2007-2008 Alabama Statewide Survey of Risk and Protective

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					2007-2008 Alabama Statewide Survey
  of Risk and Protective Behaviors for
 Public Secondary Schools in Alabama

             Marcus Vandiver, Ed.D.
               Education Specialist
        Alabama Department of Education
     Prevention and Support Services Section
                 (334) 242-8165
              mvandiver@alsde.edu
What is The Alabama-Pride Survey?
    The Alabama-Pride Survey queries
students on the prevalence of substance use,
perception of risk, students perception of
parental and peer disapproval, age of first
use, where and when students use, violence
indicators, school and community indicators,
and risk and protective factors.
Demographics
Total number of students surveyed 271,958

   Number of 6th grade students surveyed: 46,769
   Number of 7th grade students surveyed: 46,293
   Number of 8th grade students surveyed: 44,433
   Number of 9th grade students surveyed: 31,134
   Number of 10th grade students surveyed: 36,285
   Number of 11th grade students surveyed: 31,804
   Number of 12th grade students surveyed: 25,240
              Prevalence of Drug Use

              % of Middle School Students Who Use Tobacco,
                           Alcohol & Marijuana




                                            40.4%


                                    29.5%
               25.3%

       17.5%                17.5%
                                                                   13.5%
9.7%
                                                            7.3%
                                                    3.6%


6th     7th     8th          6th     7th     8th    6th      7th    8th

       Tobacco                      Alcohol                Marijuana
             Prevalence of Drug Use

               % of High School Students Who Use Tobacco,
                           Alcohol & Marijuana



                                          59.0%
                                     55.2%
                                52.6%
                           48.6%

               40.5%
          36.9%
     34.3%
31.6%
                                                                      27.6%
                                                                 24.9%
                                                         22.4%
                                                    19.3%




9th   10th   11th 12th     9th   10th   11th 12th   9th   10th   11th 12th

        Tobacco                    Alcohol                 Marijuana
  Frequency of Use – Any Tobacco
Grade   Daily   Weekly   Monthly   Annual
6th      2.2     3.6       4.7      9.7
7th      3.5     7.0       9.4      17.5
8th      6.4     11.7     15.2      25.3
9th      10.2    16.6     20.9      31.6
10th     12.8    19.4     23.5      34.3
11th     15.6    22.1     26.5      36.9
12th     19.1    25.7     30.4      40.5
6-8      4.0     7.9       9.6      17.3
9-12     13.8    20.4     24.7      35.2
Total    8.8     13.8     17.1      26.2
      Frequency of Use – Any Alcohol
Grade       Daily   Weekly   Monthly   Annual
6th          2.1     4.0       5.8      17.5
7th          2.0     6.2      11.0      29.5
8th          3.0     9.8      18.0      40.4
9th          3.9     13.7     25.1      48.6
10th         4.2     15.6     28.6      52.6
11th         4.6     17.9     32.4      55.2
12th         6.1     22.3     37.5      59.0
6-8          2.3     6.6      11.5      28.9
9-12         4.5     16.8     30.1      53.2
Total        3.4     11.7     20.7      40.9
       Frequency of Use – Marijuana
Grade       Daily   Weekly   Monthly   Annual
6th          1.5     2.1       2.5      3.6
7th          1.7     3.2       4.4      7.3
8th          2.9     6.0       8.5      13.5
9th          4.6     9.0      12.4      19.3
10th         5.2     10.1     14.4      22.4
11th         6.7     11.4     15.9      24.9
12th         7.7     13.2     18.0      27.6
6-8          2.0     3.7       5.1      8.0
9-12         5.8     10.7     14.8      23.0
Total        3.9     7.2       9.9      15.4
           Middle School Students:
            30 Day Tobacco Use




                                                            18.9%

                             12.7%                                                 15.2%

                                                   9.4%
6.5%
                     4.7%


       Sixth Grade                 Seventh Grade                    Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006     2007    2008
             High School Students:
              30 Day Tobacco Use




                                                                   31.9%
                                            29.0%                             30.4%
                     26.9%                                 26.5%
24.1%                               23.5%
             20.9%




   Ninth Grade          Tenth Grade          Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                     2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008
           Middle School Students:
             30 Day Alcohol Use




                                                            21.3%
                                                                                   18.0%
                             14.1%
                                                   11.0%
7.7%
                     5.8%



       Sixth Grade                 Seventh Grade                    Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006     2007    2008
             High School Students:
              30 Day Alcohol Use




                                                                       40.7%
                                                                                  37.5%
                                                35.3%
                         32.6%                                 32.4%
28.6%                                   28.6%
                 25.1%




   Ninth Grade              Tenth Grade          Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                         2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008
           Middle School Students:
            30 Day Marijuana Use




                                                             10.3%
                                                                                    8.5%
                             6.2%
2.7%                                                4.4%
                     2.5%


       Sixth Grade                  Seventh Grade                    Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006      2007    2008
             High School Students:
             30 Day Marijuana Use




                     16.7%                  17.9%                  18.4%      18.0%
14.8%                                                      15.9%
                                    14.4%
             12.4%




   Ninth Grade          Tenth Grade          Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                     2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008
            Middle School Students:
            Past Year Tobacco Use




