NCAA Division III Playing and Practice Seasons Shana Levine Associate Director of Membership Services Presentation Overview This session will include: Athletically related activities. Length of playing and practice seasons. First contest or date of competition. Maximum contest limitations. Out-of-season activities. The counting formula for preseason practice. Football regulations. Case studies. Principle Governing Regulations Playing and practice seasons are regulated to minimize interference with opportunities for acquiring a quality education. Vocabulary Traditional segment - ends with the championship. Nontraditional segment - does not end with the championship. Exempt contest - does not count towards maximum contest limitations. Exhibition contest - does not count towards a team’s won-loss record. Athletically Related Activities NCAA Bylaw 17.02.1.1 Athletically Related Activities (a) Practice, which is defined as any meeting, activity or instruction involving sports-related information and having an athletics purpose….. including: Field, floor or on-court activity; Setting up offensive or defensive alignment; Chalk talk; Lecture on or discussion of strategy related to the sport; Activities using equipment related to the sport; Discussions or review of game films, etc; or Any other athletically related activity. Bylaw 17.02.1.1 Athletically Related Activities (j) Involvement of an institution's strength and conditioning staff with enrolled student-athletes in required conditioning programs; and (k) Observation by an institution's coaching staff member of enrolled student-athletes in nonorganized sport-specific activities (e.g., "pick-up games"). Bylaw 17.02.1.1.1 Athletically Related Activities - Exceptions The following activities shall not be considered athletically related: Administrative and academic activities that are nonathletics in nature (e.g., academic meetings and compliance meetings) Fund-raising and community service activities not involving the use of athletics ability by student- athletes to obtain funds; Bylaw 17.02.1.1.1 Athletically Related Activities - Exceptions The following activities shall not be considered athletically related: Observation of enrolled student-athletes in organized competition (e.g., summer league), provided institutional athletics personnel do not direct or supervise the organized activity; and Voluntary individual workouts monitored for safety purposes by strength and conditioning personnel. Bylaw 17.02.13 Voluntary Athletically Related Activities In order for any athletically related activity to be considered "voluntary," all of the following conditions must be met: The student-athlete must not be required to report back to a coach or other athletics department staff member; In addition, no athletics department staff member who observes the activity may report back to the student-athlete's coach any information related to the activity. The activity must be initiated solely by the student-athlete; Bylaw 17.02.13 Voluntary Athletically Related Activities In order for any athletically related activity to be considered "voluntary," all of the following conditions must be met: The student-athlete's attendance and participation in the activity (or lack thereof) may not be recorded for the purposes of reporting; and The student-athlete may not be subjected to penalty if he or she does not participate in the activity… nor incentives offered. Length of Playing and Practice Seasons Playing Season Period of time from an institution’s first practice and the institution’s last practice or date of competition, whichever is later. The only time when an institution is permitted to conduct athletically related activities. General Regulations Bylaw 17.1.4 – Sports Subject to Segment Limitations. Division III institutions are subject to all Division III playing and practice seasons legislation, regardless of the championship opportunities (e.g., National Collegiate Championships, national governing body) available in those sports. General Regulations Mandatory Medical Examination Effective August 1, 2007. Prior to athletics participation of any kind, student-athletes shall receive a medical examination or evaluation administered or supervised by a physician (e.g., family physician, team physician). The examination or evaluation must be administered within six months prior to athletics participation. General Regulations Mandatory Medical Examination In following years, an updated history of the student-athlete's medical condition shall be administered by an institutional medical staff member. The updated history must be administered within six months prior to the student- athlete's athletics participation. General Regulations Mandatory Medical Examination Required for male practice players as well. Individuals that may conduct the exam: MD or DO credential should supervise or conduct the medical exam. Transfer student-athletes: No prior participation - the transfer student-athlete will need to undergo a medical exam. Prior participation - the transfer student-athlete will need to undergo a medical history and the certifying institution will need to verify that the transfer student-athlete received the