Review of Administrative Sciences Data (0277) fill in the blank
First, fill in the blank:
1, in the West, first proposed the concept of administration is 2000
years ago the great ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle.
2, some scholars from the "separation of powers" to define the
scope of public administration that the country can be divided into
legislative, executive and judicial powers of three.
3, early American statesman and political scientist argues that the
political and administrative separation, which is the main driving force
generated by public administration.
4, Wilson in "The Study of Administration" and Goodnow in
"Politics and Administration" in both political and
administrative claims half when.
5, the primary characteristics of public administration is its public
nature. This is a public organization and the other one of the main
differences between the private sector.
6, China's public administration and public administration in other
countries, the biggest difference is that the leadership of the Chinese
Communist Party government, which determines the unique characteristics
of China's public administration.
7, known as the "Father of Personnel Management" and a pioneer
in behavioral sciences is a great utopian socialist thinker Irving.
8, published a pioneer of Public Administration as "the Chief of
Research," was written by Wilson.
9, Woodrow Wilson, "Political Science Quarterly" published the
pioneer of public administration as "the Chief of Research,"
which marks the emergence of Public Administration.
10, known as the "father of organization theory" is Weber; be
known as the "father of scientific management" is the Taylor;
be known as the "Father of the administration" is Fayol.
11, proposed management of the five functions and 14 management
principles that Fayol.
12, made his famous POSDCRB, the seven management functions that Gulick.
13, the first attempt to establish public administration system is White.
14,1926 White published in the University of Public Administration, the
world's first textbook, "Introduction to Public
15, behavioral science research in public administration during the
greatest contribution is to establish a people-oriented management
thinking, but the biggest weakness is the importance of efficiency, the
emphasis on interpersonal relationships.
16, China made the first Learning Administration is Liang, who in 1876,
"On the translation of the book" made "to learn
Administration of China or poor."
17,1876 on Liang in "On the translation of the book" made
"to learn Administration of China or poor."
18, the Department of Administration, China's first book,
"Administration of the theory and practice," the author is
19, the first research of public administration is management oriented
approach, which is business management orientation. It can be divided
into the traditional management approach and the new public management
20, the study of public administration and political orientation of the
second approach is that it produces in the United States during the New
Deal and World War II in public administration from political criticism.
21, China's most prominent feature of public administration, the
leadership of the Chinese Communist government. This is our country's
public administration and public administration in other countries, the
biggest difference, also determine the distinctive features of China's
public administration is.
22, directly or indirectly, effect or influence on the organizational,
administrative psychological, administrative behavior and management
methods and internal and external administrative system the sum of the
various elements, known as the public administration environment.
23, public administration, special environment first in a variety of
public administration on the differences between the environment.
24, public administration, environmental decisions, restrictions and
limitations of public administration, public administration, public
administration must adapt to the environment. Meanwhile, the public
administration on the dynamic role of public administration environment
also, it can influence and transform public administration environment.
25, the first to propose a study on the environmental issues of public
administration at Harvard professor is Gaussian.
26, Harvard University professor of public administration Gauss first
proposed environmental issues.
27,1961 Riggs published in "Ecology of public administration",
which is representative of public administration, ecology, ecological
method of opening to the trend of public administration precedent.
28, including the organization of the concept of organizational culture,
legal consciousness, moral feelings and values, which values are the core
of organizational culture.
29, with values as the core of organizational culture is the formation of
organizational norms, work guidelines, ways of thinking, behavior and
interpersonal norms source.
30, in China, serving the people is the core values of public
organizational culture, which is determined by a Marxist-Leninist
31, Public Administration of the core issues is the government functions.
32, in a free capitalist, the government only as "night
33, to properly define the functions of the government to properly deal
with the government and society, government and market, government and
social organizations, the relationship between government and citizens,
but also must take into account the degree of development of society and
the level of development of political democracy.
34, the first government to serve the public on the performance of its
35, Marx believed that the basic functions of government have the
political domination and social control functions of the two functions.
36, the regulation of the market economy can only be undertaken by the
Government, other organizations can not replace the government.
Government regulation means mainly to formulate policies.
