Present and Future Program for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology by dustindiamond

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									    Present and Future Program for
  Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology

                            R. Blandford
                          KIPAC Director,
                     PPA Assistant Director for
               Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology



July 7, 2008           SLAC Annual Program Review    Page 1
                           [KI]PAC: Overview
* Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (2003)
* Particle Phys.+Astro; DOE+NASA, NSF…; SLAC+Campus…
* Computation, Experiment, Observation, Theory
    – KIPAC Strategic Plan April 2008
* PAC: (~$19M/81FTE + ~$2M/10FTE DPS. cf ~$101M/352FTE, PPA):
    – GLAST (~$4+6M/14+29FTE), LSST (~$3M/9FTE), SNAP(~$1M/4FTE)
    – Physics/Theory/Other (~$5M/25FTE)
* Partnership
    –   Campus: Research, salaries, buildings
    –   Agencies: NASA, NSF… on projects, grants…
    –   Fred Kavli (Foundation) $7.5M FKB
    –   Kavli-Hewlett +… Endowment ->$20M over 10 years
* Scientifically productive
    – 260 published papers in 2007 by KIPAC members on KIPAC topics
    – ~160 on DOE-related topics
    – Several high impact - citations, press releases etc
            July 7, 2008       SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 2
                       Overview of Financial Data – FY2008

                   FY 2008 FTE by Job Category                                            FY 2008 Total M$ by Program
                         KIPAC Division                                                         KIPAC Division
                             Other, 1.7
            Administrative                                                                Allocation of
                                                                                                             GLAST ISOC,
             / Technician,                    Permanent                                   PPA DPS, 2.2
                                                                                                                 3.7
                  10.0                        PhD, 22.9                                SNAP, 1.2



                                                                                   LSST, 3.2


              Engineer /                         Temporary                                                           GLAST
              Computing                           PhD, 11.6                        Non Accel                       Science, 6.0
             Professional,                                                         Science, 2.1
                 34.9
                                            Graduate                                     KIPAC Theory,
                                          Students, 9.5                                      3.0



Total FTE: 83.3                                                        Total M$ of KIPAC: 19.2




                     July 7, 2008                         SLAC Annual Program Review                      Page 3
              Overview of Financial Data 2007-2010

           FY 2007-2010 Total M$ by Cost Type                                           FY 2007-2010 Total M$ by Program
                    KIPAC Division                                                               KIPAC Division

    30.0                                                                   30.0

    25.0                                                                   25.0

    20.0                                                                   20.0
(




                                                                       (
M                                                                      M
  15.0                                                                   15.0
$                                                                      $
)




                                                                       )
    10.0                                                                   10.0

     5.0                                                                    5.0

    -                                                                      -
           FY07           FY08          FY09              FY10                          FY07            FY08            FY09           FY10

                                                                               GLAST ISOC              GLAST Science           KIPAC Theory
                  Labor   M &S   Allocation of PPA DPS                         Non Accel Science       LSST                    SNAP
                                                                               Allocation of PPA DPS




              July 7, 2008                               SLAC Annual Program Review                            Page 4
                              Non-DOE Support
* Non-SLAC, DOE support to KIPAC members (CDMS, EXO) - ~$2.5M
* Non-SLAC, non-DOE support to KIPAC members
   –   SDO, GLAST, LIGO, EXO… - ~$40M (2007)
   –   NeXT, IRIS in recent SMEX (NASA)
   –   Grants - ~$3M
   –   ~11/20 postdocs, ~16/30 students
* Campus support
   – Half teaching faculty salary, ~1 postdoc, ~8/30 student GTA, administration
   – Start up, Enterprise fund, Bridging
* Private support
   – FKB ($11M), PAB (~$30M), Schwob (~$1M)
   – Kavli-Hewlett endowment (->$15-20M over 10 years)
        • First two Kavli Fellows advertised this summer
   – Simonyi ($20M), Gates ($10M), Schmidt ($1.5M), Keck($1.5M) for LSST
   – Agilent support of CMB research
   – Computational hardware (multiple)

            July 7, 2008           SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 5
                         P5 Report to HEPAP
* Cosmic Frontier Recommendations
   – Support for the study of dark matter and dark
     energy as an integral part of the US particle
     physics program.
   – DOE support the space-based Joint Dark Energy
     Mission, in collaboration with NASA, at an
     appropriate level negotiated with NASA.
   – DOE support for the ground-based Large Synoptic
     Survey Telescope program in coordination with
     NSF at a level that depends on the overall
     program budget.
   – Joint NSF and DOE support for direct dark matter
     search experiments.
   – Limited R&D funding for other particle
     astrophysics projects and recommends
     establishing a Particle Astrophysics Science
     Advisory Group.


          July 7, 2008        SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 6
                      Non-Accelerator Program

*   GLAST
*   LSST
*   SNAP
*   GLAST Physics
*   Non-Accelerator Physics
*   R&D


                                          QuickTime™ and a
                                            decompressor
                                    are neede d to see this picture.




