Review of Administrative Sciences Data (0277) fill in the blank First, fill in the blank: 1, in the West, first proposed the concept of administration is 2000 years ago the great ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. 2, some scholars from the "separation of powers" to define the scope of public administration that the country can be divided into legislative, executive and judicial powers of three. 3, early American statesman and political scientist argues that the political and administrative separation, which is the main driving force generated by public administration. 4, Wilson in "The Study of Administration" and Goodnow in "Politics and Administration" in both political and administrative claims half when. 5, the primary characteristics of public administration is its public nature. This is a public organization and the other one of the main differences between the private sector. 6, China's public administration and public administration in other countries, the biggest difference is that the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party government, which determines the unique characteristics of China's public administration. 7, known as the "Father of Personnel Management" and a pioneer in behavioral sciences is a great utopian socialist thinker Irving. 8, published a pioneer of Public Administration as "the Chief of Research," was written by Wilson. 9, Woodrow Wilson, "Political Science Quarterly" published the pioneer of public administration as "the Chief of Research," which marks the emergence of Public Administration. 10, known as the "father of organization theory" is Weber; be known as the "father of scientific management" is the Taylor; be known as the "Father of the administration" is Fayol. 11, proposed management of the five functions and 14 management principles that Fayol. 12, made his famous POSDCRB, the seven management functions that Gulick. 13, the first attempt to establish public administration system is White. 14,1926 White published in the University of Public Administration, the world's first textbook, "Introduction to Public Administration." 15, behavioral science research in public administration during the greatest contribution is to establish a people-oriented management thinking, but the biggest weakness is the importance of efficiency, the emphasis on interpersonal relationships. 16, China made the first Learning Administration is Liang, who in 1876, "On the translation of the book" made "to learn Administration of China or poor." 17,1876 on Liang in "On the translation of the book" made "to learn Administration of China or poor." 18, the Department of Administration, China's first book, "Administration of the theory and practice," the author is Zhang Jian. 19, the first research of public administration is management oriented approach, which is business management orientation. It can be divided into the traditional management approach and the new public management approach. 20, the study of public administration and political orientation of the second approach is that it produces in the United States during the New Deal and World War II in public administration from political criticism. 21, China's most prominent feature of public administration, the leadership of the Chinese Communist government. This is our country's public administration and public administration in other countries, the biggest difference, also determine the distinctive features of China's public administration is. 22, directly or indirectly, effect or influence on the organizational, administrative psychological, administrative behavior and management methods and internal and external administrative system the sum of the various elements, known as the public administration environment. 23, public administration, special environment first in a variety of public administration on the differences between the environment. 24, public administration, environmental decisions, restrictions and limitations of public administration, public administration, public administration must adapt to the environment. Meanwhile, the public administration on the dynamic role of public administration environment also, it can influence and transform public administration environment. 25, the first to propose a study on the environmental issues of public administration at Harvard professor is Gaussian. 26, Harvard University professor of public administration Gauss first proposed environmental issues. 27,1961 Riggs published in "Ecology of public administration", which is representative of public administration, ecology, ecological method of opening to the trend of public administration precedent. 28, including the organization of the concept of organizational culture, legal consciousness, moral feelings and values, which values are the core of organizational culture. 29, with values as the core of organizational culture is the formation of organizational norms, work guidelines, ways of thinking, behavior and interpersonal norms source. 30, in China, serving the people is the core values of public organizational culture, which is determined by a Marxist-Leninist ideology. 31, Public Administration of the core issues is the government functions. 32, in a free capitalist, the government only as "night watchman" role. 33, to properly define the functions of the government to properly deal with the government and society, government and market, government and social organizations, the relationship between government and citizens, but also must take into account the degree of development of society and the level of development of political democracy. ? 34, the first government to serve the public on the performance of its non-profit. 35, Marx believed that the basic functions of government have the political domination and social control functions of the two functions. 