Bloom's Taxonomy for Students

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					  Third & Fourth Grade Library
    Media Frameworks with
    Integrated 3 /4 Grade
                 rd th


  Benchmark Released Items


2007 Edition Frameworks/ 2003-2008 ACTAAP Released items
                                                  Library Media Framework


Strand                           Content Standard
Inquiry
  1. Identify and Access     Students shall identify, locate, and retrieve appropriate resources for a variety of purposes.
  2. Evaluate                Students shall evaluate resources for appropriateness of information.
Application
  3. Organize                Students shall apply critical thinking skills and organize information to obtain knowledge.
  4. Utilize                 Students shall apply information and use resources to fulfill a purpose.
  5. Collaborate             Students shall work cooperatively to pursue a goal.
  6. Communicate             Students shall exchange information and ideas effectively and responsibly.
Connection
                             Students shall pursue opportunities for individual growth and lifelong learning through
  7. Read
                             reading.
  8. Associate               Students shall make connections to the academic environment and the real world.
  9. Reflect                 Students shall examine their learning experiences for improvement.

*The Library Media Framework document is to be used in collaboration with other framework documents to accomplish
the stated student learning expectations. Library Media Specialists and classroom teachers should work together in order
to meet the stated goals in this document.
 Text in Blue are released items from the 2003-2008 Released Benchmark Items. This was accessed through Arkansas Department of
Education and The Learning Institute.
                                                     Bloom’s Taxonomy for Students
                                Six levels of thinking and process verbs for inquiries at each thinking level.

                                                    Knowledge- Do you know it? Check the facts.
                                                       -tell, define, list name, memorize, label

                                              Comprehension- Do you understand it? Know the meaning.
                                                 -describe, discuss, explain, retell, translate, reword

                                      Application- Can you use it to do something else? Solve problems.
                                                 -apply, dramatize, illustrate, interview, build

                                               Analysis- Can you break it down into parts? Examine it.
                                                -inspect, analyze, compare, classify, dissect, examine

                                               Evaluation- Can you make a judgment? Make a decision.
                                                   -decide, judge, recommend, grade, evaluate, rate

                                       Synthesis- Can you create or invent something new? Be creative.
                                               -compose, invent, create, design, build, construct
Adapted from Anderson and Krathwohl, 2001 .
Strand: Inquiry
     Standard 1: Identify and Access
                Students shall identify, locate, and retrieve appropriate resources for a variety of purposes.

I.1.3.1/ I.1.4.1-Locate the library media center for a purpose and identify library media center personnel

 I.1.3.2/ I.1.4.2- Recognize how a library is organized and arranged to locate materials
       In major sections (e.g., easy, fiction, nonfiction, reference, periodicals, biography, special collections)
       Alphabetically by using the first three letters of author’s last name
     By Dewey Decimal Classification System—numerically by subject

Where would this passage most likely be found in a library?          In which section of the media center would you look to find this passage?
A. in the reference section in a thesaurus                           A. fiction
* B. in the nonfiction section about cooking                         B. poetry
C. in the fiction section under “D” for Dore                         C. biography
D. in the fiction section under “C” for cookies                      *D. nonfiction

In which area of the library would the passage be found?
                                                                     Where would this passage be found in the library?
A poetry
                                                                     A. in the nonfiction section about quilts
≥ B fiction
                                                                     * B. in the fiction section under “E” for Ernst
C reference
                                                                     C. in the fiction section under “J” for Johnson
D nonfiction
                                                                     D. in the nonfiction section about flying geese


I.1.3.3- Demonstrate knowledge of policies and procedures (e.g., check-out/check-in policy)

 I.1.4.3- Demonstrate knowledge of policies and procedures (e.g., acceptable use policy (AUP), circulation policy,
copyright laws)

I.1.3.4- Recognize and use parts of a book to locate information
      Verso page

When I was a child, the title of my favorite book was lassie.
Which underlined word should be capitalized in the sentence above?
A. child
B. title
C. book
  * D. lassie
I.1.4.4- Recognize and use parts of a book to locate information
      Appendix
      Preface
      Bibliography
      Synopsis


I.1.3.5/ I.1.4.5- Recognize and use text features to locate information (e.g., heading, subheading, bold print, italics)
If you looked under the bold heading “Directions” in this     * D. improved overall fitness                                D Alexander Calder’s mobiles hang in museums,
passage, which of the following ideas would you find?                                                                      banks and airports
A. Many people consider mobiles to be works of art.           The author organizes the information in the “Materials”
B. Making objects to put on your mobile requires talent.      section by                                                   Look at the Materials section for Crushed Foil
* C. Putting a drop of glue on the hanger holds the knot in   A. telling a story about a dream catcher.                    Sculpture. You would use the cardboard square to
place.                                                        B. describing how a dream catcher looks.                     A draw your outline
D. Alexander Calder’s mobiles hang in museums, banks,         * C. listing the items needed and the directions to make a   B stuff you aluminum foil
and airports                                                  dream catcher.                                               C cover with newspaper or paint
                                                              D. comparing the Chippewa dream catcher to a Cherokee        *D display your completed sculpture
                                                              dream catcher.
The main purpose of the two paragraphs located inside the                                                                  “Another way is use the crushed aluminum foil as a base
box at the beginning of this passage is to                    What do the words written in italics in paragraph 7 most     (or armature) which is then covered with papier-mâché’”
A. explain how the river levels are posted.                   likely show?                                                 In paragraph 5, the word armature is in parentheses because
B. convince you to go camping and canoeing.                   A this did not really happen                                 it is
* C. give general information about the Buffalo River.        B. the is the author’s opinion                               A hard to pronounce
D. describe the campsites in the park near the Buffalo        C. Some of these words are hard to read                      B spelled incorrectly
River.                                                        *D. something unexpected has happened.                       *C another word for base
                                                                                                                           D a synonym for aluminum foil
Under which heading would you look to find out what kind
                                                              Why did the author put two sentences in italics in
of paint you will need for this project?                                                                                   Which activity would help you most quickly find out what
                                                              paragraph 8 of this passage?
A. “What to Do”                                                                                                            to wear to the Buffalo National River Park in January?
                                                              A. to show that Joey was talking to his grandfather
* B. “What to Use”                                                                                                         A. looking at the legend on the map
                                                              *B to show that Joey was thinking these things to
C. “What is Fun”                                                                                                           B looking at the picture of the Buffalo River
                                                              himself
D. “What to Imagine                                                                                                        C reading the first paragraph under each bold heading
                                                              C to show that Joey’s grandfather really needed
                                                                                                                           *D reading the information under the heading “Weather &
                                                              Joey’s help
How could a reader best find out what this passage is                                                                      Climate”
                                                              D to show that Grandfather was angry that he could
about without reading the entire article?
                                                              not read
A. Read a book about nutrition and health.                                                                                 Which activity would help the reader most quickly find
B. Go to the author’s Web site on a computer.                                                                              how many straws are used in this project?
                                                              If you looked under the bold heading “Directions” in
* C. Read the title and the headings in bold print.                                                                        A. reading the first sentence under each bold heading
                                                              this passage, which of the following would you find?
D. Read other articles written by the same author                                                                          B. reading the information under the bold heading “Science
                                                              A Many people consider mobiles to be works of art.
                                                                                                                           Scoop”
                                                              B Making objects to put on your mobile requires
According to the chart, which of the following is a benefit                                                                *C reading the information under the bold heading “What
                                                              talent.
of strength training?                                                                                                      You Need”
                                                              *C Putting a drop of glue on the hanger holds the knot
A. greater flexibility                                                                                                     D reading the bold words in each of the seven steps in the
                                                              in place
B. increased heart rate                                                                                                    directions.
C. protection from injury
I.1.3.6/ I.1.4.6- Recognize characteristics of genres (e.g., tall tales, fables)/ (e.g., mysteries, realistic fiction)
Under which heading would this passage be listed?                                                 *C. art projects for students
A. Poetry                                                                                         D. folktales about artists
B. Mystery
C. Tall Tale                                                                                  This passage is an example of which type of writing?
* D. Realistic Fiction                                                                             A. tall tale
                                                                                                   B. mystery
This passage would most likely be found in a book of                                               C. * biography
     A. the history or art                                                                         D. historical fiction
     B. artists’ biography


