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					                      HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY 
              METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATION 
                  CITIZENS ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
                      MEETING OF MAY 14, 2008 
                                 
                         AGENDA ITEM V‐B 
 
 
Agenda Item:       Regional Multi‐Use Trails Update 
 
Presenter:         Gena Torres, MPO Staff 
 
 Summary:          F
                     or  over  ten  years,  the  Chairs  Coordination  Committee’s 
                   (CCC) Multi‐Use Trails Committee has met quarterly, with the 
                   goal of coordinating and connecting each county’s individual 
                   trail‐building  effort  by  identifying  a  significant  regional 
                   network  of  paved  trails.    Over  the  years,  the  committee 
                   consisting  of  representatives  from  area  MPOs,  parks  and 
                   recreation offices, and state departments, has: 
                    • Prepared a Multi‐Use Trails Element for the Regional Long 
                      Range Transportation Plan (RLRTP); 
                    • Produced regional trail maps; 
                    • Developed evaluation criteria; and 
                    • Succeeded  in  having  trail  priorities  approved  by  the  full 
                      CCC Board. 
 
                   The Multi‐Use Trails Element of the RLRTP was last updated 
                   in 2000.  Since that time, trails have been built, and even more 
                   importantly,  Sarasota/Manatee  MPO  and  Polk  TPO  have 
                   joined  the  CCC.    With  financial  assistance  from  the 
                   Hillsborough  MPO,  the  Multi‐Use  Trails  Committee  worked 
                   with  the  Tampa  Bay  Regional  Planning  Council  throughout 
                   2007  to  develop  an  update  to  the  Regional  Multi‐Use  Trails 
                   Element  –  the  first  component  completed  for  the  upcoming 
                   update to the Regional LRTP. 
 
Recommended 
                    None, for information only. 
Action: 
 
Attachments:        Regional Multi‐Use Trails Brochure 




Prepared By: Gena Torres                                            Date: May 5, 2008
         REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAIL ELEMENT

                                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
     Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

RECENT ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
    Regional Trail Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
    Recent Trail Projects by County . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

PLAN DEVELOPMENT PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     County Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     Citizen Input and Participation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

THE REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAIL PLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
     Key Regional Issues (by County) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
     Regional Multi-Use Trail System Continuity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
             Intercounty Linkages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
             State Linkages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
     Intergovernmental Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
     Design Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
             Design Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
             FDOT Bicycle Facilities Planning and Design Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
             Facility Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
     Funding Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
     Funding Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
             Federal Funding Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
             State Funding Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
             Regional Funding Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
             Local Funding Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
             Private Funding Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
             Other Potential Funding Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
     Public Involvement and Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
     Other Implementation Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAIL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
     Definition of Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
     Regional Attractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
     List of Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Attractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
     Regional Multi-Use Trail Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
     List of Regional Trail Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
     Regional Trail Prioritization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

RECOMMENDATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58


APPENDICES

A.        FLORIDA STATUTES RELATED TO BICYCLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                               A-1

B.        REGIONAL TRAIL PROFILES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
          Friendship TrailBridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
          General James A. Van Fleet State Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
          Hardy Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
          Meadow Pointe Boulevard Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-7
          Pinellas Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-9
          Starkey Wilderness Park Trail Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-11
          Suncoast Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-13
          Upper Tampa Bay Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-15
          Withlacoochee Bay Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-17
          Withlacoochee State Trail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-19

C.        REGIONAL TRAIL PRIORITIZATION SCORES & RANKINGS . . . . . . . . . . C-1
                        INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE

Background

Since its formation in 1992, West Central Florida Metropolitan Planning Organizations Chairs
Coordinating Committee (CCC), formerly known as the Tampa Bay Area Metropolitan Planning
Organizations Chairmen’s Coordinating Committee (CCC), has provided a coordinated
transportation planning program at both the policy and technical levels.

The Multi-Use Trail Element will continue to serve as the foundation for regional coordination and
interjurisdictional review of bicycle and pedestrian issues. By using the Multi-Use Trail Element
early in the Long Range Plan development process, the CCC hopes to further highlight the ongoing
need for Plan continuity and the need to dedicate revenues that will enable these connections to be
implemented.

The Regional Multi-Use Trail Element fulfills a portion of the CCC’s commitment for a continuing,
comprehensive and cooperative planning process for the entire Tampa Bay area. Through the
Element and its recommendations, the CCC further demonstrates its desire for an ongoing regional
multi-modal planning program for major bicycle and pedestrian facilities for the region.

In March 1997, the CCC adopted the Tampa Bay area’s first comprehensive plan for region-wide
bicycle and pedestrian facilities. Plan adoption followed a lengthy process to formulate a
coordinated multi-use trail element. Early in the Plan development process it was decided that the
purpose of the Regional Multi-Use Trail Element would be to:

“      Increase awareness of the importance of regional and intercounty bicycle movement as a
       major aspect of regional mobility;

“      Provide guidance to the MPOs and local governments in the Tampa Bay area by providing
       a list of issues and opportunities to be considered during development of bicycle and
       pedestrian elements in multi-modal long range transportation plans;

“      Assist in facilitating intergovernmental coordination during the plan development process
       and during all phases of project development;

“      Highlight the need for additional funding to implement a continuous system of multi-use
       trails and, whenever appropriate, coordinate funding strategies;

West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 1
“      Share corridor development concepts that may be used by other jurisdictions during planning
       and/or project implementation;

“      Promote a greater degree of consistency in the design of major trail facilities within the
       region, and;

“      Create a common language for addressing bicycle matters among the planning agencies and
       implementing jurisdictions within the Tampa Bay area.

Regional planning for multi-use trails has become a continuing part of the CCC’s ongoing program
to conduct a coordinated regional planning process. The original multi-use trail element was
developed in 1997 and updated in the year 2000. This update, in 2007, represents an effort to
incorporate recent regional accomplishments as well as address ongoing challenges and opportunities
in a format consistent with the CCC’s Long Range Transportation Plan.

The update is being completed with the continuous participation and support of the Regional Multi-
Use Trails Committee as established by the CCC. The agencies represented on the Regional Multi-
Use Trails Committee include:


       Citrus County Community Development Division
       Florida Department of Transportation District One
       Florida Department of Transportation District Seven
       Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise
       Hernando County MPO
       Hillsborough County MPO
       Hillsborough County Parks, Recreation, and Conservation Department
       Manatee County Planning Department
       Pasco County MPO
       Pasco County Parks and Recreation Department
       Pinellas County MPO
       Pinellas County Planning Department
       Polk County TPO
       Sarasota County Planning Department
       Sarasota/Manatee MPO


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 2
       Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council
       Tampa Parks and Recreation Department


During previous update workshops held in 1999 and 2000, participants were presented with a list
of “opportunities, challenges and barriers” to establish a cohesive regional multi-use trail system.
During this update the agencies represented on the MUT Committee were surveyed to collect their
responses on the main components of the Multi-Use Trails Element. This included necessary updates
to the regional map, as well as comments regarding the challenges and opportunities addressed in
the plan.

The continuation of this coordinated planning process should be considered as an ongoing effort after
the adoption of the Plan element.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 3
          RECENT ACTIVITIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS

Regional Trail Projects

Over the past ten years (1997-2007) many notable achievements toward implementing a continuous
regional multi-use trail network have occurred. Some of these projects include:

”      Suncoast Trail - The Suncoast Trail is a 42-mile paved recreational trail parallel to the new
       Suncoast Parkway toll road constructed in Hillsborough, Pasco and Hernando Counties. The
       Suncoast Trail provides an alternative route for safe bicycle and pedestrian commuting for
       local residents and also serves as a recreational facility for the region by providing an
       important north-south connector between public lands, parks and greenways. The Trail
       serves as an important link between the Upper Tampa Bay Trail, Pinellas Trails and Starkey
       Wilderness Area in the south, the Withlacoochee State Trail to the east and Cross Florida
       Greenway to the north. The 12-foot wide Trail is separated from the roadway by varying
       distances, between 30 feet and 120 feet in width. This was the first trail constructed by the
       Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise, and had strong support from the CCC. The CCC assisted with
       project funding by submitting an application for Statewide Enhancement funds, which were
       subsequently allocated in 1998.

”      Friendship Trail - Formerly known as the Old Gandy Bridge, the Friendship Trail Bridge
       was originally scheduled for demolition. However, through a cooperative effort between
       Hillsborough and Pinellas Counties, funds earmarked for the demolition were used to fund
       the development of the Friendship Trail Bridge as a facility suitable for a variety of non-
       vehicular uses. Cited as a regional trail on the CCC’s plan, this facility will serve as an
       important intercounty linkage.

       It was recognized that the bridge should not be a stand alone project, but should be a part of
       a larger network, thus connecting the bridge to destinations in each county. The plan not only
       defined the bridge improvements but also described the resulting Friendship Trail connection
       to Picnic Island and Bayshore in Hillsborough County and to Weedon Island and downtown
       St. Petersburg in Pinellas County. Accordingly, in what was to be the first time the two
       Counties had entered into a joint project as equal partners, the Pinellas and Hillsborough
       Commissions passed resolutions agreeing to assume joint ownership of the bridge.



West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 4
”      Upper Tampa Bay Trail - The Upper Tampa Bay Trail is located in the residential
       northwest area of Hillsborough County. The trail runs along the west shore of Channel A
       from a trailhead off Memorial Highway/Montaque Street where a full-serve major trailhead
       and trail maintenance facility are located at Channel Park, past Waters Avenue, Linebaugh
       Avenue and then follows an abandoned railroad corridor north to Gunn Highway, Ehrlich
       Road and ending at Peterson Road Park. The current 7.25 miles make up the first three
       phases of a four-phase project. Eventually the Upper Tampa Bay Trail will extend seven to
       eight more miles connecting to the 42-mile Suncoast Trail. The Upper Tampa Bay Trail
       includes such features as bridges, overpasses, underpasses, and water boxes every few miles
       along its diverse layout.

”      Courtney Campbell Recreational Trail - The Courtney Campbell Recreational Trail is a
       10-mile planned regional facility beginning at McMullen Booth Road, at the Bayside Bridge,
       and proceeding east to the Veteran’s Expressway in Hillsborough County. Spanning Tampa
       Bay, the Courtney Campbell Causeway offers a unique regional trail opportunity to connect
       the cities of Clearwater and Tampa along this Florida Scenic Highway, designated in May
       2005. This trail would connect major trail and park systems within both Clearwater and
       Tampa, while exposing trail users to unique water views and natural resources.

       FDOT is currently conducting a feasibility study through the State Transportation
       Enhancement program to explore options for constructing a bicycle/pedestrian facility along
       this corridor. Existing service roads on either side of the Causeway, though narrow, could
       be utilized as a trail connection between Clearwater and Tampa. The bridges, however pose
       a significant challenge with limited right-of-way. Alternatives for spanning the existing
       bridge structures will be identified in the study, including whether trail connections could be
       attached to the existing structures or independent structures would be necessary.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                           Page 5
Recent Trail Projects by County

Citrus County

”      Citrus County is currently completing construction of a 11 foot wide multi purpose trail
       that parallels CR486. The current trail is approximately 5 miles long and runs from
       Forest Ridge Blvd to US41. The trail also connects with the State Rails to Trails system.
       Additionally, design and permitting is underway for a trail head facility at the intersection
       of the State and County trail.

Hernando County

”      Suncoast Trail Trailhead - A planned trailhead at US Highway 98 and the Suncoast
       Trail is scheduled for completion in 2010.

”      Good Neighbor Trail - A restroom facility will be constructed at the Russell Avenue
       Park in Brooksville by mid-2008. Additionally, Phase I is expected to begin construction
       in early 2008.

Hillsborough County

“      Upper Tampa Bay Trail Phase IV – The County is completing land acquisition for a 7-
       mile final segment of the Upper Tampa Bay Trail, which will link to the Suncoast Trail.
       Design of Phase IV will get underway in 2008. If fully funded for construction with local
       funds and matching Enhancement grants, the project will be completed in 2015 at the
       earliest. The project’s northern portion, which connects to the Suncoast Trail, will be
       built first and will provide a replacement trailhead for the temporary Suncoast Trailhead
       on Lutz-Lake Fern Road. A second trailhead will be constructed on Gunn Highway across
       from Keystone Park.

“      South Coast Greenway Phase I – Design of the first 2 miles of the 10-mile South Coast
       Greenway paved trail is underway. Phase I will extend from College Avenue to 19th
       Avenue in Ruskin and is fully funded by the County. Phase I is expected to be built in
       2010. Future phases will extend the trail from 19th Avenue to Big Bend Road (Phase II –
       developer funded) and from Big Bend Road to Symmes Road (Phase III - partially funded


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 6
       by County). The 10-mile South Coast Greenway will include three trailheads to provide
       parking and basic amenities.

“      South Tampa Greenway - The Friendship Trail (Manhattan Avenue Leg) from Tyson
       Avenue to Interbay Boulevard will begin construction in 2008. The completed South
       Tampa Greenway will include over 14 miles of off-road multi-use trail and trailhead
       facilities at Al Palonis Park, Gadsden Park, and Picnic Island Park.

“      Neighborhood Connectors of the Upper Tampa Bay Trail – two recently completed
       extensions of the Upper Tampa Bay Trail connect to neighborhoods on the other side of a
       large drainage canal (Channel A) from the main trail. The connections were made via two
       steel truss bridges over Channel A and paved trail sections providing residents of
       Pinehurst and the Cove with direct access to the main trail. Additional amenities include a
       water station, benches and picnic areas.

Manatee County

“      Emerson Point Trail – Manatee County has entered into an interlocal agreement with
       the City of Palmetto to build the next phase of the Emerson Point Trail. The county had
       configured the same path as the city. The agreement allows the county cost savings with
       the Department of Environmental Protection/Office of Greenways and Trails Grant that
       the city was awarded.

“      Robinson Preserve – The preserve, acquired on December 31, 2002, will have trails that
       connect with the Perico Causeway to 17th Street NW in Bradenton. The connection along
       Manatee Avenue W connects directly into the Perico Causeway - DeSoto Trail. This will
       allow bicyclists, pedestrians, and skaters to travel from Manatee Avenue W (SR 64) to
       DeSoto National Memorial and Riverview Pointe.

“      Neal Preserve – Purchased July 27, 2005, Neal Preserve is located on the south side of
       Manatee Avenue W (SR 64) and fronts on the Intracoastal Waterway. This area will
       allow access to the Perico Causeway - DeSoto Trail. The access is proposed to have a
       sidewalk that starts at the entrance to the preserve, continues west to the Intracoastal
       Waterway Bridge, proceeds under the bridge and connects into the existing sidewalk on
       the north side of Manatee Avenue W, which is known as the Perico Causeway - DeSoto


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                        Page 7
       Trail. The proposed improvements are a kayak/canoe launch and boardwalk with
       overlooks for bird and animal observation.

“      Perico Island Preserve – Acquired June 6, 2007, Perico Island Preserve is the latest
       acquisition of Manatee County. This property has direct access to the Perico Causeway -
       DeSoto Trail. A passive recreational internal loop of trails and water features are
       proposed for this property. The connection will begin and end at the Perico Causeway -
       DeSoto Trail.

Pasco County

”      Starkey Wilderness Park Trail Connection - In 2005, Pasco County constructed this
       6.2 mile trail connection between the Suncoast Trail and the Starkey Road Trail. This trail
       connection has enabled users to access the Suncoast Trail from the Starkey Park and
       allows Suncoast Trail users access to park amenities such as restrooms, camping, and
       hiking facilities.

”      Hardy Trail - This project, first known as Dade City Rails to Trails, was constructed in
       the location of an abandoned Seaboard Coastline Railroad corridor. Construction began in
       October 2006 and was completed in January 2007. The trail was funded with
       enhancement funds awarded by the Pasco County MPO. The City of Dade City named the
       trail to honor their outstanding community leader Roy T. Hardy. The Hardy Trail is
       anticipated to someday connect to the Withlacoochee State Trail in the Trilby area north
       of Dade City.

”      Meadow Pointe Boulevard Trail - Pasco County requested the developer, as part of the
       plans for residential communities, to construct a trail along Meadow Pointe Blvd. Now
       that the trail has been constructed, many of the subdivisions being built along Meadow
       Pointe Blvd have the ability to access this 5-mile stretch of trail. It is anticipated that this
       trail will be extended into Hillsborough County to connect to the future trail along Morris
       Bridge Road with the capability to access Wilderness Park in Hillsborough County.