36, the regulation of the market economy can only be undertaken by the Government, other organizations can not replace the government. Government regulation means mainly to formulate policies. 37,1949 10 21, according to "The People's Republic of China Organic Law of the Central People's Government," provides for the establishment of the Central People's Government of the PRC, the Government Administration Council, consists of 35 departments. 38,1954, China has developed the first socialist constitution, to change the Government Administration Council of the State Council. 39, in the state and society in the school's role and the role to be played, as government functions. 40, from the modern society and the state government administrative practice, the Government's basic functions can be divided into political functions, economic functions, cultural functions and social functions. 41, the political functions include the functions of political rule, the functions of defending national sovereignty and democratic functions. 42, the service characteristics of government functions at its first performance on the non-profit. 43, the most typical self-governing body is the British system of local government form of local government. 44, China's State Council system is a revolutionary base in the summary of our party regime based on experience, draw on the Council of Ministers of the former Soviet system, formed in 1954. 45, the government division of executive power within the system, government agencies and other settings, and run the sum of relationships and systems, known as the administrative system. 46, the administrative system is the core issue of the division of executive power and public organizations, settings, and various government departments at all levels of the system configuration functions. 47, the administrative system of the lag, that is, the inertia of the administrative system is evolved by its stability. 48, the cabinet system, also known as the parliamentary system, parliamentary government system, parliamentary cabinet system, responsibility for the cabinet system and so on. It originated in 18th century England, and later adopted by many countries. 49, the presidential system, originated in the late 18th century, the United States, the President is both head of state, but also as head of government of the Central Government organization. 50, semi-presidential system is a presidential system in France deformation, by the French Fifth Republic established a central system. 51, the Committee system, also known as collegiate system, originated in the mid-19th century Switzerland. 52, the Council of Ministers System In 1946 the former Soviet Union to establish a central government organization, then some socialist countries and developing countries have adopted a certain influence of the central government system. 53, the typical local government administrative body of local government in Germany. 54, China's local governments based on the principle of democratic centralism form of government. 55, for the general provincial, city, county, township, the autonomous practice of autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties, autonomous village is a special type of administrative region. 56, the new administration that the traditional principles of public administration are dependent on the efficiency of the technical tendency, even as the basic values of the efficiency principle. The new administration made a number of alternative and complementary, which is the core concept of social justice. 57, executive positions constitute the basic elements of the structure of public organizations, it is the organizational structure of public support points and points of contact. 58, China's most prominent feature of public administration in the legal system in China provides the Chinese Communist Party led the Chinese government at all levels. 59, the public organizational structure depends on the functions of public organizations, goals, positions and functions and personnel division and other elements of the form. 60, the vertical structure of public organization, public organization hierarchy. 61, the vertical structure of public organizational structure combined with the horizontal structure, it was called the duplex structure, which is a contemporary feature of the structure of public organizations. 62, the public organizational structure and division level of the basic problems of handling the level of efficiency as the central level and the departments under the set limit, which is handling the management level and management level, the relationship between the issues. This is the key issue of public organization. 63, in general, management is inversely proportional to the magnitude and management levels, management of magnitude larger, the smaller levels of management; the contrary, the management of magnitude smaller, the more levels of management. 64, during the organization of scientific management theory, also known as the traditional organizational theory. It is produced and formed in the late 19th century to the 20th century on behalf of the before and after. 65, the behavioral sciences during the human-centered organization theory organization theory, it is time to make up for the scientific management theory of too much emphasis on the organizational structure and rules and regulations and not enough emphasis on people. 66, a new public advocate participation in the executive. First, advocates citizen participation. Second, the decision making process in an organization advocating lower government workers active participation. 67, the executive leadership of the process itself is a social organization system, this system is the executive leader, was the leader and the executive leadership of the three organic composition of the environment, are indispensable. 68, according to the different work content, administrative leaders may be divided into political leaders, economic leaders, cultural leaders and other leaders. 