 I.1.3.7/ I.1.4.7- Identify an information need and access materials by generating questions to gather and collect
information as a starting point for research
Look at the map titled “Buffalo National River and          Which of these questions could you answer correctly by                     C. How many medals has Blaise won for
Vicinity.” Which of these questions would this map help     reading the passage?                                                       Bobsledding?
you answer?                                                 A. Where can I find black tempera paint?                                   D. Who do Blaise and Joy swim on the local
* A. Which campground is closest to the White River?        B. How long will it take for the paint to dry?                             swim team?
B. Where is the headquarters of the Buffalo National        * C. What materials do I need to make this picture?
River?                                                      D. How long will it take me to finish this picture?
                                                                                                                                  Which question could be correctly answered using the
C. How many miles is it from Tyler Bend to Kyle’s
                                                                                                                                  information in this passage?
Landing?                                                    Which question could the section “Driving by the
                                                                                                                                  A How fast will the balloon car go?
D. From which campground would you have the best view       Numbers” help the reader answer?
                                                                                                                                  B. How much fuel is needed for the car?
of the Red River?                                               A. How often do Blaise and Joy practice?
                                                                                                                                  *C What kind of paper cup is needed for the car?
                                                                *B. Who helped Blaise learn to steer the
                                                                                                                                  D. What size spools should be used for the wheels?
                                                                bobsled?


I.1.3.8/ I.1.4.8- Recognize and use online public access catalog (OPAC) search techniques to locate appropriate sources,
with guidance (e.g., keyword, author, title, subject searches)


I.1.3.9/ I.1.4.9- Recognize and use information in a variety of formats as a starting point for research
      print (e.g., atlases, encyclopedias, dictionaries, periodicals, thesauri, almanacs)
      non-print (e.g., maps, globes, videos)
      electronic resources (e.g., databases, Web environments)

 The best place to get more information on tools would be   This passage would most likely be found in a                          Where is the best place to find the meaning of the word
                                                            A. travel brochure.                                                   wedged (paragraph 4)?
A. a book about beavers and their habits.
                                                            B. book of biographies.                                               A. index
* B. a video documentary about tools.
                                                            C. short story collection.                                            B. thesaurus
C. an encyclopedia article about teeth.
                                                            * D. children’s science magazine                                      * C. dictionary
D. a dictionary and its definition of tools
                                                                                                                                  D. encyclopedia
Where did Pat most likely gather the information for his     Use the “Buffalo National River and Vicinity” map to   D meaning 4
paragraph?                                                   answer the question below.
A. a thesaurus                                               According to the map, which point of interest is       In which category of the chart below would “How to Stay
B. a dictionary                                              nearest to Tyler Bend campground?                      Fit for Life” best fit?
C. his mom’s cookbook                                        A. Hasty
* D. his personal experience                                 B. Lost Valley                                                                      Journal           Magazine
                                                                                                                     Letter    Instructions
                                                             C Buffalo Point                                                                      Entry             Article
                                                             *D Rush Landing
Read the dictionary entry for the word trunk.
Which meaning best fits the way trunk is used in paragraph                                                          A. Letter
                                                             According to the passage, where can information        B. Instructions
14?
                                                             about the river levels be found?                       C. Journal Entry
* A. meaning 1
                                                             *A on the internet                                     * D. Magazine Article
B. meaning 2
                                                             B. at the Lost Valley campsite
C. meaning 3
                                                             C in an Arkansas travel brochure                       Which Web site would be the best to use to gather
D. meaning 4
                                                             D in each of the canoes that are rented                information for a school newspaper article about
Which resource is the best to use when looking for a                                                                places of interest in North Carolina?
                                                             Read the dictionary entry for the word trunk.          A. www.ne-weather.org
synonym of a word?
                                                             Which meaning best fits the way trunk is used in       *B www.visit-nc-now.com
* A. thesaurus
                                                             paragraph 14?                                          C. www.government-nc.com
B. cookbook
                                                             *A meaning 1                                           D. www.nc-sports-teams.com
C. newspaper
                                                             B meaning 2
D. encyclopedia
                                                             C meaning 3


I.1.3.10/ I.1.4.10- Recognize sources of information outside the school library media center (e.g., people, public libraries)


 Strand I: Inquiry
      Standard 2: Evaluate
                  Students shall evaluate resources for appropriateness of information.

