An Epidemic that is Tipping the Scales
SC AHEC Dental, Medicine, and Nursing Careers Academy
June 05, 2009
Deborah Bartley, Lagloria Chisolm, Krishon Dillard,
Tiffany Fishburne, Jordan Greenway
What the People Say…
43 year old MUSC graduate: “ someone who is
24 year old telecommunication supervisor: “
someone who is 15 to 20lbs over the average
21 year old college student: “ someone is
round, plump and can pinch their fat!
What the People Say…
23 year old, 3rd grade teacher: “ A child should not
be classified as overweight because they are still
65 year old great grandmother: “ I don’t really
know but what ever the doctor says, add 20 Ibs to
54 year old DSS social worker: “ 10 Ibs over the
Childhood Obesity vs. Childhood
defined as an excessive accumulation of body fat.
present when total body weight is more than 25
percent fat in boys and more than 32 percent fat in
More than 85 percent
Interpreting Body Mass Index
Body Mass Index (BMI)
the ratio of weight to height in kilograms (kg)
body weight in kg /(ht)²
Overweight: BMI for age> 95th Percentile
There is no specific BMI chart for children because
childrens’ growth has to be taken into consideration.
Childhood Obesity Stats
Time spent watching TV
Food advertisements www.drivenmg.com
• Calorie Intake
Increased consumption of soft drinks(188 calories/day)
• Reduced physical activity
Dropped 14% over the 13 years
“Food and beverage industries spend 10-12 billion dollars a
year marketing directly to children and adolescents”
(National Effort Urgently 1).
Consequences of Childhood Obesity
• Severe Asthma
• Type 2 Diabetes
• Cardiovascular Disease
• Sleep Apnea
• Mental Health
• Adult Obesity
• Cancer (Breast, Colon, Endometrial)
• Liver and Gallbladder Disease
Childhood Obesity Statistics
• There are 22 Million Obese Children under five in
• Obesity doubles in percentage in the US after the
age of six.
• Childhood Obesity in the United States is greatest
in Mexican -Americans.
• In percentages, African-American children are
intermediate in obesity and Caucasian children
are lowest in obesity.
• In South Carolina:2003-2004, 18.8% of children
ages 11-16 were overweight.
Programs in South Carolina to Reduce
and Prevent Childhood Obesity
• CATCH- (Coordinated Approach to Child Health)
A program that encourages children to exercise
and make wise decisions about food.
• The National Association of County and City
Health Officials- Pays for classes for Children to
advise them on what kinds of food to eat and
provide places to exercise like bike paths.
• The South Carolina Rural Health Research Center-
Researches information about diseases like
diabetes that mostly affect minorities linked to
reasons as high percentages of Child Obesity.
Treatment and Prevention
• It is never too early or late to start!
• Who needs to be involved?...EVERYONE!
– Consumer Industry
– Health Professionals
Treatment and Prevention Cont’d…
• Schools, Families, Communities, Consumer
Industry, Government, Health Professionals
– Physical Activity
– Diet Management
– Behavioral Alteration
Remember…This is a World-Wide
• People ARE doing their job.
– Nickelodeon’s Worldwide Day of Play
– Local Churches are creating “Get Fit” Programs.
“We must act now and we must do this as a nation”
-Jeffrey Koplan, vice president for academic health
affairs, Emory University
• Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Advancing Excellence in Health
• Center for Health and Health Care in Schools .(2005) “Childhood Overweight
What the Research Tells Us”
• eMedicine Health Practical Guide Health (2009). “Obesity in Children”
• Center for Disease Control and Prevention(2009). “Overwieight and Obesity.
• William H. Dietz (1997). “Health Consequences of Obesity in Youth:
Childhood Predictors of Adult Disease.