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									United States History to 1877

           Review
Which body of water was the
   gateway to the west?

   Ohio River
Which body of water located in the
Midwest would you find inland port
             cities?




The Great Lakes
Which body of water provided the
    French and Spanish with
exploration routes to Mexico and
    other parts of America?



Gulf of Mexico
  Which body of water was a
  highway for explorers, early
 settlers, and later immigrants?




Atlantic Ocean
  Which body of water was
explored by Lewis and Clark?




Columbia River
Which body of water forms the
border between Mexico and the
        United States?




 Rio Grande
  Which two bodies of water were
transportation arteries for industrial
       and farm products?



     Mississippi and
     Missouri Rivers
Which bodies of water was have
allowed the United States access
    to other areas of the world?



 Atlantic and
Pacific Oceans
How do bodies of water create
    links to other areas?



      Support trade,
    transportation, and
        settlement
  Which geographical region has
broad lowlands and many excellent
            harbors?



     Coastal Plain
  Which geographical region is
located along the Atlantic Ocean
      and Gulf of Mexico?




Coastal Plain
  Which geographical region has
rolling flat lands with many rivers?




 Interior Lowlands
Which geographical region has
broad river valleys and grassy
             hills?



 Interior Lowlands
   Which geographical region is
located west of the Coastal Plain?




      Appalachian
       Mountains
Which geographical region has the
 oldest mountain range in North
           America?



      Appalachian
       Mountains
Which geographical region extends
 from eastern Canada to western
            Alabama?



      Appalachian
       Mountains
Which geographical region has
     eroded mountains?



     Appalachian
      Mountains
  Which geographical region is
wrapped around the Hudson Bay
 and shaped like a horseshoe?



     Canadian
      Shield
 Which geographical region holds
some of the oldest rock formations
       in North America?



   Appalachian
    Mountains
Which geographical region has hills
 worn by erosion and hundreds of
    lakes carved by glaciers?



   Canadian Shield
 Which geographical region is
 located west the Appalachian
Mountains and east of the Great
           Plains?



Interior Lowlands
 Which geographical region is
  located west of the Interior
Lowlands and east of the Rocky
         Mountains?


     Great Plains
Which geographical region has flat
 land that gradually increases in
       elevation westward?




    Great Plains
Which geographical region
 consist of grasslands?



   Great Plains
   Which geographical region is
 located west of the Great Plains
and east of the Basin and Range?



       Rocky
      Mountains
  Which geographical region has
rugged mountains stretching from
    Alaska almost to Mexico?




Rocky Mountains
  Which geographical region
contains the Continental Divide?



Rocky Mountains
 Which geographical region
 consist of high elevations?



Rocky Mountains
 Which geographical region is
  located west of the Rocky
Mountains and east of the Sierra
 Nevadas and the Cascades?



Basin and Range
Which geographical region is
 consist of Death Valley?



Basin and Range
What is the lowest point in North
           America?



    Death Valley
    Which geographical region
contains isolated mountain ranges?




Basin and Range
  Which geographical region has
rugged mountains along the Pacific
            Coast?




  Coastal Range
Which geographical region
 contains fertile valleys?



Coastal Range
Which geographical region
stretches from California to
         Canada?




Coastal Range
  Which Native American group
inhabited present day Alaska and
        Northern Canada?




           Inuit
Which First American group
  lived in Arctic areas?



         Inuit
  Which First American group
lived in freezing temperatures?



           Inuit
 Which Native American group
inhabited the Pacific Northwest
            Coast?




      Kwakiutl
Which First American group
lived in a rainy mild climate?



      Kwakiutl
Which Native American group lived
in the heavily forested Northeast?




         Iroquois
How did geography and climate
 impact how American Indian
groups met their basic needs?



Shelter was made of
 resources found in
 their environment.
 What are some examples of
  resources used by Native
Americans to build their shelter?



Sod, stones, animal
 skins, and wood.
Which Native American group
 inhabited the Southwest?



       Pueblo
   Which Native American group
inhabited present-day New Mexico
           and Arizona?




         Pueblo
  Which Native American group
inhabited desert areas and areas
 bordering cliffs and mountains?




         Pueblo
  Which Native American group
inhabited the interior of the United
   States characterized by dry
           grasslands?



           Sioux
   Which Native American group
inhabited the Eastern Woodlands?




        Iroquois
 What economic reasons
  motivated explorers?



   Gold, natural
resources, and trade
What religious reason encouraged
     European exploration?




      Spread of
      Christianity
How did competition encourage
         exploration?