I.2.3.1/ I.2.4.1- Evaluate which media are appropriate to task and reading level using criteria (e.g., validity, currency,
accuracy), with guidance
Which of these books in your school library would give       * D. Homes for Our Feathered Friends                   *B a video documentary about tools
you directions to build other kinds of bird houses?                                                                 C. an encyclopedia article about teeth
A. The Feeding Habits of Birds                                                                                      D. a dictionary and its definition of tools.
                                                              The best place to get more information on tools
B. Bird Songs and What They Mean
                                                             would be
C. What We Know About Bluebirds
                                                             A. a book about beavers and their habits
 I.2.3.2/ I.2.4.2 -Differentiate between fiction and nonfiction
Which of the following statements found under the heading      * C. “The very best way to see Buffalo River is by       Which of the following is a fact?
“Canoeing” is an opinion?                                      canoeing.”                                               A. Baby dolphins are cute.
A. “Life jackets are required in all boats.”                   D. “You may bring your own canoe, kayak, raft, or john   B. Dolphins are beautiful animals.
B. “River levels are posted at the access areas.”              boat.”                                                   C. Learning about dolphins is interesting.
                                                                                                                        * D. Dolphins get along in order to survive.


Strand: Application
      Standard 3: Organize
                Students shall apply critical thinking skills and organize information to obtain knowledge.

A.3.3.1/ A.3.4.1- Use organizational strategies to record and synthesize information


Which of the following would belong in the “problem”           What would be the best title for this chart?             What would be the best idea to include in part B of
circle in the story map?                                       A. Junk Food Snacks                                      section II to complete the outline about mammals
A. Grandfather is too old to learn new things.                 * B. Healthy Snack Habits                                above?
B. Grandfather stomps out of the grocery store.                C. Lip-Smacking Snack Ideas                              * A. land
C. Joey doesn’t want to take over all of the chores.           D. Why Kids Have Snack Attacks                           B. fish
* D. Grandfather is frustrated because he is unable to read.                                                            C. vertebrates
 AR4R02X116Y412-014D                                           Which section of the information presented in the        D. warm-blooded
                                                               passage is missing from the chart above?
20. Which of the following best completes the
                                                               * A. Lip-Smacking Snack Ideas                            The graphic organizer below shows the order of
chart?
                                                               B. www.kidshealth.org                                    events as they happened in the passage.
Ways Dolphins Communicate
                                                               C. Kids Need to Eat Frequently                           King Bern finds a note.
squawks sonar clicks
                                                               D. Eat Junk Food In Moderation                            Lightning throws the knights in a cage.
bleats ?
                                                                                                                        ?
A. name
                                                               Which phrase best completes the graphic organizer        Princess Sara shows King Bern that she was Sir Aras
B. fluke
                                                               below?                                                   all along.
C. dorsal fins
                                                               A. Is afraid to go too fast
* D. signature whistle
                                                               B. Bobsleds only with Joy
                                                                                                                        Which sentence correctly completes the graphic
                                                               C. Calls his sister “Hurricane”
According to the passage, which of these best completes                                                                 organizer?
                                                               * D. Has never crashed a bobsled
the web?                                                                                                                A. Many of the knights laughed at Sir Aras the Small.
                                                               AR3W04X0401NXXX-029A
A. What Dominique does in school                                                                                        B. King Bern asked the knights to rescue his
                                                               4. Mammals
* B. What Dominique does in gymnastics class                                                                            daughter.
                                                               I. What is a mammal?
C. What Dominique does while acting on stage                                                                            C. Princess Sara and Lightning became great friends.
                                                               A. has hair or fur
D. What Dominique does while doing her homework                                                                         * D. Sir Aras asked the dragon to return the knights to
                                                               B. has live birth
                                                                                                                        the king.
                                                               II. Where do mammals live?
Which of these belongs on the blank line of the diagram?
                                                               A. water
A. Lived in Japan                                                                                                       Which detail completes the chart below?
                                                               B. ___________
* B. Mother was first teacher                                                                                           *A. Eat some chocolate chips
                                                               III. What do mammals eat?
C. Dad made a cooking tape                                                                                              B. Preheat oven to 350 degrees
                                                               A. plants
D. Likes to write cookbooks                                                                                             C. Add chocolate chips to dough
                                                               B. insects/other animals
                                                                                                                        D. Drop dough onto a cookie sheet
Read the web below about “Hand-Me-Down                   Which of the following best completes the chart?        D. Laurel is surprised to find out that leafcutter ants
Crayons>”                                                A. Hannah Burton looks at her watch and calls her Big   climb all the way to the top of the tall rainforest trees
Which of the following belongs in the “Problem”          Ben                                                     to get leaves and then walk all the way back down to
circle?                                                  B. While rushing to her classroom, she passes her       the ground.
A. Sara’s mom will not let her melt her crayons.         third-grade teacher and hopes her new teacher is nice
B. Molly cannot throw her crayons in the trash can at    C She is rushing down the hall and her principal        Read the chart below of steps from the passage.
school.                                                  makes her go back halfway and walk                      Which of the following belongs in the empty box?
*C. Molly is upset because she has to take used          *D While filling out an information card for her new    A Draw a ring on a paper plate
supplies to school.                                      teacher, she thinks bout how much she misses her        B. Leave the center of the web open
D. Molly and her mom are taking a long time to peel      best friend and her wish for her parents to get back    C Cut out the center of the paper plate
the paper off the crayons.                               together                                                *D Pull yarn through the holes to create a web

Which event completes the graphic organizer?             Look at the diagram below showing the steps to follow   Which sentence best fits into the empty box?
A. Spaghetti sauce splattered on the wall.               to create a stuffed paper sculpture.                    A. The king finds a note from his daughter
B. Spaghetti landed on Tedd Arnold’s shirt.              Which of these steps would complete the diagram         B The wise and beautiful Princess Sara is born
C. Luke grabbed the spaghetti with his feet.             above?                                                  C The king will not let the princess leave the castle
*D. Luke landed on top of the spaghetti and              A. Lay the paper on a table top covered with            *D The princess brings the dragon back to the castle
meatballs.                                               newspaper
                                                         B. Decide which shape will be the front of the          Which sentence best completes the graphic organizer
Which correctly completes the graphic organizer          sculpture                                               below?
below?                                                   C Drill a hole in a flat piece of wood and insert the   A. the ducklings cross Beacon Street to pose for the
What the Dragon demands/ What the Dragon Gets            dowel                                                   statues
A stars                                                  *D Staple the two pieces together until half of the     B. Robert McCloskey donated the statues to Boston
*B minnows                                               shape is stapled.                                       Public Garden
C diamonds                                                                                                       C The February snowstorm ruins the clay models of
D fishing nets                                           Read the chart below that summarizes the passage.       the ducklings
                                                         Which of the following would best complete the          *D Nancy Schon copies Robert McCloskey’s drawings
To make a mobile, what do you need to create first?      summary?                                                of the ducklings
*A a checklist of materials needed                       A. Laurel finds a frog with red eyes and orangey
B. a timeline showing the history of mobiles             green feet on a tree vine                               Which best completes the graphic organizer below?
C. a chart to display many different types of mobiles    *B Laurel decides that she wants to stay on the         *A Insert the straw into the holes
D a story map to describe the life of Alexander Calder   rainforest floor and continue exploring there.          B Poke a hole in the center of the cup
                                                         C. As Laurel and her family walk, she notices all of    C. Put rubber bands on each end of the straw
Look at the Beginning, Middle, End chart for Chapter     the many different noises coming from the rainforest    D. Push the neck of the balloon into the hole.
One of Amber Brown Goes Fourth.


