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Scroll Compressor Having Different Tip Clearances For Spiral Bodies Having Different Heights - Patent 6659745

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Scroll Compressor Having Different Tip Clearances For Spiral Bodies Having Different Heights - Patent 6659745 Powered By Docstoc
					


United States Patent: 6659745


































 
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	United States Patent 
	6,659,745



 Fujita
,   et al.

 
December 9, 2003




 Scroll compressor having different tip clearances for spiral bodies having
     different heights



Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a scroll compressor which
     can improve the decrease in the compression ratio due to the leakage of
     compressed gas via a tip clearance between adjacent compression chambers,
     which can be assembled with fewer processes, and which can be manufactured
     at a low cost. In order to achieve the object, the present invention
     provides: a scroll compressor comprising a fixed scroll member which is
     fixed in position and has a spiral wall body provided on one surface of an
     end plate; an orbiting scroll member which has a spiral wall body provided
     on one surface of an end plate, being supported by engaging the spiral
     wall bodies so as to orbit and revolve around the fixed scroll member
     without rotation; the spiral wall bodies of the fixed scroll member and
     the orbiting scroll member each comprise a step portion which divides a
     top edge of the spiral wall body into plural parts forming a low top edge
     at the center and a high top edge at the outer end of the spiral wall
     body; and the end plates of the fixed scroll member and the orbiting
     scroll member each comprise a step portion which divides the end plate
     into a high part at the center and a low part at the outer end of the end
     plate; wherein at least one of a clearance between the high part of the
     end plate of the fixed scroll member and the low top edge of the spiral
     wall body of the orbiting scroll member, and a clearance between the high
     part of the end plate of the orbiting scroll member and the low top edge
     of the spiral wall body of the fixed scroll member is a fixed value.


 
Inventors: 
 Fujita; Katsuhiro (Nishi-kasugai-gun, JP), Takeuchi; Makoto (Nagoya, JP) 
 Assignee:


Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
 (Tokyo, 
JP)





Appl. No.:
                    
 10/198,992
  
Filed:
                      
  July 22, 2002


Foreign Application Priority Data   
 

Jul 24, 2001
[JP]
2001-222736



 



  
Current U.S. Class:
  418/55.2  ; 418/55.4
  
Current International Class: 
  F04C 18/02&nbsp(20060101); F04C 018/04&nbsp()
  
Field of Search: 
  
  


 418/5,55.2,55.4
  

References Cited  [Referenced By]
U.S. Patent Documents
 
 
 
4457674
July 1984
Kawano et al.

4472120
September 1984
McCullough

4477238
October 1984
Terauchi

4701115
October 1987
Shimizu et al.

4722676
February 1988
Sugimoto

5505595
April 1996
Fukui

5545020
August 1996
Fukanuma et al.

5569028
October 1996
Yamamura et al.



 Foreign Patent Documents
 
 
 
59-176483
Oct., 1884
JP

60-17956
May., 1985
JP

61-8404
Jan., 1986
JP

4-121483
Apr., 1992
JP

4-311693
Nov., 1992
JP

8-28461
Jan., 1996
JP

9-112456
May., 1997
JP



   Primary Examiner:  Vrablik; John J.


  Attorney, Agent or Firm: Oblon, Spivak, McClelland, Maier & Neustadt, P.C.



Claims  

What is claimed is:

