year.
Other N We recycle materials such as: cardboard packaging, office paper, beverage cans/bottles, printer
cartridges and purchase recycled paper office products.
Programs N Brochures and collateral marketing materials are printed on paper with recycled and FSC certified
N Bottled water was removed from on-site vending machines in 2008. Employees are provided with
refillable water bottles, filtered tap water and ice.
N In 2009, we planted 100 indigenous blueberry bushes on site as a natural vehicle barrier and productive
landscape. Future employee events will include pruning and harvesting blueberries.
N Carbon Neutral Auto Lease - In January 2009, Landscape Forms instituted a program to reduce the
environmental impact of its leased vehicles through payment of carbon offsets. Vehicles used by the
company’s direct sales representatives are leased through EMKAY, the first fleet management company
to be carbon negative. As a participant in the EMKAY goGreen fleet program, Landscape Forms offsets
every ton of CO2 produced by its leased vehicles by paying for an equivalent one ton of CO2 to be saved
through designated projects. Payments are calculated as a percentage of monthly mileage. Landscape
Forms directs its offsets to Carbonfund.org, a non-profit that funds high-quality carbon offset initiatives
and The Conservation Fund, which uses offsets to fund land and water conservation projects.
Facilities Since 2003, our facility expansions have been planned with sustainable solutions as a strategic goal. The
50,000 sq ft office expansion in 2003 implemented sustainable practices including reducing site disturbance
and heat islands; leveraging site orientation to maximize energy conservation; and installing sliding glass
doors to allow natural cooling during temperate seasons and ready access to outdoor break areas in our
wooded courtyards. We utilized environmentally responsible products and materials, including Eco-Systems
flooring fabricated from post consumer tire rubber; Interface’s Solenium flooring, developed to reduce VOC
7 Landscape Forms Environmental Statement
emissions; Herman Miller Aeron chairs, which contain 60% recycled content materials, and are 94% recyclable
and MBDC Cradle-to-Cradle™ certified. Haworth Crossing mobile furniture system was specified to allow
for future workspace rearrangement with no construction waste.
Our 2009 renovation encompassed office, restrooms and lunch room and although not large enough to
qualify for LEED certification, design planning and construction implementation were based on the following
LEED credit intents and requirements: Optimizing Energy performance, Enhanced HVAC Management,
Building Reuse, Construction Waste Management, Recycled Content, Rapidly Renewable Materials,
Certified Wood and Low Emitting Materials.
Landscape Forms has replaced metal halide lighting in our manufacturing facilities with energy-saving
T5 and T8 bulbs and ballasts. This conversion has reduced lighting energy usage by 30%.
Landscape Forms has held Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification since 2004 (SW-COC-001261). Certification
We offer Chain of Custody certification for furniture made from maple, oak, redwood and ipe. In compliance
with FSC regulations, all Landscape Forms furniture made from these species meet FSC Controlled Wood
Policy standards, whether or not the wood is chain-of-custody certified.
Since 2002, Landscape Forms has been a member of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), the
nation’s foremost coalition of leaders from across the building industry working to promote buildings
that are environmentally responsible, profitable and healthy places to live and work.
Landscape Forms products may contribute to the following points under LEED 2009 Rating System.
For specifics regarding rules for the inclusion of furniture, please consult the rating system and reference
guide that applies to your project.
SSc4.2 Alternative Transportation: Bicycle Storage (Bike racks)
MR Prereq. 1 Storage and Collection of Recyclables (Recycling receptacles)
MRc4 Recycled Content (Steel and aluminum benches, chairs, tables, bollards, umbrellas, planters,
structural canopies; polyethylene benches, picnic tables, receptacles; acrylic tabletops.) Click here for
a PDF of Recycled Content by Product.
MRc5 Regional Materials – (Most products are assembled in Kalamazoo, Michigan, zip code 49048, and
the majority of our steel and extruded aluminum comes from mills and plants within 150 miles of our facility.
When a specific product and option has been selected, contact your Landscape Forms representative to
initiate calculation to meet this credit criterion.)
MRc7 Certified Wood. (FSC Chain of Custody certified wood is an option for most of our wood products.)
EAc1 Optimize Energy Performance (LED lighting in bollards and structural canopies)
EQ Prereq. 2 Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control (Ash urns, seating, tables and umbrellas in
designated outdoor smoking areas.)
Making sustainable product choices requires careful assessment
of their source. Specific product attributes matter, but so do the
way a company conducts its manufacturing, operates its facility,
selects materials, chooses vendors and partners, and treats its
employees. Sustainability is a long-term proposition. It requires
commitment, infrastructure, investment and employee partici-
pation. Landscape Forms is taking the long view in the operation
of our total business to achieve our sustainability goals. We
provide products today that contribute to sustainable sites.
And we continue to pursue new ways to minimize our footprint
and provide more sustainable solutions going forward.
800.521.2546 269.381.3455 fax 431 Lawndale Ave., Kalamazoo, MI 49048