                                                             32.4%


                              24.3%                                                 25.3%


                                                    17.5%
14.7%

                      9.7%




        Sixth Grade                 Seventh Grade                    Eighth Grade

                      2003   2004     2005   2006     2007    2008
            High School Students:
            Past Year Tobacco Use




                                                42.2%                  44.3%
                         40.5%                                                    40.5%
37.2%                                                          36.9%
                                        34.3%
                 31.6%




   Ninth Grade              Tenth Grade          Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                         2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008
            Middle School Students:
             Past Year Alcohol Use




                                                              47.6%

                                                                                     40.4%
                               37.0%


                                                     29.5%
24.9%


                      17.5%




        Sixth Grade                  Seventh Grade                    Eighth Grade

                      2003    2004     2005   2006     2007    2008
             High School Students:
             Past Year Alcohol Use


                                                63.3%                  65.2%
                         60.1%
                                                                                  59.0%
55.6%                                                          55.2%
                                        52.6%
                 48.6%




   Ninth Grade              Tenth Grade          Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                         2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008
           Middle School Students:
           Past Year Marijuana Use




                                                            16.7%
                                                                                   13.5%
                             10.2%
                                                   7.3%
4.6%
                     3.6%


       Sixth Grade                 Seventh Grade                    Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006     2007    2008
            High School Students:
           Past Year Marijuana Use




                                                29.2%                  29.7%
                         26.9%                                                    27.6%
                                                               24.9%
22.9%                                   22.4%
                 19.3%




   Ninth Grade              Tenth Grade          Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                         2003    2004   2005     2006   2007    2008
Middle School Students’ Perception of Risk
                        Significant decrease from 2006-07



84.5%   84.2%   84.2%                                       84.7%    83.6%
                                                                             80.4%
                               78.0%
                                       76.2%
                                               74.1%




   % of Middle School Students Who Perceive Tobacco, Alcohol
      & Marijuana As Harmful or Very Harmful (Past Year)




6th      7th     8th            6th     7th     8th         6th       7th     8th

        Tobacco                        Alcohol                      Marijuana
  High School Students’ Perception of Risk
                  Significant decrease for Marijuana from 2006-2007




82.5% 83.3% 82.5% 82.0%


                                                              75.2%
                               72.4% 73.5%                            73.0%
                                             71.4%
                                                                              70.2%
                                                     69.0%
                                                                                      67.3%




      % of High School Students Who Perceive Tobacco, Alcohol &
          Marijuana As Harmful or Very Harmful (Past Year)




9th   10th   11th 12th          9th   10th   11th 12th        9th     10th    11th 12th

        Tobacco                         Alcohol                        Marijuana
        Student’s Perception of
           Risk of Tobacco
Grade Level   Harmful or Very   Harmful or Very
                 Harmful           Harmful
6th                91.8              84.5
7th                89.5              84.2
8th                86.3              84.2
9th                84.1              82.5
10th               84.4              83.3
11th               84.3              82.5
12th               83.3              82.0
6-8                89.2              84.3
9-12               84.1              82.6
Total              86.8              83.5
        Student’s Perception of
            Risk of Alcohol
Grade Level   Harmful or Very   Harmful or Very
              Harmful 06-07     Harmful 07-08
6th                87.0              78.0
7th                83.0              76.2
8th                76.9              74.1
9th                73.1              72.4
10th               72.5              73.5
11th               71.3              71.4
12th               68.0              69.0
6-8                82.3              76.1
9-12               71.6              71.8
Total              77.2              74.0
        Student’s Perception of
           Risk of Marijuana
Grade Level   Harmful or Very   Harmful or Very
              Harmful 06-07     Harmful 07-08
6th                91.2              84.7
7th                87.9              83.6
8th                82.5              80.4
9th                78.1              75.2
10th               75.9              73.0
11th               74.1              70.2
12th               71.4              67.3
6-8                87.3              82.9
9-12               75.3              71.9
Total              81.6              77.5
           Middle School Students’ Perception of
                   Parents’ Disapproval
                                                 93.8%    93.4%
 92.0%                                                            92.4%
         90.4%
                 88.5%   88.7%
                                 85.5%
                                         82.3%




% of Middle School Students Who Perceive Parents Feel It Is Wrong
 or Very Wrong to Use Tobacco, Alcohol & Marijuana (Past Year)




  6th     7th     8th     6th     7th     8th    6th       7th     8th

         Tobacco                 Alcohol                 Marijuana
                High School Students’ Perception of
                       Parents’ Disapproval

                                                                90.4% 89.9%
                                                                              88.9%
                                                                                      86.9%
85.0%
        83.5%
                80.6%
                                79.2%
                                        78.1%
                        76.2%                   75.4%

                                                        70.1%




% of High School Students Who Perceive Parents Feel It Is Wrong
 or Very Wrong to Use Tobacco, Alcohol & Marijuana (Past Year)




9th     10th    11th 12th       9th     10th    11th 12th       9th   10th    11th 12th