69, according to the nature of work or in which the different levels of management, administrative leaders can be divided into senior leadership, middle leaders and grassroots leaders. 70, from the nature of work and division of responsibilities, and the generation approach angle, type of executive leadership for the government class executive leadership and administrative class executive leadership. 71, the executive leader of the more common production methods are mainly elective system, the appointment system, examination system and the appointment term. 72, by direct or indirect election system, both elected and administrative leadership selection system is the system. 73, China's National People's Congress vote election system of government leaders are elected system. 74, test of any system derived from ancient Chinese imperial examination system, has now been adopted by countries in the world. 75, from the power of nature, the general powers of the executive leadership of the power into effect and non-power influence. 76, administrative leadership into political responsibility, liability, administrative responsibility and moral responsibility of four. 77, loyal to the government, to maintain the reputation, dedication is the core of administrative ethics. 78, the leadership qualities of leadership theories focus on personality traits, in order to identify, cultivate and use of qualified leaders. 79, American scholar and Wallace Shiraz quarter of the six proposed characteristics of leadership theory that leaders should have the physical characteristics, social background, intelligence, personality, social skills, task orientation and characteristics of the six areas. 80, in the quarter based on graph theory, Blake and Mouton proposed in 1964 the leadership of the box graph theory. 81, Cartwright and Zander American scholars in their "group dynamics", a book made PM leadership model. 82, American professor at the University of Michigan study Lickert the long, made in 1961, leading the system model. This theory will lead the way down to the four institutions, namely the autocratic style, a moderate authoritarian, consultative and participatory leadership style democratic leadership. 83, with power to locate leadership style theory as the basic variables, the leadership demonstrated in leading the process of extreme behavior is divided into three types, namely, authoritarian style of leadership style, democratic style of leadership style and laissez-faire leadership style. 84, leadership continuum model is behavioral scientists Tannenbaum and Schmidt made in 1958. 85, a target channel model was first proposed by Professor Evans, University of Toronto in 1968, his colleagues made in 1971 House expansion and development. 86,1973 in American Behavioral Scientist, Femara and yeaton the form of trying to explain the decision tree in which situations to what extent the leadership to subordinates in decision-making behavior. 87, the life cycle theory of leadership by the U.S. psychologist Coleman made in 1966, after the development of Jesse and Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory. 88, leading to a quarter of the life cycle theory of graph theory and immature - mature theory combine to create a leadership model for three- dimensional space. 89, personnel administration in the management of the main organs of the state personnel administration. 90, the United Kingdom to strengthen the management of the civil service examination in 1855 established the Civil Service Commission, which is the modern sense, the first independent, functions of personnel administration authority. 91, the type of personnel administration authority outside the main system of the Department within the Ministry system, compromise the system and the unified leadership of the party system. 92, Foreign Ministry of the system is using the legal system the United States out of the political party system has emerged as an outside government agency personnel administration. 93, a country or region constitute the elements of human resources, there are two basic aspects, the first element is the number of human resources, the second element is the quality of human resources. 94, Western countries the civil service system is the product of the capitalist system, which originated from the ancient Chinese imperial examination system, which began in the bourgeois revolution in the UK civil service system established after. 95, the United States learn from the British national civil service process, from the outset to establish a merit-based system of national civil service examination system. 96, personnel classified mainly in two forms, one is a job classification, the other is the grade classification. 97,1993 on April 24, the second State Council executive meeting adopted the "Provisional Regulations on Civil Servants", and decided on October 1, 1993 shall come into force, it marks the country with Chinese characteristics, the new personnel management executive on the establishment of. 98, China's civil service positions into positions of leadership and non- leadership positions in two sequences. 99, our civil service is divided into 15 levels. 100, the principle of equal opportunities and open, and the selection of the role of the state civil service system of guiding principles. One hundred and one, China's civil service system provided for the deployment of three basic forms of civil servants are transferred, transferred and suspended duties. 102, the training of civil servants in China are mainly novice training, office training, business training and update training of four. In addition, the redeployment of the executive authorities must also be transferred to the training. 102, China's civil service retirement age conditions, including the contents of the condition, length of service and payment of retirement life insurance money as well as physical and mental condition. 