Build an empire and
 belief in superiority
   of own culture
    Name four obstacles to
       exploration?
• poor maps and navigational
  tools
• fear of the unknown
• disease/starvation,
• lack of adequate supplies
What are three accomplishments of
           exploration?



• Exchanged goods and ideas
• Improved navigational tools and ships
• Claimed territories
Who claimed the Southwest for
          Spain?



      Francisco
      Coronado
What settlement did Samuel
  Champlain establish?



      Quebec
What area did Robert La Salle
           claim?



Mississippi River
     Valley
What area did John Cabot
        explore?



Eastern Canada
What area did the Portuguese
         explore?



    West Africa
What European group conquered
  and enslaved the American
           Indians?




       Spanish
What European country brought
Christianity to the New World?



       Spanish
Which European country brought
diseases that destroyed Native
    American population?




       Spanish
 Which European country
established trading posts?



      French
Which European country was most
influential in spreading Christianity?




           French
 Which European country
established settlements and
claimed ownership of land?




      English
Which European country learned
 farming techniques from the
       American Indian?




        English
Which European country traded
  with the First Americans?



        English
   Which interactions between
 Europeans and American Indians
  were examples of cooperation?



• Technologies
• Trade
• Crops
      Which interactions between
    Europeans and American Indians
       were examples of conflict?

•   Land
•   Competition for trade
•   Differences in cultures
•   Disease
•   Language difference
Which three west African societies
 became powerful by controlling
             trade?



• Mali
• Songhai
• Ghana
From 300 to 600 AD, which area
 did Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
          dominate?




    West Africa
What did the Portuguese trade with
 African societies to obtain gold?



  Metals, cloth, and
  other manufactured
  goods from Europe
 Which colony was established as
an economic venture but was NOT
           successful?




 Roanoke Island
What was the first permanent
 English settlement in North
          America?




  Jamestown
Which colony was started in 1607
  as an economic venture for
           England?




     Jamestown
    Who financed the first
permanent English settlement?



Virginia Company
 Who settled the Plymouth
         Colony?



Separatists from the
 Church of England
Why was the Plymouth colony
          settled?



  Separatists who
   wanted to avoid
religious persecution
What religious group settled the
 Massachusetts Bay Colony?



        Puritans
   For what reason was the
  Massachusetts Bay Colony
           settled?



Puritans who wanted
  to avoid religious
     persecution
What religious group settled
      Pennsylvania?



      Quakers
 Who settled Georgia?



 People who had
 been in debtor’s
prisons in England
What did English debtors hope
  to do in the New World?



Experience a new life
  in the colony and
 economic freedom
 Which colonial region would have
hilly terrain, rocky soil and a jagged
                coastline?




    New England
Which colonial region would you
 find many diverse religions?



     Mid-Atlantic
Which colonial region would you
      find market towns?



     Mid-Atlantic
Which colonial region contains
    the Boston Harbor?



  New England
Which colonial region would laws
 have been in town meetings?




  New England
Which colonial region would you
   find religious reformists?



   New England
Which colonial region would the
 church be the center of life?



          South
Which colonial region would people
   have made a living by fishing,
 shipbuilding, and naval supplies?




   New England
 Which colonial region would you
  find the geographical features:
Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal
              Plain?



          South
Which colonial region would you
    find a humid climate?



          South
 Which colonial region would you
find large plantations, cash crops
           and slavery?




          South
Which colonial region would there
 be counties with few cities, few
            schools?




          South
Which colonial region would you
 find the Church of England?



          South
Which colonial region would people
make their living from livestock and
                grain?




     Mid-Atlantic
Which colonial region would large
 land owners live in mansion on
          plantations?




          South
What is an indentured servants?



Men and women who did not have
     money for passage to the
   colonies and agreed to work
  without pay for the person who
       paid for their passage
Which colonial groups relied on
 family members for labor?



        farmers
What colonial group worked as
         craftsmen?



       artisans
What colonial group worked as
caretakers, houseworkers, and
        homemakers?




       women
What colonial group could not
           vote?



       women
What colonial group were sold
 and treated as property?



        slaves
Who controlled colonial trade?




       England
 Why did England need to tax
        the colonies?



To pay for the French
   and Indian War
What did colonies trade for
 manufactured goods?



Raw materials
Who enforced colonial laws?




     Colonial
     governors
Who made colonial laws?




    Colonial
  legislatures
Who appointed the colonial
      governors?



The King or the
  proprietor
     What was the economical
relationship between England and
           the colonies?