requisite medical exam and medical history updates for previous academic years. General Regulations One day off per week required. Exception: prior to first day of classes, between terms and during participation in NCAA championships. No daily or weekly hour limitations. No missed class time for practice activities. Exception: team is traveling to an away-from-home contest and the practice is in conjunction with the contest. Length of Playing Season Bylaw 17.1.8 – Computing Seasons All practice and competition in the traditional and nontraditional segments combined may not exceed 18 weeks for fall sports and 19 weeks for winter and spring sports. Indoor and outdoor track combined: 24 weeks. Length of Playing Season Bylaw 17.1.8 – Computing Seasons Practice or competition during any part of a week is counted as a full week, including vacation periods. Weeks must be consecutive, except any full week that includes a vacation, final-examination period or holiday period in which no practice or competition occurs. Pop Quiz – Question What if the vacation period is only two days? Can the team take a full week off and exclude it from the 18- or 19-week season? Pop Quiz – Answer Yes. The vacation, final examination or holiday period must simply be a portion of a seven- consecutive day period. Length of Playing Season Bylaw 17.1.7 – General regulations for computing playing seasons: Neither practice nor competition in any NCAA championship is considered part of the institution’s declared playing season. Institutions under consideration for NCAA championship selection may continue practicing beyond their last regular- season contests until selections are made. An institution not selected for the NCAA championship may continue to practice or compete until the end of the championship only if it has time remaining in its season. Pop Quiz – Question Does the conference championship have to count in the 18- or 19-week playing season? Do season-ending tournaments have to count in the 18- or 19-week playing season? Pop Quiz – Answer Yes. It depends. Length of Playing Season Case Study Basketball: Last date of conference tournament: March 3. NCAA tournament starts March 6-8. First permissible date for practice: October 15. Is this permissible? Length of Playing Season Case Study October 2007 November 2007 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 28 29 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 30 Length of Playing Season Case Study December 2007 January 2008 1 1 2 3 4 5 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 23/ 24/ 30 31 25 26 27 28 29 27 28 29 30 31 Length of Playing Season Case Study February 2008 March 2008 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 2007-08 Men’s Basketball Season No, if the conference tournament is the weekend prior to NCAA tournament. In 2007-08 there are 20 weeks between the permissible start of practice and conference tournaments Solution: Institutions may either take a week off or start practice a week later in October. Length of Playing Season Bylaw 126.96.36.199 – Combining segments: Sports with different contest limitations in the two segments can conduct a single 18-week (fall sports) or 19-week (spring sports) segment, but are limited to the contest or date of competition limit for the traditional segment. Length of Playing Season Dividing segments: Nontraditional segment in the fall (e.g., baseball, softball): Segment may begin September 7 or first day of class, which ever is earlier. Segment must end by October 30. Nontraditional segment in the spring (e.g., women’s volleyball, soccer): Segment may not begin until February 1. Segment must conclude by first day of final exams. Length of Playing Season Segment length. Sports of baseball, field hockey, lacrosse, soccer, softball and women’s volleyball: Nontraditional segment limited to a maximum of five weeks. Nontraditional Segment Limitations Baseball, field hockey, lacrosse, soccer, softball and women’s volleyball: Nontraditional segment = 16 days, including one date of competition, within a maximum of five weeks. No more than four days in any one week. No class time may be missed for practice or competition. Nontraditional Segment Limitations Nontraditional date of competition regulations. A maximum of eight hours of athletically related activity may occur on the one date of competition. Nontraditional Segment Limitations Nontraditional date of competition regulations. Sport-specific limits (eight-hour limit trumps). Baseball -- two regulation baseball games or 18 innings. Field hockey -- two regulation field hockey contests or 140 minutes of competition activity. Lacrosse -- two regulation lacrosse contests or 120 minutes of competition activity. Soccer -- two regulation soccer contests or 180 minutes of competition activity. Softball -- three regulation softball games or 21 innings. Volleyball -- 15 regulation volleyball games. Nontraditional Segment Limitations Nontraditional date of competition regulations. Any athletically related activities count against the eight-hour limit. Including on-field practice and competition activities, film review, chalk talk, conditioning activities and required weightlifting, etc. The