37,1949 10 21, according to "The People's Republic of China Organic
Law of the Central People's Government," provides for the
establishment of the Central People's Government of the PRC, the
Government Administration Council, consists of 35 departments.
38,1954, China has developed the first socialist constitution, to change
the Government Administration Council of the State Council.
39, in the state and society in the school's role and the role to be
played, as government functions.
40, from the modern society and the state government administrative
practice, the Government's basic functions can be divided into political
functions, economic functions, cultural functions and social functions.
41, the political functions include the functions of political rule, the
functions of defending national sovereignty and democratic functions.
42, the service characteristics of government functions at its first
performance on the non-profit.
43, the most typical self-governing body is the British system of local
government form of local government.
44, China's State Council system is a revolutionary base in the summary
of our party regime based on experience, draw on the Council of Ministers
of the former Soviet system, formed in 1954.
45, the government division of executive power within the system,
government agencies and other settings, and run the sum of relationships
and systems, known as the administrative system.
46, the administrative system is the core issue of the division of
executive power and public organizations, settings, and various
government departments at all levels of the system configuration
47, the administrative system of the lag, that is, the inertia of the
administrative system is evolved by its stability.
48, the cabinet system, also known as the parliamentary system,
parliamentary government system, parliamentary cabinet system,
responsibility for the cabinet system and so on. It originated in 18th
century England, and later adopted by many countries.
49, the presidential system, originated in the late 18th century, the
United States, the President is both head of state, but also as head of
government of the Central Government organization.
50, semi-presidential system is a presidential system in France
deformation, by the French Fifth Republic established a central system.
51, the Committee system, also known as collegiate system, originated in
the mid-19th century Switzerland.
52, the Council of Ministers System In 1946 the former Soviet Union to
establish a central government organization, then some socialist
countries and developing countries have adopted a certain influence of
the central government system.
53, the typical local government administrative body of local government
54, China's local governments based on the principle of democratic
centralism form of government.
55, for the general provincial, city, county, township, the autonomous
practice of autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous
counties, autonomous village is a special type of administrative region.
56, the new administration that the traditional principles of public
administration are dependent on the efficiency of the technical tendency,
even as the basic values of the efficiency principle. The new
administration made a number of alternative and complementary, which is
the core concept of social justice.
57, executive positions constitute the basic elements of the structure of
public organizations, it is the organizational structure of public
support points and points of contact.
58, China's most prominent feature of public administration in the legal
system in China provides the Chinese Communist Party led the Chinese
government at all levels.
59, the public organizational structure depends on the functions of
public organizations, goals, positions and functions and personnel
division and other elements of the form.
60, the vertical structure of public organization, public organization
61, the vertical structure of public organizational structure combined
with the horizontal structure, it was called the duplex structure, which
is a contemporary feature of the structure of public organizations.
62, the public organizational structure and division level of the basic
problems of handling the level of efficiency as the central level and the
departments under the set limit, which is handling the management level
and management level, the relationship between the issues. This is the
key issue of public organization.
63, in general, management is inversely proportional to the magnitude and
management levels, management of magnitude larger, the smaller levels of
management; the contrary, the management of magnitude smaller, the more
levels of management.
64, during the organization of scientific management theory, also known
as the traditional organizational theory. It is produced and formed in
the late 19th century to the 20th century on behalf of the before and
65, the behavioral sciences during the human-centered organization theory
organization theory, it is time to make up for the scientific management
theory of too much emphasis on the organizational structure and rules and
regulations and not enough emphasis on people.
66, a new public advocate participation in the executive. First,
advocates citizen participation. Second, the decision making process in
an organization advocating lower government workers active participation.
67, the executive leadership of the process itself is a social
organization system, this system is the executive leader, was the leader
and the executive leadership of the three organic composition of the
environment, are indispensable.
68, according to the different work content, administrative leaders may
be divided into political leaders, economic leaders, cultural leaders and
69, according to the nature of work or in which the different levels of
management, administrative leaders can be divided into senior leadership,
middle leaders and grassroots leaders.
70, from the nature of work and division of responsibilities, and the
generation approach angle, type of executive leadership for the
government class executive leadership and administrative class executive
71, the executive leader of the more common production methods are mainly
elective system, the appointment system, examination system and the
72, by direct or indirect election system, both elected and
administrative leadership selection system is the system.
