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					Airport Familiarization
Section 201 – 12 hours



                         Fire Station #10
OBJECTIVES
    #1
Describe the runway
identification system.
  OBJECTIVES
      #2
Identify the runway layout
 at Amarillo International
          Airport
OBJECTIVES
    #3
Describe the taxiway
identification system.
  OBJECTIVES
      #4
Identify the taxiway layout
 at Amarillo International
          Airport
     OBJECTIVES
         #5
    Describe the following:
movement area, non-movement
area, airport operations area, &
          safety areas.
Aircraft Land & Takeoff Into the
             Wind
Taken From the
Compass
Heading of an
Aircraft as it
Lands or Takes
Off
Rounded off
to the
nearest 10
degrees then
drop the last
digit.
   RUNWAY NUMBERING
        SYSTEM
Always a difference of 18 in the numbering
 of opposite ends of the same runway
When the runway number is 6 or 9 a bar
 may be placed under the base of the number
•   Designations for PARALLEL runways
•(L) left , (C) center , or (R) right as applicable
        - Two parallel runways use “L” & “R”
        - Three parallel runways use “L”, “C” & “R”
 Left
Parallel
Runway
 Right
Parallel
Runway
                                 Main Runways are 4/22




13,502 feet long X 300 150 feet wide
Crosswind Runways are 13/31

  7901 feet long X 150 feet wide
The Roadway for Aircraft
Movement on the Ground
Runways
Landings
Takeoffs


                   Taxiways
                   Taxiing Between Aprons and
                   Runways

           Must Have Permission to Enter
            (Excludes Ramps & Aircraft Parking Areas)
                            F       H
            C                       L   M
        J           D   E               N
    B                                       Q
                                K
A                  Taxiways F,K,L,M,N, & Q
                P
                   are 60 Ft. Wide
    Taxiways A,B,C,D,E & P
    are 75 Ft. Wide
      2800 feet
                                2000 Feet
   2600 Feet
3600 Feet
                    1600 Feet

                          300 Feet
        4500 Feet
Includes Areas Used for
Landings, Takeoffs, Taxiing
& Parking




                         Protected by a Security Fence
                         & Access-controlled Gates
 Areas Surrounding
Runways & Taxiways




                        Requires
                     Authorization to
                         Enter
TAXIWAYS - 50
Feet off Each Side




                     Runways - 500 Ft. Wide by
                     Runway Length + 2000 Ft.
 OBJECTIVES
              #1
Name each precision instrument
marking required on Runways
 4/22 and describe each as to
  appearance and location.
  OBJECTIVES
                #2
 Name each nonprecision instrument
 marking required on Runways 13/31
and each additional marking required
  because it is larger than a utility
     runway. Describe each as to
      appearance and location.
OBJECTIVES
             #3

Describe markings on the blast
            pad.
 OBJECTIVES
             #4

Describe markings found on our
 taxiways as to appearance and
            location.
 OBJECTIVES
              #5

Describe hold line markings as to
   appearance and location.
  OBJECTIVES
               #6

Describe ILS hold line markings as
   to appearance and location.
 Runways 4/22 are
Precision Instrument
      Runways
        Precision Instrument Runway
              Runway Markings

         Side Stripes

   Aiming Point
Centerline
                     Touchdown Zone
                        Markings

          Designation
      Threshold Markings
500 Feet Between
    Markers
          Non-Precision Instrument Runway
                 Runway Markings




NOTE: Aiming point markings are only required at airports with 4000 feet or more
                      of runway and with jet operations
1. Threshold line or bar
2. Runway identification
3. Landing zone bars
4. Aiming point
5. Taxiway
6. Hold short line
7. Threshold marking
  YELLOW
CHEVRONS
USED IN THE
 BLAST PAD
   AREA
RWY 36        Displaced Threshold Markings

A displaced threshold is located at a point on a runway
other than the designated beginning of the runway.
Displacement of the threshold REDUCES THE LENGTH
OF THE AVAILABLE RUNWAY FOR LANDINGS. The
portion of runway behind a displaced threshold (marked
by white arrows) is available for takeoffs in either
direction and landings from the opposite direction.