eight-hour limit and the competition-specific limit is an institutional limit in that sport. Eight hours of athletically related activities do not need to be consecutive. Nontraditional Segment Limitations Baseball, field hockey, lacrosse, soccer, softball and women’s volleyball: No contest exemptions may be applied in the nontraditional segment, except for the alumni contest exemption. (Effective 8/1/05) Nontraditional Segment Limitation Examples Traditional weeks 19 18 17 16 15 14 Nontraditional 0 1 2 3 4 5 weeks Nontraditional dates of competition 0 1 1 1 1 1 (counts as practice day) Nontraditional practice days 0 4 8 12 16 16 (including one date of competition) Nontraditional Segment Limitation Example Women’s volleyball. First permissible date for practice: February 1. Sixteen practice days within a maximum of five weeks. One date of competition (within 16 days). Used 13 weeks and three days in the traditional segment. Pop Quiz – Question How many weeks can be used for the spring nontraditional segment in this case? Pop Quiz – Answer Four weeks in nontraditional. First Contest or Date of Competition First Contest or Date of Competition Cross country, field hockey, soccer and women’s volleyball. September 1 or the preceding Friday if September 1 falls on a Saturday, Sunday or Monday. An unlimited number of exhibition scrimmages may be conducted on one date during the preseason practice period, which shall count as one contest or date of competition in the institution’s maximum limitation. First Contest or Date of Competition Football The Friday or Saturday 11 weeks before the first round of the NCAA Division III Football Championship. Labor Day weekend exception: an institution may play its first football contest on the Thursday prior to Labor Day in years when the first permissible contest date falls during the Labor Day weekend. August 30, 2007. First Contest or Date of Competition Basketball Friday immediately before Thanksgiving. A maximum of two informal practice scrimmages with outside competition may be exempted. Conducted without publicity or official scoring. May be conducted between the first permissible date for on-court preseason practice and the conclusion of the basketball season. Pop Quiz – Question True or False: An exhibition contest played against an NCAA Division I or II opponent does not have to count against the 25 contest limit in basketball. Pop Quiz - Answer True. Bylaw 188.8.131.52, effective August 1, 2007, permits one of the following to be exempted: Two informal practice scrimmages with outside competition; or One informal practice scrimmage with outside competition and one exhibition contest against a Division I or II institution conducted on or after October 31 and before the first permissible contest date. First Contest or Date of Competition Golf and Tennis Fall traditional segment: September 1 or the preceding Friday if September 1 falls on a Saturday, Sunday or Monday. Spring traditional segment: September 7 or the first day of classes, whichever is earlier. Maximum Contest Limitations Maximum Contest Limitations Each sport maximum stated in sport section of Bylaw 17. Limits apply to teams and individuals. Limits expressed as contests or dates of competition. Contest versus Date of Competition Contest Date of Competition Baseball; Archery, badminton, Basketball; bowling, cross country, Field hockey; fencing, golf, gymnastics, lacrosse, rifle, rowing, Football; skiing, squash, Ice hockey; swimming, synchronized Soccer; and swimming, team Softball. handball, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo and wrestling. Countable Contests Institutional. Any contest against outside team, unless exempted. Student-athlete. Any contest where the student-athlete competes on varsity, subvarsity or freshman team, unless exempted. Countable Date of Competition Institutional. A single date on which the team engages in competition against an outside team, unless exempted. For individual sports, must have minimum number of participants per Bylaw 184.108.40.206. Golf and tennis use a team date if one or more student- athletes participate on behalf of the institution. Countable Date of Competition Student-Athlete. Any date on which a student-athlete competes while representing institution individually or as a member of varsity, subvarsity or freshman team, unless exempted. Count as a Single Date of Competition Badminton, squash and team handball – three tournaments. Bowling – 10 tournaments. Tennis – four singles and/or doubles tournaments. Track and field – four multi-day meets, first two days. Wrestling – two two-day meets. Contest Exemptions Annual exemptions do not count towards the maximum number of permissible contests. Exempted contests must occur on or after first permissible contest date unless noted specifically in bylaw. Exempted contest list varies by sport: see Bylaw 17._.5.3 (annual exemptions). Maximum Contest Limitations Remember Bylaws 17 and 20 are separate! Bylaw 17 governs the maximum an institution can do with its playing season. Bylaw 20 outlines minimum contest and participant requirements for sports sponsorship. The number of contests declared for Bylaw 17 is usually not the same