Ministry of Finance in 2009 Receipt No. ????January 7, 2009, I were to The People's Republic of China Ministry of Finance and National Development and Reform Commission presented the "information disclosure", recently I have received the Ministry of Finance 2009 (years) No. 1 - Receipt of total s 16 "Government Information Disclosure Statement", Development and Reform Commission is not informed by telephone in the law to reply within 15 working days, to be postponed. ????To the Ministry of Finance, Development and Reform Commission, "information disclosure" and the Ministry of Finance, "Government Information Disclosure Statement" reads as follows: ? Government Information Application (To the Ministry of Finance) ? Applicant: Yan Yiming Contact Address: 12th Floor, 1033 Zhaojiabang Block B Tel :021-51087770 Post Code: 200030 For open issues: 1. The National People's Congress two weeks before the convening of a detailed list of the Ministry of Finance website announced 2008 revenue, expenditures and explanatory statement (other than involving state secrets); 2. In the National People's Congress two weeks before the convening of a detailed list of the Ministry of Finance Web site open in 2009 revenue, expenditure budget and the text description (other than those involving state secrets). Facts and reasons: ????Report of the Seventeenth Party Congress pointed out that the government authority in the sunshine. How to protect the government authority in the sunshine? The so-called power in the sunshine, is that the Government should, under the supervision of the masses to exercise powers and perform their duties. The most important and most fundamental step is to always keep the people supervise the government. ????China's Constitution, the 57th, the sixth 12 of the National People's Congress to determine the highest position of authority, confirmed the law of the country's political, economic, cultural and diplomatic power to decide important matters, confirmed its state administrative organs of the Authority. "The People's Republic of China Constitution," the 62nd stipulates National People's Congress to exercise "review and approve the state budget and the implementation of the" terms of reference. In socialist society, citizens will be part of their rights and transferring money to and countries, on how to use public power, especially how Zhichu government finances, the need for a highly transparent system to protect the citizens, as taxpayers right to information and supervision, "Information Disclosure Regulations," the implementation of laws to protect citizens from the right to know and supervise implementation. I. Current Situation of China's financial information disclosure ?????At present, China's financial information is still in "the principle of non-public, open for the exceptional" status, so that became the state budget and implementation of the secrets made public disclosure of state secrets is equivalent to the general public can access through open channels of the national budget and report on the implementation. Meanwhile, China produced more rough budget, budgeting, the contents of the irrational, the subjects are too general, resulting in the passage of the NPC for deliberation "outsiders do not understand, experts are not clear." Budget and performance reports only in the People's Congress deputies submitted during the meeting, NPC deputies, no time to look at hundreds of pages thick budget reports, let alone study and discuss the constraints of public financial budget of the regulatory and fine, limiting the financial decision-making more scientific. ????In fact, there is no list, the subject in general terms, Bianzhi rough budget and performance reports, simply can not provide deputies Xingshijuece and Jiandu right that there is adequate information, Zaocheng Rentaidaibiao Nan Yi Cai Zheng balance overall control of all the circumstances, more difficult to achieve NPC review, approval and implementation of the right budget. Second, financial information disclosure on the significance of the government building the sun ????Information disclosure is a decision-making democratic and scientific foundation, is to establish the fundamental Sunshine Government. President Hu Jintao said that the current government to clean and serve the people. To this end, we must deepen the reform of the budget system, strengthening budget management and Jian Du, Tuijinjuece scientific and democratic decision-making Í¸Ã÷¶È Zengqiang expand public participation, the development interests of the people and the laws and regulations related to public policy Shang Gong Kai views. ????May 1, 2008, "Government Information Openness" is the promulgation and implementation of construction of 17 large established an important step in the government sunshine. Implement the slogan of Jian Li sunlight Government Reform of the budget Zhidugaige, strengthen fiscal budget management commitment, Bu Jin Yao Yi Kao government gradually improve, refine the budget management system, Hai Yao People's Congress make decisions to ensure that the review of substantive approval , but also to ensure extensive public participation. Protection of the public have the right to know the Government's financial information so that the public wishes to convey to the financial sector and legislative bodies, government revenue and expenditure rose to mention the arrangements, specifically the draft budget for the departments, the legislature, the specialized agencies, together with relevant real to discussions of the amendment and the legislature approved the budget, making it a legal effect of the implementation file. ????Although the "open government provisions of the Ministry of Finance," referred to in Article VI: "The National People's Congress examined and adopted the report of the budget and final accounts reports should take the initiative to government information management and clients and the community to the public." However, the applicant is required Ministry of detailed disclosure of the text with your description of the 2008 fiscal year actual income, expenditures and fiscal 2009 revenue, expenditure budget details. First of all, after consideration of information by the National People's Congress open, means that the public and the deputies in the National People's Congress held before the national financial budget and final accounts can not tell situation. This resulted in the state of public finances can not express