Pinellas County

”      Pinellas Trail - Progress Energy Extension - In 1999, Florida Power Corporation and


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                             Page 8
       Pinellas County agreed to develop a north-south bicycle and pedestrian trail facility
       utilizing an existing power easement. The 20.6 mile easement traverses the eastern
       portion of the County, paralleling the existing Pinellas Trail. Florida Power, now
       Progress Energy, has agreed to construct the Trail under contract with the County through
       a 99-year lease, and construction will be funded by local sales tax revenue as well as state
       and federal sources. The Trail will be constructed of asphalt and will require overpass
       construction at four major intersections.

“      St. Petersburg Downtown Connection - St. Petersburg is designing the Downtown
       Connection Trail along the former CSX rail line. This will extend the Pinellas Trail 2.1
       miles from 34th Street South in St. Petersburg into downtown along the 1st Avenue South
       corridor.

Polk County

“      Fort Fraser Trail - The Fort Fraser Trail is the result of efforts by local and state
       agencies, dating back to 1991, to acquire the abandoned rail bed and fund the
       construction of a multi-use trail between Bartow and Lakeland. In 2001 the Florida
       Department of Transportation (FDOT) acquired a portion of the corridor and construction
       was completed earlier this year on this much anticipated 7.8 mile trail between Bartow
       and State Road 540 in south Lakeland. People who use the Fort Fraser Trail for the first
       time may be surprised by all of bends and turns in the trail as it runs parallel to US 98.
       Instead of constructing the trail in a straight line on the old railroad bed like most
       rail-to-trails, trail designers designed the trail to deviate from the rail bed from time to
       time utilizing much of the width of the corridor to add interest to the trail. Unique
       features of the trail include two covered bridge crossings at Bear Creek and Banana
       Creek, wood rail fencing along the side of the trail and trailheads near the Polk
       Community College Campus, Highland City and north of State Road 60 that provide
       access to the trail, as well as the nearby Bartow Express Route. Plans are to extend the
       trail north into downtown Lakeland and to provide connections to the Circle B Bar
       Preserve near Lake Hancock.

“      TECO - Auburndale Trail - The City of Auburndale has recently completed an
       extension of the TECO - Auburndale Trail which now takes the trail north of Interstate 4
       to Post Road. This 12 foot wide multi-use trail now extends for 5.5 miles between


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 9
       Denton Avenue and Post Road just west of Berkley Road in north Auburndale. The City
       began construction of the trail in 2002 when it paved a 1.2 mile section of the trail
       between Denton Avenue and Braddock Road. Prior to constructing the trail, the City had
       to secure a 30-year lease agreement with the Tampa Electric Company (TECO), for
       permission to use of a portion of their utility corridor. The new northern terminus of the
       trail at Post Road leaves just over a mile of trail needed to make the connection with the
       Van Fleet National Recreational Trail. The Town of Polk City has applied for state
       grants to fund the construction of the last piece of trail needed for this connection, and to
       improve the existing trailhead for the Van Fleet National Recreational Trail located just
       north of State Road 33. If you would like to visit this trail, access is provided at a
       trailhead located on Denton Avenue just west of Berkley Road.

“      Lake Wales Trail - Construction has just finished on the Lake Wales Trail between 4th
       Street to east of Tower Boulevard. This 12 foot wide multi-use trail will provide the
       residents of eastern Lake Wales with bicycle and pedestrian access to downtown Lake
       Wales, the nearby Lake Wailes Trail, as well as other community and recreation facilities.
       Additional funds will be needed to extend the trail to Buck Moore Road, as originally
       planned, due to drastic increases in construction costs. Therefore, the trail will end
       approximately 1,000 feet west of Buck Moore Road until addition funding is available.
       While the construction funds fell a little short, the State Office of Greenways and Trails
       recently funded the purchase of the remainder of the abandoned rail corridor to the west
       of 4th Street. This now makes it possible in the future for the trail to be connected with
       The Ridge Scenic Highway, a state designed scenic road. In addition, plans are to
       provide a trail connection from the Lake Wales Trail to Historic Bok Sanctuary which sits
       atop Iron Mountain - one of the highest points in Florida. The 200 foot elevation gain on
       this trail would make it one of the steepest trails in Florida.

“      The Chain of Lakes Trail - Earlier this year the City of Winter Haven began
       construction on the Chain of Lakes Trail. This multi-use trail will extend north from
       Central Park in downtown Winter Haven to US 17/92 in Lake Alfred. As the trail's name
       implies, the route will provide access to, and views of, many of the lakes in the northern
       Chain of Lakes. Chain of Lakes Trail is anticipated to get a lot of use as the trail is in
       close proximity to downtown Winter Haven and within walking or biking distance to
       many of the City's residents. Another unique aspect of the Chain of Lakes Trail is the
       intermodal trailhead that will be constructed adjacent to the new Winter Haven Area


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 10
       Transit (WHAT) terminal. This facility will provide access to the City's transit system for
       trail and transit users. Future plans include the extension of the Chain of Lakes Trail into
       downtown Lake Alfred, as nearly all of the abandoned rail bed is in public ownership
       north of US 17/92 into downtown.

Sarasota County

“      The Legacy Trail - This rail to trail project, connecting Venice and Sarasota, is
       scheduled for completion in April 2008. The 12 foot wide asphalt trail will include 7
       trailhead connections and 8 trestles over its 12.4 mile length.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                       Page 11
                        PLAN DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

County Processes

Although most of the jurisdictions in the Tampa Bay area do not regularly develop
Comprehensive Bicycle Plans per se, all six MPOs have extensively analyzed bicycle and
pedestrian needs as part of their long range planning programs. These activities have included
the inventorying and analysis of existing facilities, studying the location of bicycle/pedestrian trip
attractors and generators, and planning facilities as part of their Cost Affordable Plans.
Therefore, the strongest common link among MPO trail planning programs is through the multi-
modal long range planning programs.

In the past, FDOT has taken a strong role in providing technical assistance and coordination of
the long range planning process. Much of this coordination effort has occurred within the
framework of the West Central Florida Metropolitan Planning Organizations Chairs
Coordinating Committee (CCC). Resulting from the need for the MPOs to reapportion their
membership, a mandate from the Governor’s Office required demonstration of a comprehensive
and coordinated planning process among the MPOs, FDOT and other applicable agencies within
the Tampa Bay area in order to obtain approval of their reapportionment plans. Specifically, the
MPOs in the Transportation Management Area (TMA) were required to show coordination of
LRTPs and the Hernando County MPO joined the process on a voluntary basis.


The overall goal is to support development of a regionally coordinated network of pedestrian and
bicycle facilities by reflecting recommendations contained in the Regional Multi-Use Trail
Element in adopted LRTPs.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 12
Citrus County

Although it does not yet contain a designated urbanized area that meets the threshold for creation
of an MPO, Citrus County has an active transportation planning program and is part of FDOT
District Seven. Recently, Citrus County modified its Comprehensive Plan Traffic Circulation
Element to include bicycle policies. This planning initiative recognizes the County’s numerous
natural and historical resources which provide many opportunities for non-motorized travel. To
a great degree, the County’s future planning activities will center on connections to the existing
Withlacoochee State Trail, the Cross Florida Greenway, and the planned Suncoast Trail.


Hernando County

Building upon the goals, objectives and policies contained in its Comprehensive Plan, Hernando
County adopted its first Comprehensive Bicycle Plan in 1993. In turn, this Plan was used as the
basis for developing the bicycle element of the MPO's multi-modal transportation plan. As with
the other "northern tier" Counties, the Hernando trail network will be anchored by the existing
Withlacoochee Trail and the Suncoast Trail.

Early in its planning program, the MPO sought to integrate bicycle and pedestrian modes of
travel into the existing transportation system and ensure
through education, engineering, and encouragement, that
bicycle and pedestrian travel is a viable means of
transportation. While the 1993 Plan addressed current
and future issues and policies, identified existing and
future facility locations, and documented accident
locations and other pertinent analysis data, the MPO's
2025 LRTP (adopted in December 2004) did not replicate
the comprehensive plans for these facilities. Rather, the
                                                            A Section of the Suncoast Trail in Hernando
LRTP reviewed and documented information from these         County
sources that were pertinent to the development of the
LRTP.

Two major issues facing the County relating to bicycles and pedestrians are the lack of adequate
infrastructure and education on safety issues. Hernando County currently has a very limited
number of bicycle and pedestrian facilities. The bicycle facilities include wide curb lanes, paved

West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                                 Page 13
shoulders, bicycle lanes and bicycle paths. Unfortunately, these facilities are scattered
throughout the County and currently provide little or no linkage with each other. Thus, the
absence of infrastructure around potential bicycle and pedestrian generators/attractors minimizes
community interaction or linkage with nearby communities, deters the use of bicycle and
pedestrian travel, and in turn, contributes to the potential for bicycle and pedestrian accidents.
Updated design criteria also need to be incorporated into the improvement of existing roadway
facilities and the construction of new roadways. A second issue involves the location of future
bicycle and pedestrian facilities and corridors. The MPO continues to identify areas for future
facility placement.

Bicycle facilities on many roadways currently consist of a paved shoulder. For SR 50 in
downtown Brooksville, the bicycle facility consists of a wide curb lane. However, Hernando
County is fortunate to have one of the most scenic bicycle/pedestrian trails in the state: the
Withlacoochee Trail. With approximately 47 miles of paved 12-foot wide surface, the Trail
passes through the Withlacoochee State Forest and connects to the City of Dunellon in Citrus
County. The Suncoast Trail, with 42-miles of paved surface has also proven to be a popular
cycling venue. This trail draws hundreds of cyclists from all over the state to ride a facility that
spans three counties and features a bike/ped bridge over SR 50. Additionally, the Suncoast Trail
Advisory Group (STAG) was formed to coordinate trail related issues between the counties. The
MPO's 2025 Cost Affordable Plan calls for the creation of an additional paved multi-use trail
running from the City of Brooksville to the Withlacoochee State Trail. Known as the Good
Neighbor Trail, the MPO has approved this 10-mile paved facility as one of the major links in its
countywide network of multi-use trails.


Hillsborough County

Integral to the planning and funding of multi-use
paved trails in Hillsborough County are local
government greenways master plans.

Hillsborough County implements the Hillsborough
Greenways Master Plan, which was approved by
the Board of County Commissioners in 1995. The
Master Plan is a conceptual and strategic plan for
creating a county-wide greenway system for               Upper Tampa Bay Trail - trailhead facility



West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                                  Page 14
conservation, recreation and non-motorized transportation. Inter-county connectivity of the trail
system is an important aspect of the plan, as well as on-road bikeway connectivity between
off-road paved trails within the county.

Specific paved trail concepts identified on the Greenway System Map of the County's Master
Plan are prioritized for funding by the Hillsborough Greenways Committee, a group established
through the Master Plan to oversee plan implementation.

The County's prioritized trail concepts, in ranked order, are:

1.     Upper Tampa Bay Trail
2.     South Coast Greenway
3.     Tampa Bypass Canal Trail
4.     Cross County Greenway
5.     Northwest Regional Connector Trail

The Tampa Greenways and Trails Master Plan was adopted by City Council in 2001. The City's
Master Plan seeks to develop a comprehensive, connected trails system, with an emphasis on
on-road bikeways to connect off-road paved trails. The Master Plan includes design standards
and specifications, along with its concept plan for a multi-use trail system.


Manatee County

The Manatee County Greenways Master Plan was adopted by the Board of County
Commissioners on July 23, 2002. The Plan identifies eleven named trails that all interconnect
into a greenway system. The proposed trail system also connects to Hillsborough County,
Sarasota County, the City of Palmetto, the City of Bradenton, the City of Bradenton Beach, the
City of Anna Maria, the City of Holmes Beach, the Town of Longboat Key, and the City of
Sarasota's trail efforts. There are over 100 miles of greenway trails envisioned for unincorporated
Manatee County and the cities within it’s borders.


Pasco County

In November 1999, the Pasco County MPO adopted its first Comprehensive Bicycle and
Pedestrian Plan. The last major effort in planning for multi use trails in Pasco County occurred


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                        Page 15
during development of the last Long Range
Transportation Plan adopted December of 2004. Since
then Pasco County MPO, along with Pasco County
Parks and Recreation department actively participated in
many local and regional planning efforts in regard to
multi use trails. Currently, Pasco County is under taking
efforts to develop a County wide Greenways, Trails, and
Blue ways Master Plan to be completed by December of
2008. This plan will then be incorporated where             A portion of the Suncoast Trail
applicable in developing the next LRTP due by
December of 2009. Pasco County MPO is actively involved in the development of this master
plan and will continue to promote alternative forms of transportation as part of a systematic
approach to Congestion Management and Highway Demand Reduction, along with promoting
related benefits such as healthy lifestyles and recreation.


Pinellas County

Pinellas County began to emphasize
bicycle/pedestrian and multi-modal facilities
following the adoption of the Comprehensive
Plan in 1989. That year, voters approved the
Penny for Pinellas sales tax referendum that
primarily provided funds for the Pinellas Trail
project. Use of the 35-mile abandoned CSX
railroad line, resulted in an agreement that
placed the responsibility for developing the Trail
with Pinellas County. The enthusiasm generated
by the Pinellas Trail for nearly twenty years has
                                                      An overpass on the Pinellas Trail
spread to other initiatives that have provided
additional trails and increased opportunities for the expansion of bicycle and pedestrian networks
throughout the County.

The Pinellas Trail forms the backbone of the County’s bicycle network, and has been greatly
responsible for a resurgence of bicycle and pedestrian activity in Pinellas County. The Trail
currently extends 34-miles from Tarpon Springs south to St. Petersburg. The Penny for Pinellas


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                       Page 16
infrastructure sales tax has provided the majority of the funding for the development of the Trail,
along with a mix of Federal revenue dollars. The development of the Trail has led to
construction of a growing number of community trails that provide connections to community
facilities, parks and other trails.

With the adoption of the Comprehensive Plan policies in 1995 that call for the inclusion of
striped four-foot bicycle lanes on road construction projects, the MPO and Pinellas County
continue working to expand bicycle opportunities with on-road facilities. The Board of County
Commissioners supported the bicycle facilities policy with the Bicycle Lane Implementation Plan
ordinance in March 2001.

In May 2006, the Pinellas County MPO approved a Countywide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master
Plan, which focuses on integrating and improving multi-modal choices for commuting as well as
recreational purposes, and supports additional efforts to build on current MPO policies and
programs.

Pinellas County is committed to expand safe and convenient multi-modal facilities countywide
with ongoing construction of bike lane, sidewalk, and trailway networks.


Polk County

Included as a component of their 2030 Transportation
Improvement Program Polk County has established a Polk
Unified Greenways Systems (PUGS) Master Plan that
defines a system of greenways and trails that link area parks,
environmental lands, schools, trails, cultural, and historic
destinations.

The master plan was started in early 2004 with the creation
of a steering committee comprised of citizens, public
agencies, including the Polk TPO, recreation and trail
advocates, the Florida Trail Association (FTA), and
representatives from Polk’s municipalities. The results from
the steering committee, the numerous public workshops and
                                                                 A portion of the Lake Wales Trail.
other public involvement activities that have been held as


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                                  Page 17
part of the PUGS master plan was the basis for many of the proposed multi-use trail projects that
were evaluated by the TPO as part of the multi-use trail needs analysis. TPO staff utilized the
same prioritization method described in the bicycle/pedestrian needs section for determining
strategic multi-use trail needs.

Sarasota County

The Sarasota County Master Trail Plan is currently in revision and will be completed sometime
in 2008. Additionally, a bicycle plan will be developed and presented to the Board of County
Commissioners on a date yet to be determined.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                      Page 18
Citizen Input and Participation

The informal workshop format used during development of the initial Regional Multi-Use Plan
Element in 1997 proved to be so effective that the format was again used for obtaining state and
local input to the process during subsequent updates. As originally done, participants were asked
to contribute their own knowledge and experiences of both intra and intercounty issues. For
presentation at the second workshop (February 24, 2000) , participants were presented with a
refined regional map and were asked to provide further direction regarding possible intercounty
connections, the location of major generators for non-motorized transportation, and existing or
planned trail heads and support facilities.