          Tobacco                         Alcohol                      Marijuana
  Student’s Perception of Parents’
   Disapproval of Use of Tobacco
Grade Level   Wrong or Very   Wrong or Very
              Wrong 06-07     Wrong 07-08
6th               92.7            92.0
7th               90.8            90.4
8th               88.6            88.5
9th               85.8            85.0
10th              83.8            83.5
11th              82.2            80.6
12th              77.2            76.2
6-8               90.7            90.3
9-12              82.9            81.9
Total             87.0            86.2
  Student’s Perception of Parents’
   Disapproval of Use of Alcohol
Grade Level   Wrong or Very   Wrong or Very
              Wrong 06-07     Wrong 07-08
6th               90.5            88.7
7th               87.3            85.5
8th               84.1            82.3
9th               81.4            79.2
10th              79.5            78.1
11th              78.2            75.4
12th              72.8            70.1
6-8               87.4            85.6
9-12              78.6            76.3
Total             83.2            81.0
  Student’s Perception of Parents’
  Disapproval of Use of Marijuana
Grade Level   Wrong or Very   Wrong or Very
              Wrong 06-07     Wrong 07-08
6th               94.3            93.8
7th               93.4            93.4
8th               92.5            92.4
9th               91.1            90.4
10th              90.3            89.9
11th              90.0            88.9
12th              87.4            86.9
6-8               93.4            93.2
9-12              90.0            89.2
Total             91.8            91.3
           Middle School Students’ Perception of
                   Friends’ Disapproval

                                                 89.2%

 83.9%                                                    83.1%
                         80.8%

         74.2%                                                    75.2%

                                 68.9%
                 64.4%


                                         56.6%




% of Middle School Students Who Perceive Friends Feel It Is Wrong
 or Very Wrong to Use Tobacco, Alcohol & Marijuana (Past Year)




 6th      7th     8th     6th     7th     8th    6th       7th     8th

         Tobacco                 Alcohol                 Marijuana
                High School Students’ Perception of
                       Friends’ Disapproval


% of High School Students Who Perceive Friends Feel It Is Wrong or
   Very Wrong to Use Tobacco, Alcohol & Marijuana (Past Year)

                                                                65.9%
                                                                        62.0%
                                                                                59.4%
                                                                                        56.4%
54.5%
        49.8%
                46.6%
                                44.9%
                        41.9%
                                        39.9%
                                                36.8%
                                                        33.1%




 9th    10th    11th 12th       9th     10th    11th 12th       9th     10th    11th 12th

          Tobacco                         Alcohol                        Marijuana
 Student’s Perception of Friends’
  Disapproval of Use of Tobacco
Grade Level   Wrong or Very   Wrong or Very
              Wrong 06-07     Wrong 07-08
6th               84.0            83.9
7th               74.0            74.2
8th               63.4            64.4
9th               55.9            54.5
10th              49.9            49.8
11th              47.5            46.6
12th              43.3            41.9
6-8               74.0            74.3
9-12              50.1            49.0
Total             62.6            61.8
  Student’s Perception of Friends’
   Disapproval of Use of Alcohol
Grade Level   Wrong or Very   Wrong or Very
              Wrong 06-07     Wrong 07-08
6th               82.3            80.8
7th               70.6            68.9
8th               57.3            56.6
9th               47.7            44.9
10th              41.2            39.9
11th              38.6            36.8
12th              35.4            33.1
6-8               70.2            68.9
9-12              41.6            39.4
Total             56.6            54.3
  Student’s Perception of Friends’
  Disapproval of Use of Marijuana
Grade Level   Wrong or Very   Wrong or Very
              Wrong 06-07     Wrong 07-08
6th               88.7            89.2
7th               81.5            83.1
8th               73.7            75.2
9th               67.4            65.9
10th              62.4            62.0
11th              60.4            59.4
12th              57.4            56.4
6-8               81.4            82.6
9-12              62.6            61.5
Total             72.5            72.2
           Middle School Students:
            Age Onset of Tobacco



                                                                                   11.7
                                                    11.3
                     10.9
10.5                         10.5                            10.5




       Sixth Grade                  Seventh Grade                   Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006      2007   2008
             High School Students:
             Age Onset of Tobacco


                                                                            13.5
                                                        13.1
                     12.5          12.6   12.5
             12.2
                                                                  12.0

10.5




   Ninth Grade          Tenth Grade        Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                    2003    2004   2005   2006   2007     2008
           Middle School Students:
            Age Onset of Alcohol



                                                                                   11.8
                                                    11.3
                     10.8
10.5                         10.5                            10.5




       Sixth Grade                  Seventh Grade                   Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006      2007   2008
             High School Students:
              Age Onset of Alcohol


                                                                            14.0
                                                        13.5
                                   13.0
12.5         12.3    12.5                 12.5
                                                                  12.0




   Ninth Grade          Tenth Grade        Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                    2003    2004   2005   2006   2007     2008
           Middle School Students:
           Age Onset of Marijuana



                             12.5                            12.5                  12.5
                                                    12.1
                     11.7

10.5




       Sixth Grade                  Seventh Grade                   Eighth Grade

                     2003   2004     2005   2006      2007   2008
                    High School Students:
                    Age Onset of Marijuana


