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					           Federal Communications Commission
 Network Reliability and Interoperability Council VI


    HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSCIAL SECURITY
                            Update to Council

                               September 13, 2002

                             KARL F. RAUSCHER
           Chair Homeland Security Physical Security Focus Group (1A)

            Director Network Reliability, Lucent Technologies Bell Labs
                   Chair NRIC V Best Practices Subcommittee
          Vice Chair ATIS Network Reliability Steering Committee (NRSC)
              Founder Wireless Emergency Response Team (WERT)
    Representative National Coordinating Center (NCC) for Telecommunications
Chair-Elect IEEE Technical Committee on Communications Quality & Reliability (CQR)


                                 Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                                           FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                        HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                                 Outline


                                                   •   Mission
                                                   •   Team Members
                                                   •   Process
                                                   •   Progress
                                                   •   Actions for Council Members




 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                           2
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                    Focus Group Mission
  The Focus Group will assess physical vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and the
  Internet and determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would
  otherwise result from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will conduct a survey of current practices by wireless, wireline, satellite, and cable
  telecommunications and Internet services providers, network operators and equipment suppliers that address
  Homeland Defense.
  By December 31, 2002 the Focus Group will issue a report identifying areas for attention and describing best
  practices, with checklists, that should be followed to prevent disruptions of public telecommunications services
  and the Internet from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will report on current disaster recovery mechanisms, techniques, and best practices
  and develop any additional best practices, mechanisms, and techniques that are necessary, or
  desirable, to more effectively restore telecommunications services and Internet services disruptions arising
  from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will issue a report containing best practices recommendations, and recommended
  mechanisms and techniques (including checklists), for disaster recovery and service restoration. The Focus
  Group will issue this report within twelve (12) months of the first Council meeting.
  The Focus Group will coordinate with the Homeland Security Cyber Security Focus Group (1B) to
  assure that vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and the Internet are assessed, and to
  determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would otherwise result from
  terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences. The Focus Group will also coordinate
  with other Focus Groups, as appropriate.
 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                    3
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                    Focus Group Mission
  The Focus Group will assess physical vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications
  networks and the Internet and determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to
  prevent disruptions that would otherwise result from terrorist activities, natural disasters,
  or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will conduct a survey of current practices by wireless, wireline, satellite, and cable
  telecommunications services providers and Internet service providers that address the Homeland Defense
  concerns articulated above.
      • “Physical”, in complimenting “Cyber”, must provide for attention and describing best
  By December 31, 2002 the Focus Group will issue a report identifying areas100% coverage
  practices, with checklists, that should be followed to prevent disruptions of public telecommunications services
  and • “Vulnerabilities” vs “Threats” disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
      the Internet from terrorist activities, natural
  The Focus Group will report on current disaster recovery mechanisms, techniques, and best practices
      • 3 aspects of Security
  and develop any additional best practices, mechanisms, and techniques that are necessary, or
  desirable, to more effectively restore telecommunications services and Internet services disruptions arising
              1) network reliability (“disruptions”)
  from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus 2) network securitycontaining best practices recommendations, and recommended
              Group will issue a report
  mechanisms and techniques (including checklists), for disaster recovery and service restoration. The Focus
              3) this report within twelve (12) months of
  Group will issuecorporate/enterprise security the first Council meeting.
  The Focus Group will coordinate with the Homeland Security Cyber Security Focus Group (1B) to
        • that vulnerabilities in the causes
  assure Complete range ofpublic telecommunications networks and the Internet are assessed, and to
  determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would otherwise result from
  terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences. The Focus Group will also coordinate
 9/8/2010
  with other
 K. F. Rauscher Focus Groups, as appropriate.                                                                    4
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                    Focus Group Mission
  The Focus Group will assess physical vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and the
  Internet and determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would
  otherwise result from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.