      Area available for:
      • Takeoffs in either direction
      • Landing RWY 36 – must land beyond the
      displaced threshold
      • Landing RWY 18 – can use area beyond
      the displaced threshold for landing rollout



                      Runway Hold Position Marking
Relocated Threshold with Markings for
    Taxiway Aligned with Runway
Runway construction, runway maintenance or
other activities may require a runway
threshold to be relocated. When this occurs,
it not only CLOSES a set portion of the
approach end, but also SHORTENS the length
of the AVAILABLE runway

     Area used for aircraft taxi ONLY.
    Remember, taxiways are YELLOW &
           runways are WHITE




              Runway Hold Position Marking
                  Taxiway
                  Markings

All taxiway markings are Yellow
    They may have edge markings
                             Taxiway
                             Markings

All have center stripes
    Aircraft use this to stay centered
    Continues into the ramp area as a guide
    Continues onto the runway
Runway? Or
 Taxiway?
                      RUNWAY
                       HOLD
                       SHORT
                       LINES
4 Lines Across the Entire Taxiway
   2 Solid
   2 Broken
A Stop or Yield Sign
Tells a Pilot When the Runway is exited
                HOLD
                LINES

Non Movement Area to a
   Movement Area
                              ILS
                            HOLD
                            SHORT
                             LINE
2 Solid Lines Connected By 2 Diagonal Lines
   Protect ILS Signals From Interference
            Intermediate Holding Position Marking




Used only at towered airports to mark the hold point along run-up pads
and at some taxiway/taxiway intersections. The purpose of the
marking is to provide wing tip clearance for taxiing aircraft. Pilots
should stop prior to the marking when instructed by ATC to hold short
of the intersection.
If requested by ATC, stop the aircraft at the
intermediate hold position to allow taxiing
  aircraft the necessary wing tip clearance




    Intermediate Hold Position Marking
              TAXIWAY
               EDGE
             MARKINGS



Double Yellow Lines
                        TAXI LANE
                          EDGE
                        MARKINGS



Aircraft may cross a dashed edge marking
               Other
              Markings




SIDA Boundary Marker
    OBJECTIVES
   ARFF Personnel Will:
                #1

Describe the runway lighting system:
edge lights, threshold lights,
approach lights, reils and rails.
 OBJECTIVES
ARFF Personnel Will:
             #2

Describe the taxiway lighting
system and give examples of
exceptions to the rules.
 OBJECTIVES
 ARFF Personnel Will:
               #3

Describe other lights used on the
airport such as obstruction lights
and the rotating beacon.
                        All
                      Runways

Edge lights and centerline lights are
white
Edge Lights - 200 Feet Apart
Centerline lights – 50 feet apart
                             AMBER
                             LIGHTS

Replace white edge lights the last 2000 feet of
runway
Double Lens Light Appears White to Approaching
Aircraft and amber to departing
Runway centerline lights are 50 ft. apart.
Last 3000 ft alternate between red and white.
Last 1000 feet are solid red.
                      Runways
                        4/22

HIRL (high intensity runway lighting)

5 Different Intensity Settings
                        Runways
                         13/31


HIRL (high intensity runway lighting)
5 Different Intensity Settings
  Identify
Runway Ends
In Sets Of 4 on Each Side of
 Runway Ends
Green for Approaching Aircraft
Red for Departing Aircraft
Medium intensity Approach Lighting
        System with Rails
     MALS
5 LIGHT GROUPS

  Runway Safety
  Area Boundary


     RAILS
  One Light Each
5 Lights on
 each pole
Marks 1000’ Safety Area
Runway Alignment
 Indicator Lights



  Single light
  on each pole
Last Rail Light
                       Strobe
                       Lights