for Bylaw 20. Reminder: contest minimums are going up in some sports for the 2007-08 academic year. Out-of-Season Activities Out-of-Season Activities Outside of the declared playing season, coaching staff members and student- athletes may not engage in any athletically related activities. Not considered athletically related activity: Administrative meeting prior to season. Athletics award banquet. Season-ending "wrap-up" meeting. Out-of-Season Activities Bylaw 17.02.1.1-(j): Strength and conditioning personnel may monitor voluntary individual workouts for safety purposes. If the institution's strength and conditioning staff member is also a sport coach, in order to monitor workouts for safety purposes, he or she must perform the strength and conditioning duties on a department-wide basis. Out-of-Season Activities A strength and conditioning coach may communicate with a student-athlete regarding techniques/mechanics of weight lifting for safety. However, a strength and conditioning coach may not instruct a student-athlete to complete a specified number of repetitions or sets to ensure the student- athlete maximizes his or her workout. This type of instruction would be considered athletically related activity and may occur only during the declared playing season. Summary Athletically related activities. Length of playing and practice season. First contest or date of competition. Maximum contest limitations. Out-of-season activities. Preseason Practice Formula 1-1-1-1-1-1-1-1-2-2-2-2 Preseason Practice Start Dates Fall sports (other than football): 16 practice opportunities prior to first contest or September 1, whichever is later. Winter and spring sports: September 7 or the first day of classes (whichever is earlier). Football – 25 practice opportunities prior to first contest. Basketball – October 15. Application of Practice Opportunities – Fall Sports other than Football Formula to determine first day of preseason practice. 1. Start with the first contest or date of competition OR September 1 (whichever is later) and count back. 2. Count ONE for each day from the first contest or date of competition through the first day of classes. Application of Practice Opportunities – Fall Sports other than Football 3. Count ONE for each day classes are not in session in the week of the first scheduled regular contest (not scrimmage), defined as the six days, excluding Sunday, preceding the first contest or date of competition. 4. Count TWO for each other day in the preseason practice period. 5. Exclude Sundays. Application of Practice Opportunities Example: women’s soccer. Sixteen opportunities. August/September 2007 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 22 20 21 First day 23 24 25 of class 26 27 29 29 30 31 1 First contest August/September 2007 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 22 20 21 First day 23 24 25 of class 1 1 1 1 26 31 1 27 29 29 30 First 1 1 1 1 contest 1 August/September 2007 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 2 2 19 22 20 21 First day 23 24 25 2 2 of class 1 1 1 1 26 31 1 27 29 29 30 First 1 1 1 1 contest 1 Football Regulations Application of Practice Opportunities – Football Formula to determine first day of preseason practice. 1. Start with the first scheduled intercollegiate contest and count back. 2. Count ONE for each day from the first scheduled intercollegiate contest through the first day of classes. Application of Practice Opportunities – Football 3. Count ONE for each day classes are not in session in the week of the first scheduled regular contest (not scrimmage), defined as the six days, excluding or including Sunday, preceding the first contest or date of competition. Sundays prior to the institution’s opening day of classes are included in the counting. Sundays subsequent to the institution’s opening day of classes are excluded from the counting. Application of Practice Opportunities – Football 4. Count on an alternating basis in a TWO-ONE- TWO-ONE format (i.e., the first of the remaining days is counted as two, the next day is counted as one, the next as two, etc.) up to and including the 20th opportunity. 5. Count one practice opportunity for each of the five days prior to the day of the 20th opportunity. Application of Practice Opportunities – Football If an institution has an official policy that precludes any athletics or other extracurricular activities from occurring Sunday, the institution may exclude Sundays prior to the first day of class from counting in the preseason practice formula to determine the first permissible practice date. [Reference: official interpretation (4/17/03)] Application of Practice Opportunities Example: football. Twenty-five opportunities. August/September 2007 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 22 23 24 25 19 20 21 First Day 1 1 1 of Class 1 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 First 1 1 1 1 Contest August/September 2007 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 2 1 2 1 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 First Day 2 1 2 of Class 1 1 1 1 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 First 1 1 1 1 Contest August/September 2007 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 