1.  A scroll compressor comprising: a fixed scroll member fixed in position and having a spiral wall body provided on one surface of an end plate;  an orbiting scroll member
having a spiral wall body provided on one surface of an end plate, the orbiting scroll member supported by engaging the spiral wall bodies so as to orbit and revolve around the fixed scroll member without rotation;  the spiral wall bodies of the fixed
scroll member and the orbiting scroll member each comprise a step portion which divides a top edge of the respective spiral wall body into plural parts forming a low top edge at the center and a high top edge at the outer end of the spiral wall body; 
and the end plates of the fixed scroll member and the orbiting scroll member each comprise a step portion which divides the respective end plate into a high part at the center and a low part at the outer end of the end plate;  wherein at least one of a
clearance between the high part of the end plate of the fixed scroll member and the low top edge of the spiral wall body of the orbiting scroll member, and a clearance between the high part of the end plate of the orbiting scroll member and the low top
edge of the spiral wall body of the fixed scroll member is a fixed value, and wherein grooves having a depth are formed on the top edges of the spiral wall bodies, first and second tip seals having a depth and adapted to seal borders between the top
edges of the spiral wall bodies and the end plates which are opposite the spiral wall bodies are fit into the grooves, and at least one of the first tip seal which is fit into the groove on the high top edge of the spiral wall body of the orbiting scroll
member corresponding to the low part of the end plate of the fixed scroll member, and the second tip seal which is fit into the groove on the high top edge of the spiral wall body of the fixed scroll member corresponding to the low part of the end plate
of the orbiting scroll member, protrudes from the high top edge of the respective spiral body, the depths of the first and second tip seals are greater than the depth of the corresponding groove.


2.  A scroll compressor according to claim 1, wherein when a tip clearance between the low part of the end plates and the high top edge of the spiral wall bodies corresponding to the low part of the end plates is defined as .delta.1, and when a
tip clearance between the high part of the end plates and the low top edge of the spiral wall bodies corresponding to the high part of the end plates is defined as .delta.2, the relation .delta.1<.delta.2 is established.


3.  A scroll compressor according to claim 2, wherein (.delta.2-.delta.1) is between about 10 .mu.m and about 40 .mu.m.  Description  

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


1.  Field of the Invention


The present invention relates to a scroll compressor which is installed in an air conditioner, a refrigerator, or the like, and in particular, a scroll compressor comprising characteristic scroll members.


2.  Description of the Related Art


In conventional scroll compressors, a fixed scroll and an orbiting scroll are provided by engaging their spiral wall bodies, and fluid inside a compression chamber, which has a crescent shape and is formed between the spiral wall bodies, is
compressed by gradually reducing the volume of the compression chamber as the orbiting scroll revolves around the fixed scroll.


The compression ratio in the design of the scroll compressor is determined based on the ratio of the maximum volume of the compression chamber (the volume at the point when the compression chamber is formed by the engaging of the spiral wall
bodies) with respect to the minimum volume of the compression chamber (the volume immediately before the spiral wall bodies become unengaged and the compression chamber disappears).  Conventionally, in order to increase the compression ability of the
scroll compressor, the number of windings of the spiral wall bodies of both scrolls is increased, and thereby the cross-sectional area of the compression chamber at maximum volume is increased.  However, in the conventional method of increasing the
number of windings of the spiral wall bodies, the external shape of the scrolls is enlarged, increasing the size of the compressor; for this reason, it is difficult to use this method in an air conditioner for vehicles and the like which have strict size
limitations.


In an attempt to solve the problem, the publication of Japanese Patent No. 1296431 proposes the following scroll compressor comprising stepwise scroll members.


FIG. 4A shows a fixed scroll 1 of the above patent comprising an end plate 1a and a spiral wall body 1b provided on one side surface of the end plate 1a.  FIG. 4B shows an orbiting scroll 2 similarly comprising an end plate 2a and a spiral wall
body 2b provided on one side surface of the end plate 2a.


A step portion 3 is provided on the surface of the end plate 1a of the fixed scroll 1.  The step portion 3 has two parts in which one is a high part at the center of the surface of the end plate 1a and the other is a low part at the outer end of
the end plate 1a.  Furthermore, a step portion 4, corresponding to the step portion 3 of the end plate 1a, is provided in the spiral wall body 1b of the fixed scroll 1.  The step portion 4 has two parts in which one is a low part at the center of the
spiral wall body 1b and the other is a high part at the outer end of the spiral wall body 1b.  Similarly, a step portion 3 is provided on the surface of the end plate 2a of the orbiting scroll 2.  The step portion 3 has two parts in which one is a high
part at the center of the surface of the end plate 2a and the other is a low part at the outer end of the end plate 2a.  Furthermore, a step portion 4, corresponding to the step portion 3, is provided in the spiral wall body 2b of the orbiting scroll 2. 
The step portion 4 has two parts in which one is a low part at the center of the spiral wall body 2b and the other is a high part at the outer end of the spiral wall body 2b.