A.3.3.2/ A.3.4.2- Respect and follow copyright laws (e.g., intellectual property rights)

Strand: Application
      Standard 4: Utilize
                Students shall apply information and use resources to fulfill a purpose.
A.4.3.1/ A.4.4.1- Use information from a variety of resources to accomplish a specific purpose
Use the “Buffalo National River and Vicinity” map to          In direction number 2 under “What to Do,” the word             In the sentence above, the word perch is closest in meaning
answer the question below.                                    coating would best be replaced with the word                   to the word
According to the map, which point of interest is nearest to   *A. layer                                                      A. lift
Tyler Bend campground?                                        B. jacket                                                      B make
A. Hasty                                                      C. square                                                      *C place
B. Lost Valley                                                D. picture                                                     D. throw
C. Buffalo Point
* D. Rush Landing                                             In the section on Midori, the article says, “she pulled the    Which sentence from paragraphs 9-11 best helps the reader
                                                              bow over the strings” What is the meaning of the word          know what the word snicker means?
                                                              bow?                                                               A. “Sam cleared his throat.”
According to the passage, where can information about the
                                                              A. to curve                                                        B. “I’ve decided to join your club.”
river levels be found?
                                                              B. to bend over                                                    *C. “Soon everyone in the whole room was
* A. on the Internet
                                                              C. a piece of ribbon                                               laughing.”
B. at the Lost Valley campsite
                                                              *D. a part of an instrument                                        D. “We can’t have a man here bungling everything!”
C. in an Arkansas travel brochure
D. in each of the canoes that are rented
                                                              In paragraph 6, the official is                                In paragraph 4, the authors say, “Young dolphins learn
                                                              A. the driver of the bobsled during the race                   about each other by watching, mimicking each other,
Joe has decided to write a paragraph explaining how
                                                              *B. a expert who helps with the bobsled races                  chasing, and play fighting.”
to build a birdhouse. After gathering information, what
                                                              C. a small bobsled used in PeeWee division                     What is the meaning of the word mimicking?
should Joe do next?
                                                              D. the passenger who sits in the back of the sled                    A. hitting
A. edit his final draft
                                                                                                                                   B. arguing
* B. begin his first draft
                                                                                                                                   *C imitating
C. revise his first draft                                     As used in directions 2 and 6, mixture means
                                                                                                                                   D. making fun of
D. publish his final draft                                    A. liquid ingredients
                                                                                                                                   According to the chart, how often should you do
                                                              *B. ingredients blended together
                                                                                                                                   aerobic exercises?
In paragraph 23, what does the word glared mean?              C. the kind of chocolate chips needed.
                                                                                                                                   *A. five days a week
A. blew hot air                                               D. a bowl in which ingredients are mixed.
                                                                                                                                   B. three days a week
B. spoke angrily
                                                                                                                                   C twenty minutes a week
C. growled loudly                                             Based on the passage, the reader can tell that a radiator
                                                                                                                                   D. thirty minutes a week
* D. looked at meanly                                         (paragraph 9)
                                                              A. is used as a trash can
                                                                                                                                  According to the chart, which of the follow is a
Which word in paragraph 24 helps the reader know what         B. is like a closet
                                                                                                                                  benefit of strength training?
crept means?                                                  C. puts out fires
                                                                                                                                  A greater flexibility
A. door                                                       *D. makes heat
                                                                                                                                  B. increased heart rate
B. shade
                                                                                                                                  C. protection from injury
*C. moved                                                     As used in the passage, what is the meaning of the word
                                                                                                                                  *D. improved overall fitness
D. opened                                                     celebrity (paragraph 1)?
                                                              A. something square
                                                                                                                             As used in paragraph 2, the best definition for the word
“Scratch an exotic peacock, parrot or other bird with         B. something silly
                                                                                                                             myth is
magnificent plumage!”                                         *C. something famous
                                                                                                                                  A. a type of exercise
As used in this sentence, the word exotic most likely means   D. something harvested
                                                                                                                                  B. a way to stay healthy
*A. interesting
                                                                                                                                  C. something that is a fact
B. puzzling                                                   “When it is dry, you can perch your creation on a shelf, or
                                                                                                                                  *D something that is untrue
C. orange                                                     tie to fishing line at the top, and hang from your ceiling.”
D. small                                                      (paragraph 3)
Which audience would be most interested in reading a          A. a group of actors                              D. a newspaper reader in Ohio
paragraph about an upcoming concert at an elementary          * B. the local community
school in Heber Springs, Arkansas?                            C. the Arkansas legislature

A.4.3.2/ A.4.4.2- Evaluate the completed task, revising as needed
When I was a child, the title of my favorite book was lassie.
Which underlined word should be capitalized in the sentence above?
A. child
B. title
C. book
* D. lassie


A.4.3.3/ A.4.4.3- Cite source(s) of information

Strand: Application
      Standard 5: Collaborate
               Students shall work cooperatively to pursue a goal.

A.5.3.1/ A.5.4.1- Work with others to gather and share resources, information, and ideas

A.5.3.2/ A.5.4.2 -Collaborate responsibly to solve problems

Strand: Application
      Standard 6: Communicate
               Students shall exchange information and ideas effectively and responsibly.

A.6.3.1/ A.6.4.1- Listen for a purpose and respond in a variety of ways

A.6.3.2/ A.6.4.2 - Respond to information from various media (e.g., print, non-print)
Both Robert McCloskey and Nancy Schon created works that have something to with ducks.
1. Explain one way their works are alike and provide one example from the passage to support your answer.
2. Explain one way their works are different and provide one example from the passage to support your answer.
BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2.


A.6.3.3/ A.6.4.3- Express information in a variety of formats

A.6.3.4/ A.6.4.4- Discuss individual responsibility in the sharing of information (e.g., online safety)
Strand: Connection
Standard 7: Read
               Students shall pursue opportunities for individual growth and lifelong learning through reading.

