135th Anniversary of Aoyama Gaku

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					135th Anniversary of Aoyama Gakuin, 60th Anniversary of Aoyama Gakuin University

                     The 20th Anniversary of the End of the Cold War
                          From the Opening of the Iron Curtain
            to the Fall of the Berlin Wall, and People’s Freedom
                                 Why was the Iron Curtain opened?
                              Who organized the European Picnic Plan?
                               Why did the Berlin Wall finally collapse?
                   How did the people of Central and Eastern Europe gain freedom?
                            What has happened in the 20 years since….?




               Date and Time: 13:00-17:30 November 22, 2009
               Place: 12th floor Conference Hall, Soken Bldg.
                      Aoyama Gakuin University ( Aoyama Campus )
               Languages: English & Japanese with simultaneous interpretation

         LANDSBERGIS, Vytautas (former Chairman of the Supreme Council in 90, Lithuania)
         LENGSFELD, Vera (Author and former Member of Parliament, Germany)
         STANISZKIS, Jadwiga (Solidarity member in 1989, Prof. of Warsaw Univ., Poland)
         OPLATKA, Andras (Prof. of Andrássy Gyula Univ. and Univ. of Vienna, Hungary)
         LOIDL, Thomas (Minister Plenipotentiary, Deputy Head of Mission, Austria)
         And, Yoshinobu Yamamoto (Professor of Aoyama Gakuin Univ.)
         Co-Chair Hirohito Ohno (Asahi Shimbun), Kumiko Haba (Prof. of Aoyama Gakuin Univ.)

Organized by: Aoyama Gakuin University and Aoyama Gakuin Research Institute
Cooperation from: Delegation of European Commission to Japan, Embassy of the Republic of Austria, Embassy of the
             Federal Republic of Germany, Embassy of the Republic of Hungary, Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania,
             Embassy of the Republic of Poland, DESK, University of Tokyo, and Asahi Shimbun
Supported by: Foreign Ministry of Japan, Japan-Hungary Friendship Association


Project of the Regional Reorganization between the Enlargement of the EU and East Asia (Aoyama Gakuin Research Institute)
Project of the Comparative studies on Regional Integration between Europe and Asia in International Relations (JSPS GASR:
  representative Kumiko Haba )
The 20th Anniversary of the End of the Cold War:
Lectures by Historical Decision Makers: on 22 November 2009

                                    135th Anniversary of Aoyama Gakuin, 60th Anniversary of Aoyama Gakuin University


Date: 22th November 2009, Sunday. 13:00-17:30
Venue: 12th floor International Conference Hall, Soken Bldg.
        Aoyama Gakuin University ( Aoyama Campus )

   ・ Participants
1. LANDSBERGIS, Vytautas (former Chairman of the Supreme Council in 90, Lithuania)

2. LENGSFELD, Vera (Author and former Member of Parliament, Germany)

3. STANISZKIS, Jadwiga (Solidarity member in 1989, Professor of Warsaw University, Poland)

4. OPLATKA, Andras (Professor of Andrássy Gyula University and University of Vienna, Hungary)

5. LOIDL, Thomas (Minister Plenipotentiary, Deputy Head of Mission, Austria)

Before the Conference
12:00-13:00 Lunch (only participants and authorized people)



                                            Program (interim)

13:00-13:30    Greeting Speech
・President of Aoyama Gakuin University, Mr. Sadayoshi Itou
・First Secretary, Mr. Rudie Filon (Delegation of European Commission to Japan)
・Deputy Director-General, Mr. Noriteru Fukushima (European Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affaires)
・Minister Plenipotentiary, Deputy Head of Mission, Austria, Mr. Thomas Loidl


13:30-15:00    Key Note Speeches by the Decision Makers (20 minutes each)
 LANDSBERGIS, Vytautas (former Chairman of the Supreme Council in 90, Lithuania)
    “European Union and Unification in 1988-1989. Lithuania's Contribution”
 LENGSFELD, Vera (Author and former Member of Parliament, Germany)
    “20 Years After the Fall of the Wall- The Unknown Revolution”
 STANISZKIS, Jadwiga (Solidarity member in 1989, Professor of Warsaw University, Poland)
    “Polish Role in Liberation and the Collapse of the Socialist System in Central and Eastern Europe”
 OPLATKA, Andras (Professor of Andrássy Gyula University and University of Vienna, Hungary)
    “The Demolition of the Iron Curtain.   September 1989 - Hungary Opens the Border.”
15:00-15:30      Coffee Break


15:30-17:15      Panel Discussion by Decision Makers
Chairs: Hirohito Ohno (Asahi Shimbun, former Chief of European General Bureau)
       Kumiko Haba (Professor of Aoyama Gakuin University)
Panelists: LANDSBERGIS, Vytautas (former Chairman of the Supreme Council in 90, Lithuania)
            LENGSFELD, Vera (Author and former Member of Parliament, Germany)
            LOIDL, Thomas (Minister Plenipotentiary, Deputy Head of Mission, Austria)
            OPLATKA, Andras (Professor of Andrássy Gyula University and University of Vienna, Hungary)
            STANISZKIS, Jadwiga (Solidarity member in 1989, Professor of Warsaw University, Poland)
     And Yoshinobu Yamamoto (Professor of Aoyama Gakuin University)
            “20 years after the End of the Cold War and International Relations”
   Question and Answer from the floor


17:15-17:30      Closing Words
18:00-19:30      Reception by Aoyama Gakuin and the Delegation of European Commission to Japan
                  (only participants and authorized people)



We will publish the Proceedings, including Speeches made in the International Conference by Decision Makers, and
relevant Documents.


