What was the Philippines Education System during the Pre-colonial Times? by margauxmarie

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									        The system of education in the Philippines during the pre-colonial times was highly related to and

influenced by the kind of economic situation. The type of society before Spanish colonization was Primitive

Communal and shifting to Asiatic Stratification. And during the medieval times in the Philippines, Christianity has

become the cornerstone of all social institution including education.

        Thou as a disclaimer, we have to remember that in our own time, our current society is so complex that

we may find it difficult to get a grasp of the true nature of the entire Philippine Educational Process and of its

relation to the Philippine social life as a whole.


        I did some research so I could learn the history of education in intense understanding. There are many

books in the Internet giving out their own perspectives on different things. And, I saw this book entitled HISTORY

OF EDUCATION by Paul Monroe, Ph.D.. this book help me realize on what i think are The major contributions of

Ancient Civilizations to the development of Philippine Education System: Practical Education from the Primitive

People, Recapitulation of the Orientals, and, Practical Education from the Romans.

        The training in the process of gathering or obtaining food, clothing and shelter which as said to be

obligations of every individual in the primitive society which constitute "Practical Education". Although seldom, if

ever, a conscious process of training needed to perform the tasks well on the part of the society. Initially on

Practical Education, the necessary knowledge is obtained by the child through imitation in an unconscious

manner. Usually the tribes surrounding the child play imitations of the things or activities of the usual adult

usually by entertainment (song, dance, role play) or games. Like for instance boys shoot at a mark with their bow

and girls make utensils of clay and play at the preparation of food. The second stage of training through imitation

is a conscious one. Both the boy and the girl assist in the activities of the adults, and must learn by imitation

because the work is demanded of them. This demand on the part of the adult is not basically for the sake of

training the child but for the end results of the work. Scientific observers have found out that the two forms of

Discussion Questions 1 & 2
Panlilio, Margaux Marie D. (CTP)
imitation mentioned above are the basic reason why tribes and families form the primitive ages survived for

many years. And one of the purpose of education is for practical reasons and that is to survive, moreover,

evolution of man doing things to survive has greatly impact the Education system of not just the Philippines but

also the world.

        Oriental systems of education differ much in detail, while the Chinese system is more complex and

elaborate than those of other Asian people, yet its main feature is the same to them all. As with the Chinese, so

with the Hindu, the Egyptian, Japanese and Hebrew, the education centered in the knowledge of the

"Language". Literature is the center of the formal education of the Orientals. The literary class is the ruling class

(usually this is the priesthood of the dominant class in the society). In all instances the masters of this literature

are steeped in the knowledge of the past and are especially interested in preserving traditional ways of action.

These civilizations' education yet consist in being told "What to do" and "How to do it". The oriental type of

education aims simply to "recapitulate" the past shown thru literatures, to sum up in the individual the life of the

past, in order that he may not act differently form it. It also aims to create habits of thinking and reasoning

identical with those of the past without modifying it or adjusting it to unique individual conditions. Basically,

oriental education contributed on the rule implementations, examinations, and mastery of the subject in

education. All in all, Oriental education was an attempt to reproduce and preserve the past by suppression of

individuality, and formation of stratification in the basis of who knows the literature well and who knows what was

in the past. During the pre-colonial era, the educators were the Babaylan and the Katalonan. They were both

looked up on by the society because they possessed the knowledge on spirituality formed by their ancestors and

system of governing passed on by the elders to their own society. Hence, the type of education that was taught

to the people was based on old beliefs and traditions pass through many generations.

        The Roman contribution to civilization was the "practical one" of institutions as means for realizing ideals

or social purposes. They have shown the best illustration of practical education and their ideals were wholly

moral ones, that is, relating to practical conduct. The "home" was the chief educational institution and was the

chief instrument for the formation of character. In the Ancient Roman times, The moral importance of the home

Discussion Questions 1 & 2
Panlilio, Margaux Marie D. (CTP)
as well as its legal and social importance, was emphasized. And the home was then the focus of Practical

Education, where life in terms of personal virtue is the idealistic formulation of life built by home; life in terms of

duty is the moral conception of life as formulated by the practical men and women (father, mother, brother, sister)

at home. The Roman's practical education or Education learned at home is well adopted by the Filipinos from the

Romans not only in terms of the education system, but in terms of Filipino Culture and Filipinos Identity.

MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION (11th to the 15th century)

Christianity, Education As Discipline – Monasticism and Scholasticism

        Ever since the Philippines was discovered by the Spaniards during the medieval time and was colonized

for more than 300 years, the type of education brought by them was rooted on the ideology of Christianity. The

Religious Orders were the ones who established schools, colleges, and seminaries in the Philippines. The

priests acted as educators during that time. Education became the powerful tool in the propagation of

Catholicism. Most of the established schools adhere to the teachings of Catholic religion.

        In general, The dominant influence during the middle ages was the Christian religion. Christianity offered

a solution to vast social problems, in the principle of Christian love and charity, which then harmonized all the

society's individual and social factors. Education became dominantly moral and hence it became a discipline or a

preparatory training (Monasticism). Monasticism promoted the organization of schools. When monastic orders

became distinctly for education purpose only, interest in theological questions and logic and philosophy were

revived to support religion - Scholasticism was the result; because of these ideals Universities sprang up in great

numbers and fostered the intellectual life (Founding of the University System).

        Nowadays you can clearly see the impact of the Medieval Era to the Philippine's education set-up and

also the world's. Christianity is the major religion in the world comprising 60% of the world's current population.

Discussion Questions 1 & 2
Panlilio, Margaux Marie D. (CTP)
You will see Christian schools, aim to teach intellectual and social disciplines among its students.      And

Universities spread all across the country – University System. These things I have enumerated are not just

visible in the Philippines but everywhere in the world, which will make us think that our education system was

heavily formed and heavily impacted by Christianity the religion that marked the Medieval Era.

Discussion Questions 1 & 2
Panlilio, Margaux Marie D. (CTP)

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