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Ganesh Hegde

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					           A. Hegde
Dr. Ganesh       AC NA
 Assistant Adviser,
                     ia                                             ty in 
      Bang alore, Ind                     National Su
                                                      mmit on Quali
                                                              n
                                                  Education o
                                                                 n: 
                                           ‘ Q u al ity Educatio
                                                              h 
                                                 Scalable wit
                                                             ss’. 
                                                Inclusivene
                   r 
    2 3 ­2 4 Octobe
           2009




National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
     Global Trends of 
Accreditation, Certification 
 and Assessment Process



                                                                            2
 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
                         Outline
1. Global trends of Accreditation
2. Assessment and Accreditation
   in Indian Context
3. Quality Enhancement through
   IQAC

                                                                            3
 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
1. Global trends of Accreditation
RAPID INTERNATIONAL GROWTH OF:
    Number of colleges and universities
    Expansion of higher education across
    borders
    Mobility of students and employees
    across countries
    Interest in external quality assurance
    Number of Quality Assurance Agencies
    (QAAs)

   National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
   Quality in the HE context …
 ‘….meeting expectations and requirements,
 through consistent performance, in teaching
              and research….’
Quality is also a way of brand building exercise
 for institutions with long term perspective in a
         competitive global environment

   ‘Experience has shown that
     Quality alone survives’
                                                                              5
   National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
                BACKGROUND
Led creation of INQAAHE, a global network of Quality
Assurance Agencies (QAAs), to facilitate sharing of
information and cooperation among QAAs

The main purpose of INQAAHE is to collect and
disseminate information on current and developing
theory and practice in the assessment, improvement and
maintenance of quality in higher education.
  Established in 1991
  NGO Status with UNESCO
  > 200 members (2008; up from 136 in 2007)
     six continents
     79 countries

   National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
               AIMS of INQAAHE
promote good practices in the maintenance and
improvement of quality in HE;
facilitate research into the practice of quality management
in HE;
provide advice to new QA agencies;
facilitate links between accrediting bodies;
permit better-informed international recognition of
qualifications;
assist members to determine the standards of
institutions operating across national borders;
be able to assist in the development and use of credit
transfer schemes;
enable members to be alert to dubious accrediting
practices
 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
INQAAHE POLICY STATEMENT
Quality assurance agencies should
     Provide public accountability
     Help institutions to improve
     Require academic freedom and integrity
     Ensure that higher education institutions
     have primary responsibility for quality
     Use independent evaluators who follow
     standards created with input from
     stakeholders
     Be reviewed externally themselves
     Attempt to follow the INQAAHE
     “Guidelines of Good Practice”

 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
REGIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
AAAC (Canada)
APQN (Asia Pacific Quality Network)
AAU (Association of African Universities)
CEEN (Central and Eastern Europe)
CANQATE (Caribbean)
C-RAC (USA)
ENQA (Europe)
EQAN (Eurasia)
MENA (Middle East and North Africa)
RIACES (Iberoamerica)


 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
    What is quality assurance?
Quality assurance is a way of
describing all the systems, resources
and information that universities and
colleges use to maintain and improve
standards and quality. This includes
teaching and student learning,
scholarship and research.
                                                                      QAA
                                                                              10
   National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
          Quality Assurance?




National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
      INTERNAL QUALITY ASSURANCE
Quality Assurance principles for Asia-Pacific “Chiba” declaration

          Quality assurance culture
          Quality assurance embedded within the
          institution’s unique goals
          Internal quality management systems,
          policies and procedures
          Periodic approval, monitoring and review
          of programs and awards
          Implemented strategy for the continuous
          enhancement of quality
          Quality assurance of academic staff is
          maintained

     National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
 INTERNAL QUALITY ASSURANCE
                                                                   Contd…
  Information about the institution is
  publicly available
  Quality assurance activities are
  undertaken on a cyclical basis.
  Stakeholders participate in developing
  the standards and criteria.
  Standards/criteria are public and
  applied consistently.
  Procedures to ensure reviewers have no
  conflict of interest.


National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
           External Quality Assurance
Assessment would normally include:
 Preparation of the Self-study Report (institutional self-
assessment) by the institution/department based on the parameters
by accrediting agency.
 Validation of the Self-study Report by a team of peers through
on-site visit; presentation of detailed quality report to the
institution
 The final decision on assessment and accreditation by the
Accrediting agency.
  Publication of a report, including decisions and
recommendations;
  A follow-up procedure to review actions taken in light of
recommendations made and
  An appeals mechanism is available.