England tried to establish
and maintain control over
      colonial trade
What was the political relationship
   between England and the
           colonies?



 Colonists had to
 obey English laws
     What were two reasons for
  England’s taxation of the colonies?



• finance the French and Indian War
• Help maintain English troops in
  the colonies
 What were sources for colonial
       dissatisfaction?

• No representation in Parliament
• Colonial resentment of the power of the
  colonial governors
• Opposition to taxes
• Proclamation of 1763
 What was the purpose of the
   Proclamation of 1763?



Hindered the western
    movement of
       settlers
What English law-making body did
the colonists feel that they had no
         representation?




      Parliament
Why did England want to control
         the colonies?


• England wanted to remain a
  world power
• Raise revenue to pay for the
  French and Indian War
  Who said: “People have natural
rights to life, liberty, and property”?




      John Locke
  What are the ideas of John
           Locke?

• Government is created to
  protect the rights of people
• Government power is
  limited and specific to what
  the people give it
  Which document addresses the
inalienable rights of life, liberty and
      the pursuit of happiness?




   Declaration of
   Independence
   What are the key points of the
   Declaration of Independence ?

• People have certain inalienable rights
• People establish governments to
  protect those rights
• People have a right and duty to
  change a government that violates
  their rights
 Which document proclaimed
independence from England?



 Declaration of
 Independence
 Where did Thomas Jefferson
believe government derived its
           power?




   The people
 Why are governments
    established?


To protect the
 rights of the
    people
   What can people do when
governments fails to protect their
           rights?



 Have the duty and
 right to change the
     government
What inherent rights did the
Declaration of Independence
        emphasize?



   Natural Rights
Life, liberty, and the
pursuit of happiness
  How did the ideas of the
Declaration of Independence
   influence the people?



 Created a desire for
 independence and a
democratic government
Who was the British king during
   the Revolutionary era?



 King George III
Who was the British general
who surrender to Yorktown?



Lord Cornwallis
Who was the commander of the
     continental army?



      George
     Washington
What colonial leader championed
 the cause of independence?




   John Adams
Who was the major author of the
 Declaration of Independence?




       Thomas
       Jefferson
What outspoken member of the
House of Burgesses proclaimed,
  “Give me liberty or give me
           death!”?



  Patrick Henry
What journalist was the author
    of Common Sense?



 Thomas Paine
  What prominent member of the
 Continental Congress help frame
the Declaration of Independence?




      Benjamin
       Franklin
What former slave wrote poems
and plays supporting American
        independence?




Phyllis Wheatley
What patriot warned the colonist,
  “The British are coming!”?




   Paul Revere
In which event were colonist shot
  after taunting British soldiers?




Boston Massacre
In which event did Samuel Adams
 and Paul Revere lead patriots to
      throw tea in a harbor?




Boston Tea Party
In which event did delegates meet
 to discuss problems with England
    and promote independence?




First Continental
    Congress
In which event did the first armed
conflict occur during the American
            Revolution?



Battle of Lexington
   and Concord
When was the Declaration of
 Independence approved?



   July 4, 1776
Which battle was the turning point
  of the American Revolution?




        Battle of
        Saratoga
What was the final battle of the
    Revolutionary War?



    Surrender at
     Yorktown
What did the battle at Yorktown
           signify?



  Marked the end of
  the Revolutionary
        War
 Who was defeated at
     Yorktown?



Lord Cornwallis
What treaty ended the American
          Revolution?



  Treaty of Paris
 What were the results of the treaty
that ended the Revolutionary War?



       Recognized
        American
      Independence
 Why were the colonist able to
    defeat Great Britain?

• Colonist:
  –were defending their own land,
   principles, and beliefs
  –Had support from Spain and France
  –Had strong leadership
  What two European countries
supported the colonies during the
     American Revolution?




France and Spain
What was the first written plan
of government for the nation?



   Articles of
  Confederation
  Name the weaknesses of the
   Articles of Confederation?

• Weak national government
• Congress had no power to tax or regulate
  commerce among states
• No common currency
• Each state had one vote regardless of size
• No executive or judicial branch
  The Articles of Confederation
provided for what type of national
          government?




          Weak
The Articles of Confederation gave
  each state how many votes?




            One
 The Articles of Confederation did
not provide for which two branches
          of government?




   Executive and
      Judicial
The Articles of Confederation did
not give Congress the ability to do
      what regarding trade?




         regulate
The Articles of Confederation lead
   to the construction of which
            document?