Organizers:
  Aoyama Gakuin 135th Years Anniversary of Foundation, Aoyama Gakuin University 60th Years Anniversary
  Delegation of European Commission to Japan
  Embassy of the Republic of Austria,
  Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany,
  Embassy of the Republic of Hungary,
  Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania,
  Embassy of the Republic of Poland,
  Aoyama Gakuin University (Professor Kumiko Haba),


Collaboration:
  Asahi Shimbun (Mr. Sawada, and Mr. Ohno; former Chief of European General Bureau),
  DESK, University of Tokyo (Associate Professor Yuichi Morii),


Auspices:
  Foreign Ministry of Japan(Japan-Danube Friendship Year 2009, Teilnahme am Österreich-Japan Jahr 2009,
    1919-2009 Polska-Japonia)
  Japan-Hungarian Friendship Association (President; Yohei Kono, Director, Yoshitomo Tanaka)
  <<The International Conference on the 20th Anniversary of the End of the Cold War>>
                                                                                                    on 22 November 2009

          From the Opening of the Iron Curtain to the Fall of the Berlin Wall, and People’s Freedom -



                                              Why was the Iron Curtain opened?
                                         Who organized the European Picnic Plan?
                                           Why did the Berlin Wall finally collapse?
                             How did the people of Central and Eastern Europe gain freedom?
                                        What has happened in the 20 years since….?


A human drama was unfolding before our eyes towards the end of the Cold War in 1989, far beyond the compromise
between Bush and Gorbachev at the summit in Malta, leading to the demolition of the Iron Curtain and the breaking down
of the Berlin Wall in a great stream of liberation of people living in former communist states.


Such an epoch-making event began in Sopron, a small beautiful town on the Austrian-Hungarian border on 19 August
1989. Many East Germans came and wanted to flee into the west, and their hope for liberation changed the half century
of the Cold War, demolished the Iron Curtain and broke the Berlin Wall, which made a solid base of Europe’s integration
and development after the Cold War.


This autumn, on the 20th anniversary of the end of the Cold War,
Researchers from Japanese universities, in cooperation with the Austrian, German, Hungarian, Lithuanian, and Polish
embassies, will attempt to clarify the policy-making process among politicians and people at that time. With researcher’s
objectiveness, we will also analyse what were actually brought for European citizens during the 20 years of the post-Cold
War period. Such analysis will be then put into perspective of the present time when we have experienced the
international financial crisis, often said to be the worst in a hundred years.


The following points will be explained by key policy-makers invited from the countries involved in the demolition of the Iron
Curtain and the collapse of the Berlin Wall towards the end of the Cold War. Facts will be re-examined and historical
significance will be reconsidered for a re-interpretation on the 20th anniversary of the end of the Cold War.


Investigation of the end of Cold War and discussion of the demolition of the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall are a very
important subject for Japanese and others in Asia. It is generally said, “In Asia, the Cold War hasn’t ended yet”.


The conference would like to investigate that point, too, considering the question, What are the differences between
Europe and Japan/Asia, on the realization or perception of the end of the Cold War?
1. Why and how did the end of the Cold War happen in 1989?
Facts and Decision Making
We will discuss the causes of integration and fragmentation of Europe within the realm of international politics led by the
US and the Soviet Union since 1945.


2. Why did Hungary plan the Pan-European Picnic to raise the Iron Curtain, and how did the Pan-European Picnic lead to
  the demolition of the Iron Curtain and the collapse of the Berlin Wall? :
We will argue the position and role of Hungary as a Central European state in Europe.


3. What policies were developed to cope with the communist states in Eastern Europe in drastic change? What attempts
  were made toward rewriting history?


(i)Germany, as a member state of the EU and NATO


(ii)Austria, as a Neutral State


(iii)Hungary, Poland, and Lithuania, as a Communists state to Liberty


We will verify each case with testimonies by politicians from the era, historical records and research literature.


4. What is the current direction for Europe on the 20th anniversary of the end of the Cold War, in the midst of global
  economic hardship caused by the recent international financial crisis and in the new era of the Obama administration in
  the US? How about Japan?
  Effect on Japan, Asia, and the World.


We will examine the positions and roles of Germany, Austria, Hungary, Lithuania and Poland with collaboration of
researchers from these countries and from Japan.



This Conference of the End of the Cold War, by Decision Makers will be continued by:.
Part II: Academic Research Conference
The Conference on Europe and Asia: The End of the Cold War and the Regional Cooperation: (by the CHIR: Committee
of History of International Relations) in Tokyo Japan: on 5-6 December; Academic Research Conference at Aoyama
Gakuin University

				
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