C.7.3.1/ C.7.4.1- Read from or listen to a variety of genres (e.g., tall tales, fables)/ (e.g., mysteries, realistic fiction)
This passage is an example of                               B. mystery                                                    * D. nonfiction
A. biography.                                               * C. biography
B. nonfiction.                                              D. historical fiction
                                                                                                                          This passage would most likely be found in a
C. poetry.
                                                                                                                          A reference book
* D. fiction                                                In which section of the media center would you look to find
                                                                                                                          *B collection of biographies
                                                            this passage?
                                                                                                                          C book of fictional short stories
                                                            A. fiction
This passage is an example of which type of writing?                                                                      D collection of fables and folktales
                                                            B. poetry
A. tall tale
                                                            C. biography


C.7.3.2/ C.7.4.2 -Read from or listen to a variety of informational texts (e.g., functional/practical print, maps, nonfiction
books)/ (e.g., newspapers, magazines, nonfiction books)
Where would this passage most likely be found?              This passage would most likely be found in a book of          A. that she is a good illustrator
A. in a book of short stories                               A. the history of art.                                        B. that these are difficult to make
* B. in an arts and crafts manual                           B. artists’ biographies.                                      *C a sculpture before and after it is finished
C. in a biography of a famous artist                        * C. art projects for students.                               D. both a crushed foil and a stuffed paper sculpture
D. in a book about the history of sculpture                 D. folktales about artists.
                                                                                                                          What does the information in the box tell the reader
Which activity would help you most quickly find out what                                                                  about Linda Alvarado?
to wear to the Buffalo National River Park in January?      Where would this passage most likely be found?                A She love cooking for inner-city children
A. looking at the legend on the map                         A in a book of short stories                                  B She enjoyed making teddy bears as a child
B. looking at the picture of the Buffalo River              *B in an arts and crafts manual                               *C She has built her success on her love of sports
C. reading the first paragraph under each bold heading      C in a biography of famous artists                            and construction
* D. reading the information under the heading “Weather &   D in a book about the history of sculpture                    D She hopes to be inducted into the National
Climate”                                                                                                                  Women’s Hall of Fame.
                                                            The author most likely included two drawings of a
                                                            whale to show


C.7.3.3/ C.7.4.3 -Read for pleasure

C.7.3.4/ C.7.4.4 -Understand language and literary devices and how authors use them (e.g., mood, figurative language)
What does the author mean by the phrase hand-me-down    In paragraph 40, the sentence “The dragon’s jaw         B. He was sad that his grandfather could not read
(paragraph 6)?                                          dropped to his toenails” show that the dragon is        very well.
A. made at home                                         A. sad                                                  C. He felt proud of himself for studying and working
B. passed around at school                              B. Sick                                                 so hard.
C. borrowed from a friend                               C. scared                                               D. He could see that his grandfather was upset about
* D. given away after being used                        *D. surprised                                           Aunt Helen’s letter.

AR3R04X1014P344-011D                                    In paragraph 41, the word beaming shows that            In paragraph 19, the phrase “his chest felt as though it
6. What is the mood of this passage?                    Mirabella feels                                         was about to burst with joy” is an example of which of
A. scary                                                A. shy                                                  the following?
B. funny                                                *B. proud                                               A. technical language
C. dangerous                                            C. funny                                                *B. figurative language
* D. encouraging                                        D/ scared                                               C. persuasive language
                                                                                                                D. investigative language
Which sentence best describes Tanisha’s mood at the     In paragraph 1, the author uses the phrase “once in a
beginning of the passage?                               while” to show that the children asked questions        When Joey’s Grandfather had finished reading the
A. Tanisha is angry because of Miles’ pranks.           A. always                                               letter from Aunt Helen, both Joey and his grandfather
B. Tanisha is bored with her friends at school.         B. rarely                                               had tears in their eyes.
* C. Tanisha is upset about not winning the spelling    C. regularly                                            1. Explain why Grandfather was crying.
bee.                                                    *D sometimes                                            2. Explain why Joey was crying.
D. Tanisha is curious about how she lost the spelling                                                           Use examples from the passage to support your
bee.                                                    Read and think about the passage “A Spaghetti Tale.”    responses.
                                                        How would you describe the mood of the passage?         BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2.
Which word best describes the mood of the passage?      Why would you describe the mood this way? Use
≥ A silly                                               specific examples and details from the passage to       The reader can tell that Sam Johnson enjoyed
B angry                                                 support your answer.                                    mending the pig’s awning because Sam
C serious                                                                                                       A. thought it was hard work
D thoughtful                                            Which word best describes the mood of the passage?      B. was keeping himself busy
                                                        *A silly                                                *C stayed up all night working
What does the author mean when he says he is “lost      B. angry                                                D. knew his wife was not at home
in a book”? (paragraph 3)                               C serious                                               How does Aly’s mood change from the beginning to
A He reads while he keeps one eye on his food.          D thoughtful                                            the end of the passage?
≥ B He pays attention only to the book he is reading.                                                           A from calm to restless
C He often loses books people have given him to         In paragraph 19, which sentence best tell why Joey      *B from bored to excited
read.                                                   was crying?                                             C from stubborn to reasonable
D He loses his place on the page of the book he is      *A He felt very proud of his grandfather’s              D from curious to uninterested
reading.                                                accomplishment.



