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					Internet Governance


 A New Zealand perspective
             Introduction

    New Zealand Internet governance.
    The following case studies:
       .nz ccTLD management
       Telecommunications regulation
       Digital Strategy
       Anti-Spam
       ENUM
       Outreach
    Conclusion
2
Where in the world is New Zealand?




3
Government with its hands off
    Internet Governance in New Zealand is “Government
    hands off”, stakeholder driven, best practice based.

    Government‟s preference is to avoid regulation or
    legislation where it can, and to intervene only when
    absolutely necessary

    Follows a common theme in New Zealand policy and
    regulation development.

    Some case studies explain this further…

4
            General Position
    The NZ Government would rather not regulate,
    where it can avoid doing so.

    Preference is to leave it to the “experts”.

    InternetNZ is one expert, along with other
    organisations like TUANZ, Computer Society, ICTNZ
    and Internet Safety Group.

    Government seeks to empower InternetNZ to do the
    job, on behalf of the local Internet community.
5
         What is InternetNZ?
    We are a not-for-profit Incorporated Society –
    governed by members and volunteers.
    We manage the .nz domain name space, and own
    the .nz domain name registry, which provides most
    of our funding.
    We are involved in a wide range of public policy and
    technical issues relating to the Internet. (e.g. WHOIS)
    Our constitution requires us to act in the best
    interests of the local Internet community rather than
    in the best interests of our members.

“The Internet, open and uncaptureable, offering high
    performance and unfettered access to all.”

6
       .nz ccTLD management
    A good example of “hands off”.

    NO legislation or regulations.

    Managed by a series of contracts and agreements
    between relevant parties, with defined policies and
    procedures.

    Governed by an InternetNZ Committee (the .nz
    Oversight Committee).

    Regulated by the world‟s first privately appointed
    “Domain Name Commissioner”.
7
    The .nz Domain Name Space

                                InternetNZ

                                  NZOC


                                   DNC
      Authorisation Agreement                 Service Level Agreement


Authorised
Registrars     Registrant
               Agreement
                                Registrants
                                                                NZRS
                        Connection Agreement

8
              Consultation
    Our rule is to consult with *all* stakeholders
    *always*.

    In our monopoly .nz registry, we have 85%
    of registrants “satisfied”.

    Registrants have approved up to NZ$6 per
    annum for use on non .nz related INZ
    activities.
9
        Telecoms Regulation
     Telecom NZ privatised in 1990
     Now joined by TelstraClear and other, smaller telco
     providers
     No specific sector regulation – ordinary competition
     law only until 2001
     2001 Telecommunications Act still extremely light-
     handed by international standards
     This follows the “hands off” approach already
     discussed.
     InternetNZ, a civil society body, made high quality
     submissions on a review of the Act‟s framework
10
      Telecoms Regulation…
     Recently engaged in an ongoing „determination‟ on
     Unbundled Bitstream Service – the local substitute
     for local loop unbundling.

     Why InternetNZ involvement? It was seen as
     important to provide a voice for consumers and small
     ISPs, whose views have not been represented in
     regulatory proceedings before.

     Only likely threat to the regulatory status quo
     (“hands-off”) is the (monopoly-like) behaviour of the
     incumbent telco.
11
                Digital Strategy
     Government produced a draft Digital Strategy for public
     feedback in June 2004, final version released in May
     2005.
     Specific outcomes linked to specific funding, and agencies
     held accountable for delivery.
     Strong preference for private sector delivery – e.g. $24m
     fund for development of local open-access fibre networks
     by community organisations & local govt, not central
     govt.
     Once again, a “hands off” approach. The Strategy
     facilitates, but does not control, development.
12
                  Anti-Spam
     Key initiative where InternetNZ has sought
     legislative back-up for an Anti-Spam Code of
     Practice.

     Unusual for InternetNZ to promote the concept
     of legislation on anything.

     Legislation should be before Parliament this
     year.
13
                  Cyber Law
     InternetNZ and Victoria University (Wellington)
     School of Law joint venture to appoint a Fellow
     of Cyberlaw.
     Worldwide search; expect to announce first
     Fellow next week.
     InternetNZ contributes NZ$85k per year, VUW
     contributes resources and management.
     Output is a major research paper on issue in
     “cyberlaw”.

14
                        ENUM
     InternetNZ has held multi-stakeholder workshops on
     ENUM

     InternetNZ has scripted and trialled use of PUA / UCI in
     NZ.

     Releasing report on “wooden-man” model for ENUM
     trial in NZ.

     InternetNZ and TCF have a joint ENUM Task Force.

15
     Parliamentary Internet Caucus

     Establishment process nearly complete.

     Any Members of Parliament with an interest in
     Internet activities can belong.

     InternetNZ provides access to expertise in the
     MP‟s expressed areas of interest.



16
                       Outreach
     Committed to open source solutions:
         Released source code for Shared Registry System
         Releasing source code for PUA for ENUM


     Codes of Practice
         ISP CoP consultation completed and will be launched in next
         quarter
         Commencing Internet Café CoP consultation soon


     InternetNZ will be hosting the ICANN meeting in
     Wellington, March 2006.

17
                    Outreach
     InternetNZ is a provider of funding for many
     Internet related activities, including:
        Seed funding for Interoperability testing laboratory
        Seed funding for Next Generation Internet
        consortium
        Secretariat to APTLD, APCAUCE and other Asia
        Pacific based organisations
        Co-sponsor with NZ Government to recruit entries
        to the WSA web site awards for Tunisia


18
                   Outreach
     Pacific Internet Partnership (PIP) programme
     evolved as part of outreach for technical
     excellence in the Pacific Islands:
        UNESCO and UNDP partner with InternetNZ and
        jointly fund
        Recognises the place of NZ in the South Pacific




19
            Pacific Island Outreach
                       NZ Population *       Island Population **
 Samoa                         115,817                      170,900
 Cook                           52,569                       19,300
 Tonga                          40,716                       99,400
 Niue                           20,148                        1,900
 Fiji                            7,041                            -
 Tokelau                         6,204                        1,500
 Tuvalu                          1,965                       10,000
 TOTAL                         244,460                      303,000
     * Source – NZ Department of Statistics (Census 2001)

     ** Source – South Pacific Commission Demographic /
20   Population programme (2001 Estimate)
                 Summary
     In New Zealand, “Internet Governance” is
     dominated by non-state actors.

     Relationship between government and the
     local Internet community is stable, healthy
     and functional.

     No major drivers for change to this status
     quo are apparent.
21
                Conclusion
     A different example of a fully functional
     public private partnership.

     Small, but perfectly formed. 




22
      Thank you




      Keith Davidson
       Executive Director

     keith@internetnz.net.nz


     www.internetnz.net.nz
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