Although attitudes and issues still vary from county to county, a general commitment exists
toward expending the effort to resolve regional and intercounty coordination issues. Hence, the
approach to forming a consensus regarding the role of multi-use trails is now similar from
jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Most counties and some cities have Bicycle/Pedestrian Advisory
Committees (BPACs). Direct citizen input is provided at the county level with regional
perspectives added by the CCC and its working committees such as the Multi-Use Trails
Committee and Joint Citizen Advisory Committee.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                      Page 19
                THE REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAIL PLAN

One of the primary functions of the Regional Multi-Use Plan Element is to provide the MPOs
with a list of opportunities and challenges for consideration in developing their respective
bicycle/pedestrian elements for the Long Range Transportation Plans (LRTP). As the focus of
this effort, the CCC has identified the main opportunities and challenges related to multi-use trail
planning and project development that should be actively considered during the LRTP planning
process.

These opportunities and challenges include:

“      Regional Multi-Use Trail System Continuity
“      Intergovernmental Coordination
“      Design Issues
“      Funding Strategies
“      Agreements for Joint Use of Right-of-Way and Easements
“      Partnerships with Power and Utility Companies
“      Public Involvement and Education



Key Regional Issues

While certain issues associated with creating a coordinated regional multi-use trail system can be
resolved at the county level, several will require resolution and agreement at the regional level.
These broad issues may require the establishment of additional lines of communication between
the traditional planning community and other participants with responsibilities in resource
management, economic development, and the creation of infrastructure. But for the most part, a
thorough review of other successful planning initiatives, both within and outside of the Tampa
Bay area, will do much to flag new and innovative approaches for resolving regional bicycle and
pedestrian issues. The following section examines the issues facing planning entities within
Tampa Bay in regards to defining a regional trail system, providing for intra-regional
connections, and further connecting the system to surrounding regions and the state trail network.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 20
 Regional Issue                                                        County
 Identifying suitable connections from the Withlacoochee and           Citrus
 Suncoast Trails to the Cross Florida Greenway, including a
 connection from the Withlacoochee Trail to the Greenway.
 Investigating development of a coastal trail(s), including:           Citrus
 •       Linkage(s) to the Fort Island Trail along CR 44.
 •       Connection to the Chassahowitska Wildlife Management
         Area in Hernando County.
 Look at the feasability of providing lateral connection(s) between    Citrus
 the Suncoast and Withlacoochee Trails, including:
 •      Opportunities within the SR 44 corridor for bicycle facility
        development.
 •      Resolution of the Division of Forestry’s (Withlacoochee
        State Forest) position that it is not receptive to trails
        traversing the area.
 •      Need to coordinate with the Division of Forestry regarding
        additional opportunities for connections to recreation areas
        and/or use of forest lands as trail corridors.
 Implementation and maintenance of the Suncoast Trail, including       Hernando
 the funding and placement of trail amenities.
 Maintenance, security, and trail head improvements on the             Hernando
 Withlacoochee State Trail.
 Determining the feasability of a westward extension of the Good       Hernando
 Neighbor Trail into the Spring Hill urban area, including:
 •     Can a corridor with possible alignment options be
       identified?
 •     If so, what type of facility can be constructed and funded?




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                              Page 21
 Identification of opportunities for a coastal trail or greenways      Hernando
 system in Hernando and Pasco Counties, including:
 •       Identifying a suitable corridor for the Nature Coast Trail
         through the Oak Sound area between Shoal Line Blvd and
         US 19.
 •       Extension of the coastal trail corridor northward into the
         Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area, and
         coordination with SWFWMD and the Office of Greenways
         and Trails.
 Identifying connections to other bikeways, particularly lateral       Hernando
 connections to the Suncoast Trail thus better integrating the trail
 into the Spring Hill urbanized area.
 Identification of additional connections to Pasco and Citrus          Hernando
 Counties, including:
 •       Possible use of the partially abandoned rail line linking
         Brooksville and Inverness, or identifying an alternative
         north/south alignment.
 •       Connection of the aforementioned coastal trail to Pasco
         and/or Citrus Counties.
 Southward extension of the Suncoast Parkway Trail: implementing       Hillsborough
 lateral linkages including greenways, multi-use trails, and bicycle
 lanes with particular emphasis on segments that contribute to
 regional continuity; connecting the Upper Tampa Bay Trail to the
 Suncoast Parkway Trail.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                  Page 22
 Connections to Pasco and Pinellas Counties: utilizing existing Bay    Hillsborough
 crossings, namely along the Courtney Campbell (implementing the
 Courtney Campbell Scenic Corridor recommendations) connecting
 west to Cypress Point Park Trail; along the Gandy corridor using
 the Friendship Trailbridge and connecting to the South Tampa
 Greenway which continues to the heart of Tampa along Bayshore
 Boulevard and the Riverwalk; and through Keystone area to/from a
 northern connection to the Pinellas Trail in Tarpon Springs to the
 Upper Tampa Bay Trail. Extending the Bruce B. Downs Trail north
 to Pasco County. Linkages may be a combination of off-road and
 on-road facilities.
 Connections to Manatee County: implementing the Cross County          Hillsborough
 Greenway to tie-in with the Willow-Ellenton Trail and Regional
 Trail, North.
 Researching and identifying additional opportunities for Manatee      Manatee
 County to expand the trail system within the county.
 Identify locations for trail head amenities along the proposed        Manatee
 greenway.
 Coordination with Hillsborough and Sarasota Counties to come to       Manatee
 an agreement on location of the connections of regional multi-use
 trails as they continue from one county to another.
 Identification of opportunities for a southern extension of the       Pasco
 Withlacoochee State Trail, including:
 •       Connection of the Withlacoochee State Trail southward into
         the Dade City area.
 •       Possible use of the abandoned rail line parallel to US 301
         both north and south of Dade City.
 Connect the Suncoast Trail with the Pinellas Trail by extending the   Pasco
 Starkey Road Trail south into Pinellas County.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                  Page 23
 Additional analysis of current and/or potential bikeway initiatives,   Pasco
 including:
 •      Creation of a connection to the Withlacoochee Trail from
        Polk County, possibly to the Van Fleet Trail in the Green
        Swamp.
 •      Provision of bikeway access to the San Antonio train station
        historical renovation project.
 •      Study of possible trail alignments through the Cypress
        Creek wellfield (need to coordinate with Tampa Bay
        Water).
 Few organized groups (either governmental or citizen) are currently    Pasco
 present in Pasco County to advocate trail development.
 Implementation and maintenance of the Suncoast Trail, including        Pasco
 the funding and implementation of additional user amenities.
 Determine the feasability of using the Bi-County Expressway            Pasco
 Corridor and the Tampa Bay Water easement as a major east-west
 bikeway, including:
 •      Possible direct extension of the Pinellas Trail along the
        corridor into Pasco County.
 •      Review of the results of the Bi-County feasability study and
        the Northeast Corridor PD&E to determine if features
        within these corridors preclude development of a bikeway.
 •      Need to evaluate the role and need of this alignment as a
        lateral connection between the Suncoast and Withlacoochee
        State Trails.
 Investigate possible connections to Hillsborough County,               Pasco
 including:
 •       Connection to the Upper Tampa Bay Park via an extension
         of the Suncoast Trail and connecting to other existing
         and/or planned greenways in Hillsborough County
 •       Connection to planned trails/greenways in north-central and
         northeast Hillsborough County, including the Bruce D.
         Downs and Old Ft. King Trail corridors.



West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                            Page 24
 Implementation of the eastern loop for the Pinellas Trail, now         Pinellas
 identified as the Pinellas Trail - Progess Energy Trail Extension.
 Identification and further development of extensions of the Pinellas   Pinellas
 Trail to regional activity centers, including:
 •       The Honeymoon Island Trail linking the Pinellas Trail to
         Honeymoon Island State Park. This trail will be upgraded,
         but does currently exist and is widely used.
 •       A linkage to the trail system in Ft. DeSoto Park.
 Connections to Pasco County, including:                                Pinellas
 •     Northward trail extension along East Lake Road to connect
       with the Bi-County corridor. Linkages between regional
       parks in Hillsborough and Pasco Counties (Chesnut Park to
       Starkey Wilderness Area and Upper Tampa Bay Park).
 •     Extension of the Elfers Spur connecting the Pinellas Trail to
       Anclote Blvd and Anclote River Park in Pasco County.
 •     Use of the Keystone Road alignment as a possible bikeway
       corridor into northwest Hillsborough County with
       connections to Pasco County.
 Linkages between regional parks in Hillsborough and Pasco              Pinellas
 Counties, including:
 •      Trail connections between Chesnut Park to the Starkey
        Wilderness Area in Pasco County and to Upper Tampa Bay
        Park in northwest Hillsborough County.
 •      Connections to Hillsborough County utilizing existing Bay
        crossings, including the Courtney-Campbell Casueway and
        the Gandy Bridge (Friendship Trail Bridge).




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                               Page 25
 Connection of the Van Fleet National Recreational Trail to the          Polk
 Withlacoochee State Trail in Pasco County. This should be a high
 regional/state priority.
 •      Coordination is needed with SWFWMD to determine a
        feasible corridor through the Green Swamp Wildlife
        Management Area.
 •      Would SWFWMD allow a paved trail through this area?
 •      Another possible route would be on the rail line that
        parallels SR 50 through Sumter County – though probably
        not as scenic. Portions of this same rail line are used as the
        extension of the West Orange Trail into Lake
        County/Clermont area and eventually the Van Fleet Trail.
        This could be a significant east-west trail across the state.
 Lack of connectivity between Hillsborough and Polk County               Polk
 •      Planned multi-use trail between Plant City and Lakeland
        should be evaluated further to determine if a feasible
        corridor actually exists.
 •      An alternative Hillsborough-Polk connection may be along
        the Alafia River – expand the trail from SR 39 into Polk
        County. Much of this corridor is already in public
        ownership.
 •      Another corridor should be considered along the
        Hillsborough River, from the Hillsborough River State Park
        NE towards Polk and the Green Swamp (new Colt Creek
        State Park). Much of this land is in public ownership or is
        planned for acquisition.
 Securing funding for trail crossings at major roads, i.e., SR 570       Polk
 (Polk Parkway), SR 60A, SR 544 and US 17/92 in Polk County.
 And limiting the amount of new road crossings of multi-use trails –
 Trail Access Management techniques.
 Communicating long range trail plans with various local state and       Polk
 federal agencies that are acquiring lands in this region for
 environmental/recreational purposes - in particular the Office of
 Greenways and Trails.


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                            Page 26
 According to the Multi-Use Feasibility Technical Memo, dated          FDOT
 April 2007, the southward extension of the Suncoast Parkway Trail
 along the Veterans Expressway is not feasible due to limited right-
 of-way.

 The widening of the current four-lane section to ultimately eight
 lanes does not allow for an easement for a new trail alignment
 within the turnpike right-of-way. Use of the remaining 52-foot
 buffer area remaining after widening would require Florida’s
 Turnpike Enterprise to buy additional mitigation lands off
 alignment to replace existing and future mitigation required.
 Therefore, placement of the multi-use trail within the widened
 Veterans Expressway is not feasible due to right-of-way constraints
 and impacts to existing ponds, lakes, and wetlands.

 The Veterans Expressway (Florida’s Turnpike Enterprise) does not
 own the right-of-way south of Hillsborough Avenue to Memorial
 Highway. The Hillsborough County Aviation Authority (HCAA),
 which owns this right-of-way, granted the Turnpike an easement on
 the land south of Hillsborough Avenue. Therefore, there is no
 available right-of-way south of Hillsborough Avenue for a multi-
 use trail.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                          Page 27
Regional Multi-Use Trail System Continuity

Intercounty Linkages

One of the primary purposes of the CCC’s involvement in regional trail planning is to identify
the need for regional system continuity through expanded intercounty linkages. Only when
major trails and support facilities have been joined through properly designed connections can
truly regional bicycle and pedestrian movement occur. Fortunately, over the past few years
several events have occurred within the Tampa Bay area to link trail facilities.

As depicted on the Regional Multi-Use Trails map, the Plan presents several opportunities for
linkages in order to create a seamless network of regional level facilities for non-motorized
transportation. Unfortunately, opportunities are often accompanied by barriers to
implementation. To the greatest extent possible, MPOs should fully assess these barriers during
long range plan development. The preceding section on “Key Regional Issues” provides a cross-
section of issues that should be addressed by each MPO and County when formulating its long
range bicycle element.

During the 2002 update, for coordination and inventory purposes, FDOT=s district-wide bicycle
facility inventory and the CCC=s Regional Multi-Use Trail was compared to identify linkage and
continuity issues. As noted at that time, much of the needed coordination between FDOT and the
CCC had already occurred in that the CCC=s GIS mapping and database were used in the FDOT
project. MPO and FDOT staffs worked to identify programmed improvements for bicycle
facilities or for roadway widening projects that include ancillary bicycle improvements.
Additionally, facilities identified in the bicycle and pedestrian elements of Year 2025/2030 MPO
Long Range Transportation Plans elements were illustrated on the Regional Multi-Use Trails
map.

In 2002 and again in 2007, MPO staffs reviewed programmed and planned improvements on the
Regional Multi-Use Trails map. The regional plan highlights facilities required to implement a
continuous system of multi-use trails and, whenever appropriate, coordinates project funding and
implementation strategies. Additionally, each jurisdiction has reviewed regional issues to be
addressed in the planning process.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                      Page 28
State Linkages

The Florida Greenways and Trails System has its roots in the Florida Recreational Trails System,
the Florida Canoe Trail System, and the public parks, forests, refuges, wildlife management
areas, and water management areas created to protect Florida natural heritage. Created by the
Legislature in 1979, the recreational trails system was intended to provide the public with access
to and enjoyment of outdoor recreation areas, and to conserve, develop and use the state’s natural
resources for healthful and recreational purposes. By 1996, the Legislature expanded the system
and the trails acquisition program to include greenways and trails systems. In addition, the
state’s land acquisition programs have been critical for protecting conservation lands that will be
the backbone of a statewide greenways and trails system. The Florida Greenways and Trails Act
set forth goals of the statewide system and established procedures for its administration and
management.

The Florida Greenways and Trails System is a designated system of greenways and trails
consisting of the following components:

“      Landscape Linkages - Large linear protected areas that sufficiently provide native plants
       and animals to flourish while serving as corridors connecting ecosystems and landscapes.
       These linkages can also provide space for the protection of historic sites, and provide
       outdoor, resource-based recreational opportunities.

“      Conservation Corridors - Less extensive linear protected areas that serve as biological
       connecting corridors and which may provide compatible outdoor, resource-based
       recreational opportunities and protect significant historic properties.

“      Greenbelts - Protected natural lands or working landscapes that may surround cities,
       serve to preserve agricultural productivity as well as balance and direct urban and
       suburban growth.

“      Recreational Corridors and Trails - Linear open spaces and routes providing recreational
       use and access.

“      Scenic Corridors - Corridors of land protected for scenic quality and other aesthetic
       considerations.



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“      Utilitarian corridors - Such as powerline and pipeline rights-of-way and canals (and
       other corridors whose primary purpose is utilitarian) that may help connect recreational,
       cultural or natural system features.

“      Reserves - Large protected areas that serve as primary sites for conserving biological
       diversity and natural resources. These can protect important historic and cultural sites
       and provide some nature-based recreational opportunities.

“      Regional Parks and Preserves - Less extensive hubs of regional significance that
       provide ecological benefits and may offer important recreational opportunities.

“      Ecological Sites - Smaller sites that conserve important or unique natural or geologic
       features.

“      Cultural/Historic/Recreational Sites - Community parks, trail heads or cultural/historic
       sites that provide recreational opportunities, help protect and interpret Florida’s
       cultural/historic heritage, and can often serve as a system origin or destination.

Given the highly urbanized nature of much of the Tampa Bay area, opportunities for creating
additional large ecological preserves are limited, although each County has significant
environmental resources that have been protected through land use and other policies.

In most cases the CCC’s Multi-Use Trail Element recognizes the statewide features and facilities
contained on the Florida Greenways and Trails System. However, additional opportunities for
connecting to this important network should be examined and reviewed on a periodic basis.