                                                      14.5                                   14.4 14.4
                                                             14   14 14.1 14.1     14   14
                                          13.6 13.6
       13   13 13.1 13          13   13
12.5                     12.5


                                                                                                         2003
                                                                                                         2004
                                                                                                         2005
                                                                                                         2006
                                                                                                         2007




  Ninth Grade              Tenth Grade                Eleventh Grade             Twelfth Grade
           High School Students:
           Age Onset of Marijuana


                                          14.5
                                                        14.1                14.3
                                                                  14.0
                                   13.6
             13.0
12.5                 12.5




   Ninth Grade          Tenth Grade        Eleventh Grade        Twelfth Grade

                    2003    2004   2005   2006   2007     2008
Students’ Age of First Use of Tobacco

Grade Level   Average Age   Average Age
                 06-07         07-08
6th             10.824        10.917
7th             11.243        11.299
8th             11.644        11.685
9th             12.178        12.155
10th            12.643        12.636
11th            13.081        13.090
12th            13.439        13.460
6-8             11.340        11.399
9-12            12.779        12.793
Total           12.241        12.312
 Students’ Age of First Use of Alcohol

Grade Level   Average Age   Average Age
                 06-07         07-08
6th             10.814        10.826
7th             11.259        11.260
8th             11.751        11.754
9th             12.403        12.336
10th            12.980        12.658
11th            13.538        13.492
12th            13.982        13.956
6-8             11.380        11.385
9-12            13.148        13.124
Total           12.462        12.493
Students’ Age of First Use of Marijuana

Grade Level   Average Age   Average Age
                 06-07         07-08
6th             11.581        11.694
7th             11.992        12.051
8th             12.481        12.460
9th             13.026        13.018
10th            13.616        13.585
11th            14.116        14.055
12th            14.353        14.344
6-8             12.189        12.214
9-12            13.768        13.744
Total           13.333        13.356
 Students’ Perception of Availability
      % of Middle School Students Tobacco, Alcohol & Marijuana
                  As Fairly Easy or Very Easy to Get




                                          41.9%
                39.9%



                                  30.3%
        28.5%
                                                                   24.3%
                          20.2%
19.2%
                                                           15.1%

                                                  10.0%




6th      7th     8th       6th     7th     8th     6th      7th     8th

        Tobacco                   Alcohol                 Marijuana
   Students’ Perception of Availability
        % of High School Students Tobacco, Alcohol & Marijuana
                   As Fairly Easy or Very Easy to Get


                        70.4%                           70.7%

                64.1%                           65.2%

                                        59.4%
        58.0%
                                                                                        55.0%
                                52.1%
50.5%                                                                           49.8%

                                                                        43.2%


                                                                35.0%




9th     10th    11th 12th       9th     10th    11th 12th       9th     10th    11th 12th

          Tobacco                         Alcohol                        Marijuana
        Student’s Perception of
        Availability of Tobacco
Grade Level   Fairly Easy or Very Fairly Easy or Very
              Easy to Get 06-07 Easy to Get 07-08
6th                  18.4                19.2
7th                  27.0                28.5
8th                  39.9                39.9
9th                  48.9                50.5
10th                 57.3                28.0
11th                 62.6                64.1
12th                 68.0                70.4
6-8                  28.3                29.1
9-12                 57.8                59.5
Total                42.4                44.1
         Student’s Perception of
          Availability of Alcohol
Grade Level   Fairly Easy or Very Fairly Easy or Very
              Easy to Get 06-07 Easy to Get 07-08
6th                  23.9                20.2
7th                  33.3                30.3
8th                  46.9                41.9
9th                  55.3                52.1
10th                 63.3                59.4
11th                 67.6                65.2
12th                 71.6                70.7
6-8                  34.5                30.7
9-12                 63.3                60.6
Total                48.2                45.5
        Student’s Perception of
        Availability of Marijuana
Grade Level   Fairly Easy or Very Fairly Easy or Very
              Easy to Get 06-07 Easy to Get 07-08
6th                  7.5                 10.0
7th                  13.2                15.1
8th                  21.9                24.3
9th                  31.3                35.0
10th                 40.7                43.2
11th                 46.9                49.8
12th                 52.2                55.0
6-8                  14.1                16.4
9-12                 41.2                44.5
Total                27.0                30.2
                      Where Students Use
                 Where Do Middle School Students Use Any Tobacco?




              11.9%                                                          11.9%
                                                                                                   10.4%
       8.4%
                                                                      7.7%                  7.3%
                                                        5.4%
4.7%
                                                               4.0%                  4.4%
                                   3.1%          2.8%
                      1.3% 1.7%           1.6%


6th    7th    8th      6th   7th   8th    6th    7th    8th     6th    7th    8th    6th    7th     8th


      At Home            At School              In a Car       Friends House                Other
                      Where Students Use
                 Where Do High School Students Use Any Tobacco?




                                                        20.8%              20.2%
                                                                       18.5%
            17.5%                                   17.9%
                                                                    17.1%                        17.5%
    15.6%
        15.9%                                                                                15.8%
15.2%                                                           15.4%
                                              14.2%                                      14.1%
                                                                                     12.6%

                                           9.9%
                                  8.8%
                              7.8%
                          7.0%
                      5.9%




 9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th



     At Home              At School               In a Car      Friends House              Other
                         Where Students Use
                     Where Do Middle School Students Use Any Alcohol?




