NON-PROFIT ORG U.S. POSTAGE PAID BOSTON, MA PERMIT #59427 Harvard University Harvard Museum of Natural History 26 Oxford Street Cambridge, MA 02138-2902 October 14–25, 2010 Treasures of Tunisia Archaeological and Cultural Dear Traveler, Separated from Europe by only 90 miles of sea, Tunisia is Africa’s northernmost country. Its close geographical proximity to various neighboring countries has exposed Tunisia to numerous influences from foreign lands throughout history. Over the course of three thousand years Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks, Spaniards, and the French have all left evidence of their Travel Program presence. Today, Tunisia remains a fascinating bridge between the Western, African, and Islamic 26 Oxford Street worlds. Cambridge MA 02138 (617) 495-2463 phone Roughly the size of New York State, Tunisia boasts eight World Heritage sites, six of which we visit (617) 496-8782 fax during our stay. Our journey begins with the historic and sensory feast of the Tunis Medina and the www.hmnh.harvard.edu/travel archaeological wonders of the Roman Empire. Traveling inland, we see the stunning 9th-century mosque in the Islamic holy city of Kairouan. We continue through the gorges and oases of the Atlas Mountains to the Sahara, passing through narrow ravines and rocky desert landscapes. At the exotic oasis of Ksar Ghilane, we enjoy a camel ride in the desert before spending a magical night under the stars in canvas tents. Drive through the Dahar Mountains, visiting Berber villages along the way, and journey to the island paradise of Djerba, home to sandy beaches and beautiful palm trees, as well as the Ghriba Synagogue and the world’s most ancient Torah scroll. We end our time in Tunisia with a tour of the ruins at the ancient site of Carthage and a visit to the seaside town of Sidi Bou Said, where we walk among its whitewashed houses and admire its stunning views of the Gulf of Tunis. Tunisia possesses many treasures well beyond its sand, sea, and sunshine. On this journey into wonders past and present experience the country’s lovely hill and desert regions, picturesque towns and villages, and traces of a long and eventful history. Taste Tunisia’s unique cuisine—North African with a French accent—and get to know the country’s friendly and hospitable people. This is Arabia at its most relaxed. This unique trip is limited to 22 travelers. Space is available on a first-come, first-served basis. Please be sure to contact us early to reserve your space on this remarkable journey. We can be reached by telephone at (617) 495-2463, by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by fax at (617) 496- 8782. This and other HMNH trips can be found on our website at www.hmnh.harvard.edu/travel. Kind Regards, Lauren Bruck Director of Travel Program Harvard Museum of Natural History presents Archaeological and Cultural Treasures of Tunisia October 14–25, 2010 ITINERARY (B=Breakfast, L=Lunch, D=Dinner) After lunch in the Medina, visit the Cathedral of St. Vincent- de-Paul. Built in 1893 and faced in neo-Romanesque style, it is the Thursday, October 14 largest existing building of Tunis’ French colonial past. Enjoy a Depart USA / Tunis guided visit to the National Museum of the Bardo, located in a Depart on independent international flights to Tunis. (Meals Aloft) palace that once belonged to the ruling Beys of Tunisia. It is one of the best archaeological museums of the Mediterranean world and is Friday, October 15 especially known for its collection of beautiful mosaics. Tonight, Tunis enjoy a dinner of North Africa specialties at the Mediterranée Restaurant. Africa El Mouradi Hotel (B, L, D) Arrive in Tunis, the capital of Tunisia, where we are met by our local guide and transferred to our hotel. Enjoy free time to unpack Sunday, October 17 and rest before dinner at Dar Hammouda Paschal, a typical Tunis / Dougga / Kairouan Tunisian restaurant in the Medina. Africa El Mouradi Hotel (D) Travel inland to the Islamic spiritual center of Kairouan. Along the way, stop to see the Aqueducts of Zaghouan, which carried water to Carthage in Roman times. Visit the extensive ruins at Dougga, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most impressive collections of Roman ruins in North Africa. The well-preserved temples, baths, and arches provide an excellent example of Roman architecture. Arrive in Kairouan, where we spend the next two nights. Enjoy a glass of wine or mint tea, followed by dinner at the hotel. Hotel Kasbah (B, L, D) Monday, October 18 Kairouan / El Djem / Monastir / Sousse / Kairouan This morning we set out for El Djem to tour the spectacular Roman amphitheater. Built in 238 AD, of all the world’s Roman amphitheaters only the Colosseum is larger. Explore the museum and the excavations behind the amphitheater where beautiful mosaics are being unearthed. Continue to the coastal city of Monastir, where we visit the ramparts and the 13th-century ribat (small fortification) that has served as a fortress, school, and place of worship. Monastir is also the site of the Bourguiba Mausoleum, and tomb of Habib Bourguiba, who, during his 30-year presidency (1957-87), promoted education in Tunisia and