Author-date referencing by qgp38355

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									Author-date referencing



    Academic Skills Office
   University of New England
     www.une.edu.au/aso
    Function of referencing

 Allows you to take part in academic
  discussion
 Acknowledges the source of an idea or
  quotation - to avoid plagiarism
 Allows readers to follow up and read
  source
 Supports your argument
 Shows that you write from informed
  position
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  Author-date referencing

Two parts
1. In-text: use author surname, year
   and page number (Blogs 2003:32)
2. List of references: full bibliographic
   details
Resource: UNE Referencing Guide



                                            3
                             In-text
                    Weak author orientation

          Author’s name not part of the sentence

          Used to emphasise the information
           rather than a particular author’s
           opinions or facts

Example
As a consequence of the time-consuming nature of marking essays,
feedback to students is frequently delayed, and this is much less useful
to students than rapid feedback (Ramsden 1992:192).


                                                                           4
                                   In-text
                       Strong author orientation

          Author’s name included as part of the sentence

          Used to place emphasis on the author

 Example
Ramsden (1992:194) believes the delayed feedback to
students that is a consequence of the time-consuming nature
of marking essays, is less useful to students than rapid
feedback.
 Choose reporting verbs carefully.
 In general use the present tense. Past tense is used when the focus is
       on what previous researchers did.


                                                                           5
                Short quotations
                      less than 30 words
     Single inverted commas
     Integrate quote and text
     Date of publication:page number                      Weak
                                                           author
Example
Assignments are, therefore, a useful means for lecturers to assess
student’s learning and to provide students with appropriate feedback
which is ‘a primary task of all teaching’ (Ramsden 1992:185).

Assignments are, therefore, a useful means for lecturers to assess
student’s learning and to provide students with appropriate feedback
which Ramsden (1992:185) observes is ‘a primary task of all
teaching’.                                                    Strong
                                                              author
                                                                       6
                   Long quotations
                       more than 30 words
       Indent
       No quotation marks
       Single spacing & smaller font
       Date of publication:page number
Example
Writing and marking essays are time-consuming and therefore
expensive processes:

        Traditional assessments that occur regularly throughout a course,
        consume prodigious amounts of staff resources in marking and
        student time in preparation. Much wider use could be made, with
        educational as well as economic benefits, of methods which
        emphasise students’ cooperative work. (Ramsden 1992:192) (41
        words)
 Weak
                                                                            7
 author
         Secondary references
     To acknowledge the work of one author
      you
                                       Weak
       have found in the work of another.
                                                    author

Example
It has though been pointed out (Baumgart & Johnson 1974
cited in Hounsell 1984:103) that the result …

     Use ‘quoted’ instead of ‘cited’ if the idea is directly
      quoted in your source


                                                                8
       The list of references
 The reference list is a list of all the works you
  have cited in your text
 A bibliography is a list of all the works you
  have cited in your text AND other texts you
  may have considered
 Follow the UNE referencing guide
 Alphabetical order by author’s surname
 Separate page attached to the back of your
  assignment

    You submit EITHER a reference list OR a
     bibliography
                                                      9
           Referencing tips
 Note sources carefully
 When taking notes, try to use own words
  (paraphrase and summarise)
 Use direct quotations sparingly
 1-3(-5) references per body paragraph
 Integrate ideas from your sources and
  understand before writing
 Information in public domain (common
  knowledge) doesn’t need referencing
 Keep to one (your own) writing style
                                            10
    Summary
   Record bibliographical information
   Acknowledge sources in text             UNE referencing
                                             Consistent and
                                                Compile
                                                 Record
                                             Acknowledge
   Compile reference list                       guide
                                               accurate
   Be consistent and accurate
   Use UNE referencing guide




      Inevitably, almost everything we say is either quotation or paraphrase
      Mason Cooley
                                                                         11

								
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