The Constitution of
 the United States
What is separation of powers?



Three separate branches of
 government with different
    and distinct powers
What did James Madison’s
   Virginia Plan do?



 Called for three
separate branches
  of government
What is the federal system of
        government?

  A system that divides
  governmental powers
   between the national
   government and the
 government of the states
What is the purpose of the
  legislative branch?



  Congress
makes the laws
Who makes the laws for the
        nation?



    Congress
Which two houses make up the
     legislative branch?



     House of
Representatives and
    the Senate
Which house of Congress has
   equal representation?



       Senate
Which house of Congress is
 based upon population?



  House of
Representatives
The US Constitution dictates that
 each state will have how many
           senators?




            Two
Which branch of government
  determines if laws are
      constitutional?




      Judicial
What is the highest court of the
       Judicial Branch?



 Supreme Court
Which executive leader carries
        out the laws?



      President
Which basic principle ensures a
      balance of power?



    Checks and
     balances
What are the first ten amendments
 of the US Constitution called?




    Bill of Rights
Who was the author of the Bill
        of Rights?



James Madison
Freedom of Speech and Freedom
of Religion are examples of what
          type of rights?




First Amendment
What in the US Constitution
guarantees individual rights?



  Bill of Rights
Which political party was lead
 by Alexander Hamilton?



     Federalist
Which political party favored
strong national government?



     Federalist
Which political party wanted to
    limit states’ powers?



    Democratic
    Republicans
Which political party favored the
 development of industry on a
       national scale?




      Federalist
Which political party favored a
       national bank?



      Federalist
Which political party was Thomas
    Jefferson the leader of?




    Democratic
    Republicans
Which political party opposed a
 strong national government?



    Democratic
    Republicans
Which political party supported
       states’ powers?



    Democratic
    Republicans
Which political party favored
small business and farmers?



   Democratic
   Republicans
Which political party opposed a
       national bank?



    Democratic
    Republicans
  Under which of the first five
presidents was the federal court
      system established?




     George
    Washington
  Under which of the first five
  presidents did Hamilton and
Jefferson disagree regarding the
     role of the government?



     George
    Washington
  Under which of the first five
presidents did the Bill of Rights
   become a part of the US
         Constitution?



     George
    Washington
    Under which of the first five
presidents did plans for the national
          capital develop?




       George
      Washington
   Under which of the first five
presidents did Benjamin Banneker
help complete the designs for the
         national capital?



      George
     Washington
    Under which of the first five
presidents did the two party system
             emerge?




     John Adams
 Under which of the first five
presidents was the Louisiana
    territory purchased?




      Thomas
      Jefferson
  Under which of the first five
presidents had Lewis and Clark
  explore the land west of the
          Mississippi?



       Thomas
       Jefferson
  Under which of the first five
presidents did the War of 1812
            occur?




James Madison
What was the result of the War
          of 1812?



  European nations
  gained respect for
  the United States
 What was the purpose of the
     Monroe Doctrine?



Warned European nations
  to not interfere in the
  Western Hemisphere
Which of the first five Presidents
 gave a warning to European
            nations?




 James Monroe
   Who was the famous African
American astronomer and surveyor
 who helped to design the national
               city?



       Benjamin
       Banneker
   What new territories were
added between 1801 and 1861?

•   Louisiana Territory
•   Florida
•   Texas
•   Oregon
•   California
Which territory was purchased
        from France?



      Louisiana
      Purchase
Which territory doubled the size
    of the United States?



       Louisiana
        Territory
 Which territory was gained
through a treaty with Spain?



       Florida
Which territory was added after it
became an independent republic?




          Texas
Which territory was divided by the
United States and Great Britain?




         Oregon
Which territory was gained as a
 result of war with Mexico?



      California
  How far did Lewis and Clark
explore the Louisiana Purchase?




Mississippi River to
 the Pacific Ocean
 What two factors influenced
westward expansion prior to the
          Civil War?




Geography and
  Economy
 How did population in the east
influence westward movement?



 Population grew in
 eastern states which
  forced people west
What economic factors encouraged
      westward movement?

• Gold (California Gold Rush),
• logging,
• farming,
• freedom (runaway slaves)
What economic opportunities were
available in areas like California?




            Gold
What types of transportation made
westward movement cheaper and
             faster?



•Rivers and Canals
•steamboats
What canal made it faster for
steamboats to pass through?



    Erie Canal
What overland trails allowed for
   westward movement?



    Oregon and
     Santa Fe
 What is Manifest Destiny?


