PPT - Workshop on fertility and by pengxiang

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									    Vital statistics and their sources




Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Presentation plan
1. Sources of vital                         2. Countries’
   statistics and their                        data sources
   pros and cons                               – a summary
   - Civil registration                        of pre-
   - Population censuses                       workshop
                                               assignments
   - Sample surveys



         3. Taking advantage of the 2010
            round of population and housing
            censuses

Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Civil registration system

  Continuous, permanent, compulsory,
                universal

                             recording

of the occurrence and characteristics of
    vital events in accordance with the
    legal requirements in each country
Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Population Censuses
  The total process of collecting,
  compiling, evaluating, analyzing and
  publishing or otherwise disseminating
  demographic, economic and social
  data pertaining, at a specified time,
  to all persons in a country.



Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Sample surveys
  Household sample surveys collect
  information for relatively small but
  scientifically designed samples of the
  households.




Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Pros and cons of the three sources of fertility and mortality
data (on the scale of High (H), Medium (M) and Low (L))

Dimension                         Census        Survey        Civil Reg.
Cost                                   H             M               L
Rapidity of processing                  L            H             M-H
Detailed socio-                       M-H            H               L
demographic information
Continuity                              L            M              H
Recency of estimates                    L            M              H
Information on causes of                L            M              H
death



Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Pros and cons of the three sources of fertility and mortality
data (on the scale of High (H), Medium (M) and Low (L))
(cont’d)

Dimension                           Census        Survey        Civil Reg.
Small area statistics                     H             L             H
Affected by age                          M             M              L
misreporting
Availability of time series               L            M              H
Presence of sampling errors               L            H              L
Need for assumptions and                 M             M              L
models for converting
responses into vital rates
Geographical detail                       H             L             H

Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Civil registration is the best source for vital statistics

 Data from civil registration:
    Providing data continuously
    Providing more accurate information on
     cause of deaths
 Data from census and surveys:
    Infrequent (for censuses)
    Sampling errors (for surveys)


Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Results of the questionnaire
Data sources
 Most countries in SADC region relies solely
  on censuses and sample surveys for vital
  statistics
 Some countries use incomplete data from
  civil registration, in combination with other
  sources
 One country has complete civil registration
  system: Mauritius



Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Issues related to civil registration systems: low-coverage

   Civil registration system not compulsory
     Malawi
   Not a tradition to register vital events, especially in rural
    areas
     Birth registration as low as 10% for Zambia in rural
       areas
   Difficult to access areas:
     Remote Area Dwellers (RADs) in Botswana do not have
        access to facilities where they could register these
        events
   Non-conformance of regulations
       Ignorance of the procedures, delayed registration of birth
        until school age (Mozambique)

Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Issues related to civil registration systems: Under-
exploitation of the existing data

   Lack of cooperation between civil registration and statistics
    offices
       In South Africa, the exchange between civil registration and
        statistics office was stalled for seven years, as the civil registration
        authorities stopped providing data to Statistics South Africa
       lack of cooperation between government institutions leading to for
        example delays in disbursement of funds (Swaziland)

   Difficult format for statistics office to process
       In South Africa and Swaziland, civil registration records are in
        mainframe format, requires developing sets of applications.
       Sometimes civil registration data are available only in hard copy,
        requires coding, data entry, editing, tabulating (Malawi)

   Lack of skill required on the compilation of vital statistics
       Tanzania
       Zimbabwe

Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Issues related to civil registration systems: lack of
monitoring and evaluation tools

 Very few countries in the region
  evaluate their registration system




Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
Goals of the workshop…
In light of this introduction the discussion in the
    next five days will focus on:

 Introduce the United Nations guidelines for the
  collection and compilation of vital statistics

 Assess the current status of civil registration
  and vital statistics system in the country


Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
… Goals of the workshop
 Identify gaps and propose strategies for the
  improvement of civil registration

 Identify good practices that countries might
  follow (a) to collect data, (b) to calculate vital
  statistics, (c) to evaluate their quality

 Examine the availability of data that
  countries are able to provide to UNSD
  through the Demographic Yearbook data
  collection and look for ways for further
  improvement.
Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 World Census Programme – for fertility and mortality
statistics

 Principles and Recommendations for
  Population and Housing Censuses, Rev.
  2, published in 2008




Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 World Census Programme – recommendations for the
collection of fertility and mortality statistics

 6 core topics on fertility and mortality
    Children ever born
    Children Living
    Date of birth of last child born alive
    Births in the past 12 months
    Deaths among children born in the last
     12 months
    Deaths in the household in the last 12
     months

Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 World Census Programme – recommendations for the
collection of fertility and mortality statistics (cont.)

 Additional topics
    Age, date and duration of first marriage
    Age of mother at birth of first child born
     alive
    Maternal and paternal orphanhood




Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 World Census Programme - how did we do in the 2000
round? (Core topics)
                                              Date of       Births in   Deaths among       Household
                     Children               birth of last   the past    children born     deaths in the
Country, year of     ever born   Children    child born        12        in the last 12     past 12
census                 alive      living        alive       months          months          months
Botswana, 2001          X           X                          X              X                X
Lesotho, 1996           X           X            X                                             X
Malawi, 1998            X           X                          X              X                X
Mauritius, 2000         X
Mozambique, 1997        X           X                          X              X
Namibia, 2001           X           X            X                                             X
South Africa, 1996      X           X                          X
South Africa, 2001      X           X            X                                             X
Swaziland, 1997         X                        X                                             X
United Republic of
Tanzania, 2002          X           X                          X                               X
Zambia, 2000            X           X                          X              X
Zimbabwe, 2002          X           X            X                                             X

 Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
 SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 World Census Programme - how did we do in the 2000
round? (Additional topics)
                                                             Age of mother at   Age, date or
                                                           birth of first          duration of
                                    Maternal or paternal     child born                first
Country, year of census             orphanhood                     alive             marriage
Botswana, 2001                               X
Lesotho, 1996                                X
Malawi, 1998                                 X
Mauritius, 2000                                                                      X
Mozambique, 1997                             X
Namibia, 2001                                X                    X
South Africa, 1996                           X                    X
South Africa, 2001                           X
Swaziland, 1997                              X
United Republic of Tanzania, 2002            X
Zambia, 2000
Zimbabwe, 2002                               X                    X


 Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
 SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 World Census Programme - how did we do
in the 2000 round?

• Angola, DRC and Madagascar did not
  conduct census in the 2000 round
• For others, coverage of fertility and
  mortality questions are good
• Are those information used to
   • Estimate fertility and mortality level?
   • Evaluate birth and death registration in
     the country?

Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
2010 census round - recommendations

 Take advantage of the 2010 census round
  to capture fertility and mortality
  information
 Ask the right question AND compile the
  data
 Use the census data to evaluate the civil
  registration system in the country



Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008
                      THANK YOU!




Workshop on the Improvement of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics in the
SADC Region, Blantyre, Malawi, 1 – 5 December 2008

								
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