the will of the requests of the public will not be effective to convey to the NPC. Second, the financial budget and final accounts before the meeting the report of the NPC does not advance the public, deputies at the meeting for consideration, not enough time to investigate, of its decision-making is a scientific reality, if feasible. Again, the public text description with the actual fiscal 2008 revenue, expenditure and revenue in 2009, spending budget details are not "open government provisions of the Ministry of Finance," mentioned in the budget report and accounts of the report, it is not a National People's Congress passed to public information. ????With the popularity of broadband in China and the rapid development of information disclosure is the best platform for all levels of government websites. On the one hand, ÔÚ National People's Congres on the website two weeks before the convening of public listing on the State's fiscal accounts and the budget report, the National People's Congress on behalf of Xingshijuece and Jian Duquan important. Advance the public need to review and approve the list of national financial accounts and budget implementation, Youzhu Yu Shi Jian NPC deputies have sufficient reading, discussion, analysis of relevant reports, targeted advisory professionals Cai Wu who, Yipian better De opinions and suggestions, on the substantive supervision of public finances; on the other hand, the public through government websites can easily access relevant government information, reports about the state financial budget and final accounts, the right to know the basis of the exercise of oversight of public finances, the same time, supervision deputies to better perform the examination and approval of the duties. ????Government information, both top-down reforms need courage also requires bottom-up civic consciousness, the right of every citizen awareness, increase awareness of the law and put into practice, can greatly enhance the Government's disclosure, to realize the party's 17 largest raised in the report "puts the power in the sunshine." Information to the greatest possible openness, transparency of information, is the real state of the financial sun, the sun state government, so that people know where the money came from in the end, where to go. Public disclosure under the premise can the Government's budget and comment on the implementation, criticisms, questions, Jian Yi before it can truly participate in democratic management and democratic supervision in order to promote the government's procedures for financial Xing Wei, standardization, rule of law. ????January 5, 2009 in the National Financial Work Conference, Finance Minister Xie noted in the report: China's fiscal revenue expected in 2008 more than 6 trillion yuan. Meanwhile, the central government increases spending, the central fiscal expenditure on education 158.18 billion yuan, "three rural" spending 595.55 billion yuan, 83.36 billion yuan health care spending, social security and employment, spending 276.16 billion yuan. Central government revenue in 2008 composed of six trillion yuan, how? Central government expenditure in 2008 the specific situation? Fiscal 2009, state revenue, expenditure budget situation? Budget and the implementation of the vital interests of the people involved, "Government information open regulations" should take the initiative under Article IX of the scope of open government information. To protect the citizens right to know the budget, participation, expression rights, and supervision, promote legal financial management, democratic management, and promote socialist political civilization and a harmonious society, the request shall take the initiative in your Bu Gong Kai. Sincerely, ??????????????????????????The People's Republic of China Ministry of Finance ? ? ? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Applicant : ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(Yan Yiming) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Second, eight years on January 7 OO ? Government Information Application letter (NDRC) ? Applicant: Yan Yiming Contact Address: 12th Floor, 1033 Zhaojiabang Block B Tel :021-51087770 Post Code: 200030 For open issues: 1. The list of open Nov. 5, 2008 Development and Reform Commission has been submitted for approval to the application list and project list of provinces and cities (except those involving state secrets); 2. The list of open 4 trillion yuan and the current sources of funding has been approved by the specific investment project name, select the reason of construction projects, investment projects, the amount of budgetary funds (except those involving state secrets); 3. Continuous, real-time list, the main responsibility for public investment projects and their use of project funds, bidding the supervision measures and supervision of name (except those involving state secrets); Facts and reasons: ????November 5, 2008 Premier Wen Jiabao chaired a State Council meeting, the meeting identified the protection of housing projects to speed up construction, speed up rural infrastructure construction, improve urban and rural income and further expansion of domestic demand, the 10 measures to promote economic growth. According to preliminary calculations, the end of 2010 about a total investment of 4 billion. 4 trillion yuan for a large investment, the context of the financial crisis put an investment program in China to expand domestic demand, stimulate the economy and maintain economic growth of far-reaching significance. First, monitoring the use of funds related to the success or failure ????After the news report, it immediately became front page news in major media sites, since the functions of government departments, local government, to the experts, scholars and ordinary people, are all hot, "4000000000000." Under the National Development and Reform Investment Commission ("NDRC"), a time of crowds, from the provincial and municipal government departments and enterprises at all levels of the national project "run by the Department," the threshold is almost worn out the Development and Reform Commission, hope from the first slice. Development and Reform Commission hotels all around the hotel was full, and even lived around the alley in the basement are also running the project provinces and cities to visitors of the "grand", so that the public can not help but have raised many questions: How does this 4 trillion yuan of funds constituted? Specific investment projects in which? Which one of these projects approved institutions, organizations and prove the design? The project budget preparation and implementation of procedures to what? Why cast construction of these projects, the need for that? Huge amounts of money how to regulate the national economy and investment will not become official pocketed some great opportunities? If you can not effectively prevent these problems from occurring, the economic stimulus will certainly improve the livelihood of the people subject to its lopsided, with the decline in economic growth highlighted the social conflicts may be difficult to be eased within the system. ????4 trillion yuan of investment plans, both the government's public sector investment projects, while using the taxpayer's money, about China's economic trends, concerns the welfare of the people. 