The idea that expansion
 was for the good of the
country and was the right
      of the country
Who invented the cotton gin?




    Eli Whitney
How did the cotton gin impact
  the need for slave labor?



  It increased the
production of cotton
  and more slaves
What invention did Jo Anderson
and Cyrus McCormick create?



        Reaper
How did the reaper impact the
     farm production?



   Increased the
  productivity of the
  American farmer
Who was Robert Fulton?




Inventor of the
  steamboat
How did the steamboat connect
   the South to the North?



   Provided for faster river
  transportation connecting
    Southern plantations to
     Northern industries
   What impact did the steam
locomotive have transportation?



Provided for faster
land transportation
What did abolitionist believe?



Slavery was morally wrong,
  cruel and inhumane, and
  violated the principles of
         democracy
 What was the Suffrage
     movement?


The movement led by strong
  women who began their
campaign before the Civil War
 and continued after the war
           ended
Who were three abolitionist?



   Harriet Tubman
William Lloyd Garrison
 Frederick Douglass
In which movement would you
 most likely hear “All men and
 women were created equal”?




     Suffrage
     Movement
Three prominent leaders during
   the Suffrage Movement?



 Isabel Sojourner Truth
    Susan B. Anthony
 Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Who was Susan B. Anthony?




Suffrage Movement
       leader
 Who was Elizabeth Cady
       Stanton?



Suffrage Movement
       leader
What was the fear of the South
   prior to the Civil War?



 Feared the North
would take control of
     Congress
  What did the South begin to
  proclaim as a means of self-
protection from the North prior to
          the Civil War?



   States’ rights
  What was the North’s belief
regarding the Nation prior to the
           Civil War?



 The nation was a
union and could not
    be divided
What type of issues divided the
 nation prior to the Civil War?


•   Cultural
•   Economic
•   Constitutional
•   Slavery
How did the issue of slavery
    divide the nation?



The South relied on
slave labor while the
    North did not
 How did the North and South
      differ in culture?


• North was mainly an urban
  society
• South was primarily
  agricultural
How did many people in the
 urban North earn a living?



People held jobs
What characterized the culture
       of the South?



 People lived in small
 villages and on farms
     and plantations
How did the cultural issues make it
  difficult for the North and the
                South?



It became very difficult for
     the two to agree on
 social and political issues
What were some economic issues
that divided the North and South?



     The North was a
 manufacturing region while
 the South was agricultural
          region
Why did the North favor tariffs?



Tariffs protected factory
owners and workers from
  foreign competition
  Why did the South oppose
           tariffs?



Tariffs would cause prices
  of manufactured goods
         to increase
How would tariffs impact Southern
 economy prior to the Civil War?



England may stop buying
 cotton from the South if
    tariffs were added
    What was the constitutional
difference between the North and
             South?



States’ rights versus
   a strong central
     government
  If the South did not agree with a
 federal law, what did they believe
they should have the power to do?



The South believed they
had the power to declare
 any national law illegal
What did the North believe was the
power of the national government?



   The North believed the
   national government was
   supreme over that of the
             states
How did the South feel about
          slavery?



South- abolition of
  slavery would
destroy the region
How did the North feel about
          slavery?



North- abolition of
 slavery for moral
     reasons
 What compromises did the nation
attempt to resolve their issues prior
         to the Civil War?


• Missouri Compromise (1820)
• Compromise of 1850
• Kansas-Nebraska Act
   What was the Missouri
      Compromise?



 Missouri would enter the
union as a slave state, while
Maine would enter as a free
            state
What was the Compromise of
          1850?



California was a free state,
    while the Southwest
  territories would decide
        about slavery
What was the Kansas-Nebraska
            Act?



 People decided
 the slavery issue
The concept of having the people
 decide the slavery issue is an
       example of what?




       Poplar
     sovereignty
What was Southern Secession?



   Southern states
   seceded from the
        Union
 What prompted Southern
       Secession?



Abraham Lincoln’s
     election
What began the Civil War?



Confederate forces
attacked Fort Sumter
  in South Carolina
How did many Southerners view
 states and the formation of the
             Union?


 States freely created and
 joined the union and could
    freely leave the union
 How did Abraham Lincoln and
many Northerners view states and
  the formation of the Union?



 United States was on
 nation that could not be
  separated or divided
Which states seceded from the
           Union?

Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
     Georgia, Louisiana,
 Mississippi, North Carolina,
    South Carolina, Texas,
   Tennessee, and Virginia
Which states remained with the
           Union?

