丕賱毓乇亘賷丞

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丕賱毓乇亘賷丞 Powered By Docstoc
					    ‫العربية‬
    ‫‪Arabi‬‬
‫‪c‬‬             ‫1‬
Greetings
   You always greet people back as well or
    better.
   Different types of “hello”:
       Ehlen…    (hi)
       Marhaben… (welcome)
       Esselem… (peace)



                                          2
Tunisia          (questions)
   Indonesia? Tanzania?
   African?
   Borders?




                               3
Muslim vs. M-E vs. Arab
   Noun             Adjective
               (country or person)
   Islam              Muslim

 Middle East       Middle Eastern

   Arabic          Arab (Arabian)

                                    4
       Muslim Country
It’s a country whose official religion is Islam.
In other words, the Koran would be somewhat
   integrated into the Constitution. Generally, the
   majority (over 50%) of the population of that country
   is Muslim.
For example:
 In Tunisia, 80% of the population is Muslim (5%
   Christian, 5% Jewish…).
 France, Spain, USA

 Bangladesh                                           5
Muslim Countries




                   6
Middle Eastern
Country
It’s a country that’s geographically
   located in the Middle East.
The Middle Eastern region is on the right
   side of the Red Sea, between Africa and
   the Far East.




                                         7
Middle Eastern
Countries




                 8
Arab Country
It’s a country whose official language is
   Arabic.
For example, Arabic would be the 1st
   language taught in elementary school,
   and the language used in the news and
   to conduct interior governmental
   business…


                                        9
Arab Countries




                 10
          Muslim vs. M-E vs. Arab
   Summary:
       The difference between an Arab, Middle-Eastern, and
        Muslim person has nothing to with their ethnicity or what
        they look like.
       Muslim: religion (Islam)
       Middle-Eastern: geography (Middle East)
       Arab: language (Arabic)

   Current conflicts:
       Iran? Iraq?
       Afghanistan? Pakistan?
       Israel? Palestine?
                                                                    11
      Muslim vs. M-E vs. Arab
     Countries            Arab        Middle          Muslim
                                      Eastern
    Saudi Arabia/          Yes            Yes           Yes
    Iraq/Palestine

Tunisia/Morocco/Libya      Yes            No            Yes
                                     (North Africa)
         Iran           No (Farsi)        Yes           Yes

        Israel             No             Yes            No
                        (Hebrew)                      (Jewish)
                                                              12
Tunisia          (answers)
   African, Arab, Muslim, Mediterranean
   Tunisian, Arabic, French, Italian,
    English…
   Tuna, dates, olives, olive oil
   Wealthy, peaceful
   Muslims, Christians, Jews


                                           13
           East meets West:
           Culture
                      North Africa                  Middle East
                    (Morocco to Libya)               & Egypt

numbers         0123456789                   ٠١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩

calendar        Solar: 365 days              Lunar: 355 days (seasons
                                               not matched w/dates)

weekend         Sat-Sun (Fri is Holly-day,   Thurs-Fri or Fri-Sat
                   but not a day-off)        (Fri is the Holly-day)

Islam           Less restricted              More restricted

                                                                      14
         Local Expressions
            MSA        Fez      Tunis      Cairo     Beirut    Baghdad


 Good     Sabeho-     SbaH       Sba      SabaaH     SabaaH     SbaaH
morning   lkhayree    lkhir     kheer     il-kheer   l-kheer    lkheer

How are    keyfe     laa bas    le bes    izzayyak   kiifak    shloonak
 you?     halooke

 Good,    beekhayr   mzyan      le bes    kuwayyis   mniiH       zein
  fine

Goodbye    mea-      bsslama   bisslema     ma’a     ma’a     ma’a
          sseleme                         ssalaama ssalaame ssalaama
                                                                        15
         East meets West: Language
                               North Africa                Middle East
                             (Morocco to Libya)             & Egypt
vocab in dialect        Influences: Berber + lots of • Closer to Fos’ha
                            French + some Italian    • Influences: English +
                                                       little-French
Fos’ha                  Most accurate               Some frontal letters are
                                                      pronounced deep
writing/typing                                      Egypt only: final ‫ ﻱ‬omits
                                                      the dots (‫)ی‬
hand-writing             Similar to typing         Many letters written in
                         No ‫ ; ك‬only ‫ﻜ‬               fast-style
Different pronunciations ‫ق‬                          ‫كظذجثضق‬
                                                                               16
Arabic Alphabet




                  17
             Regional
             Pronunciations
Consonant   Morocco   South-Tunisia   Libya   Egypt 1       Egypt 2   Palestine   Lebanon      Jordan         Iraq


  ‫ث‬            t                                 t            s           t         s

   ‫ج‬                                            dj or gu?

   ‫ذ‬                                            z             d         d/z

 ‫ض‬                                                      d

   ‫ظ‬                                                    z

  ‫ق‬                       gu          gu                a                a          a
                                                                                                              gu
                                                                                                          (sometimes)

   ‫ك‬                                                                                            ts
                                                                                            (sometimes)
                                                                                                              ch
                                                                                                                   18
                                                                                                          (sometimes)
Arabic Stuff
   Written vs. oral Arabic:
       Oral (incl. dialect): no vowel after the last
        consoant of the word
   Arabic words in the English language:
       Vocab: Cat, table, algebra, chemistry…
       Names: California, Sarah, Leyla, Samy,
        Jasmine…


                                                        19
    Arabic vs.
    Languages
   Alphabet easier (than Chinese/Japanese)
   Vowels easier (than English/French)
   No verb “to be”
   More precise vocab (than English)
   Easier vocab: 3-letter roots
   Easier conjugation (than Engl./Span./Fren.)
       only 2 tenses: past & present
   Fun: writing from right to left!         20
Learn to read & write
anything in Arabic in only
1 month!




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