C.7.3.5/ C.7.4.5- Apply reading strategies to comprehend information (e.g., predicting, retelling, drawing conclusions,
cause and effect, sequencing, main idea)
The plots of most narratives include a problem and a    What is the main idea of this passage?
solution. When is the main problem of this passage      A. A pile of potato chips contains a lot of fat.
                                                                                                                What is the main idea of this passage?
resolved?                                               B. An orange will give you energy and vitamin C.
                                                                                                                A. how much Amber misses her third-grade teacher
* A. when Aunt Helen’s letter is read                   * C. Eating a healthy snack between meals is good for
                                                                                                                B. how difficult it is to answer Mrs. Holt’s questions
B. when Grandfather works on his farm                   a kid’s growing body.
                                                                                                                C. the exciting things that are going to happen in
C. when Joey and Grandfather go shopping                D. Healthy snacks such as a banana or granola bar
                                                                                                                fourth grade
D. when Grandfather becomes discouraged                 are packed with nutrients
* D. the many problems that Amber Brown is                    Use details from the passage to support both of your            A. to teach you to follow directions
experiencing on the first day of school                       answers.                                                        *B to describe and explain what a mobile is
                                                              BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2                         C. to show how to hand lollipops and fish on a mobile
If the author wanted a different title for this passage,                                                                      D. to convince you to make a mobile with lollipops and fish
which of the following would be the best choice?              Which of the following best describes this passage?
A. A Rich Man Makes a New Friend                              A. a funny story about watermelons                              Think about the information in the passage.
B. A Young Man Buys New Clothes                               B. comparison of two different kinds of watermelons             1. Explain why it is important for kids to eat healthy
*C. A Rich Man and a Bad Decision                             *C. a description of unusual watermelons                        snacks. Use information from the passage to support your
D. A Young Man Learns a Lesson                                D. information about how to become a watermelon farmer          response.
                                                                                                                              2. Give two examples of healthy snacks mentioned in the
                                                              Dear Mom and Dad,                                               passage.
This passage is mostly about
                                                              1I am having a great time at camp this year. 2The lake is       BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2.
*A. a young bobsledder who is blind
                                                              warm. 3The sound of crickets at night makes me feel like
B. the Empire State Games in New York.
                                                              I’m at                                                          When Amber sees the empty desk in her new classroom,
C. a girl who loves sledding with her friends
                                                              home. 4The smell of the rose bushes is great. 5And the best     she most likely thinks
D. the youth bobsled program in Lake Placid
                                                              thing of all is the s’mores. 6Mmm good! 7I’m writing by         A. that Mrs. Holt has too many desks
                                                              flashlight, and                                                 *B about how much she misses her best friend
                                                              the whistle just blew for all lights out, so I’ll have to end   C that there must be another student late for the first day of
Why does the author suggest that an adult help with the
                                                              this letter. 8Good night. 9See you in 6 days.                   fourth grade
oven?
                                                              Sincerely,                                                      D about a lost classmate who is probably looking for the
     A. to help stir if the butter is not soft enough
                                                              Katie                                                           new forth grade teacher.
     B. to make sure that there are enough cookies to
                                                              What is the main purpose of the letter above?
           share
                                                              * A. to describe camp to Mom and Dad                            Imagine that it is time for next year’s county fair
     *C. to help keep everyone safe while baking the
                                                              B. to persuade Mom and Dad to visit camp                        1. Predict what you think the men and women will do about
     cookies
                                                              C. to inform Mom and Dad about the crickets at camp             making a quilt.
     D. to approve the ingredients that are used for the
                                                              D. to entertain Mom and Dad with a funny story about            2. Explain your prediction using three examples from the
     dough
                                                              camp                                                            passage to support your response.
                                                                                                                              BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2
Which of the following should happen last when making
                                                              There are many reasons I believe that more people
the cookies?
                                                              should spend their vacations in Arkansas.                       A main idea supported by this passage is that kids should
A. Heat the oven
                                                              What will most likely be the main purpose of Tina’s             A. be prepare more for tests at school.
B. Add the egg and vanilla
                                                              paragraph?                                                      *B. make time to exercise five days a week
*C. Put the cookies on a wire rack.
                                                              A. to thank the reader                                          C. spend more time after school doing homework
D. Stir flour and butter/sugar mixture.
                                                              B. to teach the reader                                          D. read reports about the rising number of kids who are
                                                              * C. to persuade the reader                                     overweight
What would happen if step 9 were left out of the
                                                              D. to entertain the reader
directions?
                                                                                                                              The cause and effect map below is missing the effects.
A. The cookies would remain as uncooked dough.
                                                              Why did Joey want to help his grandfather learn to read?        Describe one effect for each cause. Use specific
B. The butter would not be soft enough to be stirred
                                                              A. Joey was ashamed of his grandfather because he could         information from the passage to support your responses.
C. The cookies would have no chocolate chips in them.
                                                              not read.
D. The oven would not be hot enough to bake the cookies.
                                                              B. Joey wanted his grandfather to see what a good reader        What is the main purpose of the passage?
                                                              Joey was                                                        A to convince children to read Make Way for Ducklings
This recipe has a funny name.
                                                              C. Joey as beginning to tire of having to read everything to    B. to show the reader how to make lifelike statues of
1. Why did the author mane this recipe “Chocolate Chipless
                                                              his grandfather.                                                ducklings
Cookies”?
                                                              *D Joey could see that his grandfather was unhappy              C to highlight reasons children enjoy playing with animal
2. Using information from the passage, state whether or not
                                                              because he could not read.                                      statues
you think this is a good name for the recipe and explain
                                                                                                                              *D to explain how the duckling statues came to the Boston
your answer.
                                                              What is the purpose of the first paragraph of this passage?     Public Garden.



C.7.3.6/ C.7.4.6- Discuss story elements (e.g., character, setting, plot, problem/solution)
Which of these is the main conflict in the passage?                                                                               B. the guards hide under the mat because the are
A. Sam Johnson hung posters all around the county.                                                                                afraid
                                                                Which fact is most important to the plot of the
B. The men’s club worked late every night on their quilt.                                                                         C the important, big people are not going out to see
                                                                passage?
* C. The women did not want Sam Johnson to join their                                                                             the dragon
                                                                A. The princess has very long hair.
quilting club.                                                                                                                    *D the dragon is not getting what he demands from
                                                                * B. The princess pretends to be a knight.
D. The women wondered what the men’s quilt was going to                                                                           the princess
                                                                C. The dragon is good at fighting knights.
look like.
                                                                D. The dragon is afraid of melting people.
                                                                                                                                  The plots of most narratives include a problem and a
What is the main problem in the passage?
                                                                The setting is where the events of a story take place.            solution. When is the main problem of this passage
A The dragon gets stung by bees in the woods.
                                                                Identify the setting of this passage. Use three details           resolved?
B The guards hide under the mat because they are
                                                                from the passage that support your response.                      *A. when Aunt Helen’s letter is read
afraid.
                                                                                                                                  B. when Grandfather works on his farm
C The important, big people are not going out to see
                                                                What is the main problem in the passage?                          C. when Joey and Grandfather go shopping
the dragon.
                                                                A. the dragon get stung by bees in the woods                      D. when Grandfather becomes discouraged
≥ D The dragon is not getting what he demands from
the princess.