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Intergovernmental Coordination

While individual MPOs are traditionally close to local and state government, there are additional
agencies with substantial roles in project funding and implementation that are often not included
in the planning process. The Task Force identified the following additional agencies that should
be continually included in regional bicycle/pedestrian planning activities. These agencies and
organizations are:

“      Florida Greenways Coordinating Council - Formerly the State Greenways
       Commission, the Greenways Council has been placed under the Office of Greenways and
       Trails in the Department of Environmental Protection. As such, the Council is to act as a
       public/private partnership promoting the creation of a statewide system for greenways and
       trails. The Council has an active program for the planning and funding of greenway
       corridors throughout Florida. As one of its recent efforts, the Council has worked
       extensively with the University of Florida to develop a statewide greenways and trails
       geographic information system (GIS). The Council has also produced a state
       bicycle/pedestrian trails map that has been widely received. More information regarding
       the role and planning activities of the Office of Greenways and Trails can be found on
       their website: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/gwt/default.htm.

“      Division of Forestry - State forests and wildlife management areas are some of the most
       important recreational resources in the Tampa Bay area. Thus, involvement of the State
       Division of Forestry in reviewing proposals for trail alignments through lands under the
       care of that agency is a necessary element in identifying all potential recreational and
       travel opportunities, and determining their viability for becoming part of a regional trails
       network.

“      Southwest Florida Water Management District - The mission of the Southwest Florida
       Water Management District (SWFWMD) is to manage the water and water-related
       resources within its boundaries. Central to the mission is maintaining the balance between
       the water needs of current and future users while protecting and maintaining the natural
       systems that provide the SWFWMD with its existing and future water supply. SWFWMD
       also maintains an online Recreation Guide on its web site. SWFWMD has acquired more
       than 422,000 acres of land in west-central Florida, and is responsible for the management
       of these lands. Although water supply, flood protection, natural systems protection and
       water quality are the primary benefits, these natural Florida lands also provide

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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 31
       opportunities for enriching outdoor recreation and environmental education. Although it
       is constrained by state statute to preserve the environmental values of these lands,
       SWFWMD endeavors to provide a variety of recreational opportunities to the public.
       Often, partnerships with city or county governments and other public agencies are used to
       accomplish this goal. Areas within the Tampa Bay Region having recreational value and
       currently under the ownership or management of SWFWMD include:

               Alafia River Corridor
               Alafia River Reserve
               Annutteliga Hammock
               Brooker Creek Headwaters Nature Preserve
               Brooker Creek Preserve
               Canal Park and Lake Tarpon Outfall Canal
               Chassahowitzka River and Coastal Swamp
               Circle B Bar Reserve
               Cliff Stephens Park
               Cypress Creek
               Edward Chance Reserve
               Edward Medard Park and Reservoir
               Flying Eagle
               Green Swamp Wilderness Preserve - West Tract
               Lake Marion Creek —Horseshoe Scrub Tract
               Little Manatee River — Lower, Southfork, & Upper Tracts
               Lower Hillsborough Wilderness Park
               Myakka River — Deer Prairie Creek & Flatford Swamp
               Myakka River State Park — Myakka Prairie
               Myakka State Forest
               Potts Preserve
               Sawgrass Lake Park
               Starkey Wilderness Preserve & Park
               Tampa Bypass Canal
               Terra Ceia Preserve State Park
               Two Mile Prairie
               Upper Hillsborough
               Weekiwachee Preserve
               Withlacoochee River Park

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Design Issues

Design Standards

Members of the original Task Force and of the Regional Multi-Use Trails Committee strongly feel
that current design practices in the Tampa Bay area have not been properly coordinated. Although
standards and design policies abound, the inability to apply a strong set of definitive national
standards has led to significantly different ways in which bicycle facilities are designed within the
region.

Issues that should be further addressed during Plan development and project design include:

”      Identify opportunities for bicycle/pedestrian accommodations on all regional highway
       projects.

”      Where needed and feasible, multi-use trail connectors should be designated early in the
       planning process. At a minimum, these should consist of:

                       4 foot striped bicycle lane (urban section)
                       5 foot paved shoulder (rural section)

”      Within the Tampa Bay area there is little consistency in the application of an accepted set of
       design or operational standards. Some of the more significant areas of inconsistency cited
       by the Task Force include:

                       Striping methods
                       Signage along on-road facilities or off-road trails
                       Trail construction standards
                       Level of interjurisdictional coordination (application of design standards
                       across county boundaries)

”      Encourage engineers to use existing well-defined national standards for bikeway and trail
       design rather than creating different standards for each jurisdiction.

”      Designation of major trail heads and ancillary facilities/enhancements should be encouraged


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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 33
        during the planning process, not deferred until the design phase or following the trail
        implementation.


FDOT Bicycle Facilities Planning and Design Handbook
http://www.dot.state.fl.us/Safety/ped_bike/ped_bike_standards.htm


An important resource for the planning of multi-use trails can be found in the “Planning” section
of the FDOT Bicycle Facilities Planning and Design Handbook (Revised July 1999). As stated
in the handbook, “bicycle transportation planning is commonly construed as the effort
undertaken to develop complete/comprehensive bicycle facilities for transportation and
recreational activities. The resulting system is composed of multi-use trails, improved roadways,
bicycle lanes, bicycle parking, bicycle mapping, and transit links. All facilities are
interconnected and spaced closely enough to satisfy the travel needs of bicyclists.”

Thus, bicycle transportation planning is more than planning for bikeways. It is an effort that
should consider many alternatives to provide for safe and efficient bicycle travel. The Handbook
also builds upon the theme of system continuity, and points out that continuity of the bicycle
network is important for the convenience and safety of bicyclists. Providing connections to other
facilities is important when constructing bicycle facilities.

The FDOT Handbook recognizes that multi-use trails and trail connectors have a pivotal role of
augmenting the existing system by providing scenic corridors, greenways or limited access facilities.
Multi-use trails provide recreational opportunities as well as commuter routes and create
opportunities not found with on-road facilities. For example, trails are often used as a means of
forming and preserving a system of greenways throughout the community. Additionally, multi-use
trails often offer shortcuts not provided by roadways, hence making bicycles a viable alternative to
automobile use.

Recognizing FDOT’s continuing partnership with MPOs in planning for non-motorized
transportation, the following issues should be discussed among FDOT and the MPOs, not only
during Plan development, but also during Plan implementation activities. These issues include:

“       It is recommended that FDOT continue to monitor procedures used by other District Offices
        regarding the marking of bicycle lanes within their urban areas. Many FDOT districts are
        currently installing designated bicycle lanes in urban areas. Since adoption of the first
        Regional Multi-Use Trail Element in 1997, FDOT District Seven has taken a more flexible
        approach to designating and marking bicycle lanes.

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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 34
“      FDOT supports the proposal to pass Enhancement Funds directly to local governments and
       agencies. In that MPOs and local governments also desire greater flexibility in project
       production, these agencies should work cooperatively to modify the current funding process.


Facility Design

The relationship between the designation of a facility on a plan and its eventual design is frequently
tenuous. One problem is that plans are frequently silent regarding the intent of the agency as to its
design, or that plan direction is overly broad. Another, and greater problem, is that not all
contingencies can be identified during the planning process. Hence, what may appear to be
acceptable at the planning stage, may not in fact be feasible during actual design. Furthermore,
planning agencies often create their own nomenclature when classifying a type of facility or
describing its characteristics. Hence, it is no surprise that plans are often subject to considerable
interpretation during project design and implementation.

As mentioned earlier, the FDOT Bicycle Facilities Planning and Design Handbook is an
indispensable resource. A major portion of the handbook is devoted to the design of multi-use trails.
As stated in the book, “a trail offers users awareness of surrounding.” The FDOT Handbook
provides a good working definition for multi-use trails, as follows:

       Multi-use trails (paths) are facilities on exclusive rights-of-way and with minimal
       cross flow by motor vehicles. Since bicycle paths are almost always used by
       pedestrians, joggers, in-line skaters, equestrians and bicyclists, they will
       subsequently be referred to as multi-use trails. They can serve a variety of purposes.
       Appropriate locations can be identified during the planning process. They should
       be thought of as extensions of the highway system that are intended for the exclusive
       or preferential use of bicycles and pedestrians in much the same way as freeways are
       intended for the exclusive or preferential use of motor vehicles.

Pavement width for multi-use trails is a primary design consideration. Under most conditions the
minimum recommended pavement width for a two-directional multi-use trail is 12 feet. The
Handbook also recognizes that grade separations may be required when crossing freeways and other
high-speed, high-volume arterials.



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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                            Page 35
Additional regional issues that should be considered during Plan development and project design are:

“      The use of marked diamond lanes should be strongly urged in all jurisdictions. There is a
       general feeling that designated facilities have been successfully applied elsewhere with no
       liability problems, but have not been fully accepted in this area. Furthermore, it is generally
       held that once a facility is shown on a map as a bicycle facility, it should be marked
       accordingly.

“      In planning for regional bicycle facilities and trails, as high a level of design standard as
       practicable should be applied.

“      Use of drainage corridors should not be a problem. Hence, MPOs and Counties need to do
       a better job of selling this concept to both the public and local officials.




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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 36
Funding Issues

Given the requirement of SAFETEA-LU to identify reasonably available funding sources to
provide adequate revenue, funding for improvements has assumed a greater significance in the
planning process. The following issues relate to the need for additional funding to support local
and regional multi-use trail projects:

”      During the planning process, investigate the availability of all sources of funding, even
       those not traditionally associated with multi-use trail projects, including:

               Local jurisdictions considering the use of impact fees, including those for both
               transportation and recreation.

               Encouraging the provision of development credits for the preservation of linear
               open space.

”      Assure continued use of Enhancement (SE) funds for bikeway/trail projects at both the
       local and state (statewide SE funds) level.

”      Planning agencies need more local flexibility in the use of Enhancement funds.
       Additionally, a set-aside for bicycle/pedestrian project funding should be retained.

”      Planning agencies should provide accurate costs for all project phases, including:

               Capital Costs: These should consist of the full cost of construction, including the
               provision of amenities.

               Maintenance Costs:      Routine Maintenance
                                       Periodic Maintenance

”      Funding plans for routine and periodic maintenance on regional trails, such as the
       Suncoast Trail, should be developed. The MPOs and Counties should encourage state
       assistance in maintenance, perhaps through the participation of the Division of Forestry or
       through concession franchising.



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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 37
In addition, the Office of Greenways and Trails has published a Reference and Resource Guide that
is a collection of information and resources for planning and protecting of greenways and trails. This
document is also available online: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/gwt/community/refguide/default.htm
and includes a section on funding resources available for trail planning.


Funding Strategies

The multi-use trails element also considers those strategies that would assist in the implementation
of a continuous network of regional level multi-use trail facilities. These strategies include:

Federal Funding Sources

SAFETEA-LU - The Safe Accountable Flexible Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for
Users represents the current federal transportation act as authorized in August 2005. SAFETEA-LU
builds on the foundation set by ISTEA and TEA-21, supplying the funds and refining the
programmatic framework for investments needed to maintain and grow transportation infrastructure.

Recreational Trails Program (RTP) - Funds are provided to states for projects that construct,
renovate, or maintain recreational trails, trailhead and trailside facilities and the purchase of trail
construction or maintenance equipment. This program is managed by the Office of Greenways and
Trails of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection in coordination with the U.S.
Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration.

Transportation Enhancement Program (TE) - A Federal program administered by the Florida
Department of Transportation (FDOT) as part of SAFETEA-LU. These funds are intended for
projects that are related to the transportation system but go beyond what has been customarily
provided with transportation improvements. The FDOT Offices coordinate with local Metropolitan
Planning Organizations (MPOs) and County Governments to solicit new applications for both local
MPO TE and statewide TE funding programs.

Safe Routes to School Program - This federal program is designed to enable and encourage
children, including those with disabilities, to walk and bicycle to school; to make walking and
bicycling to school safe and more appealing; and to facilitate the planning, development and
implementation of projects that will improve safety, and reduce traffic, fuel consumption, and air
pollution in the vicinity of schools. These funds can be used for infrastructure related projects,

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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                           Page 38
including planning, design, and construction of projects that will substantially improve the ability
of students to walk and bicycle to school.

National Park Service (NPS) Programs - Relevant for funding to establish and develop greenways
and trails the NPS administers a Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) and an Urban Park and
Recreation Recovery Program (UPARR).

State Funding Sources

Florida Greenways and Trails Acquisition Program - This program is sponsored by the Office
of Greenways and Trails (OGT) of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Elgible
projects must be for acquisition of lands to be used for greenways and trails. The primary program
purpose is to acquire portions of land within the statewide greenways and trails system as identified
on the OGT Recreational Trails Prioritization Maps.

Florida Forever Program - The Florida Forever land acquisition program is primarily the
responsibility of the Division of State Lands. The State of Florida has protected over 500,000 acres
of land with $1.8 billion in Florida Forever funds through 2006.

Florida Communities Trust (FCT) - This program, administered by the Florida Department of
Community Affairs (DCA), provides funding for land acquisition grants for community based
projects, parks, open spaces, and natural resource protection.

Conservation and Recreational Lands (CARL) - The CARL Program acquires land to be used for
parks, recreation sites, wildlife management areas, forests, and greenways. Administered by the
Florida’s Department of Environmental Protection Division of State Lands, this program is designed
to conserve and protect unique areas, endangered species, unusual geological features, wetlands, and
significant archaeological and historical sites, which are of statewide or regional significance.

Florida Recreational Development Assistance Program (FRDAP) - FRDAP provides grants to
government entities to acquire and develop land for public outdoor recreation. Projects eligible for
FRDAP must be for either acquisition or for development of land for recreational trails. The program
is administered by Division of Recreation and Parks of the Florida Department of Environmental
Protection.



West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                         Page 39
Regional Funding Sources

Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) - The SWFMWD provides
excellent partnership oportunities and works with a variety of state and local agencies, and
greenways groups to assist in the development of state, regional, and local greenway and trail
networks. Funding provided by SWFWMD includes those administered through their Cooperative
Funding Program and their Community Education Grants Program.

Local Funding Sources

Local Government Land Acquisition Programs - Local governments may have land acquisition
and environmental protection programs that can be utilized in trail and greenway planning and
implementation efforts. Hillsborough County, for example, has the Environmental Lands Acquisition
and Protection Program (ELAPP), that is administered by the County Parks and Recreation
Department, to acquire, conserve, and protect lands that are environmentally unique, irreplaceable,
or valued ecological resources.

Capital Improvements Program - Cities and counties have Capital Improvements Programs that
can include trail and greenway projects.

Community Investment Taxes - Jurisdictions can, and have previously, dedicated voter-approved
sales tax revenues to community projects. An example of this type of funding in practice is the Penny
for Pinellas sales tax which has been used to implement such projects as the Pinellas Trail.

Community Development Block Grants - This program provides annual grants on a formula basis
to entitled cities and counties to develop viable urban communities. These grants can be used to
make sidewalk and trail connections to and through area parks. This program is administered by the
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and by the respective local government.

Local Bond Referendums - To finance major capital projects a local government can borrow, long-
term, through a general obligation bond that pledges the full faith and credit of the local government
to repay the debt. Bond financing is often used for capital projects that are beyond the scope of the
annual operating budget and for facilities that will be used for many years in the future. Citizens can
authorize, by referendum, an increase in the property tax to repay the debt on bonds.



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Congressional Earmarks - Funds can be provided directly from Congress, through appropriation
bills, for projects or programs. This allocation of funds to specific projects or programs bypasses the
typical competitive allocation process and is often the result of successful lobbying by the local
agencies and citizens.

Private Funding Sources

Private Land Trusts/Non-Profit Organizations - Private land trusts are usually non-profit
corporations comprised of a individuals who seek to protect identified land. Often private land trusts
will receive title to land and hold it for the benefit of others. Usually each land trust will have a
vision and/or mission statement, which will indicate that trust’s focus for protection. Examples can
include property that protects scenic views, trails for recreational use, agricultural lands, or riverine
habitats. It is common for land trusts to be able to accomplish their objectives faster than government
because of their ability to organize fund raising events and access private financing. Some notable
land trusts include: The Nature Conservancy, Tampa Bay Conservancy, Inc., Community Open Land
Trust, The Land Trust Alliance, and The Trust for Public Land. In addition to these land trusts, the
Audubon of Florida and 1000 Friends of Florida are non-profit organizations that are active in the
preservation and protection of natural areas.

Other Potential Funding Sources

Alternative Funding - Whenever possible, it is critical to identify the availability of public/private
funding for trails or support facilities such as trail enhancements, connectors, or trail heads.

Impact Fees (Transportation and Recreation) - The potential to use impact fees has been previously
reviewed, but no one is using impact fees for trail facilities at this time.