FIG. 5 shows the state when the spiral wall body 1b of the fixed scroll 1 and the spiral wall body 2b of the orbiting scroll 2 are engaged.  While this engagement state is maintained, the orbiting scroll 2 is revolved eccentrically with respect
to the fixed scroll 1, and the volume of compression chambers C1 to C5, which are formed by the spiral wall bodies 1b and 2b, gradually decreases.  Thereby, fluid in the compression chambers C1 to C5 is gradually compressed, and finally the fluid is
discharged at a high pressure from a discharge port 5 provided at the center of the end plate 1a of the fixed scroll 1.  In the scroll compressor comprising such a structure, since the volume of the compression chamber suddenly decreases because of the
existence of the step portions 3 and 3, the minimum volume in the compression chambers can be reduced.  Thereby, without an increase in the size of both the fixed scroll 1 and the orbiting scroll 2, the compression ratio can be improved.


However, in the scroll compressor comprising the fixed scroll 1 and the orbiting scroll 2 comprising the step portions 3 and 3, a tip clearance (not shown in figures) is formed between the end plate 1a of the fixed scroll 1 and the top edge of
the spiral wall body 2b of the orbiting scroll 2, and between the end plate 2a of the orbiting scroll 2 and the top edge of the spiral wall body 1b of the fixed scroll 1.  If the tip clearance is too small, the smooth revolution of the orbiting scroll 2
with respect to the fixed scroll 1 is inhibited, and a power increase may be caused.  In addition, when the scroll compressor is operated at high temperatures, the spiral wall bodies 1b and 2b of the fixed scroll 1 and the orbiting scroll 2 expand, the
top edge of the spiral wall bodies 1b and 2b and the end plates 1a and 2a make firmly contact, and thereby, abrasion or seizure may occur.


Furthermore, as described above, since the volume of the compression chambers suddenly decreases due to the existence of the step portions 3 and 3, the differential pressure between in the compression chambers at the center and the compression
chambers at the outer end, with respect to the step portions 3 and 3 is relatively large.


In contrast, if the tip clearance is too large, the amount of leakage of the compressed gas, which flows via the tip clearance between the adjacent compression chambers increases, and there are cases in which the compression ability of the scroll
compressor is degraded.


Therefore, it is necessary for the tip clearance to be adjusted in a suitable range.  In conventional scroll compressors, a tip clearance at any position in the spiral direction of the spiral wall bodies 1b and 2b is adjusted to a substantially
fixed value.  In other words, if the tip clearance between the end plates 1a and 2a and the top edge of the spiral wall bodies 1b and 2b at the low part of the end plates 1a and 2a (outer end of the end plates 1a and 2a with respect to the step portions
3 and 3) is defined as .delta.1, and the tip clearance between the end plates 1a and 2a and the top edge of the spiral wall bodies 1b and 2b at the high part of the end plates 1a and 2a (center position of the end plates 1a and 2a with respect to the
step portions 3 and 3) is defined as .delta.2, in conventional scroll compressors, the relation .delta.1=.delta.2 is established.


However, in order to satisfy the relation .delta.1=.delta.2, it is necessary to improve the working precision of the fixed scroll 1 and the orbiting scroll 2, and measure .delta.1 and .delta.2 during the assembly processes.  A large number of
man-hours is required, and an increase in the cost cannot be avoided.


In consideration of the above-described problems, it is an object of the present invention to provide a scroll compressor which can improve the decrease in the compression ratio due to the leakage of compressed gas via the tip clearance between
the adjacent compression chambers, which can be assembled with a fewer processes, and which can be manufactured at a low cost.


SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


One aspect of the present invention is a scroll compressor comprising a fixed scroll member which is fixed in position and has a spiral wall body provided on one surface of an end plate; an orbiting scroll member which has a spiral wall body
provided on one surface of an end plate, being supported by engaging the spiral wall bodies so as to orbit and revolve around the fixed scroll member without rotation; the spiral wall bodies of the fixed scroll member and the orbiting scroll member each
comprise a step portion which divides a top edge of the spiral wall body into plural parts forming a low top edge at the center and a high top edge at the outer end of the spiral wall body; and the end plates of the fixed scroll member and the orbiting
scroll member each comprise a step portion which divides the end plate into a high part at the center and a low part at the outer end of the end plate; wherein at least one of a clearance between the high part of the end plate of the fixed scroll member
and the low top edge of the spiral wall body of the orbiting scroll member, and a clearance between the high part of the end plate of the orbiting scroll member and the low top edge of the spiral wall body of the fixed scroll member is a fixed value.


According to this scroll compressor, since the scroll compressor is assembled only by adjusting a clearance .delta.2 between the high part of the end plate and low top edge of the spiral wall body to a fixed value, the working of the fixed scroll
member and the orbiting scroll member is easy and the assembly of the scroll compressor is relatively easy.


In the scroll compressor, when the tip clearance between the low part of the end plates and the high top edge of the spiral wall bodies corresponding to the low part is defined as .delta.1, and the tip clearance between the high part of the end
plates and the low top edge of the spiral wall bodies corresponding to the high part of the end plates is defined as .delta.2, it is preferable to establish the relation .delta.1<.delta.2.


Here, the tip clearances .delta.1 and .delta.2 during operation are defined as .delta.1d and .delta.2d.  As described above, during operation, the volume of the compression chambers at the center with respect to the step portion suddenly
decreases, and the pressure of the compression chambers suddenly increases.  Therefore, in the temperature distribution of the scroll members, the temperature at the center of the scroll members is higher than that at the outer end of the scroll members.


In other words, due to expansion by heat of the scroll members, the tip clearance .delta.2d at the high temperature side during operation, that is, the tip clearance .delta.2d at the center of the scroll members during operation, is smaller than
the tip clearance .delta.2 which is determined in the assembly process.


In contrast, since the tip clearance .delta.1d at the outer end of the scroll members during operation does not decrease as compared with the tip clearance .delta.2d at the center of the scroll members, the tip clearances .delta.1d and .delta.2d
during operation level off, and an excellent performance for scroll compressors can be obtained.  That is, it is possible to prevent the leakage of the compressed gas and to improve the refrigeration ability.


In addition, in the scroll compressor, it is preferable for a groove to be formed on the top edge of the spiral wall bodies, for a tip seal for sealing the border between the top edge of the spiral wall bodies and the end plates which are
opposite the spiral wall bodies to be fit into the groove, and for at least one of a tip seal which is fit into the groove on the high top edge of the spiral wall body of the orbiting scroll member corresponding to the low part of the end plate of the
fixed scroll member, and another tip seal which is fit into the groove on the high top edge of the spiral wall body of the fixed scroll member corresponding to the low part of the end plate of the orbiting scroll member, protrudes from the high top edge
of the spiral body.


