SLIPS TRIPS AND FALLS Losing your Balance Traction or Grip Types of Falls Elevated falls Less frequent but more severe Same leve by hfl65227


									      SLIPS, TRIPS, AND
(Losing your Balance, Traction or Grip)

Types of Falls:   Elevated falls-
                  Less frequent but more severe

                  Same level falls-
                  More frequent but usually less
              Slip and Fall
• Caused by slippery surface
• Compounded by wrong footwear
• Front foot slips forward and person falls
• Rear foot slips back and person falls

         Loss of traction and balance
             Trip and Fall
• Front foot strikes an object and stops
• Upper body is thrown forward and fall
• Slight rise in a walkway can cause a
  person to stub his toe

           Loosing your balance
             Step and Fall
• Front foot lands on surface lower than
• Usually falls forward
• Foot lands on inside or outside of foot
  causing ankle to turn
• Usually falls forward and to the side
        Contributing Factors
• Proper housekeeping
• Adequate lighting
• Carrying oversized objects that obstruct
• Wrong footwear
• Walking too fast-running
• Not using handrails
• Not watching where one is going
         Falls From Ladders
• Ladders long enough that waist is no
  higher than the top rungs or upper support
• Do not use top three rungs of straight
  ladder or top two steps of a step-ladder
• Lower end of rails have slip-resistant pads
• Belt buckle never extends beyond side
• Tying off ladder prevents sliding to side
• Ladder set at 4:1 ratio
Falls From Vehicles and Equipment
• Keep steps clean and as dry as possible
• Have good handholds
• Always face the vehicle
• Use “Three-Point Contact”
• Step down backwards, never jump down
• No riders in bed of truck or on running
  boards-Must have seatbelts!
      Falls From Loading Docks
•   Often wet surfaces
•   Stepping backwards off dock
•   Railing replaced after truck unloaded
•   Housekeeping and traffic patterns
•   Skid-resistant surfaces reduce risk
             Falls on Stairs
•   Well-lighted
•   Sturdy handrails on both sides
•   Person using should have one hand free
•   Steps should have same rise and depth
•   Visible edges
•   Kept free of obstacles
•   Carry smaller, lighter loads
              Fixed Ladders
•   Securely attached to structure
•   Supporting a minimum of 250 pounds
•   Rungs min. 16”wide and max.12” apart
•   7” of toe space from rung to structure
•   More than 20’ above ground-caged
•   Workers should have both hands free
    while climbing
        Fall Protective Devices
•   Protective cage
•   Lifeline
•   Lanyard
•   Harness
•   Handrails
•   Toe boards
         Signs and Stripping
• Safety signs where hazards exist
• Yellow stripping to identify walking and
  working areas
• No objects placed in stripped area
• Dropped or spilled materials removed
        Learning How to Fall
• Tuck your chin in, Turn your head, and
  throw an arm up. It’s better to land on your
  arm than on your head
• While falling, twist or roll your body to the
  side. It’s better to land on your buttocks
  and side
• Keep wrists, elbows and knees bent. Don’t
  try to break your fall with hands or elbows
• Regular inspections of work and walking
• Proper footwear
• No riders unless a safe seat or workstation
  is provided
• All slips, trips and falls should be reported
  immediately and corrective action taken.
              Safe Start
These four states…..
Rushing, Frustration, Fatigue and
Can cause or contribute to these critical
Eyes not on Task, Mind not on Task,
Line-of-Fire, Balance/Traction/Grip
Which increase the risk of injury.
               Safe Start
    Critical Error Reduction Techniques….
•   Self-trigger on the state or the amount
    of hazardous energy
•   Analyze close calls and small errors
•   Look at others for the patterns that
    increase the risk of injury
•   Work on habits

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