Docstoc

nihongo-on-computer

Document Sample
nihongo-on-computer Powered By Docstoc
					コンピューターで にほんごを つかおう! (For Windows)

To the teachers
This worksheet has 10 pages.

   Page                                        Title
     1       A    Switching from English mode to Japanese mode (and vice versa)
     2       B    Typing ひらがな (from あ to な)
     3       C    Typing ひらがな (from は to ん)
     4       D    Typing ひらがな with “tenten” and “maru” (が、ざ、だ、ば、ぱ etc.)
    5-6      E    Typing small ひらがな (っ、ゃ、ゅ、ょ)
     6       F    Typing カタカナ (katakana)
     6       G    Punctuation ( “、” and “。”)
    8-9      H    Typing 漢字 (kanji)
   9-10      I    Typing sentences

   ・   For beginner level or lower grade students, you can start with pages 1 to 3 for simple
       hiragana typing.

   ・   As they learn more or get used to simple hiragana typing, they can start learning “が、ざ、
       だ、ば、ぱ etc.” and small hiragana “っ、ゃ、ゅ、ょ” on pages 4 to 6.

   ・   Katakana typing is on page 6 as well.

   ・   Typing kanji (pages 8 and 9) may not be suitable for lower grade students.

   ・   Typing sentences (pages 9 and 10) would be for upper grade students (year 10 and up?)

   ・   Some exercises (Ex. 4, 6, 8, 11 and 12) have keys for your and your students’ convenience.

   ・   If you don’t have time to do this worksheet in the classroom, you can give the sheet as a
       homework assignment.

   ・   If your students haven’t installed IME on their computer, you can give the following URL
       for directions for installing IME.

             http://2c3481e6.realfiles.net
                or
             http://70ef6df3.linkgalleries.net
                or
             http://74989822.thesefiles.com

   ・   This work sheet is in the MS Word format, so you can modify any part if necessary.




                                                 0                               © Shunko Muroya
                    コンピューターで にほんごを つかおう!
Never used Japanese on computers? No problem!! This worksheet will walk you through
 how to type Japanese from ひらがな to 漢字 (kanji) with easy-to-follow exercises.
======================================================================

A Switching from English mode to Japanese mode (and vice versa)

Step 1 Look at the task bar and find the icon EN (usually located at the right hand-side
       bottom corner).




Step 2 Click on the EN icon and click on JP. Alternatively, you can hit Alt and Shift keys at
       the same time to get the same result.




Step 3 The following appears. Click on “A” and click on “ひらがな”. Alternatively, you can hit
       Alt key first, and then hit ~ ` key (usually located at the left hand-side top corner)
       to get the same result.




Step 4 The following (JP and あ) appears. You are ready to type in Japanese.




Step 5 When you need to go back to English mode, just press Shift and Alt at the same time.
       This action will switch the mode from Japanese to English, and vice versa. Just try
       pressing Shift and Alt at the same time and see if the JP and EN icons switch back
       and forth.




                                              1                             © Shunko Muroya
B Typing ひらがな (from あ to な)

B-1 Let’s try “あ” first. It’s easy. Just type “a” for “あ”. You will see “あ” with dotted
    underline (あ). Press the Enter key. The dotted underline will disappear. That’s all.

   Exercise 1 Use the following table and try to type “あ” “い” “う” “え” “お” separately.

        hiragana     あ    い      う       え        お
           key       a    i      u       e        o


B-2 Let’s try “あいうえお” this time. Type “aiueo”. There will be “あいうえお” with
    dotted underline (あいうえお). Press Enter . The dotted underline will disappear.

   Exercise 2 Can you type the following words in Japanese?

       1.いえ (house)                          2.うえ (up, on top)
       3.あお (blue)                           4.あい (love)


B-3 Now we’ll learn from “か” to “な”. Look at the table below and type each line two times.

        hiragana     か         き          く           け          こ
          keys       ka        ki         ku          ke         ko

        hiragana     さ          し         す           せ          そ
          keys       sa       si/shi      su          se         so

        hiragana     た          ち          つ          て          と
          keys       ta       ti/chi     tu/tsu       te         to

        hiragana     な         に          ぬ           ね          の
          keys       na        ni         nu          ne         no

   Exercise 3 Can you type the following Japanese words?

