Preface: the fruit of Combination of Chinese and Western ethics ???????????????? Preface: "Ting Chronicle. Preamble" Social Science Report 08/10/28 ????????????Combination of the fruit of Western moral - About Ting Preface As early as 30 years ago, because of the history of the Republic of China engaged in research needs, I have prepared some Republican figures, biographies, among them the Ting. At that time, before the end of the Cultural Revolution (about 1975), as seen in the limited material, I want to go visit some of Ting had direct contact with people, ask them to help provide a little material, or even just a clue of some materials. But the result is I am disappointed. This can not blame those who are visitors, such as Huang Jiqing, high vibration West, they were still in control of the state of being, they dare a government offensive has so much to provide any positive material villain does. I remember, when I write the first draft Ting biography, please then-director of the Institute of Chinese Academy of Geological Institute Mr. Zhang Wenyou Naqu seek advice, give me the answer was actually Mr. Yin Zanxun the most representative sentence: "how to give a biography of such a person Ting it?" After a lapse of 30 years, people Ting view this person has not changed, on Ting's research, has made significant progress. In this case, without any bias, Ting has been realistically study possible. Reading the Song Guangbo this book, we Ting should have a more objective and more comprehensive view. Scientists, science organizations at home, good teachers Ting first and foremost a scientist, but also a great contribution made by scientists. China has modern science and science, first of all to open their side of geology; and China have modern geology and geological cause, by Ting, Hung-chiu, etc. chapter two or three open base established. Ting Hands Geological Survey, and served as director for many years and personally to do in Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi Province, the Yangtze River Delta, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan and Shandong provinces and Mineral Survey. Geological Survey for the cultivation of talent, he Hands Institute of Geology for the Chinese culture is very accomplished a large number of geological scientists. Ting engaged in geological survey and geological research in the process of doing joint paleontology, anthropology, ethnology and other disciplines of study to become a pioneer in these areas. Ting Chong China hand "paleontology Chi" and has served as editor of the magazine, became the first unanimous praise for the world-class scientists, organized by the Chinese scientific journals. ????Ting is a rare cause of an outstanding organizer of science. ????He not only created the geological sciences and geological survey organizations, the organization has played a remarkable role, in fact the language of the historical development of the Institute of Archaeology, the Institute of Biology, Institute of Social Sciences to carry out the creation and work , on the Peking University Department of Geology, National Central University Department of Geology of the improvement and development, the creation of the Central Museum, etc., have given too much attention and support. His home to scientific organizations, Academia Sinica, the Director-General when he was just one year and a half years the most fully manifested. Academia Sinica, the Director- General in his office, and do a lot of work, of which the most significant long-term three things: establish a press council; Organization Foundation Committee; to implement the Institute budget management. Cai was the Academia Sinica president said that the number of work "as the Court does not pull the base stand firm." Hu also said, Ting through this a few things, "to the country's largest scientific research agency, to re-establish a reasonable and lasting basis." Later, the President of Academia Sinica, Zhu Jiahua did the specific meaning of a press council said. He said "Council is set up in Jun (Ting characters in the monarch), Academia Sinica set for a hundred years, Mr.. With the Consultative Council, a Fellow of the meeting only later, with the Academy of Sciences Conference, Institute of systems before formally established. " ????Ting is a particularly good teacher. He returned 24 years old Study Tour, a teacher since the age of 25, after the Institute of Geology, in fact, or play a work of teachers. During this period, he worked part-time teachers in other universities, students say courses like genetics. Still later, they did a few years of Department of Geology, Peking University professor. Visible, Ting life, a considerable portion of time contribute to the cause of education. From now preserved many of the materials to let us know, Ting is a very good teacher, the teacher called a model. ????Li Chi said: "He taught the students received no not completely convinced of." Why? Because of his extreme enthusiasm and the students responsible for teaching is always best to carry out. His students Ko West recalled: "He does not teach already, he not only taught, was exhausted all his strength to teach." Must not use ready-made materials, "he collected common, specialized , whether ancient to modern times, where the relationship between materials, both reference and thoughtful, and then appropriate choice. "Ting himself said:" say one o'clock, three o'clock to prepare for, and sometimes not enough! "shows how he and seriously . His teaching, the teaching is different from ordinary Jiaoshu Jiang. He does not emphasis the dissemination of knowledge, and re-teaching people to gain knowledge of the method. He taught geology extreme attention to training in the field. Institute of Geology of the students often by teachers lead students to the field to practice. Practice location and practice time should be after careful consideration, with careful planning. Ting must also understand the attachment to the situation in advance, before they were prepared to take students, is to