  The Focus Group will conduct a survey of current practices by wireless, wireline,
  satellite, and cable telecommunications and Internet services providers, network
  operators and equipment suppliers that address Homeland Defense.
  By December 31, 2002 the Focus Group will issue a report identifying areas for attention and describing best
  practices, with checklists, that should be followed to prevent disruptions of public telecommunications services
                                                                 Implementation
  and the Internet from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
                                                                         Effectiveness
  • SurveyGroup will report on current disaster recovery mechanisms, techniques, and best practices
  The Focus                                                       Cost to Implement
  and develop any additional best practices, mechanisms, and techniques that are necessary, or
                                                                                 Risk to Not Implement
       will more effectively restore
  desirable, to measure industry telecommunications services and Internet services disruptions arising
       terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  fromimplementation
  The Focus Group will issue a report containing best practices recommendations, and recommended
       scheduled for 1H03                                                               Equipment Circuit
  mechanisms and techniques (including checklists), for disaster recovery and service restoration. The- Focus
  Group will issue this report within twelve (12) months of the first Council meeting.
            coordinated with other Focus                                                  Equipment - Packet
  The Focus Group will coordinate with the Homeland Security Cyber Security Focus Group (1B) to
       Groups
  assure that vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and the Internet are assessed, and to
                                                                                           Service Provider - Circuit
  determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would otherwise result from
        activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences. The Focus Group will also Provider - Packet
  terroristprotect sensitive information
                                                                                           Service coordinate
  with other Focus Groups, as appropriate.
 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                 5
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                    Focus Group Mission
  The Focus Group will assess physical vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and the
  • 2 Reports
  Internet and determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would
  otherwise result from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
                  “Prevention” Report due on or before December 31, 2002
  The Focus Group will conduct a survey of current practices by wireless, wireline, satellite, and cable
          “Restoration” Report due on service providers that 22, 2003
  telecommunications services providers and Internet or before March address the Homeland Defense
  concerns articulated above.

  By December 31, 2002 the Focus Group will issue a report identifying areas for
  attention and describing best practices, with checklists, that should be followed to prevent
  disruptions of public telecommunications services and the Internet from terrorist activities,
  natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will report on current disaster recovery mechanisms, techniques,
  and best practices and develop any additional best practices, mechanisms, and
  techniques that are necessary, or desirable, to more effectively restore
  telecommunications services and Internet services disruptions arising from terrorist
  activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will issue a report containing best practices recommendations, and
  recommended mechanisms and techniques (including checklists), for disaster recovery
  and service restoration. The Focus Group will issue this report within twelve (12) months
  of the first Council meeting.
 9/8/2010
  The Focus
 K. F. Rauscher          Group will coordinate with the Homeland Security Cyber Security Focus Group (1B) to   6
                                                                        FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                     HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY
  The Focus Group will assess physical vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and the
                                                      Focus Group Mission
  Internet and determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to prevent disruptions that would
   • Coordination with other Focus Groups
  otherwise result from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
  The Focus Group will conduct a survey of current practices by wireless, wireline, satellite, and cable
  • Also coordinating with other stakeholders
  telecommunications services providers and Internet service providers that address the Homeland Defense
  concerns articulated above.
                 •        National Communications System (NCS)
  By December 31, 2002 the Focus Group will issue a report identifying areas for attention and describing best
                  •     National Coordinating to prevent disruptions of public telecommunications services
  practices, with checklists, that should be followedCenter for Telecommunications (NCC)
  and the Internet from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
                                 •           Telecom ISAC (Information Sharing and Analysis Center)
  The Focus Group will report on current disaster recovery mechanisms, techniques, and best practices
         • Office of Homeland Security
  and develop any additional best practices, mechanisms, and techniques that are necessary, or
                more effectively restore telecommunications services and Internet services disruptions arising
  desirable, toNational Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee
         •
  from terrorist activities, natural disasters, or similar types of occurrences.
                 •        ATIS Network Reliability Steering Committee
  The Focus Group will issue a report containing best practices recommendations, and recommended
        • others
  mechanisms and techniques (including checklists), for disaster recovery and service restoration. The Focus
  Group will issue this report within twelve (12) months of the first Council meeting.