reformed laws that affected women. We have lunch in Monastir before driving up the coast to Sousse, the site of another major ribat. Return to Kairouan for dinner. Hotel Kasbah (B, L, D) Tuesday, October 19 Kairouan / Sbeitla / Tamerza Once the capital of Tunisia, the beautiful city of Kairouan, known as the “City of Fifty Mosques,” is considered to be one of the holiest sites in Islam and remains a religious center and pilgrimage destination. Tour the Mosque of Oqba Ibn Nafi, constructed in the 9th century when Kairouan was a flourishing capital. Built with Kairouan Mosque columns of marble and porphyry along the arcade of its spacious courtyard, Oqba Ibn Nafi served as a model for other mosques Saturday, October 16 throughout the western Islamic world. We also visit the souks and Tunis observe women making rugs, for which the city is famed. Visit the Medina, or Old Quarter, at the center of Tunis, the After lunch enjoy a guided tour of the excellent Roman ruins at largest Medina in North Africa. With many palaces, mosques, Sbeitla, the site of three temples dedicated to Jupiter, Juno, and madrasas, mausoleums, and fountains, historically Tunis is one of Minerva. See a magnificent forum, theaters, baths, several the greatest cities in the Islamic world. Tour the area of the churches, fountains, and other artifacts of Sbeitla’s years of Ottoman Palaces and visit the 9th-century Zitouna Mosque. prosperity. Leaving Sbeitla, travel to the verdant mountain oasis of Tamerza, which overlooks Oued El Khanga ravine. In the midst of Sunday, October 24 this breathtaking landscape is the Tamerza Palace Hotel, our home Djerba / Tunis for the next two nights. Tamerza Palace Hotel (B, L, D) Fly from Djerba to Tunis, and continue by vehicle to the nearby site of ancient Carthage. Founded by the Phoenicians in the 9th Wednesday, October 20 century BC, Carthage was largely destroyed when the Romans Tamerza / Atlas Mountains / Tamerza sacked it at the end of the Third Punic War in 146 BC. Envision its Enjoy a morning at leisure—relax by the pool, take in the beautiful former splendor as we tour the ruins of the Antonine baths, view from the terrace, or walk among the nearby ruins. After lunch, amphitheater, and other monuments. We also see the sites where tour the abandonded city of Tamerza, destroyed in 1969 after a the U.S. military campaign was waged during World War II. record flood lasting 22 days. We then begin our half-day excursion into the Atlas Mountains and the Sahara. This afternoon, we drive to the remote ancient oasis of Mides, located at the edge of a dramatic, deep, narrow gorge naturally carved out by water over the years. Continue to the oasis of Chebika, which is flanked by rocky mountains and the flat arid desert. Witness the stunning contrast of green palm trees competing for the scarce supply of oasis water against the backdrop of red and pink rocky sand. This evening enjoy the facilities and environs of our hotel before dinner. Tamerza Palace Hotel (B, L, D) Thursday, October 21 Tamerza / Douz / Ksar Ghilane Pack an overnight bag and depart after breakfast for Douz, a quiet oasis village that serves as the “gateway to the Sahara” and hosts a daily camel market. We stop here for lunch and a short tour before heading to the exotic oasis of Ksar Ghilane, famous for its dunes and hot spring, where we have the opportunity to ride a camel in the desert. Spend the night in a canvas tent with private bath at Pansea, a comfortable tent hotel with a swimming pool fed by a natural spring. The silence and vastness around the camp and the myriad of stars make for a magical and unforgettable night. Pansea Desert Camp (B, L, D) Friday, October, 22 Ksar Ghilane / Tataouine / Djerba This morning drive through the Dahar Mountains to the regional capital of Tataouine. In the Berber villages near Tataouine we visit the troglodyte Ksours, whose houses are carved into the steep mountainsides as protection against foreign invaders. We return to Tataouine for lunch before setting out for the island of Djerba to see the Ghriba Synagogue, first built in the 6th century BC. One of the holiest Jewish sites in the world, Ghriba Synagogue holds the world’s most ancient Torah scroll and is the destination of a large and festive annual pilgrimage. After touring the synagogue, we check into our spa hotel to relax before enjoying dinner. Tunisian Oasis Movenpick Ulysse Palace Spa Hotel (B, L, D) After lunch continue to the seaside town of Sidi Bou Said. Stroll its narrow streets past the whitewashed houses whose blue shutters Saturday, October 23 and doors echo the hues of the sky and the Mediterranean Sea. Djerba Visit an art gallery, order mint tea at a café, and take in the superb Tour the island of Djerba, an environment so seductive that, view of the Gulf of Tunis. Return to Tunis to enjoy a farewell according to Homer’s Odyssey, the sailors with Odysseus— dinner at the hotel restaurant. Africa El Mouradi Hotel (B, L, D) intoxicated by lotus flowers—lost all desire to leave. Stroll through the food markets and colorful craft stalls of Houmt Souk’s lively marketplace, and watch artisans creating pottery in the nearby Monday, October 25 village