    National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
        Different Accrediting agencies
European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA)
ENQA is the umbrella organisation for quality assurance agencies in the
European Higher Education Area and is one of the main actors in the Bologna
Process.
Asia Pacific Quality Network (APQN) has 34 members in Pacific islands and
territories, New Zealand, Australia, India, China, Japan, SriLanka, Pakistan,
Papua New Guinea, Afghanistan, Iran, and others
Central and Eastern European Network of Quality Assurance Agencies in
Higher Education (CEENETWORK)
Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA) ENIC-NARIC
(European Network of Information Centres)
Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational
Qualifications, Hong Kong (HKCAAVQ)
National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation, Tokyo,
Japan (NIAD-UE )
Higher Education Quality Committee of the Council of Higher Education,
Pretoria, South Africa (CHE)
                                                                                15
   National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
      2. Assessment and
    Accreditation in Indian
           Context



National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
     Indian Higher Education
                                                            Number
Central Universities                                        > 25
State Universities                                          > 230
Deemed to be Universities                                   > 110
Private Universities                                        > 20
Institutions of National Importance (including NITs) > 30
Private Institutions Established under State                >5
Legislations
Total University Level Institutions                         > 420
Colleges                                                    > 20900
Students                                                    > 1,10,00,000
Teachers                                                    >500,000


  National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
    Challenges




                                                                           18
National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
     National Assessment and
      Accreditation Council
Established in the Year – 1994
Started Accreditation – 1999
NAAC has accredited – 151
Universities and 3966 Colleges
(Total - 4117) (as on 30th September 2009)
                                                                            19
 National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
The Distance Education Council (DEC) was established in
1991 for the promotion, coordination and maintenance of
standards in the Open and Distance Learning System in the
country. Keeping in mind the concern for quality, the DEC has
taken this initiative to accredit Institutions as a mark for
quality.
National Board of Accreditation (NBA) is the only statutory
body in India established under the act of parliament to assess
quality of programmes from diploma to post-graduate levels of
engineering and technology, management, pharmacy,
architecture, hotel catering etc.
Accreditation Board: To further improve and sustain the
quality of higher Agricultural Education, an Accreditation
Board was established in 1996 with well-defined objectives
and functions.
   National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
CII-Institute of Quality provides counseling services to conduct
self-assessments by the organizations, to understand the current
status of its practices and achievements against the Excellence
criteria, through a team of Business Excellence Counselors /
Professionals.
The assessment process would enable organizations to identify
the Strengths and Opportunities for Improvements, for developing
the roadmap to pursue the journey for Excellence.

FICCI-HEN
FICCI - Higher Education Network (FICCI - HEN) is a move to introduce a
system of self - regulation amongst Higher Education providers in India by
introducing Code of Conduct to promote best practices and Disclosure Norms to
address the information asymmetry in the sector.

The aim of FICCI - HEN is to be an opinion forum to influence policy change for
healthy growth of Higher Education in the country and provide the missing link
between the academia and the industry. About 30 leading Higher Education
Institutions have formally registered as active members.

     National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
Quality Council of India (QCI) was set up in
1997 as an autonomous body by the Government of
India jointly with the Indian industry to establish
and operate the National Accreditation Structure for
conformity assessment bodies.

The National Accreditation Board for Education and
Training (NABET) certifies auditors & the training
courses for such auditors. QCI has recently started
the Accreditation Standard For Quality School
Governance.


  National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
  3. Quality Enhancement
       through IQAC




National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
Internal Quality Assurance Cell (IQAC)
  The NAAC’s advocacy of establishment
  of IQAC by every accredited institution
  as a post-accreditation measure is thus
  the first step towards institutionalization
  and internalization of quality culture.
  NAAC has given guidelines to all the
  accredited institutions to establish an
  internal quality assurance cell (IQAC) to
  ensure qualitative growth of the
  institution.
                                                                             24
  National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
1. To develop a quality system for
  conscious, consistent and catalytic
  programmed action to improve the
  academic and administrative
  performance of the HEIs;
2. To promote measures for institutional
  functioning towards quality
  enhancement through internalization of
  quality culture and institutionalization of
  best practices.
                                                                             25
  National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
                                   Governme
                                   Governme                                             National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
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     Four basic elements of an
Internal Quality Assurance system
  the monitoring instruments
  the evaluation instruments
  the Quality Assurance (QA)-
  processes for specific activities
  specific QA-instruments.

                                                                             27
  National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
                       To Conclude
Quality enhancement is a
continuous process and concerted
effort on the part of the institutions
is required to achieve excellence in
all spheres of academic and
administrative activities of the
institutions.
                                                                             28
  National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
Reference:
Presentqion of Prof. JEAN A. MORSE, President
Middle States Commission on Higher Education, www.msche.org
Member, INQAAHE; ACCREDITATION COUNCIL FOR
PRACTICAL ABILITIES March 12, 2009, Tokyo
Website: www.inqaahe.org
www.qaa.ac.uk
                                                 Thank you


           http://www.naacindia.org

        e-mail: ganesh179@gmail.com


                                                                           30
National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) – Ganesh A. Hegde  
                                           uncil
                  t an d A ccreditation Co
National Assessmen lore, India
                Banga




                                     THANK YOU
                                                   31

				
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