A New Zealand perspective
New Zealand Internet governance.
The following case studies:
.nz ccTLD management
Where in the world is New Zealand?
Government with its hands off
Internet Governance in New Zealand is “Government
hands off”, stakeholder driven, best practice based.
Government‟s preference is to avoid regulation or
legislation where it can, and to intervene only when
Follows a common theme in New Zealand policy and
Some case studies explain this further…
The NZ Government would rather not regulate,
where it can avoid doing so.
Preference is to leave it to the “experts”.
InternetNZ is one expert, along with other
organisations like TUANZ, Computer Society, ICTNZ
and Internet Safety Group.
Government seeks to empower InternetNZ to do the
job, on behalf of the local Internet community.
What is InternetNZ?
We are a not-for-profit Incorporated Society –
governed by members and volunteers.
We manage the .nz domain name space, and own
the .nz domain name registry, which provides most
of our funding.
We are involved in a wide range of public policy and
technical issues relating to the Internet. (e.g. WHOIS)
Our constitution requires us to act in the best
interests of the local Internet community rather than
in the best interests of our members.
“The Internet, open and uncaptureable, offering high
performance and unfettered access to all.”
.nz ccTLD management
A good example of “hands off”.
NO legislation or regulations.
Managed by a series of contracts and agreements
between relevant parties, with defined policies and
Governed by an InternetNZ Committee (the .nz
Regulated by the world‟s first privately appointed
“Domain Name Commissioner”.
The .nz Domain Name Space
Authorisation Agreement Service Level Agreement
Our rule is to consult with *all* stakeholders
In our monopoly .nz registry, we have 85%
of registrants “satisfied”.
Registrants have approved up to NZ$6 per
annum for use on non .nz related INZ
Telecom NZ privatised in 1990
Now joined by TelstraClear and other, smaller telco
No specific sector regulation – ordinary competition
law only until 2001
2001 Telecommunications Act still extremely light-
handed by international standards
This follows the “hands off” approach already
InternetNZ, a civil society body, made high quality
submissions on a review of the Act‟s framework
Recently engaged in an ongoing „determination‟ on
Unbundled Bitstream Service – the local substitute
for local loop unbundling.
Why InternetNZ involvement? It was seen as
important to provide a voice for consumers and small
ISPs, whose views have not been represented in
regulatory proceedings before.
Only likely threat to the regulatory status quo
(“hands-off”) is the (monopoly-like) behaviour of the
Government produced a draft Digital Strategy for public
feedback in June 2004, final version released in May
Specific outcomes linked to specific funding, and agencies
held accountable for delivery.
Strong preference for private sector delivery – e.g. $24m
fund for development of local open-access fibre networks
by community organisations & local govt, not central
Once again, a “hands off” approach. The Strategy
facilitates, but does not control, development.
Key initiative where InternetNZ has sought
legislative back-up for an Anti-Spam Code of
Unusual for InternetNZ to promote the concept
of legislation on anything.
Legislation should be before Parliament this
InternetNZ and Victoria University (Wellington)
School of Law joint venture to appoint a Fellow
Worldwide search; expect to announce first
Fellow next week.
InternetNZ contributes NZ$85k per year, VUW
contributes resources and management.
Output is a major research paper on issue in
InternetNZ has held multi-stakeholder workshops on
InternetNZ has scripted and trialled use of PUA / UCI in
Releasing report on “wooden-man” model for ENUM
trial in NZ.
InternetNZ and TCF have a joint ENUM Task Force.
Parliamentary Internet Caucus
Establishment process nearly complete.
Any Members of Parliament with an interest in
Internet activities can belong.
InternetNZ provides access to expertise in the
MP‟s expressed areas of interest.
Committed to open source solutions:
Released source code for Shared Registry System
Releasing source code for PUA for ENUM
Codes of Practice
ISP CoP consultation completed and will be launched in next
Commencing Internet Café CoP consultation soon
InternetNZ will be hosting the ICANN meeting in
Wellington, March 2006.
InternetNZ is a provider of funding for many
Internet related activities, including:
Seed funding for Interoperability testing laboratory
Seed funding for Next Generation Internet
Secretariat to APTLD, APCAUCE and other Asia
Pacific based organisations
Co-sponsor with NZ Government to recruit entries
to the WSA web site awards for Tunisia
Pacific Internet Partnership (PIP) programme
evolved as part of outreach for technical
excellence in the Pacific Islands:
UNESCO and UNDP partner with InternetNZ and
Recognises the place of NZ in the South Pacific
Pacific Island Outreach
NZ Population * Island Population **
Samoa 115,817 170,900
Cook 52,569 19,300
Tonga 40,716 99,400
Niue 20,148 1,900
Fiji 7,041 -
Tokelau 6,204 1,500
Tuvalu 1,965 10,000
TOTAL 244,460 303,000
* Source – NZ Department of Statistics (Census 2001)
** Source – South Pacific Commission Demographic /
20 Population programme (2001 Estimate)
In New Zealand, “Internet Governance” is
dominated by non-state actors.
Relationship between government and the
local Internet community is stable, healthy
No major drivers for change to this status
quo are apparent.
A different example of a fully functional
public private partnership.
Small, but perfectly formed.