ensure that students get practical training internship. ????Ting students and the younger generation to be sincere and enthusiastic, is really unparalleled. Hu said: "For the young students he has had will advise and good performance was full of praise." For example, Department of Geology, National Central University to recruit a professor of geology in America returned the original Huai Cheng. The people have the desire to get rich, a large amount of time and energy to do real estate business, as well as teaching and research were no results. Ting from the time of the Central University of the Luo, where knowledge about the situation, we find the original Huai Cheng, very frankly said to him, you study economics at Harvard geological results very good profession, universities, and countries even need. Unless you are seriously engaged in professional, I would recommend Luo president fired you. Ting is the geology of the mountains figures already sound Ming Hehe, Cheng geology, but a young juniors, by Ding so sincere and candid advice given, how can he not be moved, from focus to the study, issued a two-year articles of a high standard of scientific papers. This is the "rules over" instances. If you talk about "reward good" example, you can not fail to mention Ting favorite and most highly valued student Ya-have. Hu had in mind, and with time he returned to Beijing from Shanghai, see Ting, Ding apart from anything else, we should first introduce him to his favorite student Ya-have, said Cho was "new geology and paleontology out of a genius. " Ding spoke the kind of happy, happy look very impressive. Soon, the talented young geologist actually study in Yunnan, killed when bandits. Ting crying for several days this sad, unintentional act. Later, he launched a friend to Zhao's memorial fund to raise as a reward latecomers, tax collection pensions, to protect the lives of their families and their children's education, parenting Ya-Ting personally have a son to take responsibility. Friendship so students can be described as stories through the ages. Highly administrative skills of the "small brother" Ting and the Chinese most of the scholars, scientists difference is that he very administrative skills. This can probably comes from his usual manner for the "official" enthusiastic. That's "official" is refers to something friends, groups, things, things in society, the country. Early study in Japan and Europe to study the process, he has fully demonstrated ability to act. After returning, but in particular to its enthusiastic official act quickly to get their peers "small brother" in the world. Ting administrative skills, he founded Geological Survey, Institute of Geology, Peking University and National Central University to help improve the geology, mine manager, North votes, and served as the Director-General, Academia Sinica process, that had already been fully aware to. However, his best performance of the administrative order, or he was Shanghai General's Office. However, as Shanghai General's Office regarding Ting, who quite criticism. Then the KMT and the Communist Party are against the warlords, and Ting, Shanghai General's Office is appointed by the warlord Sun Chuanfang. Sun Chuanfang crusade against the National Revolutionary Army "reactionary warlords", one of Ting nature should be regarded as "reactionaries," a member of the "counter- revolutionary." This is prevalent in the past era of revolutionary thinking is self-evident. Fu who was studying in Europe that Ting is on the counter, and said he must return home to kill Ting. However, soon after returning home, but with the Ting Fu became good friends. When the Minister of Railways Sun For, the shall ask a geologist for the Geological Survey of Sichuan-Canton Railway done, he recommended people to Ting. Sun surprised to say, how can appointment of counter- revolutionary! When Ting completed a survey mission, Sun no longer as a counter-revolutionary phase. And later the National Government had also at one time would like to take over the Ministry of Railways Ting long. So, Ting served as General in Shanghai to do in the end his term of office, done anything at all? According to numerous reports and records at the time, he mainly does three things: First, to recover Shanghai Mixed Court shrine; second is the establishment of Shanghai Health Bureau; Third Shanghai full size drawing, planning road traffic, organize taxes, the establishment of examination system and other personnel to establish modern municipal basis. Ting as a scientist and very interested in politics, political discussion, (such as the hottest carefully co-founded, "Weekly Review" and "Independent Review", and because they are the most enthusiastic contributors), and sometimes even directly participate in the political (as president of the Shanghai General Office), which is by no means that he has a special political ambitions. His enthusiasm interference in domestic affairs, is entirely based on a strong conviction: political does not improve, progress and development of all undertakings are rare. Ting is a radical reformer, is a doctrine full of righteous, he is ready to strive to do things, so lazy that he hated the most opposed to pessimism. He said that such people like him, "is the Peace and Prosperity of the energy minister, in troubled times of the do-nothing." Seriously speaking, Ting finds itself is chaotic, or at best is a chaos of the world staggered. However, that is, being in such a world situation, Ting is still a promising. He founded the Geological Survey, Geological Institute, to become a world-renowned first-class scientific research institutions; him to hold the North votes coal, making sustained profitability and steady development of new mines; he served as General in Shanghai can not do for one year to do a few big things, for the Shanghai lay the foundation for modern municipal management; he served as Director-General of the Academia Sinica, year and a half, it was this country's most important scientific research institutions to establish a