73, China's National People's Congress vote election system of government
leaders are elected system.
74, test of any system derived from ancient Chinese imperial examination
system, has now been adopted by countries in the world.
75, from the power of nature, the general powers of the executive
leadership of the power into effect and non-power influence.
76, administrative leadership into political responsibility, liability,
administrative responsibility and moral responsibility of four.
77, loyal to the government, to maintain the reputation, dedication is
the core of administrative ethics.
78, the leadership qualities of leadership theories focus on personality
traits, in order to identify, cultivate and use of qualified leaders.
79, American scholar and Wallace Shiraz quarter of the six proposed
characteristics of leadership theory that leaders should have the
physical characteristics, social background, intelligence, personality,
social skills, task orientation and characteristics of the six areas.
80, in the quarter based on graph theory, Blake and Mouton proposed in
1964 the leadership of the box graph theory.
81, Cartwright and Zander American scholars in their "group
dynamics", a book made PM leadership model.
82, American professor at the University of Michigan study Lickert the
long, made in 1961, leading the system model. This theory will lead the
way down to the four institutions, namely the autocratic style, a
moderate authoritarian, consultative and participatory leadership style
83, with power to locate leadership style theory as the basic variables,
the leadership demonstrated in leading the process of extreme behavior is
divided into three types, namely, authoritarian style of leadership
style, democratic style of leadership style and laissez-faire leadership
84, leadership continuum model is behavioral scientists Tannenbaum and
Schmidt made in 1958.
85, a target channel model was first proposed by Professor Evans,
University of Toronto in 1968, his colleagues made in 1971 House
expansion and development.
86,1973 in American Behavioral Scientist, Femara and yeaton the form of
trying to explain the decision tree in which situations to what extent
the leadership to subordinates in decision-making behavior.
87, the life cycle theory of leadership by the U.S. psychologist Coleman
made in 1966, after the development of Jesse and Blanchard Situational
88, leading to a quarter of the life cycle theory of graph theory and
immature - mature theory combine to create a leadership model for three-
89, personnel administration in the management of the main organs of the
state personnel administration.
90, the United Kingdom to strengthen the management of the civil service
examination in 1855 established the Civil Service Commission, which is
the modern sense, the first independent, functions of personnel
91, the type of personnel administration authority outside the main
system of the Department within the Ministry system, compromise the
system and the unified leadership of the party system.
92, Foreign Ministry of the system is using the legal system the United
States out of the political party system has emerged as an outside
government agency personnel administration.
93, a country or region constitute the elements of human resources, there
are two basic aspects, the first element is the number of human
resources, the second element is the quality of human resources.
94, Western countries the civil service system is the product of the
capitalist system, which originated from the ancient Chinese imperial
examination system, which began in the bourgeois revolution in the UK
civil service system established after.
95, the United States learn from the British national civil service
process, from the outset to establish a merit-based system of national
civil service examination system.
96, personnel classified mainly in two forms, one is a job
classification, the other is the grade classification.
97,1993 on April 24, the second State Council executive meeting adopted
the "Provisional Regulations on Civil Servants", and decided on
October 1, 1993 shall come into force, it marks the country with Chinese
characteristics, the new personnel management executive on the
98, China's civil service positions into positions of leadership and non-
leadership positions in two sequences.
99, our civil service is divided into 15 levels.
100, the principle of equal opportunities and open, and the selection of
the role of the state civil service system of guiding principles.
One hundred and one, China's civil service system provided for the
deployment of three basic forms of civil servants are transferred,
transferred and suspended duties.
102, the training of civil servants in China are mainly novice training,
office training, business training and update training of four. In
addition, the redeployment of the executive authorities must also be
transferred to the training.
102, China's civil service retirement age conditions, including the
contents of the condition, length of service and payment of retirement
life insurance money as well as physical and mental condition.
103, the content of our civil service examination summed up virtuous,
ability, diligence, and achievements, Lim 5, the focus of evaluation work
104, broadly speaking, the movements of public servants including the
positions of movements and levels of lift. The movements of a general
sense, refers to the movements of the national civil service posts, which
include the promotion and demotion of two aspects.