of Guellala. After lunch at a local restaurant the afternoon is Tunis / Home free for independent exploration of the area or use of the hotel spa. Depart after breakfast for Tunis Carthage Airport and independant Later in the evening we gather for dinner at the hotel. international flights home. (B, Meals Aloft) Movenpick Ulysse Palace Spa Hotel (B, L, D) G E N E R A L I N FO R M AT I O N Price: $3,995 per person, double occupancy rocky surfaces. Typically, the weather is warm with normal humidity. The average temperatures throughout are approximately 60°F for a low Single Supplement: $495* temperature, and a high of 80°F. Accommodations are generally the best available and range from luxury to a comfortable tented camp. All rooms *Should you request to share a twin room, we will attempt to find a have private facilities. Since some of the travel will be in remote areas, roommate for you. However, if at the time of final payment no roommate everyone must be flexible concerning time schedules, food, insects, is available, the single supplement fee will be charged. weather, and dust. In order to enjoy this trip, a spirit of adventure, anticipation, and the desire to explore spectacular natural areas are musts. Airfare: As of October 2009, estimated roundtrip international coach There are several long drives and travelers should be able to endure long airfare between Boston and Tunis is $1,000. Our tour operator for the drives and bumpy, remote roads. Travel is by regular scheduled jet aircraft, program will be pleased to assist in booking your air arrangements; please private motor coach, and 4x4 vehicles. call us for details. If you wish, you are welcome to make your own international flight arrangements. As a general rule, it is wise to refrain Insurance: We highly recommend the purchase of trip cancellation from purchasing nonrefundable airfare until the minimum number of insurance. An application for trip cancellation insurance will be available participants has been met. upon confirmation. Depending on the level of policy, the pre-existing medical conditions exclusion is waived if the insurance is purchased Tour Includes: All airport transfers; flight from Djerba to Tunis, all within 15 days of initial deposit. Neither the Harvard Museum of Natural activities as stated in itinerary; all accommodations as per itinerary; all History nor the tour operator accept liability for any airline cancellation meals as per itinerary with local beverages; welcome and farewell dinners; penalty incurred by the purchase of a non-refundable airline ticket or bottled water on buses; private guide and driver throughout; luggage other expenses incurred by tour participants in preparing for the tour. As handling for one bag per person; gratuities for drivers and porters; hotel a service to our travelers, we automatically provide $50,000 emergency and restaurant taxes and service charges; $50,000 emergency medical and medical evacuation insurance. You will receive detailed coverage evacuation insurance. approximately 30 days prior to your departure. Tour Excludes: U.S. domestic and international airfare; international or Physical Health: Participation on an HMNH program requires that domestic departure taxes; medical immunizations; passport and visa fees; passengers be in generally good health. It is essential that persons with any airport departure taxes; accident/baggage/cancellation insurance; optional medical problems and related dietary restrictions make them known to us excursions or deviation from the scheduled tour; excess baggage charges; well before the departure. We can counsel participants on whether an laundry; medical expenses; meals not specified in the program itinerary or expedition is appropriate for them. special meals not on the menu; dishes and beverages not part of included meals; alcoholic beverages; gratuities for private archaeologist guide; Questions: Please call the Travel Program at the Harvard Museum of telephone or fax charges; room service and other items of a purely Natural History (617) 495-2463. personal nature. Responsibility: The tour operator, its owners and employees act only as If you are arriving independently from the group, please note that you are agents for the various independent suppliers and contractors providing responsible for your own transfer to the hotel. If you would like the transportation, hotel accommodations, restaurant and other services HMNH to arrange a private transfer for you at your own cost, please connected with this tour. Such travel and services are subject to the terms contact our office. and conditions under which such accommodations, services and transportation are offered or provided, and Harvard University, the Reservations, Deposits and Final Payment: To reserve a space on this tour, Harvard Museum of Natural History and the tour operator and their please mail a nonrefundable deposit of $500 per person payable to “Harvard respective employees, agents, representatives, and assigns, accept no liability Museum of Natural History” along with the completed reservation form to: therefore. Harvard University, the Harvard Museum of Natural History Travel Program, Harvard