C.7.3.7/ C.7.4.7- Discuss author’s purpose
What is the author’s main purpose for writing this passage?     D. remind the reader about the importance of shade in the         out, so I’ll have to end this letter. 8Good night. 9See you in
* A. to inform the reader about tools and their importance      summer                                                            6 days.
to humans and animals                                                                                                             Sincerely,
B. to entertain the reader with stories about tools and how     Which of these best describes the author’s purpose for            Katie
animals use them                                                writing this passage?                                             What is the main purpose of the letter above?
C. to persuade the reader that humans invented tools long       A. to entertain the reader with a story about a “scratch a        * A. to describe camp to Mom and Dad
before animals did                                              picture”                                                          B. to persuade Mom and Dad to visit camp
D. to instruct the reader on where to purchase tools            B. to inform the reader that art supplies can be found            C. to inform Mom and Dad about the crickets at camp
                                                                anywhere                                                          D. to entertain Mom and Dad with a funny story about
Why did the author most likely write this article?              * C. to instruct the reader as to the best way to make a          camp
A. to inform the reader about knots and glue                    “scratch a picture”
B. to persuade the reader to make a butterfly mobile            D. to persuade the reader that blunt pencils are safer than       Tina wrote the following topic sentence:
* C. to teach the reader how to make his or her own mobile      ballpoint pens                                                    There are many reasons I believe that more people
D. to entertain the reader with a story about giant lollipops                                                                     should spend their vacations in Arkansas.
                                                                The author most likely wrote this passage to                      What will most likely be the main purpose of Tina’s
The author most likely wrote this passage to share the idea     A. persuade the reader to be on time to school.                   paragraph?
that                                                            B. inform the reader about making a new best friend.              A. to thank the reader
A. mending an awning is like sewing a quilt.                    C. teach the reader how to fill out important                     B. to teach the reader
B. men and women should have separate sewing clubs.             information.                                                      * C. to persuade the reader
* C. working cooperatively usually brings about positive        * D. entertain the reader by telling a story about                D. to entertain the reader
results.                                                        Amber Brown
D. entering a competition at a county fair is a rewarding                                                                         The author most likely wrote this passage to
experience.                                                     Dear Mom and Dad,                                                 * A. tell the reader how to make cookies.
                                                                1I am having a great time at camp this year. 2The lake is         B. teach the reader how to use an oven.
The author most likely wrote this passage to                    warm. 3The sound of crickets at night makes me feel like          C. explain why adults should help children bake
A. explain how to buy a new house.                              I’m at home. 4The smell of the rose bushes is great. 5And         cookies.
* B. entertain the reader by telling a story.                   the best thing of all is the s’mores. 6Mmm good! 7I’m             D. compare chocolate chip cookies to other kinds of
C. describe a friendship between two men.                       writing by flashlight, and the whistle just blew for all lights   cookies.
                                                                                                                           B to persuade the reader to make a butterfly mobile
                                                              The author most likely wrote this passage to                 *C to teach the reader how to make his or her own
The author most likely wrote this passage in order to
                                                              *A. tell the reader how to make cookies                      mobile
A. teach kids how to do aerobic exercises.
                                                              B. teach the reader how to use an oven.                      D. to entertain the reader with a story about giant
B. tell an interesting story about exercise and our bodies.
                                                              C. explain why adults should help children bake              lollipops
C. compare strength training and flexibility training
                                                              cookies.
exercises.
                                                              D. compare chocolate chip cookies to other kinds of          The author most likely wrote this passage to
* D. inform kids about the many ways that exercise is good
                                                              cookies.                                                     A. persuade the reader to be on time to school
for the body.
                                                                                                                           B. inform the reader about making a new best friend
                                                                                                                           C teach the reader how to fill out important
This passage is most likely intended to
                                                              What is the author’s main purpose for writing this           information
* A. amuse the reader.
                                                              passage?                                                     *D. entertain the reader by telling a story about Amber
B. persuade the reader to visit Castle Bor.
                                                              *A to inform the reader about tools and their                Brown
C. describe how knights used to defeat dragons.
                                                              importance to humans and animals
D. compare King Bern to the dragon Lightning.
                                                              B. to entertain the reader with stories about tools and      The author most likely wrote this passage to
                                                              how animals use them.                                        A entertain readers with an interesting tall tale
What is the author trying to get the reader to
                                                              C. to persuade the reader that humans invented tools         B. teach students how to train for the high jump
understand in paragraph 41?
                                                              long before animals did.                                     *C encourage young people to follow their dreams
    A. Chocolate is not healthy.
                                                              D. to instruct the reader on where to purchase tools.        D persuade readers to hire Linda Alvarado as a
    B. There are bullies in every class.
                                                                                                                           contractor
    C. Students should not pass notes in class.
    *D. It is easy to believe the wrong idea                  Why did the author most likely write this article?
    sometimes.                                                A to inform the reader about knots and glue




Strand: Connection
      Standard 8: Associate
               Students shall make connections to the academic environment and the real world.

C.8.3.1/ C.8.4.1- Read from or listen to a variety of texts to make connections (e.g., text-to-self, text-to-text, and text-to-
world)
 Why would a student most likely read this passage?                A.    is a gymnast                                      A. writing notes
                                                                   B.    likes cooking                                     B. following directions
* A. to learn how to make a dream catcher
                                                                   C.    plays the violin                                  C. spelling difficult words
B. to get information about what dreams mean
                                                                   *D.   is writing an article about famous people         *D. getting along with others
C. to write a report on the Cherokee Native Americans
D. to make a list of what to do if you have a bad dream
                                                                                                                           Why would a teacher most likely read this passage to
                                                               Midori, Justin Miller, and Dominique Dawes all have a       students?
A student would most likely read this passage in order        special talent.                                                   A. to persuade them to become champion
to                                                            1. Which of these three people do you most admire?                      bobsledders
A. learn about he weather                                     Explain why you chose this person using two examples              B. to show them where to find the best bobsled
*B. enjoy an entertaining story about two men                 from the passage.                                                       teachers
C. get information about how much a house costs               2. Describe a talent you have or something that you enjoy         *C. to show them how a boy overcame a physical
D. compare the value of three gold coins to one               doing.                                                            challenge
hundred gold coins.                                           BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2.                          D. to explain why bobsledding is good exercise for
                                                                                                                                children
The passage “What Talent,” would be most useful to
                                                              A teacher would most likely read this passage to her class
someone who                                                                                                                Why would a student most likely read this passage?
                                                              to show the importance of
     A. to learn why watermelons grow on vines           on the mobile and explain why you would choose            D. learn a lot of new scientific terms
     B. to learn why watermelons taste delicious         these objects.
     *C. to learn to grow a square watermelon                                                                      Under the heading of “Canoeing,” several rules are
     D. to learn how to keep a watermelon from rotting   Think about the main character’s feelings and actions     listed for you to follow.
                                                         in this passage.                                          1. Write down two rules you think are important and
Which best describes why someone would read the          1. Explain how your feelings and actions are similar to   explain why.
passage?                                                 Amber Brown’s feelings and actions. Use two specific      2. Identify one other rule given in the passage and
     A. to compare the dragons to princesses             examples from the passage to describe how you are         explain what could happen if that rule were broken.
    *B to enjoy a humorous fictional story               similar.                                                  BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2.
     C. to learn how a real princess lives today         2. Explain how your feelings and actions are different
     D to find out what dragons really look like         than Amber Brown’s feelings and actions. Us two           Think what it might be like to visit a rainforest.
                                                         specific examples from the passage that show the          1. Explain what things you might do there, as well as
                                                         differences between you and Amber.                        what you might see, hear, or touch there.
Your teacher has asked you to write about a famous
                                                         BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2.                  2. Use four details from the passage to support your
person you would like to meet if you could meet
                                                                                                                   answer.
anyone from any time.
                                                         A reader would most likely find this passage useful       BE SURE TO LABEL YOUR RESPONSES 1 AND 2
Before you begin to write, think about famous people
                                                         because it
you know and choose one you would most like to
                                                         A teaches a lesson                                        Why did the author use the words “of course” in the
meet. Why do you want to meet this person?
                                                         *B gives information                                      last sentence of the passage?
Now write an essay about the famous person you
                                                         C tells a good story                                      A. Princesses always love adventure.
would most like to meet. Be sure to give reasons why
                                                         D. solves a problem                                       B. The princess and the dragon were unusual friends.
you want to meet this person and enough detail so
                                                                                                                   * C. Princesses usually live happily ever after in
that your teacher will understand.
                                                         You would most likely suggest that your friend read       stories.
                                                         this passage if she wanted to                             D. The princess and the dragon would probably have
Your class has decided to make a mobile with objects
                                                         A. enjoy a good autobiography                             a fight soon
that can be found in your classroom. The objects will
                                                         B. find out how rivers are found
be hung on a coat hanger. List two objects to hang
                                                         *C plan a canoeing and camping trip