105, the promotion of public servants to implement the fair, the
principles of merit and qualifications.
106, the state civil service requires a prerequisite for promotion is
promoted to the national civil servant, must be approved at the national
level within a few limits.
107, the world's countries to implement the national civil service,
generally not a mere individual to implement a promotion system, the
common trend is merit-based promotion system, while both other promotion
108, to enjoy the insurance coverage of foreign civil servants in
general, including pensions, disability payments, medical insurance,
unemployment insurance, industrial accident insurance. The premiums are
generally the common burden of government and civil individuals.
109, China's civil service benefits are the main contents include the
working hours system, welfare benefits system, visit the system, annual
leave system, heating in winter quarters subsidy system and transport
110, the provisions of civil service systems should be avoided in family
relations, including marital relations, directly related by blood within
three generations, collateral blood relations and relations by marriage.
111, the withdrawal of public servants generally include public function,
geographic affinity, and avoid serving.
112, law and discipline of civil servants should bear legal
responsibility, and shall be punished. Sanctions include a warning, a
demerit, recording a serious demerit, demotion, dismissal and expulsion.
113, integrated office of the authority's day to day affairs of such
rules and regulations and work order management conducted its own affairs
is known as the institution administration.
114, authority Chief Executive of the matters with authorities,
institutions and organs of administration of integrated characteristics
such as the timeliness of administration.
115, authority administrative duties can be summarized as participation
in government, deal with three aspects of services and good service.
116, document the effectiveness of two aspects, first is the real
implementation of the utility, the second is a historical effect.
Documents as part of the process has finished can be converted to a file,
because it is a historical effect.
117, for document management, Premier Zhou Enlai instructed that, first
of all to secrecy, and the second to be precise, the third to quickly.
118, the executive files a variety of forms, which include documents,
messages, hand out, fax, photo, graphics, audio and video products,
technical drawings, etc., which is the main form of text files.
119, the main functions of the executive files a certificate in their
role and reference.
120, office automation in China originated in the 20th century 70's,
though not long, but the development was extremely rapid.
121, office automation, the process has gone through four stages, namely,
single phase operation, data processing stage, the network running, and
knowledge management stage.
122, office automation system level by the transaction processing system,
office automation, office automation level of management information
systems and decision support layer three functionality levels of office
automation systems pose.
123, the main executive decision-making executive leaders, the various
functions of government and government organs and social organizations
have administrative authorization, It can be a leader, can also be a
collective leadership, Tamendouyou statutory powers and status of
authorized by law.
124, administrative decision-making there are two decision-making that
collective decision-making and individual decision-making.
125, on the legality of executive decision-making by the legislature for
the general supervision.
126, leading policy-making system is the core of administrative decision-
making system is dominated by the actual power.
127, expert consultation system, the main role is to develop decision-
128, making the program developed in two phases, namely, phase and
designed to be coarse stage.
129, the Chief Executive's principal executive and administrative staff.
In the extended sense, should also be included by the executive authority
of social organization.
130, the Chief Executive has a comprehensive, purpose, specific,
compulsory and flexibility features.
131, the Chief Executive of the general process can be divided into the
preparation phase, implementation phase and summary stage.
132, faithful to the decision to implement the non-aliasing, which is
part of public administration on the primary administrative enforcement
133, the Chief Executive is the first stage of the process of preparation
134, the implementation phase is the implementation of the administrative
process of the most meaningful, the most critical stage.
135, simple, urgent implementation of activities more appropriate to use
an oral command.
136, high level, broad in scope, time and space conditions are
restricted, more suitable for the implementation of activities in a
137, classified according to the control of timing, there are pre-
control, something in the control and ex post control.
138, to determine process control standard is the starting point of
139, the last part of the executive control process is the most critical
aspect is the correct bias.
140, generally can be divided into administrative control process to
determine control standards, measure performance and to correct
deviations of three interrelated steps.
141, usually the leader of four information is used to measure and assess
the actual work results, which is a personal observation, statistical
reports, oral briefings and written reports.