             19.9%


       15.4%                                                                    16.2%

                                                                                                      13.7%


9.9%                                                                     9.7%                  9.6%


                                                                                        6.1%
                                                           3.6%   4.3%

                          1.2% 1.1%
                                       1.9%   1.6% 2.1%


6th    7th     8th         6th   7th   8th    6th    7th   8th     6th    7th    8th    6th    7th     8th


      At Home                At School              In a Car      Friends House                Other
                      Where Students Use
                  Where Do High School Students Use Any Alcohol?


                                                                            35.5%


                                                                        31.8%


                                                                   28.1%



22.0%                                                           23.4%
            20.6%                                                                                 22.2%
    21.0%
        20.1%                                                                                20.3%
                                                                                         18.4%
                                                                                     16.8%




                                                        9.6%
                                                   7.9%
                                               6.9%
                                           5.7%
                                  5.0%
                          3.6%4.1%
                      3.1%



 9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th



     At Home              At School             In a Car        Friends House              Other
                     Where Students Use
               Where Do Middle School Students Use Any Marijuana?




                                                                          6.6%
                                                                                               5.6%
              3.8%
                                                     2.8%          3.3%                 3.1%
       2.0%
1.1%                 0.9% 0.8% 1.3%     0.9% 1.3%           1.5%                 1.5%


6th    7th    8th     6th   7th   8th   6th    7th   8th     6th    7th    8th   6th    7th    8th


      At Home           At School             In a Car      Friends House               Other
                      Where Students Use
                Where Do High School Students Use Any Marijuana?




                                                                            15.0%
                                                                       13.2%
                                                                   12.5%
                                                        9.6%    9.8%                             10.1%
              7.5%                                 7.9%                                      9.2%
                                                                                         8.5%
    6.8% 6.4%                                  7.1%                                  6.9%
5.7%                                       5.0%
                                  4.0%
                          2.8%
                              2.8%
                      2.2%


 9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th



       At Home            At School               In a Car      Friends House              Other
                         When Students Use
                    When Do Middle School Students Use Any Tobacco?




                                                                                                   16.6%



                                                                                            11.5%
                                                          9.3%


                                                   5.7%                        6.6%   6.4%
              4.7%
                                                                        3.9%
       2.7%                          2.8%   2.9%
1.5%                     1.3% 1.6%                               2.2%


6th    7th    8th        6th   7th   8th    6th    7th    8th    6th     7th    8th   6th    7th    8th


Before School             During School       After School        Week Nights           Weekends
                      When Students Use
                 When Do High School Students Use Any Tobacco?




                                                                                                26.0%
                                                                                            23.9%

                                                                                       21.8%

                                                       19.1%                        19.8%

                                                  16.8%                    16.5%

            14.4%                             15.1%                   14.0%
                                          13.1%
       12.1%
                                                                  11.6%
   9.8%                                                        9.7%
                                  8.6%
7.7%
                         6.4% 7.3%
                     5.4%




9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th


 Before School          During School         After School       Week Nights            Weekends
                       When Students Use
                  When Do Middle School Students Use Any Alcohol?




                                                                                                 29.4%




                                                                                          20.1%




                                                                                   11.0%



                                                       5.4%                 5.8%
                                                3.8%                 4.2%
            2.1%                         2.5%                 2.8%
1.3% 1.5%              1.2% 1.0% 1.6%


6th   7th   8th        6th   7th   8th   6th    7th    8th    6th     7th    8th    6th    7th    8th


Before School           During School      After School        Week Nights            Weekends
                          When Students Use
                                                                                                     46.3%

                                                                                                43.3%

                                                                                           40.5%


                                                                                        36.6%

                      When Do High School Students Use Any Alcohol?




                                                                               9.7%
                                                            7.4%           8.0%
                                              6.4%                     7.4%
                                                     6.2% 6.2%     7.2%
              4.2%
                                     4.4%
       3.0%3.4%              2.9%3.4%
2.9%                     2.8%



 9th 10th 11th 12th      9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th   9th 10th 11th 12th


  Before School            During School          After School       Week Nights            Weekends
                    When Students Use
              When Do Middle School Students Use Any Marijuana?




                                                                                            9.0%


                                                                                     4.7%
                                                    3.4%               3.2%
            2.1%                             1.8%                             2.0%
0.8% 1.2%           0.9% 0.7% 1.3%    1.0%                 1.0% 1.6%

6th   7th   8th     6th   7th   8th   6th    7th    8th    6th   7th    8th   6th    7th    8th


Before School        During School      After School        Week Nights         Weekends
                         When Students Use
                 When Do High School Students Use Any Marijuana?