       July 7, 2008        SLAC Annual Program Review                  Page 7
                            GLAST: Overview

* GeV Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope                              Simulated
   –   Successor to EGRET telescope on CGRO                             LAT (>1
                                                                        GeV, 1 yr)
   -   ~109 photons from ~104 high energy cosmic sources over ~10 yr.
   -   Seek dark matter annihilation signal
   –   Stanford leads Large Area Telescope - major instrument
   –   Original design by Atwood (1993)
   –   Successful inter-agency, international collaboration
   –   Project cost $690M [$90M foreign contribution, $45M DOE]
   –   NASA will contribute $25M MO&DA
* June 11 launch; uniformly nominal performance
   –   “Nominal” operation so far
   –   Efficient cosmic ray (104/) removal
   –   Observing already
   –   First light release Early August
* Instrument Science Operations Center (ISOC) @ SLAC
   – ~$4M/14 FTE
           July 7, 2008         SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 8
                                LSST: Overview

* Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (orig. DMT 1995)
* Dark matter/energy using weak gravitational lensing
    – Test of FCDM is now an issue of physics
    – Supernovae, BAO, strong lensing, ancillary science
* NSF-DOE-Private Collaboration
    – SLAC $3M/9FTE                                                          QuickTime™ and a
                                                                               decompressor
                                                                       are neede d to see this picture.




    – Simonyi-Gates $30M, Schmidt $1.5M, Keck $1.5M
* Mirror cast; grinding begins in August
    – Site selection in Chile
* SLAC leads the (3 GPx) camera collaboration;16 institutions
* SLAC also working on database (~100PB)
    – Discussions with ASCR, industry, private
* NSF CoDR(2007); NSF PDR + DOE CD1 2009?, ASTRO2010
* First light 2016


            July 7, 2008         SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 9
                      SNAP: Overview

* Proposed following discovery of acceleration of universe
  ten years ago
* LBL (Perlmutter et al) is lead institution
   – SLAC an early collaborator
* Originally a SuperNova Acceleration Probe; now a
  broader suite of ways to measure dark energy
* SLAC role
   – Electronics (Haller - core competency in space electronics)
   – Star Guider/image sensor (Roodman)
   – Strong Gravitational Lensing (RB et al)
* Awaiting JDEM downselect (2009), 2017 launch
* DOE ~$1M/4FTE
      July 7, 2008       SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 10
 Non-Accelerator Physics

* GLAST Physics
   – Strongly linked to ISOC, campus
     GLAST/NASA program
   – GLAST data analysis and service role
   – Scientific thrusts
       • Dark matter/new physics, relativistic
         outflows, particle acceleration
   – Strong postdoc/student program
   – ~6M DOE budget, ~29 FTE
* KIPAC Physics
   – Joint with campus; overlap with theory
   – Phenomenological research
       • LSST, SNAP, DES, X-ray astronomy
   – Strong postdoc/student program
   – ~$3M/13FTE(2009)

      July 7, 2008            SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 11
                     Detector Development
* TeV Astrophysics.
   – Air Cerenkov telescopes ~ 0.1-10TeV, ~ 100 sources
       • H.E.S.S., MAGIC, crucial to GLAST
   – Future projects AGIS (ACT)
       • Advanced Si-based photodetectors, secondary optics
* CMB astrophysics
   – Strong NSF-supported experimental program
       • Interferometry and bolometry
       • Serious interest from SLAC/RF group
       • Data management
* X-ray astrophysics
   – Role in NASA, JAXA-supported NeXT(2013) mission
       • Lead construction of Soft Gamma Detector as Work for Others
       • Science role in NuSTAR (2011)




      July 7, 2008          SLAC Annual Program Review        Page 12
                     Theory

* Abel, Blandford, Wechsler groups
   – Includes non-theory work
   – Excludes theory by others
       • Non-accelerator physics
* Joint seminars with Th. Phys.




      July 7, 2008        SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 13
                          Theory: Overview

* High relevance to DOE Projects and Proposals
    – Cosmology: dark matter,energy, lensing, structure formation, clusters …
    – Particle astrophysics: black holes, jets, GRB, Magnetars, SNR…
*   Support of GLAST, LSST, SNAP, DES, CDMS…
*   Excellent postdocs, students (~$2M/10FTE, 2009…)
*   Collaboration with non-accelerator physics, theoretical physics
*   Strong emphasis on computational astrophysics
*   Supported by NSF, NASA … grants
*   270 papers over past three years
*   DOE theory review July 23


           July 7, 2008       SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 14
                       Computational Physics

* Data handling
   – LSST - 3GPx @ 30-100mHz -> 100PB
   – Archive, disseminate, mine
* Large scale simulation
   – AMR - MPI codes
      • Dark matter simulations, galaxies,
        stars…
   – PIC codes
* Visualization
   – Interactive system on high
     performance graphics hardware
   – Stereo and tiled display walls
   – GPUs

        July 7, 2008         SLAC Annual Program Review   Page 15
                                         Summary
*   KIPAC@5
     – Succesful partnership: Campus-SLAC, DOE-NASA-NSF, Physics-Astrophysics
     – Scientifically productive
*   GLAST
     – Highly successful implementation of HEP techniques and methodology
     – DOE in space; working collaboration with NASA
     – GLAST Physics ready to start working on data
*   LSST
     – Strong collaboration: mirror cast; camera on track
     – Awaiting PDR/CD1, ASTRO2010
*   SNAP
     – Modest but key role; could expand
     – Awaiting JDEM downselect
*   Detector development
     – Mostly non-DOE projects and support but tapping DOE expertise
*   Non-accelerator Physics and Theory
     – High impact program strongly integrated with projects and proposals
     – Computationally intensive
              July 7, 2008            SLAC Annual Program Review       Page 16

								
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