142, in the administrative activities, in various government departments
and various field-level staff and between the various government carried
out between the exchange and transfer of information for the
143, an official of the organization through the required procedures and
organization of the formal channels of communication is a formal
communication, it is a major form of communication.
144, a balance should not be used to communicate orders or directions of
communication forms, but only through consultation, cooperation approach.
145, mainly by the Chief Executive process evaluation carried out at all
levels of administrative organs, organizations, and the Chief Executive
Performance Evaluation range more widely, all levels of the legislature,
various political parties, social organizations, mass media or
specialized assessment institutions could organizations.
146, assessment summary, including writing assessment reports and summary
assessment of two aspects.
147, general administrative supervision is the political parties,
legislature, judiciary, social organizations, and public opinion within
the administrative system and civil law and administrative staff of
government administrative acts of Ye Qian, fairness and effectiveness of
monitoring and supervision of the behavior.
148, Administrative Supervisor is composed of three main components:
First, the main legal supervision; second law, policy, administrative
supervision of the principal authorized; third is entrusted with the
supervision of the main.
149, the content is the administrative supervision of the administrative
body administrative process and behavior of public servants and their
150, the judiciary is judicial supervision of the implementation of
monitoring and supervision of the prosecution.
151 the prosecution of the administrative supervision is mainly reflected
the investigation and supervision and supervision of both job-related
152, job-related crimes including corruption and bribery supervisory
oversight, supervision and dereliction of duty and infringement of three
153, judicial supervision, including supervision of administrative
litigation, national compensation monitoring and supervision of criminal
154, in accordance with the process of public administration can be
divided into pre-supervision, do the monitoring and supervision
155, for monitoring the implementation of the object in the
implementation of the law or decision-making, planning the course of
performing their duties to conduct supervision and inspection, as a
matter of oversight.
156, something in the Authority's main form of on-site supervision and
157, our law has many provisions on the filing, in accordance with the
accepted record of the subject are: the State Council for record; to the
State Council departments of the record; to local governments at all
levels and departments of the record.
158,1987, promulgated to implement the "Office of the NPC Standing
Committee, State Council on the work of local laws and regulations for
the record notice" requirement, the record of local regulations,
autonomous regulations and separate regulations shall be approved within
30 days from the date of the taxi submitted to the State Council 15.
159, approved a strong binding of prior supervision, and its contents
include: the requirements of this target material submitted for approval,
review and approval (with reject) the three basic steps.
160, according to law, to exercise the right to change or revoke the
State Council and governments at all levels only.
161, under the "Civil Servant Law" and "Administrative
Supervision Law" stipulates that a total of six types of
administrative sanctions: warning, demerit, recording a serious demerit,
demotion, dismissal, expulsion.
162, administrative supervision is the country, the executive, the civil
servants appointed by the state administrative organs and other
163, on the monitoring object is not a crime, only constitute a violation
of administrative discipline cases, the investigation and handling by the
administrative supervisory authorities; on the case constitutes a crime
under supervision by the prosecution criminal prosecution.
164, on a civil servant of the Chinese Communist Party members of the
case and the need for punishment, given by the administrative supervisory
authority to administrative disciplinary action and the party's
discipline inspection organs to disciplinary punishment.
165, involving non-Chinese Communist Party's national civil cases only
need to give punishment given by the administrative supervisory
authorities and government discipline.
166, involving the state administrative organs other than the case of the
Chinese Communist Party needs to be punished, and only by the party's
discipline inspection organs to disciplinary punishment.
167, the dual leadership of administrative supervision, administrative
supervision organs at higher levels to monitor the authority's leadership
on the lower level is the overall direction, but the main business
168, China's administrative competence and support functions from the
basic terms of two parts. The former is the core competence of
administrative supervision organs, reflecting the nature of the executive
and supervisory organs.
169, China's administrative supervision organs of the basic terms of
reference include the right of inspection, investigation, recommendation
and administrative disposition of four.
170, according to the different objects of administrative supervision,
administrative supervision of the administration of dispositions can be
divided into administrative dispositions and recommendations directly to
the relevant authorities for administrative disposition.
171, our current set of audit institutions are the central auditing
authority and local audit bodies of two.