Tourism - The impact of a regional trail network on potential eco-tourism and economic
development should be investigated.




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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                             Page 41
Public Involvement and Education

Individual MPOs have done much to promote educational programs related to bicycle/pedestrian
safety and benefits. However, at the regional level education is not so much about teaching
individuals as much as making planners, engineers, and others in the bicycling community aware of
the need for common solutions and consistency. As with any educational endeavor, this process
should be continual. The following issues relating to education should be considered by each MPO
and County:

“      It was noted that it is generally safer for bicycles to operate on controlled (and some limited)
       access roadways than on a poorly designed arterial or collector roadway. Use of appropriate
       controlled access corridors by bicyclists/pedestrians should be encouraged as part of the
       planning process.


“      Need additional training of engineering and planning professionals in pedestrian and
       bicycle issues, particularly as related to the need for and the proper design of bicycle
       facilities within available corridors.

In general, both the public and professionals need familiarization with Florida Statutes related to
bicycling (refer to Appendix A). Furthermore, many of the regulatory issues addressed in the
Statutes impact other issue areas such as facility design (engineering) and implementation.




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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                           Page 42
Other Implementation Issues

“      In cases where a roadway alignment has been identified and right-of-way acquired, look at
       the possibility of implementing bicycle/pedestrian facilities prior to constructing a highway
       that may be in the outer years of the work program. Additionally, the feasibility of building
       interim bicycle/pedestrian facilities as an alternative strategy should be reviewed.

“      Look at the possibility of less than fee simple acquisition of right-of-way (such as
       easements), especially when developing trail connectors.

“      Continually build community support for bicycle/pedestrian programs, and for specific multi-
       use trail projects.

“      Identify regional safety issues and analyze their causes/remedies.

“      Emphasize the importance of providing effective intermodal connections, particularly for
       augmenting the use of bicycle and pedestrian modes for transportation purposes.
       Specifically, emphasize the following programs:

               Providing bicycle racks on transit vehicles (both buses and trains) and promoting
               their use.

               Planning for the development of multi-use corridors where several modes can be
               safely accommodated.

“      Liability issues regarding bicycle facility design and marking are an ongoing concern in the
       Tampa Bay Region. In general, however, it has been adequately demonstrated in other parts
       of the state and nation that providing bicycle lanes does not increase liability exposure for
       state and local jurisdictions.




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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                        Page 43
                       IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

One strategy often encountered are proposals for the joint use of rights-of-way and easements which
are pivotal when attempting to identify an acceptable multi-use trail corridor. Stronger partnerships
among transportation, environmental, public health, and other public and private groups that have
an interest in improved mobility for trail users should be established. These partnerships should be
used to collaborate to identify opportunities to develop new implementation strategies and revenues
for multi-use trail projects. The following issues are some that should be considered when laying
out strategies for plan follow-up and implementation:

“      State and local governments need to develop a working partnership with power companies.
       Progress Energy Florida is an excellent example with its participation in the Pinellas Trail
       (Progress Energy Extension), as well as Tampa Electric (TECO) in light of their part in the
       Greenways process. Apparently, many of the concerns over the harmful effects of electrical
       fields have been greatly allayed by recent studies.

“      People should be kept active at the local level regarding corridor issues. MPOs should
       clearly define the subject corridor and build local support for the funding of bicycle features,
       then educate the public and get the word out early. This strategy has been strongly supported
       by the Office of Greenways and Trails.

“      The identification and use of drainage easements should be actively pursued. Issues to be
       considered when evaluating their feasibility include limitations of use and prior agreements.

“      A one-lane hard surfaced trail would, in many cases, actually facilitate the maintenance of
       drainage or power easements.

“      Liability concerns do not stop the construction of highway projects, but frequently stop trail
       projects. There is a general consensus that liability concerns are often overstated. Usually,
       unfamiliarity with successful design applications in other areas leads to uncertainty over what
       can be safely applied in this area.




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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                           Page 44
                  REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAIL SYSTEM

The Regional Multi-Use Trail Map depicts those major facilities that would combine to form an
interconnected system of regional bicycle/pedestrian trails. Once adopted, it is the policy of the
Chairs Coordinating Committee that the map should be used as a regional and intercounty
coordination tool by each of the MPOs when formulating their own bicycle and pedestrian elements
during their LRTP updates.

Definition of Facilities

A regional multi-use trail element should identify facilities and corridors that provide for the regional
and/or intercounty movement of non-motorized vehicles. To fulfill this role, regional multi-use trails
should create functional linkages among the region’s major attractors and activity centers and the
many population centers found within the area.

The Florida Council for Greenways and Trails defines a trail as:

        Linear corridors and any adjacent support parcels on land or water providing public
        access for recreation or authorized alternative modes of transportation.

In developing a workable regional network, the CCC has determined that a multi-use trail is
classified as regional if it meets any of the following criteria:

“       Identified by the Office of Greenways and Trails as a component of the State System of
        Multi-Use Trails;

“       Connects two or more regional activity centers (attractors), as defined by the CCC;

“       Runs along an identified regional multi-modal corridor on the CCC’s Regional Long Range
        Transportation Plan;

“       Connects to an existing intermodal facility, including transit terminals and
        existing/committed park and ride lots;

“       Crosses county lines; or


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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                             Page 45
“      Is a major connector which promotes regional connectivity.

In addition, any proposed trail segment that would extend any other regional trail (existing or
proposed), along the same general alignment, is classified as regional.

Local trails, which do not meet any of the above criteria, generally serve neighborhoods. They may
also connect adjacent neighborhoods to one another or connect neighborhoods to parks, schools, or
transit routes. Local trails can also connect lakes or be contained within a single park. They typically
have a much greater degree of interaction with residential areas, commercial centers, driveways, and
cross streets than a regional trail.

Regional Attractors

An important element in the planning process is the identification of regional attractors for
bicycle/pedestrian trips. These can vary significantly from attractors for automobile or transit trip-
making. This fact is largely due to the characteristic trip purposes for bicycle and pedestrian travel,
that is, the recreational and/or scenic importance of attractors is often the main reason that persons
access these sites using non-motorized transportation. The types of attractors shown on the Multi-
Use Trail map consist of:

“      Regional Parks/Recreation Facilities - Attractors in this category consist of major local,
       county or state recreational areas containing either active or passive uses (including areas
       with particular scenic significance). Major beaches, campgrounds, and state and regional
       parks provide opportunities for regional level trip-making for both bicyclists and pedestrians.

“      Regional Activity Centers - This category of regional attractors consists of regional level
       shopping attractors, particularly business districts with greater opportunity for bicycle and
       pedestrian circulation. Other activity centers such as major school complexes, attractions,
       or areas of significant historical significance should also be considered as regional attractors.

“      Major Trail Heads - The Regional Multi-Use Trail map also identifies support facilities that
       have been or will be constructed as part of the trail facility itself. In some cases these
       facilities directly support user access to the trail, for example, parking and staging areas, rest
       facilities, picnic facilities and benches, etc. However, in other instances, these facilities have


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                             Page 46
       been expanded to include local parks, rest areas or interpretative displays for historic and/or
       natural features. During the recent review, it was concluded that trail heads are an extremely
       important component of the regional trail system. Additionally, the CCC needs to emphasize
       the intermodal character of trail heads and other regional attractors, and seek public/private
       funding for implementation of intermodal facilities. The CCC should continue the
       designation of major trail heads and ancillary facilities/enhancements on the regional map,
       and should note that trail heads and trail systems can in themselves be regional attractors.

“      Local Trail Systems - For the first time the Plan recognizes that local trail systems can in
       themselves function as a regional attractor. Often these systems have been designed to
       access major scenic or recreational facilities, as is the case with the Cypress Creek system
       in Pasco County, or combined with a scenic/recreational facility such as the Flatwoods Trail
       in Hillsborough County.

Table A, lists the major regional attractors that have been identified by the CCC. Connecting these
important natural, recreational and cultural resources is a major goal of the CCC’s Multi-Use Trail
Element.




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Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 47
Table A: Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Attractors

Map ID #       Facility                                               County
1              Crystal River Beach and County Park/Ft. Island Trail   Citrus
2              Inverness Downtown                                     Citrus
3              Withlacoochee State Forest - Mutual Mine               Citrus
4              Withlacoochee Trail Head at Cross Florida Trail        Citrus
5              Floral City                                            Citrus
6              Lake Townsend Regional Park and Nobleton               Hernando
7              Suncoast Trail Head at US 98                           Hernando
8              Suncoast Trail at SR 50                                Hernando
9              Anderson Snow Regional Park                            Hernando
10             Downtown Brooksville                                   Hernando
11             Withlacoochee Trail Head at SR 50                      Hernando
12             Withlacoochee Trail Head at Trilby                     Pasco
13             Aripeka                                                Pasco
14             Suncoast Trail Head/Crews Lake Park                    Pasco
15             Suncoast Trail Head/Concourse Nature Center            Pasco
16             Dade City Downtown                                     Pasco
17             Cypress Creek Wellfield                                Pasco
18             J. B. Starkey Wilderness Park                          Pasco
19             Suncoast Trail Head                                    Pasco
20             Suncoast Trail Head                                    Hillsborough
21             Anclote River Park/Anclote Gulf/Key Vista              Pasco
22             John Chesnut, Sr. Park                                 Pinellas
23             Honeymoon Island State Park                            Pinellas
24             Clearwater Beach                                       Pinellas
25             Phillippe Park                                         Pinellas
26             Weedon Island State Park                               Pinellas
27             War Veterans Park                                      Pinellas
28             Downtown St. Petersburg/The Pier                       Pinellas
29             Skyway Fishing Piers                                   Pinellas
30             Fort DeSoto Park                                       Pinellas
31             Upper Tampa Bay Park                                   Hillsborough
32             Trout Creek Park                                       Hillsborough
33             Flatwoods Park                                         Hillsborough
34             Hillsborough River State Park                          Hillsborough
35             John B Sargeant Park                                   Hillsborough
36             Downtown Tampa                                         Hillsborough
37             Bayshore Boulevard                                     Hillsborough
38             Picnic Island                                          Hillsborough
39             Medard Park                                            Hillsborough
40             New State Park                                         Pasco
41             Little Manatee Preserve                                Hillsborough
42             Boyette Scrub Mountain Biking Trails                   Hillsborough
43             Lowry Park Zoo                                         Hillsborough


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                 Page 48
44             Cypress Point Park                        Hillsborough
45             McKay Bay Nature Park                     Hillsborough
46             Friendship Trail Bridge                   Hillsborough
47             Courtney Campbell Causeway                Hillsborough
48             Tampa Riverwalk                           Hillsborough
49             Two Mile Prairie                          Citrus
50             Polk City Trailhead                       Polk
51             Green Pond Road Trailhead                 Polk
52             Auburndale Trail Trailhead                Polk
53             Ft. Fraser Trailhead - Highland City      Polk
54             Lake Hollingsworth Trail Trailhead        Polk
55             Peterson Park Trailhead                   Polk
56             Chain of Lakes Trailhead                  Polk
57             Green Swamp Wildlife Management Area      Polk
58             Tenoroc Fish Management Area              Polk
59             Circle-B-Bar Reserve                      Polk
60             Carter Road Park                          Polk
61             Lake Wales Ridge State Forest             Polk
62             Crooked Lake Prairie                      Polk
63             Lake Kissimmee State Park                 Polk
64             Colt Creek State Park                     Polk
65             Emerson Point Preserve                    Manatee
66             Rye Preserve                              Manatee
67             Lake Manatee State Park                   Manatee
68             Duette Preserve                           Manatee
69             Riverview Pointe                          Manatee
70             Robinson Preserve (Future)                Manatee
71             Neal Preserve (Future)                    Manatee
72             Perico Island Preserve (Future)           Manatee
73             Coquina Beach                             Manatee
74             Leffis Key                                Manatee
75             Crosley Mansion                           Manatee
76             Moody Branch Mitigation Park              Manatee
77             Manatee County Agricultural Museum        Manatee
78             DeSoto National Memorial                  Manatee
79             Anna Maria Island City Pier               Manatee
80             Anna Maria Island Rod & Reel Pier         Manatee
81             Holmes Beach Grassy Point                 Manatee
82             Holmes Beach Bridge Street & Pier         Manatee
83             Longboat Key Joan M Durant Park           Manatee
84             Gamble Mansion Historic Site              Manatee
85             Myakka River State Park                   Manatee
86             Parrish Railroad Museum                   Manatee
87             Manasota Beach                            Sarasota
88             Casperson Beach                           Sarasota
89             Bicentennial Park                         Sarasota
90             Bayfront Park Recreation Center           Sarasota

West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                    Page 49
91             Shamrock Park and Nature Center           Sarasota
92             Lemon Bay Preserve                        Sarasota
93             Manasota Scrub Preserve                   Sarasota
94             Snook Haven                               Sarasota
95             T. Mabry Carlton Memorial Reserve         Sarasota
96             Myakkahatchee Park                        Sarasota
97             Myakka River State Park                   Sarasota
98             Knight Trail Park                         Sarasota
99             St. Armands Circle Park                   Sarasota
100            Stoneybrook Nature Trail                  Sarasota
101            Historical Venice Train Depot             Sarasota
102            Patriots Park at Venetia Bay              Sarasota
103            Historic Spanish Oaks                     Sarasota
104            Osprey Fishing Pier                       Sarasota
105            Oscar Scherer State Park                  Sarasota




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                Page 50
Figure 1: Regional Multi-Use Trail Map

The Regional Multi-Use Trail Map represents the regional trail facilities as identified by the Multi-
Use Trails Committee and approved by the CCC. The trails are depicted on the map based on the
following legend categories that reflect their individual planning and funding status:

“      Existing Trail - This category includes all regional trail facilities that have been constructed
       and are currently in use.

“      Planned - Funded Trail - This category includes all regional trails that are in an adopted
       plan and are funded within a 5-year work program.

“      Planned - Unfunded-Partially Funded Trail - This category includes all regional trails that
       are in an adopted plan, but are not funded, or are partially funded, within a 5-year work
       program.

