Last update 11 February 2008

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Last update: 11 February 2008

                          TEXT FOR DEFENCE 101


                                Notes to Presenters

- Presenters are reminded that in order to ensure that their presentation is up-to-
date, they must check the accuracy of numbers and information given on the
slides and in the text, especially slides 3, 10 and 13. Check the latest current ops
data at http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/operations/current_ops_e.asp .

- This is a base presentation. Feel free to personalize it, adding your own stories
and slides, as you see fit.

- Throughout your speaking notes are words in blue. These words contain
endnotes to sources for further information on the topic. You can consult them to
make sure your presentation is current, and to add more details to the
presentation.

- Do not read words in grey highlights out loud.


Good morning/afternoon/evening.    My name is: _________(name, rank,
occupation in the CF, deployments…).


SLIDE 1 – Aim

The aim of this presentation is to provide an introduction to the Department of
National Defence and the Canadian Forces. I will, at times refer to the
Department, or DND, and to the CF, which is short for Canadian Forces.

I will speak for about 20 minutes, and then I will take your questions.


SLIDE 2 – Roles and Mandate

The Department of National Defence1, or DND, and the Canadian Forces have a
unique relationship, in that DND largely exists to support the Canadian Forces.

The Minister of National Defence2, the Honourable Peter MacKay, is responsible
for managing and directing all matters relating to national defence and security.

The Chief of the Defence Staff3, or CDS, is General Rick Hillier. He is
responsible for the conduct of military operations and for the readiness of the
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Canadian Forces to carry out the tasks that Parliament assigns through the
Minister.

The CDS issues all orders and instructions to the Canadian Forces, and is
responsible for all CF personnel matters.

The Canadian Forces mandate is three-fold as shown on the slide.

Protecting Canada and defending our sovereignty is our first priority. We work
with Canada’s closest ally, the United States, to defend North America. We also
contribute to international peace and security through operations around the
world, most often in partnership with allies from other countries.


SLIDE 3 – A National Institution

The Department of National Defence is the largest federal government
department. It has approximately 110 000 military members and civilian
employees. DND and the CF together have a budget of approximately 14.7
billion dollars.

DND/CF offers a fair, inclusive, and barrier-free work environment and reflects
Canada’s cultural, linguistic and regional diversity.4 As a symbol of pride and
national identity, the Canadian Forces is present in every province and territory,
and in more than 3,000 communities across Canada.


SLIDE 4 – The Three Environments

The Canadian Forces serve on the sea, on land, and in the air, with the Navy, the
Army, and the Air Force.

Canada’s Navy5 conducts surveillance operations to protect the sovereignty of
our coasts, and to defend Canadian waters. The Navy also supports international
initiatives for peace and humanitarian assistance.

Canada’s Army6 takes part in peace support operations. If necessary, in crises
and disasters the Army delivers humanitarian assistance and helps the civil
authorities restore public order.

Canada’s Air Force’s7 main roles are surveillance and control of Canadian
airspace; air transport of CF personnel and equipment throughout the world; and
supporting Navy and Army operations and other federal departments by taking
part in activities such as search-and-rescue and relief operations.
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SLIDE 5 – The Four Commands

In an effort to make the Canadian Forces more relevant, responsive and
effective, 4 new operational structures, called “commands”, were created in
February 2006. According to the Chief of the Defence Staff, this CF
Transformation8 was necessary to meet the threats of a new security
environment. That command structure is based on collective, integrated efforts,
which have considerably more operational impact.

Canada Command, or Canada COM for short, is in charge of CF activities within
Canada. Canadian Expeditionary Forces Command, or CEFCOM, oversees all
international operations. Canadian Special Forces Command, or CANSOFCOM,
oversees all special forces activities, and finally, Canadian Operational Support
Command, CANOSCOM, is in charge of operational support for CF activities.


SLIDE 6 – Protecting Canada

Protecting Canadians and defending our sovereignty is our first priority. The
Canadian Forces protects Canada by providing support to activities such as
public security and counter-terrorism, securing borders against illegal activities,
sovereignty patrols in Canada’s Arctic, aiding in search-and-rescue, law
enforcement and counter-narcotics operations, and environmental protection.

The Canadian Forces also regularly responds to national disasters such as
floods and hurricanes.