       1.しか (deer)                   2.たき (waterfall)            3.きた (north)
       4.にし (west)                   5.たけ (bamboo)               6.かに (crab)
       7.なに (what)                   8.ぬの (cloth/fabric)         9.さく (fence)
       10.とし (year)                  11.なか (inside)              12.すし (sushi)
       13.すいか (watermelon)           14.かたな (sword)              15.かかし (scarecrow)

   Exercise 4 Can you type the following English words in Japanese?

       1.cat                         2.outside                   3.summer
       4.autumn                      5.shoulder                  6.dog
       7.cow                         8.chair                     9.red
       10.umbrella                   11.fox                      12.fish
       13.desk                       14.clock                    15.world



                                                2                           © Shunko Muroya
C Typing ひらがな (from は to ん)

Let’s learn from “は” to “ん” this time. Look at the table below and type each line two
times.

        hiragana     は         ひ         ふ          へ        ほ
          keys       ha        hi       hu/fu       he       ho

        hiragana    ま          み         む          め        も
          keys      ma         mi        mu         me       mo

        hiragana     や                   ゆ                   よ
          keys       ya                  yu                  yo

        hiragana     ら         り         る          れ        ろ
          keys       ra        ri        ru         re       ro

        hiragana    わ                                        を         ん
          keys      wa                                       wo        nn

   Exercise 5 Can you type the following Japanese words?

      1.よる (night)                  2.ひる (daytime)            3.もも (peach)
      4.むら (village)                5.まる (circle)             6.はら (field)
      7.まゆ (cocoon)                 8.わし (eagle)              9.りす (squirrel)
      10.へいわ (peace)                11.みらい (future)           12.まくら (pillow)
      13.やかん (kettle)               14.ゆみや (bow & arrow)      15.ひとみ (pupil of the eye)

   Exercise 6 Can you type the following English words in Japanese?

      1.book                        2.mountain                3.spring
      4.forest                      5.winter                  6.dream
      7.garden                      8.white                   9.ship
      10.monkey                     11.snow                   12.rain
      13.room                       14.bathroom               15.Mandarin orange

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Exercise 4 Keys

      1.ねこ                          2.そと                      3.なつ
      4.あき                          5.かた                      6.いぬ
      7.うし                          8.いす                      9.あか
      10.かさ                         11.きつね                    12.さかな
      13.つくえ                        14.とけい                    15.せかい

  Exercise 6 Keys

      1.ほん                          2.やま                      3.はる
      4.もり                          5.ふゆ                      6.ゆめ
      7.にわ                          8.しろ                      9.ふね
      10.さる                         11.ゆき                     12.あめ
      13.へや                         14.おふろ                    15.みかん

                                                3                           © Shunko Muroya
D Typing ひらがな with “tenten” and “maru” (が、ざ、だ、ば、ぱ etc.)

D-1 Let’s try to type ひらがな with “tenten” first. Look at the table below and type each
    line two times.

       hiragana     が          ぎ         ぐ          げ       ご
         keys       ga         gi        gu         ge      go

       hiragana     ざ          じ         ず          ぜ       ぞ
         keys       sa         ji        zu         ze      zo

       hiragana     だ         ぢ/じ       づ/ず         で       ど
         keys       da        di/ji     du/zu       de      do

       hiragana     ば          び         ぶ          べ       ぼ
         keys       ba         bi        bu         be      bo

   Exercise 7 Can you type the following Japanese words?

      1.なぞ (mystery)                2.いど (water well)        3.きじ (newspaper article)
      4.かご (basket)                 5.ぎん (silver)            6.そぼ (grandmother)
      7.かぐ (furniture)              8.はだ (skin)              9.がん (cancer)
      10.きず (wound, injury)         11.とげ (splinter)         12.かば (hippopotamus)
      13.ざせき (seat)                 14.まんが (manga)           15.いかだ (raft)

   Exercise 8 Can you type the following English words in Japanese?

      1.knee                        2.wind                   3.taste
      4.water                       5.window                 6.shadow
      7.map                         8.wall                   9.key
      10.bottle                     11.sleeve                12.brush (calligraphy)

D-2 Let’s try to type ひらがな with “maru” next. Look at the table below and type them
    two times.

       hiragana     ぱ          ぴ         ぷ          ぺ       ぽ
         keys       pa         pi        pu         pe      po

   Exercise 9 Can you type the following Japanese onomatopoeias (words which represent
   sound)?