“      Conceptual Trail - This category represents unfunded trails that have not been placed in an
       adopted plan.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                           Page 51
West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007     Page 52
Table B: List of Regional Trail Facilities


                       TRAIL NAME                             DESCRIPTION
             Citrus County Trails
             Cross Florida Trail                   Conceptual

             Crystal Beach Trail                   Existing

             Suncoast Trail                        Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Withlacoochee Bay Trail               Existing

             Withlacoochee State Trail             Existing

             Hernando County Trails
             Chassahowizka Trail                   Existing

             Coastal Trail                         Existing & Planned/Unfunded

             Good Neighbor Trail                   Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Suncoast Trail                        Existing

             Withlacoochee State Trail             Existing

             Hillsborough County Trails
             Bayshore Boulevard                    Existing & Planned

             Bearss Avenue Trail                   Conceptual

             Boy Scout Road                        Conceptual

             Bruce B Downs Trail                   Existing

             Courtney Campbell Causeway Trail      Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Ehrlich Road                          Conceptual

             Flatwoods Trail                       Existing

             Friendship Trail                      Existing

             Hillsborough River Greenway           Conceptual

             Tampa Bypass Canal Trail              Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Linebaugh Avenue                      Existing

             MacDill/Picnic Island Trail           Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Manhattan Avenue Trail                Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Morris Bridge Trail                   Existing


West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                   Page 53
                       TRAIL NAME                               DESCRIPTION
             Plant City Connector                    Conceptual

             Old Fort King Trail                     Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Cross County Greenway                   Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             South Coast Greenway                    Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Upper Tampa Bay Trail                   Existing & Planned

             Manatee County Trails
             Willow-Ellenton Trail                   Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Gateway-Greenway Trail                  Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Duette-Myakka Trail                     Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Emerson Point Trail                     Existing & Planned

             Pinellas County Trails
             Bayway Trail                            Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Clearwater Beach Trail                  Existing & Planned

             Courtney Campbell Causeway Trail        Existing & Planned

             Elfers Spur                             Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Pinellas Trail (Progress Energy Ext.)   Planned/Funded & Unfunded

             Friendship Trail                        Existing & Planned

             Fort DeSoto Trail                       Existing

             Honeymoon Island Trail                  Existing

             Pinellas Trail                          Existing

             Pinellas Trail Extension                Planned/Funded

             Skyway Trail                            Existing

             North Bay Trail                         Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Pasco County Trails
             Bi-County Trail                         Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Cypress Creek Trail                     Existing

             Dade City (CR 41) Trail                 Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Elfers Spur                             Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded



West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                     Page 54
                       TRAIL NAME                             DESCRIPTION
             Green Swamp Trail                     Existing

             Hardy Trail                           Existing

             Meadow Pointe Trail                   Existing

             Morris Bridge (CR 579) Trail          Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Port Richey Trail                     Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Pinellas Trail Connector              Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Ridge Road Extension Trail            Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Ridge Road West Trail                 Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Starkey Road Trail                    Existing

             Starkey Wilderness Park Trail         Existing

             Sumner/River Road Trail               Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Suncoast Trail                        Existing

             US 301 (Zephyrhills East) Trail       Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             West Pasco Trail                      Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Withlacoochee State Trail             Existing

             Zephyrhills West Trail                Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Zephyrhills East Trail                Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Zephyrhills Depot Trail               Existing

             Polk County Trails
             Auburndale TECO Trail                 Existing

             Bartow-Lake Wales Trail               Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Florida National Scenic Trail         Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Fort Fraser Trail                     Existing

             Lake Alfred-Winter Haven Trail        Existing & Planned/Unfunded

             Lake Wales Trail                      Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Peace River Greenway                  Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Van Fleet Trail                       Existing




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                   Page 55
                      TRAIL NAME                              DESCRIPTION
             Sarasota County Trails
             Carlton/Myakkahatchee Trail           Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             The Legacy Trail                      Planned/Funded

             Longboat Key Trail                    Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded

             Myakka River Trail                    Existing

             Taylor Ranch Englewood Trail          Planned/Unfunded-Partially Funded


Note: This list of regional trail facilities is not comprehensive. For the most up-to-date regional
trail facilities please refer to the Regional Multi-Use Trail Map.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                          Page 56
Regional Trail Prioritization

During early 2006, the CCC Regional Multi-Use Trail Committee developed a set of criteria for
prioritizing multi-use trail projects. The criteria states that prioritized projects must be depicted on
the Regional Multi-Use Trail Map (as adopted by the CCC), must benefit regional connectivity and
bicycle/pedestrian mobility, and must be clearly identified as to the type of improvement (including
cost estimates). This criteria was reviewed and then used to score projects. The breakdown of the
scoring criteria is shown below. The projects as they were scored and then ranked are located in
Appendix C. Additionally, all priority trails are depicted in yellow on the Regional Multi-Use Trail
Map (page 52). The final list of ranked and unranked priority projects was based on the technical
criteria and was reviewed by the Staff Directors prior to being approved by the CCC on June 9, 2006.


                                      Criteria                              Weight / Point
         Connectivity to Existing Trails                                            5

         Intra-County Trail Connectivity                                            1

         SIS / Emerging SIS Corridors and/or Hubs                                   1

         Connectivity to Regional Attractors

                    Regional Parks / Recreational Facilities                       0.5

                    Colleges / Universities                                        0.5

                    Malls / Shopping Districts                                     0.5

                    Intermodal Centers                                             0.5

                    Recognized Preserve Areas / Proximity to water                 0.5

                    Entertainment / Sports / Historic Districts                    0.5

         Stage of Development (Completed)

                    PD&E                                                            1

                    Preliminary Engineering                                         1

                    Right-of-Way                                                    1

                    Construction                                                    1

         Listed on OGT Guide                                                        1

         Listed on National Trail System Guide                                      1




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                            Page 57
RECOMMENDATIONS

The CCC is making the following recommendations for coordinating and implementing
a Regional Multi-Use Trail System for the Tampa Bay area.

“      The CCC should support development of a regionally coordinated network of
       pedestrian and bicycle facilities by incorporating recommendations contained in
       the Regional Multi-Use Trail Element in adopted MPO LRTPs.

“      The CCC should continue to support regional bicycle and pedestrian planning
       processes through the efforts of the Regional Multi-Use Trails Committee.

“      The CCC should continue to actively seek additional funding to implement
       facilities that will promote regional continuity.

“      The CCC should support efforts to increase public and private awareness of the
       need to develop a continuous trail network in the Tampa Bay area. Efforts will
       promote the economic and tourism benefits of the system.

“      The CCC should continue to support the development of technical tools that
       enhance planning for regional bicycle/pedestrian facilities. Of particular note is
       the coordinated development of a geographic information system to be
       accessible by interested parties.

“      The CCC should expand its coordination efforts with other agencies, jurisdictions
       and groups having responsibilities for the planning and implementation of trail
       facilities. Specifically, additional engagement of SWFWMD, the Florida
       Greenways Council and the Florida Division of Forestry should be pursued in the
       regional planning process.




West Central Florida MPO Chairs Coordinating Committee
Regional Multi-Use Trail Element - December 14, 2007                                 Page 58
             APPENDIX A

FLORIDA STATUTES RELATED TO BICYCLES
             FLORIDA STATUTES RELATED TO BICYCLES
316.2065 Bicycle regulations.--

(1)    Every person propelling a vehicle by human power has all of the rights and all of the
       duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle under this chapter, except as to special
       regulations in this chapter, and except as to provisions of this chapter which by their
       nature can have no application.

(2)    A person operating a bicycle may not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and
       regular seat attached thereto.

(3)    (a)    A bicycle may not be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for
              which it is designed or equipped, except that an adult rider may carry a child
              securely attached to his or her person in a backpack or sling.

       (b)    Except as provided in paragraph (a), a bicycle rider must carry any passenger who
              is a child under 4 years of age, or who weighs 40 pounds or less, in a seat or
              carrier that is designed to carry a child of that age or size and that secures and
              protects the child from the moving parts of the bicycle.

       (c)    A bicycle rider may not allow a passenger to remain in a child seat or carrier on a
              bicycle when the rider is not in immediate control of the bicycle.

       (d)    A bicycle rider or passenger who is under 16 years of age must wear a bicycle
              helmet that is properly fitted and is fastened securely upon the passenger's head by
              a strap, and that meets the standards of the American National Standards Institute
              (ANSI Z 90.4 Bicycle Helmet Standards), the standards of the Snell Memorial
              Foundation (1984 Standard for Protective Headgear for Use in Bicycling), or any
              other nationally recognized standards for bicycle helmets adopted by the
              department. As used in this subsection, the term "passenger" includes a child who
              is riding in a trailer or semitrailer attached to a bicycle.

       (e)    Law enforcement officers and school crossing guards may issue a bicycle safety
              brochure and a verbal warning to a bicycle rider or passenger who violates this
              subsection. A bicycle rider or passenger who violates this subsection may be
              issued a citation by a law enforcement officer and assessed a fine for a pedestrian
              violation, as provided in s. 318.18. The court shall dismiss the charge against a
              bicycle rider or passenger for a first violation of paragraph (d) upon proof of
              purchase of a bicycle helmet that complies with this subsection.

(4)    No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or toy vehicle may attach
       the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway. This subsection does not

                                                A-1
      prohibit attaching a bicycle trailer or bicycle semitrailer to a bicycle if that trailer or
      semitrailer is commercially available and has been designed for such attachment.

(5)   (a)     Any person operating a bicycle upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of
              traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as
              close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under
              any of the following situations:

              1.      When overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding in the
                      same direction.

              2.      When preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or
                      driveway.

              3.      When reasonably necessary to avoid any condition, including, but not
                      limited to, a fixed or moving object, parked or moving vehicle, bicycle,
                      pedestrian, animal, surface hazard, or substandard-width lane, that makes
                      it unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge. For the purposes of
                      this subsection, a "substandard-width lane" is a lane that is too narrow for
                      a bicycle and another vehicle to travel safely side by side within the lane.

      (b)     Any person operating a bicycle upon a one-way highway with two or more
              marked traffic lanes may ride as near the left-hand curb or edge of such roadway
              as practicable.

(6)   Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway may not ride more than two abreast except on
      paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles. Persons riding two
      abreast may not impede traffic when traveling at less than the normal speed of traffic at
      the time and place and under the conditions then existing and shall ride within a single
      lane.

(7)   Any person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand upon the handlebars.

(8)   Every bicycle in use between sunset and sunrise shall be equipped with a lamp on the
      front exhibiting a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and a
      lamp and reflector on the rear each exhibiting a red light visible from a distance of 600
      feet to the rear. A bicycle or its rider may be equipped with lights or reflectors in addition
      to those required by this section.

(9)   No parent of any minor child and no guardian of any minor ward may authorize or
      knowingly permit any such minor child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this
      section.



                                                A-2
(10)   A person propelling a vehicle by human power upon and along a sidewalk, or across a
       roadway upon and along a crosswalk, has all the rights and duties applicable to a
       pedestrian under the same circumstances.

(11)   A person propelling a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk, or across a roadway upon and
       along a crosswalk, shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible
       signal before overtaking and passing such pedestrian.

(12)   No person upon roller skates, or riding in or by means of any coaster, toy vehicle, or
       similar device, may go upon any roadway except while crossing a street on a crosswalk;
       and, when so crossing, such person shall be granted all rights and shall be subject to all of
       the duties applicable to pedestrians.

(13)   This section shall not apply upon any street while set aside as a play street authorized
       herein or as designated by state, county, or municipal authority.

(14)   Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its rider to stop
       the bicycle within 25 feet from a speed of 10 miles per hour on dry, level, clean
       pavement.

(15)   A person engaged in the business of selling bicycles at retail shall not sell any bicycle
       unless the bicycle has an identifying number permanently stamped or cast on its frame.

(16)   (a)    A person may not knowingly rent or lease any bicycle to be ridden by a child who
              is under the age of 16 years unless:

              1.      The child possesses a bicycle helmet; or

              2.      The lessor provides a bicycle helmet for the child to wear.

       (b)    A violation of this subsection is a nonmoving violation, punishable as provided in
              s. 318.18.

(17)   The court may waive, reduce, or suspend payment of any fine imposed under subsection
       (3) or subsection (16) and may impose any other conditions on the waiver, reduction, or
       suspension. If the court finds that a person does not have sufficient funds to pay the fine,
       the court may require the performance of a specified number of hours of community
       service or attendance at a safety seminar.

(18)   Notwithstanding s. 318.21, all proceeds collected pursuant to s. 318.18 for violations
       under paragraphs (3)(e) and (16)(b) shall be deposited into the State Transportation Trust
       Fund.



                                               A-3
(19)   The failure of a person to wear a bicycle helmet or the failure of a parent or guardian to
       prevent a child from riding a bicycle without a bicycle helmet may not be considered
       evidence of negligence or contributory negligence.

(20)   Except as otherwise provided in this section, a violation of this section is a noncriminal
       traffic infraction, punishable as a pedestrian violation as provided in chapter 318. A law
       enforcement officer may issue traffic citations for a violation of subsection (3) or
       subsection (16) only if the violation occurs on a bicycle path or road, as defined in s.
       334.03. However, they may not issue citations to persons on private property, except any
       part thereof which is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic.

History.--s. 1, ch. 71-135; s. 1, ch. 76-31; s. 2, ch. 76-286; s. 1, ch. 78-353; s. 8, ch. 83-68; s. 5,
ch. 85-309; s. 1, ch. 86-23; s. 7, ch. 87-161; s. 21, ch. 94-306; s. 899, ch. 95-148; s. 1, ch. 96-185;
s. 2, ch. 97-300; s. 161, ch. 99-248.

Note.--Former s. 316.111.

335.065 Bicycle and pedestrian ways along state roads and transportation facilities.--

(1)    (a)     Bicycle and pedestrian ways shall be given full consideration in the planning and
               development of transportation facilities, including the incorporation of such ways
               into state, regional, and local transportation plans and programs. Bicycle and
               pedestrian ways shall be established in conjunction with the construction,
               reconstruction, or other change of any state transportation facility, and special
               emphasis shall be given to projects in or within 1 mile of an urban area.

       (b)     Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a), bicycle and pedestrian ways are
               not required to be established:

               1.      Where their establishment would be contrary to public safety;

               2.      When the cost would be excessively disproportionate to the need or
                       probable use;

               3.      Where other available means or factors indicate an absence of need.

(2)    The department shall establish construction standards and a uniform system of signing for
       bicycle and pedestrian ways.

(3)    The department, in cooperation with the Department of Environmental Protection, shall
       establish a statewide integrated system of bicycle and pedestrian ways in such a manner
       as to take full advantage of any such ways which are maintained by any governmental
       entity. For the purposes of this section, bicycle facilities may be established as part of or


                                                 A-4
        separate from the actual roadway and may utilize existing road rights-of-way or other
        rights-of-way or easements acquired for public use.

History.--ss. 1, 2, 4, 5, ch. 73-339; s. 5, ch. 84-284; s. 38, ch. 84-309; s. 26, ch. 85-180; s. 163,
ch. 94-356.

335.066 Safe Paths to Schools Program.--

(1)     There is established in the Department of Transportation the Safe Paths to Schools
        Program to consider the planning and construction of bicycle and pedestrian ways to
        provide safe transportation for children from neighborhoods to schools, parks, and the
        state's greenways and trails system.

(2)     As a part of the Safe Paths to Schools Program, the department may establish a grant
        program to fund local, regional, and state bicycle and pedestrian projects that support the
        program.

(3)     The department may adopt appropriate rules pursuant to ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54 for the
        administration of the Safe Paths to Schools Program.

History.--s. 1, ch. 2002-250.

335.067 Conserve by Bicycle Program.--There is created within the Department of
Transportation the Conserve by Bicycle Program.

(1)     The purposes of the Conserve by Bicycle Program are to:

        (a)     Save energy by increasing the number of miles ridden on bicycles, thereby
                reducing the usage of petroleum-based fuels.

        (b)     Increase efficiency of cycling as a transportation mode by improving
                interconnectivity.

        (c)     Reduce traffic congestion on existing roads.

        (d)     Provide recreational opportunities for Florida residents and visitors.

        (e)     Provide healthy alternatives to help reduce the trend toward obesity and reduce
                long-term health costs.

        (f)     Provide safe ways for children to travel from their homes to their schools by
                supporting the Safe Paths to Schools Program.



                                                  A-5
(2)    In order to help accomplish these goals, the department shall conduct a Conserve by
       Bicycle study, which shall include a determination of the following:

       (a)     Where energy savings can be realized when more and safer bicycle facilities, such
               as bicycle paths, bicycle lanes, and other safe locations for bicycle use, are created
               that reduce the use of motor vehicles in the area.

       (b)     Where the use of education and marketing programs can convert motor vehicle
               trips into bicycle trips.

       (c)     How and under what circumstances the construction of bicycling facilities can
               provide more opportunities for recreation and how exercise can lead to a reduction
               of health risks associated with a sedentary lifestyle.

       (d)     How the Safe Paths to Schools Program and other similar programs can reduce
               school-related commuter traffic, which will result in energy and roadway savings
               as well as improve the health of children throughout the state.

       (e)     How partnerships can be created among interested parties in the fields of
               transportation, law enforcement, education, public health, environmental
               restoration and conservation, and energy conservation to achieve a better
               possibility of success for the program.

(3)    The study shall produce measurable criteria that can be used by the department to
       determine where and under what circumstances the construction of bicycling facilities
       will reduce energy consumption and the need for and cost of roadway capacity, as well as
       realizing the associated health benefits.

(4)    The department shall conduct the study with the assistance of the State Pedestrian/Bicycle
       Coordinator, metropolitan planning organizations, the Office of Greenways and Trails
       within the Department of Environmental Protection, and the Department of Health.

(5)    By July 1, 2007, if sufficient funds are available in the department's budget or from the
       Federal Government, the study shall be completed and shall be submitted to the
       Governor, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the
       Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Environmental Protection, and the 1State
       Surgeon General.

History.--s. 11, ch. 2005-87.

Note.--Chapter 2007-40 redesignated the Secretary of Health as the State Surgeon General.




                                                A-6
      APPENDIX B

REGIONAL TRAIL PROFILES
                                                           Facility:      Friendship TrailBridge
                                                           Location:      Hillsborough and
                                                                          Pinellas Counties

                                                           Status:        Existing
                                                           Type:          Paved
                                                           Fee:           None
                                                           Length:        2.6 miles
                                                           Amenities:     Fishing catwalks,
                                                                          restrooms
                                                           Width:         24 feet




Connectivity: Planned to connect with the Pinellas Trail - Progress Energy Extension and with
Bayshore Boulevard in Tampa.