1 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 First Day 2 1 2 of Class 1 1 1 1 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 First 1 1 1 1 Contest Football Acclimatization Period Preseason practice shall begin with a five- day acclimatization period for both first-time participants (e.g., freshman and transfers) and continuing student-athletes. All student-athletes, including those who arrive to preseason practice after the first day of practice, are required to undergo a five-day acclimatization period. Football Acclimatization Period No more than one on-field practice per day, not to exceed three hours in length. No conditioning, speed, strength or agility tests prior to the start of the five-day acclimatization period. Football Acclimatization Period Administrative activities (e.g., team pictures, equipment issue, etc.) and nonfootball-related meetings (e.g., to sign compliance forms, to administer medical examinations) may occur on the day before the first permissible date of preseason practice. Expenses may be provided beginning with an evening meal and lodging on the day before the administrative/picture day. Football Acclimatization Period First two days: helmets only. Third and fourth days: helmets and shoulder pads only. Fifth day and thereafter: full pads. After the Acclimatization Period No multiple on-field practice sessions (e.g., two- a-days or three-a-days) on consecutive days. No more than three hours of on-field practice activities on those days during which one practice is permitted. After the Acclimatization Period No more than five hours of on-field practice activities on those days during which more than one practice is permitted. On multiple practice session days, at least three continuous hours of recovery time between the end of the first practice and the start of the last practice that day is required. No meetings or other athletically related activities (e.g., weight lifting) during recovery time. Medical treatment and meals may occur during recovery time. After the Acclimatization Period Walk-through sessions. During the preseason practice period only and subsequent to the five-day acclimatization period, on- field walk-through sessions are not considered an on- field activity, provided: Protective equipment (e.g., helmets, shoulder pads) is not worn; Equipment related to football (e.g., footballs, blocking sleds) is not used; and Conditioning activities do not occur. After the Acclimatization Period Walk-through sessions. Only on single-session practice days. Limited to one hour in length. At least three hours of continuous recovery time between the end of the on-field practice session and the start of the walk-through session required. Permissible Spring Activities During this five-week period, the institution may conduct athletically related activities (skill instruction) on a maximum of 16 days, including no more than four days in any one week. Skill instruction during this period shall be limited to passing, catching and kicking related drills. Permissible Spring Activities Except for footballs, the use of helmets, pads, blocking sleds or any other form of sport- related equipment is prohibited. No missed class time is permitted for these sessions. Interpretive Issues Permissible skill instruction activities may include offensive and defensive alignments related to passing, catching and kicking related drills including drills that involve both offensive and defensive teams (e.g., seven- on-seven drills; kick-off coverage and return teams; etc.). [Reference: official interpretation (10/20/04)] Interpretive Issues No contact may occur in any component of skill instruction activities. The spring practice period in football is limited to a period up to five weeks and must be included in the 18-week playing and practice season. Case Studies Length of Playing Season Question My school has a four-day Thanksgiving vacation period. If we take off seven days of practice around Thanksgiving, does that week have to count towards my 18- or 19- week limit? Answer No. The vacation, final examination or holiday period may be a portion of a seven- consecutive day period where no practice or competition is conducted for that week to not count as part of playing season. Question I know that I can practice beyond my 18 or 19 weeks if I am under consideration for NCAA championships. What does it mean to be under consideration for NCAA championships selection? Answer This depends on institutional discretion. The institution should examine the regional rankings and compare the team’s ranking to the size of the bracket. Maximum Contests/Dates of Competition Question My regular conference does not have a championship for soccer and does not declare soccer as one of the conference sports. Can my soccer team compete against a team in this same situation and exempt it? Answer Yes. Independents exemption: application of the independents championship exemption. [Reference: official interpretation (9/15/04)] An institution that is a member of a multi-sport conference that does not sponsor a particular sport and is not a member of any other conference for that sport may use the independents