      1.ぱらぱら                        2.ぴかぴか                   3.ぷんぷん
      4.ぺらぺら                        5.ぽかぽか
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――

  Exercise 8 Keys

      1.ひざ                          2.かぜ                     3.あじ
      4.みず                          5.まど                     6.かげ
      7.ちず                          8.かべ                     9.かぎ
      10.びん                         11.そで                    12.ふで



                                                4                         © Shunko Muroya
E Typing small ひらがな (っ、ゃ、ゅ、ょ)

E-1 For small “っ”, you need to type the consonant right after “っ” twice. See the examples:

             “itta” for “いった”            “katta” for “かった”           “totta” for “とった”

      * Alternatively you can type small “っ” by typing “xtu”. For example:

             “ixtuta” for “いった”          “kaxtuta” for “かった”         “toxtuta” for “とった”

   Exercise 10 Can you type the following Japanese words?

      1.おった                       2.きっと                       3.しって
      4.つった                       5.ねっこ                       6.はっと
      7.まって                       8.やっと                       9.らっか
      10.わっと                      11.やったった                    12.らったった

E-2 Let’s try small “ゃ・ゅ・ょ” this time. Look at the table below and type each line two
     times.

        hiragana        きゃ            きゅ              きょ
          keys          kya           kyu             kyo
        hiragana        ぎゃ            ぎゅ              ぎょ
          keys          gya           gyu             gyo
        hiragana        しゃ            しゅ              しょ
          keys        sha/sya       shu/syu         sho/syo
        hiragana        じゃ            じゅ              じょ
          keys           ja            ju              jo
        hiragana        ちゃ            ちゅ              ちょ
          keys        cha/tya       chu/tyu         cho/tyo
        hiragana        にゃ            にゅ              にょ
          keys          nya           nyu             nyo
        hiragana        ひゃ            ひゅ              ひょ
          keys          hya           hyu             hyo
        hiragana        びゃ            びゅ              びょ
          keys          bya           byu             byo
        hiragana        ぴゃ            ぴゅ              ぴょ
          keys          pya           pyu             pyo
        hiragana        みゃ            みゅ              みょ
          keys          mya           myu             myo
        hiragana        りゃ            りゅ              りょ
          keys          rya           ryu             ryo

Note 1: These small “ゅ” and “ょ” are frequently combined with “う”. See the examples:

             “shuu” for “しゅう”            “chou” for “ちょう”            “ryuu” for “りゅう”

Note 2: Small “っ”is frequently followed by these small “ゃ・ゅ・ょ” sound. See the examples:

             “happyou” for “はっぴょう”                “roppyaku” for “ろっぴゃく”

                                              5                              © Shunko Muroya
   Exercise 11 Can you type the following Japanese words? (Don’t worry about the meaning
               of each word. You will learn them later.)

       1.びょうき                      2.しゃしょう                      3.ひょうじょう
       4.さんみゃく                     5.しょくどう                      6.きゅう
       7.りょうこう                     8.ちゃくにん                      9.しゃしん
       10.こんにゃく                    11.ひょうげん                     12.ぎゅうにゅう
       13.にんじゃ                     14.ぎゃくさん                     15.りゅうどう
       16.ひゃくやく                    17.ごびゅう                      18.はっきょう
       19.にゅうがく                    20.きょうきゅう                    21.にょじつ
       22.にんぎょ                     23.にんぎょう                     24.ちゃくふく
       25.びょういん                    26.ちょうせん                     27.りゅうこう
       28.さんびゃく                    29.ちゅうがく                     30.こうぎょう


F Typing カタカナ (katakana)

Typing カタカナ is exactly the same as typing ひらがな, but when you type each word, you
press the F7 key to change ひらがな into カタカナ. Try the following:

       Type “meruborunn” for “めるぼるん”, then press F7 and then Enter to change
       it into “メルボルン”.

For the long vowel such as “スキー”, type “-” (hyphen). Try the following;

       Type “o-sutoraria” for “おーすとらりあ”, then press F7 and then Enter to change
       it into “オーストラリア”.

Sometimes you need small “ァ・ィ・ゥ・ェ・ォ” for some words such as “フォード”. Try the
following:

       Type “fuxo-do” for “ふぉーど”, then immediately press F7 and then Enter to
       change it into “フォード”.

   Exercise 12 Can you type the following words?

