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Republic of Malawi - PROTECTED A

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					                              Protected Areas and Corridors
                                            of
                                  The Republic of Malawi


CONTRIBUTORS: Please consult “Detailed Instructions for Country Chapters”. This will ensure uniformity
of country information.


Contributors (in alphabetical order)

Abstract (100 words)
Sixty-nine endemic plant species and an estimated 1000 endemic fish species have been described in Malawi but
outside protected areas, the pressure from expansion of agriculture production and unsustainable harvesting
have already resulted in the extinction of many species, and loss of habitats. The continued adoption of foreign
and improved crop varieties and livestock breeds are inevitably pushing local land races into extinction.

Introduction (300 words – base on Table 1)
[Emphasize the success stories]

Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964.

The Great Rift Valley
The whole country of Malawi is influenced by the Great Rift Valley. Most of the land west of Lake Malawi is above
1000m while the Malawi Plateau in the north of the country is above 2000m.

Table 1. Characteristics of the country and the Rift Valley Region that relate to Protected Areas (adapted in part
from CIA – The World Factbook – http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/mi.html)
  Characteristic               Country                                            Rift Valley Region (100 x 1000)
  Land, water, & total area    94,080, 24,400, & 118,480km²
  Natural landscape forces     N/A
  Longest river                Shire
  Largest lake                 Nyasa
  Marine coastline             0km
  Max. & min. elevation        3,002m (Sapitwa - Mount Mlanje), 37m (junction
                               of the Shire River and international boundary
                               with Mozambique)
  Human population             13million
  Languages                    57% Chichewa (official), 13% Chinyanja, 10%
                               Chiyao
  Religion                     80% Christian, 13% Muslim
  Arable land                  21%, 560km² irrigated
  Commercial agr. products     Tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn
  Dominant industries          Tobacco, tea, sugar, and forest products
  Environmental concerns       Deforestation, land degradation, water pollution
                               endangers fish
Unique Features of Protected Areas (500 words)
Special habitats – e.g. Lake Malawi
Special mammal populations – hippo, crocodile, elephant, kudu

Time-line of Protected Area Events (200 words – base on Table 2)
[These dates are critical successes and failures that the reader needs to remember in order to understand how the
protected areas system evolved to today]

The historical events given in Table 2 are important dates that strongly influenced establishment and
management of the protected areas. …………..


Table 2. Key dates in conservation and management of protected areas in Malawi.
         Date          Event and significance


                       First protected areas


                       Signed International Convention on Biodiversity


                       Signed CITES
Characteristics and Degree of Protection in Malawi
(500 words – base on Table 3)


Table 3. Type, number, area, and special features of the protected areas in Malawi (adapted from
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/wdpa, http://www.cites.org, http://earthtrends.wri.org/, and
http://www.iucnredlist.org/ because the international community has access to these lists).



    Name                                  #    Total Area (km²)   Special features

    National Designations

   Conservation Area                      1

   Forest Reserve                       209

   National Park                          5

   Wildlife Reserve                       4

    International Conventions and Programmes

   Wetlands of International
                                          1
   Importance (Ramsar)

   World Heritage Convention              1

   UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve           1

    Other Sites

   Cloud Forest Region                    3

   Cloud Forest Site                      3
Spatial Configuration and Potential for Linking Protected Areas to the Rift Valley
(500 words plus map)

Protected areas linkages within the country
Dimensions
Within Malawi: As seen in Figure x, there are few air, water, and land linkages among national parks…………
Obstacles



Solutions



Protected areas with international linkages
Dimensions



Obstacles



Solutions



Protected areas linkages to the Great Rift Valley
Dimensions



Obstacles



Solutions
                           Figure 1. The location of the Protected Areas in Malawi.




Research and Management Issues (include high profile issues – 2500 words)


Acknowledgements (30 words)


Literature Cited
Chapman, J.D. & F. White. 1970. The evergreen forests of Malawi. Commonwealth Forestry Institute, University of
    Oxford, Oxford. 190pp. plus photos.
Munthali, S.M. 1997. Dwindling food-fish species and fishers'' preference: problems of conserving Lake Malawi''s
    biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 6: 253-261.
Sweeney, R.C.H. (1959). A checklist of the mammals of Nyasaland. Nyasaland Society, Malawi.
Kalowekamo, F. 2000. Crocodile and hippopotamus management in the Lower Shire. Document 38, Compass.
    USAID Contract. 31pp.

				
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