Trailheads and Access (south to north): The Friendship TrailBridge can be easily accessed from
either the Pinellas or Hillsborough side of the bridge.

Major Activities: Biking, running, skating, fishing, and walking.

Brief Description/Background: Located over Tampa Bay, the "old" Gandy Bridge was renovated
from a traffic-bearing bridge to become a recreation trail at 2.6 miles long - 13,770.5 ft. This
bridge was saved from the wrecking ball when Pinellas County and Hillsborough County
responded to a "Save the Gandy" bridge campaign by citizens" by assuming ownership from the
state.

The "old" Gandy Bridge is now renamed "Friendship TrailBridge" and links Tampa and Pinellas
County over Tampa Bay, a national estuary. It is a unique venue for bicyclists, in-line skaters,
runners, joggers, fishermen and persons with disabilities. Existing catwalks for fishermen were
also enhanced from this recent project upgrade.

Contact Information: Pinellas County Parks and Recreation Department
                     631 Chestnut Street
                     Clearwater, Florida 33756
                     727-464-3347
                     http://www.pinellascounty.org/park/default.htm




                                                B-1
B-2
                                                               Facility:        Gen. James A. Van
                                                                                Fleet State Trail
                                                               Location:        Polk, Lake, and
                                                                                Sumter Counties

                                                               Status:          Existing
                                                               Type:            Paved
                                                               Fee:             None
                                                               Length:          29.2 miles
                                                               Width:           12 feet
                                                               Amenities:       Restrooms, picnic
                                                                                areas, parking




Connectivity: The Van Fleet Trail is planned to connect with the Auburndale-TECO Trail as well
as with the Florida National Scenic Trail Corridor in northern Polk County.

Trailheads and Access: Mabel Trailhead: From Clermont, take SR 50 west to the trailhead
approximately 5 miles west of the intersection with CR 565/Bay Lake Road.

Bay Lake Trailhead: From Clermont, take SR 50 west to CR 565/Bay Lake Road. Turn left
(heading south) and follow the road until you reach the trailhead on the left at the intersection with
the trail.

Green Pond Road Trailhead: From Clermont, take SR 50 west to SR 33. Turn left (heading south)
and follow SR 33 until you reach Green Pond Road. Take a right (heading west) and continue until
you reach the trailhead. From Lakeland, take Interstate 4 East to Exit 20 (new Exit 38) for SR 33.
Follow SR 33 through Polk City and north to the intersection with Green Pond Rd. Turn left
(heading west) and continue until you reach the trailhead.

Polk City Trailhead: From Lakeland, take Interstate 4 East to Exit 20 (new Exit 38) for SR 33.
Follow SR 33 into Polk City and look for trailhead at intersection with CR 665.

Major Activities: Biking, skating, walking, wheelchair, equestrian, and hiking

Brief Description/Background: This rail-to-trail is one of Florida’s most rural. It runs through the
Green Swamp, the headwaters for some of Florida’s most canoed rivers, the Withlacoochee
(South), Hillsborough, and Peace. It runs from Mabel in Sumter County, through Lake County, to
Polk City in Polk County.

Contact Information: General James A. Van Fleet State Trail
                     Mascotte, Florida 34753
                     (352) 394-2280
                     http://www.FloridaGreenwaysAndTrails.com


                                                  B-3
B-4
                                                         Facility:      Hardy Trail
                                                         Location:      Pasco County

                                                         Status:        Existing
                                                         Type:          Paved
                                                         Fee:           None
                                                         Length:        1 mile
                                                         Width:         12 Feet
                                                         Amenities:




Connectivity: This trail can be accessed from 8th Street in Dade City to Fairfield Lane in Dade
City. It is anticipated to someday connect to the Withlacoochee State Trail in the Trilby area north
of Dade City.

Trailheads and Access (south to north): No trailheads are located along this trail.

Major Activities: Biking, walking, and wheelchair

Brief Description/Background: This project was first known as Dade City Rails to Trails as it
was constructed in the location of an abandoned Seaboard Coastline Railroad corridor.
Construction began in October 2006 and was completed in January 2007. The trail was funded
with enhancement funds awarded by the Pasco County MPO. The City of Dade City named it the
“Hardy Trail” to honor outstanding community leader Roy T. Hardy.

Contact Information: City of Dade City
                     Public Works
                     38020 Meridian Avenue
                     Dade City, FL 33525
                     352-523-5050




                                                 B-5
B-6
                                                             Facility:     Meadow Pointe
                                                                           Boulevard Trail
                                                             Location:     Pasco County

                                                            Status:        Existing
                                                            Type:          Paved
                                                            Fee:           None
                                                            Length:        5 miles
                                                            Width:         12 Feet
                                                            Amenities:




Connectivity: This trail can be accessed from the SR 54/Meadow Pointe Blvd intersection to the
north and Meadow Pointe Blvd/Beardsley Drive to the south. The trail can be accessed by
residents of northern-central Hillsborough County in the Meadow Pointe subdivision area and the
Wesley Chapel area in Pasco County. It is anticipated that this trail be extended into Hillsborough
County to connect to the future trail along Morris Bridge Road with capability to access
Wilderness Park in Hillsborough County.

Trailheads and Access (south to north): There are no trailheads along this trail. The trail can be
accessed from Meadow Pointe Blvd/SR 54 to the north of the Wesley Chapel area to Meadow
Pointe Blvd/Beardsley Drive intersection to the south (Pasco/Hillsborough County line) serving
both Pasco and Hillsborough Counties.

Major Activities: Biking, walking, and wheelchair

Brief Description/Background: Pasco County requested the developer, as part of their plans for
residential communities, to construct a trail along Meadow Pointe Blvd. With the trail now being
fully constructed, many of the subdivisions being built along Meadow Pointe Blvd have access to
the 5 mile stretch of trail.

Contact Information: Pasco County Parks & Recreation Department
                     4111 Land O Lake Blvd, Suite 202
                     Land O Lakes, FL 34639
                     813-929-1260
                     http://www.pascocountyfl.net/pubser/deptp/parks.html




                                                 B-7
B-8
                                                            Facility:      Pinellas Trail
                                                            Location:      Pinellas County

                                                            Status:        Existing
                                                            Type:          Paved
                                                            Fee:           None
                                                            Length:        34 miles
                                                            Width:         15 feet
                                                            Amenities:     Refreshment stops,
                                                                           bike racks




Connectivity: Planned to connect with the Progress Energy Extension, the Courtney Campbell
Trail, the North Bay Trail, the Skyway Trail, the Bayway Trail and the Friendship Trail.

Trailheads and Access (south to north): The Pinellas Trail can be easily accessed from
numerous points throughout the county due to its overall urban surroundings. Common origins and
destinations along the trail include:
       The City of Tarpon Springs
       The City of Dunedin
       The City of Clearwater
       The City of Largo
       The City of Seminole
       The City of St Petersburg

Major Activities: Biking, skating, walking, wheelchair, and hiking

Brief Description/Background: In 1990, the first five-mile section of the Pinellas Trail opened,
connecting Taylor Park in Largo to Seminole Park in Seminole. With the passage of the first Penny
for Pinellas one-cent local option sales tax, plans were put into motion to connect the County, from
north to south, with a continuous Trail.
Now, an average of 90,000 persons use the completed 34-mile Pinellas Trail each month. The Trail
is a unique greenway corridor linking some of Pinellas County’s most picturesque parks, scenic
coastal areas and residential neighborhoods. While traveling along the Trail, outdoor enthusiasts
can enjoy deep glades of ancient live oaks trailing Spanish moss, quiet waterways and tidal
streams with all varieties of land and water birds. The Trail is a priceless haven in a busy, highly
urbanized environment, where trail-goers safely breeze along. The construction of eight overpasses
allow users to travel above traffic at busy intersections.

Contact Information: Pinellas County Planning Department
                     600 Cleveland Street, Suite 750
                     Clearwater, FL 33755
                     727-464-8200
                     www.pinellascounty.org
                     http://www.pinellascounty.org/trailgd/default.htm

                                                 B-9
B-10
                                                            Facility:      Starkey Wilderness Park
                                                                           Trail Connection
                                                            Location:      Pasco County

                                                            Status:        Existing
                                                            Type:          Paved
                                                            Fee:           None
                                                            Length:        6.2 miles
                                                            Width:         12 feet
                                                            Amenities:




Connectivity: This 6.2 mile trail connects the Starkey Trail (along Starkey Road) to the Suncoast
Trail.

Trailheads and Access (south to north):
Starkey Wilderness Park and several trailheads along the Suncoast Trail can now be accessed from
Hillsborough County to the south, Hernando County to the north, and West Pasco County to the
west.

Major Activities: Biking, walking, hiking, and wheelchair

Brief Description/Background: In 2005, Pasco County constructed this 6.2 mile Starkey Park
Trail Connection, connecting the Suncoast Trail to the Starkey Road Trail. This connection has
enabled users to access the Suncoast Trail as well as enjoy the Starkey Wilderness Park and all of
its amenities such as rest rooms, camping facilities, and hiking trails.

Contact Information: Pasco County Parks & Recreation Department
                     4111 Land O Lakes Blvd, Suite 202
                     Land O Lakes, FL 34639
                     813-929-1260
                     http://www.pascocountyfl.net/pubser/deptp/parks.html




                                                B-11
B-12
                                                         Facility:      Suncoast Trail
                                                         Location:      Hillsborough, Pasco, &
                                                                        Hernando Counties

                                                         Status:        Existing
                                                         Type:          Paved
                                                         Fee:           None
                                                         Length:        42 miles
                                                         Width:         12 feet
                                                         Amenities:     Restrooms, picnic areas,
                                                                        interpretive areas,
                                                                        parking


Connectivity: Planned to connect with the Upper Tampa Bay Trail, the Good Neighbor Trail, and
the Pinellas Trail.

Trailheads and Access (south to north):
Lutz Lake Fern Rd, just west of the Suncoast Parkway
State Road 54, just west of the Suncoast Parkway
State Road 52/Concourse Nature Center, about 0.5 miles west of the Suncoast Parkway
Crews Lake Park, 16739 Crews Lake Dr (off Shady Hills Rd)
Anderson Snow Regional Park/Sports Complex, 1360 Anderson Snow Rd (off County Line Rd)
State Road 50, High Field Rd (off of Grove Rd)
US 98, just west of the Suncoast Parkway

Major Activities: Biking, skating, walking, wheelchair, and hiking

Brief Description/Background: The Suncoast Trail opened in 2001 and was developed as part of
the Suncoast Parkway project. The trail begins in Hillsborough County and proceeds north parallel
to the Parkway through Pasco and Hernando Counties. The over forty mile trail traverses
suburban, agricultural, and natural areas and crosses both the Anclote and Pithlachascotee Rivers.

Contact Information: Hillsborough County Parks, Recreation and Conservation Department
                     Channel Park Trailhead
                     9201 W. Waters Ave., Tampa, FL 33635
                     Trail Info: 813-801-6729
                     www.hillsboroughcounty.org/parks

                        Pasco County Parks and Recreation Department
                        4111 Land O’Lakes Blvd, Suite 202, Land O’Lakes, FL 34639-4402
                        813-929-1260
                        http://gov.pascocounty.com/pubser/deptp/parks.html

                        Hernando County Parks and Recreation Department
                        20 N Main St, Room 260, Brooksville, FL 34601
                        Parks: 352-754-4027
                        Recreation: 352-754-4031
                        www.co.hernando.fl.us/parks_rec/index.htm
                                              B-13
B-14
                                                Facility:      Upper Tampa Bay Trail
                                                Location:      Hillsborough County

                                                Status:        Existing
                                                Type:          Paved
                                                Fee:           None
                                                Length:        8 miles
                                                Width:         15 feet
                                                Amenities:     Cold water, restrooms, parking




Connectivity: Planned to connect to the Suncoast Trail and the Pinellas Trail.

Trailheads and Access (south to north):
Memorial Trailhead, 7499 Montaque St.
Channel Park Trailhead, 9201 W. Water Ave.
Wilsky Boulevard Trailhead, 10314 Wilsky Blvd.
Ehrlich Conservation Office, 7508 Ehrlich Rd.
Peterson Park, 8203 Peterson Rd. and Rails Rd.

Major Activities: Biking, skating, walking, jogging, equestrian, fishing, and canoe/kayak.

Brief Description/Background: The Upper Tampa Bay Trail is located in the residential
northwest area of Hillsborough County. The trail runs along the west shore of Channel A from a
trailhead off Memorial Highway/Montaque Street where a full-serve major trailhead and trail
maintenance facility are located at Channel Park, past Waters Avenue, Linebaugh Avenue and then
follows an abandoned railroad corridor north to Gunn Highway, Ehrlich Road and ending at
Peterson Road Park. The current 7.25 miles make up the first three phases of a four-phase project.
Eventually the Upper Tampa Bay Trail will extend seven to eight more miles connecting to the 42-
mile Suncoast Trail.

Contact Information: Channel Park
                     9201 W. Waters Ave., Tampa, FL 33635
                     Trail Info: 813-801-6729
                     www.hillsboroughcounty.org/parks




                                                B-15
B-16
                                                                  Facility:    Withlacoochee Bay
                                                                               Trail
                                                                  Location:    Citrus County

                                                                  Status:      Existing
                                                                  Type:        Paved
                                                                  Fee:         None
                                                                  Length:      5 miles
                                                                  Width:       12 feet
                                                                  Amenities:   Water boxes, picnic
                                                                               pavilions, restrooms
                                            Photo by John Moran




Connectivity: Planned to connect with the Cross Florida Trail and the Suncoast Trail.

Trailheads and Access:
Felburn Park
From the North –Inglis: Take US 19 South, crossing over the Cross Florida Barge Canal (US 19)
Bridge. Turn Left onto the Suncoast Blvd. road. Follow the Suncoast Blvd. road North. Continue
following signs to Felburn Park. Turn right at the Felburn Park entrance.

From the South– Crystal River: Take US 19 North. Turn right onto the Suncoast Parkway road (at
the foot of the bridge). Follow the Suncoast Blvd. road North. Continue following signs to Felburn
Park. Turn right at the Felburn Park entrance.

Major Activities: Hiking, biking, rollerblading, horseback riding, birdwatching and fishing

Brief Description/Background: The Felburn Park Trailhead and Withlacoochee Bay Trail are
managed as a unit of the 90,000 acre Marjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway. The
Withlacoochee Bay Trail traverses 5 miles west from the Felburn Park Trailhead to the Gulf-of-
Mexico along the southern side of the former Cross Florida Barge Canal.

Contact Information: Office of Greenways and Trails
                     Marjorie Harris Carr Cross Florida Greenway
                     Inglis Lock Office
                     (352) 447-1720




                                                 B-17
B-18
                                                        Facility:      Withlacoochee State Trail
                                                        Location:      Citrus, Hernando, and Pasco
                                                                       Counties

                                                        Status:       Existing
                                                        Type:         Paved
                                                        Fee:          None
                                                        Length:       46 miles
                                                        Width:        12 feet
                                                        Amenities:    Picnic areas, restrooms




Connectivity: Planned to connect with the Cross Florida Trail and the Good Neighbor Trail and
currently connects with the Green Swamp Trail. Will eventually be part of the Central Florida
Loop.

Trailheads and Access:
Gulf Junction Trailhead - South of Dunnellon, off of US 41 on Magenta Drive.
South Citrus Springs Trailhead - In Citrus Springs, off of US 41 on South Citrus Springs Blvd.
Ridge Manor Trailhead - From Interstate 75, take Exit 61 (new Exit 301) to US 98/50. Head east
on US 98/50 approximately one mile to Croom Rital Road. Take a left and proceed to trailhead.
From Brooskville, take US 98/50 east to Croom Rital Road, approximately one mile past the
Interstate 75 interchange. Take a left on Croom Rital Road and proceed to trailhead.
Trilby Trailhead - Approximately 1 mile west of US 301/98, on CR 575 in Trilby.

Major Activities: Hiking, walking, biking, rollerblading, wheelchair, and horseback riding.

Brief Description/Background: The Withlacoochee State Trail is presently the longest paved rail
trail in Florida. The trail corridor runs through small towns, ranches, and natural areas as it makes
its way south from Citrus Springs to Trilby. The trail traverses a region that offers many other
outstanding recreational opportunities.