103, the content of our civil service examination summed up virtuous, ability, diligence, and achievements, Lim 5, the focus of evaluation work performance. 104, broadly speaking, the movements of public servants including the positions of movements and levels of lift. The movements of a general sense, refers to the movements of the national civil service posts, which include the promotion and demotion of two aspects. 105, the promotion of public servants to implement the fair, the principles of merit and qualifications. 106, the state civil service requires a prerequisite for promotion is promoted to the national civil servant, must be approved at the national level within a few limits. 107, the world's countries to implement the national civil service, generally not a mere individual to implement a promotion system, the common trend is merit-based promotion system, while both other promotion system. 108, to enjoy the insurance coverage of foreign civil servants in general, including pensions, disability payments, medical insurance, unemployment insurance, industrial accident insurance. The premiums are generally the common burden of government and civil individuals. 109, China's civil service benefits are the main contents include the working hours system, welfare benefits system, visit the system, annual leave system, heating in winter quarters subsidy system and transport subsidies. 110, the provisions of civil service systems should be avoided in family relations, including marital relations, directly related by blood within three generations, collateral blood relations and relations by marriage. 111, the withdrawal of public servants generally include public function, geographic affinity, and avoid serving. 112, law and discipline of civil servants should bear legal responsibility, and shall be punished. Sanctions include a warning, a demerit, recording a serious demerit, demotion, dismissal and expulsion. 113, integrated office of the authority's day to day affairs of such rules and regulations and work order management conducted its own affairs is known as the institution administration. 114, authority Chief Executive of the matters with authorities, institutions and organs of administration of integrated characteristics such as the timeliness of administration. 115, authority administrative duties can be summarized as participation in government, deal with three aspects of services and good service. 116, document the effectiveness of two aspects, first is the real implementation of the utility, the second is a historical effect. Documents as part of the process has finished can be converted to a file, because it is a historical effect. 117, for document management, Premier Zhou Enlai instructed that, first of all to secrecy, and the second to be precise, the third to quickly. 118, the executive files a variety of forms, which include documents, messages, hand out, fax, photo, graphics, audio and video products, technical drawings, etc., which is the main form of text files. 119, the main functions of the executive files a certificate in their role and reference. 120, office automation in China originated in the 20th century 70's, though not long, but the development was extremely rapid. 121, office automation, the process has gone through four stages, namely, single phase operation, data processing stage, the network running, and knowledge management stage. 122, office automation system level by the transaction processing system, office automation, office automation level of management information systems and decision support layer three functionality levels of office automation systems pose. 123, the main executive decision-making executive leaders, the various functions of government and government organs and social organizations have administrative authorization, It can be a leader, can also be a collective leadership, Tamendouyou statutory powers and status of authorized by law. 124, administrative decision-making there are two decision-making that collective decision-making and individual decision-making. 125, on the legality of executive decision-making by the legislature for the general supervision. 126, leading policy-making system is the core of administrative decision- making system is dominated by the actual power. 127, expert consultation system, the main role is to develop decision- making program. ? 128, making the program developed in two phases, namely, phase and designed to be coarse stage. 129, the Chief Executive's principal executive and administrative staff. In the extended sense, should also be included by the executive authority of social organization. 130, the Chief Executive has a comprehensive, purpose, specific, compulsory and flexibility features. 131, the Chief Executive of the general process can be divided into the preparation phase, implementation phase and summary stage. 132, faithful to the decision to implement the non-aliasing, which is part of public administration on the primary administrative enforcement requirements. 133, the Chief Executive is the first stage of the process of preparation phase. 134, the implementation phase is the implementation of the administrative process of the most meaningful, the most critical stage. 135, simple, urgent implementation of activities more appropriate to use an oral command. 136, high level, broad in scope, time and space conditions are restricted, more suitable for the implementation of activities in a written command. 137, classified according to the control of timing, there are pre- control, something in the control and ex post control. 138, to determine process control standard is the starting point of administrative control. 139, the last part of the executive control process is the most critical aspect is the correct bias. 140, generally can be divided into administrative control process to determine control standards, measure performance and to correct deviations of three interrelated steps. 