  The Focus Group will coordinate with the Homeland Security Cyber Security Focus
  Group (1B) to assure that vulnerabilities in the public telecommunications networks and
  the Internet are assessed, and to determine how best to address those vulnerabilities to
  prevent disruptions that would otherwise result from terrorist activities, natural disasters,
  or similar types of occurrences. The Focus Group will also coordinate with other
  Focus Groups, as appropriate.
 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                7
                                                                                FOCUS GROUP 1A
   Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                             HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                                      Team Membership
               Service Providers & Network Operators                             Equipment Suppliers   Government & Other Entities

                                                      Larry Clarey           John Clarke               Bill Klein
Steve Michalecki
                                                      Jennifer Warren        Chris Miller
                                                      Bob Holliday           Donna Rhode               Whitey Thayer
David Porte                                           Loye Manning
                                                      Tom Truesdale          Richard Biby              George Caldwell        IBSS
P.J. Aduskevicz                                                                                        Al Woods            New York
Rick Canaday                                          John Morovich          Steven Warwick                              Clearinghouse
Frank Maguire                                                                                          Perry Fergus
                                                                             Karl Rauscher             Larry Stark
Ralph Whitlark                                        Keith Hopkins
Shawn Cochran                                         Bob Postovit           Jim Runyon
                                                                                                       Hank Kluepfel
                                                                             Ted Lach
Michael Clements                                      Percy Kimbrough        Anil Macwan                                     Schwarz
                                                                                                       Molly Schwarz
                                                                                                                            Consulting
Richard Trask                                                                Cathy Purvis
                                                      John Cholewa                                     Chao -Ming Liu
Jayne McCullough
                                                                                                       Bobbie Reagor
                                                      Wayne Chiles           Mike Kennedy
Craig McQuate                                                                                          Fraincois Sandroff
                                                      Liz Geddes             Rod Wallace
                                                      Ron Bath               Virgil Long               David Kanupke
Tim Dowse
                                                      Michael McAdoo

Daniel Jenkins                                        Craig Swenson          Fred Tompkins

                                                                             Stephen Hipson

    9/8/2010
    K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                              8
                                                                         FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                      HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                   Communications Infrastructure
                                                           PUBLIC HEALTH

            FINANCIAL                                                              LAW ENFORCEMENT


                                             COMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
                                    Power                Software    Payload       Human
                                  Environment            Hardware    Networks      Policy


TRANSPORTATION                                                                              ENERGY


                                                           Other Infrastructures

 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                                      9
                                                                           FOCUS GROUP 1A
     Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                        HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                  Vulnerabilities – Threats - Best Practices Framework




                                                                    electromagnetic


                                                                                      thermal nuclear


                                                                                                        hijacking of a
                                                                                                                            Threats




                                                                    weapons




                                                                                                        network
                                                                                      war
                                                                                                                         Best Practices that
                      Environment
                                                                                                                         a) address Vulnerabilities
Vulnerabilities




                                                            X-123
                      accessible                            X-789
                      identifiable                                                                                       b) address Threats
                      physical damage                                                                                    by preventing the exercise of
                      Hardware                                                                                           vulnerabilities, and/or mitigating
                                                                                                                         the impact should a vulnerability
                      vibration / shock
                                                                                                                         be exercised
                      temperature extremes
                                                                    X-222 X-111
                      electromagnetic radiation                     X-999

                      Policy
                      foreign national ownership                                                        X-555




       9/8/2010
       K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                                                    10
                                                                         FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                      HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                                Progress
               •         Process Architecture
                            – aligned with mission
                            – protects sensitive information


               •         Vulnerabilities Framework
                            – systematic assessment
                            – integrates information
                            – enables quick access and focus
                                                                                                     Communications Infrastructure

               •
                                                                                                             PUBLIC HEALTH
                         Establish Vulnerability Task Teams                              FINANCIAL
                                                                                                             PUBLIC HEALTH

                                                                                                                                      LAW ENFORCEMENT
                                                                                                                                      LAW ENFORCEMENT


                            – engage additional expert                                           COMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
                                                                                                Power       Software    Payload        Human


                            – more rigor
                                                                                              Environment   Hardware    Networks      Hardware


                                                                                      TRANSPORTATION
                                                                                      TRANSPORTATION                                        ENERGY
                                                                                                                                            ENERGY