Contact Information: Withlacoochee State Trail
                     315 North Apopka Avenue
                     Inverness, FL 34450-4201
                     (352) 726-2251




                                                 B-19
B-20
         APPENDIX C

REGIONAL TRAIL PRIORITIZATION
     SCORES & RANKINGS
                                                         WEST CENTRAL FLORIDA MPO CHAIRS COORDINATING COMMITTEE
                                                                 REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAILS PRIORITY LIST OF PROJECTS
                                                                                               June 2006




       County                 Facility                                               Limits                                                Project Phase and Description                    Cost           Ranking



Ranked Regional Trail Projects
Hillsborough     Upper Tampa Bay Trail IV         From Peterson Rd. to the Suncoast Trail on Lutz-Lake Fern Road. The         Section C-1 - Design (FY 2008)                                 $767,000        1
                                                  project will include replacement of the temporary trailhead/ parking at the
                                                  southern terminus of the Suncoast Trail which will be eliminated due to the Section C-2 - Design (FY 2009)                                 $395,000
                                                  future interchange at Lutz-Lake Fern Road - Approx. 7 miles
                                                                                                                              Section C-1 - Construction (FY 2010)                          $3,069,000

                                                                                                                              Section C-2 - Construction (FY 2011)                          $1,581,000

                                                                                                                              Section B - Design (FY 2012)                                   $540,000

                                                                                                                              Section A - Design (FY 2013)                                   $327,000

                                                                                                                              Section B - Construction (FY 2014)                            $2,582,000

                                                                                                                              Section A - Construction (FY 2015)                            $1,562,000

Pinellas         Friendship Trail                 From the western approach for the Friendship Trail-Bridge, beneath two 15-foot wide paved bicycle/pedestrian trail and boardwalk          $8.4 million     2
                                                  highway bridges to south side of Causeway, then westward connecting to (where needed) with amenities including trailhead.
                                                  Savona Dr., south to San Martin Blvd. & further south to Weedon Isle
                                                  Preserve - Approx. 3 miles

Hernando         Good Neighbor Trail              From Russell Park in the City of Brooksville eastward to the                12-foot wide paved bicycle/pedestrian trail with trailheads   $3.2 million     3
                                                  Withlacoochee State Trail - Approx. 12 miles                                and amenities


Pasco/Pinellas   Connection between the           Extension of the Starkey Road Trail/Pinellas Trail from SR 54 in Pasco      Construction of a 12-foot paved bicycle/pedestrian trail      $1.5 million      4
                 Suncoast Trail at the Starkey    County to the Pinellas Trail in Pinellas County - Approx. 5.5 miles
                 Wilderness and the Pinellas
                 Trail

Sarasota         Venice Rail Trail Corridor       From a mile south of SR 72 to Center Road in downtown Venice - Approx. 10 to 12-foot wide paved bicycle/pedestrian trail (rails-to-       $13 million      5
                                                  12.5 miles                                                             trails project)


Polk             Fort Fraser Trail II             From SR 540 to the Lake Mirror Promenade in Downtown Lakeland               Construction of a 12-foot wide paved multi-use trail. A       $5,098,085        6
                                                  (including a crossing of the Polk Parkway) - Approx. 5 miles                portion of the CSX corridor would also be used for the 6-
                                                                                                                              lane widening of US 98


Manatee          Gateway Greenway                 From the Hillsborough County line south to the Sarasota County line -       8-foot paved bicycle/pedestrian path and parallel 8-foot      $8,400,000       7
                                                  Approx. 16 miles                                                            wide unimproved equestrian trail


Polk             Connection of the Van Fleet      From Interstate 4 to SR 33 - Approx. 1.5 miles                              Construction of a 12-foot wide paved multi-use trail.          $762,940         8
                 National Recreational Trail to
                 the TECO-Auburndale Trail

Hillsborough     South Tampa Greenway:            Friendship Trail Bridge to Bayshore Boulevard at Balustrade; Section from 12-foot wide paved bicycle/pedestrian trail and boardwalk       $5.2 million      9
                 Friendship Trail                 Dale Mabry to Gadsen Park - Approx. 11 miles                              (where needed) with amenities including trailhead.


Pinellas/        Courtney-Campbell                From the northern terminus of the Bayside Bridge at Gulf-to-Bay Blvd,       Planning Activities/ Feasibility Study for a 12-foot paved     $400,000        10
Hillsborough     Recreational Trail and West      proceeding east, connecting to shoreline recreation facilities & existing   bicycle/pedestrian trail
                 Tampa Greenway (Scenic           frontage road facilities along Causeway - Approx. 5 miles
                 Highway)
                                                  North and South sides of Courtney Campbell Causeway between                 12-foot wide paved bicycle/pedestrian trail along North and    $5 million
                                                  Veterans Expressway (Hyatt) and bridge to the Pinellas County line -        South sides of Courtney Campbell Causeway between Veterans
                                                  Approx. 4.5 miles                                                           Expressway and bridge to county line




                                                                                                        C-1
       County                 Facility                                               Limits                                                 Project Phase and Description                      Cost          Ranking



Other High Priority Regional Trail Projects (alphabetical order by county)
Manatee           Willow-Ellenton Trail            From downtown Palmetto running parallel to FPL rail (active railway - rails 10-foot paved bicycle/pedestrian path and parallel 5-foot      $8,400,000        -
                                                   with trails) connecting to the Gateway Greenway which connects to           unimproved equestrian trail
                                                   Hillsborough County trails - Approx. 17 miles

Pasco             Extension of the Withlacoochee From Trilby/Lacoochee to Zephyrhills (with connection to Dade City rails-to- 12-foot paved bicycle/pedestrian trails with trailhead at       $7,738,427        -
                  Trail                          trails) - Approx. 13 miles                                                   Trilby


Polk              Extension of the Chain of Lakes From US 17/92 to downtown Lake Alfred (including a crossing of US            Construction of a 12-foot wide multi-use trail extension of      $556,740        -
                  Trail to Downtown Lake Alfred 17/92) - Approx. 1 mile                                                        the Chain of Lakes Trail, which currently terminates at US
                                                                                                                               17/92 in Downtown Lake Alfred

                  Lake Wales Trail                 SR 17 (Ridge Scenic Highway) to Buckmoore Rd.                               Construction of a 12-foot wide multi-use trail                   $300,000        -




Sarasota          Regional Trail                   From the Manatee County Line south to Charlotte County - Approx. 38         8 to10-foot all-weather bicycle/pedestrian path; possible       $20 million      -
                                                   miles                                                                       equestrian trail along portions of path.


                  Sarasota Multi-Use               From downtown Sarasota to St. Armand’s and Lido Key                         Paved bicycle/pedestrian trail                                Not Available      -
                  Recreational Trail




                                                                                                         C-2
                                                                                                                                                     WEST CENTRAL FLORIDA CHAIRS COORDINATING COMMITTEE
                                                                                                                                                                 REGIONAL MULTI-USE TRAILS PRIORITY LIST OF PROJECTS
                                                                                                                                                                                     October 2005

                                                                                                                                                                                                               Connectivity to Regional Attractors                                                     Stage of Completed Development
                                                                                                                              Connectivity to   Inter-County   SIS / Emerging Regional Parks    Colleges /           Malls /       Intermodal          Recognized Entertainment /       PD&E (1 pt.)     Engineering   Right-of-Way     Construction   Listed on OGT     Listed on      Score
                                                                                                                              Existing Trails        Trail      SIS Corridors / Recreational   Universities        Shopping          Centers         Preserve Areas Sports / Historic                      (1 pt.)        (1 pt.)         (1 pt.)           Guide      National Trail
                                                                                Project Phase and                                (5 pts.)       Connectivity    and/or Hubs      Facilities      (0.5 pt.)          Districts        (0.5 pt.)        / Proximity to   Districts                                                                            (1 pt.)    System Guide
    County             Facility                     Limits                                                    Cost
                                                                                   Description                                                      (1 pt.)         (1 pt.)      (0.5 pt.)                          (0.5 pt.)                         water (0.5 pt.)  (0.5 pt.)                                                                                           (1 pt.)


               Good Neighbor Trail     From Russell Park in the City      12 ft. paved bicycle/               $3.2 Million          5                1                                                                                                                     0.5                               1              1                               1                1           9.5
                                       of Brooksville eastward to the     pedestrian trail with trailheads
Hernando                               Withlacoochee State Trail          and amenities

               Suncoast Trail          Suncoast Trail/US 98               1 trailhead with full amenities       $405,000            5                                                                                                                                                                        1              1                               1                1           9

               Upper Tampa Bay Trail   From Peterson Rd. to the           Section C-1 - Design (FY                    $767          5                1               0             0.5              0                 0.5              0.5                 0.5             0.5               1               0              1                0              1                0          11.5
Hillsborough   IV                      Suncoast Trail on Lutz-Lake        2008)
                                       Fern RoadUpper Tampa Bay           Section C-2 - Design (FY                    $395
                                       Trail Phase IV. The project will   2009)
                                       include replacement of the
                                       temporary trailhead/ parking at    Section C-1 - Construction                 $3,069
                                       the southern terminus of the       (FY 2010)
                                       Suncoast Trail which will be       Section C-2 - Construction                 $1,581
                                       eliminated due to the future       (FY 2011)
                                       interchange at Lutz-Lake Fern      Section B - Design (FY 2012)                $540
                                       Road.

                                                                          Section A - Design (FY 2013)                $327

                                                                          Section B - Construction (FY               $2,582
                                                                          2014)

                                                                          Section A - Construction FY                $1,562
                                                                          2015)

               South Tampa Greenway: Friendship Trail Bridge to           Project Description: 12' foot       $5.2 million          5                1               1             0.5             0.5                                 0.5                 0.5             0.5               1               1              1                               1                           13.5
               Friendship Trail      Bayshore Boulevard at                wide paved bicycle/pedestrian
                                     Balustrade                           trail and boardwalk (where
                                                                          needed) with amenities
                                                                          including trailhead.




               West Tampa Greenway -   North and South sides of           Project Description: North            $5 million          5                1               1             0.5             0.5                0.5              0.5                 0.5                                                                                                               1          10.5
               Courtney Campbell       Courtney Campbell Causeway         and South sides of Courtney
               Causeway Trail/CCC      between Veterans Expressway        Campbell Causeway between
               Scenic Highway          (Hyatt) and bridge to county       Veterans Expressway (Hyatt)
                                       line                               a




               Pinellas Trail          Extension of the Starkey Road (Project phase) 12 ft. paved               $754,420            5                1                             0.5                                                                                                                                                                                                   6.5
               Connection to the       Trail (SR 54) to the Pinellas bicycle/ pedestrian trail
Pasco          Suncoast Trail at the   County line
               Starkey Wilderness
               Extension of the        From Trilby/Lacoochee to        Construction of a12 ft. paved           $7,738,427           5                1                             0.5                                                                                                                                                                                                   6.5
               Withlacoochee Trail     Zephyrhills (with connection to bicycle/ pedestrian trails with
                                       Dade City rails-to-trails)      trailhead at Trilby

Pinellas       Courtney-Campbell       From the northern terminus of      Planning Activities/ Feasibility      $400,000            5                1              0.5            0.5             0.5                                                     0.5             0.5               1                                                              1                           10.5
               Recreational Trail      the Bayside Bridge at Gulf-to-     Study for a 12 ft. paved
               (Scenic Highway)        Bay Blvd, proceeding east,         bicycle/ pedestrian trail
                                       connecting to shoreline
                                       recreation facilities & existing
                                       frontage road facilities along
                                       Causeway
               Gateway Greenway        From the Hillsborough County 8 ft. paved bicycle /pedestrian            $8,400,000           5                1                             0.5                                0.5                                  0.5             0.5               1               1              1                                                            11
Sarasota/                              line south to the Sarasota   path and parallel 8 st. wide
Manatee                                County line                  unimproved equestrian trail


               Willow-Ellenton Trail   From downtown Palmetto               10 ft. paved bicycle/              $8,400,000           5                1              0.5                                               0.5              0.5                 0.5             0.5               1               1                                                                          10.5
                                       running parallel to FPL rail         pedestrian path and parallel 5
                                       (active railway - rails with trails) ft. unimproved equestrian trail
                                       connecting to the Gateway
                                       Greenway which connects to
                                       Hillsborough County trails


               Venice Rail Trail       From a mile south of SR 72 to      10 to 12 ft. wide paved             $13,000,000           5                1                             0.5                                0.5              0.5                 0.5             0.5               1               1              1                1              1                           13.5
               Corridor                Center Road in downtown            bicycle/ pedestrian trail (rails-
                                       Venice                             to- trails project)

               Regional Trail          From the Manatee County Line 8-10 ft. all-weather                      $20,000,000           5                1                             0.5                                                                     0.5             0.5                                              1                                                            8.5
                                       south to Charlotte County.    bicycle/pedestrian path
                                                                     approx. 38 mile slong.
                                                                     Possible equestrian trail laong
               Sarasota Multi-Use      From downtown Sarasota to St. Paved bicycle/pedestrian trail                                 5                                                              0.5                0.5                                                  0.5                                                                                                           6.5
               Recreational Trail      Armand’s and Lido Key




                                                                                                                                                                                                         C-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Connectivity to Regional Attractors                                                     Stage of Completed Development
                                                                                                                          Connectivity to   Inter-County   SIS / Emerging Regional Parks    Colleges /           Malls /       Intermodal          Recognized Entertainment /       PD&E (1 pt.)     Engineering   Right-of-Way     Construction   Listed on OGT     Listed on      Score
                                                                                                                          Existing Trails        Trail      SIS Corridors / Recreational   Universities        Shopping          Centers         Preserve Areas Sports / Historic                      (1 pt.)        (1 pt.)         (1 pt.)           Guide      National Trail
                                                                               Project Phase and                             (5 pts.)       Connectivity    and/or Hubs      Facilities      (0.5 pt.)          Districts        (0.5 pt.)        / Proximity to   Districts                                                                            (1 pt.)    System Guide
       County            Facility                       Limits                                              Cost
                                                                                  Description                                                   (1 pt.)         (1 pt.)      (0.5 pt.)                          (0.5 pt.)                         water (0.5 pt.)  (0.5 pt.)                                                                                           (1 pt.)


                Connection of the Van     From Interstate 4 to SR 33                                          $762,940          5                0               0             0.5             0.5                 0                0                  0.5              0                0               0              1                0              1                1           9.5
                Fleet National
                Recreational Trail to the
                TECO-Auburndale Trail
Polk




                Fort Fraser Trail          From SR 540 to the Lake        Construction of a 12 ft. paved     $5,098,085         5                0               1             0.5             0.5                0.5              0.5                 0.5             0.5               0               0              0                0              1                0           10
                                           Mirror Promenade in            multi-use trail. A portion of
                                           Downtown Lakeland (including   the CSX corridor would also
                                           a crossing of the Polk         be used for the 6-lane
                                           Parkway)                       widening of US 98

                Extension of the Chain     From US 17/92 to downtown      Construction of a 12 ft. multi-     $556,740          5                0               0             0.5              0                 0.5               0                  0.5             0.5               0               0              1                0              1                0           9
                of Lakes Trail to          Lake Alfred (including a       use trail extension of the
                Downtown Lake Alfred       crossing of US 17/92)          Chain of Lakes Trail, which
                                                                          currently terminates at US
                                                                          17/92 in Downtown
                Tenoroc Trail              From Lakeland's Lake-to-Lake   Portions of this trail may be      $5,495,230         5                0               0             0.5              0                  0                0                  0.5              0                0               0              1                0              1                0           8
                                           Connector at Lake Parker to    left unpaved to minimize
                                           the Auburndale Trail in the    impacts to the state-owned
                                           vicinity of Braddock Road      Tenoroc Management Area.
                                                                          This multi-use trail would
                                                                          provide a connection between
                                                                          the Van Fleet National Rec.
                                                                          Trail and Lakeland, as well as
                                                                          other trails within the
                                                                          management area.


                The Ridge Scenic             From US 27 south of          SR 17 has recently been           $17,985,797         5                0               0             0.5             0.5                0.5               0                  0.5             0.5               0               0              0                0              1                0           8.5
                Highway System of            Frostproof to US 17/92 in    designated as a state scenic
                bicycle/ pedestrian and Haines City                       highway. Pursuant to the
                trail facilities adjacent to                              adopted Corridor
                SR 17 (Scenic Highway)                                    Management Plan there are
                                                                          planned on- and off-road
                                                                          bicycle and pedestrian
                                                                          facilities.




                                                                                                                                                                                                     C-4

				
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