One on each side of runway thresholds

Visible to approaching aircraft
Blue in Color
Spaced 100 Feet Apart
Helps Locate
   Airport
   During
  Periods of
Poor Visibility
are required by the
FAA to be lit at night at
AIA
      Runway guard lights
These identify hold bar locations




                             Pilot Visual Aids for SMGCS




                     Runway Guard Lights are installed at all hold
                          positions for SMGCS runways
Airport Sign System




  6 TYPES OF SIGNS
    OBJECTIVE

Describe the six types of signs found
on airfields and the signing system
  as to appearance, location, and
      meaning at the Amarillo
       International Airport.
    Sign Color coding
Mandatory Instruction
Location
Direction
Destination
Information
Runway Distance Remaining
Mandatory Instruction Signs
Red Background With White Inscription

    Denotes entrance to a runway or critical area

    Shows areas an aircraft is prohibited from
    entering
Mandatory Instruction Signs

 Runway holding position sign

 ILS critical area holding

   position sign
Runway Holding Position Sign
Located at the holding position on
 taxiways that intersect a runway
Located where runways intersect
 runways
    Hold Position Sign



    Adjacent to hold short line
Shows direction of runway thresholds
     Hold Position Sign




Located at the Threshold of Runway 13
ILS Holding Position Sign
Mandatory Instruction Signs
           Another Mandatory Instruction Sign
 A No Entry Sign will typically be located at the entrance of closed
taxiways or an entrance to vehicle roadways where aircraft are not
 permitted and where the roadway may be mistaken as a taxiway.




      No Entry Sign


                                        NOTE: Yellow Cross is optional
                                        and may not always be present
     Location Signs

Identifies runway or taxiway on
 which the vehicle is located

Yellow inscription on black
 background
     Location Signs
Also used to provide a visual clue to
pilots to assist them in determining
when they have exited an area

     Runway boundary sign

 ILS critical area boundary sign
Exit Boundary of
Runway Protected
      Areas
Exit Boundary of ILS Critical Area
           Direction Signs
Yellow background with black inscription
Identifies the designation of the intersecting
 taxiways
Accompanied by an arrow indicating the
 direction of the turn
Normally located on the left prior to the
 intersection
When used on a runway to indicate an exit it is
 located on the same side of the runway as the exit
 Direction Sign Array
Arranged clockwise starting from
the first taxiway on the pilot’s left
    Direction Sign Array
 Location sign is placed so that the
 designations for all turns to the left
 will be to the left of the location sign


Designations for straight ahead and all
turns to the right will be to the right of
the location sign
         Direction Signs
      With One Crossing Taxiway

Permissible to have two arrows




Location sign is to the left of the direction sign
   Destination Signs
Yellow background with black
          inscription

An arrow will always show the
  direction to that destination
Others are runways, terminals,
     and military areas
INFORMATION SIGNS

Yellow background with a black
 inscription
Provide information to the pilot

Airport operator determines the
 need, size, and location
             Runway Distance Remaining Sign




Shows the runway distance
  remaining in 1000 foot
    increments. May be
installed along one or both
   side(s) of the runway.
 Surface painted signs usually supplement existing signs
  or are used where a sign cannot be installed on large
                     pavement areas




Located in the same areas as
lighted signs
Do not replace lighted signs
Only two in use at the AIA at
this time on the movement
areas
Aircraft Navigational Aids
        OBJECTIVES
      ARFF Personnel Will:
                    #1
Describe details relating to wind indicators:
     Location
     Physical Description
     Function
       OBJECTIVES
      ARFF Personnel Will:
                   #2
Describe details relating to the VORTAC:
     Location
     Physical Description
     Function
       OBJECTIVES
      ARFF Personnel Will:
                    #3
Describe details relating to PAPIs:
     Location
     Physical Description
     Function
       OBJECTIVES
      ARFF Personnel Will:
                  #4
Describe details relating to Distance
Measuring Equipment, Outer Marker, and
Middle Marker:
     Location
     Physical Description
     Function
            OBJECTIVES
          ARFF Personnel Will:
                        #5
Describe details relating to Glideslope Indicators:
     Location
     Physical Description
     Function
     Critical Areas
        OBJECTIVES
       ARFF Personnel Will:
                    #6
Describe details relating to Localizers:
     Location
     Physical Description
     Function
     Critical Areas
Required at Uncontrolled Airports