141, usually the leader of four information is used to measure and assess the actual work results, which is a personal observation, statistical reports, oral briefings and written reports. 142, in the administrative activities, in various government departments and various field-level staff and between the various government carried out between the exchange and transfer of information for the administrative communication. 143, an official of the organization through the required procedures and organization of the formal channels of communication is a formal communication, it is a major form of communication. 144, a balance should not be used to communicate orders or directions of communication forms, but only through consultation, cooperation approach. 145, mainly by the Chief Executive process evaluation carried out at all levels of administrative organs, organizations, and the Chief Executive Performance Evaluation range more widely, all levels of the legislature, various political parties, social organizations, mass media or specialized assessment institutions could organizations. 146, assessment summary, including writing assessment reports and summary assessment of two aspects. 147, general administrative supervision is the political parties, legislature, judiciary, social organizations, and public opinion within the administrative system and civil law and administrative staff of government administrative acts of Ye Qian, fairness and effectiveness of monitoring and supervision of the behavior. 148, Administrative Supervisor is composed of three main components: First, the main legal supervision; second law, policy, administrative supervision of the principal authorized; third is entrusted with the supervision of the main. 149, the content is the administrative supervision of the administrative body administrative process and behavior of public servants and their associated mechanisms. 150, the judiciary is judicial supervision of the implementation of monitoring and supervision of the prosecution. 151 the prosecution of the administrative supervision is mainly reflected the investigation and supervision and supervision of both job-related crimes. 152, job-related crimes including corruption and bribery supervisory oversight, supervision and dereliction of duty and infringement of three supervision. 153, judicial supervision, including supervision of administrative litigation, national compensation monitoring and supervision of criminal proceedings. 154, in accordance with the process of public administration can be divided into pre-supervision, do the monitoring and supervision afterwards. 155, for monitoring the implementation of the object in the implementation of the law or decision-making, planning the course of performing their duties to conduct supervision and inspection, as a matter of oversight. 156, something in the Authority's main form of on-site supervision and regular supervision. 157, our law has many provisions on the filing, in accordance with the accepted record of the subject are: the State Council for record; to the State Council departments of the record; to local governments at all levels and departments of the record. 158,1987, promulgated to implement the "Office of the NPC Standing Committee, State Council on the work of local laws and regulations for the record notice" requirement, the record of local regulations, autonomous regulations and separate regulations shall be approved within 30 days from the date of the taxi submitted to the State Council 15. 159, approved a strong binding of prior supervision, and its contents include: the requirements of this target material submitted for approval, review and approval (with reject) the three basic steps. 160, according to law, to exercise the right to change or revoke the State Council and governments at all levels only. 161, under the "Civil Servant Law" and "Administrative Supervision Law" stipulates that a total of six types of administrative sanctions: warning, demerit, recording a serious demerit, demotion, dismissal, expulsion. ? 162, administrative supervision is the country, the executive, the civil servants appointed by the state administrative organs and other personnel. 163, on the monitoring object is not a crime, only constitute a violation of administrative discipline cases, the investigation and handling by the administrative supervisory authorities; on the case constitutes a crime under supervision by the prosecution criminal prosecution. 164, on a civil servant of the Chinese Communist Party members of the case and the need for punishment, given by the administrative supervisory authority to administrative disciplinary action and the party's discipline inspection organs to disciplinary punishment. 165, involving non-Chinese Communist Party's national civil cases only need to give punishment given by the administrative supervisory authorities and government discipline. 166, involving the state administrative organs other than the case of the Chinese Communist Party needs to be punished, and only by the party's discipline inspection organs to disciplinary punishment. 167, the dual leadership of administrative supervision, administrative supervision organs at higher levels to monitor the authority's leadership on the lower level is the overall direction, but the main business leaders. 168, China's administrative competence and support functions from the basic terms of two parts. The former is the core competence of administrative supervision organs, reflecting the nature of the executive and supervisory organs. 169, China's administrative supervision organs of the basic terms of reference include the right of inspection, investigation, recommendation and administrative disposition of four. 170, according to the different objects of administrative supervision, administrative supervision of the administration of dispositions can be divided into administrative dispositions and recommendations directly to the relevant authorities for administrative disposition. 