According to the scroll compressor, a tip seal for sealing the border between the top edge of the spiral wall bodies and the end plates which are opposite the spiral wall bodies is provided on the top edge of the spiral wall bodies so as to
protrude from the top edge of the spiral wall bodies.  In general, the high pressure compressed gas near the center of the spiral wall bodies enters between the tip seal and the inside surface of the groove and reaches the gap between the bottom surface
of the tip seal and the bottom surface of the groove.  Then, the compressed gas applies a back pressure to the bottom surface of the tip seal and thereby the tip seal is pressed upward.  Then, the tip seal provided in the top edge of the spiral wall body
contacts the end plate, and it seals the border between the top edge of the spiral wall body and the end plate.  In the scroll compressor comprising stepwise spiral wall bodies, for example, the tip seal provided in the spiral wall body of the fixed
scroll member is divided into two parts in which one is provided at the center and the other is provided at the outer end of the spiral wall body, with respect to the step portion.  Since, the pressure of the working gas in the compression chamber at the
outer end of the spiral wall body is lower compared with the pressure of the working gas in the compression chamber at the center of the spiral wall body, the back pressure applied to the tip seal which is provided at the outer end of the spiral wall
body is also lower than that applied to the tip seal which is provided at the center of the spiral wall body.  Therefore, the seal ability is improved by making the tip seal protrude from the high top edge at the outer end of the spiral wall body in
advance, and the refrigerating ability of the scroll compressor is improved. 

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS


FIG. 1 is a side cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the scroll compressor according to the present invention.


FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the state in which the fixed scroll and the orbiting scroll of FIG. 1 are engaged.


FIG. 3 shows a fixed end plate of the fixed scroll of FIG. 1 and a top edge of a spiral wall body of the orbiting scroll of FIG. 1; FIG. 3A is a partial enlarged view showing the part denoted by A in FIG. 2, FIG. 3B is a partial enlarged view
showing the part denoted by B in FIG. 2, and FIG. 3C is a partial enlarged view showing the part denoted by A in FIG. 2 for the case when a tip seal is attached.


FIG. 4A is a perspective view of a fixed scroll provided in a conventional scroll compressor.


FIG. 4B is a perspective view of an orbiting scroll provided in a conventional scroll compressor.


FIG. 5 shows the state in which the fixed scroll and the orbiting scroll of FIGS. 4A and 4B are engaged for the case when viewed from the axis passing through the center of the spiral wall bodies. 

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION


An embodiment of the scroll compressor according to the present invention will be explained with reference to the figures.  However, of course, the scroll compressor of the present invention is not limited to the following embodiments.


First Embodiment


As shown in FIG. 1, the scroll compressor of this embodiment comprises a housing 100, a fixed scroll member 101 fixed in the housing 100, an orbiting scroll member 102 provided in the housing 100 so as to revolve with respect to the fixed scroll
101, a front case (cover) 105 fixed to the open end of the housing 100, which prevents the orbiting scroll member 102 from moving as a result of the thrust generated by the revolution of the orbiting scroll member 102, and a shaft 103 for revolving the
orbiting scroll member 102.


In the shaft 103, a crank pin 103a, of which axis b is eccentric with respect to axis a of the shaft 103, is provided.  The crank pin 103a is inserted in and indirectly connected with a boss 102c which is provided at the center of the orbiting
scroll member 102.


The fixed scroll member 101 comprises a fixed end plate (end plate) 101a and a spiral wall body 101b provided on one surface of the fixed end plate 101a.  Similarly, the orbiting scroll member 102 comprises an orbiting end plate (end plate) 102a
and a spiral wall body 102b provided on one surface of the orbiting end plate 102a.


In addition, on the surface of the fixed end plate 101a of the fixed scroll member 101, on which the spiral wall body 101b is provided, a step portion is provided comprising two parts in which one is a high part at the center of the surface of
the fixed end plate 101a and the other is a low part at the outer end of the surface of the fixed end plate 101a.  Similarly, on the surface of the orbiting end plate 102a of the orbiting scroll member 102, on which the spiral wall body 102b is provided,
a step portion is provided comprising two parts in which one is a high part at the center of the surface of the orbiting end plate 102a and the other is a low part at the outer end of the surface of the orbiting end plate 102a.  Moreover, the step
portions, which are provided on the surfaces of the fixed end plate 101a and the orbiting end plate 102a, are omitted in FIG. 1.