172, our audit institutions in auditing body set up to send local
agencies and organizations in sectors are represented. Currently, the
Audit Commission in place in 18 cities set up special offices in place.
173, audit supervision, primarily through the review of the accounting
records and financial information relating to approaches to, if
necessary, to conduct investigations.
174, judicial supervision of the administration by the People's
Procuratorate and the courts constitute the two main judicial
175, the theoretical basis of social supervision mainly theoretical
sovereignty of the people and the right to information theory.
176 On the subject of supervision, including general civil and social
organizations, including the news media.
177, the government is the main allocation of public finance.
178, Public Finance with the optimal allocation of resources, adjusting
income distribution and stability of the three major functions of
179, in modern society, the way resources are mainly two kinds of market
allocation and the government allocation.
180, borne by the public financial resources is responsible for the
market in resource allocation to make up for deficiencies exist.
181, over the implementation of a progressive tax and social security
system is the government regulating personal income distribution, an
important means to narrow the income gap.
182, regulating the relations of distribution of income between regions
is mainly through the central payment system on the local implementation
of metastatic, Manipulating the income gap between regions and promote
regional balanced development.
183, the financial needs of society and thus on the rate of economic
growth, there are two main regulatory mechanisms, namely automatic
adjustment mechanism and camera adjustment mechanism.
184, automatic adjustment mechanism is the use of progressive income tax
and transfer payment to the economic development of the "automatic
stabilizer" feature to adjust the mechanism of social needs.
185, camera adjustment mechanism of action in theory can be summarized in
the following situations: First, demand is greater than supply in the
social, economic overheating, select the income and expenses of the
contractionary fiscal policy. Second, the demand less than supply in the
social, economic depression, the choice to reduce the incremental costs
of expansionary fiscal policy. Third, the social demand and supply
roughly in balance, sustainable and stable economic growth in the state,
should choose balanced fiscal policy, so then the same amount of revenue
and expenditure to maintain the comparative status of the established
social supply and demand and maintain steady economic growth.
186, with the progress of market-oriented reform and the socialist market
economy system, China's government will turn a dual mode, namely, public
finance and state-owned financial co-exist in the mode of capital,
accordingly, in our national budget system will appear in public budgets
and the coexistence of state-owned capital operation budget structure.
187, Jianguo, China has been implementing a single-type budget, since
1992, our budget from the previous single style began to change by double
the budget on a trial, that is, to balance all the participating
operators were prepared according to their nature, into the regular
budget and construction budget.
188, our national accounts step by step according to a unified system of
compiled accounts, including accounts of central and local general
189, through the legal procedures for examination and approval of the
central budget and local budgets, the composition of the national budget,
the force of law.
190, China's national budget is the implementation of certain
organizations. According to our Constitution, the executive organ of the
national budget is the State Council and local governments at all levels.
191, analysis of the contents of the accounts audit there are two
aspects: one is a policy review; on the other hand is a technical review.
192, a prerequisite for tax receipts is a national public power.
193, performance is subject to tax members of society.
194, in accordance with the tax structure and complexity to the
singularity are divided into complex tax system with a single tax system.
China's current complex tax system is implemented.
195, the core of the tax system is tax, it is important to the whole part
of the legal system.
196, according to whether the economic equivalent of the compensation
received direct financial expenditure can be divided into purchase of
expenses on transfers.
197, in China, according to the distinction between state functions will
be divided into expenditure on economic construction costs, social
cultural and educational fees, defense, administration fees and other
198, "The People's Republic of China Government Procurement
Law" is the date of entry into force January 1, 2003.
199, according to the openness of the procurement method could be the way
government procurement into two categories, namely, non-tender
procurement and tendering of the procurement. Tender procurement is
higher openness in government procurement methods.
200, by acceptable range of different bidders, tender procurement can be
divided into open bidding, selective bidding and restricted bidding.
Among them, the open tender procurement and selective bidding is Jing
201, according to test, "the rule of law", which is the first
to propose the ancient Greeks Pythagoras.
202, in modern Britain, Harrington was the first to address the country's
political and legal relationship between the people.
203, the rule of law in France is the most representative of those who
are Montesquieu and Rousseau, although they all belong to the
Enlightenment thinkers, but the rule of law is not exactly the same.