       1.ビクトリア                     2.シドニー                       3.ブリスベン
       4.パース                       5.アデレード                      6.ダーウィン
       7.クィーンズランド                  8.タスマニア                      9.キャンベラ
       10.イングランド                   11.ウェールズ                     12.アイルランド
       13.スコットランド                  14.ニューヨーク                    15.ジャカルタ


G Punctuation ( “、” and “。”)

The keys used for punctuation in Japanese are the same as English, but they look different
when they appear on the screen. The Japanese comma looks like “、”, whereas the English
one looks like “,” and the Japanese period/full-stop looks like “。”, whereas the English one
looks like “.”.


                                              6                              © Shunko Muroya
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Exercise 11 Typing help for the Exercise 11.

         1.byouki                            2.shashou/syasyou                   3.hyoujou
         4.sannmyaku                         5.shokudou                          6.kyuushoku
         7.ryokou                            8.chakuninn                         9.shasinn/syasinn
         10.Konnnyaku                        11.hyougenn                         12.gyuunyuu
         13.ninnja                           14.gyakusan                         15.ryuudou
         16.hyakuyaku                        17.gobyuu                           18.hakkyou
         19.nyuugaku                         20.kyoukyuu                         21.nyojitsu
         22.ningyo                           23.ningyou                          24.chakufuku
         25.byouinn                          26.chousenn                         27.ryuukou
         28.sannbyaku                        29.chuugaku/tyuugaku                30.kougyou

   Exercise 12 Typing help for the Exercise 12.

         1.bikutoria                         2.sidoni-/shidoni-                  3.burisubenn
         4.pa-su                             5.adere-do                          6.da-uxinn
         7.kxi-nnzuranndo                    8.tasumania                         9.kyannbera
         10.innguranndo                      11.uxe-ruzu                         12.airuranndo
         13.sukottoranndo                    14.nyu-yo-ku                        15.jakaruta

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




                                                          7                                      © Shunko Muroya
H Typing 漢字 (kanji)

H-1 Ttyping kanji is the same as typing hiragana, but after typing the word which you wish to
    appear in kanji, press the Space key to make the hiragana into kanji. See the examples:

              Type “yama” for “やま”, then press Space . Hiragana “やま” will turn to kanji
              “山”. Press the Enter key to confirm.

              This time we want kanji “火” (ひ - fire). Type “hi” for “ひ”, then press Space .
              Hiragana “ひ” will turn to kanji “日”, but this is not what you want. Press Space
              again. An option box with some other kanji will appear. Select the appropriate
              kanji (you can either use the arrow keys ↑ and ↓ to select and press Enter ,
              or use the mouse, click on the appropriate kanji and then press Enter ).

   Exercise 13 Can you type the following kanji?

       1.木(き)                      2.川(かわ)                     3.上(うえ)
       4.下(した)                     5.中(なか)                     6.右(みぎ)
       7.左(ひだり)                    8.月(つき)                     9.花(はな)
       10.人(ひと)                    11.本(ほん)                    12.一(いち)
       13.十(じゅう)                   14.百(ひゃく)                   15.千(せん)
       16.手(て)                     17.足(あし)                    18.口(くち)
       19.男(おとこ)                   20.女(おんな)                   21.父(ちち)
       22.母(はは)                    23.水(みず)                    24.土(つち)


H-2 Typing compound kanji words such as “学校”(がっこう) and “日本”(にほん) is the
    same as single kanji. See the examples:

              Type “gakkou” for “がっこう”, then press Space . Hiragana “がっこう” will turn
              to kanji “学校”. Press Enter to confirm.

              This time we want the kanji compound word “日本”(にほん). But when you
              type “にほん” and press Space , you might get something else such as “二本”
              (にほん) or “2本”(にほん) instead. Press Space again to bring the option box
              out and select the right kanji word you want (you can either use the arrow keys
              ↑ and ↓ to select and press Enter , or use the mouse, click on the correct
              kanji and then press Enter ).

   Exercise 13 Can you type the following kanji?

       1.学生(がくせい)                  2.先生(せんせい)                  3.今月(こんげつ)
       4.来月(らいげつ)                  5.今年(ことし)                   6.来年(らいねん)
       7.正月(しょうがつ)                 8.今日(きょう)                   9.午前(ごぜん)
       10.午後(ごご)                   11.人口(じんこう)                 12.上手(じょうず)
       13.下手(へた)                   14.中国(ちゅうごく)                15.外国(がいこく)




                                              8                             © Shunko Muroya
H-3 Typing words with kanji and okurigana such as “大きい”(おおきい) and “行きます”(いき
    ます) is the same as compound kanji words. See the examples:

              Type “ookii” for “おおきい”, then press the Space key. Hiragana “おおきい” will
              turn to kanji and okurigana “大きい”. Press the Enter key to confirm.