4 trillion yuan of national investment, coupled with its drive for social investment, total investment up to a dozen or even tens of trillions of trillions. Resolution in accordance with the State Council, 4 trillion yuan investment, mainly in the livelihood projects, infrastructure construction, ecological environment and post-disaster reconstruction, much of which is to protect the nature of housing projects, agriculture, infrastructure, education, culture, investment, public facilities, the state key projects projects that most need government procurement involving government departments, government officials, a lot. The possibility of establishing anti-corruption program of the 4 trillion yuan investment is very important to protect the investment programs and projects the key to success. Second, information disclosure is an effective weapon against corruption is a necessary requirement for effective supervision ????97 Asian financial crisis, the Government determined to increase the scale of investment, large-scale infrastructure investment plans. The decision-making in China from the financial crisis, contributed. However, as interest driven, government investment projects implementation process large corruption cases, especially mass corruption, so that "projects, the cadres and dismount," "Every one kilometer highway repair, there is a high-ranking officials dismount" the rule . The investments are in place to ensure and to avoid corruption, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Supervision Ministry to set up a cross-Inspectors Group, the presence of inspectors in each province to monitor the use of use of 4 trillion yuan of funds and direction, supervision control project discretion of local governments and officials. Government oversight is an important aspect, but in the government-led investment, the government is both the policy makers is the dual role of supervisor, destined to the limitations of internal oversight. Thus, Yao Wen Ti against corruption, to 4 trillion yuan investment in the real Da Dao sustain economic growth, maintain social stability Mudi, Yin Jin external monitoring ¹«¿ª transparent basis in the public's Guangfanjiandu Jie Shou Gen Ben is the most effective way. ????Development and Reform Commission has since early November 2008, the site gradually open the project approval and the approval of the relevant information. However, the contents of the public approval of the approved project is limited to the name of the relevant project application report, feasibility study report and other details were not open. "National Development and Reform Commission, Interim Measures on Government Information," Article VII of its review of fixed asset investment projects (including project proposal, feasibility study, project application report) ratification should take the initiative to open to the public. Currently, the openness of Development and Reform Commission does not meet the requirements of the approach. ????Government Information is to play the role of external oversight of public premises, "Sunshine is the best antiseptic." Government information is the state administrative organs as well as laws and regulations authorized or commissioned by the organization, in the exercise of state administrative power of the process, through legal forms and procedures, take the initiative to government information to the public or by application to a particular individual or organization, open system. Will and administrative acts, or is the government agency in terms of access to a public resource properties, without concealment, all open, help to avoid rent-seeking, set rent situation, and help increase public participation in administrative action and supervision of administrative power, is of great significance corrosion. ????Report of the Seventeenth Party Congress put forward "to power in the sunshine," "protect the people's right to information, participation, expression, and to oversee." Government information is actually the process of realization of the right to know the process, through increase citizen participation in administrative acts of the degree, enhance the supervision of administrative power, the government's actions and judgments Jieshougongmin supervision to reduce corruption in the Fa Sheng. 4 trillion yuan investment projects, investment decisions, whether macro or micro-project management requires greater transparency so that the general public to participate. Government departments should take the initiative to open four trillion yuan investment project consideration, approval, implementation, change, accounts, evaluation and so the whole process of using public funds budget, project selection, tendering process, so that 4 trillion of investment plans put under the constraint of law and regulations, placed under the supervision of the public. ????4 trillion yuan of each payment approval by the Development and Reform Commission allocated funds, the vital interests of the people involved, the applicant in accordance with "Regulations on Open Government Information," Article IX and the relevant provisions of the Development and Reform Commission shall take the initiative to request the public. ? Sincerely, ? ????The People's Republic of China National Development and Reform Commission ? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Applican t: ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(Y an Yiming) ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Second, eight years on January 7 OO ? Ministry of Finance, "Government Information Disclosure Statement" ????????? ? ?