                                                                                                              Other Infrastructures



               •         Best Practices
                                                       200+ Best Practices proposals
 9/8/2010
                                                   100+ Best Practices with initial consensus
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                                                  11
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                           “Take Aways” for Council Members

     • Ongoing: Support your experts contributing to the Focus Group

     • November: Assist these representatives in obtaining a thorough
       company review of the draft Report and Best Practices


     • December: Prepare for forthcoming Best Practices
                    – consideration needed for evaluating options for implementation
                    – some companies are already implementing some “draft” Best
                      Practices – from learnings




 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                        12
                                                                        FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                     HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                      Background Material




                                                       Acknowledgements
                                                   Big Picture of Process Flow
                                                             Timeline
                                                       Guiding Principles




 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                       13
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                    Acknowledgements

     • Team Members
                   – professional excellence and personal commitment to mission
     • Pam Stegora-Axberg, Steering Committee Chair
                   – recruiting industry experts and ongoing support
     • Jeff Goldthorp, NRIC VI Designated Federal Officer
                   – care and diligence in providing clarifications
     • ATIS
                   – hosting numerous meetings




 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                     14
                                                                                  FOCUS GROUP 1A
         Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                               HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                            Big Picture of Process Flow
                                                                                                        NRIC FGs
                                                                      OVERSIGHT
                                                                     Council Charter       Coordination         Stakeholders

          Assemble                                                   Steering Committee                            C
         Vulnerabilities Vulnerabilities                                                                           o FCC




                                                                                                                               OUTPUTS
INPUTS




                                                                                         Recommendations u
            Assemble
             Threats
                                                     Threats         Focus Group 1A
                                                                       assess  determine
                                                                                                                   n    &
                                                                       conduct   issue    P & R Reports c
            Assemble                                                   report   develop
                                                                                               Areas for Attention i
                                               Existing BPs                                                          Industry
              BPs                                                                                  Checklists
                                                                                                 Best Practices
                                                                                                                   l
                                                                     SMEs          $      Survey   Mechanisms
                                                                                                   Techniques


                                                                            Council
                                                               Broader Industry

          9/8/2010                                                       SUPPORT
          K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                15
                                                                                   FOCUS GROUP 1A
      Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                                HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                 Timeline
                 1Q02 2Q02 3Q02 4Q02 1Q03 2Q03 3Q03 4Q03
                              FG
                            Meetings
Group 1A




                                    < - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Recommendations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - >
 Focus




                                          Task                                                      Other items
                                                                         Prevention Restoration
                                       Groups                                                       • Promoting BP Awareness
                                                                           Report        Report
                                      Meetings                                                      • Encouraging BP Implementation
                                      - - Recruiting
                                   <FG - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Coordination with other FGs - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - >
                                    < - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Coordination with External Fora- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - >
Committee
 Steering




                                       1st SC
                                        Mtg
                                        FG Recruiting
  Council




                                                          X
       Charter 1st                                       2Q02     3Q02    4Q02          1Q03           2Q03           3Q03            4Q03
      Announced Mtg                                       Mtg      Mtg     Mtg           Mtg            Mtg            Mtg             Mtg

       9/8/2010
       K. F. Rauscher                                                                                                                       16
                                                                      FOCUS GROUP 1A
Network Reliability and Interoperability Council
                                                   HOMELAND SECURITY PHYSICAL SECURITY

                                                     Guiding Principles
  1.             Work Is Critical and Urgent
                 . . . Successful completion of our mission is vital to national security
  2.             High Quality, On-Time Deliverables that Are Trustworthy and Thorough
                 . . . Fulfill applicable Charter requirements and meet the needs of the Nation
  3.             Clear Objectives
                 . . . For team, and individual participants and organizations
  4.             Leadership Will Pursue Consensus of Team
                 . . . Also needs to set pace & guide fulfillment of charter
  5.             Follow a Scientific Approach, Not Merely Collect Subjective Opinions
                 . . . Be objective and practice a disciplined methodology
  6.             Capture Every Good Idea
                 . . . Welcome new and different perspectives for consideration
  7.             Respect for Individuals
                 . . . Open and honest interactions


 9/8/2010
 K. F. Rauscher                                                                                   17