SLIDE 7 – Map of CF Installations

There are 22 main CF installations across Canada. This slide shows a map of
major CF bases and Air Force bases all across the country. In addition, there is
National Defence Headquarters, in Ottawa; the Air Force headquarters, in
Winnipeg, 4 Land staff (or Army) headquarters, and 3 Naval headquarters.


SLIDE 8 – Defending North America

Canada and the United States enjoy one of the most extensive and long-standing
defence relationships in the world. There are many continental initiatives that
Canada and the U.S. undertake together to protect and defend our shores,
airspace and land.
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The most important of these joint arrangements on continental defence is
NORAD, or the North American Aerospace Defence Command.9 NORAD’s most
important roles are to monitor North American airspace, conduct maritime
surveillance and to respond appropriately to threats that arise.

The tradition of bilateral cooperation in the defence of North America is a natural
complement to the extensive political, economic, cultural and social ties that link
our two countries.


SLIDE 9 – Contributing to International Peace & Security

The Canadian Forces contributes to international peace and security through
operations around the world.

The Canadian Forces’ contribution to peace support operations is multilateral,
meaning that we work with the armed forces of our allies from other countries,
usually through organizations like NATO or the United Nations.

The CF is involved in many types of operations around the world. Here are some
examples:

      Complex peace support and stabilization missions, such as those carried
       out with the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in
       Afghanistan;
      Maritime interdiction operations, such as those conducted in the Persian
       Gulf after the first Gulf War, and as part of the campaign against terrorism;
      Humanitarian assistance missions, such as those conducted by the
       Disaster Assistance Response Team in Sri Lanka and more recently in
       Pakistan;
      Evacuation operations to assist Canadians in countries threatened by
       imminent conflict and turmoil, as we have done in Lebanon;
      Combat operations; and
      Peacekeeping and observer operations, such as those carried out by the
       UN in the Middle East for many years.


SLIDE 10 – Canadian Forces Operations

This slide shows most of Canada’s current international operations10 as of
January 2, 2008. There are over 2900 CF members deployed on 16 international
missions. The largest component of personnel is in Afghanistan, with about
2500 members deployed.

While you’re looking at this slide, I’m going to take some time to explain some
basic military vocabulary.
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First, the word “deployed” or “deployment” simply means to send the armed
forces somewhere. “Operation”, or its short form “Op” as in “Op ARCHER” or “Op
CROCODILE”, means a specific mission.

We usually name our operations with words that begin with the same letter as the
location where they take place. So, Op ARCHER is in Afghanistan, and Op
SAFARI is in Sudan. And, the term “theatre of operations” just means the
location where the operation is taking place.


SLIDE 11 – Afghanistan

I will now briefly discuss Canada’s role in Afghanistan11, given that this is where
the vast majority of CF members are deployed.

Afghanistan is one of the world’s poorest countries. It is slowly recovering from
decades of war, oppression and a recurring drought. It is a landlocked country in
South Asia about the size of Manitoba.

Afghanistan is home to about 31 million people who belong to several different
ethnic groups. The Afghans have two official languages, Pashto and Dari, but
they also speak several others.


SLIDE 12 – Canada in Afghanistan

Canada is taking a whole-of-government approach toward assisting Afghanistan.
This approach brings together diplomacy, development and defence in a
coordinated effort to help stabilize the country, strengthen the Afghan
government and reduce poverty. Other government departments working with
DND/CF include the Department of Foreign Affairs, the Canadian International
Development Agency, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and Corrections
Canada.

Canada is in Afghanistan at the request of the democratically elected Afghan
government, to help the Afghan people, who suffered grievously under Taliban
rule. We are there to help build a stable, democratic and self-sufficient society.

The mission in Afghanistan is a priority for the United Nations and our allies in
NATO.12 We are there with more than 35 countries. As a responsible ally and
member of the international community, Canada is shouldering its share of the
burden in this mission.
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SLIDE 13 – The Canadian Forces in Afghanistan