championship exemption in that sport. Question Now that I can exempt the field hockey alumni contest in the nontraditional segment, can I also exempt it in the traditional segment? Answer No. The institution may play more than one alumni contest but only one may be exempted. Question Can I have two dates of competition in the nontraditional segment if one of them is the alumni contest? Answer Yes. Note that the field hockey nontraditional segment may consist of one date of competition and the exempted alumni contest may occur on another day. If the alumni contest is on another day, it shall be the only contest on that other day. Question In track, how do I count a date of competition when I have student-athletes attending two different invitationals at the same time? One invitational is a day longer than the other. How do I apply the bylaw that allows me to count the first two days of a multi-day event as one day? Length Student- Countable Days Outdoor Meets of Event Athletes (Days) in Event Institution Sally Invitational 3 10 0 2# Dual 1 25 1 0 Invitational X* April 1,2 2 6 1# 2# Invitational Y* April 1, 2, 3 3 15 0 Dual 1 30 1 1 Invitational 3 20 2# 2# Conference Championship 2 20 0 0 Last Chance 1 3 0 1 NCAA Championship 3 1 0 0 * Event occurs on overlapping days #First two days counted as one Sally the student-athlete participated in all days of the event. Contest Limitations and Season Length Question I just saw that last-chance meets count against maximum contest limitations for student-athletes and for institutions, if there are at least 12 participants. Do I have to save weeks for last-chance meets? Answer Yes. Competition subsequent to the last regular-season contest or conference tournament. [Reference: staff interpretation (8/28/91)] Competition subsequent to the last regular-season competition or conference tournament that does not constitute a countable competition for the institution (i.e., less than the minimum number of participants) must count in the length of the institution's playing season if the student-athlete represents the institution in the contest. Question Do contests in the ECAC Championship or the New England’s have to count towards the maximum contest limitation? Answer Maybe. The event must count unless there is a contest exemption for the particular sport. Each sport has a different list, so check the exemption list for the sport in question. Answer Field hockey could exempt either the New England’s or ECAC’s under the season-ending tournament. Also, if they did not already use the conference exemption, they could exempt ECAC’s under the conference exemption and New England’s under the season-ending exemption. Cross country could not exempt New England’s and could only exempt ECAC’s if they did not already exempt a conference championship. Required Days Off Question My baseball team is going to Florida for spring break. How many days in a row can the team practice without taking a day off? Answer The team does not have to take a day off during the official spring-break period. There must be at least one day in the week prior and one day off in the week after spring break. Required day off not mandatory during vacation period. An institution is not required to provide student-athletes with one day off per week during a vacation period, provided classes are not in session during any portion of that week. [Reference: staff interpretation (12/18/92)] Out-of-Season Activities Question I do not have a true strength and conditioning coach, but three of my coaches have volunteered to supervise the weight room on Monday, Wednesday and Friday afternoons respectively. Is it permissible for these sport coaches to monitor the weight room out of season? Answer Yes, if those individuals perform that duty for all student-athletes. If the institution's strength and conditioning staff member is also a sport coach, in order to monitor workouts for safety purposes, he or she must perform the strength and conditioning duties on a department-wide basis. Question Is it considered a voluntary workout if the strength coach turns in an attendance list (with no other information) to the sport coach? Answer No. Question May the head volleyball coach participate in intramural lacrosse if three of her student- athletes are also participating? Answer It depends. The coach may participate in the same league; however, the coach may not participate on the same team as his or her student-athlete outside the playing season in ANY sport. Question Six basketball players from one team play together in a summer league. The games are played at a YMCA near campus. Is it permissible for the coach to observe these games? Answer Yes. Question These same six players like to practice together outside the structured league environment and regularly engage in pick-up games together at the intuition's recreational facility. This facility is across the street from the coach's office. If the coach leaves her office for lunch and sees the six team members playing a pick-up game, what should she do? Answer Continue to wherever she was going and not take extra time to watch the pick-up game. Questions?
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