Gives Runway Layouts



Shows the Airport’s Traffic Patterns
VHF Omni directional Range Terminal

 Approach Control

Combination of Two Systems

  VOR - Civilian

  TAC - Military
                              Very High Frequency
                                Omnidirectional
                                     Range
Signals Sent Out in All Dircetions

Creates Victor Airways or Victor Jet Routes

Affected by Terrain and Obstructions
                                 Tactical Air
                                 Navigation

Used by Military only

Consists of the Antenna in the Middle

The DME for Military Aircraft
Precision Approach Path Indicators

 Consist of a 4 Light system
                Precision
               Approach
                  Path
               Indicators


Each Light has a Split
Red & White Lens
Precision Approach Path Indicators




       S
 Too Lowlightly LowOn PathSlightly High High
                                   Too
May Include the Following
  Localizer

  Glide Slope Indicator

  Outer and Middle Markers and/or Distance
    Measuring Equipment

Runways 4 & 22 Have Complete ILS systems
Gives Lateral Guidance to Landing Aircraft

Signal Picked up 18 Miles Out and 35

 Degrees either side
Gives Vertical Guidance
          Middle Marker

Alerts Aircraft When Passing Over

Outer Marker is 5.04 Miles Out

Middle Marker is 2705’ From Runway 4
 Threshold
DME (Distance Measuring
     Equipment)

       Gives Aircraft the Distance to

         the Associated antenna

         DME Antenna Adjacent to

         Runway 22 Localizer
Localizer

Glide Slope Indicator

Middle & Outer Markers
Localizer

Glide Slope Indicator

Distance Measuring Equipment (DME)
     OBJECTIVES
                #1

Locate a point on the grid map and
describe the best route to reach it.
      OBJECTIVES
                 #2

Identify terrain features that might
interfere with responses to different
areas pointed out on the grid map.
        OBJECTIVES
                   #3

Identify installations and features in the
critical response area which present a
hazard to vehicle response.
        OBJECTIVES
                  #4

Identify installations and terrain
features in the critical response area
which limit vehicle response capability.
CRFFAA
        Standard Map Symbols
   (add other terrain features as needed)

   Streams            Landmarks
   Lakes              Roads
   Marshes            Bridges
   Wooded areas       Drainage Systems


Helps Responder start size-up before arrival
Furnished to all responders & control tower
Describe location in terms of the grid system
Give any landmarks to responders
If all else fails tell responders which
 road to take
Low weight capacity bridges
Just outside the Critical Rescue &
Firefighting Access Area

Runs parallel with Highway 60
Parsley Rd. is closest to approach path

Masterson is two miles east

Next closest RR crossings are two miles
east of Masterson & west of Parsley
Fuel storage tanks
Fuel distribution areas.
Fuel transfer and tanker traffic
Shut off valve locations
Electrical Cut Offs
Where fuel will drain if there
 is a spill
Airport Structures
Airport Structures
Airport Structures
Airport Structures
Airport Structures
Airport Structures
       Airport Structures

 Hotels,motels,stores, restaurants.
May be attached to terminal
May be located inside the terminal
May be on airport property away from the terminal.
RAMPS (APRONS)
Controlled Access Points
               WATER SUPPLY

Two sources:
   Fixed systems:
       •Wells
  1. Fixed systems
     •Surface level
    Mobile systems:
  2.Mobile systems storage tanks
      •Elevated storage tanks
       • Fire apparatus
       • Tankers
Airport Familiarization

				
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