C.8.3.2/ C.8.4.2- Read from or listen to texts to learn about other cultures

C.8.3.3/ C.8.4.3- Participate in book discussions (e.g., book talks, book clubs, or book studies)

C.8.3.4/ C.8.4.4- Discuss works by the same author/illustrator

C.8.3.5/ C. 8.4.5- Respond to literature in a variety of ways (e.g., readers’ theater, story webs, choral reading)

C.8.3.6/ C.8.4.6- Understand that literary works meet certain criteria for award winners (e.g., Arkansas Diamond,
Caldecott, Coretta Scott King, Pura Belpré)

C.8.3.7/ C.8.4.7- Compare and contrast print and non-print media of a selected work

Strand: Connection
     Standard 9: Reflect
                       Students shall examine their learning experiences for improvement.

C.9.3.1/ C.9.4.1- Use self-assessment tools (e.g., rubrics, checklists, peer review)

C.9.3.2/ C.9.4.2- Identify strengths and weaknesses in the learning process and set goals for improvement


C.9.3.3/ C.9.4.3- Reflect on how ideas have changed with more information and/or feedback




Glossary

Acceptable use policy (AUP)      A written document approved by a school district and/or school board, outlining terms and conditions for student
                                 and staff use of school district technology, including the Internet and e-mail
Authority                        In judging a work, this refers to the qualifications of the producer, author, or editor
Boolean operators                A system of logic that, when applied to searches, broadens or narrows the range of a search and links search
                                 terms with the operators AND, OR, and NOT
Circulation policy               Rules that govern the use of library materials by the patrons
Content area text                Nonfiction selections taken from across the curriculum
Copyright laws                   The exclusive legal rights granted by a government to the owner of intellectual property that protects the
                                 copyrighted material from unauthorized duplication, sale, or performance; a legal right to publish a work for a
                                 specific number of years
Currency                         Up-to-date or timely texts
Cyberbullying                    Sending or posting harmful or cruel text or images using the Internet or other digital communication devices
Domain                           The portion of an Internet address that identifies the type of organization (e.g., .com, .gov, .edu, .lib, .org, .net,
                                 .mil)
Electronic directory             A list of hyperlinks (links) to information organized into a categorical, alphabetical hierarchy.
Environmental print              Familiar print on everyday objects and signage, such as product boxes, wrappers, and company logos
Fair use                         A provision of the Copyright Law, Title 17, Section 107 of the U.S. Code, which allows others to make reasonable
                                 uses of copyrighted materials for educational purposes
Figurative language              Uses figures of speech as a way of saying something; language that cannot be taken literally (e.g., metaphor,
                                 simile, personification, alliteration)
Functional/practical print       Informational and technical text used in everyday living (e.g., recipes, manuals, menus, applications, brochures,
                                 warranties)
Genre                             A type of literary work identified by its design or purpose (e.g., historical fiction, poetry, fantasy, or realistic
                               fiction)
Graphic organizer              Organizes information on charts, timelines, chains of events, story webs, Venn diagrams, storyboards, etc.
Information literacy skills    The ability to recognize the need for specific information and to formulate an effective plan for its retrieval
Intellectual property rights   A concept in copyright law that protects the works of authors, publishers, and copyright owners from activities
                               such as plagiarism
In-text citations              The complete information about an item written in the text of a document according to the format listed in a
                               recognized style manual (e.g., MLA, APA, Turabian, Chicago)
Literary device                A literary technique, such as mood, figurative language, or tone, that is used to achieve a specific effect
Netiquette                     Standards of polite behavior while using the Internet
Online public access catalog   A computerized system to catalog and organize materials in a library. OPACs have replaced card-based
(OPAC)                         catalogs in many libraries; an OPAC is available to library users (public access)
Organizational strategies      Methods for arranging information, such as graphic organizers, note cards, note taking, summarizing,
                               paraphrasing, etc.
Practical text                 See functional/practical print
Primary source                 First-hand information including memoirs, interviews, letters, and public documents
Realia                         Real, three-dimensional objects, such as models, specimens, and artifacts as contrasted with replicas
Rubric                         A scoring guide used to evaluate the quality of student performance
Scope                          The breadth and depth of information
Search engines                 Applications that search random Web sites using keyword(s) and then generate a list of documents that contains
                               the keyword(s)
Search strategy                An organized plan that an individual uses to search for information
Search technique               A method used in a search strategy to locate information
Secondary sources              Works that have been collected, interpreted, or published by someone other than the original source
Social networking              Sites where users can easily present information about themselves, create lists of friends, and share comments
                               about interests
Validity                       A consistently reliable source
Verso page                     The back of a leaf of a book, the back of a book, or the back of the title page; back or left-side of a page of a
                               book that usually contains copyright and publisher information
Text features                  Format of a text that guides the reader (e.g., bold, italics, headings, subheadings, graphics, sequence, diagrams,
                               illustrations)
Web environment                A conceptual space that allows a group of people to interact; it is designed to support communication and
                               collaboration (e.g., e-mail, blogs, and wikis)

				
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