ARMY AL T ASC Addresses Unit Commanders Concerns Through by theregoesthatman


									                                                                                                              ARMY AL&T

ASC Addresses Unit Commanders’ Concerns
     Through LBE and Reset Programs
                                            MAJ Mark E. Young

            actical unit commanders have numerous issues and concerns to
            address when preparing their units for deployment and redeploy-
            ment from Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF).
     The U.S. Army Sustainment Command (ASC), part of the U.S. Army
     Materiel Command (AMC) team, is available to assist, identify, and
     resolve equipment and maintenance problems as well as materiel
     readiness issues for combatant commanders.

     Soldiers lift off the rotorheads on a Black Hawk helicopter during a 360-hour maintenance phase reset.
     (U.S. Army photo by SGT Ryan Matson, 1/34 Brigade Combat Team Public Affairs.)

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                 ARMY AL&T

The AMC Solution
The Department of the Army (DA)
designated AMC as the executive agent
for all aspects of Army Force Genera-
tion (ARFORGEN) equipment, in-
cluding funding and execution of the
Left-Behind Equipment (LBE) pro-
gram. An AMC ARFORGEN opera-
tions order, dated March 5, 2007, es-
tablished ASC as the lead (supported)
command responsible for the LBE pro-
gram. During this program, ASC re-
lieves Active Component units of the
responsibility of managing equipment
that is not deployed in support of their
wartime mission, and ensures that the
equipment is maintained, accounted
for, cross-leveled, or temporarily loaned
in support of the ARFORGEN process.
                                             Bringing repairs to where they’re needed most, the TACOM LCMC Small Arms Readiness Evaluation Team
                                             with repair armorers fix and return weapons to Soldiers’ hands — all part of ASC’s integration of AL&T
AMC assigned ASC the mission of              capabilities. (U.S. Army photo.)

providing materiel readiness support
for a deploying/redeploying unit’s           for Active Army units in CONUS,                       The DMC works with multiple organ-
equipment. To perform the equipment          Alaska, and Hawaii. The DMC has                       izations to integrate and synchronize
readiness support mission, ASC looks         become the single ASC integrator for                  LBE and reset support. The list in-
to its Army Field Support Brigades           LBE and field-level reset in support of               cludes DA staff offices, AMC Life
(AFSBs) and Distribution Manage-             ARFORGEN.                                             Cycle Management Commands
ment Center (DMC).                                                                                 (LCMCs), the Defense Logistics
                                                                The reset of units                 Agency (DLA), and the Installation
The AFSBs provide a              AFSBs works with               returning from                     Management Command (IMCOM).
single AMC/ASC face             unit commanders to              OEF/OIF consists of                Critical to this process are ASC’s
to the field by inte-                                           a series of actions to             AFSBs, Army Field Support Battalions
                              serve as the “face to the
grating and synchro-                                            restore the units to a             (AFSBns), Logistic Support Elements
nizing acquisition,              field” for all AMC             desired level of com-              (LSEs), and Field Logistics Readiness
logistics, and technol-           activities in their           bat capability com-                Centers (FLRCs) — subordinate or-
ogy (AL&T) to en-                                               mensurate with fu-                 ganizations of the Field Logistics
                                 geographic regions
hance the combat                                                ture mission require-              Readiness Division (FLRD). The
readiness of all Army       through all ARFORGEN                ments. These actions               DMC focuses on supporting the prop-
units within the                     cycle phases.              include the repair of              erty accountability, management and
AFSB area of sup-                                               equipment, replace-                equipment maintenance, or repair re-
port. There are seven                                           ment of equipment                  quirements of a unit throughout the
AFSBs: three in CONUS separated by            lost during operations, and recapital-               ARFORGEN cycle.
region, one based in Europe, one              ization of equipment where feasible
based in Korea, and two focused on            and necessary. The reset program en-                 Benefits for Units
operations in Southwest Asia.                 sures that commanders have reliable                  AFSBs works with unit commanders to
                                              and capable equipment, and that the                  serve as the “face to the field” for all
The DMC, based at ASC Headquar-               Army has a long-term program to sus-                 AMC activities in their geographic re-
ters on Rock Island Arsenal, IL, sup-         tain the operational readiness of all                gions through all ARFORGEN cycle
ports deploying and redeploying units         critical systems.                                    phases. AFSBs also serve as the primary
by providing readiness management                                                                  conduit of logistical support with ties to

           18    JULY - SEPTEMBER 2008
                                                                                                                              ARMY AL&T

the units through their AFSBn/LSE or-         arrangement succeeds in addressing the                           of Logistics (DOL) and FLRD/FLRC
ganizations at every installation.            DMC’s information needs at the strate-                           agencies. Their primary purpose is to
                                              gic and operational level, it does not ad-                       provide regional/above-brigade-level
All three levels of support — strategic,      equately address the need for informa-                           materiel management capability
operational, and tacti-                                          tion at the tactical                          through demand-supported supply
cal — are important                                              level. To meet this tac-                      management, asset visibility, and
                               The LCOP will allow
to the coordination                                              tical information                             maintenance/readiness management.
and synchronization             support agencies and             need, AFSBs work
efforts of support             commanders to access              closely with Distribu-                        This organizational arrangement ensures
units. In recognition          an overall picture of a           tion Management                               that all support agencies are fully in-
of this fact, the DMC                                            Teams (DMTs) at 15                            formed and can use the same data feeds
                                unit’s equipment on
has liaison officers on                                          CONUS installations.                          to support a Logistics Common Operat-
its staff from DA —           hand against the unit’s                                                          ing Picture (LCOP) for AMC-level co-
Resource Manage-                 authorizations, and             Assigned to the                               ordination or synchronization of sup-
ment (G-8), LCMCs,                                               DMC, the DMTs di-                             port for a deploying or redeploying unit.
                                 display the sourcing
DLA, IMCOM, and                                                  rectly support cus-
the FLRD. Likewise,                 solutions to fill            tomers of the AFSB,                           LBE Program
the AFSBs, and their             shortages identified            AFSBn, or LSE com-                            The DMC LBE program has provided
AFSBn or LSE, have              during the reset and             mander. In addition                           visibility and readiness support to the
experts provided by                                              to working closely                            National Equipment Pool. The goal is
                                     LBE process.
the LCMCs to work                                                with the AFSBn or                             to ensure that maintained materiel is
with units at their                                              LSE staff, the DMTs                           ready for issue upon direction of ap-
home stations to address deployment           coordinate or synchronize support ac-                            propriate authority or reissue to the
and redeployment issues. While this           tivities with the IMCOM Directorate                              unit upon its redeployment.