Montesquieu's emphasis on the "law of the spirit." Rousseau
Zeyi doctrine of popular sovereignty as the core.
204, rule of law and administration features include a statutory
authority, legal reserves, legal priority, according to the law,
authority and responsibilities of unity and so on.
205, the executive's statutory authority, there are two forms, one from
the Executive Organization Act, mostly in broad language, delineation of
the responsibilities of various agencies; second is by a single
substantive law provides a specific matter which the jurisdiction of the
206, the general executive and legislative process of planning, drafting,
review, the decision to sign the publication and filing.
207, planning is the executive and the legislature of the start step.
Generally speaking, legislative plans are divided into two five-year
plans and annual plans.
208, consideration of the State Council on the administrative rules and
regulations, generally carried out by the State Council executive
209, considered the adoption of administrative rules and regulations, the
subject signed by the executive heads of executive and the legislature.
Administrative regulations formulated by the State Council, signed by the
Premier; departmental regulations signed by the appropriate department
heads; local government regulations by the governor, chairmen of
autonomous regions or the mayor to sign.
210, under the "Legislative Act," administrative rules and
regulations should be reported within 30 days after publication of the
relevant departments for the record.
211, the main administrative regulations formulated by the State Council.
212, "Legislative Law," the main provisions of the formulation
of administrative regulations, the procedures are: (1) project and
drafting; (2) listen; (3) review of the draft laws and regulations; (4)
decisions; (5) released; (6) published.
213, the State Council to exercise legislative oversight of the work of
agencies of the State Council Legislative Affairs Bureau, is responsible
for its specific rules and regulations of the record review and
management, the legislative oversight.
214, a comprehensive review of the principles of administrative review,
including review and appropriate review of the legality of two parts.
215,1989 years "Administrative Procedure Law," the announcement
marks the Chinese administrative legal system entered a new historical
216, ruled that the jurisdiction of the courts have transferred the
jurisdiction, the designated authority and jurisdiction of the transfer
217, administrative proceedings, including prosecution and accepted
procedures; first instance procedures; second instance; trial supervision
procedures; action to suspend the proceedings end with the period, the
service and so on.
218, representative executive compensation principle of liability without
fault attributable to the principle of Liability Liability Principle and
the principle of law.
219, administrative liability of infringement of the main composition
elements of a performance of the duties is illegal, the fact that the
damage caused by the violation and the damage and causation.
220, executive compensation, including damages against material damage
and moral damage. Material damage can be divided into direct damage and
221, covers the basic administrative tools, administrative procedures and
technical methods in three aspects.
222, the basic method of administration, including methods of legal
policy, administrative and economic methods of instruction methods.
223, administrative procedures can be divided from the transverse
processes and procedures for determining program.
224, administrative procedures, administrative program from the vertical
can be divided into preparation, the decision to plan, implement plans,
inspection and supervision and evaluation and punishments.
225, the basic method of simplification of administrative procedures is
to simplify the administrative work.
226, simplify the management of scientists Ingerson theory was put
forward in 1933, to today, has become a basic management principles and
227, goal management scholar Peter Drucker in the United States 50 years
of the 20th century, applied systems theory, cybernetics, information
theory and interpersonal theory and proposed a new management approach.
228, based on the characteristics of management by objectives, tasks and
results as the center of modern management methods.
229, public organizations and administrative staff work in public
administration and investment of resources and effectiveness of the
results of the proportional relationship between the called
230, the concept of administrative efficiency in the formation and
development can be divided into three stages: stage of mechanical
efficiency, social efficiency specification stage and the objective of
efficiency and effectiveness phase.
231, up from a public organizational level inspection, administrative
efficiency can be divided into three levels: organizational
effectiveness, management efficiency and effectiveness.
232, of the senior decision-makers were organized by the performance of
efficiency, organizational efficiency, also known as decision-making
233, middle management in public organizations, the efficiency shown by,
for management efficiency.
234, public organizations, the workers demonstrated efficiency, work
efficiency, also known as mechanical efficiency.
235, the purpose of efficiency of public administration, public
administration, the value is fair.