                                                                                                     17.7%
                                                                                                 16.5%
                                                                                             15.2%
                                                                                          13.0%


                                                            7.6%                   8.3%
                                                        6.6%                   7.0%
             5.5%                                   6.0%                   5.9%
                                             5.3%                   5.1%
    4.1% 4.6%                      3.8%
3.5%                       2.6%3.0%
                       2.3%


  9th 10th 11th 12th    9th 10th 11th 12th     9th 10th 11th 12th    9th 10th 11th 12th    9th 10th 11th 12th


  Before School           During School             After School           Week Nights         Weekends
               Violence Indicators
Violence Indicators                      06-07   07-08
Threatened a fellow student              37.1%   35.2%
Get into trouble with police             25.3%   25.7%
Being afraid at school                   20.6%   19.0%
Being hurt at school                     19.3%   18.7%
Carrying a gun for while not at school   12.9%   12.3%
Participated in gangs                    12.7%   11.7%
Though often or a lot about suicide      6.8%    6.6%
Carry a gun to school in the past year   5.0%    5.1%
    School and Community Safety
Location                             06-07   07-08
In the parking lot                   37.8%   36.9%
On the school bus                    34.9%   33.4%
In the bathroom                      33.6%   32.9%
On the playground                    33.3%   32.3%
In the halls                         32.1%   31.0%
At school events (ballgames, etc.)   29.8%   28.7%
In the cafeteria (lunchroom)         27.5%   26.3%
In the gym                           27.3%   26.5%
In the classroom                     21.8%   20.8%
    Risk and Protective Factors

        % of Students Who Use Illicit Drugs By
            Take Part in School Activities
                   (Parent Protective Factor)




24.8%
           23.3%
                             18.8%
                                                15.2%
                                                        13.4%




Never     Seldom        Sometimes               Often   A Lot

                   Percent of Drug Use
    Risk and Protective Factors

        % of Students Who Use Illicit Drugs By
                 Make Good Grades
                   (Parent Protective Factor)
69.2%




           44.8%




                             25.4%


                                                18.0%

                                                        11.9%




Never     Seldom        Sometimes               Often   A Lot

                   Percent of Drug Use
    Risk and Protective Factors

        % of Students Who Use Illicit Drugs By
        Parents Talk About Dangers of Drugs
                   (Parent Protective Factor)




31.7%

           25.8%


                             18.3%
                                                14.6%
                                                        13.1%




Never     Seldom        Sometimes               Often   A Lot

                   Percent of Drug Use
    Risk and Protective Factors

        % of Students Who Use Illicit Drugs By
               Parents Set Clear Rules
                   (Parent Protective Factor)




50.2%


           40.6%



                             30.0%


                                                20.7%


                                                        12.1%




Never     Seldom        Sometimes               Often   A Lot

                   Percent of Drug Use
    Risk and Protective Factors

        % of Students Who Use Illicit Drugs By
           Attend Church, Synagogue, etc.
                   (Community Protective Factor)




37.7%

           30.3%


                              22.5%
                                                   18.5%

                                                           12.5%




Never     Seldom          Sometimes                Often   A Lot

                    Percent of Drug Use
    Risk and Protective Factors

        % of Students Who Use Illicit Drugs By
          Take Part in Community Activities
                   (Community Protective Factor)




24.4%
           20.4%
                              16.6%
                                                   14.3%   13.8%




Never     Seldom          Sometimes                Often   A Lot

                    Percent of Drug Use
Alabama Statewide Survey: Trend Data

    The Alabama State Department of
 Education, through the Spring of 2003
 through the Spring of 2007, has collected
 a near population survey of students in
 grades 6-12 has been conducted on drug
 use and violence.
   Alabama Statewide Survey: Population
                 2002-03   2003-04   2004-05   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08
White            149,389   160,072   159,674   156,135   156,896   160,382


African           78,310    79,104    79,882    77,047    77,907    81,805
American
Hispanic/          4,302     5,468     6,131     6,583     7,312     8,342
Latino
Asian/ Pacific     2,361     2,900     3,126     3,268     3,641     4,036
Islander
Native             3,178     3,603     3,595     3,618     3,797     4,036
American
Mixed Origin       4,492     5,075     5,558     5,996     6,767     7,535


Other              4,492     5,075     5,558     5,996     6,767     2,960


Non-Used           3,179     3,475     3,582     3,527     2,879     2,861
Surveys
TOTAL            247,237   262,050   263,944   258,646   261,904   271,958
   A Summary of 30-Day Substance Use
                     23.5
                                             22.8
22.1                                                              22
                                                                                    21.3                20.7
                            19.9                    19.6
       18.7                                                            18.3
                                                                                           17.4                17.1




              10.7                 11.1                    11.1
                                                                              9.8                 9.7                 9.9




2002-03              2003-04                 2004-05              2005-06           2006-07             2007-08
                                          Alcohol           Tobacco      Marijuana


 Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                                     Perception of Risk
       86.9                 86.3                    85.1                 86.6                 86.8
              81.2                                                              81.6                 81.6          83.5
                                   80.8                    80.3
75.9                                                              77.4                 77.2                               77.5
                     74.3                    74.0                                                           74.0




2002-03              2003-04                 2004-05              2005-06              2006-07              2007-08
                                          Alcohol           Tobacco        Marijuana


 Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
       Perception of Parental Disapproval
                                                       92.3                    91.8                 91.3
                                                87.3                    87.0                 86.2
            80.7                         83.1                    83.2                 81.0
                               80.2
75.9 77.3          75.5 76.7