              This time we want the kanji and okurigana word “行きます”(いきます). But
              when you type “いきます” and press Space , you might get something else such
              as “生きます”(いきます) or “逝きます”(いきます) instead. Press Space again
              to bring the option box out and select the kanji word you want (you can either
              use the arrow keys ↑ and ↓ to select and press Enter , or use the mouse,
              click on the appropriate word and then press Enter ).

   Exercise 14 Can you type the following words?

       1.言います(いいます)                2.書きます(かきます)                 3.聞きます(ききます)
       4.読みます(よみます)                5.食べます(たべます)                 6.思います(おもいます)
       7.出します(だします)                8.生まれます(うまれます)               9.入れます(いれます)
       10.小さい(ちいさい)                11.長い(ながい)                   12.短い(みじかい)
       13.早い(はやい)                  14.近い(ちかいく)                  15.遠い(とおい)
       16.広い(ひろい)                  17.古い(ふるい)                   18.高い(たかい)
       19.白い(しろい)                  20.赤い(あかい)                   21.楽しい(たのしい)
       22.お父さん(おとうさん)              23.お母さん(おかあさん)               24.お兄さん(おにいさん)
       25.お姉さん(おねえさん)              26.思い出(おもいで)                 27.食べ物(たべもの)
       28.赤ちゃん(あかちゃん)              29.生け花(いけばな)                 30.朝ご飯(あさごはん)


I Typing sentences

When you type a sentence, you don’t have to stop and confirm each word. Usually you keep
typing until you finish a sentence (or a clause) and then check each word. See the following
example sentence “私は明日シドニーへ行きます。”.

              Type “watasihaasitasidoni-heikimasu.”.

              If you typed it right, you should have “わたしはあしたしどにーへいきます。”.

              Press the Space key and see what happens. The sentence should be converted
              to either “私は明日シドニーへ行きます。” (or “私は明日シドニーへ行きます。”).
              If the whole sentence looks fine, then press the Enter key. You have “私は明日
              シドニーへ行きます。” without the underline, which means the sentence is
              confirmed.

              If you want to modify a part or some parts of the sentence such as “私は” to
              “わたしは” and “明日” to “あした”, you can do so by pressing the Space key.
              The part with the thick underline (or the highlighted part) is what you can
              change.




                                              9                              © Shunko Muroya
          If you press Space when the thick underline is at “私は” (or when “私は” is
          highlighted), the option box listing words such as “わたしは”, “私は”, “渡しは”,
          “ワタシハ” will appear. Press Space to select the right word and then press the
          arrow key → to move the thick underline to the next part.

          Do the same to the next part, i.e. press Space when the thick underline is at
          “明日” (or when “明日” is highlighted) to get the option box listing words such
          as “あした”, “明日”, “朝”, “アシタ” to appear. Press Space to select the right
          word and then press the arrow key → to move the thick underline to the next
          part.)

          Now you have “わたしはあしたシドニーへ行きます。” and you want to confirm
          the sentence as it appears. Press the Enter key to confirm and you will have
          “わたしはあしたシドニーへ行きます。” without the underline.


Exercise 15 Can you type the following sentences?

   1. 私はビクトリア州のメルボルンに住んでいます。

   2. ビクトリアはニューサウスウェールズの南にあります。

   3. 14 才で、イーストメルボルンセカンダリーカレッジの 9 年生です。

   4. 家族は父と母と姉と私の四人で、犬とネコもいます。

   5. 週末にはテニスをしたり映画を見に行ったりします。

   6. 学校では日本語と英語が好きですが、数学はあまり好きではありません。

   7. 来年の 6 月に学校の旅行で日本へ行きます。

   8. 旅行は 20 日間で、京都と奈良と広島に行く予定です。

   9. 1 週間のホームステイもあるので、とても楽しみです。

   10. この旅行のためにアルバイトをしてお金をためています。




                                         10                            © Shunko Muroya

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Stats:
views:176
posted:9/17/2010
language:Japanese
pages:11