solid foundation for long-term development. This personal experience, further strengthened his belief: if they work hard, you can always promising. It is precisely because he stressed "the responsibility of the minority." He had specifically discuss this issue, from the historical, social and political explanation of its reasons. Fu Ting's article in the mourning then said, Ting view, "only strider Mian service to all his ability to do the best, and then you can have a clear conscience." Ting to their friends, said he felt confident in the two areas is: first, there is a sense of responsibility. Second, the public and private well. This is the most impressive places Ting. Fu said: "He had never been on car free of charge, from never to use the cost of public for private use, never once got a text from the dry salary." He not only did not account for public interests, when necessary, he will have to sacrifice personal interests to the interests of Shing Chuen public or others. One thing is very impressive. 1919, Ting's brother Ding Wenyuan to study in Europe. Some people know that their tuition fees thanks to his brother Ting hard support, Wenyuan wrote to him to persuade brother to use his brother's social relations win for themselves a study in Jiangsu Province, official fees. Wenyuan then mean by a friend wrote to brother and asked him to. However, Ting's letter said, according to your qualifications, your dedication to study and aptitude as well as our home state of the economy, of course you are eligible to apply for official fees. ... ... However, you should know, in the States than you are smart, but also hard, but also the children of the poor, it is a lot. They are not like you have a brother, to back them as the tuition fees. They must think further study is only one way for government fees. An extra amount of official fees empty, you can create a more promising youth. They requested that government fees, is indeed a need, and you do. You should consider some thin, is not want relations with your staff to occupy such a space official fee amount? I advise you do not have to worry for this. Since I assume you recognize the tuition fees, how to save funds, are my own business, you should only peace of mind to study hard on the line! This is what a noble mind! In 1934, Ting took over as Director-General of the Academia Sinica. At that time, strength is not strong, limited funds. Ding took office, the Director-General announced the abolition of the Department of General Affairs under the Office savings to increase funding for research institutes. Also in that year, I heard that the Office of Education in Yunnan Province to do so, please Meng Xianmin investigation, Ting night before his survey in Yunnan, sort out relevant information, such as reference to the Mengxian Min. Can be seen, he colleagues, on the public good, is how selfless. As selfless, he family, friends, to all the countries he considers useful to society, he had to give all possible care and assistance. In these respects, he can be said of a Combination of Chinese and Western ethics the fruit. Worth reading, "Ting Chronicle" Song Guangbo This was the "Ting Chronicle," provides us with a very detailed preparation of material, so that we can Ting a comprehensive and in-depth understanding. His wide range of sources, including the Government Gazette, public and private archives, newspapers, periodicals, Ding and his family, friends, letters, related to the writings, diaries, memoirs, interviews were recorded, and so on. Can be seen in the collection of materials has made a big effort so far seen in the writings of the Ting, not comparable to none. For quite some time, the Ting would like to understand, some of the people, can not but refer to this book. In full possession of material, based on the facts completely restore the history, restore the original appearance of the characters, with no subjective bias, without subjective comments. Lord of the spectrum has always been controversial, different records, different says, are to co- exist. For example, Ting-General in Shanghai to do any of the activities of the period, spectra at various public comment on income, but also comment on the KMT and the Communist Party together with income. This is the Chronicle's editorial style can be considered complete. The book includes "spectrum before", the "spectrum" and "after the spectrum" in three parts. In the "spectrum before" section, quite detailed account of the Ting was born before the modern Western science, especially geology-related science in China was the introduction and initial spread of the case. So, people can more clearly understand that China Ting create such historical significance of geological sciences. "Spectrum," so there is no general chronology of this part, but such a great impact and Ting many controversial figures, they seem necessary. We read the book "Spectrum after" part, can really contribute to further understanding of the history of Ting and he should occupy in history. In the "spectrum", which is part of the body, in each year, a brief account of major events that year, and introduced with the spectrum of the main personal and business related to the birth and death. All the important activities of the main spectrum, related note, the then or later the person's comments and recollections. Chronicle is "to do on line", age is the central clue. However, the Chronicle noted in the narrative in quite the sum of an important historical association, which is the author of "compilation that" the call "chronological events and circumstances leading to the two bodies with Notepad." Particularly noteworthy, the book is the book a number of species in Appendix "index", such as "Names Index," "Title Index", "quoted the title index", "reference book author index", "newspapers quoted the index," "Reference File Index", etc., greatly facilitate the reader's search. This is a serious one worthy of the readers reading. (Abridged: Wu Wei-min) ??????????????
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