171, our current set of audit institutions are the central auditing authority and local audit bodies of two. 172, our audit institutions in auditing body set up to send local agencies and organizations in sectors are represented. Currently, the Audit Commission in place in 18 cities set up special offices in place. 173, audit supervision, primarily through the review of the accounting records and financial information relating to approaches to, if necessary, to conduct investigations. 174, judicial supervision of the administration by the People's Procuratorate and the courts constitute the two main judicial supervision. 175, the theoretical basis of social supervision mainly theoretical sovereignty of the people and the right to information theory. 176 On the subject of supervision, including general civil and social organizations, including the news media. 177, the government is the main allocation of public finance. 178, Public Finance with the optimal allocation of resources, adjusting income distribution and stability of the three major functions of economic growth. 179, in modern society, the way resources are mainly two kinds of market allocation and the government allocation. 180, borne by the public financial resources is responsible for the market in resource allocation to make up for deficiencies exist. 181, over the implementation of a progressive tax and social security system is the government regulating personal income distribution, an important means to narrow the income gap. 182, regulating the relations of distribution of income between regions is mainly through the central payment system on the local implementation of metastatic, Manipulating the income gap between regions and promote regional balanced development. 183, the financial needs of society and thus on the rate of economic growth, there are two main regulatory mechanisms, namely automatic adjustment mechanism and camera adjustment mechanism. 184, automatic adjustment mechanism is the use of progressive income tax and transfer payment to the economic development of the "automatic stabilizer" feature to adjust the mechanism of social needs. 185, camera adjustment mechanism of action in theory can be summarized in the following situations: First, demand is greater than supply in the social, economic overheating, select the income and expenses of the contractionary fiscal policy. Second, the demand less than supply in the social, economic depression, the choice to reduce the incremental costs of expansionary fiscal policy. Third, the social demand and supply roughly in balance, sustainable and stable economic growth in the state, should choose balanced fiscal policy, so then the same amount of revenue and expenditure to maintain the comparative status of the established social supply and demand and maintain steady economic growth. 186, with the progress of market-oriented reform and the socialist market economy system, China's government will turn a dual mode, namely, public finance and state-owned financial co-exist in the mode of capital, accordingly, in our national budget system will appear in public budgets and the coexistence of state-owned capital operation budget structure. 187, Jianguo, China has been implementing a single-type budget, since 1992, our budget from the previous single style began to change by double the budget on a trial, that is, to balance all the participating operators were prepared according to their nature, into the regular budget and construction budget. 188, our national accounts step by step according to a unified system of compiled accounts, including accounts of central and local general budget. . 189, through the legal procedures for examination and approval of the central budget and local budgets, the composition of the national budget, the force of law. 190, China's national budget is the implementation of certain organizations. According to our Constitution, the executive organ of the national budget is the State Council and local governments at all levels. 191, analysis of the contents of the accounts audit there are two aspects: one is a policy review; on the other hand is a technical review. 192, a prerequisite for tax receipts is a national public power. 193, performance is subject to tax members of society. 194, in accordance with the tax structure and complexity to the singularity are divided into complex tax system with a single tax system. China's current complex tax system is implemented. 195, the core of the tax system is tax, it is important to the whole part of the legal system. 196, according to whether the economic equivalent of the compensation received direct financial expenditure can be divided into purchase of expenses on transfers. 197, in China, according to the distinction between state functions will be divided into expenditure on economic construction costs, social cultural and educational fees, defense, administration fees and other expenses top-five. 198, "The People's Republic of China Government Procurement Law" is the date of entry into force January 1, 2003. 199, according to the openness of the procurement method could be the way government procurement into two categories, namely, non-tender procurement and tendering of the procurement. Tender procurement is higher openness in government procurement methods. 200, by acceptable range of different bidders, tender procurement can be divided into open bidding, selective bidding and restricted bidding. Among them, the open tender procurement and selective bidding is Jing Zheng bidding. 201, according to test, "the rule of law", which is the first to propose the ancient Greeks Pythagoras. 202, in modern Britain, Harrington was the first to address the country's political and legal relationship between the people. 