 California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
   Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan,
 Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New
   York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode
     Island, Vermont, West Virginia (Western
 counties of Virginia that refused to secede from
             the Union), Wisconsin and
 Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri
Of the states that remained with the
 Union, which states were Border
       states (slave states)?


  Delaware, Kentucky,
     Maryland, and
       Missouri
Who issued the Emancipation
       Proclamation?


   Abraham Lincoln
  Who was president of the
Confederate States of America?


     Jefferson Davis
Who was general of the Union
  army that defeated Lee?


   Ulysses S. Grant
Who was a skilled Confederate
   general from Virginia?


 Thomas “Stonewall”
     Jackson
  Who was a former slaver who
escaped to the North and became
         an abolitionist?


  Frederick Douglass
Who was offered the command of
the Union forces, but chose to not
     fight against Virginians?


      Robert E. Lee
Who opposed secession, but did
not believe the union should be
    held together by force?


     Robert E. Lee
Who urged Southerners to accept
 defeat at the end of the war and
reunite as Americans when some
  wanted to continue to fight ?

      Robert E. Lee
Who wrote the Gettysburg
       Address?


 Abraham Lincoln
Who was determined to preserve
the Union by force if necessary?


   Abraham Lincoln
 What was the Gettysburg
       Address?

 Speech given by Abraham
 Lincoln in which he said the
 Civil War was to preserve a
government “of the people, by
    the people, and for the
           people.”
 What battle began the Civil
            War?


Firing on Fort Sumter,
          S.C.
What battle was the first major
            battle?


  Battle of Manassas
What is another name for the
   Battle of Manassas?


        Bull Run
    How did the Emancipation
Proclamation impact the Civil War?


   It made “freeing the
  slaves” the new focus
        of the war
What was the significance of the
     Battle of Vicksburg?


It divided the South and
    the North controlled
   the Mississippi River
What was the significance of the
    Battle of Gettysburg?


It was the turning point
 of the war. The North
      repelled Lee’s
        invasion.
What was the significance of
Appomattox Court House?


Lee surrender to Grant
 in 1865 which ended
        the war.
 What southern ports did the
       Union block?


Savannah, Charleston,
  and New Orleans.
 Which locations were examples of
each forces trying to capture capital
               cities?

        Richmond
       Capital of the
       Confederacy
      Washington, D.C.
Which location was an attempt to
move to higher ground during the
           Civil War?


        Gettysburg
How were families impacted by
       the Civil War?


  Families were often
   pitted against one
         another
  How did Southern troops
compare to Northern troops?


Southern troops were
 increasingly younger
 and poorly equipped
      and clothed
How did the Civil War impact
   much of the South?


Much of the South was
 devastated - Atlanta
 and Richmond were
        burned
 Who was Clara Barton?


Civil War nurse and
 creator of the Red
       Cross
How were women impacted by
      the Civil War?


Women were left to run
businesses in the North
    and farms and
plantations in the South
When the Confederacy collapsed,
 what happened to Confederate
           money?


    It was worthless
 How did the Civil War impact
    African Americans?

• fought for both the
  Confederacy and the Union
• Less pay
• Discrimination
• Served in segregated units
How did the Confederacy use
          slaves?


Naval crew members
    and soldiers
How did the Union use slaves?


    Enlisted African
   American sailors in
     the war early
 Who was Robert Smalls?



a sailor and later a
Union naval captain
What was Robert Smalls honored
   for during the Civil War?


Bravery and heroism
What did Robert Smalls do after
        the Civil War?


     He became a
     Congressman
What do the 13th, 14th, and 15th
  Amendments address?


 Issues of slavery and
    guarantee equal
  protection under the
   law for all citizens
What is the   13 th   Amendment?



Bans slavery in the
 United States and
any of its territories
What is the   14 th   Amendment?

Grants citizenship to all
  persons born in the
   United States and
guarantees them equal
protection under the law
What is the   15 th   Amendment?

Ensures all citizens the
right to vote regardless
    of race, color, or
   previous servitude
     What were the policies of
        Reconstruction?
• Southern military leaders could not
  hold office
• African Americans gained equal rights
• Northern soldiers supervised the
  South
What were some problems caused
by the policies of Reconstruction?


Southerners resented
 northerners who took
advantage of the South
   What were some benefits that
    arose due to the policies of
         Reconstruction?

•African Americans held
 public office
•Civil Rights Act of 1866
What was the Civil Rights Act of
           1866?

It authorized the use of
    federal troops for
enforcement of the Civil
    Rights Act of 1866

								
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