Working side-by-side, Soldiers and civilians put another High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle back in the fight from their workshop at Logistics Support
Area Anaconda, Balad, Iraq, one of ASC’s worldwide network of field support activities. (U.S. Army photo by Charles W. Fick Jr.)

                                                                                                                 JULY - SEPTEMBER 2008           19
                     ARMY AL&T

                                                                            Technical Manuals’       and provides current workload at each
                                                                            10/20 readiness          SOR. The DMC provides cost data and
                                                                            conditions (all rou-     analysis for LBE workload plans, Prede-
                                                                            tine maintenance         ployment Training Equipment, and
                                                                            executed and all de-     reset, as well as timelines and lists of
                                                                            ficiencies repaired).    units. LCMCs provide standardized
                                                                            This function sup-       scopes of work for their managed
                                                                            ports ACOMs and          commodities, including analysis of
                                                                            HQDA by ensuring         sustainment-level requirements, and
                                                                            that the next units      approve the workloading plan.
                                                                            to deploy have the
                                                                            necessary equip-         The reset phase ends once the equip-
Working at Fort Carson, CO, a mechanic repairs an engine during reset       ment to meet train-      ment inducted into field-level reset
repair operations meant to restore fighting units’ materiel readiness and
support the ARFORGEN strategy. (U.S. Army photo by Nikki St. Amant.)        ing and deployment       returns to the unit, and equipment
                                                                            requirements.            shortages are filled that were identified
ASC leverages its AFSBs in partnership                                                               during sustainment-level induction.
with IMCOM, AMC LCMCs, and                               Reset Program
other supporting agencies to assume                      As a unit prepares to redeploy, the reset   Easing the Strain in the Future
responsibility for LBE. ASC budgets,                     phase of the ARFORGEN cycle begins.         To increase visibility of equipment
funds, accounts for, maintains, and re-                  To aid the unit in this phase, AMC has      during the ARFORGEN process, the
ports the readiness status of LBE per                    established Reset Fly Away Teams and        DMC is working with the Logistics
Army regulations and guidance.                           Retrograde Property Assistance Teams.       Support Activity to develop an auto-
                                                         Both teams work with the unit while         mated LCOP. The LCOP will allow
ASC centrally manages the LBE pro-                       still deployed to address unit equipment    support agencies and commanders to
gram with decentralized execution                        redeployment concerns and to assist the     access an overall picture of a unit’s
through the ASC Global Property                          unit with building its reset plan.          equipment on hand against the unit’s
Management Support Services contract                                                                 authorizations, and display the sourc-
and/or its LBE Task Order Property Ac-                   The redeploying unit enters its plan        ing solutions to fill shortages identified
countability contractor. The LBE pro-                    for all deployed equipment into the         during the reset and LBE process.
gram leverages support from the AFSBs                    Automated Reset Management Tool
and their subordinate units and works                    (ARMT) to acquire disposition in-           Through the establishment of AFSBs,
with the LCMCs, IMCOM DOLs,                              structions for each item’s Source of Re-    DMC, and DMTs, ASC has eased the
FLRDs, and other service providers to                    pair (SOR). ARMT automatically              strain on combatant commanders by
facilitate LBE program execution.                        identifies Automatic Return Items to        effectively managing the Army’s reset
                                                         be repaired in a sustainment-level re-      and LBE missions. The message from
Following the deploying unit’s Prede-                    pair facility (e.g., a depot). The re-      ASC’s team of logisticians to unit
ployment Site Survey and/or leaders’                     mainder of the equipment loaded into        commanders is clear: “Your equipment
reconnaissance, the supporting AFSB                      ARMT will be considered field level         concerns are our equipment concerns.
will alert ASC that the unit requires                    and is repaired either by the unit or its   We will stand beside you as you ad-
LBE management assistance. The                           supporting DOLs/FLRCs.                      dress those concerns, whether you are
DMC then initiates coordination with                                                                 leading Soldiers into combat or train-
the Army commands (ACOMs), Army                          After building plans in ARMT, planning      ing them for the next fight.”
Service Component Commands, or                           occurs among LCMCs, AFSBs, LSEs,
Direct Reporting Units to define the                     DOLs, FLRCs, and the DMC to deter-
mission parameters and set conditions                    mine the workload allocation, which is      MAJ MARK E. YOUNG is the Opera-
for a smooth transfer of equipment                       focused on installations by region to de-   tions and Integration Chief, ASC DMC,
and property book records to ASC.                        termine unit timelines, density of equip-   Rock Island Arsenal. He holds a B.S. in
                                                         ment, and SORs. The AFSB or LSE             human resource management from
ASC, supported by appropriate                            conducts an initial analysis, provides      Faulkner Christian University.
LCMCs, will then maintain LBE to                         recommendations for field-level SORs,

             20      JULY - SEPTEMBER 2008

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