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                                                                                             John Carmichael
                                                                                          Minister for Education
                                        Senator John Philip Carmichael was born in 1947. He studied Electrical
                                        Engineering and Business Administration. Mr. Carmichael has been a
                                        member of parliament in the House of Senate since 1993. He has held
                                        different ministerial posts since 1993. He has been Minister for Housing &
                                        Urban Development (1993-1998), Minister for Finance (1998-February
                                        2001), and Minister for Education (February 2001 to date). As a cabinet
                                        minister in the different portfolios, he has represented the country in a number
                                        of national, regional and international meetings. In recognition of the good
                                        and commendable work he has done for the Kingdom of Swaziland, the
                                        Councillor of the Royal Order of Sobhuza Award in 1998 was conferred upon

                                             Citizen education
       Our societies are facing many challenges from all fronts. These range from social conflict, to social
instability and disintegration, political instability and outright wars. The reasons for this state of affairs
range from a decline and tension between quality civic, cultural, moral and formal education respectively.
The tension appears to emanate from the unrelatedness of the formal school education and civic,
cultural and moral education.
        Restructuring the curriculum such that it equips pupils with skills that are related to societal needs; life
skills, could be an answer. In Swaziland this has seen the introduction of prevocational education in the
secondary schools. The aim of the programme is to equip the pupils with entrepreneurship skills that will
enable them to start their own self-help programmes in their communities. By encouraging pupils to interact
with civil society, they are better placed to identify the needs of their society. Even local industry is
encouraged to be part of this training that puts the pupils in the centre of development.
       Today we live in a global village. Culture, curriculum and education are mutually inclusive concepts.
We cannot educate without making reference to culture and curriculum. Culture is conceived of as
everything that characterises a society and includes everything that is man-made such as language,
technological artefacts, skills, knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, attitudes, ideas, behaviours, laws, traditions,
customs and values (Lawton, 1975; Mair, 1972; Maquet, 1972) Culture provides a common base of
knowledge, values and norms for action that individuals within a given social context grow into and regard
as their natural way of life. Language and education are central to its identity and survival.
       Let us therefore strive for education to foster knowledge of, and, respect of our communities and other
cultures to encourage living together in PEACE and HARMONY!

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