This structure will be explained in detail with reference to FIG. 2.  As shown in FIG. 2, the fixed end plate 101a of the fixed scroll 101 comprises two parts in which one is a high part 101d at the center of the surface of the end plate 101a and
the other is a low part 101e at the outer end of the surface of the end plate 101a, with respect to the step portion.  Similarly, the orbiting end plate 102a of the orbiting scroll 102 comprises two parts in which one is a high part 102d at the center of
the surface of the surface of the end plate 102a and the other is a low part 102e at the outer end of the surface of the end plate 102a, with respect to the step portion.


Furthermore, the spiral wall body 101b of the fixed scroll member 101 comprises two parts, corresponding to the step portion of the orbiting end plate 102a.  That is, the spiral wall body 101b comprises two parts in which one is a low part at the
center thereof and the other is a high part at the outer end thereof.  Similarly, the spiral wall body 102b of the orbiting scroll member 102 comprises two parts, corresponding to the step portion of the fixed end plate 101a.  That is, the spiral wall
body 102b comprises two parts in which one is a low part at the center thereof and the other is a high part at the outer end thereof.


The structure of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b will be explained in detail with reference to FIG. 2.  The top edge of the spiral wall body 101b of the fixed scroll member 101 comprises two parts in which one is a low top edge 101f and the
other is a high top edge 101g.  The low top edge 101f is the top edge of the low part of the spiral wall body 101b, which is provided at the center of the spiral wall body 101b.  The high top edge 101g is the top edge of the high part of the spiral wall
body 101b, which is provided at the outer end of the spiral wall body 101b.  A connecting edge of a step portion stands perpendicular to the surface of the spiral wall body 101b and connects between the adjacent low top edge 101f and high top edge 101g. 
Similarly, the top edge of the spiral wall body 102b of the orbiting scroll member 102 comprises two parts in which one is a low top edge 102f and the other is a high top edge 102g.  The low top edge 102f is the top edge of the low part of the spiral
wall body 102b, which is provided at the center of the spiral wall body 102b.  The high top edge 102g is the top edge of the high part of the spiral wall body 102b, which is provided at the outer end of the spiral wall body 102b.  A connecting edge of a
step portion stands perpendicular to the surface of the spiral wall body 102b and connects between the adjacent low top edge 102f and high top edge 102g.


When the orbiting scroll member 102 is engaged with the fixed scroll member 101, the low top edge 102f of the spiral wall body 102b contacts the high part 101d of the fixed end plate 101a, and the high top edge 102g of the spiral wall body 102b
contacts the low part 101e of the fixed end plate 101a.  Simultaneously, the high top edge 101g of the spiral wall body 101b contacts the low part 102e of the orbiting end plate 102a, and the low top edge 101f of the spiral wall body 101b contacts the
high part 102d of the orbiting end plate 102a.  Thereby, between the fixed scroll member 101 and the orbiting scroll member 102, a plurality of compression chambers C are formed, which are enclosed by the fixed and orbiting end plates 101a and 102a,
which are opposite each other, and the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b.


When the orbiting scroll member 102 revolves with respect to the fixed scroll member 101 by the rotation of the shaft 103, each of the compression chambers C moves from the outer end toward the center, as the orbiting scroll 102 revolves.  The
gas in the compression chambers C is gradually compressed by the gradual decrease of the volume of the compression chambers C, and finally the gas is discharged from a discharge port 104 provided at the center of the fixed end plate 101a.


In the scroll compressor, a tip clearance (not shown in figures) for maintaining the smooth revolution of the orbiting scroll member 102 with respect to the fixed scroll member 101 is formed between the fixed end plate 101a and the spiral wall
body 102b, and between the orbiting end plate 102a and the spiral wall body 101b.  In the scroll compressor of this embodiment, the tip clearance is adjusted by a distinctive method.  In addition, the tip clearance of the scroll compressor of this
embodiment has a distinctive size.


