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					B BC
Education Scotland


             Teacher’s Notes         BBC Two Spring 2005


                              History

                  Curriculum Match Intermediate 1 and 2
          Campaigning for Change: Social Change in Scotland 1900–1979

                            Transmission times
               Programme 1 — Thursday 3 February 03.20–03.40
               Programme 2 — Thursday 3 February 03.40–04.00




                               Introduction

             These two programmes have been designed to meet
          the requirements of the SQA Intermediate History course
        arrangements. They provide resources for the Campaigning for
       Change: Social Change in Scotland 1900s – 79 Unit to cover aspects
           of the Unit specification relating to Changing Patterns of
              Employment Since 1945. Both programmes cater for
                      students at both Intermediate 1 and
                            Intermediate 2 levels.
       Programme One focuses on the Scottish shipbuilding and textile
        industries in the 1940s and 1950s, and Programme Two focuses
           on Scotland’s car, shipbuilding and oil industries in the
                1960s and 1970s. These industries provide case
                 studies of changing patterns of employment
                           in Scotland after the Second
                                    World War.
 B B C Education Scotland                                                            HISTORY SPRING 2005



Programme One Social Change — Employment 1940s–1950s
Synopsis of content
        This programme looks at changing patterns of employment in Scotland in the 1940s and 1950s
        using contemporary film and new interviews with Scottish men and women who were
        employed in the shipbuilding and textile industries in those decades. The programme covers
        all the aspects of the Unit specification relating to Changing Patterns of Employment Since 1945
        as detailed below.

        • The Second World War and the impact of conscription and the changing role of women in
           the workplace.

        • The continued decline of the heavy industries after 1945.
        • A study of the effects of changing employment patterns in two key industries: shipbuilding
           and textiles.
        The programme’s main focus is on the decline of the shipbuilding and textile industries after
        the Second World War, despite the short-lived boom created by war and its aftermath. Key
        factors contributing to the decline of both industries are introduced and discussed by the
        narrator, and some of the interviewees. Changes in society in the 1940s and 1950s are described
        and used to highlight the importance of both industries to social life in Central Scotland and
        the Scottish Borders respectively.
        The programme ends by identifying the threats to the prosperity of Scotland’s traditional
        heavy industries that were to prove fatal in the 1960s and 1970s.



Timed running order
Time             Content                                        Relationship to syllabus


00.00 – 01.08   Introduction                                    One example of a rural area
                Outline of the issues raised in the programme   chosen from an EMDC


01.08 – 02.40   Introduction
                The 1940s
                Outline of the context at the beginning         The Second World War and its impact on
                of this programme — World War Two;              Scottish industry: conscription and the
                demands on wartime industries; 40% of           changing role of women in the workplace
                workers employed in manufacturing; the
                importance of Scottish shipyards to the
                Royal Navy; the role of woollen mills in
                producing cloth for uniforms etc.


02.40 – 04.50   World War Two ends, but the shipyards           Changing employment patterns in
                and the woollen mills continue to               two key industries after 1945:
                prosper after 1945                              shipbuilding; textiles


04.50 – 06.15   The inter-related nature of Scotland’s          The continued decline of the heavy
                heavy industries: shipbuilding; coal            industries after 1945
                mining; iron and steel-making


continued on next page




bbc.co.uk/educationscotland                                                                                2
 B B C Education Scotland                                                               HISTORY SPRING 2005



Timed running order (continued)
Time             Content                                          Relationship to syllabus


06.15 – 06.55   The pride and affection that shipyard             Changing employment patterns in
                workers felt for the ships that they built        shipbuilding


06.55 – 07.45   The importance of the textile industry to         Changing employment patterns in
                many communities in the Scottish Borders          textiles


07.45 – 10.10   Health and safety issues at work                  Changing employment patterns
                after 1945                                        in two key industries after 1945:
                                                                  shipbuilding; textiles


10.10 – 13.35   The 1950s
                Improved living standards and increased           The social effects of changing employment
                leisure time for Scotland’s industrial workers;   patterns in Scottish industry
                the effects of the National Health Service
                in improving public health in Scotland

13.35 – 17.20   A threat to the prosperity of Scottish            The continued decline of shipbuilding
                industry: lack of investment; foreign             and textiles after 1945
                competition; expensive raw materials;
                changes in demand