 2003-04            2004-05               2005-06                 2006-07              2007-08
                               Alcohol   Tobacco              Marijuana


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                           Age of First Use

            13.0               13.0                  13.3                  13.3               13.4
                                         12.5 12.2             12.5 12.2          12.5 12.3
                   12.0 12.0
11.0 11.0




 2003-04            2004-05               2005-06               2006-07            2007-08
                               Alcohol   Tobacco            Marijuana
                      Where Students Report Using
                              Cigarettes
               12.7                       12.5
11.9                                                          12.0
                           11.3                    11.1                                 11.4

                  10.0                                                   10.2                                        10.2
                                             9.7                  9.5
         9.2                        9.4                                                            9.1
                                                            8.8                            9.0
                                                                                  8.3                                   8.4
                                                                                                               7.2




   2.7                        2.7                     2.9                   2.8                          2.5




  2002-03                    2003-04                 2004-05                2005-06                    2006-07
                         At Home      At School       In A Car       Friend's House            Other


  Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                      Where Students Report Using
                                Alcohol
23.0
               21.8        21.9           22.3      21.8       21.3                      21.3
                                                                          20.3                                      19.9
                                                                                                    19.0
                  16.9                       16.6
                                                                   15.9                     15.6
                                                                                                                       14.9




         6.9
                                    6.3                      6.0                   5.8
                                                                                                              5.1

   2.4                        2.6                      2.9                   2.8                        2.7




  2002-03                    2003-04                  2004-05                2005-06                    2006-07
                         At Home      At School        In A Car       Friend's House            Other


  Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                        Where Students Report Using
                                Marijuana
                  9.5                             9.4
                                                                                8.9                           8.7
                                                                                                                                            7.9

                        6.9                             6.7                           6.5                           6.3
            5.6                                                                                                                                   5.7
5.3                                         5.4
                                5.0                           5.0         5.1                           4.9
                                                                                            4.8
                                                                                                                          4.4         4.2




                                      1.9                           2.1                           2.1                           1.9
      1.7




  2002-03                         2003-04                       2004-05                       2005-06                         2006-07
                              At Home         At School         In A Car                Friend's House                Other


  Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                    When Students Report Using
                            Cigarettes
                  16.7                      16.9
                                                                           16.2
                                                                                                          15.2
                                                                                                                                          13.9



        10.3                     10.1
                                                               9.6                            9.2
                                      7.9                                                                                     8.2
            7.8                                                      7.5                            7.2
6.0                      6.0                                                                                                        6.3
                                                   5.8                            5.6
                                                                                                                  5.0


                               2.4                       2.5                            2.5                             2.2
      2.1




  2002-03                  2003-04                   2004-05                        2005-06                         2006-07
            Before School            During School             After School             Week Night               Weekend


  Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                        When Students Report Using
                                 Alcohol

                      33.8                         34.2
                                                                                32.9                         32.7
                                                                                                                                         31.0




                7.8                          7.5                          7.4
          6.3                                                                                          6.9
                                       6.0                          6.0                          5.9                           5.6 6.2
2.5 1.7                      2.3 2.1                      2.5 2.3                      2.5 2.3                       2.4 2.2



  2002-03                      2003-04                      2004-05                      2005-06                       2006-07
            Before School               During School               After School          Week Night                Weekend


  Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                        When Students Report Using
                                Marijuana

                      11.5                         11.3                         11.0
                                                                                                             10.4
                                                                                                                                           9.5




            4.5 4.7                      4.4 4.6                      4.4 4.5                      4.4 4.4
                                                                                                                                 4.0 3.8

2.7                          2.8                          2.8                          2.8                           2.5
                                   1.7                          1.9                          1.9                           1.7
      1.5




  2002-03                      2003-04                      2004-05                      2005-06                       2006-07
              Before School               During School               After School           Week Night             Weekend


  Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
   Illicit Drug Use by
   Make Good Grades

                                                                                                                        69.2
                                                                    66.3                      66.6
                     64.1                      64.5
60.2




                        43.6                                           44.7                                                44.8
   41.6                                           42.7                                               43



                                                                           28.9
       26.7                    27                     26.6
                                                                                                          24.9                 25.4
                                                                                  22
          19.6                      19.6                 19.1                                                17.7                     18
                                                                                       14.9
              12.3                     12.6                  12.4                                                11.2                      11.9




  2002-03              2003-04                   2004-05              2005-06                   2006-07                   2007-08
                            Never             Seldom         Sometimes                 Often          A Lot


   Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
   Illicit Drug Use by
   Parents Talk About Dangers of Drugs

                                                             35.0

31.1                                                                              31.1                 31.7
                    30.2                 30.4                   30.5

   26.2                                                                                                   25.8
                       25.4                 25.2                                      24.8
                                                                    22.3
       19.7                19.6                 19.3                   18.6              18.3                 18.3
          17.3                17.3
                                                   16.5                    15.9
             15.7                15.3                 14.7                                   14.4                14.6
                                                                                                12.6                13.1




  2002-03             2003-04              2004-05             2005-06                2006-07            2007-08
                           Never        Seldom         Sometimes              Often      A Lot


   Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
   Illicit Drug Use by
   Parents Set Clear Rules