Below, an assembly method of the scroll compressor of this embodiment will be explained with reference to FIG. 1.  The housing 100 and the fixed scroll member 101 have already been fixed by a bolt (not shown in FIG. 1).  While this state is
maintained, a distance H2 between the flange surface 100a of the housing 100 and the center part 101c of the surface of the fixed end plate 101b is measured.


In addition, the orbiting scroll member 102 has already been fixed on the front case 105.  While this state is maintained, a distance H1 between the flange surface 105a of the front case 105 and the low top edge 102f of the spiral wall body 102b
of the orbiting scroll member 102 is measured.


Here, in order to achieve the desired distance (tip clearance .delta.2 explained below), a shim (not shown in FIG. 1) having a thickness of S satisfying the relation H2+S-H1=.delta.2 is selected, and the shim is inserted between the flange
surface 100a of the housing 100 and the flange surface 105a of the front case 105.


As shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, when the tip clearance between the low part 101e of the fixed end plate 101a and the high top edge 102g of the spiral wall body 102b corresponding to the low part 101e is defined as .delta.1, and the tip clearance
between the high part 101d of the fixed end plate 101a and the low top edge 102f of the spiral wall body 102b corresponding to the high part 101d is defined as .delta.2, in the scroll compressor of this embodiment, the relation .delta.1<.delta.2 is
established.  Specifically, in the scroll compressor of this embodiment, .delta.1 is in a range from 30 to 50 .mu.m, and .delta.2 is in a range from 60 to 70 .mu.m.


In order to adjust .delta.1 and .delta.2 so as to satisfy this relation, the fixed and orbiting scroll members 101 and 102 are designed so as to maintain the relation .delta.1<.delta.2.  However, since the fixed and orbiting scroll members 101
and 102 have an assemble allowable error, when the fixed and orbiting scroll members 101 and 102 are assembled, all of the fixed and orbiting scroll members 101 and 102 may not satisfy the relation .delta.1<.delta.2.  Therefore, during assembling, the
position of the fixed and orbiting scroll members 101 and 102 are adjusted so as to maintain .delta.2.  Thereby, it is possible to assemble the scroll compressor so as to maintain the relation .delta.1<.delta.2.


Similarly, when the tip clearance between the low part 102e of the orbiting end plate 102a and the high top edge 101g of the spiral wall body 101b corresponding to the low part 102e is defined as .delta.1, and the tip clearance between the high
part 102d of the orbiting end plate 102a and the low top edge 101f of the spiral wall body 101b corresponding to the high part 102d is defined as .delta.2, in the scroll compressor of this embodiment, the relation .delta.1<.delta.2 is established. 
Specifically, in the scroll compressor of this embodiment, .delta.1 is in a range from 40 to 60 .mu.m, and .delta.2 is in a range from 70 to 80 .mu.m.


The temperature and the pressure of the compressed gas reach a maximum level at the center of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b.  Thereby, due to the compressed gas which is at a high temperature and a high pressure, in particular, the spiral
wall bodies 101b and 102b expand at the center thereof.  .delta.2 is set such that when the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b expand at the centers thereof, .delta.2 is a minimum, but is not 0.  In contrast, the temperature and the pressure of the
compressed gas are relatively low at the outer end of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b.  However, the expansion of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b is taken into consideration, and .delta.1 is set such that when the spiral wall bodies 101b and
102b expand at the outer ends thereof, .delta.1 is a minimum, but is not 0.  As a result of this setting of .delta.1 and .delta.2, .delta.1 and .delta.2 are substantially equal and at a minimum, but are not 0 during operation.  Thereby, it is possible to
prevent the compressed gas from leaking, and to improve the refrigerating ability of the scroll compressor.


Second Embodiment


In the scroll compressor of this embodiment, on the top edges of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b, that is, on the low top edge 101f and the high top edge 101g of the spiral wall body 101b and the low top edge 102f and the high top edge 102g
of the spiral wall body 102b, grooves are formed, and tip seals for sealing the border between the top edges of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b and the end plates 101a and 102a which are opposite the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b are fit into the
grooves.  The tip seal of the scroll compressor of this embodiment has a distinctive size, and distinctive grooves are formed on the high top edges 101g and 102g which are the outer ends of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b.