Since October 2001, Canada has deployed over 20 warships and more than
18,000 sailors, soldiers and air force personnel in the international campaign
against terrorism. The current Canadian Forces contribution to Afghanistan13
consists of more than 2500 personnel from units across Canada and is referred
to as “Task Force Afghanistan”.
CF members in Afghanistan perform many tasks, including providing security,
conducting disarmament programs, rebuilding communities and aiding civil authorities.
Task Force Afghanistan is subdivided into 3 distinct missions: Op ATHENA, Op
ARCHER and Op ARGUS.
Op ATHENA is Canada’s contribution to the UN-authorized, NATO-led mission in
Afghanistan, known as the International Security Assistance Force or ISAF. It is
Canada’s largest mission in Afghanistan and is located primarily in Kandahar, in
the south of Afghanistan.
Canada is fielding a battle group as part of Op ATHENA, as well as a Provincial
Reconstruction Team, commonly called PRT, among other elements. The PRT
brings together members of the Canadian Forces and civilian workers from other
government departments in a whole-of-government effort to assist in the
stabilization and development of the Kandahar region.
Op ARCHER is the Canadian contribution to the U.S.-led Operation Enduring
Freedom in Afghanistan. CF members on this mission are primarily engaged in
helping to train the Afghan National Army and the Afghan National Police forces
in order to increase security.
Op ARGUS is the name given to the Strategic Advisory Team in Afghanistan.
This team consists of CF members and civilian personnel who consult with the
Afghan government and provide planning support to government ministries and
working groups.

Operation ALTAIR, although independent from these three, is worth mentioning.
It is the contribution of Canadian warships to the U.S.-led coalition fleet
conducting anti-terrorist operations in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea under
Operation ENDURING FREEDOM. Her Majesty’s Canadian ships -- usually
Halifax-class patrol frigates -- often deploy individually and are integrated into
U.S. Navy carrier strike groups enroute to an area of operation. Deployments on
Operation ALTAIR are about six months apart.

The naval presence expressed in Op ALTAIR shows Canada’s continuing
commitment to international security and the campaign against terrorism. Also, it
significantly enhances the interoperability of the Canadian and U.S. navies.
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SLIDE 14 – Members of the Canadian Forces

Now we come to the conclusion of my presentation, with a quick look at the
people who make up the Canadian Forces.

People are the most important resources the military has. Put simply, the tanks,
ships and planes cannot operate WITHOUT people.

There are more than 100 different careers and occupations to choose from in the
Canadian Forces, from soldiers, sailors, and aircrew, and from doctors, nurses,
bio-scientists, divers, mechanics, pilots, IT technicians, engineers, and more to
ensure that we are able to fulfill our mission.

There are also approximately 25,000 part-time soldiers, including 4000 Canadian
Rangers, who make up the Reserve Force. Reservists work in civilian careers,
and devote a portion of their time to military service. They are reinforcements for
the Regular Force, and take part in training exercises across the country.

Finally, the Canadian Forces also supports programs for youth, such as the
Cadets and the Junior Canadian Rangers, which help to teach leadership and
citizenship skills to young Canadians.

There is a lot of travelling and excitement among our serious work, and
phenomenal opportunities to make a difference. The relationships that we
develop and the friendships that we nurture, are second to none.


SLIDE 15 – Your Experiences

(Use this slide to talk about your own experiences as a CF member. If you
don’t like the picture, replace it with one of your own. Tell your story.)


SLIDE 16 – Questions?

Now, before I to open the floor to questions, I’d like to encourage you to visit the
Canadian Forces website, www.forces.gc.ca for more information on anything
you’ve heard about today, and to take the opportunity to send a message to the
CF members currently deployed overseas, by using the Write to the Troops
message board.
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1
  See “About DND/CF” section at http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/about/index_e.asp for further basic
information for this section.
2
  MND website: http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/Minister/index_e.asp
3
  CDS website: http://www.cds.forces.gc.ca/intro_e.asp
4
  ADM (HR-Civ) Diversity website: http://hr.ottawa-hull.mil.ca/diversity-diversite
5
  Navy reference materials: http://www.navy.forces.gc.ca/cms_strat/strat-
reference_e.asp?category=48&id=283
6
  Army reference materials: http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lf/English/6_3.asp
7
  Intro to the Air Force: http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/today5_e.asp
8
  CF Transformation site: http://www.cds.forces.gc.ca/cft-tfc/intro_e.asp
9
  NORAD website: http://www.norad.mil/
10
   Current Operations page: http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/Operations/current_ops_e.asp . The map on the
website is clickable and downloadable if you need to update your presentation.
11
   Protecting Canadians, Rebuilding Afghanistan website contains links about GoC involvement in
Afghanistan. http://www.canada-afghanistan.gc.ca
12
   NATO ISAF website: http://www2.hq.nato.int/isaf/
13
   CF in Afghanistan backgrounder: http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/newsroom/view_news_e.asp?id=1703

				
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