203, the rule of law in France is the most representative of those who are Montesquieu and Rousseau, although they all belong to the Enlightenment thinkers, but the rule of law is not exactly the same. Montesquieu's emphasis on the "law of the spirit." Rousseau Zeyi doctrine of popular sovereignty as the core. 204, rule of law and administration features include a statutory authority, legal reserves, legal priority, according to the law, authority and responsibilities of unity and so on. 205, the executive's statutory authority, there are two forms, one from the Executive Organization Act, mostly in broad language, delineation of the responsibilities of various agencies; second is by a single substantive law provides a specific matter which the jurisdiction of the executive. 206, the general executive and legislative process of planning, drafting, review, the decision to sign the publication and filing. 207, planning is the executive and the legislature of the start step. Generally speaking, legislative plans are divided into two five-year plans and annual plans. 208, consideration of the State Council on the administrative rules and regulations, generally carried out by the State Council executive meeting. 209, considered the adoption of administrative rules and regulations, the subject signed by the executive heads of executive and the legislature. Administrative regulations formulated by the State Council, signed by the Premier; departmental regulations signed by the appropriate department heads; local government regulations by the governor, chairmen of autonomous regions or the mayor to sign. 210, under the "Legislative Act," administrative rules and regulations should be reported within 30 days after publication of the relevant departments for the record. 211, the main administrative regulations formulated by the State Council. 212, "Legislative Law," the main provisions of the formulation of administrative regulations, the procedures are: (1) project and drafting; (2) listen; (3) review of the draft laws and regulations; (4) decisions; (5) released; (6) published. 213, the State Council to exercise legislative oversight of the work of agencies of the State Council Legislative Affairs Bureau, is responsible for its specific rules and regulations of the record review and management, the legislative oversight. 214, a comprehensive review of the principles of administrative review, including review and appropriate review of the legality of two parts. 215,1989 years "Administrative Procedure Law," the announcement marks the Chinese administrative legal system entered a new historical period. 216, ruled that the jurisdiction of the courts have transferred the jurisdiction, the designated authority and jurisdiction of the transfer of three. 217, administrative proceedings, including prosecution and accepted procedures; first instance procedures; second instance; trial supervision procedures; action to suspend the proceedings end with the period, the service and so on. 218, representative executive compensation principle of liability without fault attributable to the principle of Liability Liability Principle and the principle of law. 219, administrative liability of infringement of the main composition elements of a performance of the duties is illegal, the fact that the damage caused by the violation and the damage and causation. 220, executive compensation, including damages against material damage and moral damage. Material damage can be divided into direct damage and indirect damage. 221, covers the basic administrative tools, administrative procedures and technical methods in three aspects. 222, the basic method of administration, including methods of legal policy, administrative and economic methods of instruction methods. 223, administrative procedures can be divided from the transverse processes and procedures for determining program. 224, administrative procedures, administrative program from the vertical can be divided into preparation, the decision to plan, implement plans, inspection and supervision and evaluation and punishments. 225, the basic method of simplification of administrative procedures is to simplify the administrative work. 226, simplify the management of scientists Ingerson theory was put forward in 1933, to today, has become a basic management principles and basic methods. 227, goal management scholar Peter Drucker in the United States 50 years of the 20th century, applied systems theory, cybernetics, information theory and interpersonal theory and proposed a new management approach. 228, based on the characteristics of management by objectives, tasks and results as the center of modern management methods. 229, public organizations and administrative staff work in public administration and investment of resources and effectiveness of the results of the proportional relationship between the called administrative efficiency. 230, the concept of administrative efficiency in the formation and development can be divided into three stages: stage of mechanical efficiency, social efficiency specification stage and the objective of efficiency and effectiveness phase. 231, up from a public organizational level inspection, administrative efficiency can be divided into three levels: organizational effectiveness, management efficiency and effectiveness. 232, of the senior decision-makers were organized by the performance of efficiency, organizational efficiency, also known as decision-making efficiency. 233, middle management in public organizations, the efficiency shown by, for management efficiency. 234, public organizations, the workers demonstrated efficiency, work efficiency, also known as mechanical efficiency. 235, the purpose of efficiency of public administration, public administration, the value is fair.
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