17.20 – end     Summing up
                The threats identified in the 1950s were
                to prove fatal over the next twenty years,
                and industrial decline would affect many
                Scottish communities in many ways




bbc.co.uk/educationscotland                                                                                   3
 B B C Education Scotland                                                            HISTORY SPRING 2005



Programme Two            Social Change — Employment 1960s –1970s
Synopsis of content
        This programme looks at changing patterns of employment in Scotland in the 1960s and 1970s
        using contemporary film and new interviews with Scottish men and women who were
        employed in the shipbuilding, car and oil industries in those decades. The programme covers
        all the aspects of the Unit specification relating to Changing Patterns of Employment Since 1945 as
        detailed below.

        • The continued decline of the heavy industries after 1945.
        • A study of the effects of changing employment patterns in three key industries:
           shipbuilding, cars and oil.
        The programme’s main focus is on the continued decline of shipbuilding in Scotland, and the
        contrasting fortunes of the car and oil industries, during the 1960s and 1970s.
        Key events such as the opening and closing of the car factory at Linwood, the discovery of oil
        in the North Sea, and the U.C.S. ‘work-in’ are described, and placed in the context of changing
        patterns of employment since 1945, and the decline of Scotland’s heavy industries in the same
        period.
        The programme ends by comparing and contrasting the very different fortunes of the car and
        oil industries by the end of the 1970s.



Timed running order
Time             Content                                        Relationship to syllabus


00.00 – 01.30   Introduction:
                The 1960s
                British governments in the 1960s tried          The continued decline of the heavy
                to reduce unemployment and manage               industries after 1945
                industry in Scotland

01.30 – 02.15   New industrial developments:                    The effects of changing employment
                B.M.C. truckand tractor factory at Bathgate;    patterns in the 1960s
                steel strip mill at Ravenscraig; Rootes car
                factory at Linwood


02.15 – 03.30   The opening of the Rootes car factory           The effects of changing employment
                at Linwood                                      patterns in the car industry


03.30 – 04.30   The Labour government’s attempts to             The continued decline of heavy industries
                encourage the development of new                after 1945; the effects of changing
                industries in Scotland after 1964               employment patterns in the 1960s


04.30 – 05.30   Industrial developments in the                  The effects of changing employment
                Scottish Highlands                              patterns in the 1960s


05.30 – 06.00   The demolition of slums; the building of        The social effects of changing employment
                new housing estates; the development            patterns in Scottish industry
                of Scotland’s new towns

continued on next page


bbc.co.uk/educationscotland                                                                                 4
 B B C Education Scotland                                                          HISTORY SPRING 2005



Timed running order (continued)
Time             Content                                      Relationship to syllabus


06.00 – 09.15   Problems facing the Linwood car factory:      The effects of changing employment
                distance from suppliers and markets;          patterns in the car industry
                transport costs; industrial disputes;
                competition from other car models
                Rootes sold Linwood to Chrysler in 1967


09.15 – 10.35   The 1970s
                Continued industrial decline as represented   The continued decline of the heavy
                by the closure of shipyards and coal mines;   industries after 1945
                the revival of the Scottish National Party


10.35 – 13.10   The problems facing the Upper Clyde           The continued decline of the
                Shipyards in 1970 leading to the U.C.S.       shipbuilding industry after 1945;
                ‘work-in’                                     the effects of changing employment
                                                              patterns in the shipbuilding industry

13.10 – 13.45   The coal miners’ dispute leading to the       The continued decline of the heavy
                three-day week, and political problems        industries after 1945
                for the Conservative government of
                Edward Heath


13.45 – 16.20   The discovery of oil in the North Sea and     The effects of changing employment
                the development of Scotland’s oil industry    patterns in the oil industry


16.20 – 17.35   The closure of the car factory at Linwood     The effects of changing employment
                                                              patterns in the car industry


17.35 – end     Summing up
                The contrasting fortunes of the car and oil
                industries in the period covered by the
                programme are described and compared
                It is noted that the decline of Scotland’s
                traditional industries led to rising
                unemployment across Scotland, apart from
                areas where North Sea Oil created new jobs




bbc.co.uk/educationscotland                                                                              5

				
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