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Also known as the Festival of th


              Swaziland is a small country in Southern Africa bordered by South Africa and Mozambique.
       Swaziland has a varied geography that is divided into four regions based on altitude. The landscape
       ranges from mountainous on its western border to subtropical on its eastern borders. Due to its changing
       topography, the climate in this kingdom varies.
                                                        During the winter, Swaziland citizens celebrate the
                                                new year in a festival called Incwala. During Incwala, also
                                                known as the "Festival of the First Fruits," ancestors are
                                                remembered, the first harvest is celebrated and the King is
                                                honored. The days of the celebration change but it usually
                                                takes place in late December or early January. The exact date
                                                of Incwala is determined by the king’s astrologers. The
                                                holiday occurs on the fourth day after the full moon nearest the
                                                winter solstice.

               Throughout the first day of Incwala young men gather branches from a special tree called the
       Lusekwane tree. The next day the branches of the tree are woven into a shelter for the king. On the
       third day of Incwala, a black bull is sacrificed and later used in a ritual meal
       for the king. The warriors of the nation dress in special Incwala costumes
       made of ox hide, leopard skins, and feathers. Ritual songs, which may not
       be recorded and which are taboo at other times of the year, are sung. The
       King joins the warriors in dance on the fourth day and partakes in the foods
       of the harvest. After a day of rest and meditation, the Swazis build a huge
       bonfire and pray to their ancestors to bring rain to put out the fire. The
       extinguished fire is a sign that their ancestors have given permission to use
       the fruits, and with that permission, the immense celebration of feasting,
       singing, and dancing commences.
                                           Traditional Swaziland Recipe for Incwala
                                             Lamb Stewed in Peanut Sauce
2 lbs Lamb shoulder, cut in pieces      2 garlic cloves, crushed 3 sweet potatoes or potatoes, cut in chunks
6 tbsp. Peanut butter                   1 28-oz can diced tomatoes               1 small cabbage (optional)
4 cups water                            2 sprig thyme                            4 turnips (optional)
1/4 cup peanut oil                      1 tbsp. powdered Shrimp                  salt
2 onions, chopped                       8 carrots, cut in chunks

Boil the water and Peanut butter together for 20 minutes. Let cool and remove fat layer on top. Brown the Lamb pieces in the
peanut oil in a large pot. Add the chopped onions and brown. Add the garlic. Add the tomatoes. Add the thyme and powdered
Shrimp. Add salt to taste. Add the carrots (and the cabbage and turnips, if you're using them). Add the Peanut butter/water mix.
Cook for about 20 minutes. Add the sweet potatoes and cook until the meat is done and the vegetables are tender. Serve with
white rice.
                                       Works Cited
"African People and Culture." African Safaris, African Tours, Africa Holidays and Africa Travel Guide.
        26 Nov. 2008 <>.

Carter, Grace. "Incwala - Swazi New Year |" nooYears | New Years Eve 2008 - 2009 - Parties,
        Celebrations, Cruises and Tickets. 25 Sep. 2005. 26 Nov. 2008

Hussey, Hazel. "Incwala Ceremony." Swazi.Com: Swaziland’s Internet Portal. 25 Nov. 2008

"Incwala - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 3 May 2008. 26 Nov.
       2008 <>.

"Incwala Ceremony." The Kingdom of Swaziland: A Royal Experience. 25 Nov. 2008

"Photos: Incwala." Swaziland National Trust Commission. 26 Nov. 2008

"Swaziland -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. 26
       Nov. 2008 <>.

"Swaziland Facts and Figures." Welcome To Swaziland - Home. 26 Nov. 2008

"Swazilandian Cuisine - Recipes Wiki." Recipes Wiki. 26 Nov. 2008

"Traditions Ceremonies and Dancing." Swaziland Government Ministry of Tourism. 25 Nov. 2008

"Welcome to the home page of the Government of Swaziland." Welcome to the home page of the
      Government of Swaziland. 26 Nov. 2008 <>.

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