Museum of Natural History, 26 Oxford Street, and the tour operator, assume no liability for any injury, damage, loss, Cambridge, MA 02138. Reservations are acknowledged in order of receipt accident, delay or other irregularity which may be caused by the defect of until the maximum enrollment of 22 has been reached. Final payment, any aircraft or vehicle or the negligence or default of any company or payable by check or money order only, is due June 11, 2010. person engaged in carrying out or performing any of the services involved. Additionally, responsibility is not accepted for losses, injury, damages or Cancellations and Refunds: All cancellations must be made in writing to expenses of any kind due to sickness, weather, strikes, local laws, hostilities, the Harvard Museum of Natural History. Refunds, based on the date the wars, terrorist acts, acts of nature or other such causes. All services and written notice is received in our office, are as follows: 125 days or more accommodations are subject to the laws of the country in which they are before departure: $500 deposit; 124–91 days before departure: 50% of provided. Harvard University, and Harvard Museum of Natural History the program price; 90 days or fewer: 100% of the program price. and the tour operator reserve the right to make changes in the published itinerary whenever, in their sole judgment, conditions warrant, or if they Leaving an expedition in progress, for any reason whatsoever, will not result in deem it necessary for the comfort, convenience or safety of the tour a refund, and no refunds will be made for any unused portions of an participants. They reserve the right to withdraw this tour without penalty. expedition. The right is also reserved to decline to accept or retain any person as a member of the tour, or to substitute another qualified leader or special Tour Size: This tour, exclusively designed for the Harvard Museum of guest. Baggage and personal effects are the sole responsibility of the owners Natural History, is limited to 22 participants on a first-come, first-served at all times. The price of the program is given in good faith based on basis. The minimum group size is 12. Should the minimum not be met, current tariffs and rates, and is subject to change. Any tariff, exchange rate, we reserve the right to cancel the program, levy a small group surcharge, or fuel increases will be passed onto participants. Neither Harvard and/or send the program without a HMNH representative. University, the Harvard Museum of Natural History nor the tour operator accepts the liability for any airline cancellation penalty incurred by the What to Expect: This expedition is designed for HMNH members and purchase of a nonrefundable ticket. The air ticket, when issued, shall friends who are interested in learning about the history, culture, and constitute the sole contract between the passenger and the airline natural history of Tunisia. This is a moderately active, fast-paced program. concerned. As a part of the consideration and right to participate in this The most strenuous physical exercise is walking over unpaved, uneven, tour, each participant will be asked to sign a liability release. Archaeological and Cultural Treasures of Tunisia R E S E R VAT I O N FO R M October 14–25, 2010 Name Date of Birth Name Date of Birth Address City State ZIP Phone: Home Office Fax E-mail If possible, please assign a roommate. Smoker Non-smoker I understand if a roommate is not secured for me by final payment date, I will be charged the single supplement amount. I wish to pay the additional $495 for a single supplement. Enclosed is a check for ______ ($500 nonrefundable deposit per person) payable to “Harvard Museum of Natural History” to hold ____ place(s) on the Tunisia program. OR Please charge my deposit of $______________ to Visa MasterCard American Express Account # Expiration Date Name as it appears on card I/We confirm that I/we have carefully read the information on refunds, general conditions, and the responsibility clause specified in the tour conditions. Signature _________________________________________________________________ Date __________________________________ Signature _________________________________________________________________ Date __________________________________ Please return this form with deposit check to: Travel Program, Harvard Museum of Natural History, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 or fax it to (617) 496-8782. QUESTIONS? Please call us at (617) 495-2463 OR e-mail email@example.com HMNH Membership The museum’s exhibitions draw on Harvard’s historic collections, and its educational programs for children and adults provide public access to the expertise of the University’s research scholars. A forum for thoughtful and informed exchange of ideas, the museum depends on membership to support its activities and its outreach to communities in Cambridge and beyond. I am currently a member of the HMNH I would like to become a member at the following level: $50 Individual $85 Household $200 Sustaining $500 Patron Please enclose a separate check made out to the Harvard Museum of Natural History for membership. Thank you.