                                                                                                                   50.2
                                                                    48.9
                     47.7                  47.7
                                                                                         46.4
43.2                                                                   42.8
    40.8                40.9                  41.0                                                                    40.6
                                                                                             38.7

       32.6                                                                33.4
                            32.1                     31
                                                                                                29.5                      30.0

           23.5                                                               23.9
                               22.4                       21.4
                                                                                                       20                    20.7

                                                                                  15.5
              13.5                 13.4                      12.7
                                                                                                            11.5                 12.1




  2002-03              2003-04               2004-05                  2005-06                2006-07                 2007-08
                            Never         Seldom             Sometimes               Often      A Lot


   Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
   Illicit Drug Use by
   Parents Enforce Rules

                     39.9                  40.0                 40.6                                      40.0
37.6                    36.8                                                         37.5
    36.1                                      35.7                 36.4

                                                                                         32.7                32.9



       26.2                 25.8                                       26.2
                                                  25.3

                                                                                            21.9                 21.3
                                                                          19.8
           18.9                18.3                  17.8
                                                                              16.2              15.7
              13.9                                                                                                  14.7
                                   13.5                  12.9                                                          12.8
                                                                                                   12.3




  2002-03              2003-04               2004-05              2005-06                2006-07            2007-08
                            Never         Seldom         Sometimes               Often      A Lot


   Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
   Illicit Drug Use by
   Do You Attend Church or Synagogue?

                                                                39.5
                     38.6                  38.0
37.5                                                                                 36.9                 37.7
                                                                   34.6
   33.3                 33.1                  32.7
                                                                                         29.9                30.3

                                                                       26.7
       25.8                 25.9                  25.4
                                                                          22.6              22.3                 22.5
          21.1                 21.2
                                                     20.2
                                                                                                17.9                18.5
                                                                              16.1
              13.7                 13.5                  13.0                                      12.2                 12.5




  2002-03              2003-04               2004-05              2005-06                2006-07            2007-08
                            Never         Seldom         Sometimes               Often      A Lot


   Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
   Illicit Drug Use by
   Take Part in Community Activities
                                                               27.8
26.4                 26.5                  26.0
                                                                  24.2              23.9                 24.4
   22.4                 22.0                  21.6
                                                                      20.2                                  20.4
                                                                                        19.4
                            18.5                  18.2                   18.4
       17.8
                                                                             16.7          16.4                 16.6
          15.8                 15.5
                                                     14.9                                      14.5
              13.8                                                                                                 14.3
                                                                                                                      13.8
                                   13.4                 13.4
                                                                                                  12.8




  2002-03              2003-04               2004-05             2005-06                2006-07            2007-08
                            Never         Seldom         Sometimes              Often      A Lot


   Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
           Data Analysis Ideas
   Trend Lines
   Graphing Multiple Sets of Data
   Parent Responses vs. Student Responses
Number of Students Reporting Participating
in Gang Activity & Carrying a Gun to School
35000                                31836                       32807
                                                      30870                     31291
                       29111
30000     26697

25000

20000

15000                                                            12548          13122
                       11086         11808            11921
           8895
10000

  5000

     0

         2002-03      2003-04       2004-05       2005-06       2006-07        2007-08
                      Participate in Gang Activitiy      Carry Gun To School


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
Liquor Use of Students Who Report Taking Part in
Gang Activities vs. Students Who Do Not

                                                                            61.3
              56.3               55.2                         55.4
54.3                                             54.5




                     26.4               25.7            25                         25.4
       24.5                                                          24.4




2002-03       2003-04           2004-05         2005-06       2006-07       2007-08
                            Liquor - Gang      Liquor - No Gang


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
Marijuana Use of Students Who Report Taking Part
in Gang Activities vs. Students Who Do Not

50.7          51.5                                                       51.6
                             49.9
                                                           47.3
                                             45.7




       13.2          13.4           13
                                                    11.1          10.7          10.6




2002-03       2003-04        2004-05        2005-06        2006-07       2007-08
                            Mj - Gang    Mj - No Gang


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
                    Using Trend Lines
Local Use:         32.1                                             National Use
 20.0 %                                                               14.2 %
                           State Use:
                                                           27.6
                            15.5 %

      22.5
                                                                       20.1

                                                  16.9
                                15.3




  School A     School B      School C       School D     School E   School F
                                        Student


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
Parent’s Perception of Safety at School vs.
Student’s Perception of Safety at School

        87.0
                          83.8
                                         77.7                       79.3                           78.5           77.5
                                                       74.3                        72.0                                             74.2

            62.2
                              55.7                                       56.6
                                                                                                       53.9            51.7
                                             49.9           50.0                       49.4
                                                                                                                                        46.5
                        ria




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                                                                                                          Pl
                                                                                       Sc

                                                              Parent        Student


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey
Parent’s Perception of Child’s Use of Drugs
vs. Student-Reported Use of Drugs
                                           32.1




                22.5



                                                            15.3




         4.0                        4.6
                                                      1.7



        Cigarettes          Coolers, Breezers, etc.   Marijuana
                                 Parent   Student


Source: Pride Surveys Alabama Statewide Survey