Specifically, as shown in FIG. 3C, a groove 102h is formed on the high top edge 102g of the spiral wall body 102b.  In addition, a tip seal 300 is fit into the groove 102h.  When the depth of the groove 102h is defined as d2, and the depth of the
tip seal 300 is defined as d1, in the scroll compressor of this embodiment, the relation d1>d2 is established.


When d1 and d2 satisfy this relation, the tip seal 300 provided on the high top edge 102g protrudes from the high top edge 102g of the spiral wall body 102b.  The following effects can be obtained from this structure.  In general, the high
pressure compressed gas near the center of the spiral wall bodies 101b and 102b enters between the tip seal 300 and the inside surface of the groove 102h and reach a gap 301 between the bottom surface of the tip seal 300 and the bottom surface of the
groove 102h.  Then, the compressed gas applies a back pressure to the bottom surface of the tip seal 300 and thereby the tip seal 300 is pressed upward.  Then, the tip seal 300 provided on the high top edge 102g of the spiral wall body 102b contacts the
low part 101e of the fixed end plate 101a, and it seals the border between the high top edge 102g and the low part 101e.  However, in the scroll compressor comprising the stepwise spiral wall bodies, for example, the tip seal 300 provided on the spiral
wall body 102b of the orbiting scroll member 102 is divided into two parts in which one is provided at the center and the other is provided at the outer end of the spiral wall body 102, with respect to the step portion.  Since, the pressure of the
working gas in the compression chamber at the outer end of the spiral wall body 102 is lower compared with the pressure of the working gas in the compression chamber at the center of the spiral wall body 102, the back pressure applied to the tip seal 300
which is provided at the outer end of the spiral wall body 102 is also lower.  Therefore, the seal ability is improved by making the tip seals 300 protrude from the high top edges 101g and 102g which are the outer end of the spiral wall bodies 101b and
102b in advance, and the refrigerating ability of the scroll compressor is improved.  Moreover, in this embodiment, the protruding distance (d1-d2) is preferably 20 .mu.m, which is smaller than .delta.1 of the first embodiment.


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DOCUMENT INFO
Description: 1. Field of the InventionThe present invention relates to a scroll compressor which is installed in an air conditioner, a refrigerator, or the like, and in particular, a scroll compressor comprising characteristic scroll members.2. Description of the Related ArtIn conventional scroll compressors, a fixed scroll and an orbiting scroll are provided by engaging their spiral wall bodies, and fluid inside a compression chamber, which has a crescent shape and is formed between the spiral wall bodies, iscompressed by gradually reducing the volume of the compression chamber as the orbiting scroll revolves around the fixed scroll.The compression ratio in the design of the scroll compressor is determined based on the ratio of the maximum volume of the compression chamber (the volume at the point when the compression chamber is formed by the engaging of the spiral wallbodies) with respect to the minimum volume of the compression chamber (the volume immediately before the spiral wall bodies become unengaged and the compression chamber disappears). Conventionally, in order to increase the compression ability of thescroll compressor, the number of windings of the spiral wall bodies of both scrolls is increased, and thereby the cross-sectional area of the compression chamber at maximum volume is increased. However, in the conventional method of increasing thenumber of windings of the spiral wall bodies, the external shape of the scrolls is enlarged, increasing the size of the compressor; for this reason, it is difficult to use this method in an air conditioner for vehicles and the like which have strict sizelimitations.In an attempt to solve the problem, the publication of Japanese Patent No. 1296431 proposes the following scroll compressor comprising stepwise scroll members.FIG. 4A shows a fixed scroll 1 of the above patent comprising an end plate 1a and a spiral wall body 1b provided on one side surface of the end plate 1a. FIG. 4B shows an orbiting scroll 2 similarly compr